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are not disposed to dissemble, that we have conceived from this admirable Essay a
high idea of Sir Philip's talents. It is a masterly exposition of the subject.''
Southern Review.

** If ever there was a work more than most others calculated to delight and benefit
general readers, and at the same time less than most others known and appreciated
by them, it is Sir Philip Sidney's * Defence of Poesy.' It is, perhaps, the most
beautifully written prose composition of the Elizabethan age, impregnated with the
very soul and spirit of poetry, and abounding with the richest adornmenU of fancy.
There is nothing equal to it in the whole circle of critical exposition -, nothing which
is at once so judicious, yet so poetical ; so inimitable, yet so easy. It is iuelf a
living exemplification of the highest excellence of the art it treats of." — Retrospect
ttoe Reoieu),



'* Sir Thomas Browne ennobles and consecrates every thing he touches. He makes
us feel that magnitude is not essential to veucrableuess, for in his works, things which
before appeared insignificant, impress us with an awful grandeur. He requires not a
vast or gigantic object to stir and afiect him. lie perceives the liigh attributes of
the smallest things — ^ the antiquity and the consecration which ihcy share with the
mightiest — and renders an urn or a pyramid equal, to the mind. His power, like
that of deatb, levels distinctions 5 for be looks into the souls of things, instead of
contemplating merely their external forms." — Retroapective Review.

** I wonder and admire his entireness in eveiy subject that is before him. He
follows it, he never wanders from it, and he has no occasion to wander ; for whatever
happens to be the subject, he metamorphoses all nature into it. 'In the treatise on some
urns dug up in Norfolk, how earthy, how redolent of graves and sepulchres is every
line ! You have now dark mould, now a thigh bone, now a skull, then a bit of a
mouldered coffin, a fragment of an old tombstone with moss in its * Hie Jacet,' a
ghost, or a winding-sheet, or the echo of a funeral psalm waAed on a November
wind ; and the gayest thing you shall meet with shall be a silver nail or a gilt * Anno
Domini,' from a perished coffin«top." — Jeremy Taylor,

** But to come back to our Physician ; truly, my lord, I must needs pay him, as a
due, the acknowledging his pious discourses to be excellent and pathetical ones,
containing worthy motives to incite one to virtue, and to deter one from vice }
thereby to gain heaven, and to avoid hell. Assuredly he is owner of a solid head,
and of a strong, generous heart." — Sir Kenelm Digby,

THE ANNALS OP AMERICA, from the Discovery by Columbus, in
the Year 1492, to the year 1826. By Abiel Holmes, D. D. 2d Ed.

" This new edition of the .\merican Annals, with such improvements as the author
has introduced into it, we consider among the most valuable productions of the Amer-
ican press. The work gained high favor on its first publication. It was reprinted
in England, and was not less approved by the learned and judicious in that country,
than in this." — North American Review,

Digitized by


Books Lately Published hy HiUiard 4* Broym.





By Thomas Nuttall, A. M., F. L. S., 6lc.

The Land Birds.

By J. RowBOTHAM. First American Edition, with Alterations and
Additions, by F. M. J. Suraui^t, Teacher of French in Harvard


The present Grammar has been selected from many in use both in England and
this country, and prepared to meet the wants of such young persons as are studying
French in our schools and colleges. The grammars most frequently used in such
institutions, it may be safely said, have been found very imperfectly 6tted for those
to whom they were given ; — L^vizac's, for instance, being crowded with philosophi-
cal and metaphysicd discussions, which are embarrassing in themselves, and have
little or no practical value; and Wanostrocht's being confused, awkward, and ill-
arranged. The merits, which led to the selection of the present work for the stu-
dents of Harvard College, are its clearness, simplicity, and accuracy ; its excellent
divisions and disposition ; and its practical character throughout. The separation of
the Accidence from the Syntax ; the shortness and plainness of the rules ; the abun-
dance and aptness of the examples ; the clear manner in which the verbs, and espe-
cially the irregular verbs, are cxhibiied ; the large amount of the exercises, with their
obvious application 3 and the direct tendency of the whole to produce a habit of
speaking the language, will, it Is believed, recommend it for general use before any
one now given to the same class of pupils.


