Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

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quantity brewed at once.
Brew' IS (bru'is), re. Bread soaked in fat liquid.
Bri'ar, re. See Brier.
Bribe, n. A reward given to a judge, an officer,

a voter, &c., to influence or corrupt the conduct.
BrTbe, v. a. To give a bribe to ; to gain by bribes.
Brib'er, n. One who gives bribes.
BrI'BE-ry, re. The crime of taking or giving bribes

or rewards for bad practices.
BrTck, n. A mass chiefly of clay, shaped, and

bunit in a kiln : — a small loaf.
Brick, t). a. To lay with bricks.
Bri'ck'bSt, re. A piece of brick.
Brick'dOst, n. Dust made by pounding bricks.
Brick'kiln (brik'kil), n. A kiln to bum bricks.
Brick'lay-er, n. One who lays bricks.
Brick'mak-er, re. One who makes bricks.
Brick' WORK (brik'wUrk), re. A laying of bricks.
Bri'dal, HI. A nuptial festival ; a wedding.
Bri'dal, a. Belonging to a wedding ; nuptial.
Bride, re. A woman newly married or about to be
BRiDE'BiiD, n. The marriage-bed. [married.

BrIde'cake, n. Cake distributed at a wedding.
Bride'cham-ber, n. The nuptial chamber.
Bride'groom, n. A man newly married or about

to be married.
BrIde'maid, re. She who attends upon the bride.
Bride'maN, re. He who attends the bride and

bridegroom at the nuptial ceremony
Bride' WELL, re, A house of correction ; a prison.
BRiD(^E, re. A pathway erected over a river, canal,

&c. : — the upper part of the nose : — the support-
er of the strings of a violin, &c.
Brid^^e, v. a. To form a bridge over,
Bri'dle (bri'dl), re. The instrument by which a

horse is governed : — a restraint ; a curb.
Bri'dle, v. a. To put a bridle on ; to restrain.
Bri'dle (bri'dl), v. n. To hold up the head.
BrI'dler, re. One who bridles or restrains.
Bri-d66n', re. A snaffle and rein of a bridle, which

act independently of the bit.
Brief (bref), ffi. Short: concise; contracted.
Brief (brsf), w. A writing ; extract. — {Law.) A

species of writ or precept : — minutes of a case.
Brief'ly, ad. In a few words ; concisely ; quickly.
Brief'ness, re. Conciseness; shortness.
Bri'er, re. A prickly shrub ; the bramble.
BrI'er-y, a. . Full of briers ; rough; prickly.
Bri'er-y, 71. A place where briers grow.
Brig, n. A light, square-rigged vessel with two

masts. See Vessel.
Bri-gade', re. [Fr.] A party or division of troops,

consisting of several battalions.
Bri-gade', v. a. To form into a brigade.
BrIg-a-dier' or Brig-a-dier'-9E;n'er-al, re.

An officer who commands a brigade.
Brig'and, 71. A robber; a freebooter.
Brig'and-A9E, re. [Fr.] Plunder ; robbery.
BrIg'an-dine, re. A coat of mail : — a brigantine.
BrTg'an-tIne, re. A light vessel ; a small brig.
BrTght (brit), a. Shining ; full of light ; reflecting

light; clear; splendid; lucid: — witty; acute.
BrTght'en (bri'tn), v. a. To make bright : — to

make gay or witty : — to make illustrious.
BrTght'en (bri'tn), v, n. To grow bright.
Bright'ly (brit'le), ad. In a bright manner.
Bright'ness (brit'nes), re. Lustre : — acuteness.
BRtLL'lAN-CY (bril'yan-se), re. Dazzling bright-
ness ; great lustre ; splendor ; radiance.

Syn. — The bria-htness of the moon ; lustre of

the stars or of silk ; splendvr of light ; brilliancy

of diamonds. Brightness may be obscured ; lustre,

tarnished ; splendor and brilliancy, diminished.
BRiLL'lANT (bril'yant), a. Shining; sparkling.
BrI LL'iant, n. A diamond of the finest cut.



