Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

. (page 104 of 127)
Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 104 of 127)
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Su-pe'ri-or, a. Higher ; greater ; preferable.
Sy-PE'Ri -OR, 77. One who is above anotlier.
Sy-PE-Ri-oR'l-TY, 77. Preeminence; higher rank.
Sy-PER'LA-TivE, a. Implying tlie highest degree
Sij-per'la-tive ly, ad. In the highest degree.
Su-PER'la-TIVE-ness, n. Superlative quality,
Su-PER-l.u'NAR, jo. Above the moon; not of
Su-per-eO'na-rv, \ this world,
Sy-PJER'NAL, a. Placed above ; celestial.
SO-pi:r-na'tant, a. Swimming on the top.
Su-PER-NAT'y-RAL, a. Being above the powers

of nature ; miraculous. See Preternatural.
Su-PER-NAT'y-RAL-i§ivi,77. The doctrine of super-
natural influence, agency, or power.
Su-PER-NAT'y-RAL-isT, 77. One who believes in

supernatural influence or agency.
Su-PER-NAT'y-RAL-LY, ad. Above nature's power.
Su PER-Nu'ME-RA-RY, a. Above a Stated number.
SO-PER-NU'ME-RA-RV, 77. A person or thing

above the stated, usual, or required number.
Super-roy'al, a. Superior to royal; noting a

kind of paper larger than royal.
Sr''PER-SAT-,T, 17. A salt with an excess of acid.
Su-PER-sST'y-RATE, v. a. To saturate to excess,
Su-per-scribe', v.' a. To write or subscribe on

the outside ; to direct or address, as a letter.
Su-PER-scRiP'TlQN, 71. A writing on the outside

of a letter, or upon sometliing ; direction.
Su-PER-sEc'y EAR, a. Being above the world.



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StJ-PER-SEDE', V. a. 'J"o make void ; to set aside.

Sv-per-se' l>E-AS,n. [L.J (Law.) A writ con-
taining a command to stay proceedings.

SO-PER-SED')iRE, n. Act of superseding.

SO-PER-STl"TioN (sii-per-stisli'un), n. A false or
spurious religion or worsiiip ; excessive exactness
or rigor in religious opinions or practice ; weak
credulity.

Su-PER-STi"TlON-TsT, n. A Superstitious i)erson.

S0-PER-STi"TiOVS (su-per-stTsli'us), a. Addicted
to superstition ; weakly scrupulous.

Su-PER-STi"Tioi;s-LY, ad. With superstition.

SO-PER-STl"Tloys-NESS, n. Superstition.

SO-per-stra'tum, n. A stratum above another.

Su-PER-STRUCT', V. a. To build upon any thing.

SO-PER-STRUC'TlpN, 11. An edifice raised on any
thing ; superstructure.

Sfl-PER-STRric'TiVE, fl. Built On Something else.

Su-PER-STRUCT'ijRE (-striikt'yur), 71. That which
is built on a foundation ; an edifice.

Su-PER-VENE', V. n. To come in unexpectedly.

SO-Per-ve'ni-ent, a. Added ; additional.

Stl-PER-VEN'TIQN, n. The act of supervening.

SO-PER-vi'§AL, n. Inspection; supervision.

Su-per-vIse', v. a. To overlook; to superintend.

Su-PER-vi''siON (su-per-vizh'un), n. Inspection.

Sfi-PER-vi'^'oR, 71. Aii overseer; an inspector

SO-PER-vT'sp-RY, a. Practising supervision.

SO-Per-vTve', D. 7i. To overlive ; to outlive. [R.\

SO-P]-na'tion, 7(. State of being supine.

Su-pine', a. Lying with the face upward : — neg-
ligent ; careless ; indolent ; drowsy

SO'PiNE, 7!. {Lat. Oram.) A kind of verbal noun

Sl'-pine'ly, ad. With the face upward ; drowsily.

Sy-PiNE'NESS, 71. The state of being supine.

SCiP'PER, n. One who sups: — the last meal of
the day ; the evening repast.

Sup'per-less, a. Destitute of supper.

