Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

. (page 87 of 127)
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RAF



341



KAM



ftXuVjlJ, a. Pierce ; furious ; mad ; raging.

Rab'id-ness, n. Fierceness ; furiousness.

Rab'i-net, n. A Ivind of small ordnance.

Ra' CA, n. [Syriac] A miscreant ; a wretch.

Rac-c66n', n. An animal valued for its fur.

Race, n, A family ; a generation ; a particular
breed: — contest in running; course; passage.

Sijn. — The human race ; Saxon race; the fam-
ily of Noah ; the kouse of Hanover ; tlie lineage of
David ; breed of cattle : — a horse race ; a foot
race ; course of a river ; passage of a vessel.

Race, v. n. I'o run swiftly, as in a race.

Race '-HORSE, n. A horse bred to run for prizes.

Rac-e-ma'tion, n, A cluster, like that of grapes.

Ra-cijme', 71. (Bot.) A form of inflorescence, in
which the flowers are arranged along an axis.

Rac-e-mIf'er-oijs, a. Bearing clusters.

Ra'cer, n. One that races ; a runner.

Ra'jBHIS, 71. [Gr J (Jiiiat.) The spine. — (Bot.)
The axis of inllorescence.

Ra-£;hit'!c, a. Relating to rachitis ; rickety.

RA-eHl'TJs, n. (Med.) The rickets.

Ra'ci-ness, n. The quality of bemg racy.

RAck, n. An engine of torture ; extreme pain : —
a frame for hay ; a grate ; a distaff: — a liquor :

— a motion of a horse : — a frame of timber:

— [tthm vapor ; a flying cloud. Shak.]
Rack, v. n. [To stream or fly, as vapor or clouds.

Sliak.] : — to move with an amble.

RXcic, V. a. To torment ; to harass : — to defecate.

Rack'er, lu One who racks ; a wrester,

Rack'et, 11, A clattering noise ; a clamor; aeon-
fused talk ; — a net: — an instrument to strike a
ball : — a snow-shoe. [ U. S.}

Rack'et, v. a. To strike ; to cutT; to toss.

Rack'et, v. n. To go about noisily ; to frolic.

RSck'et-y, a. Making a noise ; noisy. [Loic]

Rack'jng, n. Torture : — defecation : — an amble.

Rack'Ing-Pace, n. A kind of amble.

RXck'-rent, 11. Rent raised to the utmost.

RSck'-rent-er, n. One who pays rack-rent.

Ra'c y, a. Tasting of the soil ; strong ; flavorous.

Rad'dle, u. a. To twist together.

Rad'dle, 71, A long stick used in hedging.

RA^Dl-AL, a. Relating to a radius or ray.

♦Ra'di-ance, )n. Efl'iilgence of rays of light;

♦Ra'di-an-cy, ( sparkling lustre ; brilliancy.

Syn. — Radiance of the sun ; lustre of the stars ;
brilliancy of a diamond.

*Ra'di-ant [ra'de-ant, P. J, Ja. Sm. ; ra'dyant,
E. F. K C. ; ra'jent, S. ; ra'de-ant or ra'je-ani,
JV.], a. Shining ; emitting rays ; sparkling.

*Ra'di-^nt-ly, ad. With sparkling histre.

*RA'Di-ATE [ra'de-at, P. J, Ja. Sm. C. ; ra'dyat,
E. F. ; ra'jat, S, ; ra'de-at or ra'je-at, W.], v. n.
To emit rays ; to shine ; to sparkle.

*Ra'D!-ate, v- a. To enlighten ; to irradiate.

*RA-D!-A'TlpN, n. An emission of rays; lustre.

Ra' di-a-tqr, 7t, He or that which radiates.

RAD'i-CAl>, 71. A primitive word or letter: — a po-
htical reformer: — the base, applied to acids.

RXu'i-CAL, a. That regards the root or foundation ;
thorough : — native ; original ; primitive ; not de-
rivative ; — relating to the base, as of an acid.

