Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

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arch-duch'v, 77. The territory of an archduke.

Xrch-dOke', 77. A sovereign prince of Austria.

Xrch-duke'dom, 77. The territory of an archduke.

Xrch'ed (arcb'ed or archt) [arch'ed, S. W. J. E. ;
archt, K. Sm.], p. a. Formed like an arch.

Xrch'er, 77. One who shouts with a bow.

Xrch'er-v, 77. The use of the bow.

Xrch'es-Court (arch'ez-kort), ?7. A court be-
longing to the archbishop of Canterbury.

aR-ehe-tv'pal, a. Original.

Xr'iEhe-tvpe (G9), 77. The original of which any
copy or resemblance is made ; a model.

Xrch-fiend' (arch-fSnd'), n. The chief of fiendg.
Xr-shi-di-Xc'p-nal, a. Belonging to an arch-
XR-,eH!-E-Pls'cp-PA-CY,n. State of an archbishop.
AR-jEHl-E-Pi's'cp-PAL (69), a. Belonging to an

archbishop, or archbishopric.
AR-eHfM-E-Dii'AN, a. Relatinf;; to Archimedes.
AR-eHi-PEL'A-eo [ar-ke-pel'fi-go, fV. J. E. F. K.
Sm. C. ; arch-e-pel'a-go, Earnshaw], n. A sea
which abounds in small islands.
AR'CHi-TECT (69), 77. A professor of architecture,

or the art of building.
AR-BUl-TEC'TiVE, a. Used in architecture.
AR-^Hl-TECT'ij-RAL, a. Relatmg to architecture.
Xr'CHI-Tect-ure (ar', 77. The art

or science of building : — the effect of the art. ,
AR'eHl-TRAVE. 77. That part of the entablature

which lies immediatelj' upon the columns.
ar'£;hjve§ rar'klvz, 69) [ar'kivz, S. W. F Ja. K.
Sm. R. ; ar'kSvz, J. ; ar'chevz or ar'kevz, S.], n.
pi. The place where records or ancient writings
are kept : — ancient records.
Xr'bhi-vist, 77. A keeper of archives.
ARCH'i-voLT, 77. (Arch.) The Contour of an arch

or frame set off with mouldings.
Xrch'ly, ad. Jocosely ; shrewdly ; slyly.
arch'ness, 71. Shrewdness ; sly humor.
Jiij'^/ioiv (ar'kon), ?7. [Gr.] The chief magistrate

of ancient Athens.
Xrch-pres'bv-ter, ?7. A chief presbyter.
ARCH-PRIEST', 77. A chief priest.
Xrch'way, 77. A vaulted aperture in a building-,

an entrance or passage under an arch.
Xr'cp-graph, 77. An instrument for describing

arcs of circles without centres.
Xrc-ta'tipn, 77. A constipation of the intestines.
Xrc'tic, a. Northern ; lying under the Arctos or
Bear. — Arctic circle, the circle which forms the
southern limit of tlie northern frigid zone.
ar'C'U-ate, a. Bent like an arch or bow.
AR-ct;-A'TipN, 77. The act of bending ; curvit}'.
ar'cu-ba-list, 77. A crossbow.
Xr-cu-ba-lTs'ter or aRtCU-bXl'is-ter [ar-ku-
bal'is-ter, S. W. P. ; ar'ku-bal-js-ter, Ja. : ar-ky-
ba-lis'ter, K. Sm. ffb.'\, n. A crossbow-nian.
ar'den-cv, 77. Ardor ; eagerness ; heat.
Xr'dent, a. Having ardor, hot ; fiery ; zealous.
AR'DpR, 77. [L.j Heat ; heat of affection ; zeal.
*XR'DV-oijs rar'du-Qs, S. P. J. F. Ja. ; ir'ju-us,
W.I, a. High ; hard to climb : — difficult.

Syn. — An arduous path up a high mountain ; —
an arduous enterprise ; a difficult task.
*Xr'dv-ous-ness, 77. Height ; difficulty.
Xre (ar) [ar, S. fV. P. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. IVb.]. The
indicative mode, present tense, plural number, of
_ the verb to be.
A'RE-a, re. [L.] The surface or superficial content

of any figure or space ; any open surface.
Xr-e-fac'tion, 77. Act of growing dry ; a drying.
Xr'e-fy, 75. a. To dry.