Syp-PLANT', V. a. To displace by stratagem ; to
take the place of; to turn out ; to set aside.

Svp-plant'er, n. One who supplants.

SuP'PLE, a. Easily bent ; pliant ; /ej:!4;e ; yield-
ing ; soft ; fawning.

SBp'ple, v. n. To grow soft ; to grow pliant.

SOp'ple-ment, 71. An addition to supply defects

Srjp'PLEMiiNT, 7). a. To supply ; to add.

StiP-PLE-MENT'AL, ) a. Relating to or containmg

Sup-ple-ment'a-ry, ( a supplement ; additional

SDP'PLE-Ni5ss, n. Pliantness ; flexibility ; facility.

Sup'ple-to-ry, a. Supplementary.

Sup'PLi-ANT, a. Entreating; beseeching.

SC'P'PLI-ANT, 77. A petitioner; a supplicant.

SriP'PLl-ANT-LV, ad. In a submissive manner.

SuP'PLJ-CANT, 7!. One who supplicates.

SuP'PLl-CANT, «. Entreating; petitioning.

SuP'PLi-CATE, V. n. To make a supplication ; to
implore ; to entreat ; to beg.

Sijp-pli-ca'tion, ?(. A humble petition; entreaty.

SriP'PLi-CA-TQ-RY, a. Petitionary; entreating.

Sup-plI'er, 77. One who supplies.

SiiP-PLv', 71 a. To fill up ; to afford ; to furnish.

Sup-PL\', 11. Relief of want ; sufficiency; stock;
store ; fund : — a sum or something granted or fur-
nished ; grant ; subsidy.

SlJP-PORT', V. a. To sustain ; to bear ; to bear up ;
to endure; to uphold ; to favor; to maintain.

Syp-PORT', II. A prop : — a maintenance ; a supply.

Siip-port'a BLE, a. Endurable; tolerable.

Syp-PORT'A-BLE-NESS, 71. State of being tolerable.

SVP-Port'er, 7!. One who supports ; a sustainer.

!5tJP-P5s'A-BLE, a. That may be supposed.

Syp-PO^'AL, n. Supposition. Skak. [R.]

Svp-p6§e', v. a. To assume or admit without
proof ; to imagine ; to believe ; to think.

Stjp-PO^'ER, n. One who supposes.

SrjP-Pp-§l"TiON (sup-pg-zTsh'yn), 7). Act of sup-
posmg ; that which is supposed ; conjecture ; a
guess; a surmise; hypothesis: opinion.

BCP-PP-§i"TlON-AL, a. Implying supposition.

St;P-Po^l-Tl"Tl6iJS (sup-po7,-e-tIsh'us), a. Not
genuine; counterfeit ; supposed : not real.



Sup-po§-i-tT"tious-ly, ad. By supposition.

Sup-p6|-i-Ti"Tious-NESS, 77. Spuriousness.

Sl'p-p6§'i TtVE, a. Supposed; suppositional.

Syp-Pol'i-Ti VE, 77. A word implying supposition,

SvP-PO^'i-TlVE-LY, ad. Upon supposition.

SyP-PRESs', V. a. To overpower and crush ; to sub-
due ; to quell : — to restrain ; to stifle ; to conceal.

Sup PRES'sipN (sup-presh'un), 77. Act of suppress-
ing ; the thing suppressed : — concealment.

Sup-PRES'siVE, a. Suppressing; concealing.

Syp-PRESS'pR, 77. One who suppresses.

SDp'pu-rate, v. a. To generate pus or matter in.

srip'py-RATE, V. 77. To generate or form pus.

Srjp-py-RA'TlON, 77. Act of suppurating; pus.

STip'py-RA T'lVE, a. Digestive; generating pus.

SuP'py-RA-TiVE, 77. A suppurating medicine

SO' PRA, [L.] A Latin preposition, used in com-
jiosition, and signifying above or before.

Sil-PRA-MijN'DANE, a. Above the world.

Su-pra-nXt'u-ral-i^m, 77. Supeniaturalism

Su-pra-nXt'u-ral-ist, 71. A supernaturalist.