BRtLL§, n. pi. The hair on the eyelids of a horse.
Brim, n. The edge ; the upper edge of any vessel k

— the bank of a fountain, river, or tho sea.
Brim, v. a. To fill to the top.

Brim, v. re. To be full to the brim.
Bribi'fi)l, a. Full to the top ; quite full.
Brim'MER, re. A bowl full to the top.
BrTm'ming, a. Full to the brim ; brimful.
Brim'stone, re. A yellowish mineral ; sulphur.
Brin'ded, a. Of a varied color ; streaked.
Brin'dle, re. A brindled or streaked color.
BRfN'DLED, a. Spotted ; brinded , streaked.
Brine, re. Water impregnated with salt • — the sea
Brine'pan, re. A reservoir of brine or salt water.
Brine'pit, re. A pit or reservoir of salt water.

Bring, v. a. [i. brought ; pp. BRINGING, BROUGHT.")

To fetch from ; to convey or carry to , to attract ;

to draw along ; to induce ; to prevail on.

Syn. — A master sends his servant to fetch a

parcel, which having received, he carries in bis

hand and brings home to his master.
Bring'ing-forth', n. Production.
Brin'ish or Bri'ny, a. Saltish; like brine.
BRiN'isH-NiSss, 71. Tendency to saltness.
Brink, re. The edge of any place ; a precipice.
Bri'o-ny, re. See Bryony.

Brisk, a. Lively ; active ; spirited ; vivid ; quick.
Brisk'et, 71. The breast of an animal.
BrTsk'ly, ad. In a brisk manner ; actively.
BrI'sk'ness, 71. Liveliness ;-activity.
Bris'tle (bris'sl), re. The stiff hair on a swine's

back.
Bris'tle (bris'sl), v.a. To erect; to fix bristles ta
Bre's'tle (bris'sl), v. re. To stand erect, as bristles.
Bri'st'ly (bris'le), a. Thick set with bristles.
Bri-t1n'ni-a, m. A sort of mixed metal.
Bri-t5n'nic, a. Relating to Great Britain.
BrTt'ish, a. Belonging to, or made in, Britain.
Brit'qn, tu a native of Britain.
Brit'tle, a. Apt to break ; easily broken ; fragile,
Brit'tle-ness, re. Aptness to break.
Britzska (bris'ka), re. [Ger.] An open, four-

\vheeled pleasure-carriage.
Bri^ZE, re. The gadfly : — land long uncultivated.
Broach (broch), 7i. A soit. See Brooch.
Broach, v. a. To spit : — to pierce a vessel ; to tap ;

— to open any store ; to let out ; to give out.

Broach'er, re. One who broaches : — a spit.

Broad (brawd), a. Wide ; large ; ample ; exten-
sive ; comprehensive : — clear ; coarse : — fulsome ;
indelicate.

Syn. — Broad cloth, broad brim ; wide entrance ;
large field, house, or family ; ample space ; eztensive
prospect ; comprehensive survey ; cZear sunshine. —
Broad or coarse language ; indelicate allusion.

Broad'axe (briwd'aks), n. An axe with a broad
edge for hewing timber.

Broad'cast, n. A method of sowing seeds by
casting them abroad with the hand.

Broad'cast, a. & ad. Sown by hand extended.

Broad'cloth, 71. A fine kind of woollen cloth

Broad'en (braw'dn), v. a. To make broad.

Broad'en (brlw'dn), v. n. To grow broad.

Broad'ly (brawd'Ie), ad. In a broad manner.

Broad'ness, re. Breadth ; coarseness.

Broad'-Seal, re. The great official seal.

Broad'side,7u The side of a ship : — a discharge
of all the guns, at once, from the side of a ship. —
{Printing.) One side of a whole sheet of paper.

Broad'sword (brlwd'sord), n. A cutting sword,
with a broad blade.

BroAd'wise, ad. In the direction of tho breadth.

Bro-cade'^, 71. A kind of flowered stuif or cloth.

