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" A knowledge of the commonplace, at least, of Oriental literature, philo-
sophy, and religion is as necessary to the general reader of the present day
as an acquaintance with the Latin and Greek classics was a generation or so
ago. Immense strides have been made within the present century in these
branches of learning; Sanskrit has been brought within the range of accurate
philology, and its invaluable ancient literature thoroughly investigated ; the
language and sacred books of the Zoroastrians have been laid bare ; Egyptian,
Assyrian, and other records of the remote past have been deciphered, and a
group of scholars speak of still more recondite Accadian and Hittite monu-
ments ; but the results of all the scholarship that has been devoted to these
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tained for the most part in learned or expensive works, or scattered through-
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THE FOLLOWING WORKS HAVE ALREADY APPEARED:—

Third Edition, post 8vo, cloth, pp. xvi. — 428, price i6s.

ESSAYS ON THE SACRED LANGUAGE, WRITINGS,

AND RELIGION OF THE PARSIS.

By MARTIN HAUG, Ph.D.,

Late of the Universities of Tiibingen, Gottingen, and Bonn ; Superintendent

of Sanskrit Studies, and Professor of Sanskrit in the Pooiia College.

Edited and Enlarged by Dr. E. AY. WEST.

To which is added a Biographical Memoir of the late Dr. HaOG
by Prof. E. P. Evans.

I. History of the Researches into the Sacred Writings and Religion of the

Parsis, from the Earliest Times down to the Present.
II. Languages of the Parsi Scriptures.

III. The Zend-Avesta, or the Scripture of the Parsis.

IV. The Zoroastrian Religion, as to its Origin and Development.

" ' Essays on the Sacred Language, Writings, and Religion of the Parsis.' by the
late Dr. Martin Haug, edited by Dr. E. W. West. The author intended, on his return
from India, to expand tlie materials contained in this work into a comprehensive
account of the Zoio;istrian religion, but the design was frustrated by his untimely
death. We have, however, in a concise and readable form, a history of the researches
into the sacred writings and religion of the Parsis from the earliest times down to
the present — a dissertation on the laniiuages of tl}e Parsi Scriptures, a translation
of the Zend-Avesta, or the Scripture of the Parsis, and a dissertation on the Zoroas-
trian religfion. with especial reference to its origin and development." — Times.



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Post 8vo, clotli, pp. viii. — 176, price 7s. 6d.

TEXTS FROM THE BUDDHIST CANON

COMMONLY KNOWN AS " DHAMMAPADA."

With Accompanyimj Narratives.

Translated from tlie Chinese by S. BEAL, B.A., Professor of Chinese,
University College, London.

The Dlianiniapada, as hitherto known by the Pali Text Edition, as edited
by Fausboll, by Max Miiller's English, and Albrecht Weber's German
translations, consists only of twenty-six chapters or sections, whilst the
Chinese version, or rather recension, as now translated by Mr. Beal, con-
sists of thirty-nine sections. The students of Pali who possess FausboU's
text, or either of the above-named translations, will therefore needs want
Mr. Seal's English rendering of the Chinese version ; the thirteen above-
named additional sections not being accessible to them in any other form ;
for, even if they understand Chinese, the Cliinese original would be un-
obtainable by them.

" Mr. Beal's rendering of tlie Chinese translation is a most valuable aid to the
critical study of the work. It contains authentic texts gathered from ancient
canonical books, and generally connected with some incident iu the history of
Buddha. Their great interest, however, consists iu tlie light which they throw upon
everyday life iu India at the remote period at which they were written, and upon
the method of teaching adopted by tlie founder of the religion. The method
employed was principally parable, and the simplicity of tlie tales and the excellence
of the morals inculcated, as well as the strange hold which they have retained upon
tlie minds of millions of people, make them a very remarkable study."— J'ixits.

" Mr. Beal, by making it accessible in an English dress, has added to the gi-eat ser-
vices he has ah-eady rendered to the comparative study of religious history." — Academy.

