Joseph Jérôme Le Français de Lalande.

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GEMU8 OF UI¥I¥Eil8AL EMAMCIPATIOIV.



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No. 3. Vol. II. Third Series.] JUIjY, 1831. [Whole Number 267. Vol. XII.



.A..VOT1IK!; ClIAXCK !

Tho patrons of tliR Geiiins of Universal
Eni:tncipatiou will recollect it was announced,
at the commencement of the present volume,
that a gentleman had engaucd to assist in con-
ducting it, for the space of a few months, while
the editor expected to be from home. After a
brief trial, he concluded that he could not re-
concile himself to the state of thinj^s at Wash-
ington, and has since retired from the editorial
management of the work.

Several fruitless efforts having been hereto-
fore made (o procure the requisite assistance,
as aforesaid, the editor now takes upon him-
self, again, the whole responsibility of the pub-
lication. The I-adies' departmetit, however,
will still be principally under the direction of
the amiable and powerful female writer, whose
charming literary effusions and cogent ar"-ii-
inents have hitherto given it so much interest,
among readers of every class and denomination.

It has long been the ardent desire of the ed-
itor to devote a portion of his time to other
matters, connected with (he great and impor-
tant subject of African Emancipation:— but he
legxets— exceed ingli/ regrets— to find, that tin
other man can occupy the editorial desk of
such an establishment, for any considerable
length of time, in the Southern portion of our
country. Is this a libel upon their courage, o,
their phi lanthropij? Let them prove it! One
there is however who will labor unceasingly in
the sacred cause, alone or etherwisc, with what ef-
fect he may, though persecution, with fiery eye,
shall stalk on the one hand, and apathy, with

chillingscowl,sit frovruingoB the other.— i^i(/«,s
et Audax.

P.VTROXVGE OF TIHS WORK, &C.
It is Cheering to perceive that, in many parts
of the Union, an increasing disposition is mani^
festcd to aid in circulating this work, among the
friends ot our cause. About tioo hundred and
fifty new subscriptions have been received
within little more than two months. Yet it is,
on the other hand, extremely discouraging to
reflect, that a large number of former su'bscHb-
ers, who continue to receive the paper, fail to
pay up the respective sums due from them.—
It would seem that they have no idea that a
primer requires wherewithal to purahase "food



and raiment," nor to pay for materials and la-
bor in the prosecution of his business! The
amount due this establishment is now large, and
much wanted; but it is mortifying in the ex-
treme to be under the necessity of thus public-
ly adverting to the subject. To those who will
reflect, for a moment, surely the hint should
be sufficient. OCf^Current Bank paper, in any
part of the Union, may be forwarded, by mail,
at the risk of the editor — the postage being paid.

"the FOUKTII op JULY.''
The Fifty-fifth Anniversary!— and here we
are, as deeply sunken in hypocrisy and crime
as ever!! What will the neighboring nations—
what will posterity think of us? What, indeed,
shall we think of ourselves, when we reflect, for
a tnoment ?

Fifty-five times, we have vaingloriously
paraded before the world, with our ostentatious
display of liberal and virtuous professions-
taunting foreign nations for their despotic regu-
lations, while we were, ourselves, far more des-
potic than many of them— indulging in bachan-
alian carousals, and chanting pans to "Liber-
ty," while we hold, with iron gripe, a large
portion of our fellow men in the mogt out-
rageous, unredeemable BONDAGE ever
known on earth ! ! !

But we will not dwell upon this scandalous,
criminal topic. In the language of the great
modern Irish patriot, Daniel O'Connell, we say
of the American, who mtbh\?.\ung\y advocates
the horrible system of African slavery— nay,
even him w^o boasts of our freedom and equal-
ity, without raising his voice against this abo-
minable practice: "Before God and Man, wo
arraign him as a hypocrite." With the light of
the present age— with the knowledge (perfectly
within his reach) of the means by which this
monstrous system of oppression may be annihi-
lated, without danger or inconvenience- if he
tolerates, or even neglects to use his influence
to eradicate it,— in the view of Heaven and
Earth, "-he is u-ithout excuse." He will be
without excuse, in the estimation of the wise
and the virtuous, now and forever. Are we
"severe"? Nothing else than severity and
plain dealing will rouse our countrymen from
the stupor of lifeless apathy into which the great



34



GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION,



Fiat Justitia Kiiat C\i liirii.



mass of iheia have have Jlilku.

