Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

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166



ABBRETIATIONS.



if. in. — Square inch, square inches.

St. — Saint ; Street ; Strait.

Sun. — Sunday.

Supt. — Superintendent.

S. W. — South-west.

Tenn. — Tennessee.
Tex. — Texas.
Theo. — Theodore.
Thos. — Thomas.
Thurs, — Thursday.
Tr. — Transpose.
Trans. — Translation.
Tues. — Tuesday.

Univ. — University.
U. S. — United States.
U. S. A. — United States of America j
United States Army.



U. S. N. — United States Navy.
U. T. — Utah Territory.

v. — Verb.

Va. — "Virginia.

Ver. — Verse.

Vol., Vols. — Volume, volumes.

Vt. — Vermont.

W West.

Wed. — Wednesday.

W. I. — West India, West Indies.

Wis. or Wise. — Wisconsin.

Wm. — William.

W. T. — Washington Territory.

Yd. — Yard.
Yds. — Yards.
Ye.*— The.



3. Abbreviations of the Booh of the Old and New TesUf
mentSf in their Order,



OLD TESTAMENT.



Gen. — Grcnesis.
Ex. or Exod. —Exodus.
Lev. — Leviticus.
Numb. — Numbers.
Ueut. — Deuteronomy.
Josh. — Joshua.
Judg. — Judges.
Ruth.

I. Sara. — I. Samuel.

II. Sam. — II. Samuel.

I. Kings.

II, Kings.

I. Chron. — I. Chronicles.

II. Chron. — II. Chronicles.
Ezr. — Ezra.

Neh. — Nehemiah.

Esth. — Esther.

Job.

Ps. — Psalms.

Prov. — Proverbs. '



Eccl.


or Eccles. — Ecclesiastes.


Cant.


— Canticles or Song of Solomon


Isa. -


- Isaiah.


Jer.—


- Jeremiah.


Lam.


— Lamentations.


Ezek.


— Ezekiel.


Dan.-


— Daniel.


Hos.-


- Hosea.


Jo.—


Joel. ,


Am.-


-Amos.


Ob.-


- Obadiah.


Jon.-


- Jonah.


Mic-


- Micah.


Nah.-


— Nahum.


Hab.-


— Habakkuk.


Zeph.


— Zephaniah.


Hag.-


- Haggai.


Zech.


— Zechariah.


Mal.-


— Malachi.



* Th, in Saxon, was represented by / ; thus the was spelled /e. When the Saxoa
alphabet was superseded by the Old English or Black Letter, 2 (y)j as most resem-
bling it in form, was often substituted for the Saxon /> (th) ; and hence, in early
f rinted works, we see g* for <fte, gt for that, aijd other similar contractions.



ARITHMETICAL AND COMMEHCIAL SIGNS. 167



NEW TESTA3VIEWT.

Matt. — Matthew. I. Tim. — I. Timothy.

Mark. II. Tim. — II. Timothy.

'Lnke. Tit. — Titus.

John . Pliilem . — Philemon .

Acts. Heb. — Hebrews.

Rom — Epistle to the Romans, Jas. — Epistle of Jamws.

I. Cor. — I. Corinthians. I. Pet. — I. Peter.

II. Cor. — II. Corinthians. II. Pet. — II, Peter,
Gal. — Galatians. I.John.

Eph. — Ephesians. II. John.

Phil. — Philippians. III. John.

Col. — Colossians, Jude.

I. Thess. — I. Thessalonians, ' Rev. — Revelation.

II. Tliiess. — II. Thessalonians.

4. Miscellaneous Ahhreviations,

No. — Number. (Spanish oiumero, or French nombre).
Cwt. — Htmdred-weight. (Latin centum, one hundred.)
Dwt. — Pennyweight. (Latin denarius, a penny.)
&, ^.— And.

Remark. On sign-boards, and in books printed previously to the beginning (A
the present century, the character & frequently has this form, ^, w hich i^ evidfi ntlv
the Latin word et (and), the two letters {^ and ^) being run together in one type.

SIZES OF BOOKS. *'*

Fol. — Folio, a sheet folded so as to make two leaves, or four pages*

4to or 4:°. — Quarto, four leaves or elghtpages.

