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ings were tender and refined ; and he was remarkably honest,
sincere, and truthful. Filial reverence and piety marked his

15

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114 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

character, and he was esteemed by all who knew him. Nearly
his whole life was passed in Cambridge ; and he filled various
offices, always acceptably. He was mayor of Cambridge in
1848, 1849, and 1850 ; was several times elected a representa
tive to the state legislature ; and was a member of the executive
council. He was the last relic of the officers of the college gov
ernment during the first quarter of the present century.

1802. Hon. SAMUEL HOAR died in Concord, Mass.,
2 November, 1856, aged 78. He was son of Hon. Samuel
Hoar, and was born in Lincoln, Mass., 18 May, 1778. After
leaving college, he spent two years as a private tutor in the
state of Virginia ; and it was while he was on his return to Massa
chusetts, and during a temporary stay in the city of New York,
that the fatal and memorable duel between Hamilton and Burr
deprived the country of one of its most honored and illustrious
statesmen. Arriving home, Mr. Hoar entered, as a student of
law, in the office of the Hon. Artemus Ward, of Charlestown,
(H.C. 1783), afterwards, and for many years, the learned
chief-justice of the Court of Common Pleas. He was admitted
to the bar in September, 1805 ; and, the same month, opened an
office in Concord, where he soon attained a high rank ; and for
forty years he was one of the most eminent and successful prac
titioners in the county of Middlesex. The last few years of his
life were withdrawn from that activity of legal service, to which,
from early manhood to late maturity, he had devoted his ener
gies ; and the people of Middlesex were deprived of the forensic
talents and experience of the veteran leader, who, for more than
a generation, had been engaged in most of the important cases
tried at their bar. To the neighboring bars of Worcester, Essex,
and Suffolk, he had been no stranger ; nor was his voluntary
surrender of the excitements of the more public and conspicuous
positions of his honorable profession unnoticed or unregretted by
them. He was associated with Mr. Webster in the celebrated
case of the Commonwealth against Crowninshield and the
brothers Knapp, convicted of the murder of Capt. White, in
Salem, in 1830. He was repeatedly honored by being elected
to offices of honor, trust, and importance. He was a member of



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 115

the convention for revising the constitution of the state in
1820 ; was elected a senator, in the state legislature, in 1825
and 1833 ; was a member of the executive council in 1845 and
1846. He was a representative from Middlesex in the twenty-
fourth Congress of the United States in 1836-7. He was also
a representative in our state legislature in 1850. In 1844, he
was appointed by Gov. Briggs, in accordance with a resolve
passed by the legislature of Massachusetts, a commissioner to
proceed to Charleston, S.C., to test, in the Court of the United
States, the constitutionality of an act passed by the legislature
of South Carolina on the 20th of December, 1825, legalizing the
imprisonment of colored persons who should enter their bounda
ries : but on his arrival at Charleston, and making known the
object of his visit, such was the excitement against him, on
account of his mission s being deemed by the people of the place
an unwarrantable interference with their state rights, that he
was obliged to leave the city forthwith, to escape threatened per
sonal violence ; and he returned to Massachusetts without fulfil
ling the object of his appointment.

The most agreeable characteristic of his latter years was the
interest with which he pursued every movement of benevolence
or education. He always possessed a liberal and charitable
spirit ; but his retirement from the bar afforded leisure for a
more extensive indulgence and cultivation of such affections.
From the institution of the Sunday-school of his church, until
the Sunday of his death, he officiated either as teacher or
superintendent. He was a member of the Massachusetts Peace
Society and of the American Bible Society, and was an invari
able participant in all charitable organizations. His private
charities also were incessant, ample, and intelligent. He was a
member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of
the Massachusetts Historical Society. At the time of his death,
he was one of the Board of Overseers of Harvard College ; and
the college, in 1838, conferred upon him the honorary degree of
Doctor of Laws. In 1812, he was married to Miss Sarah Sher
man, youngest daughter of the celebrated Roger Sherman, of
Connecticut. They had five children; viz., Elizabeth, Sarah



116 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

Sherman, Ebenezer Eockwood, Edward Sherman, and George
Frisbie. The sons were graduates of Harvard College in 1835,
1844, and 1846, respectively.

