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Joseph Adams (H.C. 1805), who was private tutor in his fa
ther s family ; and completed his preparatory studies at Gorham
Academy, under the instruction of Rev. Reuben Nason (H.C.
1802). He studied law with Hon. Cyrus King, of Saco ; and
began practice in that place in 1815, where he continued until
1835. For five years, he was senior partner in law-business
with the late Gov. Fairfield. For several years, he was register



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 125

of probate of York County. In 1835, he left Saco for Monroe,
where he remained until 1841, when he was appointed, by Pres.
Tyler, collector of Belfast, and removed to that place. After
the expiration of his commission, he returned to Monroe, where
he resumed business ; and continued there until 1853, when he
removed to Westford, Mass. He married, 20 January, 1818,
his cousin, Lucy Bigelow, daughter of Amos Bigelow, of Weston,
Mass. By this marriage he had six children, four of whom
survived him. This happy connection was severed by her death
at Belfast in September, 1843. He married again, 14 June,
1847, to Lucy, daughter of Dr. Amos Bancroft (H.C. 1791),
of Groton, Mass., who survived him. Mr. Thacher was a gen
tleman of most pleasing address, and distinguished for his gene
rous qualities. He had a deep sense of the importance of truth
and justice, and discharged every trust and every duty with
conscientious integrity. Believing the truth and importance of
the Christian religion, he was a firm supporter of public worship,
a communicant and constant attendant on the ordinances of the
gospel.

1812. Dr. EZEKIEL THAXTER died in Abington, Mass.,
11 October, 1856, aged 69. He was son of Dr. Gridley and
Sarah (Lincoln) Thaxter, and was born in Abington, 22 July,
1787. His mother was daughter of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, of
Hingham, the revolutionary hero. He was fitted for college
at Hingham Academy, under the tuition of James Day (H.C.
1806). After completing his collegiate course, he studied
medicine under the instruction of Dr. John C. Warren, of Bos
ton (H.C. 1797); and, having received his medical diploma in
1815, immediately began practice with his father in Abington.
He was quite successful in his profession, and acquired the full
est confidence of his patients. As his father advanced in age, he
gradually withdrew from practice ; and, for some time before his
death (which took place February, 1845, at the age of 89), he
gave it up entirely, and his son, the subject of this notice, was
the only physician in the town, which is quite large, and embraces
four considerable villages, three of them from one and a half to
two and a half miles from the doctor s residence. Notwith-



126 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

standing this, so popular was he, that no physician was able to
establish himself even in the remote parts of the town while Dr.
Thaxter retained his health. Now there are seven physicians on
the territory which he occupied. For the last two or three years,
he was able to ride very little, having suffered from paralysis,
which in a great measure disabled one side of his body ; and his
death occurred from a repetition of the shock. As he resided
all his life in Abington, he became one of its fathers ; and always
occupied a large place in the community, being highly esteemed
and honored by his fellow-townsmen. In 1821, he was chosen
town-clerk ; and held the office, by successive annual re-elections,
until 1832. He married Diantha Brown, daughter of Samuel
Brown, of Abington ; and left four children, two sons and two
daughters, all residing in that town. His wife died a few
years since. He was a man of strong social attachments, and
loved to live in the bosom of his family, and in the society of his
near relatives and intimate friends. He was a kind and affec
tionate father, a worthy and estimable citizen.

1814. FRANCIS DALLAS QUASH died in Charleston, S.C.,
17 February, 1857, aged 63. He was born in Charleston,
19 December, 1793. When in college, he was distinguished by
his strength of memory, his finished recitations, and his graceful
elocution. He graduated with high honors. Many will re
member the animated and graceful manner in which he pro
nounced the Latin salutatory oration in August, 1814, and
the valedictory oration in August, 1817, when he took his
degree of master of arts. The latter was afterwards published.
After leaving college, he studied law with Judge Samuel Prio-
leau, but did not enter upon its practice. Inheriting a planta
tion, his time for several years was devoted to its care. During
eighteen years, he was a member of the legislature of his native
state ; and, for some time previous to his decease, he held a
responsible office in the custom-house in Charleston. He mar
ried, 6 January, 1819, Emma J. Doughty, by whom he had
six children, of whom one son and two daughters survived him.

