Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

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not killed by the Danaides on the night of their

marriage.



M.



Ma-£;ha'on. The son of ^sculapius ; a famous
Grecian physician, who died at Troy.

Ma'i-a. The daughter of Atlas and Pleione, and
mother of Mercury.

Mar§. The god of war, who, next to Jupiter, en-
joyed the highest honors at Rome.

Mar'sy-as. a famous satyr, who, being overcome
by Apollo at a trial of skill in music, was flayed
by him, and turned into a river of blood in
Phrygia.

Mau-so'ltjs. a king of Caria, to whom his wife
Artemisia erected a most magnificent monument,
called the Mausoleum, and reckoned one of the
seven wonders of the world

Me-de'a. The daughter of ^etes, and a wonder-
ful sorceress, or magician.

Me-dij'sa. One of the three Gorgons, whose hair
Minerva changed into snakes. She was killed by
Perseus.

Me-^jE'RA. One of the three Furies.

Me-ljs'a-^er. a prince of jEtoIia, and son of
i CEneus and Althea, killed by his mother's burn-
ing the fatal billet on which his life depended.



IN GREEK AND EOMAN EABULOUS HISTORY.



489



Mel-pom'e-ne. One of the Muses; — the one
who presided over tragedy.

Mem' N ON. King of Ethiopia, the son of Titlio-
nus and Aurora, killed by Achilles for assisting
Priam, and changed into a bird at the request of
his mother.

Men-e-la'us. The son of Atreus, king of Sparta,
brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen.

Men'tor. The faithful friend of Ulysses, the gov-
ernor of Telemachus, and the wisest man of his
time.

Mer'cu-ry. The son of Jupiter and Maia, mes-
senger of the gods, inventor of letters, and god
of eloquence, commerce, travellers, and rolibers.

Mi'daS. The son of Gordius, and king of Phrygia,
who, entertaining Bacchus, had the power given
Jiim of turning whatever he touched into gi)ld ;
but he had his ears lengthened into the ears of an
ass, for giving a verdict for Pan against Apollo, in
a trial of singing.

Mi'LO. A famous wrestler, or athlete, of Crotona.

RII-NER'VA. The goddess of wisdom, the arts, and
war ; produced from Jupiter's brain.

Mi'Nos. The son of Jupiter and Europa, and king
of Crete ; distinguished for his justice, and made
supreme Judge m the infernal regions.

MiN'o-TAUR. A celebrated monster, half man and
half bull, killed by Theseus.

Mne-m6s'y-ne. The goddess of memory, and the
mother of the nine Muses.

AIo'mus. The son of Nox, and god of folly, satire,
and pleasantrj'.

Mor'pheus. The minister of Nox and Somnus,
and god of dreams.

M(iR§ {Death). The daughter of Nox, and one of
tlie infernal deities.

Mfl'^E^. Nine goddesses, daughters of Jupiter and
Mnemosyne, who presided over all the liberal
arts and the sciences, were the patrons of niusi
cians and poets, and governesses of the feasts of
the gods. Their names are Calliope, Clio, Erato,
Euterpe, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore,
Thalia, and Urania.



N.



Na'iad§. Nymphs of streams and fountains.

NAR-cis'sys. The son of Cephissus and l^iriope,
a very beautiful youth, who, falling in love with
his own image in the water, pined away into a
flower of the same name.

NfiM'E-sis. One of the infernal deities, and the
goddess of vengeance. '

•Nep'tOne. The son of Saturn and Ops, god of
the sea, the father of rivers and fountains, and,
next to Jupiter, the most powerful deity ; repre-
sented with a trident in his right hand.

Ne-rE'i-de!J (Eng-. Ne're-id!J). Sea-nymphs,
the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris, the son
and daugliter of Oceanus and Tethys.

Ne'Reus. A sea-deity, father of the Nereides.

NEs'TOR. The son of Neleus and Chloris, and
king of Pylos and Messenia. He fought against
the Centaurs, was distinguished m the Trojan
war, and lived to a great age.

