Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

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divine vocation ; a calling : — a short visit.
Cal'la, 71. (Bot.) A genus of plants.
Call'er, 71. One who calls.
jCal'let, 71. A trull or a scold.
JCXl'let, v. n. To rail ; to scold.
CXl'lid, a. Crafty ; shrewd, [is.]
CAL-LlD't-TY or CXl'lid-ness, 77. Craftiness.
CXl-li-GrXph'ic, a. Relating to calligraphy.
CAL-Lle'RA-PHY, 71. Beautiful writing.
Call'ing, 71. Vocation ; profession ; trade ; a call.
CXl-LJ-pAsh', ) 71. Terms of cookery in dressing
Cal-lj-pee', \ a turtle.
Cal-l6s']-ty, 71. A hard swelling without pain.
CXl'lot, 71. A cap. See Calotte.
Cal'lous, a. Hard ; indurated ; insensible.
CXl'lous-ness, 71. Hardness ; insensibility.
CXl'low (kal'lo), a. Unfledged; naked.
CAL'zus,n. [L.] An induration ; a hardness.
Calm (kim), a. tiuiet ; serene ; undisturbed ; un.-

ruffled ; tranquil ; sedate ; composed.
Calm (kani), n. Serenity ; quiet ; repose ; peace.
Calm (kilm), v. a. To still ; to pacify ; to quiet.
Calm'ly (kiini'le), ad. Serenely; quietly.
Calm'ness (kam'nes),7i. Tranquillity; mildness.
Calm'y (kim'e), a. Calm ; quiet. Pope.
CXl'<)-mel, 71. A chloride of mercury.
Ca-l6r'ic, 71. (Chcm.) The principle which pro-
duces the sensation of heat ; heat.
CaL-p-rif'ic, a. Causing heat ; heating.
CXl-o-rim'e-ter, 71. An instrument to measure

Ca-l6r-]-mo'tor, n. A form of the voltaic appa-
ratus to produce intense heat.
C^-ioTTJE' (ka-lof), 71. [Fr.] A cap or coif of hair.
Cal'o-type, 71. A photogenic drawing obtained

by the action of light on certain salts of silver.
Ca-lov'er, 71. A monk of tlie Greek church.
Cal'trop, ) 71. A military instrument made with
CXl'thrqp, \ four spikes : — a kind of thistle.
CXl'i;-Met, 71. An Indian pipe ; emblem of peace.
Ca-lijm'ni-ate,?;. a. To accuse falsely ; to slander;

to asperse ; to vilify ; to traduce ; to defame.
Ca-lum-N!-a'ti<)N, 71. False accusation ; slander.
CA-LtJM'NJ-A-TQR, 71. A slanderer.
CA-LfjM'Ni-A-Tp-RY, ) a. Containing calumny;
cA-LuM'Ni-oDs, ( slanderiMis.

CXl'ijm-ny, 71. A false acciisatiiui maliciously

made ; abuse ; slander ; defamation.
Calve (kilv), v. n. To bring forlh a calf.
CAL'viN-iijM,77. The doctrine or system of Calvin.
CXtj'viN-TsT, 71. An adiicrent to Calvinism.

MiENjSiRj MOVE, NOR,s6nj bOll,bUr,rCle. — 9,9, g,so/£,- £!,jG,£,g,/iarrf; §aiz; ^(.asgz: THIS.




CXl-VIN-is'TIC, ) a. Relating or adhering to
CXL-VlN-ls'Ti-CAL, \ Calvin or Calvinism.
Calx,'h. [L.] L. pi. c;ii'c£^s- ,- Eng. cXlx'e?.
Lime or challi ; an eartlily substance left after
Cal'y-cle (kal'e-kl), n. A row of leaflets.
Ca' LVX or CaL' VX, n. fL.] L. pi. CAZ' v-CE? ;

Eng. cal'yx-e§. {Bot.) A fiowei-cup.
Ca-Ma'ieO (kj-ma'yu), n. A cameo.
CXm'ber, ?i. {Jlrch.) An arch on a beam.
CXm'Bist, n. A person skilled in exchanges.
CXM'Bi-CfM, 71. [L.] {Bot.) A viscid secretion.
CXmb'let, n. See Camlet.
Cam'brel, n. A crooked stick or piece of iron to

hang meat on ; gambrel.
Cam'bric, n. Fine white linen or cotton, used

for rutlies, &c.
Came, i. From Come.

