Joseph Lyon Miller.

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courses now so common on the principles of science and phi-
losophy. To those, and we fear the number is not small,
who have an instinctive dread of the law, as a realm where
darkness ever dwells and hope never comes, such a view
would be especially profitable. It would show, if correctly
displayed, the variety of circumstances and interests over
which the law presides ; the conflicts of rights which it set-
tles, the security to property and life which it confirms. The
reasonable citizen would admire the immensity of the sys-
tem, and see in its faults only what is incident to every thing .
liuman. He would have a wider view of his duties to gov-
ernment, and be able more readily and advantageously to
control his property. He would be more firm and less petu-
lant in the assertion of his rights, when he saw the ground
upon which thev rested ; and for the same reason, he would
be more regardful of the rights of others. If such a knowl-
edge could be generally diffused, contentious suits, in Lord
Bacon's phrase, would be spewed out of the court-room, and
the wise use and application of the law be made easy to the
Judges.



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1833.] SuUivan's Discourse. 339



Art. XIV. — A Discourse delivered before the Boston
Mercantile Association, and Others assembled on their
Invitation, on Tuesday Evening, February 7, 1832. By
William Sullivan. Boston. Carter &; Hendee. 1832.
8vo. pp. 36.

The Society before which this " Discourse " was deliver-
ed was formed several years ago, and is composed principally
of merchants, and of young men who are preparing for trade*
The society has in view the mutual improvement of its mem-
bers by means of lectures and a library, and also the eleva^
tion of the mercantile character, by inculcating the impor*
tance of a knowledge of the principles of business and their
application to practice, by giving countenance and protection
to deserving youth, and sustaining those of their number who,
through the uncertainty of trade, or the conduct of others,
have met with a reverse of fortune, and have preserved an
untarnished name.

It is the design of Mr. Sullivan in this " Discourse " to?
give *^ a familiar application of well-known truths to the
society and to its purposes." It is not, as it was not intend-
ed to be, an elaborate performance ^ but it presei^ts whole-
some views of a practical nature, and forcibly hiculcate&
upon the young the importance of good conduct and pure
morals, not only for the benefit of the example to others, but
also as it regards the individual himself, and his prospects of
immediate and future happiness.



Akt. XV. — Delectus Sententiarum Gracarum, ad usum
Tironum accommodatus ; cum Notulis et Lexico. Editie
Americana Tertia Prioribus Emendatior. Boston. Hil-
liard. Gray, Little, & Wilkins. 1832. 12mo. pp. 103.

This Gttle volume we have always thought well adapted
for the youngest classes in Greek. We are glad to see, by
this new edition, that it retains a place in the public favor.
It is neatly and correctly printed, and will be found a use-
ful and easy introduction to the study of Greek. It has been
too well, and too long known, to need fiuther specification
from us»



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340 Graeter^s German and English Phrases. [April,

Art. XVI. — German and English Phrases and Dialogues^
for the Use of Students in the German Language, Col-
lected by Francis Graeter. Boston. Hilliard, Gray,
Little, &c Wilkins. 1831. 12mo. pp. 216.

A Phrase-Book, containing the most familiar and idiomat-
ical expressions and terms used in conversation, is, next to a
dictionary and a grammar, the most important part of the
apparatus required for the acquisition of a foreign language.
Students of the German language will find in Mr. Graeter's
book a copious and very judicipus collection of terms and
mo.des of expression, which from their constant occurrence
in books, as well as in daily conversation, and from their
idiomatic structure and complexion, leave the learner most
frequently at a loss for an explanation which even the most
copious dictionary will not always, or at least not readily,
supply. Mr. Graeter has taken most of the materials for his
book from Perrin's " English and German Dialogues," and
Lloyd's "Collection of Idioms" ; or rather he has composed
them anew, sifting every part, and augmenting and improv-
ing the whole from his own judgment and experience in
teaching.