SO pra-or'BI-tal, a. Above the orbit.

Sy-PREM'A-cy, 77. State of being supreme ; high-
est place; highest authority; sovereignty.

Sy-PREME', a. Highest in dignity and power.

Sy-PREME'LY, ad. in the highest degree.

Su'ral, a. Being in the calf of the leg.

SiJR'BASE, 71. {Arch.) A conuce or moulding
above the base of a pediment, &c. ; upper base.

Sur-base'ment, 77. {Arch.) The trait of an arch
which describes a portion of an ellipse.

fSuR-cisASE', V. 11. To be at an end ; to cease.

SyR-CHAR^fE', V. a. To overload ; to overburden.

SyR-CHAR(jrE', 77. An excessive load or charge.

SyR-CHAR(^'ER, 77. One who overburdens.

SUr'cIn-gle, 77. A girth ; a girdle of a cassock.

SliR'cLE, 77. A shoot ; a twig ; a sucker.

SiJR'coAT, 77. A short coat worn over the dress.

SiJRD, a. {Arith.) Not expressed by any term;
incommensurable ; as, a surd number.

SiJRD, 77. An incommensurable or irrational num-
ber or quantity

*SlIRE (shur, 92) [shur, S. F. Ja. K. Sm. ; shur,
W. P. .1. £. I, a. Certain ; unfailing ; infallible ;
confident; uiidoubting ; safe; firm; steady.

*SOre (slmr), ad. Certainly ; without doubt.

*SOre'foot-ed (shiir'fut-ed), a. Not stumbling.

*SlIRE'L Y (shur'le), ad. Certainly ; without doubt.

+SOre'ness (sliur'nes), n. Certainty ; surety.

*StJRE'TV (shur'te), 77. State of being sure ; cer-
tainty ; safety : — security against loss or dam-
age : — one who gives security ; a hostage ; a bail ;
guarantee ; a pledge.

*SilRE'T y-shTp, 77. Office or state of a surety.

Surf, 77. The swell of the sea that breaks on the
shore ; a wave cresting into foam.

SI'R'face, 77. The superficies ; the outside.

SiiR'FEiT (slir'fit), 7). a. To feed to excess ; to cloy.

SiiR'PElT (siir'fjt), V. n. To be fed to satiety.

SiiR'FEiT (sUr'fit), 77. Excess in eating ; satiety.

SiiR'FElT-ER (sUr'fit-er), 77. One who surfeits.

Sur'feit-Wa'ter, 77. Water that cures surfeits.

SiiRfjJE, 71. A swelling sea ; a wave ; a billow.

SiJRGE, 7). 71. To swell ; to rise high.

SiJR'f^EON (siir'jun), 77. A professor of surgery ;
one who practises surgery. See Physician.

Si!R'(j^EpN-CY, 77. Oflice of surgeon in the army.

SiJR'(rER-v, 77 That part of the healing art which
relates to external diseases and their treatment ;
art of curing by hand, by instruments, or externall
applications.

SiiR'91-CAL, a. Pertaining to surgery.
SiJR'ijJY, a. Full of surges ; rising in billows.
SiJR'Ll-LV, ad. In a surly manner. '
Si'R'Ei-ivEss, 71. Moroseness ; sour anger.
Si'R'L5iN,7i. The loin of beef : — written alsosiWoiTi,
SiiR'LV, a. Morose; rough; uncivil; sour; sulky.
SyR-ivii§E', 7) a. To suspect; to conjecture; to

fancy ; to imagine: — to hint ; to intimate.
SyR-MlSE', 77. An imperfect notion ; a suspicion.
SyR-MT§'ER, 71. One who surmises.



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ByR-MoONT', V, a. To rise above ; to conquer ; to
overcome ; to surpass ; to exceed.

SVR-Moufs'T'A-BLE, a. Conquerable; superable.

SyR-MOUNT'ER, 7!. One who suriiiounts.

Sur-mDl'let, n. A fish, esteemed a delicacy.

SiiR'NAME, n. The family name of a person.

