Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

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their money ; the covetous are eager to obtain
money ; the niggardly are mean in their dealings
with others ; the miserly, parsimonious, and penu-
rious are mean to themselves, as well as to others.

Xv-A-Ri"cious-Ly, ad. In an avaricious manner.

AV-A-Rl"cious-NESS, 7(. Covetousness.

>\-VAST', interj. (JVaut.) Hold ; stop ; stay.

Ar-A-TAR', n. (Hindoo mythology.) The Liicama-
tion or a metamorphosis of the Deity.

A-VAUNT', interj. Hence ; begone.

a' ve (a've), n. [l,.] An address to the Virgin
Mary, so called from the first words, jlve Maria.

A-VEN(^E', V. a. To take vengeance on ; to punish :
— to retaliate ; to revenge.

Syn. — The wrongs of a person may be avenged,
and the wrong-doer punished; but to revenge or
retaliate is unchristian.

•fA-VEN(^E'MENT, n. Vengeance ; punishment.

A-VEN§^'ER, n. One who avenges.

tA-VE^fT'yRE (a-vent'yur),?!. (Law.) A mischance.

AV'E-iNUE (av'e-nii), ?t. A passage; a way of en-
trance ; an alley of trees before a house.

A-VER', V. a. To declare positively ; to assert.

av'er-age, n. A medium ; a mean proportion : —
a contribution to a general loss.

X'V'ER-A(jrE, V. a. To reduce to a medium.

av'er-a^e, v. n. To be in a medial state.

Xv'er-a^^e, a. Medial; having a medium.

A-viJR'MENT, n. Atfirmation ; justification.

1v-er-rDn'c ATE, K. a. To prune : to root up. [R.]

Xv-er-sa'tion, ». Hatred ; abhorrence. [R.]

^-VERSE', a. Having aversion; disinclined to;
unwilling ; reluctant ; loath.

Syn. — Averse to study ; umnilling to labor; re-
Ivctant to perform a task ; loath to receive advice.

A-verse'ly, ad. Unwillingly; backwardly.

A-VERSE'NESS, n. Unwillingness; dislike.

A-viJR'sipN, n. Moderate hatred; dislike; ab-
horrence ; repugnance : — cause of aversion.

A-visRT', v. a. To turn aside ; to put away.

A-vert', v. n. To turn away.

a'vi-a-ry, n. A place inclosed to keep birds in.

A-VlD'i-Ty, 71. Eagerness ; greediness ; voracity.

Syn. ^ojc^/t)/ of desire ; eagerness in the pursuit

of pleasure; greediness of gSiin ; uoracit?/ of appetite.

tXv'o-CATE, V. a. To call off or away.

Xv-o-CA'TlpN (av-o-ka'shun), n. Act of calling
aside : business that calls aside ; employment.

A-v'oiD', w. a. To shun ; to escape from ; to elude ;
to eschew ; to evade.

Syn. — Avoid the gaming-house ; shun bad com-
pany; escape danger; eiurfe punishment; eschcwevil.

A-voiD'A-BLE, a. That may be avoided.

A-v6id'ance, n. Act of avoiding ; deprivation.

A-VO(d'less, a. Unavoidable.

Xv-ofR-DiJ-poi?' (av-er-du-pbiz'), n. &, a. A
weight, of which a pound contains 16 ounces.

Xv-o-LA'TiQN, j(. A flight ; escape, [i?.]

A-VofiCIl', V. a. To affirm ; to declare ; to vouch.

A-voOcii'a-ble, a. That may be avouched.

A-voucil'MENT, H. A declaration. Sliak. [k.]

A-vb w', V. a. To declare openly ; to own ; to ac-
kninvledge ; to confess ; to profess.

A-viivV'A-Bl.E, a. That may bo avowed.

A-vciw'Al. n. Open declaration ; justification.

A-V(5wEr)' (a-vbud'), p. n. Pednred ; professed

A-VOW'^p-(^Y, ad. In an ojien manner.

