Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing spelling-book of the English language online

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de-lin'quent e-l5n'gate re-lin'quish trun'cat-ed

* For words analogous to those in this list which terminate in a silent E final ,
see Words coxtmning Silent Letters, p. 76.
t See Words containing Silent Letters, p. 76.



76 WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.

Remark.. Most derivatives from "words ending in ng, as smg-er^
hring-er, kc, take the additional syllable without any change in its
sound ; but the following are exceptions, being pronounced as if the n of
the digraph ng were changed into ng, and the g transferred to the suffix.

lon'ger (iong'g?r) stron'ger youn'ger

lon'gest stron'gest youii'gest

dipli-thon'gal (dip-) * triph-tlion'gal (trip-)

Exercises for Writing. — A bank of sand. A hlinJc, or gKmpse.
The dank of chains. The fank, or side. A hank of thread. A
Chinese junk. Sharp-sighted as a lynx. The fur of a mink. A
fooHsh prank. Do not ^^^'inA; so much. The shank of an anchor.
The thieves slink away. The sphinx of Egypt A tank for water.
Zinc is a metal. Restrain anger. A sumptuous hanqiiet. The un-
skilful bungle at their work. The clangor of trumpets. Conquer your
passions. The function of the stomach. A fungus, or mushroom.
Gangrene, or mortification. The jangle of instruments out of tune.
A languid manner. A profound linguist. A mongrel goose. A
sanguine temperament. An angular outHne. Do not he a delin-
quent. Relinquish the claim. A t/mncated pyramid. This line is
longer than that. He is the youngest of the brothers. A dipli-
thongal sound.



VI. Words containing silent letters.

1, Silent vowels.

Remark. 1. The vowel e is the only one that is silent as a final letter,
and, in this situation, it is always silent except in a few words from the Greek
and Latin, as in apostrophe, catastrophe, epitome, recipe, simile, Sec.

1. Silent e final.

Remark 2. The effect of a silent e final in lengthening the preceding
rowel, and in giving to c the sound of s, and to g the sound of j, kas been
already shovm.f The same vowel is silent, also, at the end of many words
in which no similar effect is apparent.

* See Woria containing Silent Letters. f See pp. 30, 93, 60.



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



TT



are


ciirve


horse


niirse


sieve


Sxe


dense


house


parse


solve


bade


doY-Q


ISpse


pau§e


sp6u§e


carve


Slse


live


poi§e


starve


cau§e


false


10§e


prSve


swerve


cliinse


give


louse


pulse


tense


cli6c)§0


glove


love


piirse


terse


cl&u§e


gSne


mouse


rinse


twSlve


come


g66se


mOve


rou§e


valve


copse


grouse


nerve


sauce


verse


corpse


hearse


noi§e


sSnse


were


ciirse *


helve


n65se


shove


worse (wars)


a-bove'


con-dense'


3tn-dorse'


in-verse'


re-pulse'


ab-§51ve'


con-verse'


ex-pSnse'


n5n'sense


re-§erve'


Sd'verse


de-§erve'


for-give'


Sb-§erve'


re-§olve'


ap-pr6ve'


di§-biirse'


im-mense'


per-verse'


re-sponse'


a-rou§e'


dis-pense'


im-merse'


pre-pense'


re-verse'


as-perse'


dis-perse'


im-pr6ve'


pre-§erve'


sub-serve'


a-verse'


di§-§olve'


im'pulse


re-hearse'


trans-verse'


ca-rou§e'


di'verse


in'cense


re-lS,pse'


trav'erse


col-lS^pse'


e-clipse'


in-tSnse'


re-morse'





]

Exercises for Writing. — Are you ready to fit the helve into
the axe ? He bade me make no noise. Sailors chinse the seams
of a deck with oakum. A copse is a grove of small trees. Lead is
very dense. The wings of a dove. A false statement. A kid
glove. The lapse of time. The optic n&rve. Can you poise a rod
on the tip of your finger ? Binse the bottle. Bauce gives relish to
food. . "Will you sliove the sled, or wiU you puU it ? A sieve to sep-
arate bran from flour. Do not swerve fi.'om the truth. A terse style.
The valve of a pump. How does verse differ firom prose ?