A-RE'NA,n. [L.] h. pi. a-JRe'N^ ; Eng. A-Rt'-
NA§. The space for combatants in an amphithe-
XR-E-NA'CEOtJS(-na'shus), ar-e-nose',o. Sandy.
XR-E-NA'TipN, 77. A sort of dry sand-bath.
A-Re' o-LA, 77. [L.] The colored circle round the
'_ nipple.

a-re-6m'e-ter, 7!. An instrument to measure the
_ specific gravity or density of fluids.
a-re-om'e-trv, 71. The art of measuring the spe-
cific gravity of fluids.
Xr-e-op'a-^ite, 77. A senator or judge in the

court of Areopagus at ancient Athens.
AR-E-oP' A-GUH, 77. [L.j The highest court at

AR-E-THU' SA,n. [L.] (Bot.) A plant and flower.
Xr'gand, a. Applied to a large kind of lamp, with

a circular wick, named from the inventor.
ar'(^ent, a. Silvery ; white ; shining like silver.
Xr'(jient, H. (Her) White color in coats of arms.
ar-G-en'tal, a. Containing silver.

A, E,I, O, ll, V,/(777n-; X,E,T, 6, l"', \, short; A, E, !,p, U, \, obscure.— VAR^, FAR, FAST, ALL; HEIR, HER;




Xr-9-en-ta'tion, 71. An overlaying with silver.
Xr-(^en-tif'er-oDs, a. Contaiiunj; silver.
ARVen-tine [d.t'}en-tin, Ja. K. fVb. ; ar'jen-tin,

Sm.j, a. Pertaining to, or like, silver.
Xr'(^il, n. Potter's clay ; argillaceous earth.
AR-^^lL-LA'CEOUS (ir-jil-la'shus), a. Clayey.
ar-c^tIL-lif'er-oDs, a. Producing clay.
Ar-(^il'lous, a. Consisting of clay ; argillaceous.
Xr'gol, «. Tartar of wine.
ar'GQ-naut, n. One of the companions of Jason

in the ship -Argo, in the voyage to Colchis.
Xr-gq-nau'tic, a. Relating to the Argonauts.
AR'Gp-SY, n. A largo vessel for merchandise.
AR'GyE (ar'gu), V. n. To reason ; to dispute.

Syn. — irgue in defence ; reason on the subject ;

dispute in refutation ; debate in the senate.
Xr'gue, c. a. To prove ; to reason ; to debate.
Xr'gu-er, n. One who argues ; a reasoner.
Xr'Gii-mEnt, n. A reason alleged: — the subject

of any discourse : — a controversy : — a plea ; proof.
Syn. — Defend by argument ; justify by reason ;

establish by proof.
Xr-gu-mijnt'al,, a. Belonging to an argument.
Xr-GU-men-ta'tion, n. A process of reasoning.
Xr-gu-ment'a-tive, a. Consisting of argument.
Ar-gu-mSn'tum ad liom'i-nSin, [L.] (Logic.) Argu-
ment to the man : — an argument that derives its

force from its personal application.
■fXR-GUTE', a. Subtle ; witty ; shrill. Barrow.
a' RI - A, n. [It. J (Mas.) An air, song, or tune.
a'RI-an, n. One of the followers of Arius.
a'r!-an-i§m, n. Tlie doctrine or heresy of Arius.
Xr'Id, a. Dry ; parched with heat.
A-RlD'i-TY, n. State of being arid ; dryness.
XR'ID-Niiss, 71. Dryness ; aridity.
a'R1-e^, n. [L.J The Ram: — the first of the

twelve signs of the zodiac, which the sun enters

at the vernal equinox, on the 21st of March.
fXR'l-E-TATE [ar'e-e-tat, S. P. K. Sm. Ask; a-ri'-

e-tat, fV. Johnson], v. n. To butt like a ram.
Xr-i-e-ta'tiqn, 77. Act of butting like a ram.
AR-i-et' TA,n. [It] (Mas.) A short air, song,

A-RIGHT' (Ei-rit'), o-d. Rightly ; correctly.
Xr-i-o' ^o, [It.] (Mas.) Lightsome; gayorgayly.