The first part consists of exercises on the elements of
grammar ; the second contains familiar dialogues on various
subjects ; the third is a collection of English idioms with a
German translation. Some examples showing the position
of the verb, and a few forms of letters and notes, are added.
Among the Dialogues, that on the study of languages, and of
the German language in particular, contains many excellent,
original, and practical suggestions.

We cordially approve the book, and recommend it to
schools and colleges, as well as to those who may wish to
study the language without the aid of an instructer.

Art. XVII. — The American School Geography, embrac-
ing a General View of Mathematical, Physical, and
Civil Geography ; adapted to the Capacities of Chil-
dren, With an Atlas. By Barnum Field, A. M. Bos-
ton. William Hyde. 1831. 12mo. pp. 152.

We find in the Preface of this " Geography " the follow-
ing remarks : " To describe as many surfaces and climates



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1839.] FUUPs School Geography. 841

as we have States and Territories in our countrj, with the
like exactness on other unimportant matters, will tend but little
to elevate the mind. This exactness we often find required
of the learner, as it regards characteristics and localities of
some of the smallest places, not only in our own country, but
of those in foreign countries. There can be but little ad-
vantage to the ramd in the exercise of acquiring such knowl-
edge, while the information itself is as unimportant as the
mineralogy of the frigid zone."

To say nothing of the style of this, and other portions of
the Preface, we have an objection to the observations here
quoted. Perhaps it is the most difficult thing in early edu-
cation to concentrate the wandering attention of the yet un-
disciplined pupil upon the studies immediately before him ;
but nothing is of more essential advantage in this respect
than the habit of uniform exactness in the minutiae of each
individual performance. All knowledge, too, is valuable;
and the exemplification contained in the last sentence of the
above extract is uncalled for and misplaced. For whatever
the author may think of the ^^ mineralogy of the frigid zone,"
no philosophical man would speak of information on such a
subject as unimportant.

We have examined this ** Geography " carefully, but can-
not perceive the justice of its claims to preeminence. It does
not, of course, pretend to originality. The changes in ar-
rangement are not improvements, and the changes in expres-
sion are frequently for the worse. The language is often
loose and inaccurate, and the definitions sometimes incorrect.
For instance,

'' Government. There are three principal kinds of govern-
ment — Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Democracy. All govern-
ments partake in some degree of these three elementary sys-
tems." p. 20.

What is the monarchical element in a democracy ? What
is the democratical element in an absolute monarchy ? Again,

" Christianitt is the worship of the true Qod, and is con-
tained in the Scriptures." p. 21.

Christianity, considered as a system of doctrines and pre-
cepts, if contained in the Scriptures, but, considered as the
actual worship of God, cannot be.

We have, on page 10, a wood-cut, of which fortunately
for our comprehension, the following explanation is given.

TOL« I. NO. IV. 44



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MS mUrttVs Viwefihe U. States, ff€. [April, 1832.

<< This picttird embraceis some of the most pfominetit namnil
diyisioos and noted animals of the worfd, and also vessels
safiivig upon the ocean/' In the centre of this picture stands
what we take to be an ostrich. Around hifn i» a circle
the diameter of which is about a tenth part of the diameter
of the pietore, which represents a sandj desert. At some
distance from this formidable personage, an elephant is seen
groping bis way in the darkness, about fifty miles shorter
, than the ostrich. The lordly lion has lost his tail beneatk
an ink-'blot. A whale, about half as large as the ostrich,
extending through ten degrees of latitude, appears to be
smeakiiig off, into an onfathomable abyss of ink«

The Atlas is very deficient. It can be of little use to be*
ginners, and of none to proficients.

Art. XVin. — 1. A View of the United St ata, for the
Use of Schools and Families. By the Rev. Hosea
HiLDRETH, Author of Books for " New-Hampshire and
Massachusetts Children." Second edition. Boston.
Carter, Hendee, fc Babcock. 1831. 12mo. pp. 166.

3. An Abridged History of the United States of America.
For the Use of Schools. Intended as a Sequel to HiU
dretVs View of the United States. Boston. Carter,
Hendee, b Babcock. 1831. 12mo. pp. 248.