* When E is silent in some words after s and a liquid, it prevents iS from tfcking
the sound of z, as will be seen by comparing curf with curse^ deH§ with denaCf
«/if with else, Unf with tense.

7*



/



78



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



Be above suspicion. What can absolve one from such guilt ? . Ad*
terse circumstances. Men were found base enough to asperse the
character of Washington. The collapse of a hollow vessel by ex-
ternal pressure. A j)ump to condense air. He was appointed to
disburse the fiinds. The mayor ordered the rioters to disperse.
Bhds of diverse colors. To indorse a note is to wiite one's name on
the back of it. The expense of travelling. Immerse it in water. A
^wdidien impulse. Fragrant r/ice/ise. A j5e?T;er5e disposition. MaHce
prepense. A relapse into former illness. A stranger fears no re-
pulse from the door of a true gentleman. Resei^e a store for the
future. A reverse of fortune. Endeavor to subset^Q the interests
«)f others. Ships traverse the ocean.

RsMARK 3. "With respect to unaccented syllables, the rule by which a
«ient e final after a single consonant lengthens the preceding vowel somex
times applies ; but frequently the latter has a short sound more or less
distinct. The classes of words terminating respectively in ile, ine, ite,
Rnd ive will exemplify these two cases.

Words terminating in il^.

e'dile Sx'ile ^Sn'tile pen'tile '

cSm'o-mile e-Sri-pile rSc'on-cile



doQ'ile
duc'tile



fe'brile
fer'tile



frS^'ile
fu'tiie '
hos'tile



mis'sile
rSp'tile
sub' tile



bis-sSx'tile juVe-ntle pii'er-ile vbl'a-tile

con-trSc'tile mer'can-tile pro-jec'tile ver'sa-tile



Words terminating in ine.



S,l'man-dTne
§,s'i-nine
brig'an-tTne
Byz'an-tine



cSn'na-bine

cSran-dme

col'um-bme

crys'tal-line

gglan-tme



l^g'a-tine

le'o-nine

mus'ca-dme

met'al-line

por'cu-pine



sat'ur-mne
ser'pen-tine
tiir 'pen-tine
ySren-tine
vSs'per-tine



WOEBS CONTAININ<J SILENT LETTERS.



79



Ed-a-man^tine

^m-e-thys'tine

clan-des'tfne

cor'al-line

dis'ci-pime

de-ter'mine

doc' trine



el-e-plianHine ^en'u-me

en'^ine

e^-am'ine

fam'ine

fein'i-mne

fiu'o-rme *

^era-tin^



im-a^'ine

il-lu'mine

in-tes'tine

T'o-dme *

jes'sa-mme

lib^er-ft^ne



med'i-cine

mas'cu-line

nec'ta-rine

para-tine

pris'tinQ

rap'ine

¥ul'pine



^I'O^/



llc^-nite
an'^ho-rite
ap'pe-tite
^u'^Tte t

%'po-^ite

com-po^ite

def'i-nite



Words terminating in ite«

bed^lam-ite ex^pe-dite -sat'el-lTte

Car'me-lite iiel/er-o-clite ste'a-tite f

^lirys'o-lite f pa/a-site the-od'o-lite

coiftiite rec'on-dite trip'ar-tite

ex'qiii-site hyp^o-crite" per'qui-§ite

faVor-ite m'fi-nite res'pite

graii'ite op'po-§ite rgq'ui-§ite



Words fermmating in ive.