Cam'el, n. A large quadruped : — a machine.
Ca-mEl'o-paed or CXm'el-o-pard [kfl-inel'o-
pard, W. P. Ja. ; kam'el-o-pard, S. K. 'Sm. Wb.],
n. A tall African animal ; the giraffe.
CXm'e-o, 71. ; pi. cXm'e-os. A kind of onyx : —
a precious stone, or shell, having imitative designs
engraved on it m bass-relief.
Cam-e-RA-lTs'TICS, n. pi. [cameralist, Ger., finan-
cier.] The science of public finance.
CAM'E-RA-OB-scu'RA,n. [L.] An Optical ma-
chine, used in a darkened room, for throwing im-
ages of extenial objects upon a plane surface.
Cam'e-RATe, D. a. To ceil or vault. [R.]
Cam-e-ra'tion, n. A vaulting or arching. [R.]
CXm-i-sade', n. [Ft.] Same as camisado.
CAM-i-sA'DO fkam-e-sa'do, S. TV. P. Sm. ; kam-e-

sa'do, Ja.], n. An attack made in the dark.
CXm'I.eTj n. A stuff made of wool, or hair, silk, &c.
CXm'o-MILE, n. An odoriferous plant.
Ca'MOIJS, c. Flat ; depressed : — used of the nose.
CXmp, n. The ground or order of tents ; a place of

the encamping of an army.
Camp, v. n. See Encamp.

CXm-paign' (kam-pan'), n. A large, open coun-
try : — the time an army keeps the field in one
Cam-paign', v. n. To serve in a campaign.
Cam-PAIGN'ER (kam-pan'er), re. An old soldier.
Cam-Pan'!-f6rm, a. Having the shape of a bell.
CaM-pa-n5l'o-Q^y, n. The art of ringing bells.
Cam-pXn'u-la, m. [L.J {Bot.) The bell-flower.
Cam-Pan'u-late, a. Canipaniform ; bell-shaped.
Cam-pes'tral, a. Growing in fields.
CX-M-PiiiiNE', ?(. Pure oil of turpentine.
CXm'piiqr, n. A resin, or concrete, fragrant juice

of a tree : — formerly written camphire.
Cam'pho-r^te, ) a. Impregnated with cam-
CXm'pho-rat-ed, j phor.
Cam-PIIor'ic, a. Containing camphor.
CXm'phor-Treij, n. A tree found in Borneo, &c.
CXmp'ing, 71. The act of playing at foot-ball.
Can, n. A metal cup or vessel for liquors.
CXn, v. n. [i. COULD.] To be able. — It is used in

forming the potential mood ; as, " I can do it."
Ca-NAILLE' (ka-nal'), re. [Fr.] The lowest of
the people ; the dregs of the people ; lees ; dregs.
Ca-nal', re. A water-course made by art ; a pas-
sage ; a conduit:— a duct in the body of an
CXn'al-Coal [kan'al-kol, P. E. Ja. Sm. ; ken'jl-

kol, J. jy.], re. A kind of coal ; cannel-coal.
Ca-na'ry, n. Wine brought from the Canaries ;

sack: — an old dance.
Ca-na'ry-Bird, n. A singing-bird.
CXn'cel, v. a. To blot out; to eff"ace ; to obliter-
ate ; to erase ; to annul ; to repeal ; to abolish.
Can-cel-la're-ate, a. Relating to a chancellor.
CXn'cel-la r-ED, a. Cross-barred, like network.
CXn-cel-la'tion, re. Act of expunging.
CXn'cer, m. a crab-fish : — the fourth sign (Crab)
in the zodiac, that of the summer solstice. — (Med.)
. A scirrhous, livid tumor terminating in an ulcer.
Can'cer-ate, v. n. To become a cancer.

