Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

. (page 92 of 127)
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Ro'dent, re. (Zo'dl.) An animal that gnaws.

Ro'dent, a. Gnawing, as an animal.

R6d-p MpN-TADE', n. An empty bluster; a rant.

RoD-p-MON-TADE', V. re. To brag ; to boast.

Rod p-mon-ta'dist, n. A rodomontador.

Rod p-Mpiv-TA'DpR,re. One who blusters, boaster.

Roe (ro), re. The female of the hart or roebuck : —
the seed or spawn of fishes.

RoE'BUCK, re. A small species of deer.

Rp GA'TioN, re. Litany ; supplication.

Rp GA'TipN-WEEK, re. The 2d week before Whit-
suntide, containing the throe rogation days.

Rogue (rog), re. A knave; a villain: — a sly fel-
low ; a mischievous person : — a wag.

tRoGUE (rog), V. re. To play knavish tricks.

RoGU'ER-y (r65'er-e), re. Villany : — waggery.

RoGUE'SH'iP (rog'ship), n. aualities of a rogue.

RoGU'iSH (rog'ish), a. Knavish : — waggish.

RoGU'lSH-LV (ro*'!Sh-le), ad. Like a rogue.

RoGU ISH-NESS (rol'jsli-nes), re. Roguery.

Roil, v. a. To render turbid ; to disturb ; to v«x ;
to rile. I Provincial and colloquial. ]

RoiL'v, a. Turbid ; roiled. [Local and colloquial]

RolNT, inter). Begone. See Arovnt.

RoYsT or RoiST'ER, V. re. To bully ; to bluster.

RoisT'ERorRoiST'ER-ER,re. A blustering fellow.

Roll, v. a. To move or turn in a circle ; to re-
volve : — to involve ; to In wrap.

Roll, D. re. To run on wheels ; to move ; to revolve.

Roll, re. Tlie act of rolling ; a mass made round ;
a roller ; cylinder : — a register : a catalogue ; a
list ; a. chronicle : — a cake of bread.
ROLL'ER, re. He or that which rolls; a round
stone : — a thing turning on its axis : — a fillet.

R5L'LIC,C. re. [i. ROLLICKED ; pp. R0LLICKI^fG, ROL-
LICKED.] To move or gad about idly ; to roll.

RoLL'iNG-PiN, n. A cylinder to roll paste with.

Roll'ing-Press, re. A press for copperplate print-

Roll'v-p66l-y, re. A game with a ball. [ing.

Rom'age, n. A bustle. See Rummage.

Rp-MA'lc, re. The modern Greek language.

Rp-MAL', n. A kind of silk handkerrhleS

Ro'man, a. Relating to Rome ; papal.

Ro-mXnce', re. A tale of wild adventure in prose
or verso ; a military fable ; a fiction ; a novel.- —
a language formerly spoken in the south of France.

Rq-mXnce', v. n. To lie ; to forge stories, &c.

RP-mXn'cer, re. A writer of romances or fables.

Ro'.man-Y^'m, re. Tenets of the church of Rome.

Ro'MAN-TsT, re. A Roman Catholic.

Ro'man-ize, I', a. To change to the Roman lan-
guage, or to the Roman Catholic religion.



MlEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n; BOlL, BUR, kClE. — 9, f/, |, to/«; £, ,G, £, |, Aflni; ijasz; ^Oigs: lUIS,



EOS



358



ROU



Eq-mSnsch', 71. A corruption of the Latin language,

spoken in the Grisons of Switzerland.
Ro-MAN'tic, a. Relating to, or partaking of, ro-
mance ; fantastic ; wild ; extravagant ; improba-
ble ; fanciful.
Rq-man'ti-cal-LV, ad. Wildly ; extravagantly.
Rp-MAN'Ti-cI^M, re. Romantic notions.
Rp-MAN'TIC-Nfiss, n. State of being romantic.
RoM'isH, a. Relating to the chikrch of Rome.
Romp, n. A rude, awkward girl : — rude play.
Romp, v. n. To play rudely and boisterously.
RoMP'iSH, a. Inclined to rude or rougli play.
RoMP'lSH-NliSS, n. Disposition to rude sport.
Rondeau (ron-do'), n. [Fr.] A little poem of
thirteen verses or lines: — a jig which ends with
the first strain repeated. — Written also rondo.
Ron'del, 11. (Fort.) A small, round tower at the