We coucluile, w ilh copying the following
Bolemu poetic strain from the -'Liberator."
Lei it be dteply pondered by e%ery American.
It was written by the euli-htened editor of that
work, for this particular occasion.
•'Hai'l down >our country's banner— let its

folds
Pe gathered in, nor float uiwn the breeze.
Our eaijle must not S')ar aloft to day,
Uut close his powerful wings, and stoop his

crest!
Ye "red artillery," your thunders stop!
Quench out the" thousand fues which wildly

blaze
Up to the kindling sky, from field to hill !
his not meet that the sweet trumpet's voice
Should rouse our sluggish blood and nerve our

hearts.
Forbear, ye vaunting, fine-spun, orators —
Ye mincing fools, all fustian, noise, and rant-
To wound our ears with sickening rhapsodies!
Be hushed the general sliout— let sadness brood
Over the land, "and joy disperse its smiles!
For Liberty lies prostrate in the dust,
"With hair dishevelled, and with zone unbound;
Her cheeks are colorless, save when ablush
Of deepest shame doth o'er them fitful steal;
And the deep biilliance of her large fair eyes
Is now extinguished in a flood of grief;
Forhere, in tliis her sanctunry and home,
Hath Slavery boldly raised his iron throne;
And men, like household goods or servile beasts.
Are bought and sold, kidnapped and pirated;
Branded with red hot irons, scourged with

Laden wl'l'. chains that pinch their tender llesh;
Driven in droves e'en by the cupitol;
• Imported from afar, then secretly
Thrown into narrow cells and prisons drear,
1 ill bones and sinews in the market rise.—
And govcran.ent looks tamely on the while.
Nor sheds a liar of generous sympathy.
Nor moves a finger to relieve th' oppressed !

* . • * *

Then haul our stiiped and starry banner down—
Oar cannon freight not— stop llie noisy breath
Of heartler-s I'at.iotism— be our praise unsung,
To'day we'll not discourse of British wrong,
C*f valorous feats in arms by freemen bold.
Nor spit on kings, nor tauntingly call names;
But we will fall upon our bended knees.
And weep in bitterness of heart, and pray
Our God to save us from his threatening wrath;
We will no longer multiply our boasts
Of liberty, till all are truly free."



CONVENTION OF COLORED I'EOPLE.
A second Convention, consisting of delegates
ffom sundry societies of colored people, located
in several diOercnt states, was lately held in
Philadelphia. Their object appears to have
been the adoption of general measures for the
improvement of their condition. Among the
propositions submitted and discussed, the en-
couragerae^it of Canadian emigration, and the
establishment of a College at New Haven,
Connecticut, are considered important. Arthur
Tappan, of New York, liberally offered them
one thousand dollars, in aid of the latter undcr-



tyking; and it is stated that other white persons
will contribute further towards raising the ne-
cessary sum. Twenty thousand dollars, it is
supposed, will be sufficient.

This Convention is intended to be annual;
and its inlhience upon the destinies of the col-
ored inhuLitantsof the United Slates will, doubt-
less, be of an interesting character. The pro-
ceedings of its late session, it is expected, will
soon appear in pamphlet form.

KID.NAl'J'INO IN THE "DISTRICT."
We have a tale or two more to tell upon this,
infernal subject. Would that some of the vic-
tims were irhite! We should, then, witness
the public denunciation, like the re^istles^
Tornado, sweeping before it the slave-prisons
and their keepers— the prowling monsters and
their heartless retinue— until the land were
purged of the abominable pollution. (KJ-More
deeds of darkness will soon be brought to light,
A flagrant outrage is related in the Norfolk
Herald. A free woman and her two childrea
were recently kidnapped by a couple of soul-
sellers, named M'Kenzie and Currie. They
have proceeded southward, with the victims
of their rapacity. Particulars in our next.