CXn-cer-a'TION, re. Act of growing cancerous.
CXn'cer-OUS, a. Having the qualities of a cancel
CXn'cer-oiis-ness, re. State of being cancerous.
CXn'cri-form, a. Like a cancer ; cancerous.
CXn'crJne, a. Having the qualities of a crab.

Can-de-la' BRUM, n. [L.J L. pi. can-de-la'-
BRA ; Eng. cXn-de-la'brvm§. a branched
CXn'dent, a. Hot ; glowing with heat.

CXn' DID, a. Fair ; open ; frank ; ingenuous.

Syn. — Candid remark ; fair statement ; open
countenance ; frank manner ; ingenuous disposition.

Can'di-date, re. A competitor; one who pro-
poses himself, or is proposed, for some station.

Can'did-LY, ad. In a candid manner ; fairly.

CXn'did-Ness, re. Ingenuousness ; candor.

CXn'dLe, n._ A light made of tallow, &c. ; a light.

Can'dle-Hold-er, re. A holder of a candle.

Can'dle-light, re. The light of a candle.

CXn'dle-MAS, 11. The feast cf the purification of
the Virgin Mary, Feb. 2, celebrated with lights.

CXN'DLE-STiCK,re. An instrument to hold candles.

CXn'dor, re. [L.J A disposition or feeling free
from prejudice ; frankness ; openness ; fairness.

Can'dy, v. a. To conserve, as sugar, or with sugar.

Can'dy, v. n. To grow congealed.

CXn'dv, re. A conserve of sugar; a sweetmeat.

Cane, re. Areed: — sugar-cane: — a walking-staff

Cane, v. a. To beat with a cane.

Cane'BRAke, n. A thicket of canes.

CA-Nic'u-LA,n. [L.J Sirius ; the dog-star.

Ca-nic'u-lar, a. Belonging to tlie dog-star.

Ca-nine', a- ' Relating to or like a dog.

CXn'is-TER, re. A b„x for tea, &c. : — a small basket.

CXNk'ER"(kang'ker), n. An eating or corroding
humor : — corrosion : — a disease in trees.

CXnk'er, v. re. To grow corrupt; to decay.

CXnk'er, v. a. To corrupt ; to corrode ; to infect.

Cank'ered (kang'kerd), a. Crabbed ; morose.

Cank'er-oijs, a. Corroding like a canker.

Cank'er-worm (-wiirm), n. An insect or sort of
small caterpillar.

CaN'na-bine, a. Pertaining to hemp ; hempen.

CAN'NEL-CoAL,re. Ahard bituminous coal, which
burns with a bright flame.

CXn'ni-bal, n. A man wlio eats human flesh.

CAN'Ni-BAL-i§M, 71. The eating of human flesh.

CXn'non, re. A military engine for projecting balls ;
a great gun for batteiy, &.c.

Can-non-ade', v. a. To attack with great guns.

CXn-non-ade', re. An attack with cannon.

Can'non-Ball, ) re. A ball for a cannon or a

CXn'NON-ShoT, ( great gun.

CXn-non-eeR', re. One who manages cannon.

Can'non-PROof, a. Proof against cannon.

Can'not, v. re. To be unable: — a word com-
pounded of care and not, noting inability.

CXn'NU-LAR, a. Hollow like a bamboo or tube.

Ca-n6e' (ka-no'), n. An Ind.ian boat made of bark
or a hollowed tree ; a small boat.

Can'ON, re. A rule or law, especially in ecclesias-
tical matters : — the received books of Holy Scrip-
ture : — a dcrgymnn or dignitary in a cathedral. —
Canon laxo, a coUe^ti. n of ecclesiaftical laws.

CXn'on-ess, re. A woman possessed of a prebend.

Ca-n5n'I-cal, a. Included in the canon ; r

Car'PEL, n. [caTyellum, L.] (Bot.) One of the
parts of a compound pistil.