Brq-cad'ed, a. Dressed in, or woven as, brocade,

BrS'ca^E, re. Brokerage. See Brokerage.

BROc'cp-LKbrbk'o-le), 7!, [It.] A kind of cabbage.

Brock, re. A badger : — a brocket.

Brock'et, re. A red deer, two years old.

Bro'gan, re, A thick, coarse shoe : — a brogue.

Brogue (brog), re. A kind of shoe : — a corrupt dia-
lect ; as, the Irish brogue.



-E, I, O, U, Y,long; X, £,t, 6, IJ, ^, short; A, E, l,Q,y,Y, obscure. — fARE, FAR, fAsT, ALL; IlfilR, HER;



BRO



89



BUD



Br5gue'-Ma-Ker, n. A maker of brogues.
fBRoi'DER, ?i. a. To embroider. Exodus.
Broil, ?(. A tumult ; a quarrel ; a brawl.
Broil, v. a. To cook by laying on the coals.
Broil, v. n. To be on coals, or in the heat.
Broil'er, n. One who broils.
Broke, u.?i. To transact business for others. [R.]
Broke, i. From Break.
Bro'ken (bro'kn), p. From Break.
Bro'ken-heart'ed (bro'kn-hart'ed), a. Having

the spirits crushed by grief or fear : contrite.
Bro'ken-wind'ed, a. Having diseased respira-
tion.
Bro'ker, n. One who makes bargains for others ;

afactor : — a dealer m money.
Bro'ker-A(^e, n. Money or percentage paid to a

broker for effecting a sale : — the business of a

broker.
Br6'ker-v, n. Brokerage.
Bro'mine, «. (Cliem.) A substance often extracted

from bittern, or sea-water.
Bron'jEHI-al, a. Relating to the windpipe.
BRON-jetli'Tls. 71. (^Med.) Inflammation of the

bronchia, or membranes of the windpipe.
BRON'jEHO-ciiLE.?!. (Med.) A tumor in the throat.
Bron-chot'q-my, 71. Incision of the windpipe.
BuoN'enus n.: pi BR6N'0Hf. [L.] Tlie upper

part of the windpipe. — The smaller ramifications

are called bronchta.
Bron-tol'o-^V, m.' A dissertation upon thunder.
♦Bronze or Bronze [bronz, S. IV J. F. ./a.;

brbnz, Sm. E. Wb.i bronz or bronz, K. R.], n.

A factitious metal compounded of copper and tin.
*Br6nze, V a. To harden or color like bronze.
♦Brooch (broch) [broch, IV. J. E. Ja. Sm. R. ;

broch, S P. F. K. C.J, n. A jewel; an orna-
ment ; a pin.
♦Brooch (broch), v. a. To adorn with jewels.
Brood, «.H. To sit on eggs; to tliink on anxiously.
Brood.?!. Ofl*spring; progeny: — the number of

chickens hatched at once : — a production.
»Brook (bruk, 51) fbruk, P. J. F. Sm. fVb. ; brok,

S. W. E. Ja. C. ], 71. A running water; a rivulet.
Sijn. — Rivulets flowing into each other make

brooks, and brooks, rivers.
*Brook (bruk), v. a. To l)ear; to endure.
Broom, n. A small tree : — an instrument to

sweep with ; a besom.
Broom, v. a. To clean a ship. See Bream.
Broom'stick, n. The handle of a brooncern ; trade : — a point.

BDsK, 71. A piece of steel or whalebone, worn by
women to strengthen the stays.

BDs'KET, 7i. A collection of shrubs ; a bush.