foot of a bastion.
Ron' do, n. A kind of air ; a rondeau.
Ron'iqn (rian'yun), n. A mangy animal : — a drab.
Rood, n. The fourth part of an acre : — a cross.
Roof, n. The cover of a house : — tlie palate.
Roof, v. a. To cover with a roof; to enclose.
RooF'LESS, a. Wanting a roof; uncovered.
Roof'let, n. A small roof or covering
*R66k (rok or ruk) [rok, S. fV. P. E. Ja. K. C. :
ruk, J. F. Sm. Wb.], 11. A bird : —the castle, a
piece used in the game of chess : — a cheat.
*R66k, v. a. &, 11. To cheat ; to plunder.
*R66k'er-y, n. A nursery of rooks.
*R66K'y, a. Inhabited by rooks.
Room, n. Space ; extent : — stead : — an apartment

in a house ; hall ; chamber ; parlor.
Room'i-NESS, re. Space; quantity of extent.
RooM'V, a- Spacious; wide; large; capacious.
Roost, re. That on which a bird sits to sleep.
Roost, v. n. To sleep as a bird ; to lodge.
Roost'er, re. One that roosts ; a cock.
*R6bT [rot, S. W. P. J. E. F. .la. K. Sm. C. ; rut,
Wb.],ii. That part of the plant which rests in
the ground : — bottom : — original ; first cause.
*R66t, v. re. To take root ; to sink deep. [pate.
*R66t, v. a. To fix deep ; to radicate : — to extir-
*Rb6T'ED, a. Fixed by roots ; deep ; radical.
*R66t'ed-ly, arf. Deeply ; strongly.
*R6bT'ER, 11. One who tears up by the root.
"RooT'LET, 11. A small root ; the fibre of a root.
*R66t'y, a. Full of roots ; having roots.
Rope, re. A large cord ; a string ; halter; cable.
Rope'-dAn-cer, n. One who dances on a rope.
Rope'-dan-cing, re. Art of a rope-dancer.
R6pe'-L ad-der, n. A portable ladder made of rope.
R6pe'-MAK-er, re. One who makes ropes to sell.
R5p'er-y (rop'er-e), ) re. A walk or place
Rope'walk (rop'wak), ) where ropes are made.
Ro'pi-NESS, n. Viscosity ; glutinousness.
Ro'PY, a. Viscous ; tenacious ; glutinous.
R6(4-ve-laurei (rok-e-lor') [rok-e-lor', W. J.
Sm.; rok'e-lo, P. F. ; rok'Io, S.], n. [Fr.J A
cloak for men.
Roi^VELO (rok'e-lo), re. Same as roquelaure.
Ro rTf'er-oDs, a. Producing dew.
RbR'QUAL, re. A species of whale.
Ro-§A'CEOVS (-shus), a. Consisting of roses.
R6'§A-R Y, re. A string or bunch of beads, on which

the Cathohcs number their prayers.
Ros'ciD, a. Dewy ; abounding with dew.
Ro^e, 71. A plant and flower : — a knot of ribbons.

— Under the rose, in secret ; privately.
R5se, i. From Rise.

Ro'SE-ATE (ro'zhe-gt) [ro'zhe-at, fT. P.J..Ta. Sm.i
ro'ziiet, S. £.], a. Rosy ; full of roses ; fragrapt.
R6§E'-Br;&, 11. An insect ; a sort of beetle.
Ro§ED (rozd), a. Crimson ; flushed.
R6§e'MA-ry, re. A sweet-smelling plant.
RosE'-QUARTZ, n. A reddish kind of quartz.
Kd'^ET, 71. A red color for painters.
R6-§ette', n. [Fr.] A rose-shaped, Gothic win-
dow : — an artificial rose : — a red color ; roset.
Ro§E'-wA-TER, n. Water distilled from roses.
R6§e'-win-dow, 71. A circular window.



