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these helps and others, Professor Gibbs has been enabled to
improve the definitions of many words, both by extending
them, and by rendering them more exact. This may be
seen especially in regard to the use of the prepositions, a
department of Hebrew lexicography, which has, till lately,
received less attention than its importance deserves.



Art. XV. — An Appeal to the People of the United
States. By A Freeholder. Boston. Hilliard, Gray,
Little, & Wilkins. 1832. 8vo. pp. 88.

The author of this Appeal, after some introductory re-
marks on political integrity and honor, which deserve to be
deeply pondered, vindicates the claims of those American
citizens who suflFered from French spoliations previous to the
treaty between France and. the United States (which was
fully ratified in December, 1801,) upon the government of the
United States, for complete indemnity, principal and interest.
The reasoning is grounded on the facts, that the French gov-
ernment was ready to recognise these claims, if the govern-
ment of the United States would stipulate a full and entire

* In perusing the work we have met with a few nii9priiit8, such as
Ssfl^j^ insteM of ^m^^ihsj and Samaritans instead of Sarmatians.



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1882.] Fenehn'i Education of Davghters. 251

recognition of former treaties, such a stipulation, or a new
treaty, being tlie alternative insisted on by France ; and that
the government of the United States, having by a new treaty
abandoned the claims of its citizens on France, is in duty
bound to indemnify them. The validity of these claims it
appears has been acknowledged at different times by com-
mittees of Congress ; but obstacles have been placed in the
way of any favorable result to the sufferers. This appeal
displays much learning upon the law of nations ; contains
a great deal of information concerning the political relations
between France and the United States, and the negotiations
that took place previously to the treaty of 1800, 1801 ; and
addresses itself with great earnestness to that sense of justice
and honor, which is to be looked for in citizens of an enlight-
ened country.



Art. XVI. — A Treatise on the Education of Daughters.
Translated from the French of Fenelon, Archbishop of
Cambray. Boston. Perkins & Marvin. 1831. 18mo.
pp. 182.

The name of Fenelon is a good passport to a work per-
taining to moral and intellectual culture ; and there is little
reason to doubt that what he wrote on Education has been

Eretty thoroughly studied and used by English authors since
is time. The greater part of this Treatise is alike applica-
ble to both sexes, and contains little to which a Protestant
can object,* and little that is inapplicable to our republican
institutions and manners. It displays the author's indulgent
temper, mingled with his conscientious adherence to good
and wholesome disciplinary rules and maxims ; and imparts
highly valuable lessons, with a few exceptions which some
would choose to make, for the assistance of parents and
guardians in their responsible relations to the tender objects
of their care. This translation, which we have not compared
with the original, generally reads very well as an English
book.

* ''Those passages in the original, which, from their reference to
doctrines ana cerenoonies pecubar to the church of Roipe, would be,
to many readers, either unintelligible or productive of erroneous im-
pressions, are here omitted." Jmnslatm^s MvertisemitU.



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258 Mr8. Stith on Female Euucaiion. [March,



Art. X VIL — Lecture on Scientific Education^ delivered
before the Members of the Franklin Institute. By
James R. Leib, A. M. Philadelphia. Clark & Raser.
1831. 8vo. pp. 16.

Mb. Leib adverts to the division of Education into Physi-
cal, Moral, and Intellectual, but confines his discourse chiefly
to the last, and particularly to what is termed scientific edu-
tion. This is one among similar addresses before Institutes
or Lyceums, calculated to draw more general attention, than
ean be expected from long and elaborate treatises, to the im-
portance of intellectual improvement.



Art. XVIII. — Thoughts on Female Education. By Mrs.
TowNSHEND Stith. Philadelphia. Clark & Raser.
1831. 8vo. pp. 31.

At the close of this publication, in which the author ap-
peals most affectionately to the best principles and feelings
of her sex, as subsidiary to the cultivation of the understand-
ing and the heart, she says with a modesty and distrust, be-
coming indeed, but not called for by her readers ; '^ Go forth

— my little tribute ! I cast thee now like bread upon the

waters ! Shouldst thou meet with one, amid the crowd,.

of kindred temper with my own, — to such bear my greeting

— and receive my welcome ! *'