•' Valuable as exliibiting the doctrine of the Buddhists in its purest, least adul-
terated form, it brings the modern reader face to face with that simple creed and rule
of conduct which won its way over the minds of myriads, and which is now nominally
professed by 145 millions, wlio have overlaid its austere simplicity with innumerable
ceremonie.s, forgotten its maxims, perverted its teaching, and so inverted its leading
principle that a religion wliose founder denied a God, now worships that founder as
a god himself." — Scotsma7i.



Third Edition, post 8vo, cloth, pp. xxiv. — 360, price los. 6d.

THE HISTORY OF INDIAN LITERATURE.

By ALBRECHT WEBER.

Translated from the Second German Edition by John Mann, M.A., and
Theodou Zachakiae, Ph.D., with the sanction of the Author.

Dr. BiiHLER, Inspector of Schools in India, writes: — " When I was Pro-
fessor of Oriental Languajies in Elphinstone College, I frequently felt the
want of such a work to wliicli I could refer the students."

Professor Coweli., of Cambridge, writes : — "It will be especially useful
to the students in our Indian colleges and universities. I used to long for



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such a Look when I was teaching in Calcutta. Hindu students are intensely
interested in the history of Sanskrit literature, and this volume will sui^ply
them with all they want on the subject."

Professor Whitney, Yale College, Xewhaven, Conn., U.S.A., writes :-
" 1 was one of the class to whom the work was originally given in the form
of academic lectures. At their first appearance they were by far the most
learned and able treatment of their subject ; and with their recent additions
they still maintain decidedly the same rank."

" Is perhaps the most comprehensive and lucid survey of Sanskrit literature
extant The essays contained in the volume were originally delivered as academic
lecture's and at the time of their first publication were acknowledged to be by far
the most learned and able trcatmont of the subject. They have now been brought
up to date by the addition of all the most important results of recent research. —
Ti>iie-<.



Post 8vo, cloth, pp. xii. — 198, accompanied by Two Language
Maps, price 7s. 6d.

A SKETCH OF
THE MODERN LANGUAGES OF THE EAST INDIES.

By ROBERT N. CUST.

The Author has attempted to fill up a vacuum, the inconvenience of
which pressed itself on his notice. Much had been written about the
lau^ua-es of the East Indies, but the extent of our present knowledge had
not°even been brought to a focus. It occurred to him that it might be of
use to others to publish in an arranged form the notes which he had collected
for his own edification.

" Supplies a deficiency which has long been felt.''— Tu/tes. ,.,,.,. ,,

"The book before us is then a valuable contribution to philological science. It

msses under review a vast number of languages, and it gives, or professes to give, ui

^very case the sum and substance of the opinions and judgments of the best-mformed

writers. " — Sat u nla.i/ Reviev:.



Post 8vo, pp. 432, cloth, price 16s.

A CLASSICAL DICTIONARY OF HINDU MYTHOLOGY

AND RELIGION, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, AND

LITERATURE.

By JOHN DOWSON, M.R.A.S.,
Late Professor of Hindustani, Stafif College.

•'This not only forms an indispensable book of reference to students of Indian
literit-n-e but s als,. of great general interest, as it gives m a concise and easily
literatuie oil IS I. b | ^nown about the personages of Hindu mythology

whrs'na^nes".-; so 'famlli^^^ whom so littl^ is known outside the limited

'' 'mVis noshgAtllin when such subjects are treated fairly and fully in a moderate
«nace an I we need only add that the few wants which we may hope to see supplied
Tnlvv editions detract lit little from the general excellence of Mr Dowson s wnrV.
^Saturday Review.



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Post 8vo, with View of Mecca, pp. cxii. — 172, cloth, price 9s.

SELECTIONS FROM THE KORAN.

By EDWARD WILLIAM LANE,

Translator of " The Thousand and One Nights ; " &c., &c.

A New Edition, Revised and Enlarged, with an Introduction by
Stanley Lane Poole.