RXd'i-cal-I^m, 7!. The principles of radicals.

Rad-1-cal'i-tv, 7i. Origination; radicaliiess.

Rad'i-cal-ey, ad. Originally ; primitively.

Rad'i-cal-ness, 11. The state of being radical.

R AD'i-CANT, a. (But.) Forming roots.

RXd'i-cate, v. a. To root ; to plant deeply. [R.]

RXd-j-ca'tion, 71. The act of taking root.

Rad'j-cle, n. The germ of a root, in plants.

RSd'i.sh, n. A root commonly eaten raw.

RX'Bi-Ds [ra'de-us, P. J. Ja. Sm. C. ; ra'jus, S. ;
ra'dyus, E F, K. ; ra'de-us or ra'je-Qs, W.], n.
L. jil. ra' Dl-i , Eng. ra'di-us-es.' The semi-
diameter of a circle : — the spoke of a wheel.

R'i'Dix,n.i pi. RA-Df'cF..y. [L.] The root.

Raer, n. A rail on the top of a cart.

R4fi% 71. A confused heap. — Riff-raff, the mob.

Raf'fle, n. A species of game or lottor>', in



which several persons stake a small part of the
value of a thing, for the chance of gaining it.

RXf'fle, v. 11. To try the chance of a raffle : — to
cast dice for a prize.

Raft (12), n. A frame or float made of timber.

Raft, v. a. To transport on a raft.

Raf'ter, 71, An inclined timber in a roof.

Rag, 77. A piece; a tatter. — (Min.) A stone of
coarse texture. — PL Worn-out clothes.

RaG-a-muf'fiiv, 71. A paltry, mean fellow.

Ra<,4E, 11. Violent anger ; vehement fury ; ire.

Ra(^e, v. n. To be in anger ; to exercise fury.

Rag'jGED, a. Rent into tatters; dressed in rags;
torn ; tattered : — uneven ; rough ; rugged.

RXg'jGED-ness, n. The state of being ragged.

RA^'iNG, a. Violent ; furious ; impetuous.

Ra(^'!NG, 77. Violence ; impetuosity.

RXg'man, 77. One who deals in rags.

Ra-gout' (r'a-go'), n. [Fr.] A highly-seasoned
dish or food.

RXg'stonEj n. A dark-gray, silicious stone.

Rag'-wheel, 77. A wheel having cogs or pins.

Rail, n. A bar of wood or iron : — a bird.

Rail, v. a. To enclose with rails ; to range.

Rail, v. n. To reproach ; to utter reproaches.

Rail'er, 77. One who rails or defames.

Rail'ing, 77. Reproachful language : — a fence.

RXil'ler-y (ral'er-e) [ral'ler-e, S. fV. P. J. F. Ja.
Sm. ; ral'ler-e, C. Wb7\, n. Slight satire ; banter.

Rail'road', ; 77. A road on which iron rails are

Rail'way, \ laid for the wheels of cars to
roll on.

Rai'ment, 77. Vesture ; vestment ; dress.

Rain, 7). 77. To fall in drops. — v. a. Topourdown.

Rain, 77. Water falling from the clouds ; shower.

Rain'bow^ (ran'bo), 71. An arc of a circle, of va-
rious colors, formed, when rain is falling, by the
refraction and reflection of the sun's rays ; iris.

Rain'dejsr, 77. A northern deer. See Reindeer.

RAm'-GAUC^E, n. An instrument for measuring
rain ; pluviameter.

Rain'i-ness, 77. The state of being showery.

Rain'-wa-ter, 77. Water from the clouds.

Rain'y, a. Abounding in rain ; showery ; wet.

RAl^E, V. a. To set upright; to lift ; to erect ; to
exalt ; to elevate ; to heighten ; to advance ; to
promote ; to increase ; to build : — to levy.

Rais'er, 77. One who raises.

Rai'^§i'n (ra'zn) [ra'zn, S. E. K. Sm. R. C. Wb. ;
ra'zin, P. Ja. ; re'zn, JV. J. ; razn or rezn, F.], 11.
A dried grape.