A-RI^E', 7). 71. [i. AROSE ; pp. ARISING, ARISEN.] To

mount upward ; to get up ; to ascend ; to rise: —
to revive from death : — to proceed from.

XR'ls-TAR-eHV, 7!. A body of good men in power.

Xr-is-toc'RA-cv, 77. That form of government
which places the supreme power in the principal
persons of a state : — the principal persons of a
state or town; nobility; gentry. See Republic.

Xr'!S-TO-crXt or A-Rls'Tp-CRAT [ar-js-to-krat',
W. P. ; ar'js-to-krat, Ja. Sm. R. ; a-ris'to-krat, C.
tfb.], 77. One who favors aristocracy ; a haughty

^r-is-tq-crXt'ic, } a. Relating to aristocracy ;

Hr-is-tq-crat'i-cal, J haughty; exclusive.

SR-is-TQ-TE'Ll-AN," a. Relating to Aristotle.

JtR-js-TO-TE'Ll-AN, 77. A follower of Aristotle.

^-RlTH'MAN-cy [si-rith'main-se, S. IV. Ja.; ar'jth-
man-se, IVb.], n. A foretelling by numbers.

A-RiTH'ME-Tic, 77. The science of numbers.

XR-jTH-MiiT'l-CAL, a. According to arithmetic.

^-RlTH-Mfi-Ti"ciAN (si-rith-me-tish'5in), 77. One
who is versed in aritlimetic.

Xrk, 77. A chest: — a vessel to swim upon the
water : usually applied to that in which Noah
and his family were preserved : — a large, rude

Xrle.^ (it\z), 77. pi. Earnest-money given to ser-

Xrm, 77. The limb which reaches from the hand to
the shoulder: — a bough of a tree: — an inlet of
the sea: — a branch of military service.

Xrm, v. a. To furnish with arms ; to fortify.

Xrm, v. 71. To take arms.

AR-MA'f>A,n. [Sp.] An armament for sea ; a fleet.

ar-ma-d1l' Lo, 71. [Sp.] A bony-shelled animal.

Xr'MA-m£nt, 71. A force equipped for war.

ar'ma-ture, 71. Armor for defending the body : —
a piece of soft iron applied to the loadstone.

arm'-Chair, 77. A chair with rests for the arms.

ar'men-tine n9), a. Relating to a herd of cattle.

arm'fOl, n. As much as the arms can hold.

Xrm'hole, 77. A cavity under the shoulder: — a
hole in a garment for tlie arm.

AR'Mi-jiER,n. [L.] A knight or esquire ; a title.

Ar-mi^'er-ous, a. Bearing arms.

ar'mil-la-ry, a. Resembling a bracelet.

ar'mil-lat-ed, a. Having bracelets.

Ar-min'ian (Vr-min'yftn), 71. A follower of Ar-
minius, who differed from Calvin.

Ar-mi'n'ian, a. Relating to the sect of Arminius.

Ar-min'ian-i§m, 77. The doctrine of Arminius.

Ar-mip'q-tence, 77. Power in war.

Ar-Mip'o-tent, a. Powerful in arms. Shak.

ar'mis-tice, 77. A cessation from arms; a "-.n-
porary suspension of hostilities ; a truce.

arm'let, 71. A little arm ; a bracelet.

ar'mqr, 77. Defensive arms for tbo body.

ar'mor-BeAr'er (ir'mgr-bir'er), 77. One who
carries the armor of another.

ar'mqr-er, 77. One who makes or sells arms.

Ar-mo'ri-al, a. Belonging to annor ; heraldic.

ar'MO-ry, 71. A place in which arms are depos-
ited for use : — armor : - ■ ensigns armorial.

arm'PIT, 71. The hollow place under the shoulder.