"... Has been lon:^ esteemed in this country as the compilation of one of the
greatest Arabic scholars of the time, the late Mr. Lane, the well-known translator of
the ' Arabian Nights. ' . . . Tlie present editor has enhanced the value of his
relative's work by divesting the text of a great deal of extraneous matter introduced
by way of comment, and prefixing an introduction." — Times.

" Mr. Poole is both a generous and a learned biogr.ipher. . . . Mr. Poole tells u.*
the facts ... so far as it is possible for industry and criticism to ascertain them,
and for literary skill to present them in a condensed and readable iovm."— English-
viaii, Calcutta.



Post 8vo, pp. vi.— 368, cloth, price 14s.

MODERN INDIA AND THE INDIANS,
BEING A SERIES OF IMPRESSIONS, NOTES, AND ESSAYS.

By MONIER WILLIAMS, D.C.L.,

Hon. LL.D. of the University of Calcutta, Tlon. Member of the Bombay Asiatic
Society, Boden Professor of Sanskrit in the University of Oxford.

Fifth Edition, revised and augmented hy considerable Additions,
with Illustrations and a Map.

" In this volutne we have the thoughtful impressions of a thoughtful man on some-
of the most important questions connected witli our Indian Empire. ... An en-
lightened observant man. travelling among an enlightened observant people, Professor
Monier Williams has brought before the public in a pleasant form more of the manners
and customs of the Queen's Indian subjects than we ever remember to have seen in
any one work. He not only deserves the thanks of every Englishman for this able
contribution to the study of Jlodern India— a subject with which we should be
specially familiar— but he deserves the thanks of every Indian, Parsee or Hindu,
Buddhist and Moslem, for hia clear exiX)sition of their manners, their creeds, and
their necessities." — I'iines.



Post 8vo, pp. .\liv. — 376. cloth, price 14s.

METRICAL TRANSLATIONS FROM SANSKRIT

WRITERS.

With an Introduction, many Prose Versions, and Parallel Passages from

Classical Authors.

By J. MUIR, CLE., D.C.L., LL.D., Ph.D.

"... An agreeable introduction to Hindu poetry." — Times.

"... A volume which may be taken as a fair illustration alike of the religious-
and moral sentiments and of the legendary lore of the best Sanskrit writers. "-
Edinburgh Daily Review.



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Second Edition, post 8vo, pj). xxvi. — 244, cloth, price los. 6d.

THE GULISTAN;

Or, rose garden OF SHEKH MUSHLIU'D-DIN SADI OF SHIRAZ.

Translated for the First Time into Prose and Verse, with an Introductory
Preface, and a Life of the Author, from the Atish Kadah,

By EDWARD B. EASTWICK, C.B., M.A., F.R.S., M.R.A.S.

" It is a very fair reiideiiug of the original." — Times.

" The new edition has long been desired, and will be welcomed by all who take
any interest in Oriental poetry. The Gulistan is a typical Persian verse-book of the
highest order. Mr. Eastwick's rhymed triinslation . . . has long estabUshed itself in
a secure position as the best version of Sadi's finest wor'k.."— Academy.

" It is both faithfully and gracefully executed." — Tablet



In Two Volumes, post 8vo, pp. viii. — 408 and viii. — 348, cloth, price 283.

MISCELLANEOUS ESSAYS RELATING TO INDIAN

SUBJECTS.

By BRIAN HOUGHTON HODGSON, Esq., F.R.S.,

Late of the Bengal Civil Service ; Corresponding Member of the Institute ; Chevalier
of the Legion of Honour ; late British Minister at tiie Court of Nepal, &c. , &c.

CONTENTS OF VOL. /.

Section 1. — On the Kocch, Bodo, and Dhinial Tribes. — Part I. Vocabulary. —
Part II. Grammar. — Part III. Their Origin, Location, Numbers, Creed, Customs,
Character, and Condition, with a General Description of the Climate they dwell in.
— Appendix.