RAi^'jNG, 77. The act of erecting a building.

Raisojvn£ (ra-zo-na'), a. [Fr.J Rational ; ar-
ranged systematically ; as, a " catalogue rai-
somie."

Rajah (ra'jah or ra'jah) [ra'jjth, Ja, K. ; ra'jah,
Sm.], 77. A Hindoo chief or prince.

Rake, 77. A tool with teeth : — a dissolute man.

Rake, v. a. To gather with a rake ; to scour: —
to fire into the head or stern of a ship.

Rake, v. n. To search ; to play the part of a rake.

Rake'hell, 77. A worthless, dissolute fellow.

Rak'er, 77. One who rakes.

Rake'-vein (-van), 77. (Oeol.) A group of ver-
tical veins.

Rak'ing, 77. Act of using a rake: — a cannon-
ading. — {.Mrch.) A substance placed on a surface
at an irregular angle.

Rak'ing, p. a. Tliat rakes ; as, " a raking fire."

Rak'ish, a. Loose; lewd; dissolute, debauched.

RXl'ly, v. a. To put in order ; to reunite ; to re-
cover: — to treat jocosely ; to banter ; to ridicule.

RaL'ly,?). 77. To comeback to order : — to recover
strength ; to recruit : — to banter.

Ral'ly, n. A bringing to order : — a banter ; joke.

Ram, 77. A male sheep: — Aries, the vernal sign.

Ram, v. a. To drive with violence ; to force in.

RXm-a-dan', 77. The Mohammedan Lent or fast.

f RXM'Af^E, 77. The warbling of birds on boughs.

RXm'ble, v. 77. To rove loosely ; to wander.

RAm'BLE, 77. A roving ; an irregular excursion.



M!eN,SIR; move, nor, s6n; BOLL,BiJR, ROLE. — 9)9, t, so/'; e,G,q^,^,tiard; fJOiZj ^ as gz ; THIS.

CC*



RAP



342



RAT



RlM'BLER, n. One who rambles ; a rover.

Ram'blinGjP. a. Roving; wandering; irregular.

Ram-i-fJ-ca'TIQN, n. A branching ; a branch.

Ram'i-fy, v. a. To separate into branches.

Ram'i-fy, v. n. To be parted into branches.

RaM'mer, n. He or that which rams ; a ramrod.

Ram'mish, a. Like a ram ; strong-scented.

Ra-mose', a. Full of branches ; ramous.

RA'MOUS, a. Branchy ; consisting of branches.

Ramp, v. n. To sport ; to play ; to romp.

Ramp, n. A leap ; a spring ; a bound ; a romp.

Ram'pan-cy, n. Prevalence ; exuberance.

Ram'pant, a. Exuberant : — frisky ; wanton.

Ram'part,71. a bank or wall round a fortified
place; a bastion. See Fortification.

Ram'rod, n. The rammer of a gun.

Ran, i. From Run.

Ran-cEs'cent, a. Becoming rancid.

Ran-cher' 6, n. [Sp. I A steward of a mess : —
a possessor of a rancho.

RAN'CH6,n. [Sp.] A set of persons who eat to-
gether ; a mess : — a small farm : — a hamlet or
collection of huts.

Ran'cid, a. Having a rank smell ; sour ; fetid.

Ran'cid-ness, ) n. State of being rancid; rank

RAN-clD't-TY, I scent.

Ran'cor (rang'kur), n. Inveterate malignity ;
bitter enmity ; mahce ; virulence ; hate.

Ran'COR-OUS (rang'kur us), a. Malignant ; ma-
licious ; spiteful in the utmost degree.

RXn'cqr-ous-ly, ad. Malignantly ; spitefully.

Ran'dom, n. Want of rule; chance; hazard.

Ran'dom, a. Done by chance ; heedless ; chance.

Rane'deilr, 71. See Reindeer.

tRAN'FORCE, n. The ring of a gun next to the vent.