ARM§, 71. pi. Weapons of offence or defence. ■ —
(Her.) The ensigns armorial. of a family.

Syn. irms originally meant instruments o(

offence, and weapons, instruments of defence.
Wc say fire-arms, never fire-77>effi;)07(.s, because fire
is not employed defensively. Cannons, muskets,
pistols, &c. are fire-arms ; bows and arrows, clubs,
stones, &c. are weapons.

ar'mv, 71. A large body of armed men under a
military commander ; a host.

Ar-n6t't6, 71. See Annotto.

Ji-Ro'MA, n. [Gr.] The odorant principle of
plants ; a pleasant odor.

ar-o-mat'ic, )a. Containing aroma ; spicy ;

AR-p-MAT'j-CAL, I fragrant.

AR-o-MAT'ics, «. pi. Fragrant spices or drugs.

AR-p-MAT-!-ZA'TioN, 71. The mingling of aro-
matic spices with any medicine.

AR'p-MA-TlZE or A-ro'ma-tize [ar'o-ma-tiz,
S. W. E. K. R. ; 51-rom'a-tiz, P. ; j-ro'mji-tiz, Ja.
Sm.], V. a. To scent with spices.

A-r6'ma-TOUS, a. Containing aroma.

A-ROSE', 1. From arise. See Arise.

A-RoOnd', ad. In a circle ; on every side.

A-ROUND', prep. About; near to ; encircling.

A-RoO§E', V. a. To wake from sleep ; to raise up.

A-r6vnt', interj. Begone ; away.

^iJ-P£jff'jS/-6 (ar-ped'je-6), 71. [It.] (JUus.) The
distinct sound of the notes of an instrumental
chord, accompanying the voice.

.^KPSJVT (ar'pang), 77. [Fr.] A French acre.

AR-QUEBUS-ADE', 71. [Fr.J (Med.) All aro-
matic, distilled lotion, applied to a bruise or wound.

Xr'QUE-bDse,_i7. [Fr.] A hand gun ; a fusee.

AR-QUE-BUS-iER' (ar-kwe-bus-5r'), 71. A soldier
armed with an arquebuse.

Xrr, 77. A mark made by a flesh-wound. {Local.]

AR-RACK' [ar-rak', W. P J. F. Ja. : ar'ak, S. fC.
Sm.], 71. A spirit procured by distillation from
the cocoa-tree, or rice, or from mare's milk.

Ar-Raign' (Fir-ran'), v. a. To bring before a tribu-
nal I to charge ; to indict ; to accuse.

Ar-raign' (5ir-ran'), ti. Arraignment.

Ar-RA1GN'ment, 77. The act of arraigning.

fAR-RAi'MENT, 71. Clothing; dress.

Arrange', v. a. To put in regular order; to
range ; to class ; to place.

AR-RAN(;tE'MENT, 71. Act of arranging ; order.

Xr'rant, a. Bad in a high degree ; vile.

Ar'ras, 77. Rich tapestry, first made at Arras.

Ar-ray',71. Order of battle : — dress: — a ranking.

Ar-rav' f?r-ra'), v. a. To put in order ; to deck.

Ar-rear', 77. That which remains unpaid.

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n ; bOlL, BUr, rOLE. — 9, (;>, g, ««/< ; £,G,c,^,liard ; Kasz; ^asZ'i: THIS,
9 '^ F*




AR-REAR'A(J-E,n. Remainderofan account ; arrear.

fAR-REcT', V. a. To raise or lift up ; to erect.

AR-RECT', a. Erected; attentive; upright; erect.

fAR-REP-Ti"Tio(js (ar-rep-tish'us), a. Snatched
away ; crept in privily : — mad.

Ar-rEst', ?(. {Law.) A seizure under legal process.

Ar-REST', v. a. To seize ; to apprehend ; to stay.

aR-RES-ta'TIO\, n. Act of arresting.

Ar-rEt' [jr-ret', .fa. Sm. Wb. ; ar-ra', P.], n. [Fr.]
A decree ; a decision of a court.

^r-riere', n. [Fr.]^ The rear of an army.

