Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

. (page 80 of 127)
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Pil'la^E, v. a. To plunder ; to ranage ; to spoil.
PiL'LA-(^ER, 77. A plunderer; a spoiler.
Pil'lar, 77. A long body that helps to sustain a

superstructure; a column; a support; a sup-

Sj/re. — A pillar is a permanent prop or support,

of whatever shape ; column, a round pillar.
Pil'lared (pil'lard), a. Supported by columns.
PiL-LA u' , n. A Turkish dish, made of boiled rice

and mutton fat or juice.
PiLL'ipN (pil'yun), 77. A woman's saddle ; a pad.
Pil'lo-rv, n. An instrument of punishment.
Pil'lq-ry, 71. a. To punish with the pillory.
Pil'low (pil'lo), ». That which supports the head

in sleeping, as a cushion of feathers or hair.
PlL'LOVi' (pji'lo), V. a. To place on a pillow.
Pil'low-Bear, 77. A pillow-case : — written also

pillow-beer and pillow-bier.
Pil'lo w-Case 77. A case or cover of a pillow-
Pj-Los'i-TV, re. Hairiness.
PI'lot, re. One who steers a ship ; a guide.
Pi'LpT, V. a. To steer ; to direct in the course.
PI'LOT-Ai^E, re. The otfice or pay of a pilot.
PI'Loys 07- Pi-lose', a. Hairy; full of hairs.
Pl-MiiN'TA or Pl-MiJN'TO, re. A spice ; allspice.
Pimp, re. A procurer ; a pander.
Pimp, v. n. To pander; to procure, as a pimp.
PiM'per-nEl, h. a plant of several kinds.
PIm'ple, 77. A small, red pustule ; a blotch.
PlM'PLED (pTm'pld), a. Full of pimples.
Pin, 77. A s'lort, pointed wire with a head, used

for fastening clothes ; a peg ; a bolt.
Pin, v. a^ To make fast ; to join ; to fix ; to fasten.
Pin'a-fore, re. A child's apron ; an apron.
PlN'cASE, re. A case for pins.
FiN'cER^, 77. pi. An instrument to draw nails, &c
Pinch, 7!. a. To squeeze ; to gripe; to straiten.
Pinch, v. re. To bear hard upon ; to be frugal.
Pinch, h. a gripe : difficulty ; distress.
PiNCii'BiiCK, re. An alloy oif copper and zinc.
PiNCH'ER, II. He or that which pinches.
Pinch'er§, 77. pi. A griping instrument : — more

commonly written pincers.
PiN'cOsH-ipN (pin'kCish-un), re. A stuffed bag or

cushion to stick pins in.
PiN-DAR'ic, re. An irregular ode.
PlN-DAR'lc, a. After the manner of Pindar ; lofty.
Pin'dOst, re. Metal dust in a pin-manufactory.
Pine, n. A large, evergreen tree : — a pineapple.
PiNE, V. n. To languish ; to wear away.
Pin'e-al, a. Applied to a gland in the brain.
PIne'ap-ple, 77 The ananas ; a tropical fruit.
PiN'E-RY, re. A place for raising pineapples.
PiN'FiiATil-ER, re. A feather beginning to shoot,

and not fully grown.
Pin'fEath-ered (-erd), a. Having pinfeathers.
PiN'FOLU, 77. A place for confining beasts.
Pin'foot-ed (pin'fut-ed), a. Having the toes or

feet bordered by a membrane.
fPiN'GUiD (pliig'gwid), a. Fat; unctuous.
PiN'HOLE, re. A small hole or perforatiim.
PiN'lpN (pTn'yun), n. The joint of t'he wing re-
motest from the body; a wing: — a fetter or

bond: — the tooth of a wheel; a small, toothed

wheel which acts on a larger one.
PfN'ipN (pui'yun), V. a. To bind ; to shackle.
Pin'iqned (pin'yiind), a. Furnislied with wings.
Pink, re. A small, fragrant flower: — anything