1815. HENRY FELT BAKER, of Cincinnati, died suddenly,
of congestion of the brain, in Portsmouth, O., 20 February,



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 127

1857, aged 59. His name, originally, was Henry Felt; but
his father having died, and his mother marrying Joseph Baker,
he took the surname of his step-father. He was the only child
of Henry Felt, and was born in Salem, Mass., 6 November,
1797. He was fitted for college, in Salem, under the instruction
of Josiah Willard Gibbs (Y. C. 1809). Immediately after
graduating, he entered the counting-room of Baker and Hodges,
of Boston, for the purpose of acquiring a mercantile education.
Here he remained several years, when the firm was dissolved,
Mr. Hodges retiring; and a new copartnership was formed,
under the style of Joseph Baker and Son. This firm was, after
a few years continuance, dissolved; and the subject of this notice
went to London, where he established himself as a merchant.
He remained there a little more than two years, and returned to
Boston in the autumn of 1841. Soon afterwards, he went
to New Orleans, with a view of establishing himself in that city ;
but, not succeeding according to his wishes, he returned to Bos
ton, and became one of the most active and efficient persons in
establishing steam flour-mills in East Boston. He was subse
quently treasurer of the Flour-Mills Company. It was at this
period that he exhibited his scientific tastes ; and he was led to
studies and investigations, that resulted, in 1846, in the patent
of an invention, and the issue of an illustrative pamphlet entitled
"Improvement in Steam-boiler Furnaces." The value of this
improvement, whatever the strength of confidence with which
he regarded it, he was willing that its own intrinsic merits and
practical experience should determine. A year or two after
wards he went to Cincinnati, where he was employed as a clerk
in a bank, and where he passed the remainder of his life. In
1853 and 1854, he published, in two parts, a work on "Banks
and Banking in the United States ; " which, to men of busi
ness, is of intrinsic and durable value. In August, 1856,
he began writing a series of articles, which were published in
the " Banker s Magazine," in New York, illustrative of the
specific interests to which that periodical is dedicated. These
evidences of a public nature establish the conclusion, that, even
amid the active and sensitive habits of mercantile life, he did



128 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

not suffer his mind to be alienated from that love of science and
letters to which it had been early devoted. He was not an
inattentive observer of the course of public affairs ; and he will
be remembered by many of his contemporaries in Boston as
always in sympathy with principles of high honor and of a
large and generous patriotism. The interests of private virtue
and social improvement found in him a friend and benefactor.
He was an early associate and patron of the Young Men s
Mercantile-Library Association in Boston, and always watched
its success with the interest of one who had, in some measure,
been instrumental in its establishment. In 1828, he was elected
commander of the Boston Independent Company of Cadets ; a
post that has ever been connected with high and noble bearing
in the activities of life. He was a gentleman of polished man
ners ; and, possessing rare colloquial faculties, his acquaintance
was much courted in fashionable society. He was often called
upon to preside at military dinners and on other festive occa
sions, which he did with a grace seldom equalled. He married,
21 November, 1822, Caroline, daughter of Capt. John Boit,
of Jamaica Plain, Roxbury, Mass. ; and had two^children, a
son and a daughter, who, with their mother, survive him.
His son graduated at Harvard College in 1848. Of his domes
tic virtues and religious aspirations, of his firmness in trial, his
fortitude in disappointment, his trust in God, and his hope in
his Saviour, it is given to those who were united with him
in the loved and loving experiences of home to cherish memories
into which it were not fitting for the present writer to enter.
After a life of activity, varied, as most lives are, by alternate
elevations and depressions, he passed away ; and his grave is
found in the quiet and beautiful Spring-Grove Cemetery, in the
queen-city of the West, Cincinnati.

1818. WILLIAM AUGUSTUS CAESON died at Sullivan s
Island, near Charleston, S.C., 17 August, 1856, aged 55. He
was son of James and Eliza (Neyle) Carson, and was born
in Charleston, 27 November, 1800. His father was a native of
Camden, S.C., and was a merchant in Charleston. His mother
was a native of Exeter, Eng. Mr. Carson was prepared for



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 129

college, in Charleston, by an Irishman of the name of Moriarty,
who was a distinguished scholar. After leaving college, he
studied medicine, but never practised ; being entirely occupied
with his business as a planter. This, however, did not exclude
the study of chemistry, botany, astronomy, and mechanics ; for
all which he had a strong inclination. He married Miss Caro
line Petigru, the accomplished and interesting daughter of the
Hon. James Louis Petigru, the special friend of Daniel Web
ster, and the head of the Charleston bar. He had two sons,
William and James Petigru, who survive him, as does also
his widow. Mr. Carson always preserved the liveliest recollec
tion of his college life and college friends, and frequently spoke
of revisiting those scenes dear to his youth ; but his devotion to
his business as a planter, and intendant of Sullivan s Island,
always prevented him from putting this wish into execution.