FETITIONS TO CONGREiiS.
It is with pleasure that we perceive a grow-
ing disposition, among the people of the United
Slates, to press upon Congress the importance
of abolishing slavery in the District of Colum-
bia. Meetings have befn held, and petitions
prepared, in various places. In the State ct
New Jersey, particularly, many arc now ac-
tively engaged in promoting this very laudable
object. Let our friends, elsewhere, pursue the
same course, and our ultimate success cannot,
for a moment, be doubted.

CANADA COLORED SETTLEMENT.

It is believed that about two thousand color-
ed persons, from the United States, have settlec
in Canada, since the date of the Ohio Persecu-
tlon—movo than have gone to Africa in thir
teen years!

The northern colored people arc more friend
'ly to this plan of removal than any yet i
posed. Their sentiments, generally, are pr.
fairly expressed in the address of the Convci.
tion, published by J. W. Allen, {jiot the sou .
Bishop Allen, as erroneously reported,) an
copied into this work, for April, last.



"the LIBERATOR."

Our friends, Garrison & Knapp, are bee

in"- more and more industrious, l^ey hav

issued an engfaving, with their paper for th



GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIP ATION.

Fiat Justitia Ruat Coclum.



35



23d instant, representing the various sections
of a Brazilian slave ship; and they have also
given us a description of marks and brands,
which adorn the bodies of slaves in that coun-
try. Could they not give us similar samples of
"our own slave trade" &c. now and then? — We
"dare say" they have witnessed, occasionally,
some picturesque scenes, connected therewith.
William L. Garrison has also published, in
pamphlet form, an address which he recently
delivered before several meetings of colored
people. It is strong and well worded, and
replete with useful advice and information. —
Some extracts from it are designed for the next
number of this work.

AMERICAN NATIONAL ANTI-SLAVERY

SOCIETY.'
A project is on foot for the organization of a
society, for the abolition of African slavery,
upon an enlarged and extensive plan. Men of
wealth and influence are about to engage there-
in. Success to it.'

THE LATE EISHOP ALLEN.
We have before adverted to the death of this
worthy African Minister of the Gospel. The
following Elegy, written for- the Genius of
Universal Emancipation, by one of the most
sincere friends of the African race, is a well-
merited tribute to the memory of the virtuous
dead. The demise of this excellent man has
created a void in the society of respectable
colored people, within the United States, that
will be sensibly felt and deeply deplored. Who,
alas ! shall have caught the "mantle" of his
pious influence, since the departing spirit
winged its way to the regions of bliss and im-
mortality?

ELEGY ON THE DEATH OF RICHAUD ALLEN,
BISHOP OF THE AFRICAN METHODIST
CHUUCH, PHILADELPHIA.

A far stretched train of mourners! Who is it
That gocth to the darkness of the tomb,
Wept o'er by such a multitude? Strongmen
Bow down their heads in sorrow, or lift up
Their brows to the clear light with a sad air
Of solemn Ihoughtfulness; and woman's eye
Is dimmed with gathcrinif tears,as with slow step
She follows the departed'. Surely he
Who slumberelh on that bier, hath been beloved;
Surely a good man gocth to the tomb!
And so it is! the breast that lieth there
Unstirred, beneath the foldings of its shroud,
Glow'd with the promptings of a noble heart,
And in its sable mantle wrapt ercwhilc,
A spirit beautiful and glorious, [Heaven.

With love towards men, and strivings after
Well may they weep for him; for he hath been
Their friend, their guide, their pastor, and hath

spent
His manhood in long strivings for their weal.
Still are his counsels thrilling round their hearts;



