Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

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17. What took place at Massah, or Meribah ?
18. At Jehovah-nissi ?

19. From whom did Moses receive a visit near this
place ?

20. What took place at Mount Sinai ?

21. To what places did they proceed after the trans-
actions at Sinai ?

22. To what place did they then proceed ?

23. What measure was adopted near Kadesh-Barnea ?

24. What report did these twelve men bring back
respecting the country ?

2*



18 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

25. This conduct of the people so excited
against them the displeasure of God, that he de-
creed that all who were then twenty years old and
upwards, except Joshua and Caleb, should die in
the wilderness.

26. They made a long stay in Ka'desh ; and
here the rebellion of Ko'rah, Da'than, and A-hi'^
ram, took place.

27. On leaving the neighborhood of Ka'desh-
Bar'nea, they proceeded to Sha'pJier, hy Rim'mon-
Pa'rez, Lib'nah, Ris'sah, and Ke-heV a-thah.

28. From Sha'pher, they journeyed to Mo-se'-
roth, near the Red Sea, by Har'a-dah, Mak-he'-
loth, Ta'hath, Ta'rah, and Mith'cah.

29. From Mo-se'roth, they proceeded to E'zi-
on-ge'her, at the northern extremity of the eastern
branch of the Red Sea, by Ben'i-Ja'a-Jcan, Hor-
ha-gid'gad, Jot'ba-thah, and E-bro'nah.

30. From Ezion-geber, they journeyed to the
Wilderness of Zin, or Ka'desh (where Miriam
died), to a place named Mer'i-bah.

31. At this place, Moses obtained water by
smiting a rock ; but, on account of his offence here,
in " speaking unadvisedly," he was not permitted to
enter Canaan.

32. They next encamped at Mount Hor, and
on the top of this mountani, at a place called Mo^
se'ra, Aa'ron died, in the fortieth year after leaving
Egypt.

25. What was the consequence of thi^ conduct of the
people ?

26. What took place in Kadesh ?

27. To what place did they proceed from Kadesh ?
28. To what from Shapher ? 29. To what from Mose-
roth ? 30. To what from Ezion-geber ?

31. What took place at Meribah ? 32. At Mount Hor ?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 19

33. After departing from Mount Hor, many of
the people died by being bitten by fiery serpents.

34. Their next places of encampment were
Zal-mo'nali, Pu'non, O'both, I-je-ab'ar-nim, Di'-
hon—gad, and AVmon—Dib-la-tha'im.

35. Sihon, king of the Arn'o-rites, refusing to
permit the Israelites to pass through his dominions,
was totally defeated at Ja'haz.

36. Og, king of Bashan, was destroyed, with
his whole army, by the Israelites, at Ed're-i.

37. After these victories, the Israelites encamp-
ed on the Plains of Moab.

38. Bcdak, king of Moab, together with the
princes of Mid'i-an, sent to Ba'Iaam, a soothsayer
of the city of Pe'thor, on the Euphra'tes, to curse
the Israelites.

39. Moses divided the territories which belonged
to Sihon and Og between the tribes of Reu'ben
and Gad, and the half tribe of Ma-nas'seh,

40. Moses, having finished his instructions and
exhortations to his people, ascended the mountain
of JVe'bo and the summit of Pis'gah, took a view
of the promised land, and afterwards died.

41. The Israelites, under the command of Josh-
ua, the successor of Moses, then passed over the



33. What took place after leaving Mount Hor ?

34. What were their next places of encampment ?

35. What took place with respect to Sihon? 36. What
respecting Og ?

37. Where did the Israelites encamp after these
victories ?

38. What next took place ?

39. How did Moses dispose of the territories of Sihon
and Og ?

40. What is further related of Moses ?

41. What was next accomplished by the Israelites ?



20 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

Jordan at Gil'gal, took the city of Jer'i-cho, con-
quered the nations of Ca'naan, and divided their
lands among their tribes.



CHAPTER III.

The Canaanites and neighboring JVations.

1. In the time of Moses and Joshua, the land of
Canaan was inhabited by seven nations, the de-
scendants of Canaan, namely, the Am'o-iites, Jeb'-
u-sites, Hit'tites, Per'iz-zites, Gir'ga-shites, Ca'-
naan-ites, and Hi'vites.