Ro§E 'WOOD (roz'wud), II. A fine kind of wo
R6§-i-CRij'ciAN (roz-e-krii'shan), /(. A visio:



ood.
visionarj-

philosopher ; an alchemist.
Ro^'fN, re. Inspissated turpentine. See Resin.
Ros'lN, V. a. To rub with rosin.
Ro'^^l-NESS, 77. State or quality of being rosy.
R6§'lNY, a. Resembling rosin ; like rosin.
Ross, re. The outer, rough bark of trees. [ If. S.]
Ros'TRAL, a. Resembling the beak of a ship.
Ros'TRATE, a. (Bot.) Furnished with a beak.
R6s'trat-ed, a. Adorned with the beaks of ships.
R6s' TRUM, n. ; pi. Mas' tra. [L.J The scaffold

in tlie Roman forum whence orators harangued :

— the beak of a ship : — the beak of a bird : — a

prolongation of a plant.
Ro'^Y, a. Resembling a rose ; blooming; red.
Rot, 7). 7£. To putrefy. — v. a. To make putrid.
Rot, re. A distemper among sheep : — putrefaction.
R6' TA, 11. [L.J A wheel : — a list of persons : —

a court of papal jurisdiction.
Ro'TA-RY, a. Turning on its axis, as a wheel ;

whirling ; rotatory.
Ro'TATE, V. a. & )i. To move or turn round.
Ro'TATE, a. (Bot.) Wheel-shaped ; circular.
Ro'tat-ed, a. Whirled round.
Rq-ta'tion, re. A turning round ; a succession.
Ro'TA-TiVE, a. Implying or causing rotation.
Ro'TA-TQ-RVf, a. Turning on its axis, as a wheel ;

whirling ; turning round ; rotary.
Rote, 7(. A mere repetition of words. — By rote,

by mere repetition, without understanding.
Rote, v. re. & a. To go out by turn : — to learn by

rote. Shak. [iJ.J
Rot'ten (rot'tn), a. Putrid ; not firm ; not sound.
RoT'TEN-NiJss (rot'tn-nes), n. Putridness.
Rot' u-LA,n. [1..J A little wheel ; — the kneepan.
Ro-ti5nd', a._ Round ; circular; spherical.
Ro-TUN-Dl-FO'Ll-ous, a. Having round leaves.
Ro-TfJN'ui-Ty, 77. Roundness; sphericity.

Syn. — Rotundity denotes sphericity ; roundness,

circularity.
Ro-TtJN'DO, re. A building formed round.
Roue (ro-a'), n. [Fr. ] A dissipated person.
Rouge (rozh), n. [Fr.] Red paint for the face j

a cosmetic. — a. Red.
Rouge (rozh), v. a. & re. To paint with rouge.
Rough {ruCj, a. Not smooth; uneven; rugged: —

uncivil ; coarse ; harsh ; rude.
RotJGH'cAST (ruf'kast), v. a. To form rudely.
RoDgh'cast (ruf'kSst), re. A rude model.
RotJGH'DRAUGHT (riif'drift), 77. A draught un-
finished ; a sketch ; an outline.
RoDgh'draw (rut'draw), 7). a. To trace coarsely.
RouGH'EN (rijf fn), v. a. To make rough.
RoCgh'en (ruCfn), v. n. To grow rough.
Rough'hew (ruf'iiQ orriif-hu') [riif'hu, P.K.Sm.