This « View of the United States," and the preceding
little books mentioned in its title-page, without the com*
monly received arrangement of systems of geography, are
suited to convey much instruction in an engaging manner.
The " View " is a mixture of history and geography, bear-
ing some resemblance to a book of travels ; and as a school -
book is somewhat original, and must, we think, be very
useful.

The " Abridged History " is executed with remarkable
miccess; it having been the author's ''aim to be plain, brief,
and accurate ; and to trace the general course of events with
such clearness of arrangement and sprightliness of style as a
small abridgment would allow." No work, we believe, upon
this subject, and in the same compass, is written in a style at
once so pleasing and so level to the comprehension of youth,
and contains the same amount of historical informatioa so
well selected, arranged, and ooDdensed.



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Note I. JMule on Seboiiian Cabot, — There k one further fact, fiiUy proved
bj the author of Ihe ^ Memok," that should have been mentioned in the le^ew
of the work, and that 1e, that Sebaatian Cabot was a native of England. Bicb*
ard Eden in his Decodes of ihe J>PevD Worlds an old work of Mgh authority,
from which Hakluyt, we are told, borrowed largely widiout acknowledgment,
states expressly, that Sehastian Cabot teas bom in England, and at (he age of
four yeors was carried by his father to Venice f and qfterward returned with
hum to England; which circumsUnoe gave rise to the erroneous statements
mode by many writers that he was bom in Venice. It may he addod» that
Eden was personaHy acquaioted with Sebastian, and derived tlie informatei
from him.

II. In our remarks upon Leverett*s Juvenal and Persim^ we said that fbe
test of his Juvenal is taken from a recent editioB of Ruperti. The text of Per-
siiis is (hat «f Koonig. The editioB of Ruperti and Koenig, which furnished the
tBStofMr.Leveeelfs Juvenal and Pimrsivs, was printed at Glasgow, m 1825.
§mpenB%9 Bkardi Priestley, Londmi. Editors of the ancient Classics should
apprise the public of facts of this kind, vAAch are of some importance, and whioh
cost nothing Jto those who furnish or those who purchase the worics.



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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.



Dahtx. — The following account of the earliest editions of Dante
is occasioned by the accession of a rare copy of his Oommedia to the
Library of Harvard College.

First Comhentart on Dante. — Spira's Edition of Ben-
ten uto DA Imola. The first commentary upon the Commedia of
Dante is said to have been that undertaken by his sons, Pietro and
Giacomo, in the year 1334, thirteen years after the death of the poet.
In 1350, Visconti, Archbishop of Milan, appointed a body of six learned
men, two philosophers, two theologians, and two Florentine literaU, to
compUe a commentary upon Dante ; a work which probably was
executed, but which never was published. In the year 133^ the
Republic of Florence elected Giovanni Boccaccio to read and ex*
plain to his countrymen the Dioina CowMudia, He lectured on the
poem in the church of St. Stephen, but having survived his election
less than two years, he extended his expositions no further than the
17th Canto of the Inferno, This commentary was for the first time
printed at Naples, but dated Florence, 1724. The first complete body
of Notes written upon Dante, therefore, was that of Benvenuio d£ Aom-
hMi da ImoU^ who having, soon after the death of Boccaccio, been
appointed to lecture upon uie Dwtna Ommedia in Boloffna, after ten
years of incessant labor, produced finally, in 1385, a compfete commen-
tary on Dante, full of historical anecdotes, and distinguished for that
learning, which the author had acquired in the course of a long life.
This comment, written in Latin, was first published by Ludovico Anto-
nio Muratori, in the first volume of his Antiquiiaies halteoi MedU JEvi^
in 1738. There existed, however, an Italian translation of it, made by an
anonymous writer, and printed at Venice in 1477 ; five years after the
first edition of the poem, which was published at Foligno, in 1472, by
John Numeister, with the following title : *' La Commedia di Dante Ai-
leghieri, nella quale tracta di pene et ponicioni de vicii et demerit!, et
premii delle virtudi." The Italian translation of the commentary of Ben-
venuto da Imola of 1477, was printed by Vandelin, brother of John, da
Spira, the two German typographers, who in 1469 established the first