AV-iiw-iiE', n. Advowee. See Advowee.

A-vow'er, n. One who avows or justifies.

A-v6w'ry, n. {Laic.) A justification by one who
has taken a distress in his own right.

A-vDl'sion, n. The act of tearing away.

A-WAIT', V. a. To expect ; to attend ; to wait for.

A-wake', v. a. [i. AWOKE or awaked ; pp. awak
iNG, AWOKE or AWAKED.] To rouse from sleep;
to wake ; to awaken.

A-wake', v. n. To break from sleep ; to wake.

A-W'AKe', a. Not sleeping; not being asleep.

A-wak'en (a-wa'kn), v. a. & n. To awake.

A-WAK'EN-iNG, 7!. Act of waking ; revival.

A-WARD', i>. a. To adjudge ; to sentence.

A-ward', v. n. To decree ; to judge.

A-ward', 71. Judgment; sentence; decree.

A-ware', a. Vigilant ; cautious ; attentive.

A-VVAY' (a-wa'), ad. At a distance off; not at
home: off. — interj. Begone.

AWE (aw), 71. Reverential fear; reverence ; ven-
eration ; dread.

Syn. — Stand in awe of your Creator ; regard
religion with reverence, great and good men with
veneration, and the commission of sin with dread.

AWE (aw), V. a. To strike with reverence.

awe'-strDck, p. a. Impressed with awe.

aw'fOl, a. That strikes with awe ; dreadful.

aw'fOl,-ly, ad. In an awful manner.

aw'fOl-n£ss, 71. Quality of being awful.

A-WHILE', ad. For some time ; for a short time.

AWK'wARD, a. Unhandy; clumsy; wanting dex-
terity or skill ; impolite.

Syn. — An awkward gait or manner ; impolite
manners ; an unhandy instrument ; a clumsy shape.

AWK'WARD-LY, ad. In an awkward manner.

awk'ward-nEss, 77. State of being awkward.

AWL (all), n. An instrument to bore holes with.

AWN, 77. The beard of grasses or grain.

awn'ing, 77. A cover of canvas spread over a
boat, or any place without a roof, for shade.

AWN'LESS, a. Having no awn or beard.

A-woke', i. From awake. See Awake.

A-wry' (a-ri'), ad. & a. Obliquely ; asquint.

AXE (ax), 71. An instrument, with a sharp edge,
for chopping and hewing.

AX'l-AL, a. Relating to the axis.

Ax-iF'ER-otJs, a. (Bot.) Noting plants which
consist wholly of an axis, as lichens.

Xx'i-FORM, a. Formed like an axe or axis.

Xx'JL, 77. [aiiHa, L.] (Anat.) The armpit. — (Pof.)
The junction of a leaf on a branch.

AX-'iL'LA,n.;pl. ax-il'l^. [L.] {Anat.) Th»
armpit : — same as azil. See Axil.

AX'lL-LA-RY. a. Belonging to the armpit.

AX'IOM (aks'yum), n. A self-evident truth.

Syn. — Axiom, maxim, aphorism, apothegm,
adage, proverb, saying, by-word, saw, trui.-«'i.
These several words all denote phrases wliicli
affirm some general proposition. Axioms are ui
science what maxims are in morals. An intuitive
truth, which it is proper to specify, is an axiom,
but if needless to detail, it is a truism. Silly saws
and quaint sayings often become by-words among
the vulgar. The axioms of science ; the maxims
of prudence ; the aphorisms of Hippocrates or L;»-
vater ; the apothegms of Plutarch ; the adages
of the ancients ; the sayings of the wise ; the
sa7Ds of the vulgar.

AX-i-p-MAT'ic, ) a. Relating to, or containing,

AX-i-p-MAT'i-cAL, ( axioms.