Addressed to those who are seeking to lead a Religious Life. By

Henry Ware, jun., Professor of Eloquence and the Pastoral Core

in Harvard University. Sixth Edition.

" It is one of the most difficult offices of the teachers of religion to make interesting
and forcible its simplest and most frequently repeated instructions ; or, as an Apostle
expresses it, ^ to make manifestation of the truth.' He that does this, is wise to win
souls. It is done, we think, with great felicity in this little book ; and for the success,
with which we hope it may be followed, we heartily commend it the ble$si.ig of God,
and to the hearts of all for whom it may be designed.'' — Chrittian Examiner for
July, 1831.

** This is, in no sense, a polemical work ; it enters into no discussion of doctrinal
points, but assuming that those for whom it is intended are disciples of Christ by pro-
fession, and strive to be so in practice, it sets forth, in a series of well arranged and
well connected arguments, the motives for, and the means of, religious improvement.
No one reading these chapters in the spirit and purpose in which they seem to be
written, can fail, we should think, to be edified by their eaniest and eloquent admo>
aitions and suggestions.'' — New York American.

*' This a very good practical book. It comes to the point at once. There is
nothing metaphysical or unintelligible about it. It is common sense, and strong
seose throughout.*' — Cincinnati American,

Digitized by


Books Lately Published by Hilliard if Brown.

The complete WORKS op DUGALD STUART. 7 vols.


This is the only complete edition of the works of this celebrated writer which has
appeared either in this country or in Europe.

Vol. 1. Philosophy of the Human Mind.
Vol. a. Do, Do.

Vol. 8. Do. Do.

Vol. 4. Philosophical Essays.
Vol. 5. Philosophy of the Active and Moral Powers.
Vol. 6. History of Metaphysical, Ethical, and Political Philosophy, since the

Revival of Letters in Europe.
Vol. 7. Life and Writiugs of Adam Smith, LL. D.

Life and Writings of William Robertson, D. D.
Life and Writings of Thomas Reid, D. D., F. R. S.
Tracts respecting the Election of Mr. Leslie to the Professorship of
Mathematics in the University of Edinburgh.
*' In the writings of this excellent man I find the perspicuity of Dr. Reid, thf
acoteness of Adam Smith, and the precision of David Hiune.'*' — Dr, Parr. Notes
to Spital Sermon,


This new edition of Paley is printed from the one recently published in London,
which was edited by his son, and which sells in this country at 020, in l>oards.

This last mentioned edition is, on account of its price, extremely rare, so that the
Cambridge edition may be regarded as ihe only complete one accessible to an Amer-
ican purchaser. Its very moderate price places it within the means of every reader.


Vol. I.

Vol. 2.

VoL 3.

Vol. 4.

Vol. 6.

Vol. 6.

Life of Dr. Paley, by G. W. Meadley.

Natural Theology.

Evidences of Christianity.


Moral and Political Philosophy.

Horse Paulinee.

The Young Christian Instructed.

Clergyman's Companion.

Sermons on Public Occasions.

Sermons on Several Subjects.

College Lectures — Speech on the Slave Trade, &c. &c.

Sermons and Charts.

(This last volume, containing 70 Sermons, and 8 Charges to the Clergy of the

Diocese of Carlisle, is not contained in any other edition of his works as republished

in this country.)

from AusIId's Chironomia ; adapted to the use of Students, and ar-
ranged according to the method of Instruction in Harvard University.
By JoRATHAif Barber, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons,

CAL BOTANY. By Thomas Nuttall, A. M., F. L. S., &c.,
Lecturer on Botany and Zoology, and Curator of the Botanic Garden
connected with Harvard University, Combridge. Second edition.

Digitized by


Works in Press^ — HiUiard 4* Brown.