Sc^tive

cap'tive

da'tive

a-bii'sive .

ad-lie'sive

ad'jec-tive

at-tenHive

at-trac'tive

eo-lie^sive

cor-ro'sive

cu'ra-tive



f^s'tive
fiir'tive
mo'tiv^

de-cFsive

de-fec^tive

e-va^sive

ex-elu^sive

ex'ple-tive

ex-plo'sive

ex-ten^sive

fu'^i-tive



mas sive
mis'siye
na/tive

^en'i-tiYe

in-clu^sive

in-vec'tive

iu'cra-tive

neg'a-tiYe

nar'ra-tive

ob-tru'sive

of-feii'sive



oFive

pas'sive

pen'sive

per-suaVive

pof^i~tiY^

pro-diic'tive

pro-gres^sive

rel'a-tive

re-puFsive

sub-junc'tive

suc-ces'sive



* In a class of chemical words terminating in ine, tlie ris short.
^ la najnes of minerala ending in itje, the J is long.



so



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



Exercises for Writing. — Tbe edile in ancient Rome sup«r-:
intended the public buildings. An exile from one's country. Gen-
tile, or pagan nations. A p entile is a tile to cover the slope of a
roof. The eolipile was used to show the elastic force of steam. A
docile animal. A ductile metal. Febrile symptoms. Futile efforts.
Missile weapons. A s^ibtile ether. Bissextile, or leap year. ilf«r-
cantile pursuits. A v&laiile essence. Versatile talents. Almandine
is a kind of ruby. A brigantine, or small brig. Columbine and
celandine are pknts. Calamine is carbonate of zinc. That which
pertains to hemp is termed cannabine. A saturnine, or melancholy
temperament. A st^^entine path. An adamantine substanjjei'
Cm-alline rocks. Of elephantine bulk. Gelatine is an ammal
substance. The lieroine of a story. Intestine dissensions. Iodine
is obtained from kelp. The jessamine is a fragrant flower. The
nectarine resembles the peach. Of a vulpine nature.

Aconite is a poisonous herb. A bedlamite, or madman. A Car-
melite, or mendicant friar. Try to expedite the business. A plant
that grows on Another is called a parasite. A tripai^tite treaty.
Composite plants. An exquisite painting. A base hypocrite. Any
compensation obtained from an office besides the salary is called a
perquisite. A respite from labor. Virtue is requisite to happiness.
An active life. Festive scenes. Furtive glances. A missive, or
letter. The olive Is the emblem of peace. Of a pensive disposition.
Abusive language. Adhesive substances. A cohesive force. Nitric
acid is coirosive. An evasive answer. Gunpowder is explosive.
He was too much given to invective. A persuasive tone.



Remark 4. The vowel e is silent in a final syllable after the combfcieij
consonants bl, cl, dl, fl, gl, kl, pi, tl, zl, br, cr, gr, chr, and tr.



Words terminating in We.



qMq


fee'ble


quib^Dle


stum'ble


Sm'ble


fofble


rab'ble


ta'ble


bl'ble


ga'ble


ram'ble


thim'ble


bram'ble


h5b'ble


sa'ble


treb'le


bubHble


jum'ble


scram'ble


trSm'ble


ca'ble


mar'ble


scrib'ble


troub'le


doub'l?


no'ble


sta'ble


tum'ble


fa'ble


pSb'ble


stub'bie


wim'ble



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



81



Sr'a-ble

ca'pa-ble

cuFpa-ble

cu'ra-ble

du'ra-ble



eat'a-ble

laud'a-ble

li'a-ble

mu'ta-ble

pS;Fpa-ble



par'a-ble

pay'^-ble

pli'a-ble

port'a-ble

pr5b'a-ble



suit'a-ble
syria-ble
teach' a-ble
ten'a-ble
trS,ct'a-ble



ac-counfa-ble dSs'pi-ca-ble

Sm'i-ca-ble en'vi-a-ble

ap'pli-ca-ble Sq'ui-ta-ble

c6m'fort-a-ble Sx'pli-ca-ble

crSd'it-a-ble hos'pi-ta-ble



mi§'er-a-ble rep'u-ta-ble
nS,v'i-ga-ble rev'p-ca-ble
pit'i-a-ble va'ri-a-ble
prSc'ti-ca-ble ve^'e-ta-ble
re-mark' a-ble ven'er-a-ble



au'di-ble
cred'i-ble
crtl'ci-ble
M'i-ble

9,c-cSs'si-ble

ad-mis'si-ble

com-pS.t'i-ble

con-du'ci-ble

cor'ri-^i-ble

de-struct'i-ble



ciVcle

ar'ti-cle

^u'ri-cle

c2,n'ti-cle

car'bun-cle

con-vSn'ti-cle



farii-ble
fea'§i-ble
flex'i-ble
fu'§i-ble



lior'ri-ble
le^'i-ble
plau'§i-ble
pos'si-ble



di-^Sst'i-ble im-pres'si-ble

dif-cern'i-ble in-deFi-ble

di-vT§'i-ble in-sSn'si-ble

SFi-^i-ble in-vm'ci-ble

e^-liaust'i-ble i-ras'ci-ble

ex-prSs'si-ble per-cSp'ti-ble

Words terminating in cle.