Eress in Venice. It is the third edition of Dante in the order of time, and'
as become so rare as not to be found in many public libraries, even of
Italy. A copy of this truly curious work has been lately presented by O.
Rich, Esq., of London, to the Library of Han'ard University. It is in an
excellent state of preservation, and one of the few perfect copies, pro-
bably, now extant It fully corresponds to the description given of
it by Haym. It is a folio volume of three hundred and seventy-two
leaves, printed in two columns, in gothic letters. It is preceded by



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April, 1883.] Literary Biielligenee. 845

fhe life of Dante, written by Boccaccio, wliich occnines tlie fint fifteen
leaves, which, according to Foamien are wanting in most copies ; and
it is followed hj a sonnet in praise or the poet by the same author. It
is without capital letters, which were g^enerally left to be painted, or,
as it was then tBrmedyiUuminaUd; and it has no tiUe-page. The book
closes with the following sonnet descriptive of the edition*

** F inita e lopra delinclito e divo

dante alleghieri fiorentin poeta

la cui anima sancta alberga lieta

nel ciel seren ove sempre il fia vivo
D imola benuenuto mai sia privo

detema fama che sua mansueta

lyra opero comentando il poeta

per cui il texto a noi e inteUectivo
C hristova] Berandi pisaurense detti

opera e facto inde^no correctore

per quanto intese di ^uella i subietti
D e spiera vendelin fu il stampatore

del mille quattro cento e settantasetti

correvan gli anni del nostro Signore."

At the top of the 16th page is found the following Rubric: *^1a
Gommedia di Dante allighieri di Firenze, nella quale tracta di pene et
punimenti de vitii et demeriti, et premii et delle virtudL"

This edition, so much celebrated bv all bibliographers, is geneially
known as ** tho Divina Commedia of Dante with the comment of Ben*
venuto da Imola, bj Vandelin da Spira, Venice, 1477, fol. ; ^tHHon ran
a reehereh^/' (Vide Haynif JBrunet, Ibumter, and Dudos and Cml^
UauJ)



Glossary of Archaic aud FRoviifciAL Words, or a Suvplb-
MXNT to thx Diction ariks or the Enolish LAneuAoi, particulariy
those of Dr. Johnson and Dr. Webster, containing, 1. A Large
Collection of Words, occurring in early English Authors of reputation,
not to be found in the Dictionaries of Dr. Johnson and Dr. Webster,
with Authorities and Illustrations ; 3. Additional Dlustrations of some
Words, which are found in those Dictionaries ; 3. A Large Collection
of Words still used in many Parts of England, though not admitted
into the Dictionaries, — relics of the old Language of the English Na-
tion, with ample Illustrations ; 4. An Introductory Essay on the Origin
and History of the English Language. By the late Rev. Jonathan
. Boucher, A. M. and F. S. A., Vicar of Epsom, in the County of Sur-
rey. To be edited by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, F. S. A.

Mr. Boucher, whose work as above described is proposed to be pub-
lished, was a nadve of that part of England, where exist more remains
of the language anciently spoken by all classes of persons, than in
parts where a refinement, or a supposed refinement, has extended
itself. He was a good classical scholar ; and had an extensive ac-
quaintance with the languages spoken by ruder nations, whence
i^rings so much of our own.



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846 LiUrary bUdUgmet. [April, 1833.

Tbft IKetkmaiy of Hr. Johason was, when Bmieber waff



TM incQODaiT oi ur. jonason was, wnen ismieiier waff preparnq^
hia work, the omy EnfUah Dietionarj which profeaaed to eikibft iksB
wealth of the £iiffUsh tongfve. Mr. Boucher aaw the value of that
DkUiomry, aa *^ a IHctionaiy of the Language, aa spoken and written
by the best speakera, and beat modem whtera.'' But he saw too that it
wanted many words, which were aa fiiiriy eoititled to the appellation of
English, as any of those to which Dr. Johnson had done such ample
justice ; and these words it was his object to collect and illustrate.