Bus'KiN, 71. A kind of half boot: — a high sho«

worn by the ancient actors of tragedy.
Bus'KiNED f bils'kind), a. Dressed in buskins.
Bus'ky, a. Wixidy ; shaded with woods.
Buss, 77. A kiss : — a boat for fishing.
Buss, V. a. To kiss. Sliak. [Low.]
BOsT, n. A statue of the human figure as far down

as the breast.
Bus'tard, 77. A large bird of the turkey kind.
BOs'tle (bus'sl), V. n. To be busy or active.
BDs'TLE (bas'sl), 77. A tumult ; hurry ; stir.
Bus'tler, 77. An active, stirring man.
Bu§'Y (biz'e), a. Employed with earnestness ; ac

live; officious, bustling, troublesome.
Bu^'y (biz'e), V. a. To make busy ; to employ.
Bu§'y-b6d-y (biz'e-bod-e), 7i. A meddling person.
BDt, co/ij. Except; except that; besides, unless;

yet , now , otherwise than that.
But, prep. Except. — ad. Only ; no more than.
But, 71. A boundary ; a limit ; the end of a thing.
BOt, v. 71. To touch at one end ; to abut.
BuTcH'ER, 7i. One who kills animals for food.
BUtch'er, 7;. a. To kill and dress lor food ; to

slaughter : — to murder.
BDtch'er-ly, a. Cruel , bloody.
BOtch'er V, n. Tho trade of a butcher ; slaugh-
ter ; carnage : — the place where animals are

killed.
But'-end, n. The blunt end of any thing.
But'ler, 77. A servant intrusted with liquors, &c.
BuT'LER-A9E,n. Duty on wine imported, formerly

paid to tho king of England's butler.
BOt'ler-ship, 71. The office of a butler.
BuT'MENT, 71. The support of an arch ; abutment
Butt, 77. A mark ; a push ; an object of ridicule ;

a blow : — a cask containing two hogsheads.
Butt, v. a. To strike with tho head, as a ram.
BOt'ter, n. An oily substance, obtained by chum.

ing cream ; any substance resembling butter.
BDt'ter, I), a. To spread with butter.
But'ter-bOmp, 77. The bittern ; a heron.
BOt'ter-cDp. 7i. The crow's-foot ; ayellow flower.
But'ter-fly, 77. A beautiful winged insect.
BOt'ter-is, 77. A tool for paring a horse's foot.
BDt'ter-milk, 77. Whey of churned cream.
BfiT'TER-NUT, 77. A tree and its fruit ; oilnut.
But'ter-print, 7!. A stamp to mark butter.
BuT'TER-TOOTH, 77. A large, broad foro-tooth.
BiJt'ter-y, a. Having the appearance of butter.
But'ter-y, 71. A room for provisions ; pantry.
BOt'tock, 77. The rump.
BiJt'ton (biit'tn), 71. A knob or catch for fasten.

ing clothes ; a round mass of metal : — tho bud o(

a plant : — sea-urchin.
BiJT'TON (but'tn), V. a. To fasten with buttons.
But'ton-hole, 71. A hole to admit a button.
BuT'TON-MAK.ER, 71. One wlio makes buttons.
BuT'TON-wooD (wiid), 77. The sycamore-tree.
BDt'tress, v. a. To support ; to prop.
BOt'tress, 77. An abutment or external support

to a wall ; a shore ; a prop ; a support.
Bu-ty-ra'ceous (bu-te-ra'shus) [bu-te-ra'shus, F.

Sm. R. , but-e-ra'shus,' P. K. C. Wb.]', a. Having
jhe qualities of butter.
Bu'tyr-ine, 71. Oleaginous matter in butter.
Bux'pM, a. Gay ; lively ; brisk ; wanton ; jolly.
Bux'OM-LY, ad. Wantonly ; amorously.
BOx'OM-NESS, 77. Gayety ; amorousness.
Buy (bi), v. a. [i. bought ; pp. buying, bought.)

To obtain or to acquire by paying a price ; to pur-
chase , to bargain for.
Buy (bi), V. n. To treat about a purchase.
BUY'ER (bi'er), 7i. One who buys; a purchaser.
\M'iZ7., V. n. To hum like bees ; to whisper.
Buzz, V. a. To spread by whispers or secretly.
Bijzz, 71. The noise of bees ; a whisper.
BDz'zard, 77. A species of hawk : — a dunce ; a

coward.
Buzz'ER, 71. A secret whisperer.
By (bi or be) [bi or bo, fV. Sm. ; bi or by, S. J. ; bl,

P. F.Ja.K. C], prep. At; in; near; for. — It



.iiEN.siR; m6ve,nor,s6n5 bOll, BUR, rOle. — 9, 9, g, so/t; ;e, «, q, |, Aard; ^asz■, }f.a3gz: Tina



CAC



92



CAL



denotes tlie agent, way, or means ; as, " [.'erfornied
by you."

fef, ad. Near ; beside ; passing ; in presence.