Story, LL. D., Dane Professor of Law in Harvard University.

author's advertisement.
" This work was prepared by the author, in the dischargee of his duties as Dane
Professor of Law in Harvard University. Ii is a systematic treatise upon the whole
law of Bailments, comprising the law of Deposits, of Mandates, of Gratuitons Loans,
of Pawns and Pledges, of Letting to Hire, and of Carriage for Hire. Under the last
head, Uiere is a full exposition of the rights and duties of Common Carriers by land
and water, of Coach Proprietors, and of Pnssenger Packet Ships. Each subject
forms a distinct and independent treatise. The whole of the Roman Civil Law and
the law of the principal States of Continental Eurepe« upon the same subject, is also
presented in the text, as well where tliey differ from, as «<-here they agree with
the Common Law ; so that each fonns a perpetual commcniary illustrative of the
other. The substance of all the beautiful treatises of Poihier and Domal on the
same topics is iucorpoiated ; so as in a great measure, if not altogether, to supersede
ihe necessity of consulting the originals. The Scottish Law, as it stands in the
works of Erskine and Bell, and the modern Law of France in the Napoleon Code,
arc brought under review, and thus will supply to the American Law- Student a
r(*ady means of comparing the principles and practice of most of the commercial
nations in the present times.'*

and Andrew P. Peabody, Members of the Senior Class in the Di-
vinity School in Harvard University.

'' At the request of the gentlemen who have executed this translation, I very readily
state, that I am acquainted with no work which throws more light on the character
and interpretation of language, than tlie first volume of Lc Clerc's * Ars Critica.'
Cambridge, 10 Nov. 183L ANDREWS NORTON."

** I regard Lc Clerc's * Ars Critica' as a work of the first importance to biblical
students. 1 have also examined a part of the translation, which api>ears to me to be
very faithfully executed.

Harvard UmversUy, 10 Nov. 1831. J. G. PALFREY."

[Extract from a Letter of Professor Stuart.]

** Gentlemen, — It ia a considerable number of years since I have read Le Clerc's
* Ars Critica.' Rut I am well acquaints 1 with the character, and with some of the
writings of this author. 1 do not adopt, as you know, all his theological views ; but
as a rhetorician and master of the great principles of in .erpretation, 1 consider him as
a writer of the very first rank, and well deserving the attentive study of every man,
who intends to acquire an extcnsiive knowledge of the theory of language and inter-
prctation. Possibly, on reviewing his book, I might find some things with which I
could not agree ; but this does not hinder niy commending the merits of it in general,
which have so strongly impressed themselves u[>on my mind. 1 shall rejoice to see
the book in an EngliAh dres i, and in an acceptable form for critical readers. I wish
success, therefore, lo your labors with a View to its publication, and hope that it will
be forth-coming from the press. It is impossible that those who may differ from Le
Clerc in his theoloig> , should not respect his talents and acquisitions, and prize the
privilege of enjoying access to his views ; particularly those on the subject of Ian-
guage and interpretation.

Your friend and obedient servant,

Andover, 7 Nov. 1831. MOSES STUART."


cal Index, on the Plan recommended by Locke. 4to.

Digitized by



The Editor of the American Monthly Review had consult-
ed a few friends before the proposals for the work were issued,
who agreed with him in opinion, that a review, according to
the plan proposed, was desirable. He has been highly gratified
since, by the full approbation of his plan expressed by a num-
ber of literary gentlemen. This approbation was the more grat-
ifying, because it came unasked for, and proceeded from those
whose opinion could not be regarded with indifference by the
Editor. He has been still further encouraged in his undertak-
ing by the generous cooperation of several gentlemen, who sus-
tain a prominent rank among the literary and scientific men of
this vicinity, and who have contributed, or promised to con-
tribute, to the work now commenced. It will always be the
Editor's endeavour to procure the literary materials of the work
from those, to whom the subjects of the books reviewed are
familiar. While a less onerous labor will thus be sought for
from the learned, who are exposed to so many urgent calls, the
judgment pronounced from them will also be intrinsically valu-
able and deserving of confidence.

The plan originally proposed, of giving short accounts of the
contents of books, and a fair estimate of their merits, without
going at much length into the discussion of subjects, will con-
tinue to be pursued, as it is for the most part in the present
number. Some subjects, however, from their novelty, or recent
revival, or from being particularly interesting at the present
time, may occasionally be treated at much greater length than
others, and sometimes, it may be, when the reason is not very
obvious. The length of the different articles will probably con-
tinue to be nearly as various as in the present number. The
.length, however, will not, it is presumed, be considered by the
reader, as a test of the worth of any production in the opinion

• Digitized by



of the reviewers. To mention one example, among others, in the
present number ; the merits of Kater's and Lardner's Mechanics,
a work contained in the American Library of Useful Knowledge,
are weighed by a very few sound words from one who is not
only competent to do this, but who, on such a subject, could not
mistake. It was thought unnecessary to pursue the subject in
detail ; and hence it is despatched in half a page. But again,
there are subjects, like those adverted to above, such, for in-
stance, as the history of one of our oldest colleges, which de-
mand much more space.