cy'cle trea'cle



cu'ti-cle

fhron'i-cle

i'ci-cle

mSn'a-cle

mir'^-cle



bb'sta-cle

br'a-cle

par'ti-cle

pin'na-cle

re-cep't^-cle



ri§'i-ble
seii'si-ble
ter'ri-ble
vi§'i-ble

re-du'ci-ble

re-fran'^i-bld

re-§ist'i-ble

re-sp5n'si-ble

re-ver'si-ble

sus-cSp'ti-ble



un'cle

spSc'ta-cle
tSb'er-na-cla
tu'ber-cle '
ve'hi-cle
ven'tri-cle



Exercises for Writing. — Tlie horse will either amtle or trot.
A hrmiMei or priddy shrub. Be not too ready to censure ihefovbU



82 WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.

of anotho-. The galle of a house. KjiLmUe, or confused mixture.
An evasive quibble. An eager scramble. Restrain anger if you
would avoid trouble. A wimble to bore with. Arable land. The
receiver of stolen goods is as culpable as the tliief A laudable
undertaking. The winds and the clouds are 'Qiutable. A palpable
mistake. The sapling is pliable. A teachable disposition. A tract-
able temper. An accountable being. Charitable donations. A
creditable achievement. An equitable settlement. Hospitable en-
tertainment. A navigable river. The beggar is a pitiable object.
Such conduct is not reputable. The decrees of a despot are reuo-
cable at pleasm-e. The temperatm-e of the air is variable. A vener^
able man.

A credible witness. Edible roots. Men are fallible. K feasible
project. Lead is easily fusible. Legible writing. A plausible
story. Bisible muscles. A visible object. The top of the
mountain is not accessible. The e^^dence is not admissible. Asbes-
tos is not destructible by fire. Digestible food. An eligible situation.
Indelible ink. An irascible temper. The rays of light are refrangi-
ble. A responsible agent. The book is susceptible of improvement.
The radius of a ciyxle. A cycle of years. Treacle is another
name for molasses. The definite article. An auricle of the heart
A canticle, or song. The carbuncle is a beautifiil gem. A conven-
ticle, a term formerly applied to a meeting of dissenters in England.
The cuticle, or outer sldn. A manacle, or fetter. The pinnacle of a
temple. A tabeimacle, or tent. The right ventricle of the heart.

Remark 5. "When the termination cle follows s, its initial letter c takes
the sound of that consonant, as in the words dr'bus-cle (ir'bus-sl), cdr-'pui-
cle (kbr'pfis-sl), mus'cle (mus'sl).

Words terminating in die.

Sd'dle fid'dle la'dle sSd'dle

bea'dle fon'dle med'dle spin'dle

brrdle ban' die ^ mid'dle strad'dle

bun'dle hud'dle pSd'dle treadae

can'dle hiir'dle pgd'dle tmn'dle

cra'dle i'dle pud'dlQ wad'dle c^tfea'

dwm'dle kin'dl© rtd'dle . whee'dle



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



83



baffle

muffle

raffle



bea'gle
bog'^gle
bu'gle
diii'gle



SnMe

buc'kle

cac'kle

cliuc'kle

coc'kle

airi'ple

ap'ple

coup^le

crip'*ple

dim^pie



bSt'tle

bee'tle

botHle

brit'tle

c^t'tle

eiit1:le



Words terminating m fie,

riffle shuffle

ruffle snaffle

scuffle strfle

Words ternvMatmg in gle.