RXng, i. Fxoxa Ring. Rung. See Ring.

RANqtE,!). a. To place in order; to arrange; to
class : — to rove over.

Ran(^e, v. n. To rove : — to be placed in order.

Ran^e, n. A rank: — excursion: — room: — a
cooking grate or cooking apparatus.

Ran^^'ER, n. One who ranges ; a rover.

Rank, a. High-growing ; strong ; luxuriant : —
strong-scented ; rancid : — gross ; coarse ; rough.

Rank, n. A row : — class ; order ; degree ; dignity.

RXnk, «. a. To place abreast ; to arrange ; to class.

Rank, v. n. To be ranged ; to be placed.

Rank'er, n. One who places or arranges.

Ran'kle (rang'kl), v. n. To fester; to be in-
flamed in body or mind.

Rank'ling, n. Inflammation ; irritation.

R.ANlt'LY, ad. In a rank manner ; rancidly.

Rank'ness, n. Exuberance; strong scent.

Ran'ny, n. The shrewmouse.

Ran'sXck, v. a. To plunder ; to search narrowly.

Ran'som, n. A price paid for redemption : — re-
lease ; redemption ; rescue ; deliverance.

Ran'som, v. a. To redeem from captivity, &c.

RS.N'soM-ER,n. One who redeems.

Rant, v. n. To rave in violent language.

Rant, n. Extravagant declamation ; bluster.

Rant'er, n. One who rants ; a noisy talker.

Rant'i-pole, a. Wild; roving; rakish. \Low.^

RXnt'i-pole, ■«. ?i. To run about wildly. [Low.'

Rant'y, a. Wild ; mad ; boisterous. [Local, Eng.

RAN'u-LA,n. [L.] A swelling under the tongue.

RA-NlJN'c'u-LijS, 71. [L.] h. pi. RA-NUN'CU-Li:
Eng. RA-NDN'cu-Lijs-E§. (Bot.) Aplantand
its flower ; the crow's-foot.

Ranz ves Vaches (rinz'da-vash'), n. [Fr.]
An air or song of the Swiss shepherds.

Rap, n. A quick, smart blow : — counterfeit coin.

Rap, 7). 71. To strike with a quick, smart blow

RXp, v. a. [i. rapped; pp. rapping, rapped or
RAPT.l To strike; to knock: — to affect with
rapture; to transport : — to seize. [force.

Ra-pa'cious (ra-pa'shus), a. Disposed to seize by
Syn. — Rapacious, as a beast of prey ; ravenous
wolf; DoracJous appetite.

Ra-Pa'cioi^s-ly (r^-pa'shus-le), ad. By rapine.

^A-PA'cioys-NESS (r?-pa'shus-nes), n. Rapacity.



Ra-pX9'i-TY, 71. Quality of being rapacious; ad,
dictedness to plunder or seize prey ; ravenousness.

Rape, n. A violent defloration of chastity. — a
seizure : — a plant of the cabbage tribe.

RXp'id, a. Quick; swift; moving fast; fleet.

Rap'id, 71. ; p/. rXp'id^. Rapid currents in a river.

Ra-pid'i-ty, 7i. Quickness of progression or mo-
tion ; celerity ; velocity ; swiftness.

KAP'iD-hY, ad. Swiftly; with quick motion.

RXp'id-ness, 71. Celerity; swiftness.

Ra'pi-er, n. A sort of sword used in thrusting.

Rap-ine, re. Act of plundering; pillage.

Syn. — Rapine, pillage, and plunder all denote
the taking of property, or property taken, from
another with more or less violence, as in war ; but
rapine implies more violence lha.n pillage or plunder .

RXp-pa-re£', n. A wild Irish plunderer, who was
armed with a half-pike, termed a rapery.

Rap-pee', 71. A coarse sort of snuff.

RXp'per,7i. a striker; knocker of a door : — aha,

RXPT,p. a. Transported; being in a trance.

RXp-to'ri-AL, a. Living by rapine ; rapacious.