By or BvE, n. Something not tlie direct and im-
mediate object of regard ; as, " by the by, or bye."

Bv (ill composition) implies something out of the
direct way ; irregular ; collateral ; private ; as, a
by-lane, a by-road, a by-path, a by-corner.

By'-and-By' (i)i'find-bi'), ad. In a short time.

By'ARD, n. A leather strap across the breast, used
by men who draw sledges in coal-mines.

By'-isnd, n. Private advantage ; self-interest.

By'Gone, a. Gone by ; past.

By'-Law, n. A private rule or order of a society.



Bv'-Name, n. A nickname.

Bv'-PAST, a. Past , gone by. SJiaJc.

By '-Path, n. A private ov obscure path.

Byre, n. A cow-house. [Local, £«^.]

Bys'sine, a. Made of silk or fine linen.

Bis'sus,n. [L.J Cotton. — (/c/t.) Atuftofhaiis
by which some Ehell-fish are attached to rocks.

By'-Stanp-er, K. A looker-on ; a spectator.

By'-Vievv (bi'-vu), r... Self-interested purpose.

By '-Way, n. A private and obscure way.

Bv'-WlPE, n. A secret stroke or sarcasm.

Bv'WORD (bl'wUrd), n. A common saying ; a pass-
ing wordj a proverb : — a reproach. See Axiom.

Biz'AN-TiNE, a. Belonging to Byzantium.



C.



Cthe third letter of the alphabet, has two sounds ;
; one hard, like k, before a, o, u, also before I
and r ; the other soft, like s, before e, i, and y.
CAB, n. A Hebrew measure of nearly three pints.
Cabal', n. A junto or small body of men united
to effect some sinister purpose : — intrigue.

Syn. — Cabal differs from party ox faction, as few
from many.
Ca-bAl', v. n. To form close intrigues.
CXb'a-la, n. I It.J Jewish or rabbinical tradition ;

secret science.
CXb' AL -l§M, n. The science of the cabalists.
Cab'al-Tst, n. One skilled in Jewish traditions.
CXb-a Lis'Tlc, )a. Relating to the cabala;
Cab-a-lis'ti-cal, I secret; occult.
CXB-A-L'is'Ti-CALi.Y,ad. In a cabalistic manner.
Ca-bXl'LER, n. One who cabals ; an intriguer.
CAb'al-line, a. Belonging to a horse.
Cab' A-RET (kab'a-ra or kab'a-ret) [kab'a-ra, S.
Jo. Sm, , kab'?-ret, J. F. K.], n. I Fr.J A tavern.
CXb'bac^e, n. A genus of edible plants.
CXb'ba(j>E, V n. To form a head, as a plant.
Cab'ba(^e, v. a. To steal in cutting clothes.
CXb'in, n. A room : — a small house , a cottage : —

an apartment in a ship for the officers, &c.
CXb'in-Boy, n, A waiting-boy in a ship.
CXb'i-net, 71. A closet t — a set of boxes and
drawers- — a room in which consultations are
held; — the collective body of ministers of state
who conduct the government of a country.
CXB'i-NET-CbtiN'ciL, n. A council of state.
CXb'i-net-Mak'er, n. Maker of fine wood-work.
Ca'ble, n. A large rope or chain by which the

anchor of a ship js held.
Ca'ble D (ki'bld), a. Fastened with a cable.
Ca bob', V a. To roast meat in a certain mode.
Ca-BOOSE', n. (JVawf,) The cook room of a ship.
Ca-b6shed' (ka bo.sht'), a. (Her.) Represented