Section II. — On Himalayan Ethnology. — I. Comparative Vocabulary of the Lan-
guages of the Broken Tribes of N^pal. — II. Vocabulary of the Dialects of the Kiranti
Language. — III. Grammatical Analysis of the Viiyu Language. The Vayu Grammur.
—IV. Analysis of the Bdhing Dialect of the Kiranti Language. The Bdhing Gram-
mar.— V. On the Vayu or Hayu Tribe of tlie Central Himaldya.— VI. On tlie Kiranti
Tribe of the Central Himalaya.

CONTENTS OF VOL. IL

Section III. — On the Aborigines of North-Eastern India. Comparative Vocabulary
of the Tibetan, B6d6, and Garo Tongues.

Section IV. — Aborigines of the North-Easteni Frontier.

Section V. — Aborigines of the Eastern Frontier.

Section VI. — The Indo-Chinese Borderers, and their connection with the Hima-
layans and Tibetans. Comparative Vocabulary of Indo-Chinese Borderers in Arakan.
Comparative Vocabulary of Indo-Chinese Borderers in Tenasserim.

Section VII. — The Mongolian Affinities of the Caucasians.— Comparison and Ana
lysis of Caucasian and Moneolian Words.

Section VIII.— Physical Type of Tibetans.

Section IX.— The Aborigines of Central India. — Comparative Vocabulary of the
Aboriginal Languages of Central India. — Aborigines of the Eastern Ghats.- Vocabu-
lary of some of the Dialects of the Hill and Wandering Tribes in the Northeni Sircars
—Aborigines of the Nilgiris, with Remarks on their AflBnities. — Supplement to the
Nilgirian Vocabularies.— The Aborigines of Southern India and Ceylon.



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MISCELLANEOUS ESSAYS RELATING TO INDIAN SUBJECTS-

continued.



Section X. — Route of Nepalese Jlission to Pekin, with Remarks on the Wafei-
Shed and Phiteau of Tibet.

Section XI. — Route from Katliniandv'i, the Capital of Nepal, to Darjeeling in
Sikim. — Memorandum relative to the Seven Cosis of Nepal.

Section XII. — Some Accounts of the Systems of Law and Police as recogni.^^ed in
the State of Nepal.

Section XIII. — The Native Method of making the Paper denominated Hindustan,
Nepal e.se.

Section XIV.— Pre-eminence of the Vernaculars ; or, the Anglicists Answered ;
Being Letters on the Education of the People of India.

" For the study of the less-known races of India Mr. Brian Hodgson's 'Miscellane-
ous Essays ' will be found very valuable both to the philologist and the ethnologist."



New and Revised Edition. Post 8vo, pp. xxiv. — 420, cloth, price i8s.

CHINESE BUDDHISM.

A VOLUME OF SKETCHES, HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL.

By J. EDKINS, D.D.

Author of " China's Place in Philology," "Religion in China," kc, &c.

"It contains a vast deal of important information on the subject, such as is only
to be gained by long-continued studj' on the spot." — Atlierunim.

" Upon the whole, we know of no work comparable to it for the extent of its
original research, and the simplicity with which this complicated system of philo-
sophy, relision, literature, and ritual is set forth." — Srilish Quarterlti Kerieic.

" The whole volume is reiilete with learning. ... It deserves most careful study
from all interested in the history of the religions of the world, and expressly of those
who are concerned in the propagation of Christianity. Dr. Edkins notices in terms
of just condemnation the exaggerated praise bestowed upon Buddhism liy recent
English writers. " — Record.



Post 8vo, 1st Series, los. 6d. ; 2nd Series, with 6 Maps, 21s. ; 3rd Series,
with Portrait, 21s. ; cloth.

LINGUISTIC AND ORIENTAL ESSAYS.

Written from the Year 1846 to 1890.

By ROBERT NEEDHAM OUST,

Late Member of Her Majesty's Indian Civil Service ; Hon. Secretary to

the Royal Asiatic Society ;

and Author of " The Modern Languages of the East Indies."

" We know none who lias described Indian life, especially the life of the natives,
with so much learning, .sympathy, and literary talent." — Academy.