Mr. Hoar was a man of deep religious principles : he was a
sincere and devout Christian.. He will be remembered and
regretted longer than many men of more brilliant lives and more
conspicuous history, by the bar, of which he was an ornament ; by
the social circle of friendship, where affections always cluster
around one so sincere and earnest as he ; by the community
where he dwelt, and which he aimed to serve ; and by the com
monwealth, of which he was a wise and faithful son.

1802. ELIAS UPTON died in Bucksport, Me., 16 June,
1857, aged 85. He was born in Heading, Mass., 16 February,
1772. He devoted a great portion of his life to the instruction
of youth in various places. He was, for eleven years, precep
tor of the Bluehill (Me.) Academy. He afterwards removed to
Bucksport, where he engaged in trade, and kept a store in that
place for many years, and there finally closed his long life.

1803. Dr. THOMAS IVERS PARKER died in Boston, 10
December, 1856, aged 72. He was son of Rev. Samuel Par
ker, D.D. (H.C. 1764), and was born in Boston, 29 March,
1784. He was fitted for college at the Public Latin School in
Boston. On leaving college, he chose the medical profession,
and pursued his studies under the instruction of Dr. James Jack
son (H.C. 1796). Having been admitted to practice, he estab
lished himself as a physician in the city of New York, where he
remained several years. He then returned to Boston, where
he resumed the practice of his profession, and where he resided
during the remainder of his life. For ten or twelve years, he
held the office of county-physician for Suffolk. He was never
married.

1806. Eev. ISAAC HURD, of Exeter, N.H., died sud
denly, at the residence of his son, in South Reading, Mass.,
4 October, 1856, aged 70. He was son of Joseph Hurd, and
was born in Charlestown, Mass., 7 December, 1785. On
leaving college, he began the study of theology under the
instruction of Rev. David Osgood, D.D., of Medford, Mass.,



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 117

(II. C. 1771). He afterwards went to Europe, and completed
his studies at Divinity Hall in Edinburgh. He preached his first
sermon in London. On his return he received several invita
tions to settle ; and finally accepted one given him by the Unita
rian society in Lynn, Mass., and was ordained 15 September,
1813. He was dismissed, at his own request, 22 May, 1816.
A few months afterwards, he was invited to settle over the
Second Society in Exeter, of the same liberal denomination ; to
whom he had rendered himself so acceptable, that although he
frankly avowed he had changed his theological views, and de
clared his belief in the Trinitarian doctrine, yet they persisted in
the call, and he was installed pastor of that church, 11 Sep
tember, 1817. Notwithstanding a conscientious difference of
opinion on certain important points, he continued to enjoy, undi-
minished, their cordial respect and affection. After a ministry
of thirty years, Rev. Samuel Bering Dexter (H.C. 1843) was
ordained, 2 December, 1847, colleague-pastor. Mr. Dexter
died in Roxbury, Mass., 20 April, 1850; and Rev. Asa D.
Mann was settled as a colleague, 19 November, 1851. In
Mr. Hurd the society found a single-hearted devotedness to
his Divine Master as his guide, and to the Scriptures as the
source and illustration of Christian truth, together with solid
learning, true taste, ardent piety, and exemplary fidelity in
all his ministerial and social relations. He was a chaste, cor
rect writer, and, to the extent of his vocal powers, a good
speaker. He was affable in his manners, and given to hos
pitality. In 1854, the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity
was conferred upon him by Dartmouth College. He married,
16 March, 1819, Mrs. Elizabeth Emery, of Exeter, whose
maiden name was Folsom ; by whom he had two sons, one of
whom died in early childhood. The other son, Francis Park-
man Hurd, graduated at Harvard College in 1839, and is a
physician in Exeter.

1808. Rev. JAMES JOHNSON died in St. Johnsbury, Vt.,
31 October, 1856, aged 77. He was born in that part of
Lynn which is now within the boundaries of Lynnfield, Mass.,
12 July, 1779. He studied theology in Cambridge under the