as the head of an animal cut close.
CXb Rl-OLE', n. See Capriole.
Cab' Ri-o-LET {k-iti're-o-la.'), n. [Fr.] A one-
horse chaise or vehicle : —often shortened to cab.
Ca'CAO (ka'ko), n. See Cocoa.
CXch'a lot, n. (Teh.) The spermaceti whale.
C;5f«^E (kash), 71. (Fr.) A hole dug in the ground

for concealing and preserving goods or luggage.
Ca-bhec'tic or Ca-£Hec'T!-cal, a. Ill in body.
Ckp/fET (kash'a),' 71. |Fr.] A seal ; a private

letter: — a state letter depriving one of liberty.
Ca-£HEx'y [ka-kek'se, P. Ja. K. Sm. C. fVb. ;

kak'ek-se, JV. J. F.], n. Ill state of body.
Cabh-'in-na'tion, n. A loud laughter. [«.]
Ca-ciq'ue' (ka-s5k'), «• (Fr.J See Cazique.
Cac'kle, v. n. To make a noise like a hen, &c.
CXc'kle, 71. The voice or noise of a hen or goose.
CXcK'LER, 71. A fowl that cackles ; a tattler.
CXc'O-ehym-Y, 71. Ill state of the humors.
CXc-0-de'mon, n. An evil spirit.
CAC-'o-&THEif, n. [L.J (Med.) _ An incurable
ulcer : — a bad custom ; a bad habit.



Ca-c9g'ra-phy, n. Bad writing or spelling.

CA-c6PH'p-NY,'n. A bad sound of words ; discord.

CXc'p-TEiJH-NY, n. A corruption of art.

Ca-c6t'ro-phy, n. Vicious nutrition.

Cac'tus, n. [L.] L. pi. cac'tj; Eng. cXc'-
Tus-E$. (Bot.) A genus of tropical plants.

CXd, 71. A boy that attends an omnibus.

Ca-dXv'er-ous, a. Like a dead body ; ghastly.

Cad'd|s, 71. A kind of tape; — a worm or grub.

CXd'dow (kad'do), n. A chough or jackdaw.

CXd'dy, 7!. A small box for tea.

Cade, a. Tame ; bred by hand ; as, a cade Iamb.

Cade, n. A cask ; a herring-barrel.

CA'de.nce, n. The fall of the voice as the sentence
draws to its close, in reading or .speaking ; modu-
lation: — tone or sound.

Ca'dent, a. Falling down. Shale.

CA-DEN'zA,n. [It.] (Mus.) A fall of the voice.

CA-DijT', 71. [Fr.] A younger brother: — a volun-
teer in the army : — a pupil in a military school.

CXDCjtE, 71. a. To carry a burden. [Local.]

Ca' Dl (^ka'de), n. [Ax.] A judge among the Turks.

Cad-me'an, a. Relating to Cadmus.

Ca-dv'c'eus (ka-dii'shus), n. [L.] Mercury's
wand.

Ca-du'ci-TY, 77. Frailty ; tendency to fall.

C^E'c7-4,s (se'she-as), 7!. [L.] A north-east wind.

CjE'rOle, a. See Cerule and Cerulean.

CJE-?u'R4 (se-zu'ra), n. [L.] (Prosody.) A met-
rical breaK in a verse or line, occasioned bv tli<>
separation of the first syllable of a foot, forming
the last of a word, from the next sjllabie, forming
the first of another, as in the following line :
I sing the sofa, | I who lately sang.

Cje-§u'RAL (se-zu'ral), a. Relating to the caesura.

Cafe (ki{'si),'n. [Fr.] Coflee : — a cofl'ee-house.

Caf-fe'ic, a. (Chem.) Derived from coffee.

Caf-TaN' , n. A Persian or Turkish garment.

CX&, 77. A small barrel or cask ; a keg. See Keg.

Ca^e, 71. An enclosure for birds or beasts.

Cage, v. a. To enclose in a cage.

Ca'icox CA-tQVE',n. [Fr.] A skiff of a galley.