ea^gle liig'gle

ga/gie jog'gle

gig'gie jug'gle

giir'gie shin'gie

%¥ords terminating in kle.



crac'kle
fic'kle
free' kle
pic' kle
pric^kle



sliac'kle

sic^kle

spar'kle

spec'kle

sprm'kle



Words terminating in pie.



crum'ple

grap'ple

pim'ple

piir-ple

rip'ple



rum'ple

sam'ple

scru'ple

sim^ple

sta'ple



Wfle

truffle

wliif^fla



smug^gle
strag'gle
strug^gle
wrig'gle



siic^kle

tac^kle

tic'kle

tnc'kle

truc'kle



stee^ple

stop^ple

tem'ple

tr^m^ple

triple



<iis-<ii-ple e^-am^ple prin'ci-ple qnad'ru-ple (kwM^



Words terminating in tie,

iieii'tle



ketnie

iit'tle

man'tle

m3a*^tle

net'tle



prSit^tle

rat^tle

scut' tie

set'tle

shuttle

sptt'tle



star'tle

tot'tle
trtle
tit' tie
tiir'tle
whittle



M WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.

Words terminating in zle

daz'zle friz'zle guz'zle noz'zle

driz'zle griz'zle muz'zle puz'zle

Exercises for Writing. — A muscle of the arm. Addle brains.
The beadle of a court. Any animal will diohidle if deprived of food.
Parents fondle their children. A hurdle, or crate. Do not meddle
in the business of others. Can you solve the riddle ? The treadU
of a lathe. The boys trundle the hoop. Ducks waddle, i Rogues
xcheedle the imwary. Misfortunes haffie his efforts. It is custom-
ary at mihtary funerals to muffle the drums. A raffle is a kind of
lottery. A snaffle is a bridle which crosses the nose. The truffle is
a vegetable production used in cooker)^ The winds wliiffle from every
quarter. The beagle is a small hound. Do not boggle when any
thing is to be done. A gargle for the throat. Hear the water gtir-
gle. The miser will higgle in making a bai-gain. A juggle, or trick
of legerdemain.

Eels wriggle in the water. Geese and hens cacTde. The coclde is
a small shell-fish. A prickle, or thorn. Chains to shacHe the hmbs.
A tackle, or pulley. Do not truckle, or be ser\Tle for the sake of
favors. Ample room. A poor cripple. Do not crumple the
paper. A ripple on the lake. A rumple, or wiinkle. The stopple
of a jug. Plato was a disciple of Socrates. A man of princi-
ple. The battle of Waterloo. The cuttle, or cuttle-fish, is a mol-
luscous animal. A twig of myHle. The prattle of children. A
weaver's shuttle. Wise men do not tattle. The sun's rays dazzle
the eyes. Do not frizzle your hair. Muzzle the dog.

Words terminating in bre, ere, gre, chre, tre, atid vre.

Remabk: 6. When a silent e follows r in a final syllable, this syllable is
pronounced as if the r followed the e.

a'cre c-kur) lii'cre (-kur) mi' tre (-ter) o'^hre (-ker)

bis'tre (-ter) lusHre (-ter) m'tre (-teo sa'bre vber)

cen'tre (-ter) me'tre (-ter) o'gre (-gur) scep'tre <:-terj

f i'bre (-ber) spec'tre (-teij

mSs'sai-cre s^p'ul-jhre s^lt-pe'tre ihe'artre

ma-nceu'vie



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



85



2. The vowel e silent before d.

Remark 7. The vowel e is generally silent before d in the final syllable
rof the Imperfect tense and in the past participle of a verb, except when this
syllable is preceded by d or t.*



changed
framed

baffled

crmnHDled

daz'zled



prai§ed
pleaded

grap'pled

han'dled

kin'dled



solved
spared

rSn'kled

sgt'tled

strug'gled



shared
stored

tram'pled
trem'bled
tri'fled



3. The vowel e silent before 1.

Remark 8. The vowel e before 1 in an unaccented final syllable gener-
ally has an indistinct short sound, but in the following words it is entirely
suppressed.