SUR-NAME', V. a. To naiiie by an appellation.

SUR-PASS', V. a. To excel ; to exceed ; to go
beyond ; to transcend ; to outdo.

Sur-pass'a-ble, a. That may be excelled.

SVR-PASS'iNe, p. a. Excellent in a liigh degree.

SUR-PASS'iNG-L Y, ad. In a very excellent manner.

Sur'plice, ji. A clergyman's white garment.

Sur'plice-Fee^', Ji.pl. Fees paid to the clergy.

Sur'plus, n. An overplus ; remaining part.

Sur'plDs-acj^e, n. Overplus; surplus.

SuR-PRi'^AL, 71. Act of surprising ; surprise.

Sur-pri^e', n. Act of surprising ; act of taking
unawares: — wonder; sudden confusion; aston-
ishment ; amazement.

Surprise', v. a. To take unawares: — to as-
tonish; to impress with wonder.

SUR-PRl^'iNG, p. a. Wonderful; astonishing.

Svr-prT?'!ng-LV, ad. In a surprising manner.

SCr're-but, v. n. (Law.) To reply as a plaintiff
to a defendant's rebutter. [butter.

SOr-re-bOt'ter, 71. (Law.) Answer to a re-

Sur're-join, v. n. (Law.) To reply as a plaintiff
to a defendant's rejoinder.

SDr-RE-jc)Tn'deb, n. An answer to a rejoinder.

Sur-REN'der, v. a. To give up; to deliver up:
to relinquish ; to abandon.

Sur-rEn'der, v. n. To lay down arms ; to yield.

Sur-REN'der, n. Act of surrendering ; a yielding.

SvR-REN'drv, 71. Same as surrender.

Sur-rep'tion, 7(. A secret invasion or intrusion.

SuR-REP-Ti''Tlous (sur-rep-tish'us), a. Done by
stealth ; obtained or produced fraudulently.

SuR-REP-Ti"Tioi;s-LY, ad. By Stealth ; by fraud.

Sur'ko-gate, v. a. To put in the place of another.

SCr'ro-gate, v. a deputy ; a delegate. — (JV. Y.
4" JV. J.) A judge of probate.

Sur-RoOnd', v. a. To encompass ; to enclose.
St/h. — Surrounded by walls, by dangers, &c. ;
enclosed by walls ; encompassed by dangers.

Sur-roOnd'ing, p. a. Being on all sides.

SUR-soL'iD, 71. The fifth power of any number.

Svr-tout' (sur-tot'), 71. [Fr. ] An outside coat.

Surveillance (siSr-vaVyans'), n. Act of in-
specting ; oversight ; superintendence.

Sur-vey' (sur-va'), v. a. To view ; to oversee.

Sur'vey (siir'va or sur-va', 114) [sur'va, S. P. J.
F. Ja. Sm. R. Wb. ; sur-va', E. K. ; sur-va' or
sur'va, fV.], n. An attentive view ; prospect: —
act of surveying ; result of surveying ; mensu-
ration.

Svr-vey'al (sur-va'^l), n. The same as survey.

Svr-vey'ing (sur-va'ing), 71. The art or act of
measuring land ; survey.

Sur-vey'or (sur-va'gr), 71. One who surveys; an
overseer: — a measurer of land. — Surveyor-gen-
eral, a principal surveyor ; a public officer.

Svr-vey'qr-ship (sur-va'or-ship), n. Office of a
surveyor.

Sur-vI'val, 1 71. State or act of outliving an-

Sur-vI'vance, ( other ; survivorship.

Sur-v^ve', v. a. & 71. To outlive ; to remain alive.

Slir-viv'ing, p. a. Outliving others.

SyR-vi'voR, 71. One who outlives or survives.

SvR-vI'voR-SHfp, 71. State of outliving another.

Svs-cep-ti-bil'i-tv, 71. State of being suscep-
tible ; sensibility ; feeling.

Sys-CEP'Ti-BLE, a. Capable of admitting; feel-
ing; tender; sensitive; sensible.