8vo. or 8**. — Octavo, eight leaves or sixteen pages.

12mo. or 12''. —Duodecimo, twelve leaves or twenty-four pages.

16mo. or 16°. — Sexto-decimo, sixteen leaves or thirty-two pages.

ISmo. «r IS"^. — Octo-decimo, eighteen leaves or thirty-six pages.

5. Arithmetical and Commercial Signs.

£. — (Latin libra). A pound sterling.
fc. — (liaXin libra.) A pound weight.
D, Scruple. )

3 , Dram. > Apothecaries* weight,
g. Ounce. )

Remark. These signs are all modifications of the figure 3, a scruple being
the third part of a dram, a dram consisting of three scruples, and an ounce being
composed of a certain number of drams.

^ — Dollars ; as, 012.

Remark. Various explanations are given of the origin of this mark. One is,
that \i is an imitation of the scroll and pillars on Spanish coine j aaotlier, that is i»



168 ASmoKoMlCAL SIGNS.

a modification of the figure 8, denoting a « piece of eight " (eight reals), a SpaaipH
coin of tlie value of a dollar.

/ Shillings ; as, 4/g_ Read, 4s., 6d.

•f^ Plus or add ; as, 4 -|- 2.

— Minus, less, or take away } aSj 4 — 2i

X Multiplied by ; as, 4 X 2,

•^ Divided by ; as, 4 -^ 2.

s= Equal to ; as, 4 + 2 = 6.

: :: : Signs in proportion ; as, 6 : 12 c : 2 : 4. Read, 6 is to 12 as 2 is to 4.

V Root of ; as, V16.

Remark. Tliis sign was originally intended for the letter r, the initial of th*
Latin word radix^ meaning rooU

° Degrees ; ■^

'Minutes; C as, 93°, 17', 5''.

" Seconds ; J

^, Astfonomical Signs*

SIGNS OP THE PLANETS, ETC.



ffv The Sun.


O Full Moon.


g Ves't?.*


Q Mer'cu-fy.


([ Moon in its last quarter.


% Ju'pi-tef.


9 Ve'nus. *

G or The Earth.


r^ Mars.
^9 de're"^


\l Sat'ufn.

IJI or $ Crji-nas*


^ New Moon.


$ PSLl'lais.*


^ or IP Nep'tune.


1) Moon in its first quarter.


Ju'no.*


^ A fixed star.



Explanation. Different accounts are given Of the origin and meanifig
of some of the above symbols, which astronomers use to denote the heavenly
bodies ; but the meaning of the following signs, ^, ©, ]) , 0> C > *> is so ob-
vious that any explanation of them would be superfluous.

This sign, ©, is said to represent a brazen shield, or buckler, which, on
account of its dazzling brilliancy, was naturally selected as an appropriate
emblem of the sun.

Besides the moon, the only planets of which the ancients had any knowl-
fedge were Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, a«d Saturn : they were igno-
rant of the true nature of the earth. All the remaining planets have been
discovered, and their symbols invented, within the present century, mth the
•ingle exo^tion of Uranus, which was discovered in the year 1781. The

* These and several other small planets which are not included in the list, are
called asteroids. They are now commonly denoted by a circle enclosing a niunber
indicating the order of their discovery; thus, Vesta would be designated in thif
manner: (p.



ASTEONOMICAL SIGNS.



169




planetary signs may, therefore, be divided into two classes, the ancient and
the modern, which will be treated of in this order.

On comparing the five signs, $, $, d!? '^5 h? "^^ s^® ^^^* three of them,
namely, (Mercury), ? (Venus), and <S (Mars), are each composed, in
part, of a circle. Upon this circle a face was formerly drawn to repre-
sent the god or goddess whose name the planet bore.*

Mercury was the god of eloquence, commerce, travel-
lers, and robbers : he was also the messenger of the gods,
and of Jupiter in particular. In his symbol, the curved
line above his head (0) represents the ptt'a-sHs, or
winged cap which he wore.-f-

Mars was th < god of rude and savage warfare, and his
symbol {<S) represents the head, helmet, and crest of an
ancient warrior.;}: 1^

The sign % (an older form of whicMs "^ ) is a rude
representation of an eagle, a bird sacred to Jupiter, and
represented by artists as standing with extended wings
beside his throne. The longer line s^nds for the beak,
head, neck, body, and tail : the shorter for the wings
and feet.§ *

The sign Tj represents an ancient scythe or sickle^ the
peculiar and appropriate emblem of Saturn, the g^^ of
time.