Cail, 71. See Kale.

Cai'man (ka'man), n. The alligator ; cayman.

Cairn' (kirn), Ti. A heap of stones.

Caisson' (ka-s6n') [ka-son', P. E. F. Sm ; ka'-
es-son, Ja.], n. [Fr.J A chest of bombs or pow-
der ; a wooden case or frame.

Cai'tiff, 71. A moan villain ; a knave.

CAl'TiFF, a. Base ; knavish ; servile.

CXj'e-pijt, 7t. A volatile East India oil.

Ca-j6le', v. a. To flatter ; to coax ; to deceive.

Ca-j6l'ER, 71. One who cajoles ; a flatterer.

Ca-j5l'ER-y, 7!. Flattery ; wheedling ; deceit.

Cake,, n.' A kind of delicate bread ; — a mass.

Cake, v. a. To form into cake. — «. n. To harden.

Cal'A-Bash, n. A species of large gourd.

CXl-a-mXn'co, n. A kind of woollen stuff.

CXl-A-mTf'er-oOs, a. Producing reeds.
CXl'a-mIne, 71. Native carbonate of zinc.



l,E,i,o, v,%long;:i,t,'l,6,ti,i, short; A,-E,i,Q,v,'i,obscure. - EkR^,ie-AR,TXST,ki.i.-,iiti-R,ii)tni



CAL



93



CAL



CA-lXm'i-IOCs, a. Full of calamity ; miserable ;

distressing ; unfortunate ; adverse.
Ca-lam'i-tous-Ness, n. Distress ; calamity.
Ca-lAm'J-tv, n. Misfortune ; distress ; disaster
Syn. — A public calamity ; a grievous misfortune ;

a melancholy disaster ; a slight mischance or

mishap.
CXl'a-mOs, n. [L.] h.pl. cXl'a-mI ; Eng. cXl'-

A-MiJS-E§. A sort of reed ; a sweet-scented

wood. — (Bot.) A genus of palms.
Ca-lash', n. An open carriage : — a head-dress.
CXl'car, n. [L.] A calcinating furnace in glass-
works. — (Bot.) A spur or horn.
Gal-ca're-ous, a. Partaking of chalk or lime.
CXL'CA-val' I.A, n. A kind of Lisbon wine.
Cal'ce-at-ed (kal'she-at-ed), a. Shod.
CiL'CE-DO-Ny, n. See Chalcedony.
Cal-ci'na-ble or Cal'ci-na-ble [kal'se-na-bl,

'ja.K. ; kal-si'n?-bl, Sm. C. ; kal-sin'a-bl, ifb.], a.

That may be calcined or reduced to powder.
CSl'ci-NATE, c. a. To calcine.
CXl>-ci-NA'TlON, n. Act of pulverizing by fire.
CAL-cm'A-T<?-RY [kal-sin'fi-tiir-e, fV. P. Ja. K.

Sm. C. i kal'sin-a-tur-e, S. fVb.], n. A vessel

used in calcination.
*Cal-cine' [kal-sin', S. W. P. J.E. F. Ja. K. Sm. ;

kai'sjn, JVb.], V. a. To reduce to powder by heat :

— to expel carbonic acid.

*Cal-cine', v. n. To become a calx by heat.

CIL'ci-Cm, n. The metallic base of lime.

Cj5iL-c6g'ra-PHY, n. See Chalcography.

CAL,c'-SiN'TER,7i. Calcareous deposit in springs.

Cal'cu-l^-ble, a. That may be computed.

Cai.'cv-LATE, v. a. To compute ; to reckon.

Syn. — Calculate, reckon, and count respect
mostly the future ; compute, tlie past. The as-
tronomer calculates ; the chronologist computes ;
the accountant reckons.

Cal'cv-LATE, v. n. To make a computation.

CXl-cu-la'tion, n. A computation ; a reckoning.

Cal'CU-la-tive, a. Belonging to calculation.

Cal'cv-la-tor, n. A computer ; a reckoner.

CXl'cu-l^-to-ry, a. Belonging to calculation.