RXpt'ure (rapt'yur), n. Ecstasy ; transport.

fRXPT'LiR-isT, 71. ' An enthusiast.

Rapt'iir-ous, a. Ecstatic; transporting ; joyful.

Rare, a. Scarce ; uncommon : — very good ; ex-
cellent : — thin ; subtile : — underdone ; raw.

Rar'ee-show, n. A show carried in a box.

RXr-e-fac'tion, n. Act of rarefying; act of
making less dense ; — opposed to condensation^

RXr'e-fi-a-ble, a. Admitting rarefaction.

*Rar'e-fy [rar'e-fl, S. IV. J. F. K. ; rir'e f I, P. ;
ra're fl, Ja. Sm.],v. a. To make thin or rare; to
expand.

*RXr'e-fy, v. n. To become rare or thin.

Rare'lv, ad. Seldom ; not often ; — finely

Rare'ness, n. State of being rare ; thinness.

Rare'ripe, 71. An early fruit ; a peach.

RXr'i-ty [rar'e-te, fV. F. : ra're-te, S. J. Ja. K.
Sm..],n. Thinness ; subtilty ; contrary to deresif;/.

Rar'i TV [ra're-te, S. W. J E. F. Ja. K. Sm. i
rir'e-te, P.: rar'e-te, fVb.],ji. A thing that la
rare or valued for its scarcity ; uncommonness.

RAs'cal, 7!. A scoundrel ; a sorry wretch.

RAs'cAL, a. Mean ; low ; vile ; villanous.

Ras-cal'i TY, n. [The mob. Olanville.] Petty
villany ; knavery ; vile conduct.

Ras-cXll'ion (ras-kal'ynn), n. A vile wretch.

RAS'CALLY,a. Mean; son-y ; base; worthless.

Ra§e,7!. a. To skim ; to erase ; to raze. See Raze.

RXSH, a. Acting without reflection or caution ;
hasty ; violent ; precipitate ; careless.

RXsH, 71. A cutaneous eruption ; an efflorescence ;
a breaking out.

RXsh'er, n. A thin slice of pork or bacon.

RXsh'ly, ad. Hastily ; without reflection.

RXsh'ness, n. Inconsiderate haste ; temerity.

RAsp, n. A large, rough file : — [fa raspberry.]

RASP, V. a. To rub with a very rough file.

Ras'pa-to-ry, n. A surgeon's instrument.

Ra§p'ber-ry (rftz'ber-e or ras'ber e) [ras'ber-e,
P. J. F. ; ras'ber-e, S. IV Ja. ; raz'ber-e. Sin. ;
raz'ber-e, K.], n. A shrub and its (ruit.

RA'ft;RE (ra'zhur), 71. Act of erasing ; razure.

RXt, 77. An animal of the mouse (or mns) kind.

RXt, v. n. To leave friends, or a falling party,
basely ; to leave a falling party : — to work under
price, as printers.

Rat'a-ble, a. That may be set at a certain value.

Rat'a-blv, ad. By rate or proportion.

RaT-A-Fi'A (rat-a-fe'a or rat-afe') [rat-^-fS'?, S.
W. P. F. Ja. ; rat-a-fe', J. fVb. ; rat-a-fS'? or
rat-a-fe', Sm.], n. A cordial, or flavored liquor.

Ra-tan', 77. A small East Indian cane.

RXTCH,7i. {Include work.) A sort of wheel ; ratchet.

Ratch'et n. A small tooth or piece of mechan-
ism in a clock or watch.

RXTCH'ET-WHiiisL, n. A wheel having teeth.

Rate, 71. Quantity or amount fixed; degree; pro-
portion ; rank ; price : — a sum assessed by pub-
lic authority ; tax.



X„E., I; o, u, Y, long; i, £, t, 6, 0, y:, short ; a, E, I, <?, t;, y, obscure.— FkRE, f'ar, fAst, All; heir, ueb;



RAV



343



REA



RiTE, V. a. To value at a price ; to estimate; to
set a price on : — to chide hastily ; to scold.