Our periodical publications in this part of the country have
sometimes been complained of at a distance, as being of too
local a character. It is a complaint from which the editor of
this work and his coadjutors cannot expect wholly to escape ;
but so far as books published at a distance shall be seasonably
procured, attention to them will not be postponed through any
favoritism or local preference of the editor.

Though the business of sole editor of a periodical work is
new to the conductor of this Review, yet he has not been a
mere looker-on. He has contributed his share, humble, it
may be, in kind, though not in amount, to a great part of the
most important publications of this class, in his neighbourhood,
for more than five and twenty years. lie has enlisted in some
of them when they were young and laboring for existence ; and
has been gladdened when any of them came to a vigorous
growth, and successful career, and rewarded the anxiety and
toils of those who afforded them nutriment and succour. With
such experience he cannot be ignorant of the difficulties of his
undertaking ; while at the same time it is impossible for him to
distrust, since he has scarcely ever had reason so to do, the
generosity of men of letters and science, or to doubt the increas-
ing sympathy of the public at large in well-directed, and even
well-intended literary efforts.

The Editor.

Cambridge, 1st January j 1832.

Digitized by




JANUARY, 1832.

Art. I. — 1. Annals of Tale College , in New Haven, Con-
necticut, from its t^oundation, to the Year 1831 ; with
an Appendix, containing Statistical Tables, and exhib-
iting the Present Condition of the Institution. By Eben-
£ZER Baldwin. New Haven. Hezekiah Howe. 1831.
8vo. pp. 324.

2. An Address delivered at New Haven before the Phi
Beta Kappa Society. September 13, 1831. By James
Kent. New Haven. Hezekiah Howe. 1831. 8vo. pp.48.

The history of our literary mstitutions is to a considerable
extent the history of our country. It embraces an interest-
ing portion of the lives of most of our distinguished men in
church and in state ; a period when the powers of the mind
are pliant, and may be moulded by wise exertion to future
valuable purposes. The pupils go forth prepared in part to
sustain the duties of professional and active life, under the
influences of the institution from which they proceed, and to
reflect back upon the place of their education the character
and distinction of riper years. The quality of instruction is
a measure of the general intelligence and refinement of the
community ; for no seminary of learning can be sustained,
that lags in the rear of an improved condition of science and
literature in the public around. Hence the higher institu-
tions, in their aegregation of learned men, and the means
and appliances of knowledge, form an important part of the
great whole, and become of indispensable and incalculable
value to the progress of national welfare and national char-
acter. They embrace the aspiring of every rank and condi-
tion in life, and lend all their aids in advancing the individual
in sound and wholesome learning.

VOL. I. NO. I. 1

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2 Annah of Yale Colhge. [Jan.

With these views of the importance of literary institutions,
we take pleasure in nolicing every attempt to sketch their
history in our own country, and to ex^tend more widely a
knowledge of their circumstances, wants, and benefits. We
feel confident that every endeavour of the kind will show that
our colleges are deserving of the greatest public and individ-
ual patronage, and will manifest that though a liberal spirit
has done much for them, their wants are in general still
great and urgent, in order to prepare ripe and good scholars
to sustain and advance the improvements of the age.

We have read with much interest the unpretending volume
of Mr. Baldwin, in which he has given to the public the
annals of Yale College from its foundation to the present
period ; and we wish to furnish our readers with as full a
summary of the work as our limits will permit. The author's
principal authorities, in addition to his own faithful researches,
are Pesident Clap's History of the College, published in
1766 ; the writings of Presidents Stiles and Dwight ; Trum^-
bull's History of Connecticut, and Douglass' Political and
Historical Summary.