R. ; riJf-hu', PV. .Ja.], v. a. To hew coarsely.
Rough'hewn (riif'hun), p. a. Unpolished.
RoCgh'lv (ruf'le), ad. With roughness.
RoDgh'NESs (raf'nes), re. Ruggedness.
RoOgh'-rid-er (ruf'rid-er), re. One who breaks

horses for riding
RoiJGH'-sHoD (ruf'shod),a. Having the feet fitted

witli roughened shoes.
RouLEA V (ro-lo'), re. [Fr.J A little roll.
Rbu-LETTE' ,n. [Fr.J A game at hazard.
RouNCE, 71. The handle of a printing-press.
Round, a. Circular; splierical ; full; plump.
Round, m. a circle ; a sphere : — a rundle ; a step

of a ladder : — course ; circuit : — roundelay
RoOnd, ad. Every way ; on all sides ; around.
RoiTnd, prep. On every side of; about ; around.
RoOnd, v. a. & n. To make or go round.
Round'a-Bout, a. Circuitous; indirect.
Round'a-boOt, re. A wheel : — an outer garment.
RoOn'del, RbCN'DE-LAY,«. A poem ; a rondeau.
RijOND'HiJAD, 71. A term applied to a Puritan.
RbuND'HoOsE. 77. A constable's prison.
RoOnd'ish, a. Approaching to roundness.
RoOnd'Let, h. A little round or circle.
RoOnd'ly, ad. In a round form ; plainly.



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RUD



359



RUN



RoOnd'ness, 71. Rotundity ; sphericity.

RoOnd '-ROB-IN, M. A petition or writing signed

by names in a circle or ring.
ilou^E, V. a. To walte from rest ; to excite.
Rou§E, V. n. To awake ; to be excited ; to start.
tRou^E, n. A large glass quite filled. Shak.
Rous'ER, K. One who rouses.
RoCsT, (J. (ScotlaniL) A strong tide or current.
RoOt, n. A multitude; a rabble; a crowd: — a

company ; a large evening party : — the confusion

or disorder of an army defeated.
RoOt, 13. a. To put into confusion by defeat.
Route or Route [rot, S. J. F. K. Sm. R. ; rout, P.

E. fVb. ; rout or rot, W. Ja.], n. [Fr.] A way or

course which is travelled ; a journey : — road ;

path ; passage ; course.
Rou-TINE' (rd-ten'),n. [Fr.] A round or course

of business ; regular practice or course.
Rove, v. a. To wander over: — to plough into

ridges by turning one furrow upon another.
Rove, v. n. To ramble ; to range ; to wander.
Rov'er, n. One who roves ; a wanderer.
R5w (ro), n. A range of men or tilings ; a rank.
Row', 71. A riotous noise ; a drunken debauch.
Row (ro), V. n. & a. To impel a vessel by oars.
R6w'a-ble (ro'a-bl), a. Capable of being rowed.
Row'Dy, n. A riotous, turbulent fellow.
Ro w'el, n. The point of a spur ; a ring : — a seton.
Row'el, v. a. To pierce through the skin, and

keep the wound open by a rowel or seton.
Row'EN, n. A second crop of grass ; aftermath.
Row'ER (ro'er), n. One who manages an oar.
Rof'ALjfl. kingly; regal; noble; illustrious.

Syii. — Royal authority ; kingly crown ; regal

title ; noble rank ; illuHrwus descent.
Rov'al, n. A kind of paper: — the highest sail

of a ship : — a kind of small mortar.
Rov'al,-ism, Ji. Attachment to royalty.
Roi?'AL-'iST, n. An adherent to a king or to

royalty.
Rbv'AL-IZE, J3. a. To make royal.
Roy'al-ly, ad. Regally ; as becomes a king.
RoY'AL-Ty, n. The office or state of a king.
RtJB, V. a. To move against by friction ; to scour ;

to wipe ; to polish ; to touch hard.
Rub, v. n. To fret ; to make a friction.
Rub, n. Friction ; collision : — difficulty : — a joke.
Rub'ber, n. He or that which rubs: — a coarse

file : — gum-elastic : — a contest ; a game.
ROb'bish, ?i. Ruins of buildings ; fragments.
Rub'ble, h. _ Small stones ; builders' rubbish.
RDb'ble-Stone, n. Stone worn by water.
RO-be-fa'cient (-shent),«. {Med.) Amedicine

or application that causes redness.
Ru-Biis'CENCE, n. Act of growing red.
RV-BES'CENT, a. Tending to a red color, [white.
RO'bi-can, a. Bay, sorrel, or black, with some
RO'Bl-ciJND, a. Inclining to redness.
RO'BlED (ru'bid), a. Like a ruby ; red as a ruby.
Ru-bif'ic, a. Making red.
RO-bi-fJ-ca'tion, n. Act of making red.
Rft'Ei-FORM, a. Having the form of red ; red.
Ri)'Bi-FY, V. a. To make red.
Ru-BVGO,n. [L.] Mildew , a rust on plants.
RtJ'BLE, 7». A Russian silver coin, of the value of

about half a crown.
RO'BRjc,". Any writing or printing in red ink:

— the rules and directions relating to the order
of the liturgy: — directions printed in books of
law, in prayerbooks, &c.

RO'bri-cal, a. Red ; placed in the rubrics.

RO'BRi-CATE, u. a. To mark with red.

RO'B Y, n. A precious stone of a red color ; a gem :

— a printing-typo, next larger than pearl.
RD'EV, a. Like a ruby ; of a red color.
RTiCK, 71. A crease ; a wrinkle ; a fold.
Ryc-TA'TIpN, 7t. Act of belching wind.
Rlin, n. Ruddle ; rod ochre : — a river fish.
RfiD'DER, 71. The instrument which steers a ship.
RriD'Di-Nfiss, n. Quality of being ruddy.
RfjD'DLE, 71. A species of chalk or red earth.



RSd'dy, a. Approaching to redness ; florid.

ROde, a. Untaught ; barbarous ; uncultivated
unpolished ; rough j coarse ; harsh : — ignorant,
raw: — insolent; uncivil: — rugged; uneven.

ROde'ly, ad. In a rude manner ; coarsely.

RflDE'NESS, 71. Quality of being rude.

RO'UEN-TURE, n. The figure of a rope or staff.

RO'di-ment, n. A first principle or element.

RO-Di-MENT'AL, a. Relating to first principles.

RO-Di-MENT'A-RY, a. Relating to the rudiments.

ROe (rii), V. a. To grieve for ; to be sorry for.

RDe, 71. A plant, called the herb of grace.

ROe'fOl (ru'fiil), a. Mournful ; woful ; sorrowful.

ROe'fOl-ly, ad. Mournfully ; sorrowfully.

RDe'ful-ness, 71. Sorrowfulness; mournfulness.

\Ru-ELLE',n. [Fr.] A circle ; an assembly.

Ruff, n. A puckered linen ornament: — a bird.

RDff, v. a. To ruffle ; to disorder : — to trump.

RDff'ian (riif'yan), n. A brutal fellow ; a robber.

RDff'IAN (riif'yan), a. Brutal; barbarous; vile.

RuFF'lAN-i§lvi, 71. The quality or conduct of a
ruffian ; brutality.

RuFF'lAN-LlKE (riif'yan-lik), a. Like a ruffian.

RfJF'FLE, V. a. To disorder ; to disturb : — to plait.

RDf'fle, v. n. To grow rough ; to flutter ; to jar.

RDf'fle, n. Fine cloth ruffled ; a linen ornament :
— contention; ajar.

RO'fovs, a. Red ; reddish ; orange-colored.

Rug, 7!. A coarse, nappy, woollen cloth.

RuG'eiJD, a. Rough ; uneven ; harsh ; rude.

Rug'sed-LY, ad. In a rugged manner; rudely.

Rug'sed-ness, 7i. Roughness; rudeness.

Rtl'^iNE (ru'jen), n. [Fr.] A surgeon's rasp.

Ru-GOSE' or RO'GOUS, a. Full of wrinkles.

Ry-Gos'i-TY, 77. Tlie state of being wrinkled.

Rfl'lN, 77. A fall; destruction; overthrow; mis-
chief: — remains of buildings, cities, &c.

RO'iN, V. a. To subvert ; to demolish ; to destroy.

RlI'lN, V. n. To fall in ruins ; to be reduced.

jRii-iN-A'TlON, 71. Subversion ; overthrow.

Ru'iN-oDs, a. Fallen to ruin ; pernicious ; banefuL

Ru'lN-OUS-LY, ad. In a ruinous manner.