Rate, v. n. To be classed ; to make an estimate.

Rat'er, 7!. One who rates or estimates.

RXth'er [rath'er, S. P. J. E. F. R. Wb. ; ratfi'er
or ra'ther, fV- : r'a'ther, Ja. K. Sm. C], ad. More
willingly ; preferably.

Rat-i-F}-ca'tion, n. Act of ratifying ; settlement.

Rat'i-fIjER, n. The person or thing that ratifies.

Rat'i-fy, v. a. To confirm ; to settle ; to establish.

Syn. — Ratify a treaty or contract ; confirm a

report ; settle a dispute ; establish a principle. We

approve a contract before we consent to it, and

consent to it before we ratify it.

Rat'ing, K. Valuation: — a chiding^; a scolding.

Ra'ti-o (ra'she-o), n. ■ pi. ra'ti-6§. The rela-
tion which one thing has to another ; proportion.

RA-Tl-69'l-NATE (rash-e-os'e-nat) [rash-e-5s'e-
nat, TV. P. E. Sm. , ra-sho'se-nat, S. , ra-she-os'e-
nat, Ja.], v. n. To reason ; to argue.

Ra-tjoc-i-na'tion [rash-e-ose-na'shun, fV. P.J
E. F. Sm. C. i ra-sho-se-na'shun, S. . ra-she-6s-e-
na'shun, Ja.], n. The act of reasonmg.

Ra'tion, n. A certam allowance of provisions,

*Ra"TION-AL (rash'un-al) [rash'un-al, S. W- P.J
E. F Ja. K. Sm. C. , ra'shun-Eil, fVb.], a. En
dowed with reason ; agreeable to reason ; adher
ingto reason ; wise, reasonable. — (Oeog.) Real;
opposed to sensible, as applied to the horizon.

RX ti-p-na'le (rash e-o-na'le) [rash-e-9-na'Ie, P.
E. R. i ra-she-o-na'le, Ja. Sm. ; rash-un-al', C. j
ra-shun-a'le, fVb.\,n. A detail with reasons.

♦RA"TiQN-AL-T§lvi,K. The principles of the ration-
alists ; adherence to reason, as distinct from reve-
lation.

*RX''TI9N-AL-IST (rash'un-al-ist), n. One who
adheres to reason, or to rationalism.

*RX-TloN-AL-is'Tlc, a. Relating to rationalism.

*RaT! p-NAL'lTY (rash e-o-nal'e-te), n. State of
being rational ; reasonableness.

*Ra''tion-al-ly (rash'un-al e), ad. With reason.

*Ra"tion-al-ness (rash'un ^l-n6s), n. Quality
of being rational ; rationality

RXt'line§, n. pi. (JVaut.) Small lines in a ship.

Ra-Toon', n. A sprout from the sugar-cane,

Rats'bane, n. A poison for rats , arsenic.

Rat tan', 71. An East Indian cane. See Ratan.

Rat-teen', n. A thick, twilled woollen stutf

RXt'tle, v. n. To make a sharp noise , to scold.

Rat'tle, v. a. To cause to sound or rattle.

RXt'tle, n. A quick noise , empty talk ; a child's
plaything ; — a plant — pi. The croup.

RXt'tle-head-ed (rat'tl-hed ed), a. Giddy.

Rat'tle-snake, n. A deadly-poisonous serpent,

RXt'tlinGt, 71, A noise produced by wheels, &c.

Rau'ci-ty, 71. Hoarseness , a loud, rough noise

RXv'A(^E, V. a. To lay waste , to sack , to pillage.
Syn. — Ravage or lay waste a country ; sack a
town, pillage and plunder it.

RXv'A(^E, n. Waste ; devastation ; desolation.

RXv'A (jrER, n. One who ravages ; a plunderer.

Rave, v. n. To be furious or mad , to dote.

Rave, n. The upper side-piece of a cart-body.