The echo of his gentle accents yet [thoughts
Seems lingering on their ears; and gath'riug
Come crowding freshly to their memories.
Of all the many times that he hath stood
Beside their bed of sickness, and within
Their houses, when affliction's hand was lain
Heavily on them, or beside the grave
When dust to dust was render'd, and the forms
Of those tliey loved laid down beneath the mould
As his was now to be — andhisdeep voice,
And earnest prayers, came like gentle dew
Upon their troubled spirits, hushing them
Into resigned calmness; he halh bound
Some of them with the holy marriage vow,
And o'er their sinless babes hath shook the dew
Ofbaptisni; and on the babbath day,
He hath stood up and taught them of the things
'Belonging to their peace,' and pour'd for them
The rich, full accents of his fervent prayer.
Oh, keep his counsels living in your hearts,
Ve, over whom his yearning love gush'd out.
Like a deep springing fountain! Call to mind
Tile lessons that he taught you, how he strove
To elevate your minds, and make you fair
In intellectual lustre, and the light
Of moral loveliness; and still press on
With tireless step, along the mounting path
He pointed out to you, that you may win.
Like him, a glorious guerdon for your toil.
And when the weary day of life is o'er,
A sabbath rest eternally. e.

PRODUCTIONS OF SLAVE LABOR ! ! !

The readersof the Genius of Universal Eman-
cipation will recollect that the sixth number of
the eleventh volume was accompanied by an.
engraving, representing a broken finger,
which was found in a cup of coffee, on a cer-
tain morning, in the city of Baltimore.

By a late number of the Liberator, -ye are in-
formed that a gentleman in Bristol, Connecti-
cut, recently purchased a hogshead of molasses,
in which he found THE BODY OF A CO-
LORED MAN!!!

The same paper also states that a Human
Head was taken from a hogshead of Molasses,
on one oAhe wharves in the city of Boston, a
few years since !

IfFAIES IN HAYTI.
Very few of the French residents have yet
left the island. The commotio!) is subsiding.

"OuTR.\GE." \_Which xide?}
It appears, from a statement in a late New-
Jersey paper, that a par+y of colored people,,
supposed to be slaves, from "Virginia, were about
landing near Cape May; but it being discover-
ed that a boat was in pursuit of them, a. party-
was formed on sliore, and went to assist in their
apprehension. One of this party, in order to
intimidate the blacks, fired a gun; which was.
returned by a volley from the latter, killing one
man, and piercing the hat of another with a
ball. Finding the slaves were strongly armed,
the pursuers abandoned the chase, and let them
go on. There were 11 or 12 in number, and



36



GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.



Fiat JiHtitin Ruat rceliim.



they bent their course towards New ^'nrk.

This was a raelaiuholy occurrenco: but what
right hud the party from shore to make reprisals
on the colored people, w ithout Ici^al authority,
or without even a know ledge of their chara( ter?
And, further, what can we expect from them
but violence, when their oppressor:> shut out
the light of knowledge from their minds, teach-
ing ihem nothing, save the doctrines of blood-
bought liberty, through the medium o( their
4th of July celebrations, and numberless mili-
tary harangues?

PRIZE KSSiAY.
The following is the essay to which was
awarded the premium of Fifty Dollars, offered
some months sin>e, by the Pennsylvania Socie-
ty for promotiiig the Abolition of Slavery. —
The merit of originating it is due to Ebenczer
Dole, of Hallowell, Maine; whose natuial be-
ne\olence, added to h's full conviction of the
great moral evil of slavery, induced him to
pla.e in the hands of the Treasurer of that In-
stitution the sum aforesaid, to be paid to the
Tvriter of the best essay on the following sub-
ject: "The duty of Ministers and Churches,
of all denominations, to avoid thcstain of Slavery,
and to make the holding of slaves a barrier to
Communion and Church membership." A
committee of three members was appointed by
the Society, to examine the essays produced;
and after deciding upon their merits, the fol-
lowing, written by Evan Lewis, of Philadel-
phia, was pronounced tlve best, and, according-
ly, entitled to the premium. The Society also
ordered its publication in pamphlet form. The
author has long been extensively known as an
enlightened and zealous advocate of L^niversal
Emancipation; has done much in his day tow-
ards p'ouioliiig the good cause; and his produc-
tion will be read with unusual interest.

The rule which the editor of this work had
adopted, to exclude long articles from its col-
umns, has been deviated from in the present
case. Part of this essay was intended for the
last number, but was omitted in the absence of
the editor. Its intrinsic value will, however,
"well repay for the want of variety, occasioned
by its insertion.