ROl'a-ble, a. That may be ruled ; governable.

ROle, 71. Government; sway: — an established
mode of proceeding ; a standard ; a canon ; a prin-
ciple : — an instrument for measuring or drawing
lines.— Rule of three, rule of proportion.

RCle, v. a. To govern ; to control ; to manage.

ROle, v. n. To have power or command.

RlllL'ER, n. One who rules ; a governor: — an in-
strument ; a rule.

RiTlv, a. Moderate ; quiet ; orderly. [R.]

RfiM, ?t. A spirit distilled from molasses.

tRuM, a. Old-fashioned ; odd. [.^ cant term.]

Rum'ble, v. 77. To make a hoarse, low noise.

Rum'bler, 77. A person or thing that rumbles.

Rum'bling, p. a. Making a hoarse noise.

Rum'bling, 71. A hoarse, low, continued noise.

Ru'MEN,n. [L.] {Anal.) The paunch or first
cavity of the stomach of a ruminant quadruped.

RO'Ml-NANT, a. Chewing the cud ; ruminating.

RO'Mf-NANT, 77. An animal that chews the cud.

RO-mi-nAn'ti-a, 71. pi. (Zool.) The class of
quadrupeds that chew the cud.

Ru'Ml-NATE, V. n. To chew the cud : — to muse.

Rfl'Ml-NATE, V. a. To chew over again ; to
muse on ; to meditate on.

RO-Ml-NA'TlpN, 71. Act of ruminating; musing.

RCMi-NA-TpR, 77. One who ruminates.

RRm'ma^e, 7). a. & n. To search ; to examine.

RDM'MAfjiE,7i. A search ; a bustle ; a tumult.

RDm'ivia-(;>er, n. One who rummages.

RO'lvipR, 71. A flying or popular report ; fame.

RO'MpR, V. a. To report abroad ; to circulate.

RO'mqr-er, 71. A reporter ; a spreader of news.

RiJMP, 71. End of the backbone ; the buttock.

Ri'iM'PLE, 71. A wrinkle ; a rude plait.

RDm'ple, v. a. To wrhikle ; to make uneven.

RuM'pys, 71. A great noise ; disturbance. [Law.]

RllN,V.n [l. RAN ; pp. RUNNING, BUN.] T o iiiovo

on the ground with the swiftest motion of the



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SAB



360



SAC



legs ; to move swiftly ; to flee ; to go away ; to

pass; to proceed : — to discharge ; to flow ; to melt.
Run, v. a. To pierce ; to stab ; to push : — to

melt ; to fuse : — to incur ; to venture : — to

smuggle.
Run, n. Act of running ; course ; motion ; flow ;

circulation: — process; way: — final result: —

a smallstream of water ; a runlet.
Rijn'a-gate, 71. A fugitive ; rebel ; renegade.
Ri)N'A-wAY, n. One who deserts ; a fugitive.
Run'jdle, n. A round ; a step of a ladder.
RTjnd'let, n. A small cask ; a runlet.
R(5ne, n. The Runic character or letter.
Rung, i. & p. From Ring-.
RDng, n. A spar ; a floor-timber in a ship.
Rt'Nlc, a. Relating to the language of the Goths,

Scandinavians, &c.
RO'nic, n. The language of the Goths, &c.
Run'let, n. A small barrel; a cask: — a small

stream of water ; a run.
Run'nel, n. A rivulet : a small brook ; a runlet.
RtJN'NER, 71. He or that which runs ; a racer.
Run'net, 71. The prepared inner membrane of a

calPs stomach, used to change milk to curds and

cheese : — written also rennet.
RCnn'ion (riin'yun), n. A paltry, scurvy wretch.
Runt, n. .A small, stunted animal.
Ry-PisE', Ti. An East Indian coin, value about 55

cents, but differing in different parts of the country.
RfJp'TioN, n. A breach ; a scilution of continuity.
RfjPT'yRE (rupt'yur), n. A breach : — a hernia.
ROpt'ure (rupt'yur), v. a. To break ; to burst.
RO'ral, a. Relating to the country ; rustic.