When Mr. Boucher's work was adntncing to maturity, he issued
proposals for printing by subscription, in two volumes, 4to., lAngwe
Mnglicana Veteria Tytuimrus^ or n Glossary of the Ancient English
Language. A Specimen of the Work was printed in 1807, under the
care of Sir Frederick Morton Eden, a IHend of Mr. Boucher, and a
contributor to his stores : this consists only of tiie letter A. The value
of this tract has long been known to all, who are curiously inquiring
into the history and structure of our language, or into the manners and
customs of the English nation ; and they concur in the opinion ex-
pressed by Mr. Todd, in the Preface to his edition of Dr. Johnson's
Dictionary, that it abundantly, as well as most learnedly shows, bow
much remains to be done, in order to have a perfisct view of the Eng-
lish language.

The pro^prietcMrs of the English edition of Dr. Webster's Dictionary
entered into a negotiation for the purchase of the MS., designing that
it should appear in the same form as that Dictionary, aad to serve as a
Bupplemeiit to it, and also, as was the intention of the author, as a
Sttpplemeot to the Dictionary of Dr. Johnson. This negotiation has
been aatiefactorily ooocluded, and they now announce the intention of
publishing the work in Paru, the first of which, it is proposed, shall
appear on the first day of February, 1832.

Thv London Catalogue of Books, with their sizes and prices
and publishers. Containing the books ptiblisbed in London, and those
aHeted in sine or price, from the year 1810 to 1831. This is pro-
nounced, in the London MieniBuni, to be a work of more value than
iti name migbt lead the reader to i>e]ieve. It contains a great deal of
information, in a condensed Ibrm, which no one has before seen fit io
cottect, far whieh Litbrajlt Mejt in partioolar are oosstantly at a



N«w Books. — By a paper recently issued in London, containing
lists of New Books and principal Engravings in that city, during the
past year, it appears that the nunA>er of New Books is about 1100,
exclusive of new editions, pamphlets or periodicals, being fifty less
than in the year 1690.

Rammohun Rot. — The following works are expected from this
distinguished Asiatic, as announced in Bent's Literary Gazette for
January. An Esbat on the Rights of Hindoos over Ancestral
Property, accordinfir to the Laws of Bengal. — Remarks on East
India Ar-r airs; wiUi a Dissertation on the Ancient Boundaries of
India, its Civil and Religious Divisions, and Suggestions for the future
Government of the Country.



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LIST OF BOOKS PUBLISHED AND IN PRESS,

FOR MARCH, 1832.



Carey Sf Lea, Philadelphia,

A Manual of Medical Jurisprudence, by Michael Ryan, M. D. 870.

American Quarterly Review for March, 1833.

A Treatiie on Hydrostatics and Pneumatics, by Rev. Dionysius Xardiier,
LL. D. l2mo.

Larrey's Surgical Memoirs, Translated from the French. By John C. Mer-
cer. 8yo.

J, 4* ^' Harper, New York.

The Polish Chiefs, an Historical Novel. 2 vols. 12mo.

Memoirs of the Empress Josephine. 18mo.

The Court and Camp of Bonaparte. iSmo.

Eugene Afam. By the Author of ** Peiharo,*' &c. 2 vols. 12mo.

Protestant Episcopal Press, New York.
Piety without Asceticism, the Protestant Kempis. By Bishop Jebb. 12mo.

William Marshall, Providence.
Nautical Reminiscences, by the Author of ** Mariner's Sketches.*' 12nio.

Richardson, Lord, 4* Holbrook, Boston.

In Pregs,

The Economical Atlas, for the U^e of Families and Yoang Persons ; contain-
ing Thirty- Four Maps, with Various Tables of Population, &c. ; with Engrav-
ings of Costumes, Curiosities, &c.