NT'NUS. The son of Belus, the first king of the
Assyrians, and founder of the monarchy.

NI'o-Bii. The daughter of Tantalus, and wife of
Amphion. Preferring herself to Latona, her four-
teen children were killed by Apollo and Artemis,
and she wept herself into a stone.

Nox (J\rifrht). One of the most ancient of the dei-
ties, and goddess of night.



0.



o-CE-Xn'i-'de?. Sea-nymphs, daughters of Oce-
nnus ; three thousand in number.
62



O-ce'a-nOs. a powerful deity of the sea. son of
Coelus and Terra.

O-cvp'e-te. One of the three Harpies.

(IId'i-pDs. 'J'he son of Laius and Jocasta, and
king of Thebes, who solved the riddle of the
Sphinx, unwittingly killed his father, married his
mother, and afterwards ran mad and tore out his
own eyes.

Oi'NEOs. A king of Calydon, whose country was
ravaged by a monstrous boar.

om'pha-le. Queen of Lydia, of whom Hercu-
les was enamored, and for whom he was made
to spin.

ops. Another name of C?/6e/e.

0-re'a-de§ (Eng. o're-ad^). Nymphs of the
mountains, and attendants upon Diana.

0-RiiS'TE§. The son of Agamemnon and Clytem-
nestra, and constant friend of Pylades, wlio re-
venged the death of his father by slaying his
mother and ^Egisthus, and carried aWay the statue
of Diana from Thoas.

O-Ri'oN. A mighty giant, who was made a con-
stellation.

OR'PiiEus A celebrated Argonaut, whose skill
in music is said to have been so great, that he
could make rocks, trees, &c. follow him.

O-si'ris. The son of Jupiter, married to lo, and

" worshipped by the Egyptians under the form of
an ox.



P.



PXl-A-me'de§. The son of Naiiplius, king of
Euboea, stoned at the siege of Troy through the
false accusation of Ulysses, whose pretended
madness, that he might avoid going to the Trojan
war, he had before found out.

Pa'i.e§._ The goddess of sheepfolds and pastures.

PXr.-i-Nii'Rus. Tlie chief pilot of the ship of
.iEneas.

PXl'las a name o{ Minerva.

Pan. The son of iVlercury, and the god of shep-
herds, huntsmen, and the inhabitants of the
country.

Pan-do'ra. a celebrated woman, and, according
to Hesiod, the first mortal female that ever lived.
Jupiter gave her a box which contained all the
evils ami miseries of life ; but with hope at the
bottom.

Par'CjE. The Fates. See Fate3.

Par'is or 5l-ex-an'der. The -son of Priam
and Hecuba, a most beautiful youth, who ran
away with Helen, and thus occasioned the Tro-
jan war.

Par-then'p-pe. One of the three Sirens.

Pa-tro'clus. One of the Grecian chiefs in the
Trojan war, a constant friend and companion of
Achilles, and slain, in the armor of Achilles, by
Hector.

Peg'a-sDs. a winged horse belonging to Apollo
and the Muses, which sprung from the blood of
Medusa, when Perseus cut off her head.

Pe'lops. a prince of Phrygia, and the son of
Tantalus, who was served up before the gods by
his own father, and had his shoulder eaten by
Ceres, but replaced with an ivory one by Jupiter.

PE-NA'Ti;§. Small statues, or household gods.

Pe-n£l'p-pe. a celebrated princess of Greece,
the wife of Ulysses, remarkable for her chastity
and constancy during the long absence of hei
husband.

Per'dix. The inventor of the saw and compass,
killed by his uncle Dsdalus, but turned by Mi-
nerva into a partridge.

Per'seiIs. The son of Jupiter and Danae, who
vanquished the Gorgons, and performed many ex-
ploits by means of Medusa's head, and was made
a constellation.