Sijn. — Rural life ; rural scenes ; rustic man-
ners ; rustic person ; pastoral poetry.
Rtl'RAL-IsT, n. One who leads a rural life.
Ru:$E {■cu.z),n. [Fr.] Cunning; artifice; fraud;

deceit ; stratagem.
Ru^e de guerre (ruz-de-gir'), [Fr.] A stratagem

of war.
RtJSH, n. A plant : — any thing worthless.
RBsH, V. n. To move with violence or rapidity.
RiJSH, n. A violent motion or course ; struggle.
RusH'ER, 71. One who rushes forward.
Ri5sh'i-n£ss, 71. The state of being full of rushes.
RDsh'ing, n. Any commotion or violent course.
RDsH'iiiGHT, n. A rush candle ; a small taper.



RrjSH'Y,a. Aboundin ■ with, or made of, rushes.

RDSK, n. A liglil cake ; hard bread.

Ri5ss, 7(. A Russian. — a. Russian.

Rijs'sET, a. Reddish-brown; gray: — rustic.

ROs'SET 71. A country dress: — an apple ; rus-
seting.

Rus'set-Tng, n. A rough-skinned apple ; russet.

RDs'sET-v, a. Of a russet color ; reddish-brown.

*Rns'siAN (ru'shan or riish'fin) [ru'shan, P. K. C.
Wb.; riish'an, Stjj.J, a. Relating to Russia.

*KfJs'siAN, n. An inhabitant of Russia.

RiJST,7!. A reddish crust on iron or other metal ;
a peroxide of iron.

RDsT, V. n. To gather rust ; to degenerate.

Rust, v. a. To make rusty ; to impair.

Rus'tic, 71. An inhabitant of the country ; clown.

RDs'Tic, )a. Relating to the country; rural;

RTis'Ti-CAL, \ plain : unadorned ; rude.

RDs'Ti-CAL-LY, aii. Rudely; inelegantly.

Rus'Tj-CAL-NESS, 77. The quality of being rustic.

ROs'Ti-CATE, V. n To reside in the country.

RDs'Tl-CATE, V. a. To banish into the country.

Rijs-Tl-CA'TipN, 77. Act of rusticating ; a kind of
exile into the country.

Rys-Ticp'i-TY, 77. Rudeness ; rural appearance.

RuST'l-LY, ad. In a rusty state.

RusT'i-NESS, 77. The state of being rusty.

RtJs'TLE (riis'sl), V. n. To make a low rattle.

RiJs'TLE (riis'sl), 77. A noise, as of leaves in mo-
tion ; a rustling. [rustle.

Rus'TLiNG, n. A succession of small sounds ; a

Rijst'y, a. Covered with rust ; impaired.

RijT, 77. Copulation of deer : —track of a wheel.

RijT, V. 77. To crj' or hist, as a deer.

RO'ta-Ba'ga, 7i. The Swedish turnip.

fRflTH, n. Mercy ; pity ; misery ; sorrow.

JROth'fOl, a. Merciful; rueful; sorrowful.

ROth'less, a. Cruel ; pitiless ; barbarous.

RDth'lesS-LY, ad. Without pity ; cruelly.

ROth'less-nEss, 77. Want of pity; cruelty.

Rut'tish, a. Wanton ; libidinous.

Rut'tle,77. A rattle in the throat. See Rattle.

Rut'ty, a. Full of ruts ; cut by wheels.

Ry'der, 77. A clause added to a bill. See Rideb.

Rye (ri), n. An esculent grain or bread-corn.

Ryn'chops, 77. An aquatic, palmiped bird.

Ry'oTjU. {India.) A peasant ; a cultivator.



s.



Shas, in English, two sounds ; first, its genuine,
hissing sound, as m son ; secondly, the sound
of z, as in wise, has. — S, as an abbreviation,
stands for south, and shillinir.

Sa'BA-'i§M, 77. Same as Sabianism.