Questions on the Map of the Journeyings of the
Israelites fp.om Egypt to Canaan. No. II.

1. How are mounts Sinai and Horeb situated ?

2. What deserts or wildernesses are situated between
the northern branches of the Red Sea ? 3. What ones
further north ?

4. How was Baalzephon situated ? 5. Ezion-geber ?
6. Rephidim ? 7. Marah and Elira ? 8. Jehovah-nissi ?
9. Massah, or Meribah ? 10. Kadesh-Barnea? 11. Ris-
sah ? 12. Kadesh Meribah ? 13. Mount Hor ? 14. Mounts
Nebo and Pisgah ?

15. How was Edom situated ? 16. Moab ? 17. The
kingdom of Sihon ? 18. The kingdom of Og ? 19. The
Amalekites ?

20. What nations inhabited to the west of the Dead
Sea and the Jordan ?

CHAPTER 111.— questions.

1. By what seven nations was the land of Canaan in-
habited in the time of Moses and Joshua ?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 21

2. All these nations the Israelites were com-
manded to exterminate, on account of their great
wickedness.

3. The most powerful of these seven nations
were the Amorites, who had extended their conquests
to the east of the Jordan, where the kingdom of
Sihon was situated.

4. Besides these, there were, in Canaan, or on
its borders, six other nations, "with whom the Israel-
ites, at various times, maintained severe conflicts.

5. These six nations were the Phi-Ks' tines,
Mid'i-an-ites, Mo'ah-ites, Am'mon-ites, Am'a-leJc-
ites, and E'dom-ites.

6. The Phi-lis' tines are supposed to have been
descended from Miz'raim, the son of Ham, and to
have emigrated from Egypt.

7. They inhabited the south-west part of Canaan,
and were very formidable enemies to the Israelites;
but were subdued by David.

8. Their five chief cities were Ga'za, Ash'dod,
As'ca-lon, Gath, and Ek'ron.

9. Two different places are assigned as the
territory of the Mid'i-an-ites ; and some suppose
that the inhabitants of the two different countries
were of different origin.

10. The southern Mid' i-an-ites inhabited the

2. Why were the Israelites commanded to extermi-
nate these nations ?

3. Which of these seven nations vv^as the most pow-
erful ?

4. What is said respecting six other bordering nations ?

5. What were these six nations ?

6. What was the origin of the Philistines ?

7. What is further said of them ?

8. What were their chief cities ?

9. What is said of the Midianites ?

10. Where did the southern Midianites dwell ?



22 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

country near the north-east point of the Red Sea; and
here Je'thro, tlie father-m-law of Moses, was priest.

11. They are supposed by some to have been
descended from Cush, the son of Ham.

12. The northern Midianites were descended
from JMidian, the fourth son of Abraham by Ketu'-
rah, and inhabited the country on the east of the
Dead Sea.

13. They were ahiiost wholly destroyed by
Joshua ; and afterwards, when they had again re-
covered their strength, they were nearly annihilated
by Gid'eon.

14. The JMoabites and Ammonites were the
descendants of Mo ah and Ammon, the sons of Lot,
and dwelt to the east of the Dead Sea and of the
Jordan.

15. They were repeatedly engaged in war with
the Israelites, and were conquered by David.

16. The chief city of Moab was Ar, or Rah'hath-
Mo'ah ; and of Ammon, Rob' hath— Am' mon.

17. The Am' a-lek~ites were the descendants of
Am'a-lek, the son of El'i-phaz, and grandson of
Esau.

18. They dwelt to the south of Canaan, and
were very formidable enemies to the Israelites.



11. From whom are they supposed to have been
descended?

12. What is said of the origin and residence of the
northern Midianites ?

13. By whom were they destroyed ?

14. What is said of the origin and residence of the
Moabites and Ammonites ?

15. By whom were they conquered ?

16. What were their chief cities ?

17. From whom were the Amalekites descended ?

18. Where did they dwell ?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 23

19. They were doomed to destruction, which
was commenced by Saul, and completed by David.

20. The E'dom-ites were the descendants of
Esau, who was also called Eclom.

21. They inhabited the country which was sit-
uated to the south-east of Canaan, and which was
called E'dom, and also I-du-me'a, and included the
mountains of Seir and Hor.