Si;s-cep'T!-ble-n£ss, 71. Susceptibility.

Svs-CEP'TjVE, a. Susceptible ; admitting.

SOs-CEP-Tiv'i-TV, 71. Susceptibility. [iJ.]

St;s-clP'!-EN-cv,7i. Reception ; admission. [R.]

Svs-c(p'i-ENT, 71. One who admits or receives.

Sys-cfP't-ENT, a. Receiving ; admitting, [r.]

fSOs-ci-TA'TlQN, n. Resuscitation.



Sys-PfiCT', V. a. To have suspicion of; to mis-
trust ; to think guilty ; to apprehend ; to doubt.

Sus-pi2CT', V. n. To imagine guilt ; to fear.

Svs-pect'a-ble, a. That may be suspected.

Sys-PECT'ED-NESS, 71. State of being suspected.

Sys-PECT'ER, 71. One who suspects.

Sys-PiiND', V. a. To hang ; to interrupt ; to delay ;
to hinder : — to keep in suspense or uncertainty :

— to deprive of office or rank for a time.
Sys-PEND'ER, n. One who suspends or delays. —

PI. Straps to sustain a garment.
Sys-PiJNSE', 7j. Uncertainty; indecision; a stop.
Sys-PEN'sioN, 71. Act of suspending; state of

being suspended ; a cessation ; suspense : — a tem-
porary privation of an office or station.
Sys-PEN'siVE, a. Doubtful.
Sys-PEN'sp-RY, a. Suspending ; doubtful.
Sys-pi"ciQN (sus-pish'un), n. Act of suspecting;

want of confidence ; jealousy ; mistrust.
Sys-pf"cioys(sus-pisli'us),a. Inclined to suspect ;

liable to suspicion ; causing suspicion ; distrustful.
Sys-pl"cioys-LY, ad. In a suspicious manner.
Sys-pi"cioys-NiiSS, 71. Tendency to suspicion.
Sys-pi'RAL, 71. A breathing-hole ; a ventiduct.
SDs-PI-ra'TIQN, 71. The act of sighing; a sigh.
Sys-PiRE', V. a. To sigh ; to fetch a deep breath.
Sys-TAIN', V. a. To bear ; to hold up ; to uphold ;

to support ; to maintain ; to help ; to endure.
Sys-TA1N'A-BL.E, a. Capable of being sustained.
Sys-TAIN'ER, n. One who sustains or supports.
Sys-TAIN'MENT, 71. Sustentation. Milton. [R.]
SiJs'TE-NANCE, 7i. That which sustains life ; sub"

sistence ; maintenance ; food ; victuals.
SijS-TEN-TA'TION, 71. Support; maintenance.
SO'tile, a. Done by stitching ; sewed.
SDt'ler, 77. One who follows an army ae a seller

of provisions and liquor.
Sut-tMe', n. (India.) A widow who is burnt on

the funeral pile of her deceased husband: — the

self-immolation of a widow.
SyT-TEii'i§M, 71. The practice of burning wives

on the funeral piles of their husbands.
SOT'y-RAL, a. Relating to a suture or seam.
Sij'TyR-isRAND, 71. (Min.) A variety of lignite.
SDT'yRE (sut'yur), 71. A sewing up of wounds, &.C. ;

a stitching ; a seam : — a junction of bones.
Su'ZE-RAlN, n. [Fr.] A feudal lord or baron.
Sll'ZE-RAIN-TY, 77. [suzerainte, Fr.] Feudal au

thority or sovereignty ; lordship.
Swab (swob), 71. A kind of mop to clean floors.
Swab (swob), v. a. To clean wUh a mop.
Swab'ber (svv5b'ber), ?!. A sweeper of the deck.
Swad'dle (swod'di), v. a. To swathe ; to bind.
Swad'dle (swSd'dl), 77. Clothes bound tight.
Swad'dling-BAnd, ) 77. A cloth wrapped round
Swad'dling-Cloth, \ an infant.
SwlG, V. n. To sink down by its own weight;