1318. CHARLES WILLIAM CUTTER died in Chatfield,
Minn. Ter., 6 August, 1856, aged 57. He was born in Ports
mouth, N.H., 11 June, 1799. He studied law in the office
of Hon. Jeremiah Mason (Y.C. 1788) ; and, having been ad
mitted to the bar, he entered upon the practice of the law in
Portsmouth. For several years he was a contributor to the
"Portsmouth Journal/ He afterwards entered upon the political
field; and, espousing the whig cause, was a writer of much spirit.
For a year or two, he became a resident of Dover, N.H. ; where,
about 1823, he established the "Dover Republican." From July,
1825, to January, 1830, he was an associate editor of the
"Portsmouth Journal." As a writer and public speaker he was
always well received, and enjoyed a confidence which was re
warded by the honors and emoluments of office. He was aide to
Levi Woodbury when the latter was governor of New Hamp
shire, and also aide to Major-Gen. Upham for several years.
He several times represented Portsmouth in the New-Hampshire
legislature, held the offices of clerk of the United-States District
and Circuit Courts in New Hampshire, naval storekeeper and
navy-agent. With the heads of the national government, en
joying the personal friendship of Daniel AVebster, he at times
possessed an influence from which others have derived advan-

17



130 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

tage. But, although in a degree successful in his course, he ex
pressed deep regrets that he ever left his profession to enter the
race in the political arena. To a young man who wished his
influence at Washington for an office, he said, " I would caution
every young man to follow any honest calling rather than rely
for support on any public office." Well informed in the litera
ture of the day, interested in all that relates to state histori
cal researches, the promoter of the interest of literary institu
tions, the ready public speaker, whether on the political platform,
at the forensic club, or the desk at the Lyceum, he was ever
listened to with attention and interest, and cheered with enthu
siasm. Though his aim might be high personal position, he was
ever noble and generous-hearted to all; and, in filial affection,
none could be more devoted. He was never married.

1818. Dr. JOSHUA HENSHAW HAYWARD died in Boston,
2 December, 1856, aged 59. He was the youngest son of Dr.
Lemuel Hayward (H.C. 1768), and was born in Boston, 6
February, 1797. He was fitted for college in Boston by the
celebrated Ebenezer Pemberton, and graduated with high
honors. On leaving college, he chose the medical profession ;
and, having completed the regular course of studies, was admit
ted to the degree of M.D. in 1821. He then went to Europe
for the purpose of more thoroughly qualifying himself for the
practice of his profession. He remained in Europe three years,
and embarked at Havre for New York on board the packet-ship
"Cadmus," Capt. Allyn, in the summer of 1824 ; being a fellow-
passenger with Lafayette, when he visited the United States as
the nation s guest. He opened an office in Boston, and pursued
the practice of his profession a few years ; when he relinquished
it, and became a partner in the house of Fletcher and Hayward,
wholesale druggists. Possessing a taste for the fine arts, he, a
few years afterwards, devoted himself to portrait-painting, which
he followed for some time with good success. In 1849, he was
appointed a weigher in the Boston custom-house ; which office he
held until his death. He was a gentleman widely known, and
universally respected ; of an amiable disposition, modest and
unobtrusive in manners, and unblemished moral character. He



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 131

married a daughter of the Hon. John McLean, of Ohio, judge
of the Supreme Court of the United States. Her early and
sudden death, after a few years of happy union, made a deep
impression upon him, which was never effaced. She left two
children, a son and a daughter ; both of whom survived their
father.