The ancients erroneously supposed the earth
to be in the centre of the universe, and the
Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter,
and Saturn, to revolve vertically around it, at
difierent distances, in the order here given.
Mercury and Venus, || being helow the sun, or
between it and the earth, were called inferior
planets, and this was indicated by a cross placed
at the bottom of their respective signs. Mars,
Jupiter, and Saturn, being above, or beyond the

* Compare the sign for the sun, 0. The teacher will notice that the
representation of a /ace gave rise to the term aspect used by astrologers in
describing the situation of one planet in respect to another.

t Some writers suppose that this sign is intended to represent the ca-
du'ceijs (ka-du'shus), or wand, of Mercury — a staff with two serpents
twined about it, and with wings at its extremity.

+ Bailly and others suppose that this symbol is borrowed from two
of the chief instruments of ancient warfare, the spear and the shield.

$ It is thought by some that this sign is intended to represent a thun-
derbolt, the peculiar weapon of Jupiter. Others regard it as the letter
Z, the initial of the word Zevg (Zeus), his Greek name, with a stroke
Jhrough it as a mark of abbreviation.

II Venus was the goddess of love, of pleasure, and of female beauty.'

15





170



ASTRONOMICAL SIGNS.



sun, Tvere called superior ' planets, which was indicated by the crest of the
hehnet, the eagle's wing, and the cross upon the scythe, which are all placed
at the top of the signs.*

The sign © represents the earth and its equator ; the sign ©, the four
quarters of the globe. f

Ceres was the goddess who presided over grain, the har-
vest, and agriculture in general. Her sign (y) represents a
reaping-hook, or sickle.

The sign $ represents a lance-head, as an
emblem of PaUas, the goddess of wisdom, of
the arts, and of scientific warfare.

Juno was the consort of Jupiter, and the
queen uT heaven. Her sign (0) represents a seep-
1^ tre crowned with a star, as an emblem of author-
ity and ^ower.

The sign g represents an altar with fire upon it, as an em-
blem of Vesta, the goddess of domestic life, to whom the
hearth^'SiS sacred. Her mysteries were celebrated by virgins
who kept a fire perpetually burning in her temple.





The sign ip, or H, with a planet suspended from the cross-bar, stands for
Herschel, the discoverer of Uranus. To explain the meaning of this sign
(I ) and the reason of its application to Uranus, it is necessary to observe
that the only metals known to the ancients were seven, namely, gold, silver,
mercury, copper, iron, tin, and lead, which were supposed to be mysteriously
connected -with the sun, moon, and planets, by whose symbols they were re-
spectively represented, thus: O(gold), C (silver), § (mercury), 5 (copper),
(f (iron), '4 (tin), T^ (lead). In the year 1741, the metal plati7iU7n was dis-
covered, and was soon after introduced into Europe under the name of




By some, her sign (?) is thought to represent an antique mirror, as her
appropriate emblem.

* The crosses attached to the signs $?, $, Q,"^, have nothing to do with
the position of the corresponding planets, which were discovered long
after this theory of the universe was abandoned.



t There is another sign for the earth ( J ) which is sometimes used
in English and in American books. It is a representation of a globs
and cross, the common badge of Christian sovereigns.



ASTRONOMICAL SIGNS.



171



** lohlte gold." In its native state, it is almost always mixed with iron.
Wheti the planet Uranus was discovered in 1781, the German astronomers
combined the symbol for the sun (0), representing gold, with a portion of
the symbol for Mars (cf), representing iron, forming the character ^ to de-
note both the new planet and the new metal.

The sign '^ represents the trident of Nep-
tune, the god of the sea. The sign J^ (an L
and V united, with a planet suspended from
the hair-stroke of the V) combines the initials of Le Verriery the discoverer
of Neptune.