Such a tribute, intended to redeem any portion of our
female community from neglect or abuse in regard to the
privileges of education, cannot fail to be welcomed ; especially
when the means are pointed out for correcting past mistakes,
and acquiring more just and elevated views of what belongs
to the character of females as intellectual beings. This is
done with great good sense and in an engaging manner by
Mrs. Stith, who treats the subject of female education under
the following heads : '^ 1. In reference to individual happi-
ness. 2. The use and value of the higher kinds of education
to woman, in her relations to that small and particular cir-
cle — of family and friends — with whom her life is intimately
connected. 3. Its influence upon the tone of society at
^'S^y-^^OQ human improvement and civilization/'



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188S.] Books for Otildren and Youth. 669

These " Thoughts " contain a very sound basis for a trea-
tise on female education, which might be rnade attractive by
such fullness of illustration, as the author's knowledge and
observation would readily furnish. Her style has not indeed
always the ease and gracefulness of one much practised in
writing ; although like her thoughts it is neither feeble nor
overstrained, but often commendable for its beauty and
strength.



Art. XIX. — Sketch of Adjutant General Sumner's Ad*
dress to the Charlestown Artillery Company^ vpon
Delivering their Field-Pieces, November 23, 1831.
Charlestown. William W. Wheildon. 1832. 8vo.
pp. 23.

This Address, besides what belonged directly to the occa-
sion upon which it was delivered, comprises a spirited defence
of 'a well regulated Militia System and a well trained militia,
by the principal arguments, authorities, and illustrations,
which ban be brought to bear upon the subject.



Art. XX. — 1. Words of Truth. By the Author of « The
Well-spent Hour," and <^ The Warning." Cambridge.
1832. 18mo. pp. 249.

"Words of Truth," — a very good title, and follow-
ed by very good " words," — the better because designed for
children and young persons ; to which class of readers we
apprehend that truth is not only a much more wholesome
nutriment than fiction, but, until corrupted by habit, much
more acceptable ; — truth, we mean, in the sense of the title-
page, — truth of thought, ofsentiment, of opinion, of principle,
rather than merely of external fact. It is thus that this vol-
ume is made up ; the form is sometimes that of parable and
tale, but the substance and soul is exact truth. There is
none of the false sentiment, the erroneous judgment concern-
ing character, principle, and duty, the exaggerated coloring
of life and manners and, human prospects, which falsify and
debase the common romance, and we are sorry to add, ren-
der worthless and enervating so many of the little works



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S60 Books for Children and Tovih. [March,

written for the improvement of the young. Even in this
thoughtful day, when the true theory of education is so much
studied and talked about, how many of the works designed
for children, — written too by very well meaning people, —
are nothing but small novels^ grown-up romances in minia-
ture. We rank them with baby balls and boys' parties, in
which the evils of mature life and artificial society are made
to come down to the innocent and pure, and torment them
before their time. If we could ever advocate a censorship
of the press, it would be for the purpose of preventing the
publication of such trash. It should be abolished by the
same act which should prohibit the sale of ardent spirits.
We would allow no traffic but in " things true, honest, lovely,
pure, and of good report." Under such an act, the author
of the ** Well-spent Hour " could have no cause to fear.
There is nothing on her pages but what is true and healthful,
tending to inipart and sustain a high tone of moral sentiment,
to build the character on elevated principle, and to raise up
for us sons and daughters who shall adorn and bless society.
And when we can add to this, that her writings have also
been found to be among the most attractive of the class, we
need not say how desirable we think it, that her little book
should be read, and that she should write more.

2. Days of Childhood, By the Author of " Sophia Mor-
ton," &c. Boston. L. C. Bowles and B. H. Greene.
1832. pp. 121.

3. The Trials of a School-Girl By the Author of " Days
of Childhood," &c. Boston. L. C. Bowles and B. H.
Greene. 1832. pp. 134.

The first of these little books is intended for children
learning to read. We have seldom seen any book of the
kind which we should prefer to put into their hands. They
will find very easy and very pleasant reading in it. After
going through the book, in search of faults, we can find noth-
ing to object to, except the play upon the word " box," on
page 13, and the unfavorable notice taken of a dog, on page
9, and of the Italian, on page 116. We think no encour-
agement should be given to young Americans, to make puns,
to be afraid of dogs, or to dislike Italians. This we say as
grave reviewers. Children are generally the best critics of



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1833.] Books for Children and Youth. 261

books designed for them; and could the question on the
merits of " Days of Childhood " be brought before a jury of
^^ twelve infants good and true," we venture to affirm that
the verdict would be favorable.