AX'is, 77. ; pi. Xx'e§. [L.] The line, real or im-
aginary, that passes througli any body, on which
it may revolve. — {Bot.) A stem.

Sx'LE (ak'sl), ) 71. A piece of timber, or

AX'LE-TRiiiJ (Sk'sl-trC), i bar of iron, on which
the wheels of a carriage turn.

Xynr AVE(ac) [a'e, Sm. ; i'e, P.J.F.R.; I,
C. 1 , ad. Yes ; — expressing assent.

AYE {d),ad. Always; forever; to eternity.

JMiE.\,s'lK; MOVE, MOK, SON ; JiOl.L, BiJK,KCiLE. — 9 , V , g, »«/£ ■" *:, G, c, g, Aurrf; §asz; 1f.asgz: THIS




Ay'rv (Ar'e), n. The nest of a hawk. See Evry.
AZ'i-mOth, 1- (^stroll.) The azimuth (pf the sun,

or (if a star, is an arc between the meridian of iJie

place and any given vertical line.
Xz'l-MU-TiiAL, a. Relating to the azimuth.
AZ'OTE [az'6t, Sm. R., P. Cijc. :',K. C. JfS.],

71. (^Ckenu) A kiud of gas, fatal to animal life, it

is one of the constituents of common air, and is

railed also nitroiren.
A-zot'ic, a. Relating to, or containing, azote.
*A'ZI;re (a'zhur or azh'ur) [a'zhur, S. E. F. K.

R. ; a'zhur, IV. Ja. C. ; azh'ur, J. ivb. ; az'yr, P. ;

Jl'zhor, Sm.], a. Blue ; faint blue ; sky-colored.
*a'zvre, 71. The color of the sky : — the sky.


Bthe second letter of the English alphabet, is a
J mute and a labial, being pronounced by press-
ing the whole lengtli of the lips together.

Baa (bii), ii. The cry of a sheep.

Baa (bii), V. n. To cry like a sheep.

Ba'al, n. An ancient idol, representing the sun.

Bab'ble, v. n. To prattle like a child ; to talk idly.

Bab'ble, v. a. To prate ; to tell, as secrets.

Bab'ble, n. Idle talk ; senseless prattle.

Bab'ble-ment,7!. Senseless prate ; babble. Milton.

Bab'bler, n. An idle talker ; a teller of secrets.

Bab'BLINO, 71. Foolish talk ; babble.

Babe, h. An infant ; a young child ; baby.

Ba'be-rv, n. Finery to please a child.

Ba-b66n', 71. A large kind of monkey.

Ba'by, n. A young child ; an infant ; babe.

Ba'by-hood (ba'be-hud), 71. Infancy; childhood.

BA'BY-isfl, a. Like a babe ; childish.

Bac-c a-Lau're-ate, n. The degree of a bachelor.

Bac'cate, a. (But.) Having berries or soft flesh.

Bac'cat-ed, a. Having pearls or berries.

Bac'iBHA-nal, a. Drunken ; noisy.

Bac'CHA-NAL or BaC-£HA-NA'LI-AN, 71. A
drunkard ; debauchee.

Bac-£;ha-na'jji-an, a. Relating to revelry ; bac-

Bac'j6ha-nal§, n. ; pi. Drunken feasts or revels.

Bac-^han' TEi), [L.] The [)riests of Bacchus.

BAje-^iF'ER-oOs, a. Bearing berries.

BAe-91 v'o-RotJS, a. Feeding on berries.

Bach'e-lor, 71. An unmarried man: — one who
has taken his first degree in the liberal arts: — a
knight of the lowest order.

Bach'e-lor-ship, n. State of a bachelor.

Back, n. The hinder part of the body in man, and
the upper part in animals ; the outer part of the
hand ; the hinder part of a thing ; the rear.

Back, ad. To the place left ; behind ; again.

Back. ?;. a. To mount a horse: — to place upon
the back : — to maintain ; to justify : — to second.