SIGNS OP THE ZODIAC.



Spring
signs.

Summer
signs.



' fp A'ri-^, tlie Ram.
\ a TcLu'nis, the Bull.
,11 ^e»i'i-7iz, the Twins.
'C5 CSn'cer, the Crab.
I ^ Le'd, the Lion.
. li)J Vir'go, the Virgin.



Autumn
signs.

Winter
signs.



:^ Ll'brq, the Balance.

Ml Scor'pi-d, the Scorpion.
- f Sa^-it-ta'ri-us, the Archer.

1^ Cap-H-cor'nus, the Goat.

:;:^ Ji-qua'ri-us, the Waterman.
. X Pis'cesy the Fishes.



The zodiac is an imaginary belt in the heavens within which the apparent
motions of the sun, moon, and all the greater planets are confined. It con-
tains twelve constellations, and is divided into twelve equal parts called
signs, which anciently corresponded with the constellations. These signs
are indicated, in almanacs and other astronomical works, by certain symbols
or characters which have reference either to the figure or the name of the
corresponding constellations.

Thus, the symbol <p {Aries) represents the twisted
horns of a ram.



The symibol a
horns of a bull.



{Taurus) represents the head and




The symbol n {Gemini) \q intended to indicate the twins Castor and
Pollux, the ancient statues of whom consisted of two pieces of wood, joined
together by two cross-pieces.



The symbol ^(Cancer) represents the claws of a crab.



The symbol Cl {Led) is a corruption of the Greek
letter Lambda, A (anciently written in this form, «A),
the initial of the word Aimv (le'on), a lion. Some,
however, regard it as the representation of a Hon's
tail.

The symbol np {Virgo) is a corruption of the three first letters of the Greek
word j^Sagdivog, (par'th?-n6s,) a virgin, the zi (p) being originally written in




172



ASTRONOMICAL SIGNS.




this form, CO, and then further corrupted into r\\, to which another strolce
was addjd as an abbreviation of the letters ap, (ar.)

The symbol :ii {Libra) (sometimes found in this foi-m,
cA?) represents the upper part of a balance, and the
scales suspended from it.

The symbol V!\ {Sco7'pio) (found also in this form,
V]/) represents the tail of a scorpion, which is com-
posed of several little round joints. At first it was
■written in this manner, oo or CO ; and the latter
form was subsequently con-upted into \\[, the last
line being curved a little, to represent the sting.

The symbol f {Sagittarius) represents an arrow just leaving
the bow, a small piece of which is seen at the bottom of the
character.

The symbol l^ {Capricornus) is an abbreviation of the Greek word rpdyos
(tragos), a goat, and represents the two first letters.



The symbol Vi {Aquariiis) represents the
rippling of water.



The symbol K {Pisces) repre«Sents two fishes tied togetSier
^iasbs^I^^ with a string.





WOUDS AND PHRASES FROM FOREIGN LANGUAGES. 173



Vm. Words and Phrases from Foreign Languages.



• Latin,



K for-tj-o'ri (for-she-6'rl), for a stronger
reason.

X p9S-te-ri-o'ri, from a posterior reason ;
from the effect to the cause.

A. pri-o'rl, from a prior reason ; from the
cause to the effect.

Xb Hii"ti-6 (e-nish'e-o), from the begin-
ning.

^d cap-tS.n'dura viil'gus, to captivate the
populace.

^d-d«5n'd^, things to be added.

i.d in-f j-ni'tum, to infinity ; without end.

^d llb'i-tum, at pleasure.

^d n-du'se-am, to loathing.

/i.d v?-lo'rem, according to the XMlue.

A'lj-as, otherwise.

Al'i-bij elsewhere.

^I'm^ ma'ter, fostering mother.

An'glj-ce, in English.

A.ii'i-mus, mind, feeling.

A'quai f or'tis, nitric acid.

Ar'bj-ter el-e-gan-tj-a-'rum, a judge in mat-
ters of taste.

Xr-gu-men'tum &d hom'i-nem, an argu-
ment to the man or individual.

Be^ii^ f I'de, in good faith.

C&c-9-5'the^ scri-ben'di, a rage for writ-
ing.