22. In the north-west part of Canaan, on the
borders of the tribe of Asher, were the Phoeni-
cian cities of Tyre and Sidon, which were very
ancient, and celebrated for commerce.

23. Sidon was founded by Sidon, the son of
Canaan ; and at Tyi-e reigned Hiram, who fur-
nished Solomon with many materials for the temple.

24. To the north-east of Ca'naan was Da-mas' cus,
once the capital of the kingdom of Syr'i-a, and one
of the most ancient cities in the world, celebrated
both in sacred and profane history.

25. Damascus gave name to the damascene or
damson plum, .the damask rose, and damask linens
and silks.

26. The Syi'ians were conquered by David, but
were afterwards repeatedly engaged in war with
tlie Israelites, particularly under their kings Ben'-
ha-dad, Haz'a-el, and Rezin.

19. By whom were they destroyed ?

20. From whom were the Edomites descended ?

21. Where did they reside ?

22. Where were Tyre and Sidon situated ? 23. What
is said of them ?

24. What is said of Damascus ?

25. To what has Damascus given name ?

26. What is related of the Syrians ?



24 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.



CHAPTER IV.

Canaan divided among the Tribes of Israel: Places
of JVote in the History of the Old Testament,

1. After the conquest of Canaan by the Israel-
ites, the country was divided among the Twelve
Tribes by lot.

2. The tribe of Levi, or the Levites, being
consecrated to the priesthood, received no inherit-
ance or portion of territory with the other tribes,
but were supported by tithes ; and for their resi-
dence there were assigned to them forty-eight cities,
which were dispersed throughout all the tribes.

3. The posterity of E'phra-im and Ma-nas'seh,
the two sons of Joseph, had portions assigned
them as distinct tribes, in consequence of Jacob's
having adopted them ; and these two are reckoned,
in the divisions, instead of Joseph and Levi.

4. The tribes of Reuben and Gad and half of
Manasseh, had their portion beyoyd, or on the
east side of, the Jordan ; and all the others on the
west side of the river.

5. The Tabernacle and Ark of the covenant
were first fixed at Gil' gal; but, before the death
of Joshua, they w^ere removed to Shi'loh, where
they remained till the time of Eh.

CHAPTER lY.— questions.

1. How was the land of Canaan divided ?

2. What is related respecting the tribe of Levi?
3. What respecting Ephraim and Manasseh ?

4. What tribes were situated to the east of the Jor-
dan ?

5. At what places were the Tabernacle and Ark of
the covenant first fixed?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 25'

6. The Ai'k was afterwards taken by the Philis-
tmes ; and, when restored, it was lodged succes-
sively at Kir'jath-je'a-rim, at JVoh^ in the house of
0-bed-e'dom, in the palace of David on mount Zi-
on, and finally in Solomon's Temple.

7. It was regarded with the greatest veneration,
and every place in w^hich it was fixed, was, on

^that account, esteemed particularly holy.

8. Joshua appointed six cities of refuge, three
on each side of the Jordan, as places of security
for the " slayer that killed any person unawares."

9. The three to the west of the Jordan were
He'hron in Judah, She'chem in Ephraim, and Ke'-
desh in Naphtali.

10. The three on the east side were Be'zer in
Reuben, Ra' moth-Gil' e-ad in Gad, and Go'lan in
Manasseh.

11. The country included within the limits of
the Twelve Tribes, is of small extent, not a third
part as large as the state of New^ York.

12. Dan was reputed the most northern city,
and Be-er'slie-ha the most southern ; hence the
proverbial phrase, to express the limits of the coun-
try, "From Dan to Beersheba."

13. During the reigns of David and Solomon, the
most flourishing period of the nation, the limits of the

6. At what other places was the Ark successively
lodged ?

7. How was it regarded ?

8. For what purpose did Joshua appoint six cities of
refuge ?

9. Which three were west of the Jordan? 10. Which
east ?

11. What is said of the extent of the country ?

12. What is mentioned respecting Dan and Beersheba?

13. What was the extent of the kingdom during the
reigns of David and Solomon ?

3



26 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

kingdom were greatly enlarged, extending from
the border of Egypt and the north end of the Red \
Sea, on the south-west and south, to the river Eu~
phra'tes, on the north-east.