Ar-RI'val, ?i. Act ot coming to any place. •

Ar-rTve', v. n. To come to any place, to happen.

ar'RO-gance, ) n. Assumption of too much im-

ar'rq-gan-CY, \ portance ; insolence of bearing.

ar'RO-Gant, a. Possessed of arrogance ; haughty ;
assuming ; authoritative ; despotic ; magisterial.

Xr'RO-GANT-LY, ad. In an arrogant manner.

ar'RQ-GATE, v. a. To claim vainly ; to assume.

aR-RO-ga'tiqn, n. Act of arrogating : — adoption.

ar'RO-ga-tIve, a. Claiming in an unjust man

jlRROlVDlssEMENT(a.r-ron'<iea-itving'),n. [Fr.]
A subdivision of a department.

Xr'row, n. A pointed weapon shot from a bow.

ar'row-r66t, n. A farinaceous substance.

AR'EOVir-Y (ar'ro-e), a. Consisting of arrows.

ar'se-NAL, n. A magazine of military stores.

ARSE'NIC or AR'SE-Nic [ars'nik, S. fV J. F K. ;
ar'se-nlk, Ja. i'm.], n. A poisonous mineral sub-

Ar-s£n'i-cal, a. Containing arsenic.

AR-si^'Ni-oDs, a. Containing arsenic.

AR'sfi>,n. [Gr.] (Mas.) The raising of the hand,
as applied to the beating of time.

AR'sQN, n. (Law.) The act of voluntarily and
maliciously burning the house of another.

ART. The second person singular, indicative mode,
present tense, of the verb to be.

Xrt, n. The application of human knowledge or
skill in the formation of things ; opposed to va-
titre : — a science : — one of the fine arts, as poetiy,
music, architecture, painting, sculpture, &c. ; or
one of the useful or mechanical arts : — a trade : —
artfulness ; artifice ; skill ; dexterity ; cunning.

AR-Te'ri-al, a. Relating to an artery.

AR-TiS-Ri-AL-i-ZA'TioN, 11. Act of arterializing.

Ar-te'ri-al-ize, ». n. To impart, as to venous
blood, the qualities of arterial blood.

AR-TE-ri-ot'p-MV, n. The opening of an artery.

ar'te-rv, n. One of the cylindrical tubes or ram-
ifications of the aorta, which convey the blood
from the heart to all parts of the body.

AR-te'^ian (ar-ts'zhan), a. Relating to Artois in
France. — Irtesian well, a well made by boring
into the earth, often to a great depth.

Srt'ful, a. Cunnina- ; sly; crafty; dexterous.

Xrt'ful-LV, ad. With art; cunningly; skilfully.

art'fOl-ness, 71. Quality of being artful.

Ar-thrit'ic, ) a. Relating to arthritis or the

AR-tiirTt'!-cal, \ gout; gouty.

JIr-thrVtih [ar-thri'tis, Ja. ; ar-thrit'is, P. j

■ iirth'rj-tTs, './3i-/t], ?i. [Gr.] The gout.

ar't]-C'Hoke, n. A plant and esculent root.

ar'ti-cle, n. A part of speech ; as, a, an, the .- —
a single clause of an account : — pi. terms ; stipu

Sijn. — Articles of indenture, of agreement,
terms of settlement ; express stipulations • condi-
tions of sale.

Sr'ti-cle, v. n. To engage.

ar'ti-cle, v. a. To draw up or bind by articles.

AR-tTc'v-lar, a. Relating to articles or joints.

Ar-tYc'u-late, v. a. To form words ; to speak:
— to form joints to ; to joint.

Syn. — Articulate distinctly ; prorinitnce properly.

Ar-tic'ij-late, v. II. To speak distinctly

Ar-TIc'iJ-LATE, a. Distinct; plain : —jointed.

AR-Tic'y-LATE-tjV, ad. In an articulate manner.

Ar-tTc-u-la'tion, n. Act of articulating: — a
consonant : — a joint ; a juncture.

Xr'ti-fice, n. A crafty device ; trick ; fraud ; de-
ceit ; cunning ; art ; evasion.