1819. Hon. STEPHEN CLARENDON PHILLIPS, of Salem,
Mass., was lost by the burning of the steamboat "Montreal," in
the river St. Lawrence, on the passage from Quebec to Mon
treal, 26 June, 1857. He was the only child of Capt. Stephen
Phillips, an active and enterprising shipmaster and merchant ;
and was born in Salem, 4 November, 1801. He graduated
with high honors at the early age of 18. After leaving college,
he began the study of law ; but soon relinquished it, and entered
upon his father s business as a merchant, in which he engaged
with great energy and success. While yet quite young, he was
called into the public service. In 1824, he was elected a repre
sentative for Salem to the state legislature ; which office he held,
by successive re-elections, until 1830, when he was chosen to the
senate, where he remained two years ; and, in 1832 and 1833, he
was again a member of the house of representatives. In 1834,
he was elected a representative in Congress from the Essex South
District to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Hon.
Rufus Choate ; and continued to occupy that post until the
autumn of 1838, when he resigned, and was succeeded by Hon.
Leverett Saltonstall. On the 5th December, 1838, he was
elected mayor of Salem ; and remained in office until March,
1842, when he voluntarily retired, giving the whole of his three
years salary, amounting to twenty-four hundred dollars, for the
benefit of the public schools of Salem. In 1840, he was one of
the presidential-electors for Massachusetts. He was a member of
the Board of Education of Massachusetts from 1843 to 1852, and
a trustee of the State Lunatic Hospital from 1844 to 1850. Of
positions of less prominence, which he filled with honor, were
those of president of the Salem Young-Men s Temperance* Socie
ty, organized 15 February, 1832 ; trustee and president of the
Bible Society of Salem and vicinity ; president of the Salem



132 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

Moral Society ; one of the managers of the Salem Dispensary,
and vice-president of the Salem Savings-Bank. In 1848, he left
the whig party, and engaged actively in the free-soil movement,
in the success of which his sympathies were thoroughly enlisted.
He was the candidate of that party for governor of Massachu
setts in that and the following year, but failed of an election.
From that time he withdrew from political life. In private life
he was a man of genial disposition, a devoted husband and fond
parent ; as a man of business he was prompt and energetic ;
as a Christian he was above reproach. He was a member of
the Barton-square Unitarian Church, where he was a constant
attendant for thirty-six years. He was eminently a friend of
youth, and contributed largely to the support of the Sunday-
school. Through his munificence a chapel was built ; and the
church and society, in his death, lost a valued friend and
member. He married, first, Jane Appleton, daughter of Wil-
lard Peele, of Salem (H.C. 1792) : she dying, he married,
3 September, 1838, Margaret M., sister of his former wife.
The fruits of these marriages are ten children, six sons and
four daughters. Three of his sons, Stephen Henry, George
William, and Charles Appleton, are graduates of Harvard Col
lege in 1842, 1847, and 1860, respectively.

1820. Rev. WILLIAM LAWRENCE STEARNS died in Chico-
pee, Mass., 28 May, 1857, aged 63. He was son of Rev.
Charles (H.C. 1773) and Susanna (Cowdry) Stearns, and was
born in Lincoln, Mass., 30 October, 1793. His twin-brother,
Daniel Munroe Stearns, graduated at Brown University in
1822. He was fitted for college by his father. After grad
uating, he studied divinity under his father s instruction, and
was licensed to preach in 1823. He was ordained pastor of the
Unitarian church in Stoughton, Mass., 21 November, 1827.
His pastoral relation with this society was dissolved 30 March,
1831. He w r as installed at Rowe, Mass., 30 January, 1833;
where he labored as a diligent and faithful pastor until 31 De
cember, 1849, when he was dismissed, and, 1 January, 1850,
was settled over the Unitarian church in Pembroke, Mass. He
continued Ins labors in this place until a few months before his



18,56-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 133

death, when ill health compelled him to resign his pastoral
charge; and he removed to Chicopee, where he resided in the
family of his son until death closed his earthly career. He was
married, 5 June, 1828, to Mary Monroe, daughter of Isaac
and Grace (Bigelow) Monroe, of Lincoln ; and had four chil
dren, three sons and one daughter, of whom the daughter and
one son died before their father. Mr. Stearns was emphatically
a good man, an honest, worthy Christian. He never aimed at
eminence or sought popularity, but pursued the even tenor of his
way, laboring diligently in the vocation to which he was called,
and no doubt made his calling and election sure. His religious
sentiments, and his views of the course a minister of the gospel
ought to pursue, are well expressed in the following extract of a
letter written by him about five years before his death : " I have
good reason to believe my ministerial services have been as profit
able, in a moral and religious point of view, as those of my
brethren who have had larger salaries and obtained notoriety.
All kinds and degrees of transcendentalism and Germanism I
have detested, and held on in the good old ways of evangelical
preaching, for which I have somewhat lost caste, and been con
sidered a little old-fashioned ; but I have the consolation to
think I have in no way been accessory to infidelity, come-
outism, and the other abominations in which the times abound.
I wish we had in our denomination fewer of what are called
smart preachers, and more of those who teach for doctrine the
commands of God, and the simplicity of the truth by Jesus
Christ."