14. After the death of Solomon, ten tribes re-
volted from his son and successor, Rehobo'am ;
and two kingdoms were formed, namely, the king-
dom of Israel, consisting of the ten revolted tribes,
and the kingdom of Judah, composed of the tribes
of Judah and Benjamin.

15. The capital of the kingdom of Israel was
Sa-ma'ri-a, in the tribe of E'phra-im, which was
the most powerful of the Ten Tribes, and is some-
times used in the Bible for the whole kingdom.

16. This kingdom subsisted 254 years, at the
end of which period the Ten Tribes were carried
captive by Shal-man-e'ser, king of Assyria ; and
the country was afterwards inhabited by a mixed
population.

17. The kingdom of Judah had for its capital
the city of Jerusalem, and continued to be governed
by kings of the family of David, till the time of the
Babylonish captivity.

Towns ofJVote in the History of the Old Testament.

18. In Judah; He'bron, celebrated in the history
of the patriarchs, and the place where David
reigned seven years ; Beth'le-hem, where Da-
vid was born, and also our Savior ; A-did'lam and

14. What took place after the death of Solomon ?

15. What was the capital of the kingdom of Israel,
and which was the most powerful of the Ten Tribes ?

16. What is said of this kingdom ?

17. What is said of the kingdom of Judah ?

18. What towns in Judah are mentioned, and for
what celebrated ?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 27

En'ge-di, near which were caves, that afforded
a retreat to David; Te-ko'ah, the town of the
prophet Amos.

19. On the borders of Judah and Benjamin
was Jeru'salem, the residence of the kings of Judah,
the seat of the temple, and the religious capital of
the nation.

20. In Benjamin ; Gil' gal, where the Israelites
crossed the Jordan, and where the Ark of the cove-
nant was, for a time, deposited ; Jer'i-cko, famous
for its siege and capture by Joshua, and for pakn-
trees ; A'i, for its conquest by Joshua ; Beth' el,
for the vision of Jacob ; Gib'e-on, the capital
of the Gibeonites ; Gib'e-ah, the birthplace of
Saul.

21. In Simeon ; Be-er'she-ha, noted in the histo-
ry of the patriarchs, and for being the southernmost
town of Israel ; Gaza, in the country of the Phi-
listines, famous in the history of Samson.

22. In Dan; GatJi, a city of the Philistines, and
the birthplace of Gohah.

23. In Ejyhraim ; Samaria, the capital of the
kingdom of Israel ; She'chem, or Si'chem, (in the
New Testament, Sychar), noted in the history of
Jacob, also for the last exhortation of Joshua to the
Israelites, and for the tomb of Joseph ; Tim-nath-
se'raJi, for the tomb of Joshua ; Shi'loh, the place
of the Ark of the covenant from the time of
Joshua to the time of Eli ; Joppa, (on the borders
of Ephraim and Dan), the principal port of the
Israelites.



19. What is said of Jerusalem ?

20. What towns in Benjamin are mentioned, and for
what celebrated? 21. In Simeon? 22. In Dan?
23. In Ephraim ?



28 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

24. In ManasseJi, west of Jordan ; Tir'zah,
famous for being for a time the seat of the kings of
Israel ; Me-gid'do, for the defeat and death of
Josiah ; Jez' re-el, for a palace of Ahab, and for
giving name to a large and fertile plain, called also
the plain of Es-dra' e-lon.

25. In Issachar ; Shu'nem, where Elisha re-
stored a child to life.

26. In Zehulon; Gath-he'pher, the native place
of the prophet Jonah.

27. On the west of Ash'er were the cities of
Tyre and Sidon, famous for commerce ; Zar'e-
phath, or Sa-rep'ta, for the miracles of Elijah.

28. In JSfaphtali ; Dan, noted as the northern-
most city of Israel, and for being one of the places
where Jeroboam set up his golden calves ; Bethel
being the other.

