Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

Outlines of scripture geography with an atlas online

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Palestine in the Time of the JYew Testament History .
Judea. Jerusalem and its Environs.

1. In the time of the gospel history, the whole
of Palestine was subject to the Romans, and was
divided into four parts ; namely, Ju~de'a, Sa-7na'ri-a,
Gal'i-lee^ andPe-r^^'a, or the country beyond Jordan. ,

2. Our Savior was born at Bethlehem in Judea,
but his place of residence, before entering on his
public ministry, was JS'azareth in Galilee ; hence
he w^as sometimes called a Nazarene, and some-
times a Galilean.

Qiiestio7is on the Map of Judah and Isr.ael. No III.

I. How were the Amalekites situated with reg-ard to
Judah and Israel ? 2. How Damascus ? 3. How was
Ammon situated ? 4. Moab ? 5. Midian ?

6. Which two tribes were situated farthest south?
7. Which three farthest north ? 8. Which on the
Mediterranean or Great Sea ? 9. Which on the Dead
Sea? 10. Which on the east of the Jordan?

II. How was Judah situated? 12. Simeon ? 13. Ma-
nasseh? 14. Asher ? 15. Reuben? 16. Dan? 17. Gad ?
18. Issachar? 19. Naphtah ? 20. Benjamin ? 21. Zeb-
ulon ? 22. Ephraim ?

23. What towns are found in the tribe of Judah ?
24. In Benjamin ? 25. In Simeon ? 2(>. In Dan ?
27. In Ephraim ? 28. In Manasseh ? 29. In Issachar ?
30. In Zebulon? 31. In Asher? 32. In Naphtali?
33. In Manasseh beyond Jordan ? 34. In Gad ? 35. In
Reuben ?

CHAPTER Yl.— questions.

1. What is said of the condition and divisions of
Palestine, in the time of the gospel history ?

2. Where was our Savior born, and where was his
residence ?


3. His journeyings, during his ministry, were
limited to Palestine. The two principal centres
of his labors were Jerusalem and its vicinity, and
the neighborhood of the Sea of Galilee.

4. JuDEA comprised the territories which for-
merly belonged to the tribes of Judah, Benjamin,
Simeon, and Dan, and was distinguished particular-
ly for containing the city of Jerusalem.

5. Jerusalem was styled by the Israelites the
Holy City and the City of God, and was regarded
as, in a pecuhar sense, the dwelling-place of the
Most High, as it contained the Temple, and was
the centre of the Jewish worship.

6. It was built on four hills, Zi'on, Mo-ri'ah,
A' era, and Be-ze'ta, which were almost surrounded
by valleys, encompassed by mountains.

7. Two small streams, branches of the brook
Kid'ron or Ce'dron, flowed through the valleys,
one on the east, and the other on the south of
the city.

8. Mount Zion, which was the most elevated
of the hills, and on which the city of David was
built, and also tlie palace of David, was the most

9. Mount Moriah, on which the Temple was
erected, was to the east ; and to the north were
two other hills, less elevated.

3. To what were his journeyings limited, and what
were the principal centres of his labors ?

4. What did Judea comprise ?

,5. What is said of Jerusalem ? 6. What of its situation ?

7. What streams flowed through the valleys ?

8. What is said of Mount Zion ? 9. What of Mount
Moriah ?


10. After the building of the Temple, all the
adult males of Israel were required to go to Jeru-
salem, three times a year, to keep the three great
amiual festivals ; namely, the Passover, the Pente-
cost, and the Feast of Tabernacles.

11. The first Temple was built by Solomon,
and was an extensive and magnificent edifice,
adorned with very costly ornaments of gold, and
encompassed by spacious courts.

12. In the innermost part of the Temple was
the Sanctuary, including the Holy of Holies, so
called because it contained the Ark of the covenant.

13. Into this most holy place none but the high
priest was permitted to enter ; and he only once a
year, on the great day of atonement.

14. The second Temple, which was built by
Ze-rub'ba-hel, after the return of the Jews from
the Babylonish captivity, was much inferior to that
of Solomon.

15. Herod began to repair or rebuild the Tem-
ple 16 years before the birth of Christ, and ren-
dered it extremely magnificent.