Cset'e-ris par'i-bus, other things being
equal.

Ca'pi-as, you may take.

Ca'sus bel'll, a cause of war.

Cor-nu-c6'pi-8B, a horn of plenty.

Cor-ri-gen'da, things to be corrected.

Cui b5'no ? for whose advantage ? of what use

Cum prlv-i-le'^j-o, with privilege.

Cur-ren'te cal'ci-mo, with a running pen.

Dur-ric'u-rum, a career } a course.

Pa'tfi, things given or granted,' facts}

particulars.
PS f ac'to, in fact.

15*



De gus'ti-bu3 nSn est dis-pu-tlin'dura,
there is no disputing about tastes.

Deju're, bylaw.

D5 mbr'tu-is nil ni'sl bo'num, say noth-
ing of the dead but what is good.

De no'vo, anew.

De prg-fun'di3, oiit of the deptlis.

De'6 vo-Ien'te, God willing.

De'sunt caet'e-r^i, the rest are wanting,

Dl'e§ i^rse, day of wrath.

Die' turn, a mere assertion.

Dir'i g5, I take the lead.

Dis-jec'ta mem'brfi, scattered remains.

Dram'gi-tTs per-so'nse, the characters or
persons represented in a drama.

Du-ran'te plaq'i-to, during pleasure.

Dui-ran'te vi't?, during life.

Ec'ce ho'mo, behold the man.

5-nier'i-tus, exempted from further duty,

En'se pe'tjt pla9'i-darn sub lib-er-ta'te
qui-e'tem, by his sword he seeks peaet
under liberty.

Er'go, therefore.

5r-ra'ta, mistakes in printing.

Ex c^-tliS'dra, from the chair ', authorita-
tively.

5x-cel'si-br, higher.

fix nl'lij-Io nl'hjl fit, nothing produces
nothing.

Ex of-fi"ci-o (of-fisli'e-5), officially', by
virtue of office.

Ex par'te, from a party ; one-sided.

fix post f ac'to, after the fact.

Ex'e-unt om'nef , all go out.

fix'it, he goes out.
f

FSc sim'i-le, a counterpart or exact copy.
Fe'lo de se, a self-murderer; a suicide,
Fi'^t, let it be done ; a decree,
Fi'njs, the end.

^e'ni-Gs lo'cl, the genius of the place,
Gra'tjs, for nothing / free.



174 WORDS AND PHRASES FROM FOREIGN LANGUAGES.



Ha'be-5s cbr'pus, you may have the body :

— a writ against false imprisonment,
Hic ja'cet, here lies.

Ig'njs fat'u-iis, will-mth-a-ieisp.
Ig-no-ra'mus, a blockhead.
Im-pri-ma'tur, let it be printed.
Im-pri'mis, in the first place.
Im-promp'tu, off-liand; on the spur of the

moment.
In 6s'se, in being ; in reality.
In ex-ten'so, in an extended manner.
In ex-tre'mjs, in extreme circumstances;
• at the point of death.
In lira'i-ne, on the threshold ; at the outset.
In me'di-as re?, into the midst of things.
In pos'se, in possible existence.
In pro'prj-a per-so'nft, in person.
In sta'tu quo, in the former state.
In to'to, wholly, entirely.
In trSn'si-tu, on the passage.
in-stan'ter, instantly.
In-ter-reg'num, an interval between two

reigns.
Ip'se dix'Jt, he himself said so ; a mere

assertion,
Ip-sis'si-ma ver'b?, the very words.
Ip'so f ac'to, by the very fact.
I'tem, also; an article iii a catalogue or

account.

Ju're di-vi'uo, by divitie right.

La'bbr om'ni-51 vin'cjt, labor overcomes

all things.
Lap'sus lin'guae, a slip of the tongue.
L&u§ De'5, praise to Qod.
Lit-e-ra'tl, men of learning.
Lo'cum te'nenf, holding the office; adep-
•^ uty ; a substitute.
Lus'trum, a period of five years.
Lu'sus n^i-tu'rae, a freak of nature.