Back, a. Being behind or passed bj^

Back'bite, v. a. To censure or slander the absent.

BACK'B|T-ER,7t. A privy calumniator or slanderer.

B,\ck'bTt-ing, 77. Secret detraction or slander.

Back'bone, 77. The bone of the back ; the spine.

Back' DOOR (-dor), 71. A door behind a building.

Back-gam'mon, n. A game at tables played by
two persons with box and dice.

B.\ck'gr6und, 77. The part behind; opposed to
front ; ground in the rear ; obscurity.

B '\CK'n6usE, 7i. A building behind a house,

Back'piece, 71. Armor to cover the back.

B\ck'r66m, 7J. a room behind or in the rear.

B ACK'siDE, n. The hinder i)art of a thing ; rear.

*Back-slTde' (HI) fbak-slld', W. E. F. Ja. Sin.
Wh. : oak'slld, S. P.), v. n. To fall off; to re-
lapse ; to apostatize.

•Back sliu'er, 7t. An apostate.

Back'staff, 71. A kind of quadrant.

Back stair§, n. pi. Stairs private or in the rear.

BACK'STAY^,7(.pi. Ropes to support a slii|)'s iiia-ts.

BACK'sTONE,7i. A stone on which cakes are liaked.

Back'sword (bak'.sord), 71. A sword with one
sharp edge : — a rustic sword-stick.

Back'ward, a. Unwilling ; sluggish ; dull ; late.

Back'vvard, >ad. With the back forwards ; to-

BAck'waru^, ( wards the back or the past.

B.Xck'ward-ives.'3, n. State of being backward;
dulness ; tardiness.

Back'woou^-man (bak'wudz-man), 77. An in-
liabilant of a newly-settled country. [ U. S.]

Ba'con (ba'kn), 71. Hog's flesh salted and dried.

Bac'i.;-lite,7(. (Conch.) A many-chambered shell.

Bad, a. Ill ; not good ; evil ; vicious ; hurtful.

Bade (bad) [bad, S. fV. J. F. K. Sm. R. ; bad, E.].
Imperfect tense from bid. See Bid.

Badge, 77. A mark of distinction ; token ; sign.

Bad'^9 er, 7i. A quadruped : — a dealer : — a porter.

Bad'^er, 73.71. To confound ; to tease ; to vex.

BA-DlCjf'EQN [ba-dij'un, K. Sm.], n. {Arch.) A
mixture, as of plaster and freestone, to fill little
holes in sculpture: — a preparation for coloring

Bad' i-NA(iE' (bad'e-nazh'), 77. [Fr.] Light or
playful discourse ; raillery ; foolish talk.

Bad'ly, ad. In a bad manner ; not well.

B ad'ness, n. Want of good qualities.

BAF'FLE,u.a. Toeliide; to confound ; to frustrate.

Baf'tas, 7i. An Indian cloth or muslin.

Bag, 7i. A sack : — a pouch ; a purse : — an udder.

Bag v. a. To put into a bag ; to swell.

Bag, v. 77. To swell like a full bag.

BACf-A-TELLE' (bag-9-tel'), 77. [Fr.] A trifle ;
a toy : — a game |)layed on a board.

B.AG'GA(^E, 77. The luggage of an army, &c. ;
goods that are to be carried away ; luggage : — a
worthless woman.

Bagn'i5 (ban'yo), 71. [bagno. It.] ; pi. BaGN'i6§.
A bathing-house : — a brothel.

Bag'pipe, 77. A musical wind-instrument.

Bag'pip-er, 7!. One who plays on a bagpipe.

Ba-guette' (hn-^et'),7i. [Fr.] (Arch.) A little
round moulding, less than an astragal.

Bail, n. (Law.) Surety given for another's ap-
pearance in court : — the person wlio gives security.

Bail, v. a. To release by bail ; to admit to bail.

Bail'a-ble, a. Capable of being bailed.