supremely excellent : — a color of reddish hue : -^

an eye: — a little fish ; the minnow.
Pink, c. a. To work in eyelet-holes ; to pierce.
PlN'-MAK-ER, re. One who makes pins.
Pin'-mon-ey, w. a wife's pocket money.
PiN'NACE, re. A boat belonging to a ship of war.
Pin'na-cle, re. A turret ; a high, towering point,
Pin'nate, )a. Formed like a wing or featlier;
Pin'nat-ed, j feathered: having leaflets.
PlN-N.iT'i-Flu, a. {But.) Divided; pinnated.


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Pin-Nat'i-PED [pin-nat'e-ped, Sm. Brande ; pin'-

na-te-ped, TVb/], a. Fin-tooted.
PiN'NER, n. A pin-maker: — part of a head-dress.
PiNT, 71. Half a quart. — {Med.) 12 ounces.
Pi'N'TLE, n. A little pin : — a long iron bolt.
PiN'ULE, n. One of the sights of an astrolabe.
Pi'ny, a. Abounding with, or resembling, pines.

FI-o-NEER', n. A soldier who clears roads, &c.
Pi-p-NEER', V. a. & n. To prepare, or act as a
pioneer ; to remove obstructions.

Pi'p-NV, n. A large flower : — written also peony.

Pl'oysj a. Dutiful to God ; devout ; religious.

Pi'OUS-LY, ad. In a pious manner; religiously.

Pip, n. A disease of fowls : — a spot on playing-
cards : — an apple-seed.

Pip, v. n. To chirp or cry as a bird ; to peep.

Pipe, n. A long, hollow body ; a tube: — a tube
for smoking : — an instrument of music : — the
key of the voice : — a large cask : — a measure of
two hogsheads.

Pipe, v. n. & a. To play on the pipe ; to whistle.

PIpe'-clay, n. Plastic clay used for pipes.

Pip'ER, n. One who plays on the pipe.

Pip'ER-TB9^E,n. The barberry ; a shrub ;pepperidge.

Pip'er-Tne, n. Active principle of black pepper.

PiP'iNG, a. That pipes ; — weak ; feeble : — boil-
ing ; as, "piping hot." [yulgar.]

Pip'KiN, n. A small earthen boiler.

Pip'piN, 71. A species of apple.

PiQU'AN-cY (pik'jn-se), n. Sharpness ; tartness.

PiQU'ANT (pik'ant), a. Sharp ; pungent ; severe.

PiQu'ANT-LY (pik'ant-le), arf. Sharply; tartly.

Pique (p5k), n. lU-wili ; slight anger; grudge.

PlQUE (p5k), V. a. To kindle to emulation ; to
ofTend ; to irritate: — to value ; to pride.

Pi-quet' (pe-ket'), «. [Fr.] A game at cards.

Pi'ra-cy, 7j. The crime of robbery on the sea;
robbery : — literary theft.

Pi-ra'gua, n. A rude canoe ; pirogue.

Pi'rate, n. One who practises piracy ; a sea-rob-
ber ; a robber : — a literary robber.

Pi'rate, «. a. To rob ; to take by robbery or theft.

PI'rate, v. n. To practise piracy or robbery.

PI'rat-ed, p, a. Taken by piracy or theft.

PT-rXt'i-cal, a. Predatory , practising robbery.

PT-RAT'i-CAL-LY, ad. In a piratical manner.

Pi-RoeuE' (pe-rog'), n. [Fr.J A canoe formed
out of a large tree.

PiR-dv-ETTE' ,n. [Fr.] A twirl, as in dancing.

PIs'cA-RY, 71. (Law.) A privilege of fishing.

fPls-CA'TION, n. The act or practice of fishing.

Pis'CA-TO-RY, a. Relating to fishes or fisliing.

Plts'CE$, [L.] Fishes. — (./2it7-07i.) The Fish-
es ; the 12th sign in the zodiac.