Car'pen-ter, n. A builder of houses and ships.

Car'pen-try, n. The trade or art of a carpenter.

Car'PET, n. A covering for the floor, of cloth, &c.

Car'pet, v. a. To spread with carpets.

Car'pet-ing, n. Materials for carpets.

Carp'!N&, p. a. Captious ; censorious.

Carp'ing, n. Act of cavilling ; censure ; abuse.

Car'po-lite, n. A petrified fruit or seed.

Car-p6l'o-9^y, n. That branch of botany which
treats of the structure of fruits.

Car'puSjTI. [L.] {Aiiat.) The wrist.

CXr'RA-waY, n. An apple. See Caraway.

CXr'ri-a-ble, a. Capable of being carried.

CXR'RJAqtE (kar'rij), n. Act of carrying ; convey-
ance : — a vehicle with wheels : — behavior ;
conduct ; manners ; deportment.

Syn. — Carriage and manvers respect more the
education; deportment, the disposition. An easy
carriaa-e : mild devieanor; polite behavior; irre-
proachable conduct ; pleasing manners ; modest

Car'ri-er, 71. One who carries: — asort of pigeon.

CXr'ri-QN, n. Dead, putrefying flesh.

CXr'ri-on. a. Relating to, or feeding on, carcasses.

Car'ron-ade, n. A short piece of ordnance.

CXr'rot, 71. An esculent garden vegetable.

CXR'RpT-Y, a. LUce carrots ; of a reddish yello\^.

CXr'row^, 7u pi. Strolling gamesters in Ireland.

CXr'ry, v. a. To convey ; to transport ; to bear :

— to effect : — to gain : — to behave ; to conduct.
CXr'ry, v. n. To convey ; to transport.
Car'ry-All, n. A light four-wheeled carriage.
Carse, n. Flat land in a valley. [Scotland.'\
Cart, 7!. A carriage for burden, with two wheels.
Cart, v. a. To carry or place in a cart.

Cart, v. n. To use carts for carriage.

Cart'A(jje, n. Act of carting, or charge for it.

C'Arte-blanphe' (kart-blSnsh'), n. [Fr.] A
blank paper intrusted to a person, to be filled up
as he pleases : — unconditional terms.

Car-tel' [kar-tel',S. W. J. F. Ja. Sm. ; kar'tel, P.
E. C. Wh.],n. An agreement between two states
at war, relative to the exchange of prisoners : — a
ship for exchanging prisoners : — a challenge.

Cart'^r, 77. One who drives a cart ; a teamster.

Car-te'§ian (kar-te'zhan), a. Kelating to Des
Cartes, or his philosophy.

Car-te'^ian, 71. A follower of Des Cartes.

Cart'-Horse, 77. A horse that draws a cart.

Car-thu'§ian (k^r-thu'zhan), ti. A monk of the

Car-thu'§ian, a. Relating to monks so called.

CAR'Tl-LAfjJE, 71. A tough, elastic substance; gristle.

Car-ti-l,_X(^'in-ous, a. Consisting of cartilage.

Cart'-Load, 77. A quantity sufficieTit to load a cart.

Car-Tog'ra-phy, 77. Construction of maps.

Car-toon', n. A sketch or pattern for tapestry ;
a painting or drawing on large paper.

Car-touch' (kar-toch'), 7i. A case to hold musket-
balls and powder ; a portable box tor cartridges :

— a wooden bomb filled with shot : — a discharge
given a soldier — {Arch.) A modillion ; a cornice :

— a carved ornament.

Car'tridi^e, «. A paper filled with gunpowder:

— a charge of powder in a case.
C'AR'TRi i)(;JE-l!6x, 71. A box for cartridges.
Cart'-Rope, n. A strong rope for draught.
Cart'rOt, 71. The track made by a cart-wheel.

Cart'U-L^-RY, n. A register; a place for recorda

Cart' WRIGHT (kart'rit), n. A maker oi carts.

Car'un-ci.e, 71. A small protuberance of flesh.

Ca-riJn'cu-lar, a. Relating to a caruncle.