16. Near the Temple was the pool of JBe-thes'-
da ; and on the north-west was the castle or fortress
of An~to'ni-a, in which a Roman legion was quar-

. 10. At what three festivals were all the adult males
required to be at Jerusalem ?

11. What is said of the first Temple?

12. What was there in the innermost part of it ?

13. Who was permitted to enter into the Holy of
Holies ?

14. By whom was the second Temple built ?

15. When did Herod begin to repair or rebuild the
Temple ?

16. Where were the pool of Bethesda and the castle
of Antonia .^


17. On the west side of the city, and just without
the walls, was Mount Calvary, where our Lord was

18. To the south of the city was Ge-hen'na or
the T^alley of Hinnom, where the Israelites sacri-
ficed their children to the image of Mo'loch.

19. Li the J^alley of Je-hos'a-phat, to the east
of the city, were the fountain or pool of Sil'o-am
or Sil'o-ah, and also the Garden of Geth-sem' a-ne,
where our Savior was betrayed.

20. To the east of the valley of Jehosaphat was
the Mount of Olives or Mount Ol'i-vet, so eleva-
ted as to afford a fine view of the city and temple.

21. The modern city of Jerusalem is built
chiefly on Mount Moriah, and is much visited by

22. To the east of Jerusalem was Beth' pha-ge ;
and still farther, Beth' a-ny, famous for the resi-
dence of Mary and Martha, for the raising of
Laz'a-rus, and for the ascension of our Savior.

23. Beth'le-hem is memorable as the birthplace
of our Savior ; Em'ma-us, for his conversation
with two of his disciples after his resurrection.

24. Jer'i-cho, famous in the history of the Old
Testament, is frequently mentioned in the New,
and was the residence of Zac-che'us.

25. Ar-i-ma-the'a is noted as the town of Joseph,
who begged of Pilate the body of Jesus ; Lyd'da.
for the cure of E'neas by Peter.

17. Where was Mount Calvary ?

18. Where was Gehenna or the Valley of Hinnora ?

19. The pool of Siloam and the garden of Gethsemane .''

20. The Mount of Olives ?

21. What is said of the modern city ? 22. Bethphage
and Bethany ? 23= Bethlehem and Emmaus ? 24. Jeri-
eho ? 25. Arimathea and Lydda ?




Samaria : Galilee : Percea.

1. The country or province of Samaria derived
its name from the city of Samaria, which was the
capital of the kingdom of Israel ; and it com.prised
the territory which belonged to the tribe oi Ephraim
and half of Manasseh.

2. After the captivity of the Ten Tribes by
Shalmane'ser, this country was repeopled by colo-
nists from Assyria, and such Israelites as remained
or afterwards returned ; and this mixed race of
people were called Sa-mar'i-tans.

3. They adopted the Laiv of Jlloses, and re-
garded the Pentateuch as a book of divine author-
ity ; but rejected the rest of the Old Testament.

4. They built a temple on Mount Ger'i-zim,
where they celebrated their worship, instead of
going to Jerusalem.

5. The greatest aversion existed between the
Jews and Samaritans ; and the two nations had no
friendly intercourse with each other.

6. Our Savior spent but little time, during his
ministry, in Samaria ; though he repeatedly pass-
ed through the country, in journeying from Galilee
to Judea.


CHAPTER YIL— questions.

1. What is said of the country or province of Samaria ?

2. Who were the Samaritans ? and what was their
origin ?

3. What their religion ?

4. Where did they build a temple ?

5. How did the Jews and Samaritans regard eacl'

G. Did our Savior pass much time in Samaria ?


7. Sy'char, called in the Old Testament She'-
cheni and Si^chem, now JSfajJoIose, became the
metropolis of the Samaritans, after the destruction
of the city of Samaria.

8. Near Sychar was Jacobus Well, memorable
for our Savior's conversation with the woman of

9. In the vicinity was Mount Ger'i-zim, on
which the Samaritan temple was built, and to
which allusion is made in the remark of the
woman, " Our fathers worshipped in this moun-

10. C(ss-a-re'a, a city on the coast of the Med-
iterranean, w^as the seat of the Roman procurators
or governors of Palestine.