Ar-tif'i-cer, n. A mechanic ; a manufacturer.

AR-Tl-Fl"ciAE (ar-te-fish'al), a. Made by art, not
natural; fictitious; not genuine : — artful.

ar-ti-fi-ci-al'i-ty (ar-te-fish-e-al'e-te), (). The
quality of being artificial : — appearance of art.

AR-T!-Fi"ciAL-LV, arf. By art ; not naturally.

AR-TiL'LE-liiST, n. One who manages artillery.

AR-til'le-rv, n. Weapons ot war ; ordnance : —
troops that manage ordnance, cannon, &c.

AR'T!-§An or aR-TI-§an' [ar'te-ziin, P.J. K. Sin,
R. fVb. ; ar-te-zan', S. W. F. Ja.], n. A mechan
ic ; an artificer ; a manufacturer.

art'ist, ?(. One who practises one of the fine arts.

Ar-tis'tic, ) a. Relating to the arts, or to an

AR-Tis'TJ-CAL, \ artist.

ART'LESS, a. Unskilful ; void of art ; simple.

art'less-lv, ad. In an artless manner ; naturally.

art'less-ness, M. Want of art; simplicity.

A-run-di-na'ceous (a-run-de-na'shus), o. Of or
like reeds.

AR-UN-DiN'E-oDs, a. Abounding with reeds.

A-rOs'pice, ?t. [ariispex, L.] A soothsayer.

A-Rris'pi-cy, n. Divination by inspecting entrails.

A§, conj. & ad. In the same or like manner; in the
manner tliat ; that ; for example ; like ; equally.

ASA-FCET' IDA (as-a-fet'e-da), n. See Assafceti-

As-BES'TllNE, a. Pertaining to asbestos. [da.

AsbEs'tos, * n. [Gr.] (Min.) A mineral sub-

As-BES'TUS, ) stance, fibrous and incombustible,
of which incombustible cloth is sometimes made.

Jis-CAR' l-DE!$,n. pi. [Gr.] Intestinal worms.

As-cend', v. n. To rise ; to move upwards.

As-cend', v. a. To climb up ; to mount.

As-cEnd'a-ble, a. Capable of being ascended.

As-cEnd'ant, n. Height ; elevation ; superior-
ity : — a person having influence ; — an ancestor.

As-cEnd'ant, a. Superior; above the horizon.

As-cEN'DE\-CY,n. Influence ; authority ; pov\'er.

As-cen'sion (as-sen'shun), n. Act of ascending ;
act of rising or, mounting upwards.

As-cEn'SION-Day, n. The day on which the as-
cension of our Saviour is commemorated ; the last
Thursday but one before Whitsunday.

As-cent', n. Act of rising ; rise ; an eminence.

as-cer-TAIN', v. a. To make certain ; to establish.

AS-CER-TAlN'A-BLE,a. That maybe ascertained.

AS-CER-TAlN'MENT, n. The act of ascertaining.

As-cEt'ic, a. Relating to ascetics ; austere.

As-cEt'ic, n. A devout recluse ; a hermit.

As-CET'l-ci^M, ?(. State or practice of an ascetic

As'ciAN, n. ,■ pi. AS'CIANf (ash'yanz) [ascii, ash'e-i ,
L. pi.] Those people who, at certain times of the
year, have no shadow at noon.

As-cj'TE§, n. [L.] A dropsy of the abdomen.

As-ciT'ic or AS-ciT'l-CAL, a. Dropsical.

As-CRi'isA-BLE, a. That may be ascribed.

As-cribe', v. a. To attribute to as a cause . — to
attribute as a quality ; to impute.

As-cRiP'TioN, n. Act of ascribing ; thing ascribed.

ASH, 7(. A tree ; the wood of the ash.

A-shamed' (a-shamd'), a. Touched with shame.

XsH'E-Ry, n. A manufactory of potash : — a place
for ashes ; an ashhole. [U. S.]

ash'e§, n. pi. The dust or remains of any thing
burnt ; the remains of a dead body.

Xsii'hole, 71. A place for ashes.

Asii'lar, j n. Freestone as it comes from the

ash'ler, ( quarry, or squared for building.