Pls-civ'o-RoDs, a. Fish-eating ; living on flsh.

Pish, intcrj. A contemptuous exclamation.

Pl^'MlRE or Pis'MiRE [pTz'mire, IV. J. F. Ja. Sm.
R. ; pis'mir, S. P. E. K^, n. An ant ; an emmet.

PI'sp-LiTE, n. (Min.) The pea-stone ; pistolite.

Viss' A-BET>,n. A yellow flower.

Pis-ta'9HIO [pis-ta'sho, S. fV. E. Ja. K. R. ; pjs-
ta'cho, J. Sm.], n. A Syrian nut.

Pts-TA-REEN', 71. A silver coin, valued at 17 cents.

Pis'til, n. (Bot.) The pointal or organ of a fe-
male flower, which receives the pollen.

Pls'TOL, n. A small hand-gun.

Pls'TOL, V. a. To shoot with a pistol.

Pis-t5le', n. [Fr.] A gold coin of Spain, &c.

Pis'Tp-LET, n. A little pistol : — a coin.

PIs'Tp-LiTE, n. {Mill.) A carbonate of lime,
found in globules resembling peas ; the pea-stone.

Pfs'TpN, n. A cylinder used in pumps, &c., which
works up and down, causing suction ; embolus.

PIT, n. A deep hole: — abyss: — the grave: —
a hollow part.

Pit, v. a. To indent ; to press into hollows.

Pi't'a-pXt, n. A flutter. — ad. In a flutter.

PITCH, n. A resin from the pine ; bitumen : —
size ; degree ; rate ; height: — inclination.

PITCH, D. a. To fix ; to plant ; to cast: — to smear.

Pitch, v. n. To light ; to drop ; lo fall headlong.

PiTCH'ER, 71. An earthen vessel; a water-pot.
PiTCH'ER-PLSNT,7t. A plant of which the petiole

is hollowed out like a pitcher.
Pitch'fork, 71. A fork for pitching hay, corn, &.c.
PiTCH'l-NESS, 77. State of being pitchy.
PiTCH'PiPE, 7(. An instrument to give the key.
Pitch'v, a. Smeared with pitch ; black ; dark.
Pit'-coal, 77. Fossil or mineral coal.
*Pit'e-OUS [pit'e-us, P. J. Ja. Sm. ; pit'yus, S.

E. F. K. ! pich'e-us, fV.], a. Sorrowful; mourn-
ful; pitiable; doleful: — compassionate; tender.

*PiT'E-ous-LY, ad. In a piteous manner.

*P1t'e-oijs-ness, 71. Sorrowfulness ; tenderness.

PiT'FALL, 77. A pit dug and covered over.

Pith, 71. A soft substance in plants : — marrow in
animal bodies : — strength ; force : — importance ;
moment : — quintessence ; chief part.

PiTH'l-LY, ad. With strength ; with force.

PiTH'l-NESS, 77. Quality of being pithy.

PTth'less, a. Wanting pith ; wanting force.

PiTH'Y, a. Abounding with pith ; strong.

PiT'!-A-BLE, a. Deserving pity ; commiserable.

Pl'T'l-A-BLE-NESS, II. The State of deserving pity.

Pit'i-fOl, a. [Tender, compassionate, Sliak.] : —
base ; mean ; paltry.

Syn. — Pitiful was once used in a good sense,
as, " Be pitiful, be courteous " (1 Peter iii. 8) , but
it is now used only in an ill sense ; as, a pitiful
(i. e. a base, mean, or paltry) trick or artifice.

Pit'i-fOl-ly, ad. With pity : — contemptibly.

PiT'!-FOL-N£SS,77. Compassion : — despicableness.

PiT'i-LESS, a. Wanting pity ; merciless.

PiT'i-LESS-EY, ad. Without pity or mercy.

Pit'i-less-ness, 77. Unmercifulness.

Pit'Man, 71. One who works in a pit.

PiT'sAW, 77. A large saw used by two n",en.