118 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

tuition of Rev. Henry Ware, D.D. (H. C. 1785), and was
licensed to preach in 1810. He was ordained pastor of the
Presbyterian church in Potsdam, N.Y., 11 March, 1812; the
ordination-sermon being preached by Rev. Amos Pettengill, of
Champlain, N.Y. (H.C. 1805). In 1817, he was dismissed
from his charge at Potsdam ; and, in October of the same year,
was installed pastor of the Congregational church in Williston,
Vt. While settled at Williston, he preached at St. Alban s the
only sermon of his that found its way to the press. It was
preached at the anniversary meeting of free-masons, on the
festival of St. John the Baptist, 24 June, 1826, from the text,
^ Every house is builded by some man ; but he that built all
things is God" (Heb. iii. 4). On the 28th of February, 1827,
his pastoral connection was transferred to the Second Congrega
tional Church in St. Johnsbury, Vt., where he ministered until
3 May, 1838 ; when his relation to that church was dissolved,
and he was installed, February, 1839, at Irasburg, Vt., where
he labored till the autumn of 1849, when, at the age of seventy,
he was dismissed, and passed the remainder of his days at the
Centre Village, in St. Johnsbury, preaching occasionally, as
opportunity offered, without pastoral relation. He was an
industrious, faithful, and successful preacher of the word of life.
His discourses evinced a most affectionate regard for the welfare
of his hearers, and the simplicity of his manner was as touching
as his love was sincere. To him more than to any other man is
to be attributed a great reformation in the moral condition of
St. Johnsbury. He found his parish full of pestilent doctrines
and evil practices ; and he gave himself no rest until he had
extirpated heresy, root and branch, and trained the people to a
high standard of morality. He " set his face like a flint " against
all isms. Two revivals of more than ordinary interest occurred
during his ministry in St. Johnsbury; one of which, in 1831,
resulted in the addition of more than sixty to the church. The
whole number added to the church during his eleven years
connection with it was one hundred and seventy. The closing
years of his life were devoted mainly to the care of his faithful
wife, who was for many years a confirmed invalid. She died



1856-57.] OP HARVARD COLLEGE. 119

only eleven days before him ; and when, at length, she was re
leased from her sufferings, there seemed no more for him to do
on earth, and he hastened to rejoin her above.

1808. Dr. SAMUEL SCOLLAY died in Smithfield, Jeffer
son County, Va., 11 January, 1857, aged 74. He was son of
Grover and Eebecca Scollay, and was born in Ashburnham,
Mass., 21 January, 1782. His personal character and history
furnish a beautiful instance of persevering industry and stern
integrity, united to high mental accomplishments, a heart of the
noblest impulses r and the keenest sensibility. He began life
with no advantages, except those which a good name and a
faithful training of his parents conferred. Having to make the
money to pay for his education, it w r as several years beyond
the usual period of entering upon college-life that he was
matriculated as a member of an advanced class. While his
classmates were enjoying the recreations of vacation and the
endearments of home, he was exerting himself to provide for
the next term of study by teaching school. Thus, one term
after another, did he succeed in partially anticipating the ex
penses of his education. At college he was distinguished no
less by his excellence in scholarship among his fellow-students,
than for his perseverance and fidelity, during the vacation, as a
public teacher. In 1810, he went to Virginia ; settled in the
vicinity of Charlestown, Jefferson County ; and taught school in
the family of Mr. Henry Turner. His school soon attracted the
members of other families, and became very large. For three
years, he thus labored to free himself from the encumbrance of
debts contracted in acquiring his education, and also to enable
him to qualify himself for a profession. He at the same time
prepared himself to enter upon the course of study at the Jef
ferson Medical College in Philadelphia, where he graduated as
one of the first in his class. He began the practice of medicine
in Jefferson County at the age of thirty ; soon became highly
distinguished in his profession, not less eminent in his humble
sphere than some of his contemporaries at college in the exalted
position they have attained in the nation s councils. By perse
verance and industry, for nearly half a century, he was enabled



120 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

to bring up and educate a large family of children, and become
one of the most affluent citizens in that part of the state. His
first wife was Miss Harriot Lowndes, a grand-daughter of the
late Gov. Lloyd, of Maryland, and first cousin of the late
Francis S. Key. His second wife was Miss Sarah Page Nel
son, grand-daughter of the late Gen. Thomas Nelson. His
remains repose in the graveyard of the beautiful Episcopal
church in the village of Smithfield, which his liberality largely
contributed to build.