Ca-rOn'cv-I^at-ed, a. Having a protuberance.

Carve, v. a. To cut matter into elegant forms ; to
sculpture : — to cut meat at the table ; to cut.

Carve, v. n. To cut stone or meat.

Car'VEL, b. a caravel. See Caravel.

Carv'er, 71. One who carves ; a sculptor.

Carv'ing, 71. Act of carving ; sculpture.

Car-y-a'te$, ) [L.] (Arch.) Figures

Car-y-at'i-DE^,\ of women, instead of col-
umns, to support entablatures.

Car-y-at'ic, a. Relating to caryatides.

CXs'cA-BEL, n. The knob of a cannon.

Cas-cade', 71. A small cataract ; a waterfall.

CXs-CA-R'iL,'LA, 77. A medicinal bark.

Case, n. A box ; a sheath ; a cover: — condition ;
circumstance ; state : — a cause in court : — the
frame containing a printer's types : — an inflection
of noims.

Case, v. a. To put in a case ; to cover ; to encase.

Case'har-den (kas'har-dn), v. a. To harden on
the outside, as iron, or to convert the outside of
jron into steel.

Case'-Knife (kas'nif), «. A table-knife.

Case'mate, 77. A kind of moulding : — a vault.

Ca^e'ment [kaz'ment, S. fV. J. F. Ja. K. Sm.;
kas'ment, P. Wb.], n. {Arch.) A part of a win-
dow opening upon hinges : — a kind of moulding.

CA'SE-Ot5s (ka'she-Ss), a. Resembling cheese.

Ca'sern, n. A lodging for soldiers.

Case'-Shot, 77. Iron or bullets enclosed in a case.

Case'worm (-wiirm), 77. A grub or worm that
makes itself a case.

CXsH, 77. Money ; ready money ; coin : — applied
also to bank-notes.

CXsH, V. a. To pay money for ; to turn into money.

CXsH'-BooK (-buk), 77. A book in which accounts
of receiving and paying money are kept.

Ca-shew'-Tree (ka-shu'trE), 77. A West-Indian
tree which bears the cashew-nut ; called also the
nut of the acajou or acajaiba.

Ca-shier' (k?-sher'), 77. One who has charge of
the money in a bank, &c.

Ca-shier', v. a. To discard : — to dismiss from a
post or office ; to break.

CXsh'-Keep-er, 77. A man intrusted with money.

CXsh'mere, 77. A shawl made of the fine wool of
the Cashmere goat.

CXsh'66, 77. The gum or juice of an Indian tree.

Cas'ing, 77. Act of covering ; a covering ; case.

Cask (12), n. A hollow wooden vessel ; a barrel.

CAs'ket, 77. A small box for jewels. — (JVaut.) A
small rope for fastening a sail.

CXsQUE (kask), 77. A helmet ; armor for the head.

CXs'SA-DA or Cas-Sa'd^ [kas'a-d?, S. fV. Ja. Sm.
Wh. ; k^s-sa'da, K. Crabb, P. Cyc], n. A plant.
Same as cassava. See Cassava.

fCXs'SATE, V. a. To vacate ; to invalidate.

Cas-sa'tiqn, 77. [fAct of annulling:] — a high
court in France.

CXs'sa-va or Cas-sa'va, 77. A species of starch
or fecula ; a plant from which tapioca is formed.

CXsse'-Pa-per, 77. Broken paper.

CXs'si-A (kash'e-a), 77. A sweet spice : — a tree.

CXs'si-bo-NY, 77. A plant: — a mineral ot which
vases are often made.

CXs'si-MERE, 71. A thin woollen cloth : — written
also kerseymere.

CAS-s'r'No, n. A game at cards.

CXs'sQCK, 71. A long under-parment of a priest.

CXs'so-w_A-RV, 77. A large stilt-leggcd bird.

CXss'wiJED, 77. A weed ; shepherd's pouch.