RXv'EL (rav'vl), v. a. To entangle : — to untwist.

RXv'el (rav'vl), c. n. To be unwoven ; to unravel.

Rave'lin (rav'lin), n. Part of a fortification.

Ra'ven (ra'vn), n, A large, black bird of prey.

RXv'en (rav'vn), 71. Prey; plunder; rapine.

RXv'en (rav'vn), v. a. To plunder ; to devour.

Rav'en (rav'vn). v. n. To prey with rapacity.

RXv'EN-ER (r.iv'vn-cr), 71. One who plunders.

RXv'EN-lNS (rav'vn-ing), 7!. Violence.

RS v'en-OUS (rav'vn-us), a. Furiously voracious;
eager to devour ; rapacious.

R.Xv'EN-ous-L.y (rav'vn-iis-le),ad. With voracity.

RXv'EN-Oi;s-Nii.ss (rav'vn-ys-nes), n. Voracity.

Rav'ijr, 71. One who raves.

RXV'IN (rav'vn), n. Rapine. See Raven.

JlA-vrN£:', n. [Fr.] A deep hollow ; a hollow pass.

Rav'jng, 71. MadneHS ; fury ; frenzy.

Rav'ing, p. a. Furious; mad; distracted.



RXv'isH, V. a. To deflower by violence : to take
away by violence : — to delight : to transport.

RXv'iSH-ER, n. One who ravishes.

Rav'ish-ment, 77. Act of ravishing; violation;
rape : — rapture ; ecstasy.

Raw, a. Not subdued by the fire ; crude : — sore :
— immature , unripe : — new : — bleak ; chill : —
not prepared for use, as raw materials.

Raw'boned (raw'bond), a. Having little flesh.

Raw'head (ravv'hed), n. The name of a spectre.

Raw'lv, ad. In a raw manner; unskilfully,

Raw'ness,?!. The state of being raw.

Ray (ra), n. A particle of light emitted from a lumi'
nous body ; a beam ; gleam .- — a fish : — an herb.

Ray, v. a. To streak , to shoot forth.

Ray'less (ra'les), a. Dark ; without a ray.

Raze_, v. a. To overthrow ; to efl^ace ; to extirpate,

Ra zee', n A ship of war cut down to an inferior
class,_or made smaller.

Ra-zee',7) a. To cut down or reduce, as a ship.

Ra'zqr, 71. A tool or knife used for shaving.

Ra'zor-Strop, 71. A strop or strap for sharpeninu
a razor : — written also razor-strap.

Ra'zure (ra'zhur), n. Act of erasing ; erasure.

Re. a prefix or inseparable particle, borroweil
from the Latin, and denoting iteration, repetition,
or return.

Reach, t) a. To touch with the hand extended;
to arrive at , to attain ; to extend to.

Reach, 7) 71 7'o be extended , to penetrate.

Reach, n Power ; limit , extent : — fetch ; artifice.

Re- act', V a To act or do again , to reciprocate.

Re-Xct', 7j 71 To return an act or impulse.

Re-Xg'tion, 71 A counteraction ; resistance.

Re-Xc'tive, a. That reacts ; acting again.

Read (red), v a \i. read (red) , pp. reading,
READ I To peruse, as a book or any thing writ-
ten , to recite : — to learn by observation.

Read, 7). 77. To peruse books : — [to tell. Spenser.]

Read (red), p a Versed in books ; learned.

Read'a-ble, a. That may be read ; legible.

Read'er, n One who reads or is studious.

Read'er-ship, 77. The office of reading prayers.

Read'} LY (red'e-le), ad. With speed ; quickly.

Read'! NESS (red'e nes), 7i. Promptitude.

Read'ing, 77. Perusal of books ; a lecture ; a pre-
lection ; public recital : — a variation of copies.

Re .ad-m1s'sion, n The act of admitting again.

Re ad wit', v. a. To admit or let in again.

Re ad mit'tance, n. Act of readmitting; an
allowance to enter again.