to sag.
SwAg'-bEl-LIED (-lid), a. Having a large belly.
fSWA(^E,t). a. To assuage. Milton. See As?uagb.
Swag'jSER, 77. An empty boast ; a bluster,
SwXg'ger, v. n. To bluster ; to bully ; to brag.
SwXg'jGER-er, 77. A blusterer; a turbulent fellow.
SwAg'gy, a. Dependent by its weight.
SwAiN, 77. A young man ; a pastoral youth ; a

rustic ; a country laborer : — a lover.
Swale, 77. A low tract of land ; a vale. {Local.]
Swale, v. n. & a. To waste; to blaze away; to

melt, as a candle ; to consume.
Swal'lo w (swol'lo), 71. A small bird of passage :

— the t^iroat: —voracity : — a gulp.
SwAL'LOW (swol'lo), V. a. To take down th«

throat ; to absorb ; to take in ; to engross.
Sw.\M, i. From Swim.

Swamp (swSmp), 71. A marsh ; a bog ; a fen.
Swamp (swomp), v. a. To whelm or sink: — to

embarrass ; to entangle with difficulties.
SWAMP'Y (swom'pe), a. Boggy; fenny; marshy.
Swan (sw6n), 71. A large water-fowl.
Swan'^'-uovVn (swonz'dbwn), 71. A fine, soft,

thin, woollen cloth.



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Swan'sikYn (swon'skTn), n. A warm flannel: —

a very thick, coarse woollen cloth.
Swap (swop), v. a. To barter. See Swop.
Swap (swop), n. [tA blowj ; exchange ; swop.
Swap (swop), ad. Hastily, witli hasty violence.
Sward, ji. The grassy surface of land ; turf.
•fSwARE, i. From Srcear. Swore. See Swear.
Swarm, n. A multitude of bees, &c. : — a crowd.
Swarm, v. n. & a. To rise, as bees: — to appear

in multitudes : — to crowd ; to press ; to tiirong.

liw^oi^u !«• Black ; brown ; swarthy. Shak.

|o W A K 1 H, )

SwARTH'!-L,Y, arf. Blackly; duskily; tawnily.
SWARTH'l-NESS, n. Darkness of complexion.
Swarth'y, a. Dark of complexion ; black ; tawny.
Swash (swosh), 7t. (^rch.) An oval figure : — a

noise ; a violent impulse of water.
Swash (swosh), Swash'y (svvosh'e), a. Soft.
Swash (swosh), v. n. To bluster ; to splash.
Swash'buck-ler (swosh-), M. A bully. Milton.
Swash'er (swosh'er), n. A blusterer.
Swath (swoth) [swoth, P. K. Sm. fVb. ; swath,

E. ; swath, Ja.], n. A line of grass or com, cut

down with a scythe : — a band ; fillet.
Swathe, ?(. A bandage; a band ; a fillet.
Swathe, v. a. To bind with bands ; to confine.
Sway, v. a. To wield; to bias; to govern; to

rule ; to control ; to direct.
Sway, v. n. To have weight ; to bear rule.
Sw^ay, ?i. Power; rule; influence; direction.
SwjEAL, V. a. & n. To singe or burn, as hair:

— to melt. See Swale.

Swear (swir), v. n. [i. swore ; fp. swearing,
SWORN.] To declare or promise upon oath.

Swear (sw4r), v. a. To bind by an oath.

Sweak'er (swir'er), n. One who swears.

SwE A R'lNG, 71. Act of declaring upon oath.

Sweat, 71. Perspiration; a fluid: — labor; toil.

Sweat (swet), v. n. [i. sweat, swet, or sweat-
ed; pp. sweating, sweat, swet, or sweated ]
To emit moisture ; to perspire; to swelter: — to
toil ; to labor ; to drudge.

Sweat (swet), II. a. To emit as sweat; to make
to sweat ; to swelter.

Sweat' ER (swet'er), n. One who sweats.

Sweat'i-ness, n. State of being sweaty.

Sweat'y, a. Covered or moist with sweat.

Swe'dish, 71. The language of the Swedes.

Swe'dish, a. Relating to Sweden or the Swedes.