CXl-cu-l6se' or CAl'CLI-loOs, a. Stony ; gritty.

CaZ'cu-ZVS, n. ; pi. CAL'CIJ-LI. [L.] {Med.)
A calcareous concretion in the bladder ; the stone.

— (Math.) A method of computation.
Cal'dron, n. A pot ; a boiler ; a large kettle.
Cal-e-fa'cient, a. Making warm or hot.
Cal-e-fXc'tion, 71. Tlie act ot heating.
CAL-E-FAC'TlVE,a. That makes hot ; calefactory.
Cal-e-fac'to-ry, a. That heats ; heating.
Cal'e-fy,». 7J. To grow hot. — v. a. To make hot.
Cal'en-dar, 71. A yearly register ; an almanac.

Syn. — The words calendar, almanac, and ephem-
eris denote date-books for the current year. Al-
manac is properly a divider of time by the year,
calendar by the month, and ephemeris by the day.
An annual almanac, church calendar, nautical
ephemeris.

Cal'en-dar, v. a. To enter in a calendar.

Cal'en-dee, v. a. To dress cloth by hot-pressing.

Cal'en-der, ji. A hot-press ; an engine to calen-
der ; a calendrer: — an Eastern dervise.

Cal'en-drer, 78. One who calenders ; a calender.

Cal'end^, 71. p^ \calendm, L.] The first days of
every month in the ancient Roman calendar.

Cal'en-ture, n. A furious delirium or distemper
incident to sailors in hot climates.

CA-Lii.s'cENCE, 71. Act of growing hot.

Calf (kilf), n. ; pi. CALVEij (kivz). The young
of a cow : — a dolt : — the thick part of the leg.

CXl'i-BER or CXl'I-BRE (kal'e-bur), n. [calibre,
Fr.j The bore of a gun: — capacity of mind;
size : — sort or kind.

CXl'ice (kal'js), 71. A cup. See Chalice.

CXl'!-c6, n. ; pi. cXl'i-coe.^. A printed cotton
cloth or fabric, coarser than muslin.

tCXL'iu, a. Hot ; burning.

fCA-LiD'j-TY or tC'AL'iD-Nfis.s, 71. Intense heat.

CXl'i-dDct, 71. A pipe to convey heat ; a stove.



Ca'LIF, n. See Caliph.
Cal-i-ga'tion, n. Darkness ; cloudiness.
Ca-lTcj^'i-noDs, a. Obscure ; dim ; dark.
CA-LT^-'i-NOUS-Niiss, 71. Darkness ; obscurity.
Ca-L1G'ra-phv, n. See Calligraphy.
CXl'i-per§, 71. pi. Compasses with bowed shanks,
Ca'LIPH, 71. A successor or vicar: — a title of tho

successors of Mahomet among the Saracens.
Cal'iph-ate, 71. The government of a caliph. -
CXL-ls-THiJN'ic, a. Relating to calisthenics.
CXl-is-then'ics, n. pi. Exercise for health,

strength, or elegance.
CXl'i-ver, 71. A hand-gun; an arquebuse.
Ca'LIX or CXl'ix [ka'ljx, P. fVb. Rees ; kal'ix,

Sm.E.],n. [L.] A cup ; a flower-cup. SeeCALYx.
Calk (kawk), v. a. To stop or stuff, as the seams

between planks in a ship.
Calk'er (kawk'er), 7i. One who calks: — calkin.
Calkin (kal'kjn or kawk'in), 71. A prominence

in a horseshoe, to prevent slipping : — written also

calker, cawker, and cork.
Calk'ing-Tr-on (kawk'jng-i-urn), 71. A chisel

used in calking ships.
Call, v. a. To name ; to summon ; to convoke.
Syn. — Call a servant, bid him come ; siimmon

a witness ; convoke an assembly. — There was a

king of Judaea named Herod, improperly called the

Great.
Call, v. n. To cry out : — to make a short visit.
Call, 71. An address ; a summons ; a demand ; a



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 15 of 127)