CAsT (19), V, a. [i. cast ; pp. casting, cast.]
To throw ; to fling ; to send ; to scatter: — to con-
demn : — to compute; to contrive: — to shed : —
to found : — to bring forth abortively.

CAST, V. 77. To grow into a form ; to warp.

CAST, 77. A throw ; a casting : — a mould ; a shape:

MlEN, stR; MOVE, NOR, sSn; bOLL, BURjRIJle. — <;,<},^,soft ; C, G,^,^, hard ; § as z ; Tf. as gz : THISt
13 I




— a shade of color;,- air or mien : — a stroke or
touch : — race ; breed.

Cas'ta-net, n. A small shell of ivory, or hard
wood, which dancers rattle in their hands.

CSst'a-way, n. A person lost or abandoned.

Caste, n. A distinct, hereditary class of people
among the Hindoos.

Cas'tel-lan, n. The governor of a castle.

CXs'tel-la-nv, n. The lordship of a castle.

Cas'tel-lat-ed, a. Formed like a castle.

fCAS-TEL-LA'TloN, n. The act of fortifying.

CAst'er, n. One who casts: — a viol : — awheel.

CAs'ter§, n. pi. A frame for holding bottles.

Cas'ti-&ate, v. a. To chastise ; to correct.

Cas-tJ-ga'tion, n. Punishment ; chastisement.

Cas'tJ-ga-tor, n. One who corrects.

CXs'ti-ga-to-ry, a. Punitive ; corrective.

Cast'ing, n. The act of throwing, casting, or
founding ; a vessel or thing cast.

Cast'ing-Net, v.. a net to be thrown.

CAST'iNG-VdTE, n. The vote given by the pre-
siding officer of any assembly, which decides the
question, when the votes are equally divided.

CXs'TLE ^kSs'sl, 12), 71. A fortified house or man-
sion ; a fortress. See Fortification.

Cas'tle (kfts'sl), ». a. {Game of ckess.) To cover
the king with a castle, by a move.

Cas'tled (kis'sld), a. Furnished with castles.

Cas'tle-Guard (kis'sl-gard), n. A feudal tenure.

Cas'tle-ry, n. The government of a castle.

Cast'ling, ?!. An abortion. — a. Abortive.

CAS'TOR,n. [L.] A beaver: — Dneof the Twins, or
Gemmi (Castor & Pollux): — awheel. See Caster.

Cas-to' RE-UM,n. [L.J Matter found in a beaver.

CAs'TOR-oiL, n. An oil from the palma Christi.

CXs-TRA-ME-TA'TlQN, n. Act of forming camps.

Cls'TRATE, V. a. To emasculate ; to geld.

Cas-tra'tion, n. Act of gelding or castrating.

Cas'trel, n. A kind of hawk.

Cas-tren'sian, a. Belonging to a camp.

Ca§'u-al (kazh'u-al), a. Happening by chance;
accidental ; fortuitous ; incidental.

Ca§'u-al-ly (kazh'u-al-le), ad. Accidentally.

CX§'V-AL-NESS, n. State of being casual.

Ci?' V-al-ty (kazh'u-al-te), n. An unforeseen ac-
cident, or event, or misfortune ; chance.

CX§'y-isT (kazh'u-Tst), n. One versed in casuis-
try ; one who settles cases of conscience.

CX§ u-'is'Ti-CAL (kazh-u-is'te-kal), a. Relating to
casuistry or cases of conscience.

CA$'y-is-TRY(kazh'u-js-tre), 71. The science which
settles cases of conscience ; morality..

Cat, n. An animal : — a kind of ship : — a tripod.

CAt'A-bSp-TJST, n. An opponent of baptism.

Cat-a-jEhre'sis, n. : pi. cat-a-£;hre'se§. [Gr.]
{Rhet.) A metaphor ; the abuse of a trope.

Cat-a-£;hres'ti-CAL, a. Forced ; far-fetched.

Cat'a-cly^m, n. A deluge: — a shower-b<ith.

CaT'a-COMB (kat'a-kom), v.; pi. cXt'A-comb§.
A subterraneous place for burying the dead.