Pit'tance, 77. A small allowance ; a trifle.

Pl-Tu'l-TA-RY, a. Conducting phlegm ; pituitons.

Pi-Tu'l-ToTis, a. Relating to, or containing, phlegm.

Pit'y, 7!. Compassion; commiseration: sympathy
with misery.

Sun. — Pity and compassion are to be cherislied
for the distressed, wliether they deserve well or
ill. Commiseration is fellow-siilfering ; sympatliy,
fellow-feeling with others ; condolence, an expres-
sion of grief for another's loss of friends.

PiT'Y,7). a. To compassionate ; to sympathize with.

Pit'y, 7;. 77. To be compassionate.

PiV'pT, 74. A pin or point on which any thing
turns. — {Mil.) The officer or soldier upon whom
the wheelings, in evolutions, are made.

Pix, 77. A little box or chest. See Pyx.

*PLA-CA-BiL'l-TY, 7). Guality of being placable.

*PLA'CA-BLE'[pli'ka-bl, S. W. J.E. F. Ja. K. Sm.
Wb. ; plak'a-bl. P.], a. That may be appeased.

*Pla'ca-ble-n£ss, 77. Placability.

Pla-card', 77. A written paper or notification
posted up : an edict ; advertisement.

Pla-card', v. a. To notify publicly ; to post.

Place, n. Space; locality; a seat; situation;
station ; site : — a room : — way : — mansion : —
being : — rank ; priority : — official station ; office.

Place, v. a. To put in place; to arrange ; to dis-
pose; to fix ; to settle.

Place'man, 71. One who fills a public station.

Pla-cen' TA, n. [L.] A substance in the womb.

Pla'cer, 77. One who places.

PZACER{\)Vx-ther'),n. [Sp.] A place near a river
where gold-dust is found ; a gold-mine.

Pla9'id, a. Gentle; quiet; soft; kind; mild.

?;:t?iS:S,N- Mildness; quiet.
PlXc'Jd-ly, ad. Mildly ; gently ; with quietness.
Pla'G AL, a. {Mus.) Noting a kind of melody.
*PLA'qJi-A-Ri§M, ?j. The act of purloining the

writings or published works of another.
*Pla'(^!-a-rjst, n. A thief in literature ; plagiary.
*Pla'9!-a-rize, v. a. & 77. To act the pJagiary.
*PLA'9i-A-RY or Pla'(;ha-RV [pla'je-a-re, P. J. E.

F. Ja. R. ; pla'je-re, S. W. K. Sm. C], n. One
guilty of plagiarism.

A, E, 1, 5, U, Y, long • X, E, I, 6, 0, Y, short ; A, E, l, p, y, y, obscure fAre, far, FAST, ALL; llfilR, HiiRi




♦•PLA'q^I-A-RY, a. Practising literary theft.

Plague (plag),?;. Pestilence ; a disease: — trouble.

Plague (plag), v. a. To infest ; to tease ; to vex.

fPLAGUE'rOL (plag'fiil), a. Full of plagues.

Pla'gui-ly, arf. Vexatiously. \ Vulgar. \

Pla'GUY (pla'ge), a. Vexatious. [Vulg-ar.]

Plaice (plas), n. A species of flat fish.

Plaid (plad), n. A variegated Scotch cloth.

Pl.\in, a. Smooth; flat; level; plane: — open;
frank : — clear : — simple ; artless : — homely. —
Plain chart, a chart on which the degrees of lati
tude and longitude are made of equal length. —
Plain saiUna-, the method of sailing by a plain chart.

Plain, ad. Not obscurely ; distinctly ; simply.

Plain, n. Level ground ; an open or flat expanse.
55° P^cn and plane are often used indiscriminate-
ly, in science, the word is generally written
plane : but for a level, open field or expanse, plain.

Plain, v._a. To level : to make plain. See Plane.

Plain-deal'ing, a. Honest ; open ; frank.