A-sh6re', arf. Onshore; to the shore ; stranded.

Asii-Wednes'day, ji. The first day of Lent.

Asu'y, a. Asli-colored ; turned into ashes.

A-si-AT'lc (a-she-at'ik), a. Pertaining to Asia.

A-si-AT'ic (a-she-at'jk), n. A native of Asia.

A-si-AT'i-ci^M (a-siie-at'e-sizm), n. An Asiatic
fashion, style, or idiom.

A-sIuE', ad. To one side ; apart from the rest.

fAs'i-NA-Ry, a. Uelonging to an ass ; asinine.

As'i-NJNE, a. Relating to or resembling an ass.

ASit (12), V. a. To seek to know by words; to

A,T.,i,0,V,\,long : A, E,T,0,P, \, short ;A, E, I, O, i;,V, oi^scitre.— FARE, FAR, FAsT, ALL; HEIR, HER




request ; to beg ; to claim ; to demand ; to ques-

XsK, V. n. To petition ; to make inquiiy.

As-Kance', ) ad. Sideways ; obliquely ; aside ;

As-kant', ) askew.

SsK'ER, 71. One who asks ; inquirer.

A-SKiJw' (a-sku'), ad. Aside ; with contempt.

A-SLANT', ad. In a slanting manner; on one side.

A-SLi3i2P', a. & ad. Sleeping ; at rest : — dead.

A-sl6pe', ad. With declivity ; obliquely.

A-so'MA-Toas [a-so'ma-tiis, ./a. Sm. Wb.; a-s6m'-
a-tus, P. C.]. a. Incorporeal ; without a body.

Xsp (12), n. A poisonous serpent.

As-par'a-gCs, n. [L.] An esculent plant.

Xs'PECT, n. Look ; countenance ; air ; view.

AS'PEN, n. A poplar having tremiiling leaves.

AS'PElv, a. Belonging to the aspen-tree.

Xs'PER,_n. A small Turkisli coin.

Is'PE-RATE, i\ a. To roughen. See Aspirate.

As-per'i-TY, n. Roughness ; harshness : sharpness.

A-SPER'Moys, a. Destitute of seeds.

As-perse', v. a. To vilify ; to slander ; to defame.
Syn. — Men asperae tlieir neighbors by insinu-
ations ; vilify or defame them by advancing charges
to injure their character ; slander and calumniate
them by propagating evil reports of them to others ;
detract from their excellence by undervaluing the
motives of their good deeds.

As-PER'STON, n. A sprinkling : — censure ; calumny.

As-phXlt', 7i. Bitumen; asphaltum.

As-phXl'tic, a. Gummy; bituminous.

As-PHAL' Tos,n. [Gr.l Same a.s asphaltum.

An-PHAL'Tt/M, n. [L.] Mineral pitch ; native
bitumen, solid and combustible. — Anglicized to

Xs'PHQ-DEL, 7!. The day-lily ; the king's pear.

As-PHVX'i-ATE, 11. fl. To strangle ; to sufibcate.

As-PHYX'y, n. [asphyxia, L.] {Med.) Interrup-
tion of respiration ; suspended animation.

Xs'pic, 71. A piece of ordnance: — a serpent ; asp.

As-PIR'ANT or Xs'pi-RANT [as-pir'jnt, K. Sm.
R. fVb.; as'pe-rant nr as-plr'ant, Ja.], n. One
who aspires : a candidate ; an aspirer.

Xs'Pl-RATi:, V. a. To pronounce with full breath,
or with the sound of the letter h: — to mark with
the aspirate.

Xs'Pi-RATE, a. Pronounced with full breath.

AS'pi-RATE, 77. A mark to denote an aspirated pro-
nunciation : — a rough breathing.

AS-PI-RA'TION, 77. A breathing after; an ardent
wish : — act of pronouncing with full breath.

As-p1re', v. n. To aim at ; to desire eagerly.

As-pTr'er, 77. One who aspires.

As-pTr'ing, /7. a. Endeavoring to rise ; ambitious.