Pha'e-t6n. The son of Sol and Clymene, who
asked the guidance of his father's chariot for one
day, as a proof of his divine descent ; but set tlie



490



PRINCIPAL DEITIES, HEROES, &c.



world on fire, and was therefore hurled by Jupi- I
ter into the river Po. |

Phil-oc-te'te^. The son of Piean, and one of
the Argonauts, who discovered tu the Greeks tlie
place where the arrows of his companion Her-
cules were buried, without which discovery Troy
could not have been taken.

PhIl-o-Me'la. The daughter of Pandion, king of
Athens, who was changed into a iiiglitiugale.

Phl.eg'e-th6n. One of the infernal rivers.

PHL,E'<^¥-is. The son of Mars and Chryse, and
king of the Lapithee ; killed and placed under a
huge stone in hell by Apollo, for burning his
temple.

Phce'be. a name of Diana.

Phce'eus. a name of Apollo.

Phce'nix. a fabulous bird, which, according to a
tale related to Herodotus, at Heliopolis in Egypt,
visited that place once in every 500 years.

PI-er'i-de^. a name of the Muses, from Mount
Pierius ; — also, the daughters of Pierius, whom
the Muses changed into magpies for challenging
them to sing.

PI-RiTH'p-us. The son of Ixion, king of the La-
pithae, and intimate friend of Theseus, killed by
Cerberus.

Ple'ia-de^. The seven stars, daughters of Atlas
and Pleione, and called -Atlantides and Vergili/E .• —
named Electra, Maia, Taygete, Alcyone, CeltBiio,
Sterope, and Merope,

PlO'to. The son of Saturn and Ops, brother of
Jupiter and Neptune, and the god of the infernal
regions.

PhTtus. The son of lasius or lasion and Ceres,
and the god of riches.

Pol'lux. Twin brother of Castor. See Castor.

Pq-lyd'a-Mas. a famous wrestler, or athlete,
who strangled a lion, lifted a mad bull, and
stopped a coach in full career; but who was, at
length, killed in attempting to stop or sustain a
falling rock.

P6l-y-do'rus. The son of Priam and Hecuba,
killed by Polymnestor, king of Thrace, for his
riches.

P6l-y-h5m'ni-A or Po-LYM'NI-A. One of the
Muses : — slie presided over singing and rhetoric.

PoL-Y-PHii'MUS (fino-. Pol'v-pheme). Cue of
the Cyclops, the son of Neptune, a huge and cruel
monster with only one eye in the middle of his
forehead, which Ulysses destroyed with a flre-
brar^d.

Po-mo'na. The goddess of gardens, orchards, and
fruit-trees.

Pri'AM. The last king of Troy, the son of Laome-
doii, under whose reign Troy was taken by the
Greeks.

PRi'A-pOs. The god of gardens.

Pro'cris. The daughter of Erechtheus, king of
Athens, killed through mistake by the unerring
dart of her husband, Cephalus, and turned by Ju-
piter into a star.

Pro-crDs'te§ (the Stretcher). The surname of
tlie famous robber Polypemon, or Damastes, who
used to tie all travellers who fell into his hands
upon a bed, and accommodate their length to it,
by stretching or shortening their limbs, as the case
required.

Prog'ne. The daughter of Pandion, king of Ath-
ens, and wife of Tereus, changed into a swallow.

PRQ-Mi3'THEiJs. The son of Japetus. He is said
to have stolen fire from heaven to animate two
bodies which he had formed of clay ; and he was
therefore chained by Jupiter to Mount Caucasus,
with a vulture perpetually gnawing his liver.

Pros'er-pine. The daughter of Jupiter and Ce-
res, wife of Pluto, and queen of hell.
Pr5'teus. The son of Oceatnis and Tethys, a
sea-god and prophet, who possessed the power of
changing himself into different shapes.
Psy'jEhe. a nymph beloved by Cupid, and made
immortal by Jupiter.

fiG-mJE'i (Eng. Pyg'm.ie§). a nation of dwarfs
only a span high, carried away by Hercules.



Pyg-ma'li-6n. The son of Beliis, and king 6t
Tyre, wlio slew his brother-in-law Sichasus, fol
his money.