Plain-deal'ing, n. Management void of art.

Plain'heart-ed, a. Frank; sincere; honest.

Plain-lv, ad. In a plain manner; clearly.

Plain'ness, 71. Uuality of being plain

Plain'-spoK-en (plan'spo kn;, a. Speaking

Plaint, n. Complaint. — (Law). Accusation.

Plain'tiff, n. One who commences a lawsuit.

Plain'tive, a. Lamenting ; expressive of sorrow.

Plain'tive-lv, ad. In a plaintive manner.

Plain'TIVE-ness, 7!. Quality of being plaintive.

Plain'-work (plan'wUrk), n. Common work

Plait, n. A fold ; a double ; a tress.

Plait, v. a. To fold ; to double ; to braid.

Plan, n. A form of soinelhing to be done; a
scheme ; a model ; plot ; system.

Plan, v. a. To scheme ; to form in design ; to de-
vise ; to contrive ; to arrange.

Planch, v. a. To cover with planks or boards.

PlXnch'et, 71. A piece of metal prepared to bo
stamped as coin.

PL ANCH'ING, n. A floor, or the laying of floors.

Plane, a. (Oeom.) Level ; even ; plain.

Plane, n. A level surface : — a joiner's tool or
instrument : — the sycamore tree. See Pl.\in.

Plane, v. a. To level ; to smooth with a plane

Plan'er, 71. One who smooths with a plane.

PlXn'et, n. A celestial body that revolves about
another and larger body. — A primani planet is
one which revolves round the sun — A secondary
planet is one which revolves round a primary

Plan-et-a'ri-um, n. An astronomical machine
whicti exhibits the motions of the planets.

Plan'e-ta-rVi a. Pertaining to the planets.

PLANE'-TRiiE, 71. A large tree ; the sycamore.

Plan'et-struck, a. Blasted by a planet.

Plan-i-f6'li-oDs, a. Consisting of plain leaves.

Plan-i-Mi^t'ri-cal, a. Relating to planimetry.

Pla-nTm'e-trv, 7i. Mensuration of plane surfaces.

PlSn-i-pet'a-loDs, a. Having flat petals or

Plan'ish, v.a. To polish ; to smooth.

PlSn'i-sphere, 71. A sphere projected on a plane.

Plank, n. Sawed timber thicker than a board.

Plank, v. a. To cover or lay with planks.

PlXn'ner, n. One who forms any plan.

Pla'np-con'c AVE, a. Flat on one side and con-
cave on the other.

Pla'no-con'i-cal, o. Flat on one side and con-
ical on the other.

PLA'NO-c6N'vEx,a. Flat on one side and convex
on the other.

Plant, n. A vegetable; any vegetable production.

PlXnt, v. a. To set ; to cultivate ; to fix ; to settle.

••lXnt, v. n. To perform the act of planting.

fPLANT'Af^E, 71. Herbs in general. Shak.

PlXn'tain, n. An herb ; a tree and its fruit.

Plan-ta'iion, n. Act of planting: — a place
planted ; E cultivated estate; a largo farm : — a
settlement ; a colony.

Syn. — A plantation is an estate for r.ii'slnn to
bacco, cotton, rice, sugar, cofTee, &c. : — h 'arm
consists of lands in a state of pasturage and til-
lage, for raising the different products of agri-

Plant'er, 71. One who plants ; a cultivator ; the
owner of a plantation.

PlXn'ti-cle, h. a little or young plant.

PlXn'ti-grade, 71. (Ziiol.) An animal that walks
on the whole foot, as the bear.

Plan'ti-grade, a. Walking on the whole foot.

PlXnt'ing, 71. Act of one who plants ; plantation.

Plant'let, n. A little plant ; a plantule.

Plant'-louse, n. The vine-frettet ; puceron.

PlXn'tule, 71. A small plant ; a germ , a plantlet.

Plash, 71. A small lake or puddle : — a branch.

PlXsh, v. a. To dash with water : — to interweave.