" They seem to us to be full of suggestive .and original remarks. " — St. James's Gazette.

" His book contains a vast amount of information. The result of thirty-five years
of inquiry, reflection, and speculation, and that on subjects as full of fascination as
of food for thought." — Tablet.

" Exhibit such a thorough acquaintance with the hi.story and aniiquities of India
as to entitle him to speak as one having authority." — Edintnirgh Vailp Rerierr.

" The author speaks with the authority of personal experience It is this

constant association with the covmtry and the people which gives such a vividness
to many of the pages." — Athenceum.



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Post 8vo, pp. civ.— 348, clotb, price i8s.

BUDDHIST BIRTH STORIES; or, Jataka Tales.

Tlie Oldest Collection of Folk-lore Extaut :

BEING THE J ATAK ATTHA VANX AN A,

For the first time Edited in the oiigiual Pali.

By V. FAUSBOLL ;
And Translated by T. W. Rhys Davids.

Translation. Volume I.

"These aio tales supposed to have been told by the Buddha of what he liad seen
and heard in his previous births. They are probably the nearest representatives
of the original Aryan stories from which sprang the I'olk-lore of lun-ope as well as
India. Tue introduction contains a most interesting disquisition on the migrations
of tliese fables, tracing their reayipearance in the various groups of folk-lore legends.
Among other old friends, we meet with a version of the .Judgment of Solomon." — I'ivies.

" It is now some years since Mr. Rhys Davids asserted his right to be heard on
this siibject by his able article on Buddhism in the new edition of the ' Encyclopsedia
Britannica. ' " — Leeds Mercury.

" All who are interested in Buddlnst literature ought to feel deeply indebted to
.Mr. llhys Davids. His well-established reputation as a Pali scholar is a sufficient
guarantee for the fidelity of his version, and the style of his translations is deserving
of high praise." — Academy.

" No more competent expositor of Buddhism could be found than Jlr. lihys Davids.
In the Jataka book we have, then, a priceless record of the earliest imaginative
literature of our race ; and ... it presents to ns a nearly complete picture of the
social life and customs and popular beliefs of the common people ot Aryan tribes,
closely related to ourselves, just as they were passing through the first stages of
civilisation." — Si. James's Gazette.



Post Svo, pp. xxviii. — 362, cloth, price 14s.

A TALMUDIC MISCELLANY;

Or, a thousand AND ONE EXTRACTS FROM THE TALMUD
THE MIDRASHIM, AND THE KABBALAH.

Compiled and Translated by PAUL ISAAC HERSHON^
Author of " Genesis According to the Talmud," &c.

With Notes and Copious Indexes.

" To obtain in so concise and handy a form as this volume a general idea of the
Talmud is a boon to Christians at least."— Times.

" Its peculiar and popidar character will make it attractive to general readers.
Mr Hershon is a very competent scholar. . . . Contains samples of the good, bad,
and indifferent, and especially extracts that throw light upon the Scriptures."
British Quarterly Review.

" Will convey to English readers a more complete and truthful notion of the
Talmud than any other work that has yet appeared."— Oaii?/ News.

" Without oveVlooking in the slightest the several attractions of tlie previous
volumes of the ' Oriental Series," we have no hesitation in saying that this surpasses
them all in interest."— Edinburgh Daily Reviezc.

" Mr. Hershon has . . . thvis given English readers what is, we believe, a fair set
of specimens which they can test for themselves."— 27ie Record.

" This book is bv f.ar the best fitted in the present state of knowledge to enable the



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general reader to gain a fair and vmbiassed conception of the multifarious contents
of the wonderful miscellany which can only be truly understood— so Jewish pride
asserts— by the life-long devotion of scholars of the Chosen People. '—Inquirer.

" The value and importance of this volume consist in the fact that scarcely a single
extract is given in its pages but throws some light, direct or refracted, upon those
Scriptures which are the common heritage of Jew and Christian alike."— /oAii Bull.