1#22. SAMUEL MAXNIXG died in Baltimore, Md., 16 May,
1857, aged 54. He was son of Dr. Samuel (H.C. 1797) and
Lucy (Cogswell) Manning, and was born in Westford, Mass.,
6 July, 1802 ; but, from the age of eight years until he entered
college, had his home in Lancaster, Mass., and was fitted for
admission at Lancaster Academy under the instruction of Pres.
Jared Sparks (II. C. 1815) ; but on account of his youth,
being then only fifteen years of age, he remained one year longer
at the academy under Mr. Sparks s successor, George Barrell
Emerson (H.C. 1817), and entered in 1818. In his freshman



134 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1856-57.

year, he taught a school in Lancaster ; and, in the winter of his
senior year, in Leominster. He was captain of the college
company ; and, at that time, Capt. Shaw, of the United-States
navy, was under suspension. It was intimated to the company
that it would be agreeable to Capt. Shaw to see them. Manning
asked Pres. Kirkland s permission. The president inquired
whether they intended to visit Capt. Shaw as an officer, or as
a private citizen. Manning replied, "As a private citizen."
The company went, and saluted Shaw as had always been the
custom of saluting their hosts. This gave great offence to
the officers of the court-martial, among whom was Com. Hull ;
and, shortly afterwards, Hull published a communication in a
newspaper, asking to what literary institution they were indebted
for the insult they had received. The consequence was, Man
ning was deprived of a part he was to have performed at Com
mencement. It was his intention, through college, to study
medicine with his father ; and, accordingly, he attended the
medical lectures in Boston the first winter after he graduated.
But his father died 11 October, 1822 ; and he relinquished the
plan of pursuing the medical profession. In 1823, he went to
Maryland, and taught a school of twenty or thirty scholars
in Baltimore County, about eight miles from the city of Balti
more, for two years. During the winter of 18256, he studied
Spanish under Cubi y Soler ; and, the following spring, went to
Mexico, about eighty miles from the city, to Timascaltapec,
as agent for a silver-mining company. In the summer of 1827,
he sailed from Vera Cruz in a schooner for Philadelphia, and the
voyage occupied sixty-five days. They were twenty days
becalmed in the Gulf. The vessel had neither quadrant nor
compass ; and, for twenty days, all on board were reduced to an
allowance of one biscuit and one pint of water each a day. The
vessel, too, was leaky; and all were obliged to take their turns
at the pumps fifteen minutes successively, until they got into
Tampa Bay. He lost his hat soon after leaving Vera Cruz, and
had only a paper one, which he made to keep off the heat of
the tropical climate. In the spring of 1829, he returned to Bal
timore, and on the 10th of June, the same year, was married to



1856-57.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 135

Miss Susan Shepard, of Baltimore ; and they passed the summer
at Cambridge, Mass. In October, he, with his wife, went to
Mexico, and returned the following spring. A few months
afterwards, he settled as a lawyer in Baltimore, having attended
to the study of law at such intervals as he had after first going to
that city. He w r as quite successful in the profession, and con
tinued in practice until the spring of 1838, when he removed to
a farm a few miles from Palmyra in Missouri. The first ground
broken on his farm was to bury one of his five children. He
intended to practise law ; but he lost his law-books on the way
out. The Ohio was low, and he had the promise that his books
should go by the next boat ; but the last he heard of them was
that the boxes on which his name was marked were seen floatin^

o
in the river. Then he lost several hundred dollars worth of

fencing by prairie fire, and other misfortunes followed. Subse-
sequently he lived for a time at St. Louis, where he was still
unsuccessful. About 1843, he returned to Baltimore, where he
remained until his death. For some time, he was in the office
of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company ; and afterwards in
the coal and iron business, as one of the firm of Manning,
Stimpson, and Co. Latterly he was in the hardware business with



Online LibraryJoseph PalmerNecrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 → online text (page 12 of 49)