Sa-bI'oth or Sab'A-oTH [sa-ba'oth, K J. F. .S".
■S7;7. .R. C. ,■ sab'a-oth, W. Ja. Wb.\,n. [Heb.J
Hosts ; armies ; as, " the Lord o{ Sabaoth.^'

Sab-ba-Ta'ri-an, 77. One who observes the
seventh day of the week, instead of the fir.^t.

SAb'bath, 77. The day of rest and worship ; Sun-
day. — The Jewish Sabbath is the seventh day of
the week ; the Christian Sabbath, the first.

Sab'bath-Break'er, 77. A violator of the Sab-
bath.'

Sab-bXt'IC, ) a. Belonging to the Sabbath ;

Sab-bat'i-cal, \ resembling the Sabbath.

SiB'BA-Tl§M, 77. Observance of the Sabbath ; rest.

Sa'bi-an, 77. A worshipper of the sun, moon, &c.

SA'Bi-A.\-l§M, 77. The worship of the sun, moon,
and stars.

SXb'ine,77. a plant. See Savin.

Sa'ble, 77. A small quadruped : — a dark fur.

Sa'ble, a. Of the color of sable ; dark; black.

Sabot (tii-ho'),n. [Fr.] A sort of wooden shoe.

Sa'bre (sa'ber), n. A kind of sword ; acimeter.

Ba'bre (sa'ber), v. a. To strike with a sabre.



Sac-cade', V. [Fr.] A violent check given to a
horse with the bridle.

SAC-eHA-RjF'ER-ous, a. Producing sugar.

Sac'£HA-bine or Sac'jEHA-rine [sak'a-rin, S.
fV. F. Ja. K. C. ; sak'a-rln, J. Sm.],a. Having the
qualities of sugar ; sweet.

Sac'Cha-rite, 77. {Min.) A variety of felspar.

SXc'jeHA-RoiD, ) a. Resembling sugar, or a

Sac-£HA-r6Td'al, ( loaf of sugar.

SXc-EHA-rom'e-ter, 7!. An instrnment for as-
certaining the strength of saccharine substances.

SX^-er-do'tal, a. Belonging to the priesthood.

SXch'el, 77. A small bag. See Satchel.

Sa'chem, 71. The chief of an Indian tribe.

SXcK, 17,. A bag ; a pouch : — a loose robe : — the
pillage of a town : — a kind of wine. [der.

SXcK, 7!. a. To put in sacks : — to pillage; to plun-

SXcK' A(^E or Sack'ing, n. The act of plundering.

SXcK'Byx, 77. A kind of trumpet; trombone.

SXck'cloth, 77 Cloth of which sacks are made:
— coarse cloth worn in penance.

SXck'er, 77. One who sacks or takes a town.

SXck'fOl, 77. As much as a sack will hold.

SXck'less, a. Weak ; simple ; quiet. [LocaWl

SXcK-P6s'sET, 77. A posset of milk, sacK, &c.

SXc'RA-MiiNT, 77. A religious rite. — Among Prot-
estants there are only two sacraments, baptism,



i, E, i, 6, 0, Y, long ; 5, E, I, 6, t), ^, short; A, E, I, p, V, V> oiscure.— FARE, FAR, fAst, ALL; h£ir, HiJRj



SAG



361



SAL



and the Lord's supper, called a\so eucharist and
communion: — among Roman Catholics, seven,
viz. baptism, confirmation, eucharist, penance, or-
ders, matrimony, and extreme unction.

SXc-RA-MENT'AL, 0. Pertaining to a sacrament.

Sac-RA-Ment'^l-ly, ad. In a sacramental manner.

Sac-RA-Men-tX'RI-an, n. A Protestant. [R.]

Sac-ra-mEnt' A-RY, re. A ritual of sacraments.

Sa'cred, a. Holy: consecrated; inviolable.

Sa'cred-ly, ad. inviolably; religiously.

SA'cRED-Nfiss,B. The state of being sacred.

Sa-crif'ic or Sa-CRIf'i-cal, a. Used in sacrifice.

Sa-crTf'i-ca-to-ry, a. Offering sacrifice.

SIc'ri-fice' (sak're-fiz, 66) [sak're-fiz, S. TV. P.



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 92 of 127)