We love to read well-written books for children ; there
are few of Maria Edgeworth's works from which we have
derived more pleasure than from those intended for the
young ; and we feel no shame in confessing, that we have
read ^' The Trials of a School-Girl" with interest and plea-
sure. We recommend it to our young readers, as a good '
story, with a good moral, if they will but look for it. The
author makes her girls talk and act like school-girls : — no
small merit, we must allow, if we recollect how often (to
borrow Goldsmith's illustration) we are forced to hear " little
fishes talk like whales."

We hope to see more, and larger books of th« kind, from
the same pen. Could not the author tell us a story of the
" Trials'of a School-5oy 1 " We can assure her from sad ex-
perience, that they have no imaginary existence.

4. Hie Chiles Instructery or Lessons on Common Things.
By S. R. Hall. Andover. Flagg & Gould. 1832.
18mo. pp. 140.

This little book is divided mto Three Parts, consisting of
questions and answers. The First Part contains Easy Lies-
sons in Arithmetic, upon the Inductive System. We very
much question the author's judgment in the preliminary
questions and answers, the object of which is to bring out the
child's preference and decision in favor of study rather than
idleness or amusement. Now every one knows how uncer-
tain it is whether the child will be in a proper mood at any
given time to do this with sincerity. Is it not much better,
therefore, to watch the opportunity for this, when the child
feels satisfied and pleased with what he has accomplished,
rather than incur the danger of making him seem to be
pleased with what he dislikes, and of saying he is fond of
study, because the master expects him to say so.

The Second Part ranges all over the physical world. It
aims to accomplish a vast deal too much, and therefore ac-
complishes very little. In Zoology, for instance, the author
might for the most part, have placed in succession the names

VOL. I. NO. III. 34



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fi6S Books for Children and Youth. [March, 1833.

merely of the animalsy leaving it to the teacher and child to
find out what they can concerning them, to about as much
purpose as he has given the pitiful accounts which are con-
tained in his book; in which there is next ta nothing of
the habits of the animals, which afford the most important
and entertaining information to children. Indeed, we can
perceive very little use in such kind of teaching. We have
selected Zoology merely as an example. There is an answer
to one question inserted in this part, which to us is very
offensive, and ought not to be found there without a good
deal of explanation. — " What animal destroys most others ?
— Man takes the life of both stronger and weaker animals.
Hence the poet calls him, ^ Of half that live the butcher,
and the tomb.' '' The answer to the following question is
quite too rhetorical for children or men. — ^^ How does the
world appear by the light of history i — Like an ocean kept
in continual commotion by the influence of contrary winds."
We think Mr. Hall himself will smile when the mazed child
stares him in the face with this reply on his lips.

The Third Part of Mr. Hall's book, which is wholly his
own, and which pertains to the nature of human happiness,
the control of the passions, warnings against vices and sins,
and motives for moral and religious purity, is very valuable.
The answers to the questions are expressed with great sim-
plicity ; they bear favorable witness to the author's observa-
tion of the young, and to the influence which he must have
gained over them, as a moral man and an amiable teacher.



NOTE.

Several communicati(Hi were received too late to be inserted in the
present number of the Review. We mention this not to boast of the
txeasures in store for our readers, but merely to assure those who have
famished as with contributions for this work, that their favors have not
been overlooked or neglected.



fiaRATCii IN No. n.
Page 147, line 4, for txptnA read txpani.



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UTERARY INTELLIGENCE.



Not finding mach foreign literaiy intelligence of recent date peculiarly
interesting, we turn our attention in the present number to a subject deserv-
ing notice, at home.



HARVARD UNIVERSITY. — LiBRART. It appears by the Report
of the Presideot of this University to the Overseers in January last, that
the Library consists of forty Hwuiand volumes ; that the building whidi
DOW coDtains it is not sufficiently lar^e to admit of a convenient ar-
rangement of the books, and that by its beinff almost in contact with
another building occupied by students, in which during the greater
part of the year there are more than thirty fires, it is in danger of beinff
consumed. Under these circumstances, he makes an urgent appeu
through the Overseers to the public for relief from the present incon-
veniences and dangers, by provision for another building for tha
. Library, to which the funds of the University are not competent He
does not approach the subject with any apologetical prelude ; nor m
there any occasion for this. The Library, as be maintains, is as traly
jnMie as it can be made. Its loss would be irreparable. There is no
process by which it could be computed. Soon after this Report a
petition based upon the same reasons, was presented by the President
and Fellows of the College to the Senate and House of Representa^
tives of Massachusetts for a grant sufficient to erect a suitable and
secure building for the Library. This petition was committed in each
board, and a report very honorable to the committee was soon brought
before the Senate, with a resolve, granting to the College five thou-
sand dollars a year in semi-annual payments for eight successive years.
This resolve is indefinitely postponed by a vote in the House of Rep-
resentatives ; but though the grant therein reported will not be voted
by that body during the present session of the General Court, we can-
not believe that it will long be withheld by the government of our
enlightened Commonwealth.