1809. Hon. FRANCIS GALLEY GRAY died in Boston,
Mass., 29 December, 1856, aged 66. He was son of Hon.
William Gray, well known as an enterprising and wealthy mer
chant ; and was born in Salem, Mass., 19 September, 1790.
After leaving college, he went through a course of legal studies
in the office of Hon. William Prescott, of Boston (H.C. 1783),
and was admitted to the bar ; but he did not pursue the profes
sion for any considerable time. Possessing ample wealth, he
became a man of letters, and devoted his powerful and well-
cultivated mind to the pursuits of literature. He was private
secretary of Hon. John Quincy Adams, when the latter was
minister in Russia. He was one of the most brilliant and
accomplished writers of his time, and was an early contributor to
the "North-American Review." He was the author of a valua
ble pap er, entitled " Remarks on the Early Laws of Massachu
setts Bay, with the Code adopted in 1641, and called The
Body of Liberties, " which is replete with important historical
information. This paper was published in the eighth volume
of the third series of the Collections of the Massachusetts His
torical Society. In August, 1816, he delivered the oration
before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard College, which
was published in the " North-American Review " for September of
that year ; and in August, 1840, he delivered the annual poem
before the same society, which was highly commended in the
" North- American " for January, 1841. In 1848, he published
a pamphlet entitled " Prison-Discipline in America," in which he
made a powerful argument against the separate system of
imprisonment, or solitary confinement of prisoners. This pam-



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 121

phlet was noticed, in strong terms of commendation, in an able
article in the " Christian Examiner" for March, 1848. On the
4th of July, 1818, he delivered the oration, before the town
authorities of Boston, on the anniversary of the Declaration of
Independence. This oration takes rank among the ablest pro
ductions which that occasion has brought forth. He had a
decided taste for antiquarian and historical researches. On the
29th of January, 1818, he was elected a member of the Massa
chusetts Historical Society, and he edited several volumes of its
published Collections. He was elected to many offices of honor
and trust. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences , and its corresponding secretary ; was president of
the Boston Athenaeum ; a trustee of the State Lunatic Hospital
at Worcester, on its establishment ; a trustee of the Massachu
setts General Hospital in Boston ; and a fellow of Harvard
College from 1826 to 1836. In 1822, he was elected a repre
sentative from Boston to the state legislature ; and was re-
elected in 1823, 1824, and 1836. He was chosen senator from
Suffolk in 1825, 1826, 1828, 1829, 1831, and 1843; and was
elected one of the executive council in 1839. He was vice-
president of the Prison-Discipline Society; and was, for several
years, chairman of the Board of Directors of the state prison at
Charlestown. In all these several stations, he discharged his
duties with eminent ability. In 1841, the honorary degree of
Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him by Harvard College.
He died a bachelor.

1810. KUFUS BRADFORD ALLYN died in Belfast, Me.,
25 January, 1857, aged 63. He was son of Rev. John Allyn,
D.D., of Duxbury, Mass. (H.C. 1785), and Abigail (Bradford)
Allyn ; was born in that town, 27 March, 1793 ; and was the
seventh in descent from Gov. Bradford, of Plymouth Colony.
He studied law in the office of Hon. William Sullivan, of Boston
(H.C. 1792) ; and, having been admitted to the bar, he removed,
28 July, 1815, to Belfast, Me., where he opened an office, and
there he resided during the remainder of his life. He soon ac
quired an extensive and lucrative practice, and became one of the
leaders of the bar in Waldo County. Some of the wealthy men

16



122 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

of Boston were proprietors of large tracts of land in the vicinity
of Belfast ; and at the solicitation of Mr. Sullivan, himsel one of
the proprietors, Mr. Allyn accepted an agency for the sale of
these lands, such an agency not interfering, but being connected,
with the practice of his profession. He continued in this agency
for more than twenty years, when it was terminated by his pur
chase of the remaining interest of the proprietors. He was a
scholar of rare attainments, of profound learning, and great re
finement of taste. As a lawyer, he had hardly his superior in
the country. He was thoroughly versed in the authorities, and
of memory so retentive and remarkable as to be able to make a
brief upon any given question, referring with accuracy to volume
and page without taking the books from their cases ; and yet he
was by no means exclusively what is called a book-lawyer. He
was master of the great principles of jurisprudence ; and, with a
mind of great logical acuteness as well as comprehensiveness, he
applied those principles with wonderful readiness and discrimina
tion. He was a man of great promptness in business, faithful to
his clients, and of unbending integrity, but of great eccentricity
of character, reserved to the very borders of misanthropy ; an
hereditary temperament, which oftentimes endured very great
depression, and which tended to obscure his faith, and obliterate
the faintest trace of ambition or desire to be known or noticed
by his fellow-men. He shunned distinction, and every thing
like notoriety he avoided with disgust. He might at one time
have removed to Boston, and become the partner of Daniel Web
ster ; but he preferred a life of absolute seclusion. Towards the
close of his life, those gloomy doubts superinduced by his melan
choly temperament, which had at times obscured his religious
faith, were dispelled ; and he often prayed, " Lord, I believe :
help thou mine unbelief." He was ever a zealous advocate of the
principles of liberal Christianity maintained by his father ; and
retained his respect for the institutions of religion, to which he
gave his personal countenance and support. Late in life,
he married Rebecca P., the eldest daughter of his friend
Samuel Upton, formerly of Boston ; and he, perhaps, was the
only person not connected by family ties towards whom he had