Pv]j'A-DE§. A most constant friend of Orestes.

Pyr'a-mijs and This'be. Two fond lovers, of
Babylon, who killed themselves by the same
sword, and were the occasion of turning the ber-
ries of the mulberrj'-tree, under which they died,
from white to a blood color.

Pyr'rhus. The son of Achilles and Deidamia,
remarkable for his cruelty at the siege of Troy.
He was killed by Orestes, at the request of Pyr-
rhus's wife.

Py'thon. A huge serpent, which was produced
from the mud of the deluge of Deucalion, and
which Apollo killed, and in memory thereof insti-
tuted the Pythian games.



E.



Re'mus. The elder brother of Romulus, killed by
him for ridiculing the city walls, which he had
just erected.

Rhad-a-man'thus. Son of Jupiter and Europa,
and king of Lycia, made one of the three infernal
judges on account of his justice and goodness.

Rhe'a. a name of Cybele.

Rom'u-lOs. The son of Mars and Ilia. He was
thrown into the Tiber by his uncle, but was saved,
with his twin-brother Remus, by a shepherd ,
and he became the founder and first king of Rome.



s.



Sar-pe'dois^. The son of Jupiter, and king of
Lycia, who distinguished himself at the siege of
Troy, and was killed by Patroclus.

Sa tur'nus (_Eng. Sat'urn). The son of Coelus
and Terra, and father of Jupiter. He attempted
to devour all his male children ; but being de
posed by Jupiter, he tied into Italy, and taught
men husbandry. _

Sat'v-RI {Eng. Sa'tyrs). Demigodsof the coun-
try, and priests of Bacchus ; horned monsters,
half men and half goats.

S9Yl'la. The daughter of Nisus, who betrayed
her country to Minos by cutting off her father's
purple locks, and was turned into a lark : — also,
the daughter of Phorcus, turned, by her rival, Circe,
into a monster with six heads. Slie was, accord-
ing to the fable, changed into rocks .m the coast
of Italy, opposite to the whirlpool of Charybdis.

Sem'e-le. The daughter of Cadmus and Thebe,
and the mother of Bacchus.

Se-mir'a-m1's. The wife of Ninus, and celebrated
queen of Assyria, who built the walls of Babylon,
and was slain by her own son,Ninyas, and turned
into a pigeon.

Si-le'nus. The foster-father, master, and com-
panion of Bacchus, who lived in Arcadia, rode on
an ass, and was every day inebriated.

Si'REN§. Three sea-nymphs, or sea-monsters, the
daughters of Oceanus and Amphifrite, named Par-
thenope, Ligeia, and Leucosia. They were famed
for the sweetness of their voices, and they so
charmed their hearers, that they forgot their em-
ployments to listen with entire attention, and at
last died for want of food.

Sis'Y-PHiJS. The son of ^olus, a most crafty
prince, killed by Theseus, and condemned by
Pluto to roll up hill a large stone, which constant-
ly fell back again.

Sol {Eng. the Sun). A name of Apollo.

S6M'Nt;s (Sleep). The son of Erebus and Nox,
and the god of sleep.

Sphinx. A monster, who destroyed herself be-
cause CEdipus solved the enigma or riddle she
proposed.



IN GREEK AND ROMAN FABULOUS HISTORY.



491



St£n'ToR. a Grecian, whose voice is reported to
have been as strong and as loud as the voices of
fifty men together.

Ster'o-pe§. One of the Cyclops.

Sthe'no. One of the three Gorgons.

Stvx. One of the infernal rivers.

Svl-va'nus. a god of the woods and forests.



T.



TAN'TA-Ltjs. The son of Jupiter, and king of
Lydia, who served up the limbs of his son Pelops
to trv the divinity of the gods. He is represented
by the poets as punished in hell with insatiable
thirst, and placed up to the chin in a pool of
water, which, however, flows away as soon as
he attempts to taste it.

Tar'ta-r0s. The part of the infernal regions in
which the most impious and criminal were pun-
ished.