Mag'na jEMr'ta, The Great Charter.
Ma'ne§, a ghost ; departed spirits.
MSx'i-mum, the greatest.
We-men'to nio'ri, remember death. <:^
Mem-o-ra-bil'i-?, things worthy of being

remembered.
MS'um et tu'unn, mirie and thine.
Min'i-mum, the least,
Mi-nu'tj-£B (Tne-nu'she-5), the smallest

particulars.



Mod'i-cum, a small poHion.
Mj-rab'i-le dic'tu, wonderful to be said.
^Rlo'dus op-e-raii'di, viode of operation.
Mul'tum in p'ar'vo, much in little.

Ne plQs ul'tra, nothing more beyond.
No'len? v6'len§, willing or umcilling.
Nol'le pros'e-qui, to be unioilUng to pro..

ceed : — discontinuance of a suit.
Non com'p^s men'tjs, not sound of mind.

Cnus pr9-bS.n'di, tJie burden of proof.
5'r? pro no'bis, pray for us.
O're ro-tiin'do, with a full, round voice.
O'tj-ura cum dig-nj-ta't? (5'sh?-um), lei-
sure with dignity.

Pib'y-lum, nourishment,

Pas'sjm, evenj where.

Pa'ter fa-mil'j-a.s, father of a family.

PAx vo-bis'cum, peace be with you.

Pen-den'te li'te, while the suit is pending.

Per dl'ein, by the day.

Per an'num, by tlie year.

Per fas et ne'fgis, through right and wrong.

Per su, by itself.

Pe-ti"t|-5 prin-cip'i-i (pe-tigh'?-3), a beg-
ging of the question.

Pbs'se com-i-ts^'tus, the power of the coun^
ty ; an armed body.

Post mor^t eni. after death.

Pri'mj fa'cj-G (-she-e), at the first view.

Pro a'rjs et fo'cjs, for our altars atii
hearths.

Pro bo' no pub'lj-co, for the public good.

Pro et cbn, for and against.

Pro f br'ma, for formes sake,

Pr5 h5c vi'ce, for this time.

Pro-vi'§o, it being provided; a condition')
a stipulation,

Pu'nj-c? fi'def, Punic, or bad, faith.

Q,uan'tum suf 'fj-cTt, a sufficient quantity.
dui trans'tu-lit siis'ti-net, he who brought
y nat i f t— TW.^toia .iL-i/..';, ^, . ^

Q.uid'nunc, what now 1 a newsmonger.'
Cluid pro quo, what for what ; an equiva-
lent.
duon'djm, having been formerly.
Q,u5't3, a share, a proportion.

Ea'r? a'vjs, a rare bird- a prodigy.



WORDS AND PHRASES FROM FOREIGN LANGUAGES. 175



Re-dac'ti-5 ad jli-sUr'dum (re-diik'she-o),

a reducing a position to an absurdity.
Req-uj-es'Cgit In pa'ce, may he rest in peace.

Bcl're f a'ci-S.s (f a'she-as), cause it to be
knoicn : — a kind of writ.

Se-cun'dum ar'tem, according to art.

8e-ri-a'tjm, in due order.

Bj-mll'i-? sj-mil'j-bu3 cu-ra.n'tyr, like is
cured by like.

^I'ne dl'e, without day.

Al'ne qua iion, without which not; ~ an in-
dispensable condition.

6uav'i-ter in nio'dS, f br't}-ter in ?§, gen-
tle in manner f bold in execution.

Cub ro'^a, under the rose ; secretly.

Su'i ^en'e^-riS; of its own kind; peculiar,

Sii'um cul'que, to each his own.

Sum'mum bo'num, the chief good.

T5 De'um, a hymn of praise.

T5m'p9-rj mu-tan'tyr, the times are changed.



Ter'rei fir 'ma, firm land.

Ter'rsi in-cog'ni-t?, an miknown land.

trl-ti-ma'tum, tlie last offer,
tj'n^ vo'ce, with one voice ; unanimously.
tJ'ti-l5 diil'cl, the useful witJi the agreea-
ble.

Va'de me'cum, go with me.

Ve'ni — vl'di — vi'cl, Icame — Isaw — l

conquered.
Ver-ba'tim 6t llt-e-ra'tim, word for word

and letter for letter. ]is enough.