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 123

any feeling deserving the name of friendship. Mr. Upton re
sided in Belfast for some years prior to his removal to Washing
ton, where he died in 1840. His friendship, which was the
sunny spot in Mr. Allyn s early life, was strengthened by the
family tie which united them after Mr. Upton s removal to
Washington, and was only dissolved by death ; and now, in
firmer, purer, and better bonds, and brighter realms, the friends
are re-united. His widow and five children survive him in inde
pendent circumstances.

1810. FREDERICK KINLOCH died in Charleston, S.C.,
7 August, 1856, aged 66. He was son of Francis and Martha
(Rutledge) Kinloch, and was born in Charleston, 17 February,
1790. He began his preparatory studies under the Rev. Dr.
Buist ; and at the age of 12 he left Charleston, when his father
took him to Geneva, in Switzerland, where he remained four
years under the instruction of the celebrated Prof. Prevost. He
returned with the family to Charleston in 1806 ; and, that year,
entered college. For some time after he graduated, he followed
the business of planting ; but he was an ardent lover of learning,
and he took great delight in acquiring knowledge in all useful arts
and sciences, and imparting his information for the benefit of
others. He was a thorough French scholar ; was also familiar
with the Italian and Spanish languages. Amiable in private life,
self-sacrificing for the benefit of others, he was without an
enemy, and was beloved by all who knew him. Perseverance
and punctuality were marked qualities in his character ; a sincere
friend, but vindictive when angry, sarcastic when offended, yet,
if opportunity offered, ready to forget and forgive. Such was
Mr. Kinloch. He died at the house of a friend, where he had
resided for the last thirty-one years of his life ; and, by his own
request, he was buried in Magnolia Cemetery.

1812. CHARLES BROWXE died in Boston, 21 July, 1856,
aged 63. He was son of Moses (H.C. 1768) and Mary
Browne, and was born in Beverly, Mass., 24 May, 1793. He
studied law three years in the office of Hon. Nathan Dane, of
Beverly (H.C. 1778) ; but did not enter upon the practice of the
profession, but became a partner in the extensive publishing



124 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

firm of Hilliard, Gray, and Co., of Boston, where he continued
for many years. He was for nearly ten years a director in the
New-England Mutual Life-insurance Company, in which he
took great interest ; and his labors in the management of its
affairs contributed essentially to its success. He was also, for a
long period, one of the most active members of the Boston-
Library Society, and through life was much interested in histori
cal and genealogical researches. Modest and unobtrusive in his
manners, he never sought notoriety, but chose rather to do his
duty as a good citizen and a Christian, and to be known by
his works. He was in truth a just and good man ; one who
contributed much to the happiness and dignity of human life ;
one who was never weary in well-doing, and sought no other
reward than the consciouness of a life well spent. He married,
14 December, 1825, Elizabeth Isabella, daughter of Bryant P.
Tilden, Esq., of Boston; and had two sons and one daughter,
who, with his wife, survive him.

1812. LEONARD JACKSON died in West Newton, Mass.,
1 April, 1857, aged 65. He was son of Major Daniel and
Lucy (Remington) Jackson, and was born in Newton, 26 July,
1791. His father was an officer in the Revolutionary war, and
was in the battles of Concord, Bunker Hill, Germantown,
and Monmouth. After leaving college, Mr. Jackson studied
theology, and preached for a few years, but was never ordained.
The subsequent portion of his life was devoted to agricultural
pursuits in his native town.

1812. GEORGE THACHER died in Westford, Mass.,
12 June, 1857, aged 66. He was son of Hon. George (H.C.
1776) and Sarah (Savage) Thacher, and was born in Biddeford,
Me., 7 September, 1790. He was partly fitted for college by



Online LibraryJoseph PalmerNecrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 → online text (page 11 of 49)