Read'y (red'e), a Prepared ; prompt; willing.
Syn. — Ready for action ; prepared for a journey ;
prompt to reply ; willing to perform.

Re-.^f firm'ance, 71. A second affirmation.

Re-a'(^ent, 71 {Chem.) A substance which serves
to detect the presence of other substances , a test.

Re'al, a. Actually being or existing ; not imagi-
nary , true , certain ; genuine : — relating to things,
not persons, as real property or estate.

Re'al, 71. A small Spanish coin, of the value of 10
or 12 cents.

Re'AL-gar [re'fil gar,y. Sm, 0. ; re-51'gEir, K. C],
71. {Chem.) A red sulphiiret of arsenic.

Re'al i§M, ti. The principles of the realists,

Re'al-ist, n. One of the sect of scholastic philos-
ophers, who maintained that the universals in
logic were things, and not mere names ,- — opposed
to nominalist,

Re-Xl'i-ty, 71. State of being real : that which is
real ; tnUh ; verity ; fact ; real existence.

Re'al-i-ZA-BLE, o. That may be realized.

Re-al-i-za'tiqn, 77. The act of realizing.

Re'al-ize, v. a. To bring into being or act ; to
make real or certain ; to achieve ; to effect ; to
fulfil ; to complete : — to convert into land.

Rii'AL-LV, ad. With reality ; in truth ; truly.

REalivi (rClin), 71, A kingdom ; an empire.

Re'al-ty, 71. (Law.) Real or landed property.

Ream, 77. Twenty quires of paper.

Re-Xn'i-MATE, v. a. To revive ; to restore to lifa



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Re-AN-n£x', «. a. To annex again.

Reap, v. a. To cut, as corn ; to obtain.

Heap, v. n. To cut corn ; to harvest.

Reap'er, n. One who reaps or cuts com.

Re-ap-pear', v. n. To appear again.

fi,E-AP-PEAR'ANCE,ra. The act of appearing again.

Re-ap-poInt', v. a. To appoint again.

Re-ap-point'ment, rt. A renewed appointment.

Rear, n. The hinder troop, class, or part.

Rear, v. a. To raise up ; to educate ; to breed.

Rear-Xd'mi-ral, n. An officer next in rank to a
vice-admiral.

Rear'-guard, n. The part of an army which
marches after the main body.

Rear'mouse, n. The leather-winged bat.

Rear'-rank, n. The last rank of a battalion.

Rear'ward, n. The last troop ; end ; latter part.

Re-as-cend', v. n. & a. To climb or mount agam.

Rea'^on (re'zn), n. The rational faculty which
distinguishes man from the lower animals ; the
power of the perception of truth : — absolute right,
truth, or justice : — understanding; sense : — effi-
cient cause ; final cause : — end ; motive ; argu-
ment.

Syn. — Reason, understanding, sense. Reason is
the most comprehensive of these three words.
Reason is fixed ; understanding, discursive. Ideas
are received by the understanding, and are ap-
proved or disapproved by reason. One who shows
a want of understanding or sejise is naturally stu-
pid ; a want of reason may be caused by passion
or prejudice.

Rea'§on (re'zn), v. n. To argue rationally.

Rea'|oiV (re'zn), v. a. To examine rationally.

Rea'§on-a-bi^e (re'zn-a-bl),a. Endued with rea-
son ; agreeable to reason ; rational ; just ; fair.

Syn. — A reasonable man; rational being ; jMsi
balance ; fair dealing.

Rea'§ON-a-ble-nijss (re'zn-a-bl-nes), n. Quality
of being reasonable ; rationality.

Rea'SON-A-bly (re'zn-a-ble), ad. With reason.

Rea'|on-ER (r5'zn-er), n. One who reasons.

Rea'§on-ing (re'zn-ing), n. Argumentation.

Re-as-sem'ble, v. a. To assemble anew.

Re-AS-sert', v. a. To assert anew.

Re-as-ser'tion, 71. A repeated assertion.



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 87 of 127)