Ver'bum sSt sa-pi-en'tl, aioord to the wise
Vl et ar'mis, by main force.
Vl'a, by icay of.

Vl'ce ver'sj, the reverse. [ertn»ss.

Vis in-er'tj-fe (jn-er'she-g), the force ofin-
Vi'v^i vo'ce, by the living voice ; by word

of mouth.
Vox pop'u-Ir, Vox D5'I, tJie voice of the

people, the voic^ of Ood.



Q, 3fodern Languages,



JS^ Most of the words and phrases are from tlie French ; and many of them have a
partially Anglicized pronunciation. — Abbreviation, It., Italian.



A la (a la), after the manner.

A la mode, according to the fashion.

Aide-de-camp (ad'e-kavvng), an assistant
to a general.

Xm-9-teur', a lover of an art or science.

Amende honorable (a-mand o-no-rii'bl),
an apology ; reparation.

Attache (at-a-sha'), a person attached to a
legation.

Apropos (ap-ro-po), to the purpose ; by the
by ; opportunely. ■ ^

Au fait (6 fa), skilful; expert; experi-
enced.

Au revoir (o re-vwor'), good-by ; farewell.

S.a'to da fe (fa) [Portuguese], an act of
faith : — the burning

Badinage (ba-de-nazh'), pleasantry; tri-
fling.

3Xg-a-tglle', a trifle.

Ballet (bal-la'), a kind of mimic dance.

Beau mond» (bo mond), the fashionable
warld.



Beaux esprits (lioz es-pre'), men of wit,
-?k.lles-lettres (bel-let'tr), polite literature.
Bijou (be-zho') ajeicel.
Billet-doux (bil'l^i-do'), a love letter.
Bizarre (h&'Zi.t'),iohimsical ; fantastical.
Bizarrerie (be-zar-re'), whimsicalness.
Bonhomie (bo-ii5-me'), good-natured

simplicity.
Eon jour (bon zliiir'), good day; gao.cl

morning.
Bon mot (bon mo'), a witticism.
Bon soir (bon sWor), good evening,
Bon ton (bon-t5ng), fashion.
Bon vivant, (bon ve-vang'), a good liver.
Bouquet (bo'ka or bo-ka'), a nosegay.
Boudoir (bo-dwbr'), a small private room.
Brochure (bro-sh'&r'), a pamphlet.

Cabriolet (kab-re-9-la'), a one-horse cliaise.
Canaille (ka-nal'), tJie dregs of the people.
Cap-^-pie', from head to foot
Carte blanche (kart blinsh), unlimited
power.



176 WORDS AND PHRASES FROM FOREIGN LANGUAGES.



phap-er-on', a kind of hood or cap.
Chateau (shat-o')j « country-seat.
Chef d'oeuvre (shfi-dovr'), a masterpiece.
Chevaux de frise (shev-5 de frez'), a piece

of wood set with spikes.
^hif-fgn-nier', a rag-picJcer.
Cicerone (che-che-ro'ne or sis-e-r5'ne)

[It.], a guide.
Ci-devant (se-de-VAng'), formerly.
Clique (klek), a party.
Comine il faut (fo), as it should be.
Con ^-mo're [It.], with love or inclination.
Connoisseur (kon-njs-sar' or kon-nis-

sUr')» fl critic.
Con'*^ (kon'je), leave of absence.
Con-tour', outlme of a figure.
Conversazione (kon-ver-sat-ze-o'n?)

[It.], a meeting of company.
Corps (kor), a body of men or troops.
Cortege (kbr-tazh'), a train of attendants.
Cou-leur' de rofe, rose-color.
Coup d'etat (ko da-fa'), a stroke of state

policy.
Coup de grace (ko de gfis'), the mercy-
stroke.
Coup de main (ko de mSLngOs « sudden

attack.
Coup d'ceil (ko dal'), « glance of the eye.
Coup de soleil (ko de so-lal'), a sun-stroke.
Coute que couto (Icot ke kot), cost what it

may.

Debris (da-bre'), fragments, rubbish.


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Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing spelling-book of the English language → online text (page 13 of 14)