AN ADDRESS TO CHRISTI.^NS, OF ALL DkE-
KOMI.NATIO.NS, ON THE I N(ONSISTE\C V
OF AD.MITTI.VG SL AV E-HOLUERS TO CO.M-
MCNIO.N AND CHURCH MEMBERSHIP.

"He thai Ftpaleth a man. and sclletli liirii, er if he be
f«)un'l in his hand, he shall surely be pat to ueath."' — Ei-
oilus xxi. Hi.

•■I know that the I.finl will maintain the cause of the
afflicted, and the richt of tlie |Xior— Psalms cli. 12.

TuE state of slavery in the United States is
so totally at variance with the genius of our
free institutions, and so repugnant to the spirit
and design oftlie chriitiau religiou, that no-



thing but habit atid a long familiarity w ith the
corrupt system, coul^' reconcile republicans to
its existence. Its toleration, in this country,
presents so broad a contrast between prrfession
and practice, that wise and good men behold
the example with grief and astonishment.

When about to enter on the examiiistion of
the question of sla\ery, for the purpose of ex-
hibiting its inconsistency with the precepts of
the christian ri-ligion, the following questions
are naturally sugjrested: — What is the conrlilion
itiiplied by the word .s/aiTri/, in this connexion?
What is the nature and character of that sys-
ten> which we are about to examine?

"A'egro Slavery. What term was ever more
familiar to the public ear, an.! yet what term is
so little understood? It has been the theme of
manv eloqupnt public speeches, of many parlia-
mentary debates, and of muvh controversy, at
different periods, in pamphlets and periodical
prints. Vet, were a mind new to the subject to
inquire, what is specifically aiid practically that
state of man, about which so much has been
said and written: what istliat slavery which ex-
ists in the United States and the West Indies, I
know not in which of the many able argu-
ments before the public, an adequate answer
would be found "*

There is. perhaps, no word in the English
language which has been used more imlefinitely,
or applied more variously, than that of slavery.
It has been applied to evil disjbilities. and to
mental degra(lalion. The republican considers
all those who are subjects of despotic govern-
ments, in a state of slavery. The Christian mo-
ralist applies the same appellation tc' the con-
trolling influence of the passions, to 'he sub-
jeets ofperni'ious habits and sinful propensities,
while the historian adopts the same term to des-
ignate the kind of servitude that existed among
the nations ofantiqtiity, which difi'L red as wide-
ly from the slavery to which our attention is
now directed, as the civil condition of the peo-
ple of the United Sta'cs docs from that of the
subjects of the Russian emjiire

To define it accurately, or to give an ade-
quate idea of the precise condition implied by
the word in the present essay, will not be so easy
as might be supposed. Vet some attenipt to
portr.iy, in its genuine colours, and distinctive
features, the state of negro slavery in this coun-
try, seenis necessary to a right estimate of the
merits of the question to be disLUSsed.

"Negro slavery, as existing in the United
States and Rriti->h West Indies, appears to be a
creature sui i^tneris, unknown to the ancients;
and, thoush drawn from the least cultivated
quarter of the globe, unkiiown even there, ex-
cept in a passing state."! It is a system that
finds no counterpart in the annals of the most
barbarous nations on earth. In many of its
features it is more arbitrary, more oppressive,
more rruel and degrading, than the servitude
found among the ancients. Slavery in the
I'nited States and the West Indies, is the same
in its general features and character; and the
observations that apply to the one, will be in
most, cases, equally applicable to the other.

"The leading idea in the negro system of ju-
risprudence, (in the West Indies,) is that which
was first in the minds of those most interested in
its formation; namely, that negroes were pro-
prrty. They were not regarded as rational or
sentient beings, capable of rights; but as chat-



•Btephen. tAfrican Obistfer.



GENIUS OE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.



37



Fiat Jnslitia Ruat CcElum.



tels, the civil ch.iracter of whifh was abssoibod
in the tioiuiuioti of the owner."*

•'Slavery was introduced and established in
the tolonies in a inanner v ry ditt'erent tVoiu
that which is commonly supposed. It was not
there orisiui^Hy derived from, n.n- is it yet ex-
press y sanctioned or defined by , any positiv<
law>; — it Stan Is, forthe most part, on the authuri-
ty of custom alone.

" This custom, thou


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