" It is a capital specimen of Hebrew scholarship ; a monument, of learned, loving,
light-giving labour." — Jeioish Herald.



Post 8vo. pp. xii. — 164, cloth, price los. 6*1.

THE HISTORY OF ESARHADDON (Son of Sennacherib),
KING OF ASSYRIA, B.C. 681-668.

Translated from the Cuneiform Inscriptions upon Cylinders and Tablets in
the British Museum Collection ; together with a Grammatical Analysis
of each Word, Explanations of the Ideographs by Extracts from the
Bi-Lingual Syllabaries, and List of Eponyms, &c.

By E. a. WALLIS BUDGE, M.A., Litt.D., D.Lit.,
Keeper of the Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities in the British Museum.

" Students of scriptural archaeology will also appreciate the ' History of Esar-
haddon.' " — Times.

" There is much to attract the scholar in this vohnne. It does not pretend to
popularise studies which are yet in their infancy. Its primary object is to translate,
but it does not assume to be more than tentative, and it offers both to the professed
Assyriologist and to the ordinary non-Assyriological Semitic scholar the means of
controlling its results.'' — Academij.

"Mr. Budge's book is, of course, mainly addressed to Assyrian scholars and
students. They .are not, it is to be feared, a very numerous class. But the more
thanks are due to him on that account for the way in which he has acquitted liimself
;in his labc>i'io\is task." — Tablet.



Post 8vo, pp. 448, cloth, price 21s.

THE MESNEVI

(Usually known as The Mesneviyi Sherif, or Holy Mesnevi)

OF

MEVLANA (OUR LORD) JELALU 'D-DIN MUHAMMED ER-RUMI.

Book the First.

Together with some Account of the Life and Acts of the Author,
of his Ancestors, and of his Descendants.

Illustrated by a Selection of Characteristic Anecdotes, as Collected

by their Historian,

Mevlana Shemsu-'D-Din Ahmed, el Eflaki, el 'Arifi.

Translated, and the Poetry Versified, in English,
By JAMES W. REDHOUSE, M.R.A. S., &c.

" A complete treasiiry of occult Oriental love."— S(tt^|.rdop Review.

" This book will be "a very valuable help to the reader ignorant of Persia, wlio is
desirous of obtaining an insight into a very important department of the literature
extant in that language."— Tai/ct.



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Post 8vo, pp. viii. — 266, cloth, price 9s.

LINGUISTIC ESSAYS.

By carl ABEL.

" An eutiiely novel method of de:iling witli philosophical questions and impart a
real human interest to the otherwise dry technicalities of the science." — Standard.

" Dr. Abel is an opponent from whom it is pleasant to differ, for lie writes with
enthusiasm and temper, and his mastery over the English hmguage fits him to be a
champion of unpopular doctrines." — AtJienceum.



Post 8vo, j)p. ix. — 281, clotli, price los. 6d.

THE SARVA - DARSANA - SAMGRAHA ;

Ok, review of THE DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF HINDU

PHILOSOPHY.

P,V MADHAVA ACHARYA.

Translated by E. B. COWELL, M. A., Professor of Sanskrit in the University

of Cambridge, and A. E. GOUGH, M.A., Professor of Philosophy

in the Presidency College, Calcutta.

This work is an interesting specimen of Hindu critical ability. The
author successively passes in review the sixteen philosophical systems
current in the fourteenth century in the South of India ; and he gives what
appears to him to be their most important tenets.

" The translation is trustworthy tliroiighout. A protracted sojourn in India,
where there is a living traWitiim, has familiarised the translitors with Indian
thought." — Atlienceum.



Post 8vo, pp. Ixv. — 368, cloth, price 14s.

TIBETAN TALES DERIVED FROM INDIAN SOURCES.

Translated from the Tibetan of the K.\h-Gyur.

Bv F. ANTON VON SCHIEFNER.

Done into English from the German, with an Introduction,



Online LibraryJoseph EdkinsChinese Buddhism: a volume of sketches, historical, descriptive, and critical → online text (page 1 of 41)