CXt-a-cous'tics,7!.7)Z. Science of reflected sounds
or echoes ; cataphonics.

CXT-A-DI-6P'TRIC, ) „ T)„fl„„t: !•„>,,

CXT-A-Di-op'TRi-cAi., \ "■ Reflecting light.

CXt'a-grXph, n. The first draught of a picture.

Cat-a-lec't;c, a. Wanting a syllable.

Cat-a-lec'tJc, n. A verse wanting one syllable.

CXt'a-lep-sy, n. {Med.) A spasmodic disease
in which the action of the senses is suddenly sus-

CXt'a logue (kat'a-log), n. A list of names of
persons, or of the titles of books, &c. — Catalogue
raisonve, a catalogue of books classed under the
heads of their several subjects.

CXt'a logue (kat'a-log), u. a. To make a list of.

Ca-tXl'pa, ?!. {Boi.) 'A large flowering tree.

Ca-tam'a^rXn, n. {JVaut.) A sort of raft.

Cat-a-mk' Ni-A,n. [L.] Menstrual discharges.

Cat -a-me'ni-al, a. Relating to catamenia.

Cat'a-moujvt, > n. A ferocious wild animal ;

CXt-a-moOn'tain, i a wildcat.

CXt'a-pX^M, 71. {Med.) A mixture of powders,

Cat-a-phon'ics, The science or doctrine
of reflected sounds ; catacoustics.

CXt'a-phract, n. A horseman in complete armor.

CXt'a-plX§M, n. A poultice ; a soft piaster.

Cat'a-pult, 7/. [catapulta, L.] An ancient mil-
itary engine for tlirowing stones.

CXt'a-rXct, 72. A great waterfall; a cascade. —
{Med.) A disease of tho eye. consisting in the
opacity of the crystalline lens or its capsule.

Ca-tarrh' (ka-far'), 7!. (Med.) A discharge of
fluid from the nose ; a cold ; influenza.

Ca-tarrh'al (ka-far'ral), ) a. Relating to a ca-

Ca-tarrh'6us (ka-tar'rus), ( tarrh or cold.

Ca-tas'te-ri§m, 77. A cataloguing of tlie stars.

Ca-tXs'tro-phe, 7i. A falling out of events ot
result of occurrences ; a final event ; calamity.

Cat'call, n. A small squeaking instrument.

Catch, v. a. [i, caught or catched ; pp. catch-
ing, CAUGHT or catched.] To lay hold on with
the hand ; to seize ; to stop ; to insnare ; to take j
to receive.

CXtch, v. n. To be contagious ; to lay hold.

Catch, 7i. Seizure ; an advantage taken; a snatch ;
a hold: — any thing that catches: — a song, or
part of a song, sung in succession.

Catch'a-ble, a. Liable to be caught.

Catch'er, 11. The pei-son or thing that catches.

Catch'ing, p. a. Apt to catch ; contagious.

CXTCH'PiJN-Ny, 71. A worthless publication.

CXtch'pen-ny, a. Made for money ; worthless.

Catch'poll, 11. A sergeant ; a buniba lifF.

Catch'up [kach'up, S. JV. J. F. C. ; kat'sup, P ;
kech'up, Ja.], 11. A sauce or condiment.

CXtch'word (-wurd), n. A word under the last
line of a page, repeated at the top of the next.

CXx-E-jBHET'lc, ) a. Consisting of questions

CXt-e-jbhet'i-cal, \ and answers.

CXT-E-fJHET'i-CAL-LY, ad. By question and
answer. _

CXt-e-jehi^e, v. a. To instruct by asking ques-
tions and receiving answers ; to question ; to in-
terrogate : — written also catechize.

Cat'e-jEHI^-er, 71. One who catechises.

CXT'E-jeni^M, 7f. A form of instruction by ques-
tions and answers ; an elementary book.

CST'E-fJHiST, 11. One who teaclies the catechism.

CXT-E-jeHl's'Tl-CAE, a. By question and answer.

CXt'e-ChO, 11. An astringent vegetable substance
used in medicine.