PlAsh'y, a. Watery ; filled with puddles.

PlXsm, 71. A mould ; a matrice ; a matrix.

PlAs'ter, n. A composition of lime, sand, &c.
for covering walls ; a substance of gypsum, &c.
for casts : — a salve or application for a wound. —
Plaster of Paris, gypsum.

Plas'ter, v. a. To overlay, as with plaster.

PlAs'ter-er, 71. One who plasters.

Plas'ter-ing, 71. Work done in plaster.

PlXs'tic, a. Giving form ; forming ; moulding.

Plas-ti^'i-ty, 71. Quality of being plastic.

PlXs'tron, 71. [Fr.J A piece of leather stuffed.

PlXt, v. a. To weave ; to make by texture.

PlXt or PlXt'ting, 71. Work done by platting.

Plat, n. A small piece of ground ; a plain ; a plot.

PlXt'ANE, 71. [plaianus, L.] The plane tree.

PlXt'bXnd, 71. (Arch.) A square moulding ; a
lintel : — a border of flowers ; a border.

Plate, 71. A flat, extended piece of metal ; a ves-
sel from which provisions are eaten : — silver and
gold wrought into articles of household furniture.

Plate, «. a. To cover with plate or silver.

/'i^T£;yit7(pra-to'), 71. [Fr.j Fr. pi. plateaux;
Eng. plateaus (pli-toz'). A table ; an ele-
vated plain ; table-land : — a large tray for a din-
ner table.

Plat'ed, p. a. Covered with plate or silver.

Plate'fOl, n. As much as a plate holds.

Plate'-glSss, 71. A fine kind of glass, cast in
plates, used for looking-glasses, &c.

PlXt'en, 71. The flat plate of a printing-press,
against which the impression is made.

Plat'form, 71. A horizontal plane; a foundation:
— a scheme ; a plan : — a systeni of doctrines-

Plat'i-na, 71. Platinum.

Plat'i-nDm, 71. The heaviest of metals.

PlXt'i-Tude, 71. [Fr.J Insipidity : coarseness ; a
broad, coarse, or vulgar remark.

Pla-ton'ic, ) a. Relating to Plato, or to the

PLA-T6N'i-CAL, \ philosophy of Plato.

Pla-t6n'i-cal-ly, ad. After the manner of Plato.

*Pla'tp Nl^M, 71. The philosophy of Plato.

*PLA'Tp-msT [pla'to-nist, Ja. K. Sm. C. Wb.i
plat'o-nist, W. P.], n. A follower of Plato.

*Pla'tq-nize, V, V. To reason like Plato.

Pla-toon', n. A square body of musketeers.

PlXt'ter, 71. One who plats: — a large table-
dish for holding provisions.

PlXt'y-pDs, 71. (Zool.) The ornithorhynchus.

Plau'DIT, 71. Applause ; loud praise.

Plau'di-to-RY, a. Bestowing applause.

Plau-§i-bTl'i-ty, 71. State of being plausible.

Plau',si-ble, a. Having the appearance of truth ;
apparently right ; colorable ; specious.

Plau'§!-ble-ness, 71. Plausibility.

Plau'^i-bly, ad. W'th fair show ; speciously.

Plau'sive, a. Applauding ; giving applause.

Play (pla), v. n. To sport ; to game ; to act.

Play, v. a. To use ; to perforin ; to exhibit ; to act.

Play, 71. Amusement; sport; game: — a drama.
Syn. — Children's play ; innocent amusement ;
rural sport ; game of whist ; Grecian games ; a
drama (comedy or tragedy) for the stage.

PLAY'-BfLL, 71. An advertisement of a play.

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Play'-Day, n. A day exempt from tasks or work.

Play'-debt, n. A debt contracted by gaming.

Play'er, n. _ One who plays ; an actor.

Play'fel-low, 71. A companion in amusement.

Play'fOl, a. Sportive ; full of play or levity.