Lyra Sacra ; consisting of Anthems, Motets, Chants, Sentences, &c., origi-
nal and Selected, most of which are short, easy of performance, and appropriate
to the common and various occasions of Public Worship. By Lowell Mason,
Editor of the Handel and Haydn Society Collection of Church Music.

The Introductory Diiicourse and Lectures deliveied befjre the American
Institute of Instruction in Boston, 1831. With an Essay on the Construction
of School Houses ; with a Plan.

Jh Press.
Bible Illustrations, or a Description of the Manners and Customs of the East,
especially explanatory of the Sacred Scriptures.

Parley's Book of the most Remarkable Curiosities in the World.

Hilliard, Gray, Sf Co., Boston.

Pickering's Lexicon. 8d edition.
Poems. By Hannah F. Gould. 18mo.



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348 List of New Books, for March. [April, 1832.

JnPresa.
Enfield's PhOoeophy. 4Ui edition. 8vo.

Carter 4* Hendee, Boston.

History of the Cholen Morbus. Translated from the Fieneh. By A. 8.
Doane. 8vo.
Bernard's Recollections of the Stage. ' 2 vols. 12mo.
Stories irom Common Life. 16mo.

In Press.

Rudiments of the Italian Language ; or Easy Lessons in Spelling and Read-
ing, with an Abridgment of the Giammar ; adapted to the Capacities of Chll-
dreo. By Pietro Bachi, Instructer in Harvard Universihr. 16mo.

Gi* Inni Giovenili della Signora Anna Letizia Barbauld, tradotti in Italiano.
Ad uso dei Fanciulii che imparano la Lingua. Nuova edizione, corretta e migli-
orata da Pietro Bacbi, Preeettore nell' University Havardiana. 16mo.

Cottons 4* Barnard, Boston.
In Press.
A Comparative View of the Italian and Spanish Languages ; or an Easy
Method of Leading Spanish for those who are already acquainted with the
Italian. By Pietro Bachi, Instructer in Harvard University. 1 voL 12mo.

William Hyde 4* Co., Boston.
The Pious Minstrel. 24mo.

lii Press.
The Bflsslonary Gazetteer. By Charies Williams. With Improvements* by
the American Editors.

Chaif 4* Bowen, Boston.
Rev. Mr. Greenwood's Sermon at the Ordination of the Rev. Mr. Thompsony
at Salem. 8vo.
Life of Hannah Adams. 12mo.

In Press.
PiOYerbes Dramatiques. 12mo.

Marsh, Capen, 4* Lyon^ Boston.
In Press.
Shaw's Architecture. 2d edition. 4to.
Operative Masonry, &c. 8vo.
Flora's Interpreter. By Mrs. Hale. 8vo.
The American Citizen. By B. L. Oliver.
Life of the Rev. J. Murray. 12mo. 5th edition.
Notes on the Parables. By the Rev. H. BaVou. 12mo.
Lectures. By the Rev. H. Ballou.
Essays on the Atonement. By the Rev. H. BaHoo.

laniard ^ Brown, Cambridge.

Owen Fe11tham*s Resolves. 16mo. Vol. 4. of Old English Prose Writers.

Friendly Review of Remarkable Extracts and Popular Hypotheses relating
to the Sufferings of Christ By Noah Worcester, D. D.

An Introduclon to English Grammar, on an Analytieai Plan. By Samuel
Webber, A. M.,M.D. Umo.



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THE

AMERICAN MONTHLY REVIEW.



MAY, 1832.

Art. I. — Ornitholo^cal Biography^ or an Account of the
Habits of the Birds of the United States of AmericOy
accompanied by Descriptions of the Obiects represented
in the Work entitled " The Birds of America^" and in-
terspersed with Delineations of American Scenery and
Manners, By John James Aububon, F. R. SS. L.



Online LibraryJoseph Lyon MillerAmerican monthly review → online text (page 36 of 54)