Bail'-Bond, 77. (Law.) A bond given for ai>-
pearance in court.

BAlL-ijf:', n. (Laic.) A person to whom goods are
bailed or delivered.

Bai'liff (ba'lJO, 77. A subordinate officer in Eng-
land, appointed by a sheriff: —a steward.

Bail'1-wIck, 7(. The jurisdiction of a bailifT.

Bail'lie, 77. (Scotland) An alderman.

Bail'ment, 7i. (Law.) A delivery of goods intrust.

Bail'or, 7!. (Law.) One who bails goods.

Bail'-Piece, 77. (Law.) A slip of paper or parch-
ment containing a recognizance of bail.

Bairn (birn) or Barn, 77. A child. [Scottish.]

Bait, v. a. To put meat upon a hook: — to give
refreshment on a journey : — to attack or harass.

Bait, v. n. To take refreshment: — to flutter.

Bait, 77. A lure ; a temptation : — a refreshment.

Baize, 71. A kind of coarse, open woollen stuff.

Bake, 7'. a. To dry and harden by heat or lire ; to
cook or dress food in an oven.

Bake, v. n. To do the work of baking ; to be
heated or baked : — to become hard.

Bake'hoOse, 77. A place for baking bread.

Bak'er, n. One who bakes bread, &:c.

Bak'er-y. 7( A house for baking ; a bakehouse.

Bal'ance, n. One of the six simple powers in
mechanics : — a machine for weighing substances ;

A,E,l,O^V,\, long; X,£, 1,6, 0, \', short; A, E, 1,0, U, V, i/AiCH?-e.— FAKE, FAR, FAST, ALL; IIEIR.llEBi




a pair of scales : — tlie difference of an account : —
equilibrium ; equipoise : — the sign Libra in tlie

BXi^'ANCE, V. a. To weigh in a balance ; to regu-
late ; to counterpoise : — to make equal.

Bal'ance, t). ?i. To hesitate; to fluctuate.

Bal'co-nv "»• Bal-co'ny [bal-ko'ne, S. IV. P. J.
E. F.) bRl-ko'neorbal'ko-ne, Jfl. R. C. ; bal'ko-ne,
K. Sni. WT).], n. A frame of iron, wood, or stone,
before a window, or on the o'ltside of a house.

Bald, a. Wanting hair; wanting covering; un-
adorned ; inelegant ; mean ; naked.

Bal'der-dash, n. A rude mixture : — jargon.

Bald'ness, n. The state of being bald.

Bald'pate, n. A head destitute of hair.

Bald'rick, 71. A girdle ; a belt : — the zodiac.

Bale, n. A bundle or package of goods : — misery.

Bale, v. a. To lade out : — to pack or bundle up.

Bale'ful, a. Full of misery, sorrow, or mischief.

BaL'is-TER ibal'is-ter, Jo. K. R.; bri-lis' ter, Sm.],
n. A crossiww. See Ballisteb.

Ba-LIZE', n. [balise, Fr.] A sea-mark ; beacon.

BAlk (boiwk), n. A gre it Deam ; drawn timber :

— disappointment.

Balk (bawk), o. a. To disappoint : — to heap.

Balk'er (biwk'er), n. One who balks.

Ball, n. A round body ; a globe; a bullet : — an
entertainment of dancing.

Bal'lad, n. A song ; a small, light poem.

Bal'last, n. Heavy matter placed at the bottom
of a ship or vessel to keep it steady.

Bal'last, v. a. To make or keep steady.

Bal'let, n. [Fr.J A kind of mimic dance.

BAL-Lls'TAj-a. [L.] An ancient warlike machine
for throwing heavy stones, &;c.

Bal'lis-ter [bal'is-ter, J. K. C. ; bfi-lis'ter, Sm.],
V. [ballista, L.J An ancient warlike engine : — a

Bal-lis'tic, a. Relating to missile engines.