Books in the Librart relating to American Histort, Groora-
PBT, and Statistics, together with Maps and Charts. On this sub-
ject we take the words of the above mentioned Report of the Senate's
Committee.

*' The American department was rich and curious, from books col-
lected between the time when the Library was burnt, in 1764 and
1817; but in 1817 it received a great addition. The Hon. Israel
Tbomdike, in that year, gave a collection of books, which the weU
known Professor Ebeling, of Hamburg, had been nearly half a cen-
tmy in collecting in all {wrts of Europe, and which amounted to above



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264 Literary Intelligence. [March, 1832.

3,200 volumes. It related entirely to American History, Geogfaphy,
and Statistics, and was the most valuable collection on those subjects,
in the world. In 1823, its value was much increased bv another im-
portant addition, the gift of Samuel A. Eliot, Esq. of above 1,200
volumes, exclusivelv on the same subjects, which had been carefully
collecting during above twenty years at Paris, by Mr. D. B. Warden,
formerly our Consul General in France. And finallv, in 1830, the
College, through the Hon. Francis C. Gray, one of the Corporation,
then in London, were enabled to select from a rare and curious libnuy
of works relating to America, which had been collecting for about
fifteen years, in Spain, France, and England, by Mr. Obadiab Rich,
more than 400 volumes, not yet in the possession of the College. This
last addition makes the department relating to America, consist of
between six and seven thousand volumes, and leaves hardly a book or
pamphlet to be desired. If this department, the most important that
can exist in an American Library, were lost, it could never be le-
placed ; for it is not only unequalled in the number of volumes and
their value, but it contains many important works, not elsewhere to
be found, either in Europe or America, and has besides been brought
together by a concurrence of liberal benefactors and fortunate circum-
stances, which can never be expected to recur again.

^'The Department of Maps and Charts is nearly the same. Mr.
Brandos, a distinguished civilian of the Electorate of Hanover, began,
nearly a century ago, a collection of Atlases, Maps, and Charts, which
he continued to increase through his life, at a great expense of money
and labor. On his death, it was bought by Professor Ebeling, who
nearly doubled it both in numbers and value ; so that on his death, in
1817, it amounted to above 11,000 Maps and Charts, and was superior
to any collection in the world. It was bought by Mr. Thomdike, and
given to Harvard College, and the whole collection now exceeds
13,000, leaving very little to be desired in what relates to the Ameri*
can Continent"



Mn. Waruen, whose former collection of books, &c., pertaining to
this Continent is mentioned in tbe above public document, as purchased
by Mr. Eliot, and presented to the University in 1823, has recently
published a Catalogue of a collection since made, entitled ^ Bibliotbeca
Americana, being a Choice Collection of Books relating to North
America and the West Indies ; including Voyages to the Southern
Hemisphere, Maps, Engravings, and Medals. Paris. 1831. 8vo.
pp. 140.

This is a Chronological Catalogue of about a thousand works, and a
hundred and thirty maps, charts, and plans illustrating tl e history of
America, which are offered to the public for sale. Although the Library
of the University is peculiarly rich in works on America, the industry
of Mr. Warden has included, m this, his second collection, many works,
particularly of a recent date, that are not yet to be found in its Cata*
logne.



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LIST OF BOOKS PUBLISHED AND IN PRESS,

FOR FEBRUARY, 1832.



Carey S^ Lea, Philadelphia,

Robert of Paris and Castle DaDgerous, being the last of the Tales of My
Landlord. By Sir Walter Scott. 3 vols. 12ino.

A General view of the Progress of Ethical Philosophy, chiefly during the
17th and 18th Centuries. By Sir James Mackintosh. 8vo.

In Press.

Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. 9.

American Quarterly Review, for March 1832.

jR. H. Small, Philadelphia.
In Press.
An Analytical Digested Index to the Common Law Reports from the Time of
Henry the Third to the Cominencenient of ihe Reign of George the Third. By
Thomas Coventry and Samuel Hughes, Esqs.