Play'fOl-ness, n. Sportiveness ; levity

Play'game, n. An amusement of children.

Play'hoOse,™. House for dramatic performances.

Play'mate, n. A companion in amusement.

Play'TH'ing, n. A thing to play with ; a toy.

Play'wright (pla'rit), 71. A maker of plays.

Plea (pie), n. A form of pleading ; that which is
aUeged in support of a cause ; an apology.

Plead, v. a. [i. pleaded ; pp. pleading, pleaded.]
To discuss ; to allege in pleading 3:5= It is a
regular verb ; yet plSad or pled is often incorrectly
used instead of pleaded, for the imperfect tense
and past participle.

Plead (pled), v. n. To make pleas ; to argue.

Plead'a-ble, a. Capable of being alleged in plea.

Plead'er, 77. One who pleads or argues.

Plead'ing, 77. The act or form of pleading. —
PL {Law.) The altercations of litigants.

Plea§'ANT (plez'ant), a. Delightful ; grateful ;
agreeable: — cheerful ; gay ; lively ; merry.

Plea§'ant-LY, ad. In a pleasant manner ; merrily.

PlEa^'ANT-ness, 77. Delightfulness ; gayety.

Plea§'ant-rv, 71. Gayety; merriment; lively
talk ; a sprightly saying ; light humor.

Please, v. a. To delight; to gratify; to humor.

Plea|e, v. 71. To choose ; to like ; to comply.

Plea§'er,7i. One who pleases.

Plea§'!NG, a. Giving pleasure ; agreeable.

Plea^'ing-ness, 71. duality of being pleasing.

Plea|'UR-A-BLE (plezh'ur-a-bl), a. Delightful.

Plea§'ur-A-BLE-NESS (plezh'ur-), 7i. Delight.

Plea4'ur-a-BLY (plezh'ur-j-bie), ad. With de-

Plea§'ure (plezh'ur), ti. Delight; enjoyment;
comfort: — sensual gratification: — choice; will.

— .^t pleasure, as one pleases.
PLfiAs'tjRE-GRoOND (plezh'ur-), n. Ground laid

out for ornamental purposes and recreation.

Ple-be'ian (ple-be'yan), 7i. One of the lower
people ; not a patrician ; a rustic.

Ple-be'ian (ple-be'yan), a. Vulgar; common.

Ple-be'ian-Ism, 71. Vulgarity; low breeding.

PLEDqtE, 71. Something given as security ; a de-
posit ; a pawn ; a gage ; a surety ; a bail.

Pled(J^e, v. a. To put in pawn; to give as secu-
rity or warrant ; to secure.

Pled^-ee', 71. One to whom a pledge is made.

Pled^'er, 71. One who offers a pledge.

Pled^'eTj 77. A small mass of lint.

*Ple'ia-de5 (pl5'yR-dez),7i.;)Z. The Seven Stars:

— same as Pleiads.

*Ple'iad? [plS'yadz, W. P. F. Sm. Wb.; pla'^dz,

E. Jo. ; pli'adz, S.], n. pi. The Seven Stars.
*Plen'a-r!-ly, ad. Fully ; completely ; entirely.
*Plen'a-RI-NESS, 71. Fulness ; completeness.
Plen'ar-t Y, 71. Stjite of a benefice when occupied.
*Plen'a-rv or Pl£'na-ry [plen'a-re, S. P. ./. E.

F. K. R. ; ple'na-re, ja. Sm. C. Wb. ; plen'^-re or
ple'na-re, W.], a. Full ; complete ; entire.

Plen-!-lC'nar, a. Relating to the full moon.
PLEN-i-LU'NA-RV, a. Pleuilunar.
Ple-nip'o-tence, 71. Fulness of power.
Ple-nIp'p-Tent, a. Invested with full power.
Plen-i-pq-ten'ti-a-ry (plen-e-po-ten'she-a-re),