3al-l66n', n. A large round vessel used in chem-
istry : — a ball placed on a pillar : — a large hol-
low ball of silk, &c., filled with gas, which makes
it ascend, and sail or pass in the air.

Bal'lqt, 71. A ball or ticket used in giving votes :

— a secret mode of voting at elections : — a vote.
Bal'lqt, v. n. To vote or choose by ballot.
Bal'lqt-Box, n. A box used in balloting.
Balm (bim), n. A fragrant ointment ; a plant.
Balm' y (blm'e), a. Having the qualities of balm ;

sootliing ; fragrant ; odoriferous ; mitigating.

BXl'ne-al, a. Belonging to a bath.

fBAL'NE-A-RY, 71. A bathing-room ; a bath.

ISXl'q-tade, K. [Fr.] A peculiar leap of a horse.

Bal'sam, 71. A resinous substa?ice : — a shrub.

Bal-sam'ic, ) a. Partaking, or having the

Bal-sXm'1-c'AL, \ qualities, of balsam.

BAL'sA-MiNE,?t, (Bot.) A genus (if plants ; touch-

Bal'us-ter, 71. <^j3rch.) A small column or pilas-
ter, for supporting a rail to a flight of stairs, or on
the front of a gallery : — corruptly written banister.

Bal'us-trade, 7(. A row or range of balusters.

Bam-b66', 7i. ; j)l. bam-b66§'. A largo kind of
reed ; an Asiatic plant of the reed kind.

Bam-BOO'zi^e, u. a. To deceive. [j3 /ow worrf.]

BXn, n. Public notice : — a curse ; interdiction.

Ba-NA'NA or BA-Na'NA [bri-na'na, S. IV. J. E. F.
Sm. C. ; ba-ni'na, P. Ja. K. fVb.], n. A species
of West Indian plantain, — a plant and its fruit,
valued for food.

BXno, n. Something that binds ; a bandage ; a tie :
a cord : — a fillet ; an ornament worn about the
neck : — a company ; a crew ; a gang.

Sijii. — A band of musicians ; a company of play-
ers, &c. ; a ship's crew ; a ^ang of pickpockets.

Band, v. a. To unite together ; to unite.

BXN'D, v. n. To associate ; to unite.

BXnd'a(/e, 71. A fillet ; a roller for a wound ; band.

BXn-ijXn'na, a. Noting a kind of spotted silk
handkerchief: — written also bandana.

BXnd'box, tu a slight box used for bonnets, &c.

Ban'de-let, ) 77. (Jlrch.) A flaf moulding or fil-

BXnd'let, ( let; a band ; amulet.

BXn'uit, n. ; pi. bXn'dits. An outlaw ; a robber.

BXN-DtT'Ti (ban dit'te), n. pi. [If.J A company
of outlaws or robbers. It is commonly used as a
collective noun ; as, " a fierce banditti."

Ban'd5g,_7)^ ,\ kind of large dog.

BAN-D9-L£!iLR', 71. A small case for powder.

BXjv-d5re', n. A musical instrument ; pandore.

BXnd'rol, 77. A little flag or streamer.

Ban'dy, 71. A club for striking a ball : — a play.

BXn'dv, v. a To beat to and fro ; to exchange ; to
give and take reciprocally ; to toss about.

Ban'dy-leg, 77. A crooked leg.

Ban'dv-legged (-legd), a. Having crooked legs.

Bane, 77. A deadly poison: — that which destroys
or ruins ; a pest ; ruin : — a disease in sheep.

fBANE, V. a. To poison. Shak.

Bane'fOl, a. Poisonous ; destructive ; noxious.

Bang, v. a. To beat ; to thump ; to handle roughly.

Bang, ti. A blow ; a thump : — a plant.

BXn-Ian' (ban-yan') [ban-yan', S. fV. J. F. Ja.
Sm. ; ban'ne-an, P.J, ti. A light morning-gown :
— a Hindoo religious sect: — an Indian fig-tree.