11. In this city Herod Agrippa was smitten
with a fatal disease, as related in Acts xii. ;
here St. Peter converted Cornelius, the centu-
rion ; and here St. Paul defended himself before
Felix, Festus, and Agrippa, before he sailed to

12. Jop'pa, now Jaffa, is famous as the port
of Jerusalem, and for being the place where Peter
restored Dorcas to life.

13. An-tip'a-tris, a town built by Herod, is
mentioned in the history of St. Paul ; E'non and
Sa'lim, near the Jordan, were places where John

7. What is said of Sychar ?

8. For what is Jacob's Well memorable ?

9. What is said of Mount Gerizim ? 10. What of
Ceesarea ?

11. What events took place in this city ?

12. What is said of Joppa ?

13. What of Antipatris, Enon, and Salim ?


14. Galilee, the northern division of Palestine,
comprised the coantiy formerly occupied by the
tribes of Is'sa-char, Zeh'u-lon^ JVaph'ta-li, and

15. It was divided into Upper and Lower.
Upper GaHlee, the northern division, was momi-
tainous, and was called Galilee of the Gentiles^
because it bordered upon Gentile nations.

16. The chief town of Upper Galilee was C<£s~
a-re'a-Phi-lip'pij called in the Old Testament Dan.

17. Lower Galilee, which is called in the New
Testament simply Gal'i-lee, is comparatively level,
and was very fruitful and populous ; and many of its
inhabitants were Israelites.

18. This division of Palestine was most honored
with our Savior's presence, and it was the native
country of most, if not ail, of his twelve disciples.

19. Ti-be'ri-as, situated on the sea of Galilee,
which was called also the sea of Tiberias, was
once the capital of Galilee, and was noted for
its Jewish academy after the destruction of Je-

20.'na-um, Clio-ra'zin, and Beth-sa/i-da^
were all situated near the sea of Galilee, and were
memorable for our Lord's discourses and miracles,
which brought a heavy woe upon them on account
of their unbelief.

14. What did Galilee comprise ? 15. How was it
divided ?

16. What was the chief town of Upper Galilee ?

17. How is Lower Galilee described ?

18. What is farther said of this division ?

19. What is said of Tiberias ?

20. What is said of Capernaum, Chorazin, and
Bethsaida ?


21. Seth-sa'i-da was the residence of the disci-
ples Philip, Peter, Andrew, James, and John.

22. Ca-per^na-um was the residence of Mat-
thew ; and on an eminence near this town, our
Savior delivered his memorable discourse, called
the " Sermon on the Mount."

23. JVaz' a-reth is famous for having been the
residence of our Savior, before he entered on his
public ministry ; Ca'na, for his miracle of turning
water into wine ; JVa'in, for his raising a widow's
son to life.

24. Ptol-e-ma'is or Ac'cho, now Acre, a place
visited by St. Paul, is noted in the history of the

25. Pe-r^'a, or the country Beyond Jordan,
comprised the territories which formerly belonged
to the tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half
tribe of Manasseh, and it was subdivided into sev-
eral districts.

26. De-cap' Q-lis was a combination of ten
cities, which were situated not far from the sea
of Galilee.

27. The country on the east side of the sea of
Galilee was repeatedly visited by our Savior, and
here were the towns of Dal-ma-nu'tha, Mag' da-la,
and Gad'a-ra.

28. Farther to the south, on the Jordan, was
Be-thab' a-ra, where John baptized.

21. Of whom was Bethsaida the residence ?

22. What is said of Capernaum? 23. What of
Nazareth, Cana, and Nain ? 24. Ptolemais ?

25. What did Pergea comprise ? 26. Decapolis ?
27. What is mentioned of the country on the east
side of the sea of Galilee ? 28. What of Bethabara ?


Questions on the Map of Palestine. No. IV.