29. In Manas s eh beyond Jordan ; Ed're-i, fa-
mous for the defeat of Og, king of Bashan.

30. In Gad; Ra' moth— Gil' e-ad, memorable in
die wars of the Israelites ; Ma-ha-na'im,, for the
meeting of Jacob and Esau ; Suc'coth, as the resi-
dence of Jacob.

31. In Reuben; Hesh'hon, a city of note among
the Amorites, afterwards among the Israelites ;
Ja'haz, where Sihon was defeated.

24. What towns in Manasseh west of Jordan are
mentioned? 25. In Issachar ? 26. In Zebulon? 27. On
the west of Asher ? 28. In Naphtali ? 29. In Manas-
seh beyond Jordan .^ 30. In Gad.? 31. In Reuben .?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 29



CHAPTER V.

Physical Geography of the Holy Land, or a De-
scription of the Country,

1. This country was first called the Land of
Canaan, from Canaan, the son of Ham ; the Land
of Promise, or the Promised Land, from its being
promised by God to Abraham ; the Land of Israel,
from the Israelites ; Judea, from Judah, the princi-
pal of the twelve tribes ; Palestine, from the Phi-
listines, who inhabited the south-west part of it ; and
the Holy Land, from its being the scene of the
greater part of the transactions recorded in the
Bible, and particularly of the birth, life, miracles,
and sufferings of our Savior.

2. It is also repeatedly called in the Bible sim-
ply The Land. The names which have, in modern
times, been most commonly applied to it, are the
Holy Land and Palestine.

3. The Israelites esteemed this country as holy ;
and all other countries they regarded as profane,
the very dust of which would contaminate one of
their nation.

4. The face of the country is beautifully diver-
sified with mountains, hills, valleys, and plains.



CHAPTER Y.—questio7is.

1. By what different names has the Holy Land been
called ?

2. What names have been commonly applied to it in
modern times ?

3. How did the Israelites regard this and other
countries ?

4. What is said of the face of the country ?

3*



30 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

5. The climate is excellent; the cold seldom
excessive ; the heat of summer is great, but miti-
gated by a periodical breeze.

6. Rain seldom falls here, except in the spring
and autumn ; but the deficiency is, in a measure,
supplied by abundant dews.

7. The Scriptures, in describing the fruitfulness
of this country, characterize it as "a land flowing
with milk and honey."

8. In modern times, many parts of it have a
desolate appearance, as the cultivation has gener-
ally been much neglected ; but where it has been
well attended to, it is highly productive.

9. " Under a wise and beneficent government,"
says a recent traveller, " the produce of the Holy
Land would exceed all calculation. Its perennial
harvest ; the salubrity of its air ; its limpid springs ;
its rivers, lakes, and matchless plains ; its hills and
vales ; all these, added to the serenity of its climate,
prove this land to be indeed a field which the Lord
hath blessed."

10. The Jor'dan, the celebrated river of Pales-
tine, and the only considerable one in the country,
is deep and rapid, but not wide. It rises near the
foot of Mount Hermon ; passes through lakes Me-
rom and Gennesareth ; and, after a southerly
course of about 150 miles, flows into the Dead Sea.

1 1 . Some of the other famous streams or rivulets of
Palestine are the Ar'non, Jah'bok, Be'sor, So'rek
and Ki'shon; also Ce'dron, or Kid'ron, noted for pas-

5. What is said of the climate ? 6. What respecting rain?

7. How do the Scriptures characterize this country ?

8. What is its state in modern times ?

9. What is said of it by a recent traveller ?

10. What account is given of the Jordan ?

11. What other famous streams are there ?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 31

sing by Jerusalem, and Be'lus, near Ptolema'is, from
the sand of which glass is said to have been first made.

12. The Dead Sea, called also the Sea of Sod-
om, the Salt Sea, and Lake As-phal-ti'tes, is
about 70 miles long, and from 10 to 18 broad.

13. It occupies the place where once stood the
five cities of the plain, namely, Sod' am, Go-mor'rah,
Ad'maJi, Ze-bo'im, and Zo'ar ; the first four of which
were destroyed by fire from heaven.

14. It is surrounded by majestic and dreary
mountains ; and its ^dcinity is barren and cheerless.
The water is clear, but uncommonly salt and bitter.