BXn-ian' (ban-yan'), a. (JVaut.) Noting days in
which seamen have no meat.

BXn'ish, v. a. To condenm to leave one's own
country ; to drive away ; to exile ; to expel.

St/ti. — Banished to a foreign country ; exiled
from home ; expelled from college or society.

Ban'ish-misnt, 77. The act of Ijanishing ; exile.

BXn'IS-TER, 71. A pilaster. See Baluster.

Bank, 77. Any steep acclivity rising from a river,
sea, &c. ; a shoal; any heap piled uj) : — an es-
tablishment for keeping and issuing money.

Bank, v. a. To enclose with banks ; to lay up.

BXnk'-Bill or Bank'-Note, 77. A promissory-
note issued by a banking company.

Bank'er, 71. One who keeps a bank.

Bank'ing, n. The management of banks.

Banic'rupt, a. Unable to pay ; insolvent.

BXnk'rijpt, 77. A trader unable to pay his debts,
and subjected to the law of bankruptcy.

BXnic'rupt-cy, 77. The state of a bankrupt; in-
ability to pay all debts ; insolvency.

Syn. — Act of bankruptcy ; state of insolvency ;
failure in business.

BXnk'-Stock, 77. Stock or capital in a bank.

BXn'ner, 77. A piece of drapery at tlie end of a
pole ; a military standard or flag ; a streamer.

Ban'nered (ban'nerd),/). a. Displaying banners.

Ban'ner-et, 77. A knight made in the field of

BXn'ner-ol, n. A little flag ; a bandrol.

Ban'nock, 77. A cake made of barley -meal.

Bann§, n. pi. The proclamation in a church of an
intended marriage.

Ban'quet, n. [Fr.J A grand entertainment of
eating or dnnking ; a. feast.

Ban'quet, v. a. To treat with a banquet or feast.

Ban'quet, «. n. To feast ; to give a feast.

Ban'quet-ing, 77. The act of feasting.

BAn-uuette' (bang-ket'), n. [Fr.J {Fortifica-
tion.) A small bank at the foot of the parapet.

UXx'siliiii, 77. A kind of Irish fairy. See Benshie.

Ban'tam, a. Noting a species of small dunghill
fowl with feathered shanks.

Ban'ter, v. a. To play upon ; to rally ; to jeer,

Ban'ter, 77.. Light ridicule ; raillery ; joke.

BXnt'ling, n. A little child ; an infant.

BXn-yXn', n. The Indian fig-tree. See Banian.

UXp'ti^M, 77. A rite of the Christian church

Bap-ti^'mal, a. Pertaining to baptism.

BXp'tist, 77. One who baptizes: — one of a re-
ligious denomination that denies the validity 01
infant baptism, and practises immersion.

BXp'Tis-TiiR-v, n. A font or place for baptism.

BAP-Tis'Tl-CAL, a. Relating to baptism.

Baptize', v. a. To immerse in water; to ad-
minister baptism to ; to christen.

Bap-tIz'er, 77. One who baptizes.

MlEN, SIRj MOVE, NiJR, SON; bOlL, BUR, ROLE. — f, 9, *, «o/£ ; e, G,C,^,hard ! ^atz- Jfasgz: THIS.
10 * G




BSr, m. a !o ig piece of wood or metal : — what is
laid across .- passage to hinder entrance ; a bolt ;
obstruction ; a gate : — a rock or bank of sand at
the entrance of a harbor : — a tribunal ; the place
Ln courts of law where lawyers plead, or where
criminals stand : — the body of lawyers : — an
enclosed place in a tavern. — (Mus.) A line or
space marked otf by a line.

Bar, v. a. To fasten with a bar ; to hinder ; to
prevent ; to prohibit : — to shut out ; to exclude.

Barb, n. Any thing resembling a beard : — a point
that stands bac-twaid in an arrow or fish-hook : —
armor for horses •, — a Barbary horse.