Xs-POR-TA'TipN,77. {Law.) Act of carrying away.

A-squTnt', ad. Obliquely ; not in a right line.

ASS (12), 77. An animal of burden : — a dull fellow.

Xs-sa-fcet'i-da (as-Fi-fet'j-da, 47), n. A very fetid
gurn-resin, used ui medicine.

As-sail', v. a. To attack in a hostile manner; to
falljipon ; to assault : — to attack with argument.

As-saii.'a-ble, a. That may be assailed or

As-sail'ant, 77. One who attacks or invades.

As-saii/ant, a. Attacking; aggressive.

As-sail'er, 77. One who attacks.

As-sail'ment, 77. Act of assailing. .Tnhnson.

As-sXs'siN, 77. A secret murderer ; assassinator.

As-sXs'si-NATE, V. a. To murder by violence and
surprise. See Kill.

As-sXs-si-na'tiqn, 77. The act of assassinating.

As-sXs'si-NA-TpR, 77. One who assassinates.

As-SAULT', 77. jlttaclc ; storm ; hostile violence.

As-SAULT', 7). a. To attack ; to fall upon violently.

As-sault'a-ble, a. Capable of being assaulted.

As-satjlt'er, n. One who assaults.

^s-sav', n. Examination ot ores and metals, or of
weights and measures ; a trial ; attempt.

;\s-SA y' (fis-sa'), V. n. To try ; to endeavor.

As-say', v. a. T'o try or prove, as metals.

A.s-say'er, 77. One who assays motal

As-sfiM'BLAqtE, 77. A collection ; an assembly.

fAs-SEM'BLANCE, 77. Similitude. Shak.

As-sJSM'BLE, V. a. To bring together ; to collect.

As-si2M'BL.E, V. n. To meet together.

As-sem'bly, 71. A company ; an assemblage ; coL
lection ; congregation ; convocation ; convention.
Syn. — An assembly or assemblage of persons ; a
group of figures ; a collection of books. — A legisla-
tive or ecclesiastical assembly ; a company of sol-
diers ; a Christian congregation ; an ecclesiastical
or legislative council; a Presbyterian synod; a
convocation of bishops and clergy ; an ecclesiasti-
cal or political convention ; the American congress ;
the British parliament ; the German diet.

As-sfiNT', n. Act of agreeing ; consent.

As-sent', v. n. To concede ; to agree to ; to
consent \_ to comply.

as-sen-Ta'tion, 77. Compliance. Bp. Hall.

As-siJRT', V. a. To maintain ; to affirm ; to claim.

As-ser'tion, 77. Act of asserting ; affirmation.

As-ser'tiqn-AL, a. Implying assertion.

As-si3R'TiVE, a. Positive ; dogmatical.

As-ser'tor, 77. One who asserts : maintainer.

Xs'ser-to-ry [as'ser-tiir-e, Ja. A'. Sm. R. ; as-ser'-
to-re, Wb.\,a. Asserting; supporting.

As-SESS', V. a. To charge with any sum ; to rate.

As-sisss'A-BLE, a. That may be assessed.

As-SES'siQN-A-RY, a. Pertaining to assessors.

As-sisss'MENT, 71. Act of assessing ; sum assessed.

As-SESS'pR, 77. One who assesses ; an assistant.

as-ses-so'ri-al, a. Relating to assessors.

Xs'siJTS [as'sgts, S. W. P. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. R.;
as-sets', C. fVb.], n. pi. {Law.) Goods and chat-
tels for the discharge of debt^, legacies, &c.

tAs-SEV'ER^i). a. To asseverate. Baiiey.

As-sE:v'er-ate, v. a. To affirm solemnly ; to aver.

As-SEV-ER-A'TlpN, 77. A solemn affirmation.

Xs-si-DU'l-TY, 77. Diligence ; close application.

As-siD'y-oDs, a. Very diligent; constant; busy.

As-siD'y-OUS-LY, (zrf. Diligently; constantly.

As-sTd'u-ous-ness, 77. Diligence ; assiduity.

As-sIGtN' (as-sin'), v. a. To mark out ; to appro-

Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 8 of 127)