Sweep, v. a. [i. swept; pp. sweeping, swept.]
To move, clear, or clean with a broom ; to brush :

— to drive off at once.

Sweep, v. n. To pass with violence or pomp.

Sweep, 71. The act of sweeping; a dash: — an
engine for drawing water ; swipe.

Swijiip'ER, 71. One who sweeps.

Swijisp'iNG, p. a. Driving or brushing away: —
involving great number or extent.

Swiiisp'iNa^, n. pi. Things swept away.

SwiJiiP'STAKES, n. sing. {Oaming- or Horse-ra-
cing.) One who wins all : — a prize in a horse-
race, made up of several stakes.

SwjJET, a. Pleasing to any sense ; not sour ; sac-
charine ; fragrant : — mild ; soft ; gentle ; grateful.

SwEiiT, 7i. Sweetness; something pleasing.

Sweet'bread, 71. The pancreas of a calf.

SwEi2T'BRi-ER, 72. A fragrant shrub; eglantine.

Sweet'en (swS'tn), v. a. To make sweet.

SwiiET'EN (swe'tn), V. n. To grow sweet.

SwiiiLT'EN-ER (swe'tn-er),7i. Whatever sweetens.

SwEiiT'EN-iNG (swe'tii-ing, 71. Act of making
sweet : — that which sweetens.

SwEiiT'-FERN, 71. A small, aromatic shrub.

Sweist'heart, n. A lover or mistress.

Sweet'ing, n. A sweet, luscious apple.

SWEET'isH,a. Somewhat sweet.

Sweet'ly, ad. In a sweet manner; gently.

Sweet'meat, n. Fruit preserved with sugar.

Sweijt'ness, n. duality of being sweet.

Bweet'-po-ta't6, 7i. An esculent root.

Sweet-Wil'liam, 71. A garden flower.



Sweet-Wil'low (swet-wll'lo), n. A plant.

Swell, 7>. n. [<. swelled ; pp. SWELLING, SWELLEU,

SWOLLEN, or swt)LN. J To grow large or turgid ; to

tumefy ; to look big ; to be inflated.
SwiJLL, v.a. To make tumid ; to heighten.
Swell, 7!. An extension of bulk ; an increase.
SWELL'iNG, 7i. Act of enlarging in bulk ; inflation :

— a morbid tumor ; a protuberance.
SWEL'TER, V. n. To suflier heat ; to sweat.
Swel'ter, v. a. To parch, or oppress with heat.
Swel'try, a. Suffocating with heat; sultry.
Swept, I. & p. From Sweep.
Swerve, v. n. To wander ; to deviate ; to bend.
SwERV'lNG, n. A departure from rule or duty.
Swet, i. & p. From Sweat.
Swift, a. Uuick ; fleet; nimble; rapid; ready.
Swift, n. A bird like a swallow ; a marten : — a

species of lizard ; a small reptile. [footed.

SwiFT'-FOOT (swift'fut), a. Nimble; swift-
SwiFT'-FOOT-ED (-fut-ed), a. Swift of foot.
SwTft'lv, ad. Fleetly ; rapidly ; nimbly.
SwTft'ness, 7!. Speed; nimbleness ; celerity;

rapidity ; quickness.
Swig, v. n. & a. To drink greedily. \Low.]
SwTg, 77. A large draught. [Vulgar.]
Swill, v. a. To drink grossly ; to drench.
Swill or SwIll'ing§, 77. Wash given to swine.
Swi'll'er, n. A gross drinker ; a drunkard.
Swim, t;. 7i. \i. swam or swum; pp. swimming,

swuM.J To float on the water ; to move in the

water ; to glide along : — to be dizzy.
SwTm, v. a. To pass by swimming.
SwTm, n. A motion in liquid ; a sliding motion.
SwTm'mer, 71. One who swims.
Swiw'MiNG,7i. Act of floating on or in the water*
SwTM'MiNG-LY,ad. With great success ; smoothly.
Swin'dle, v. a. To cheat in trSde ; to defraud.
SwTn'dler, 77. One who swindles ; a cheat.
Swine, li. sing. & pi. A hog; a pig: — hogs