15. The Sea of Galilee, called also the lake of
Gen-nes' a-retli and the Sea of Tibe'rias, and, in the
Old Testament, the Sea of CMn'ne-reth, or Cin'-
ne-roth, is 17 miles long, and 6 broad.

16. This lake, which is celebrated in the gospel
history, is environed by lofty eminences, and has a
beautiful and picturesque appearance.

17. Our Savior passed much of his time, during
his ministry, in the vicinity of this lake, and it was
here that several of his disciples were employed,
in the early part of their lives, as fishermen.

18. Mount Leb'a-non, called by the Greeks
and Latins Lib'a-nus, is a famous range of moun-
tains on the north of Palestine. Its summits are
almost always covered with snow.



" 12. What is the extent of the Dead Sea?

13. What place does it occupy ?

14. What is further said of it ?

15. What are the length and breadth of the Sea of
Galilee ?

16. What is said of it ?

17. What is mentioned respecting our Savior and his
disciples in connection with this lake ?

18. What is said of Mount Lebanon ?



32 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.

19. Lebanon is celebrated in Hebrew poetry,
particularly for its magnificent cedars, some speci-
mens of which still remain.

20. To the east of Lebanon is Anti-Lebanon ;
and to the south-east is Mount Hermon, the sum-
mit of which is usually covered with snow.

21. Mount Carmel, on the coast of the Mediter-
ranean, was the retreat of the prophet Elijah, and
has, in later times, been noted for monks, called
Carmelites.

22. Mount Tabor, a conical mountain, to the
south-west of the sea of Galilee, is commonly sup-
posed to have been the scene of our Savior's
transfiguration.

23. The Mountains of Ephraim, or Israel, were
situated in the central part of Palestine. An ele-
vated summit of this range, situated not far from
Jericho, and now called Quar-an-ta'ri-a, is sup-
posed to have been the scene of the temptation.

24. North of Shechem Vv'as Mount E'bal ; and
to the south. Mount Ger'i-zini, famous for the
temple of the Samaritans.

25. Mount Gil'bo-a, south of the sea of Galilee,
is noted for the death of Saul and Jonathan.

26. The Mountains of Gilead, to the east of
the Jordan, were famous for producing balm, or
balsam, the dried juice of a tree, v\^hich was much
used by the ancients as a medicine.



19. For what is Lebanon celebrated in Hebrew
poetry ?

20. What mountains lie east and south-east of Leba-
non ?

21. What is said of Mount Carmel ? 22. Mount
Tabor ? 23. The mountains of Ephraim ? 24. Ebal
and Gerizim ? 25. Mount Gilboa ? 26. Gilead ?



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 33

27. To the north-east of Gilead was Ba'shan,
famous for stately oaks, and for numerous herds
of cattle.

28. To the south were the mountains of Ab'a-
rim, from the summits of which, JVe'bo and Pis'gah,
Moses had a view of the Promised Land.

29. To the south of Palestine is the mountain-
ous range called Seir, with its summit, Mount Hor,
on which Aaron died.

30. The country of Palestine, being mountainous
and rocky, abounds in caves, w^hich anciently afford-
ed a refuge to the inhabitants.

31. David made the cave of A-duVlam a place
of retreat ; and in the cave of En'ge-di, he con-
cealed himself, together with 600 men.

32. In a cave not far from Samaria, Obadi'ah
hid a hundred prophets ; and the cave of Mach-pe'-
lah, near Hebron, is celebrated as the burying-place
of Abraham and his family.

33. Frequent mention is made in the Bible of
wildernesses or deserts. Some of these, which
belonged to Palestine, were barren, sandy plains ;
others were mountainous, and covered with trees
or pasture.

34. The most celebrated desert in Palestine
was the Desert, or Wilderness of Judea, situated
to the west of the Dead Sea, where John the
Baptist preached.

27. What is said of Bashan? 28. Abarim? 29.
Mount Seir ?

30. What is remarked respecting caves ?

31. What is said of the caves of Adullam and Engedi ?

32. What other caves are mentioned ?

33. What is mentioned respecting wildernesses ?

34. What was the most celebrated desert or wilder-
ness of Palestine ?



34 SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY.


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