Nicklin 4* Johnson, Philadelphia.
In Press.
Wentworth on Executors. From the 14th London edition ; with Notes by
Jeremy, and American Notes and References by E. D. Ingraham.

Key, Meilke, ^ Biddle, Philadelphia.

In Press.

BIchaf s General Anatomy. Translated from the Paris edition of 1881
2 vols. 8vo.

Carey ^ Hart, Philadelphia.
In Press.

A Catechism of Facts respecting the Nature, Cure, and Prevention of the
Cholera. By A. Grenville, M. D., F. R^S., &c. l8mo.

A Practical Compendium of Midwifery. By Robert Gooch, M. D.

A Treatise on the Diseases of Women. By Robert Gooch, M. D. First
American from the Fifth London edition. 8vo.

Rights of Industry. Being No. III. of the Working-Man's Companion.
18roo.

Whispers to a New Married Pair. By a Widowed Wife. l8mo.

College Evenings. 18mo.

H. H. Porter, Philadelphia.
Manual of Anatomy. By J. F. Meckel. Translated from the German into
French by A. J. L. Jourdan and G. Breschet, and translated hito Ensrlish from
the Franch by A. Sidney Doane. YoL 1. 8vo.



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266 List of New Books, for February. [Maieh,

Accoimtof flie Ori|i^, Symptonu, •ndCareoftfaelnflueDia. 870.
The Visions of Quevedo. 18mo.

J, 4* J' Harper^ New York.
The Smufjrglera. From the London edition. 2 vols. 12mo.
Palestine, or the Holy Xjand. By the Rev. Michael Russell, LL. D. No. 27
of the Family Library.

E, Bliss, New York.
Poems. By William Callen Bryant. Edited by Himself. 12iiio.

S. Wood 4- Son, New York.
In Press.
A Treatise on Pathological Anatomy. Bv G. AndraL Translated from the
French, by Richard Townsend and William West. 8vo.

Hezehiah Howe, Neto Haven.

A Manual Hebrew and English Lexicon ; including Biblical Chaldee. I>e-
signed particularly for Beginners. By Jo^ah W. Gibbs, A. M., Professor of
Sacred Literature in the Theological School in f ale College. Second Edition,
revised and enlarged. 8vo.

M. Tullii Ciceronis ad Quintum Fratrem Dialogi Tres de Oratore, cum Ex-
cerptis ex Notis Variorum. 12mo.

In Press,

An Introduction to Natural Philosophy, designed as a Text-Book for the Use
of the Students in Yale College. Compiled from Various Authorities, by Deni-
0On Olmsted, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. Vol. 2. 8vo.

A Treatiite on Mineralogy, con!«istlng of the First Principles of Che Science,
and an Artiticial Method, or a Series of Analytical Tables for the Determination
of Minerals founded upon the Natural Properties of Form, Hardness, Specific
Gravity, and Lustre. By Charles W. Shepard. Lecturer on Botany in Yale
College. Part I.

Lilly Sp Wait, Boston.

In Press.
Maule and Se1win*s Reports, condensed. Edited by T. Metcalf, Esq.
New Clerk's Magazine.

A Practical Treatise on Breeding, Rearing, and Fattening all kinds of Do-
mestic Poultry. By B. Moubray, Esq.
Library of Travels. To appear in volumes of about 900 pages each.

Hilliard, Gray, Sf Co., Boston.

^ A Treatise on the Law of Private Corporations. By J. K. Angell and Samuel
Ames.

An Introduction to the History of Philosophy. By Victor Cousin. Trans-
lated from the French, by H. G. Linberg.

Lectures before the American Institute. Vol. 2.

Laws of Massachusetts. Vol. 3. Part 2.

Latin Reader. Part 2. With English Notes.

Juvenal and Persius. With English Notes, by Frederick P. Leverett

Legendre's Elements. A new stereotype edition. ' With Questions, and
Three New Plates.

In Press.

Domienn*8 Greek and Engtteh Lexicon.

~ By Bliss HannahT. Gould.



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1832.] List of New Books j for February. 267

Enfield's Philosophy. A new Edition.
Judge Peclc's Trial. 1 vol. royal 8vo.

Ciesar*s Commentaries. With English Notes. A new stereotype edition.
Pickering's Greek and English Lexicon.

A Treatise on the Principles of Pleading in Civil Actions. By James Gould,



Online LibraryJoseph Lyon MillerAmerican monthly review → online text (page 28 of 54)