So early as the year 1652, a project of a college to be
established at New Haven was formed by several of the
clergy in that Colony, '^ chiefly in reference to the interests
of the church." But the General Court thought New Haven
an unfit place, because it had '^ no comfortable subsistence
for the present inhabitants there," and were adverse to the
plan itself, on account of the poverty of the Colony, unless
they could obtain the aid of Connecticut, which was then
and until the reign of Charles the Second, a distinct govern-

The subject was not again agitated till the year 1700,
when some of the ^^ ministerial associations and councils "
voted to establish a college, and selected ten of their number
as trustees. But so limited were their views at this time,
arising perhaps naturally enough from the circumstance, that
at that period there were scarcely any educated men out of
the clerical order, that they proposed to erect the institution
'^ by a general synod of the consociated churches " mingling
in the elections of the officers to preserve orthodoxy, requir*-
ing of them a confession of faith, and naming the College
« The School of the Church."

The mode of founding the College was in character with

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less.] AnnaU of Tale College, 8

the simple manner of proceedins belonging to the age.
" Each member," says President Clap, " brought a number
of books and presented them to the body ; and layine tbem
on the table said these words, < I give these books for the
founding a college in this Colony.' Then the Trustees took
possession of them, and confided them to the care of the
Rev. Mr. Russell, of Branford, as librarian." The library
which consisted of forty folios, was kept at Branford three
years, and was then removed to Killingworth.

Thus far the association was entirely voluntary, and its
prospect of continuance uncertain. In order, however, that
It might be placed on a surer foundation^ the Trustees ob^
tained from the Assembly, October 9, 1701, a formal charter
which had been drawn up at their request by Judge Sewall
and Secretary Isaac Addington of Boston. The Trustees
met at Saybrook the following month, when they chose the
Rev. Abraham Pierson of Killineworth, Rector of the Col-
lege, and adopted various regulations, among which was one
requiring the students to recite memoriter the Assembly's
Catechism in Latin, and Ames's Theological Theses. Say-*
brook was designated as the seat of the institution, where
the first Commencement was held, September 13, llO^
Bm the Rector remained at Killingworth till his death, in
1707, and there instructed the students. Saybrook proved
tn inconvenient spot for the College, and it made but slow
progress under the management of a temporary non-resident
Rector, till it was removed to New Haven, in 1716. Two
years after this, in consequence of a liberal donation made
by Elibu Yale, of Liondon, a native of New Haven ^ and
Oovemor of the East India Company, the Trustees named
the institution Yale College.

The change of place immediately proved auspicious to
the interests of the College. The number of students in*
creased to nearly forty; and in 1719, the Rev. Timothy
Cutler, of Stratford, was chosen Resident Rector. Under
his care affairs went on prosperously for several yaars, and
until a change of his religious opinions in favor of the doc-*
trine and discipline of the Church of England rendered his
resignation necessary. Episcopacy at this period in Con-
necticut was in as bad odor as the doctrine of Antipedo-
baptism was in the preceding century in Massachusetts Bay,
when the excellent President Dunster, who was deeply

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4 Annals of Tale College. [Jan.

tinctured vdth this doctrine, gave up the charge of Harvard
University ; or as the Antinomian and Familistical notions of
Mrs. Hutchinson and Sir Henry Vane, that proved so offen-
sive to good Mr. Cotton and the other leading men in the
latter Colony. To guard against future defections of the
like nature, the Trustees passed a vote requiring all future
officers of the College to declare their assent to the confei'
non of faith called the Sajrbrook Platform, and to si^ify
their opposition to Arminianism and Prelatical corrupttom.

Dr. Cutler was a native of Charlestown, Massachusetts,
and a graduate of Harvard College m 1701. After resigning
the office of Rector of Yale College, he took Church orders in
England, and was subsequently Rector of Chrbt's Church in
Boston. He bore a high reputation for integrity and learning,
and excelled in his knowledge of the Oriental languages and
the classics ; while in the philosophy of the day, in metaphys-
ics and ethics, it would seem he was without a superior.

In 1725, the Rev. EUisha Williams, a native of Hatfield,
Massachusetts, a graduate of Harvard College in 1711, and
minister of Wethersfield in Connecticut, was chosen his suc-

Online LibraryJoseph Lyon MillerAmerican monthly review → online text (page 2 of 54)