1. What sea lies west of Palestine ?

2. How was Samaria bounded ? 3. Judea ? 4. Galilee ?
5. Pereea, or Beyond Jordan ?

6. How was Galilee of the Gentiles situated ? 7. Itu-
rea ? 8. Phoenicia ? 9. Syria ? 10. Gennesaret ?
11. Decapdlis ?

12. How is the Dead Sea situated ? 13. The sea of
Galilee ? 14. The Waters of Merom ?

15. Through what does the Jordan flow .'' 16. Into
what does it empty ?

17. Where does the Arnon empty ? 18. The Jabbok ?

19. What streams empty into the Mediterranean ?

20. How is Mount Lebanon situated? 21. Anti-Leb-
anon ? 22. Mount Hermon ? 23. Mount Carmel .-^
24. Mount Tabor ? 25. The Mountains of Ephraira ?
26. The Mountains of Abarim ? 27. Mount Gilboa ?

28. How is Jerusalem situated? 29. Samaria?
30. Cffisarea? 31. Tiberias? 32. Sidon? 33. Ga-
za? 34. Hebron? 35. Joppa ? 36. Jericho ? 37. Ptol-
emais ? 38. Capernaum ? 39. Sychar ? 40. Tyre ?
41. CsBsarea-Philippi ? 42. Beersheba ? 43. Bethle-
hem ? 44. Nazareth? 45. Cana ? 46. Emmaus? 47,
Gath? 48. Ascalon? 49. Magdala ? 50. Ramoth-
Gilead? 51. Jezreel ? ,52. Bethabara ? 53. Azotus ?
54. Engedi? 55. Salim and Enon ? 56. Megiddo?
57. Shunem?

Questions on the Map of Jerusalem. No. V.

I. In what part of Jerusalem was Mount Zion ?
2. Mount Moriah?

3. Where was the city of David ? 4. The Temple ?
5. The Palace of David ? 6. Solomon's Palace ?
7. Salem, or the Old City ? 8. The Pool of Bethesda ?
9. The Castle of Antonia ? 10. Mount Calvary ?

II. Which v/ay from the city was the Mount of Ol-
ives? 12. Where was the Valley of Jehosaphat ?
13. The Valley of Hinnom ? 14. The Pool of Siloam ?
15. The Fuller's and the Potter's Fields ? 16. Geth-
semane ?

17. Which way from Jerusalem were Bethphage and
Bethany ?



Countries in which the Gospel was preached by the

1. Tlie labors of the apostles in preaching the
gospel, after the resurrection of our Savior, as
related in the Acts, were confined chiefly to Pal-
estine, Syria, Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy.

2. These countries were all, at this period, sub-
ject to the Romans ; and they embraced the por-
tions of the earth which were most distinguished
for civilization, arts, and literature ; but the inhab-
itants were all, with the exception of the Jews,
pagan idolaters, commonly styled in the Bible


3. The Jews, having rejected and crucified our
Savior, were little inclined to listen to the instruc-
tion of his disciples, or to receive his religion ; but
among the Gentiles, the apostles met with wonder-
ful success.

'4. Syria, which was, at this period, a Roman
province, had for its capital An'ti-och, which had
been the residence of the Macedonian kings of
Syria, called the Se-leu'ci-dce, and was for some
time the third city in the world in splendor and

5. Antioch is frequently mentioned in the Acts

CHAPTER YllL— questions.

1. In what countries was the gospel preached by the
apostles ?

2. What is said of these countries ?

3. With what success did the af)ostles meet?

4. What is said of Syria and Antioch ?

5. What further is related of Antioch ?


of the Apostles ; it was the native place of St,
Luke, and for some time the residence of St. Peter
and St. Paul; and here the disciples of Christ
were first called Christians.

6. Asia Minor contained a number of divisions
or provinces, some of the principal of which were
Cap-pa-do' ci-a, Pon'tus, Lyc-a-o'ni-a, Ga-la'ti-a,
Ci-li'ci-a, Pam-phyl'i~a, A'si-a, and Bi-thyn'i-a.

7. Asia was a proconsular province, comprising
Mys'i-a, Lyd'i-a, Ca'ri-a, and most of Phryg'i-a,
in the western part.

8. Eph'e-sus, the capital of the province of
Asia, was a large and splendid city, celebrated for
a magnificent temple of Di-a'na,. which was reck-
oned one of the seven wonders of the world.

9. St. Paul spent some time at Ephesus ; here
St. John passed the latter part of his life ; and of
the church here, Timothy was appointed bishop.