n. An ambassador or envoy invested with full

Ple'nist, 71. One who holds all space to be full

of matter ; — opposed to vacuist.
Plen'i-tude,7i. Fulness; repletion; abundance.
*Plen'tE-oOs [plen'te-iis, P. J. Ja. Sm. ; plen'-

tyus, E. F. K. ; plen'chus, S. ; plen'che-us, fV.],

a. Copious; abundant; plentiful; fertile.
*PLEN'TE-Ofls-LY, arf. Copiously; abundantly.
*PLEN'TE-otjs-NESS, 71. Abundance; plenty.
PlEn'ti-fOl, a. Copious; abundant; exuberant.
PlEn'TI-fOl-LY, ad. Copiously ; abundantly.

PlEn'ti-fOl-ness, 71. Abundance; fertility.
Plen'ty, 71. Abundance; exuberance.

Srjn. — Plenty is fulness ; abundance is overflow ;

and exuberance is more than abundance.
Ple'(?-na§m, 71. A redundancy of words.
Ple-o-nJs'tic, I a. Relating to pleonasm ; re-
Ple-o-nXs'ti-cal, ) dundant.
Pz,e-si-o-sau'rus, 71. An extinct saurian.
Pleth'o-ra, ) 71. A fulness of the bloodvessels,
Pleth'p-rv, j of the himiors, or of habit.
Pleth-p-ret'ic, a. Of full habit; plethoric.
Ple-thor'ic or Pleth'o-ric (122) [ple-tlibr'ik,

S. jr. P. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; pletli'o-rik, JVb.

jlsli], a. Afl^ected by plethora; of full habit.
Pleu'ra, n. [L.] A membrane within the thorax.
Pleu'ri-sy, n. An inflanimation of the pleura.
Pleu-rit'ic, ) a. Relating to pleurisy; dis-

Pleu-rit'i-cal, j eased with the pleurisy.
fPLEV'lN, 71. (Law.) A warrant. See Replevin.
Plex'i-form, a. Having the form of network.
Plex-im'e-ter, 71. An instrument fur measuring

Pli-a-bil'i-TY, 71. Flexibility ; pliableness.
Pli'a-BLE, a. Easy to be bent ; flexible ; pliant.
Pli'a-ble-ness, 71. auality of being pliable.
Pli'an-cy, "• Flexibility ; pliability. [pliable.
Pli'ant, a. Easily bent or folded ; flexile ; flcxMe ;
Pli'ant-ness, 71. Flexibility ; toughness.
Pzj'cA, n. [L.] A Polish disease of the hair.
Pli'cate, a. Platted ; foWed.

fPLI-CA'TION, fPLic'A-TURE, 71. A fold.

Pli'er§, 71. pi. A kind of small pincers.
Plight (pllt), 71. Condition ; state : — a pledge.
Plight (pllt), v. a. To pledge ; to give as surety.
Plight'er (pllt'er). 71. He or that which plights.
PLf NTH,_7i. The lowermost part of a pillar.
PlT'p-cene, a. & 71. (Ocol.) A term ajiplied to

the most modern division of the tertiary period

of geologists, subsequent to the miocene.
Plod, v. n. To toil ; to drudge : — to study closely.
Plod'der, 71. One who plods ; a hard laborer.
Plot, 71. A small extent of ground : — a form ; a

scheme; a plan: — a conspiracy; an intrigue. —

(Surveying.) A plan of a piece of land laid duwn

on paper.
Plot, v. n. & a. To devise mischief; to contrive.
Plot'ter, 77. One who plots ; a conspirator.
PloOgh (pibu), 71. An instrument of husbandry

for turning up the soil.
PloOgh (plou), v. n. To turn up the soil.
PLOt')GH (plbu), V. a. To turn up with a plough,
PloOgh'a-ble, a. That may be ploughed.
PloOgh'boy (piaa'bbi), 71. A boy that ploughs.
PloOgh'er (plbu'er), 71. One who ploughs.
PloOgh'man (pibu'man), 71. A plouglier.

Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 80 of 127)