driv'el


man'tel


shek'el


sniv'el


grov'el


6u'§el


shov'el


swiv'el


ha'zel


rav'el


shriv'el


wea'§el



4. The vowel e silent before n.

Remark 9. The vowel e is silent in the termination en of mai
words .f



bra'zen


clio'§en


doz'en


e'ven


biir'den


craVen


drunk'en


fro'zei


glad'den


ha'ven


leSd'en


o'peu


goVden


hea'then


leav'en


ri'peu


hap'pen


heav'en


les'sen


sM'd^


har'den


hid'den


mad'den


sev'en



* In the words beloved, blessed, cursed, learned, picked, and winged, the vowel E is
suppressed when the words are used as verbs or participles, and it is sounded whea
they are used as adjectives ; as, He was much beloved ; A belov'ed son.

t The pupil must be careful to sound the js in the final syllable of the foUowiji'g
words : cLs'pm, chXck'en, kiteh'^, Idt'tpi, mdr'tfti, mtt't^, pat'te/ii plQt'fn, sUv'en,
$nelldfa, tich'fn.

8



86 WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.

slia'ken sweet'en wa'ken wood'en (w4d'

sliort'en to^ken war^den woVen

strait'en trod' den wi'deii writ'ten

5. The vo"';\rEL e sIIiE^^? before s.

Remark. 10. The vowel e is silent before s in the plural of nouns, and
In the third person singular (present tense) of verbs, when it follows any
consonant, except c, g soft, s, and x, or any digraph except ch (as in
church) and sh.* See Section XL, Rule 14, p. 143.

ac^lies bathe^ chide§ mates safes

babe§ cane§ dale§ name§ share?

bakes cave§ grapes robe§ votes

ad-liere§' de-clme/ fe'male^ pre-scribe§'

cas-cade§' en-grave§' iii-wreathe§' re-§ume§' ■

com-pletes' es-capes' mis-takes' vouch-safes''

6. The vowel i silent before 1 and before n.

e'vil wee'vil ba'sin cou^'in rai'§in

7. The vowel o silent before n.

mut'ton rea'§oii

par' don rSck'on

par'son sea'^on

per'son trea'^on

pbi'§on wSap'oii
pri^'on

bgn'i-§on gar'ri-son

8. The diphthong ue silent after q Ajnd after g.
§in-tique' (-teko ob-lique' c-isko

gro-tesque' (-tesk') u-nique' (-ngk')

• A few words derived from the Greek or Latin, in which final E is grounded ia
^9 eiogular, as apostrophe^ epitome, recipe, retain the sound of E in the plural.



ba'con




crim'§oii


bea'coii




dSm'§on


bSck'on




dea'con


bla'zon




glut' ton


but'ton




Igs'son


c5t'ton




ma'son


em


-bla'


zon



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS. 87



brogue


league


rogue


vague


fugue


plague


tongue


vogue


corieague


f§,-tigue'


ha-rangue'


in-trigue'


Eclogue






pro-rogue'


SpVlogue


dec'a-logue


di'a-logue


ped'a-g(5gue


cat'a-logue


dSm'a-gogue


ep'i-logue


sjn'a-gogue



Exercises for Writing. — An acre of land. Bistre is a brown
pigment. Lucre is unworthy gain. The metre of a poem. A
bishop's mitre. Nitre, or saltpetre. The ogre is an imaginary
monster of the East. Ochre is oxide of iron mixed with earth.
The sceptre of a king. A frightful spectre. A cruel massacre, A
sepulchre for the dead. The scenery of a theatre. The wind has
changed. The problem is solved. His efforts are baffled. The
fire is kindled. Anger rankled in his breast. He trifled away his
time. Infants drivel. The ou^el is a water-fowl. The shekel was
a Jewish coin.* Age will shrivel the skin. A ring, or a link of a
chain turning upon a staple, is called a swivel. A brazen face. A
craven, or coward. A haven, or harbor. The joys of heaven.
Leaven for bread. A token of friendship. The warden of a prison.
He has written a book.