10. The " seven churches of Asia," mentioned
in the Revelation, namely, Eph'e-sus, Smyr'na,
Per'ga-mos, Thy-a-ti'ra, Sar'dis, Phil-a-deVphi-a,
and La-od-i-ce' a, were all in the province of Asia.

11. Smyrna, a large commercial city, is noted
for having been considered by some as the birth-
place of Homer ; Per'ga-mos, as the royal city of
Eu'me-nes ; Sar'dis, as the residence of the rich
king Croesus ; Mi-le'tus, for its riches and com-
merce, and a temple of Apollo.

6. What is said of Asia Minor ? 7. What of the prov-
ince of Asia ? 8. What of Ephesus ? 9. Which of the
apostles resided here ?

10. What were the " seven churches," and where
situated ?

11. What is said of Smyrna, Pergamos, Sardis, and
Miletus ?


12. Tar'sus, the capital of Cilicia, was a large
city, noted for the arts and sciences, and as the
birthplace of St. Paul ; I-co'ni-um, as the capital
of Lyc-a-o'ni-a ; Pa'phos, as the capital of the
island of Cyprus.

13. Greece, at this period, was divided into two
Roman provinces, namely, A-cha'i-a and Mac-e-

14. Achaia comprised Greece Proper and the
Pel-o-pon-ne'sus ; and Macedonia consisted of Ma-
cedonia Proper, Thessaly, and Epirus.

15. Cor'inth, the capital of Achaia, was situated
on a gulf and an isthmus of the same name, and was
famous for commerce, wealth, and the arts, and for
the celebration of the Isthmian games in its vicinity.

16. Ath'ens, the most renowned city of Greece,
was for a long time the most, celebrated seat of
learning in the world, and gave birth to many
of the most eminent men of antiquity ; yet this city,
as well as those less enlightened, " was wholly given
to idolatry."

17. Thes-sa-lo-ni'ca, now Salonica, the capital
of the Roman province of Macedonia, was a large
commercial city.

18. Phi-lip' pi, situated north-east of Thessalo-
nica, was famous for the defeat of Brutus and

19. Crete, a large island lying south-east of
Greece, and much celebrated in Grecian history,

12. What is said of Tarsus, &c. ?

13. How was Greece now divided ?

14. What did x'Vchaia comprise, and what Macedonia ?

15. What is said of Corinth ? 16. Athens ? 17.
Thessalonica ? 18. Philippi ? 19. Crete?


was visited by St. Paul, accompanied by Titus,
who was left here to regulate the affairs of the

20. Pat'mos, a small barren island, is celebrated,
for being the place to which St. John was banished.

21. The great and powerful city of Rome was
the capital of the Roman Empire, which, in the
time of the gospel history, was nearly in its great-
est extent, and embraced most of the then known

22. The Roman Empire was, during the minis-
try of St. Paul, successively governed by the em-
perors Ti-be'ri-us, Ca-Ug'u-la, Claudi-us, and


Labors and Travels of St. Paul and the other

1. The labors of St. Peter, so far as they are
recorded in the New Testament, were limited to
Palestine and the city of Antioch; yet, from his
addressing his first epistle to the Christians dis-
persed in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and
Bithynia, he is supposed to have preached in those

20. What is said of Patmos ?

21. What is said of Rome and the Roman Empire ?

22. By what emperors was the empire governed
during St. Paul's ministry ?

CHAPTER IX.— questions.
1. What is said of the labors of Peter ?


2. St. John preached the gospel for a while in
Palestine. He was at length banished to the island
of Patmos; and he passed the latter part of his
life in Asia Minor, chiefly at Ephesus.

3. James, the brother of John, suffered martyr-
dom under Herod Agrippa, as related in Acts, xii.

4. The other apostle James, the brother of Jude,
sometimes called James the Less, was the author
of the epistle which bears his name, and was bishop
of Jerusalem, w^here he suffered martyrdom,
A. D. 62.

5. Of the labors of the rest of the twelve original
disciples or apostles, subsequent to the ascension
of our Savior, scarcely any thing is recorded in the
^ew Testament.

6. St. Paul, who was appointed an apostle after
the ascension of our Savior, and was preeminent
for his various endowments, " labored more abun-
dantly than all the others," and is styled the great
apostle of the Gentiles.