collectively.
SwiNE'HERD, 77. A keeper of hogs.
SwiNE'-Pox, 77. {Med.) The chicken-pox.
Swine'-STY, n. A sty or pen for swine ; pigsty.
Swing, 73. 77. [i. swung ; pp. swinging, swung.] To

wave to and fro, hanging loosely ; to vibrate ; to

oscillate.
Swing, v. a. To make to play loosely ; to wave.
Swing, 77. A waving motion ; free course : — an

apparatus for swinging.
Swinge, v. a. To whip ; to bastinado ; to punish.
SwiN'c^EL, 77. That part of a flail which swings,

or which beats out the grain ; swipple.
Swing' ER, n. One who swings ; a hurler.
SwiN'^ER, 77. A great falsehood. [Low.]
SwTng'ing, a. Vibrating ; waving to and fro.
SwlN'(;tiNG (swTn'jing), a. Great ; huge.
Swin'(^1ng-ly, ad. Vastly ; greatly.
SwTn'gle, 77. A wooden instrument or knife bf

which flax is beaten: — called also swingling

knife, staff, or wand.
Swin'gle, v. a. To beat, as flax.
Swin'GLE, v. 7J._ To dangle.
SwiN'GLE-TREE, 7!. Whippletree.
SwI'nish, a. Befitting swine ; gross ; brutal.
Swipe, 7j. An engine or long pole for drawing^

water; a sweep.
Swipes, 77. B£(d small-beer. [^Local.]
Swip'PLE, 77. The part of a flail by which grain

is struck ; swingel. Farm. Encyc.
Swiss, 71. A native of Switzerland : — the languagt*

of Switzerland.
Swiss, a. Of or belonging to Switzerland.
Switch, 77. A small, flexible twig: — a movable

rail or contrivance for transferring cars from one

track of a railroad to another.
Switch, v. a. To lash ; to whip ; to jerk.
Switch, v. n. To walk with a kind of jerk.
Switch'man, 71. One who manages a switch.
Swi'v'EL (swiv'vl), 77. A ring which turns upon a

staple : — a small cannon, turning on a swivel.
Swob, 71. & v. See Swab.



i, E, 1, 0, U, Y, long ; 1, E, T, o, D, v, short ; A, E, }, Q, y, Y , obscure.— rkRB, FAR, FAST, ALL; h£iR, HERj.



SYM



403



SYN



SwoL'i.EN (swo'ln), p. From Swell.

Swoon, v. n. To faint. — n. A fainting fit.

Swoop, v. a. To seize at once ; to catch up.

Swoop, n. A seizing upon, as a bird of prey.

Swop, n. An exchange ; a barter. \Lov>.\

Swop, v. a. To exchange ; to barter.

Sword (.sord) [sord, S. PK. P. ./. F. .la. Sm. C. ; sword
orsord, IVb.], n. A mihtary weapon.

Sword'-belt, n. Belt for suspending a sword.

Sword'ed (sord'ed), a. Girt with a sword.

SwoRD'-FiSH (sord'flsh), n. A fish with a long,
sharp bone issuing from its head.

SwoRD'-KNOT (sord'not), n. A ribbon tied to the
hilt of a sword.

Sword'-play-er (s6rd'pla-er), n. A fencer.

Hword§'man (sordz'man), n. One who carries a
sword ; a soldier ; a fighting man.

Swore, ;. From Swear.

Sworn, y. From Swear.

Swum, i. &Lp. From Swim.

SwijNG, i. & p. From Swing:

Svb-a-rit'ic, ) a. Relating to Sybaris ; luxu-

SvB-A-RiT'i-CAL, ( rious ; wanton.

tSvc'A-MlNE,?!. The sycamore.

Syc'a-more, n. The plane-tree ; the buttonwood.

Sy-CEE',n. (China.) Pure, native silver.

Svc'p-PHAN-cv, n. Mean flattery; servility.

Syc'P-phant, ?!. A menn flatterer ; a parasite.



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 104 of 127)