Tel'a-Mon. The son of jEacus, and king of Sal-
amis, who first scaled the walls when Hercules
took the city of Troy, in tlie reign of Laomedon.

TE-L.EM'A-jeHi;s. The only son of Ulysses and
Penelope, who went in quest of his father after
the siege of Troy.

Ter'MI-nDs. The god of boundaries.

Terp-sijGh'p-re. One of the Muses: — she pre-
sided over dancing.

Te'th ys. The wife of Oceanus, and the mother of
rivers, and of about three thousand daugliters,
called Oceanides.

Tha-li'a. One ot the Graces: — also one of the
Muses — she presided over festivals, and over
comic and pastoral poetry.

The'MIS. The daughter of Ccelus and Terra, and
goddess of justice, who rewarded virtue and pun-
ished vice.

The'seOs. The son of iEgeus and ^thra, king
of Athens, reckoned the next hero to Hercules,
and famous for slaying the monster Minotaur, and
conquering the Centaurs.

Thi'5'be. See Pybaml's.

Ti-siPH'o-NE. One of the three Furies.

Ti'tan. The son of Coelus and Terra, brother of
Saturn, and one of the giants who warred against
heaven.

TI-tho'nvs. The son of Laomedon, loved by
Aurora, and turned by her, in his old age, into a
grasshopper.

TTt'y-Os. The son of Jupiter and Terra, a huge
giant, whose body covered nine acres of land.

Trip-tol'e-mT'S." The st)n of Oceanus and Terra,
taught husbandry by Ceres.

Tri'ton. The son of Neptune and Amphitrite, a
powerful sea-god, and Neptune's trumpeter.

Tro'i-lHs. The son of Priam and Hecuba, slain
by Achilles.

Tr'o-pho'ni-Os. a famous architect, son of Er-
ginus, who was the builder of Apollo's temple at



Delphi, and whose cave was one of the celebrated
oracles of Greece.

TiJR'NVS. A king of the Rutuli, in Italy, killed by
^neas in single combat.

TvD'E-ijs. ihe son of CEneus, king of Calydon,
a celebrated hero, and conqueror of Eteocles, king
of Thebes.

Ty'phon or Tv-pHjE'us. a famous giant or mon-
ster, on whom the island of Sicily was placed.



u.



0-LVS'SE§. King of Ithaca, husband of Penelope,
and father of Telemachus, whose adventures on
his return to Itliaca, after the Trojan war, are the

_ subject of Homer's Odyssey.

U-Ra'ni- a. One of the Muses : — she presided over

_ astronomy

u'KA-NUS (^Heaven). The most ancient of the
gods, the husband of Tellus, Terra, or the Earth,
and the father of Saturn. Same as Calus of the
Latins.



Y.



Ve'nus One of the most celebrated deities of the
ancients, the wife of Vulcan, the goddess of love
and l)eauty, and the mistress of the graces and of
pleasures.

Ver-tCim'Nus. a deity of the Romans, who pre-
sided over spring and orchards, and who was the
lover of Pomona.

Ves'ta. The sister of Ceres and Juno, the goddess
of fire, and patroness of vestal virgins. Her mys-
teries were celebrated by virgins who kept lamps
perpetually burning in her temple.

VDl'can. The god who presided over fire and
blacksmiths or workers in metal. He was the son
of Jupiter and Juno, and the husband of Venus,
and was so deformed that Jupiter kicked him out
of heaven into the isle of Lemnos, where he set
up a smith's shop, and forged thunderbolts for his
father. The Cyclops were his workmen.



z.



ZEPH'y-RijS. The son of jEoIus and Aurora, who

passionately loved the goddess Flora : — a name

for the west wind.
ffaJ'Tii^ and CSl'a-Ts. Sons of Boreas, king of

Thrace, who attended the Argonauts, and drove

_tlie Harpies from Thrace.
Ze'tiius. The son of Jupiter and Antiope, an.d

twin- brother of Amphion.
J'Eus. A name of Jupiter.



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Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 127 of 127)