7. He was a native of Tarsus, a Hebrew of the
tribe of Benjamin, was educated a Pharisee, and
possessed, by birth, the privilege of a Roman citi-
zen. This privilege, it has been maintained by
some, was conferred on his ancestors ; but others
suppose that, at this period, all the natives of Tar-
sus enjoyed it.

8. St. Paul was, for a time, zealous for the Jew-
ish religion, and employed himself in cruelly per-

2. What is said of John ?

3. What is said of James the brother of John ?

4. What of the other apostle James ?

5. What of the rest of the 12 original disciples ?

6. What is said of St. Paul ? 7. What of his birth
and origin ?

8. What further is related of him ?


secuting the Christians ; and it was while on a
journey from Jerusalem to Damascus, for this pur-
pose, that his miraculous conversion took place,
A. D. 35, or 36.

9. After his conversion, he went to Damascus,
thence into Arabia, where he passed considerable
time ; then returned to Damascus, and afterwards
to Jerusalem.

10. After this first return to Jerusalem, subse-
quent to his conversion, he performed four apostolic
journeys from that city, before he was sent a
prisoner to Rome.

11. Some of the principal companions and
assistants of Paul in his labors among the Gentiles,
were Bar'na-bas, Si'las, Tim'o-thy, A-pol'los, Ti'-
tus, and Luke.

12. In his first apostolic journey from Jerusalem,
Paul proceeded by way of Ccss-a-re'a to Tarsus ; ,
thence to Antioch ; and, after spending considera-
ble time here, he returned to Jerusalem, A. D.
44, accompanied by Barnabas, bringing relief to
the suffering Christians in Judea.

13. In his second journey, Paul returned to An-
tioch; thence by Se-leu'ci-a first to SaVa-mis in
Cyprus, then to Paphos, the capital of the island,
where he converted the proconsul Ser'gi-us Pau'-
lus, and struck with blindness the sorcerer El'y-
mas, who attempted to hinder his conversion.

9. To what places did he proceed after his conversion ?

10. How many apostolic journeys did he perform after
this return to Jerusalem ?

11. Who were some of his principal companions and
assistants ?

12. What was his route in his first journey ?

13. What course did he pursue in his second journey,
and what took place at Paphos ?


14. From Paphos he proceeded to Perga;
thence to Antioch in Pisldia; thence to Lys'tra,
where he cured a cripple ; and the people who saw
this miracle, were at first eager to offer sacrifice to
him and his companion Barnabas ; but they after-
wards stoned him, dragged him out of the city, and
left him for dead.

15. From Lystra he proceeded to Der'he;
thence returning again to Lystra, Iconium, Antioch,
and Perga ; thence by way of At-ta-li'a to Anti-
och in Syria : after spending considerable time
here, he, together with Barnabas, went again to
Jerusalem, A. D. 49, in order to consult the
apostles and elders, on the controversy which arose
respecting circumcision and other legal ceremonies.

16. After the council of Jerusalem, Paul com-
menced his third apostolic journey ; returning with
Barnabas to Antioch, he took Silas for a com-
panion, and proceeded to Der'he and Lys'tra, where
he received Timothy as an assistant ; thence through
Phryg'i-a, Ga-la'ti-a, and Mys'i-a, to Tro'as,
where Luke is supposed to have joined him.

17. From Troas he proceeded by Sam-o-thra'-
ci-a and JSfe-ap' o-lis to Phi-lip'pi, where he,
together with Silas, w^as put in prison, but was de-
livered by an earthquake ; and he afterwards con-
verted the jailer and his family.

18. From Philippi, he proceeded to Am-phip'o-

14. To what places did he proceed from Paphos, and
what took place at Lystra ?

15. What was his course afterwards, and on what oc-
casion did he return to Jerusalem ?

16. What was his course in his third journey ?

17. What was his course afterwards, and what took
place at Philippi ?

18. What places did he next visit ?


lis, Ap-ol-lo' ni-a, Thes-sa-lo-ni'ca, Be-re'a, and

19. At Athens, he was brought before the su-
preme couYt of A-7'e-op'a-gus for trial, and before this

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