Barb, D. a. To furnish horses with armor; to jag.

Bar'ba-can, n. A fortification before the walls
of a town : — a fortress at the end of a bridge : —
an opening in a wall for guns : — written also

Bar-ba'ri-an, n. A rude or uncivilized person.

Bar-ba'ri-an, a. Uncivilized ; savage.

Bar-bXk'ic, a. Foreign ; uncivilized ; barbarous.

Bar'ea-ri^M, n. Inhumanity ; ignorance of arts ;
brutality ; cruelty : — an impropriety of speech.
See Solecism.

Bar-Bar'i-ty, n. Savageness ; cruelty ; barbarism.

Bar'bar-Ize, v. a. To render barbarous.

Bar'bar-Ize, v. n. '. o commit a barbarism.

BAR'BAR-Otjs, a. Rude; uncivilized; cruel; in-
human : — contrary to good use in language.

Bar'bar-ous-ness, n. State of being barbarous,

Bar'bate, a. (Bot.) Having hairs ; bearded.

Bar'BAT-ed, p. a. Jagged with points ; bearded.

Bar'be-cOe, ji. A hog or ox dressed whole.

Bar'be-c JE, V. a. To dress a hog or ox whole.

Barb'ed (b'.ir'bed or barbd), p. a. Having barbs.

Bar'bel (bir'bi), 71. A river fish: — superfluous
fleshy knots in the mouth of a horse.

Bar'ber, n. One whose trade it is to shave.

Bar'ber-ry, 7!. A shrub and its acid fruit.

Qar'bet, n. A species of dog : — a small worm.

Bar'BI-caN, n. A watchtowcr. See Barbacan.

Bard, n. A poet ; a minstrel ; a Celtic minstrel.

Bard'ic, a. Relating to bards or poets.

Bard'ling, n. An inferior bard.

Bare, a. Naked ; wanting clothes ; uncovered : —
unadorned ; poor ; indigent ; scanty ; mere

Syn. — Bare ground ; bare feet ; naked iiolds ;
uncovered plants ; bare recital ; unadorned narra-
tive ; foor accommodations ; indigent circum-
stances ; scanty supply ; mere attendance.

Bare, v. a. To strip ; to uncover.

Bare'faced (bir'fast), a. Shameless; impudent.

Bare'faced-ly (bir'fast-le), ad. Impudently.

Bare'faced-ness (bir'fiist-nes), n. Eflrontory.

Bare'foot (bir'fut), a. Having no shoes on.

UaRE'foot (bAr'fut), ad. Without shoes.

Bare'head-ed (bir'hed-ed), a. With the head
bare ; uncovered out of respect. [ly.

Bare'ly, ad. Nakedly ; without decoration ; more-

Bare'ness, n. State of being bare ; nakedness.

Bar'&ain (bar'gin), v. A contract ; a verbal
agreement ; the thing bought or sold ; stipulation.

Bar'gain (bar'^in), v. n. To make a contract.

BAR-GAJN-Ei;', n. One who accepts a bargain.

Bar'gain-er, h. One who makes a bargain.

Bar-Gain-oe', n. (Law.) One who sells to an-
other, called the bargainee.

BaR(^e, n. A boat for pleasure or for burden.

BXr^^e'man, 71. The manager of a barge.

BaR(^e'mAs-ter, n. The owner of a barge.

Ba-ril'la, 71. A plant from the ashes of which
alkali is obtained : — impure carbonate of soda.

Ba'rj-Om, 71. (Ckem.) The metallic base of baryta.

Bark, n. Tlie rind of a tree : — a small ship.

Bark, v. a. To strip trees of their bark.

b'ARK, V. n. To make the noise of a dojj.

Bark'ing, n. Noise or act of one that harks.

Bar'ley (bir'le), n. Grain used in rnakinj; beer.

Bar'ley-brake, 71,. A rural play or game.

Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 10 of 127)