Latten is u-on plate covered with tin. The patten was a kind of
shoe. A sloven in dress. A bunch of grapes. A list of proper
names. Shares in a bank. A majority of the votes. Mistakes in
spelling. Evil passions. The weevil is injurious to grain. A raisin
is a dried grape. A beacon to warn of danger. The color of crimson.
The damson plum. A short lesson. Beg his pardon. Socrates
was doomed to drink the poison of hemlock. The man died in
prison. How do you reckon interest ? A dangerous weapon. De-
vices to emblazon shields. A garrison of troops. The brogue of a
foreigner, h. fugue in music. The tongue of a bell. Vague dreams.
What kind of a hat is most in vogue ? A colleague, or associate.
An eclogue, or pastoral poem. A long harangue. A vile intrigue^
The king will prorogue parliament. An apologue, or fable. The
decalogue, or the ten commandments. A demagogue is the leader
•f a politieal faction. The epilogue of a play. A Jewish synagogue.



88



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



S. Silent consonants.

Rem ARK 1. When two consonants, representing the same sound, are
combined at the end of a word, one of them must necessarily be silent.
The consonants c and k are thus combined in some words, and in others
f, 1, and s, when finaVare doubled.





Words


ending in ck.




bSck


duck


ngck


sick


black


flSck


pSck


spSck


bl8ck


kick


quack


struck


brick


lock


r^ck


tack


check


mSck ~


sack


trick


at-tack'


cSs'sock


hem'lSck


pea'cSck


bSn'nock


had' dock


hil'lock


pSl'lock


bSr'rack


ham'mock


mat'tock


ran'sack


bul'lock


h^s'sock


pad' dock


sham'rSck






Words


ending in ff.




bluff


draff


pUff


whtff


buff


gruff


sc5ff


st^ff


cliff


muff


skiff


stiff


cuff


8ff


snuff


stuff


bai'liff


mas' tiff


plain'tiff


_ shgr'iff


cai'tiff


mid'riff


p5n'tiff


tar'iff


'


Words


ending in 11.




bSU


fail


lull


shall


bm


full


mill


stni


cull


^m


null


tan


dSU


giiU


pan


ton


dwm


htU


quill


wan


m


km


rm


wm



WORDS CONTAINING SILENT LETTERS.



89^





Words ending in ss.




blSss


crSss


hiss


mSss


brass


drSss


kiss


pass


ch^ss


glass


lass


press


class


gr^ss


mass


tSss


ad-drSss'


di-gress'


for'tress


prm'cesi


as-sess'


dis-cuss'


glad'ness


progress


blame'less


di§-miss'


g5d'dess


pro-fess'


car'cass


dis-tress'


hSr'ass


prow'ess


ca-rSss'


duch'ess


bareness


suc-cgss'


com'pass


e'gress


m'gress


sup-prSss'


con-f^ss'


em-bSss'


mo-rSss'


tresspass


ctit'lass


em'press


mat'tress


wmd'lass


cy'press


ex-cSss'


po§-§ess'


wit'ness



Exercises for Writing. — The hacJc of the grate is lined with
drick. A pack of hounds. A frame for hay is called a rack. A
tack, or small nail. A bannock is a cake made of barley meaL A
barrack for soldiers. The garment worn by priests under the surplice
is called a cassock. A saUor's hammock. A mat to kneel upon
is called a hassock. A mattock, or pickaxe. A paddock, or small
enclosm-e. The pollock is a salt-water fish. The shamrock, or
three-leaved grass, is the emblem of Ireland. A high hluff. A cliff
is a steep rock. i)rq^, or refuse. G^rw^ manners. >Sm{^ is pulver-
ized tobacco. A whiff of wind. A 'bailiff in England is appointed
by a sheriff. A caitiff, or knave. The midriff, or diaphragm. The
plaintiff in a lawsuit. A tariff of duties.

A man of pleasing address. Parents caress their children. The
mariner's compass. The cypress is the emblem of mourning. Do
not digress from the main points when you discuss a subject. To
emboss is to ornament with raised work. A strong fortress. A



morass, or bog. A mattress to sleep on.
A ship's windlass.



The prowess of a hero.



Remark 2. When two consonants, which do not easily coalesce in


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