CXt-e-jBhu'men, 71. One who is yet in the rudi-
ments of Christianity ; a ptipil little advanced.

CXt-e-chv-MEN'i-cal, a. Relating to catechu-

CXt-e-Gor'i-CAL, a. Absolute ; positive, as op-
posed to hypothetical .- — direct ; express.

CXt-e-g6r'i-cal-ly, ad. Directly; positively.

Cat'e-go-RY, n. A class or order containing a
great number of genera or species : — an order of
ideas ; a predicament.

CXt-e-na'ri-an, a. Relating to a chain.

CXt'e-na-ry, 7!. A curve line formed by a rope or
chain suspended by both ends.

CXt'e-nate, v. a. To link together ; to chain.

Cat-e-na'tiqn, 77. A regular connection.

Ca'ter, ■«. 77. To procure or provide food.

Ca'ter-er, 77. A provider; a purveyor.

Ca'ter-ess, 77. A woman employed to cater.

CXt'er-pji.-lar, 77. An insect which devours
leaves : — larva of an insect : — a plant.

CXt'er-waul, v. 77. To make a noise as cats.

Cates, 77. pi. Dainties ; viands ; food.

CXt'fish, 77. An Anierican sea-fish.

CXt'gOt, 77. A string for musical instruments: —
a species of linen or canvas.

CXth'a-rist, 77. One who claims great nurity.

CXt'har-pjngs, 77.pi. (Waut.) Small ropes in a
ship. ''

Ca-thXr'tic, n. A purging medicine.

Ca-thar'tic, )a. Tending to purge or cleanse;

Ca-thar't}-cal, ) purgative ; cleansing.

i,E,i,6,u, Yylong; X,fi,l,6,t5p % short; A, ]?, 1,9, y, y, oJscMre.— FARE, FAR, fAst, ALL; HEIB,HEK<




CXr'HEAD, ». "A piece of timber: an apple.

Ca-the-'dba 0?- Cath'e-dra, n. [Gr. & L.] A
professor'slchair ; of authority.

Ca-Th£'deal, 71. ITie head church of a diocese,
in which is the seat or thi'one of a bishop.

Ca-the'dral, a. Relating to a cathedral.

Cath'ji-ter, II. An instrument to draw off urine.

Cat'holes, Two little holes astern in a ship.

Cath'o-lic, a. Universal ; general ; embracing all :
— liberal. — CathoLic chii-rch, literally, the whole
Christian church ; specifically, the church of Rome.

Cath'o-lic, n. A Roman Catholic ; a Papist.

Ca-th6l'i-c1sm [ka-thol'e-sizm, §; JV. P. J. F.
Ja. K. Sm. Cl; katli'o-le-sizm, Wb.]; ?!. The doc-
trine of, or adherence to, the Catholic church : —
liberality ; largeness of mind.

Cath-o-lic'i-ty, Ji. The doctrine of, or adherence
to, the Catholic church : Catholicism.

Ca-th6l'!-c1ze, ?). 7i. To become a Catholic.

Ca-thol'!-con,?i. a universal remedy ; a panacea.

CAT'Kii^ji. A kind of inflorescence ; anient.

CXT'LlNaym. A dismembering knife: — catgut.

Cat'mint, ) n. A strong-scented, perennial plant

Cat'nip, ( or herb.

Cat-p'-Nine'-Tail§, n. A whip yi^ith nine lashes.

Ca-top'sis, n. A morbid quickness of vision.

Ca-t6p'tri-cal, a. Relating to catoptrics.

Ca-top'trics, ?!. pi. That part of optics which
treats of reflected light, or reflected vision.

Ca-t6p'tron, n. A kind of optic glass.

Cat'pTpe, n. A squeaking pipe ; a catcall.

Cat's'-Eve (kats'T), n. A silicious mineral.

Cat's'-Foot (-fut), n. The ground-ivy ; a plant.

Cat's'-Paw, n. The dupe of an artful person.

Cat'stIck, n. A small stick.

Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 16 of 127)