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Necrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 online

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2 August, 1779. His father, Henry Gardner (H.C. 1750),
was born in Stow, Mass., 14 November, 1731. He was a
member of the Middlesex Convention in 1774; also of the
Provincial Congress, which met 7 October, 1774, and in Feb
ruary and May, 1775. He was judge of the Court of Com
mon Pleas for Middlesex. In December, 1774, he was chosen
first state treasurer; when he removed to Boston, and occupied
the Province-House, where were vaults for the safe keeping of
the provincial revenues. He held this office until his death.
He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and
Sciences, and had the character of a learned man. He was a
sincere patriot, and rendered very important service to the pro
vince by his diligence and fidelity. He died 8 October, 1782,
aged 50. Dr. Gardner s grandfather, Rev. John Gardner.
(H.C. 1715), was born in Charlestown, Mass., 22 July, 1695 ;
was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in Stow,
26 November, 1718 ; and died 10 January, 1775, aged 79.
Dr. Gardner was fitted for college in Andover, Mass. He
studied medicine with Dr. John Warren, of Boston, (H.C.
1771), who, at the death of Dr. Gardner s father, had been
appointed his guardian ; and received his first medical degree in
1801, but never practised. According to the laws of primogeni
ture then existing, he, being the eldest son, inherited a double
portion of his father s estate ; and he was thus placed above the
necessity of engaging in any stated business. He employed
himself in the care of his property, which increased under
his judicious management. He resided many years in Dor
chester, Mass., where he was highly esteemed by the people of
that ancient town, who elected him a representative to the legis
lature in 1822, 1823, and 1824. He was chosen a senator
from Norfolk District in 1825, 1826, and 1827. He was also,
in 1820, a member from Dorchester of the convention for revis
ing the constitution of the state. He was, for a number of years,
one of the trustees of the State Lunatic-Hospital at Worcester.

22



170 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1857-58.

Of late years, he declined all public offices, preferring the quiet of
private life. He was a gentleman of strict integrity, and was
highly respected in the community. He married, first, 17 May,
1803, Joanna Bird Everett, daughter of Rev. Moses Everett, of
Dorchester (H.C. 1771) : she died 7 February, 1807, leaving
one daughter, who is now the wife of Daniel Denny, Esq., of
Boston. He married, second, 20 March, 1810, Clarissa Hoi-
brook, daughter of Dr. Amos Holbrook, of Milton, Mass. ; by
whom he had three children, two daughters and a son; of
whom only the son, Hon. Henry Joseph Gardner, late gov
ernor of Massachusetts, is living. His second wife survived
him.

1799. Hon. JOSEPH DANE died in Kennebunk, Me.,
1 May, 1858, aged 79. He was son of John and Jemima
(Fellows) Dane, and was born in Beverly, Mass., 25 October,
1778. He was a descendant of John Dane, who emigrated
.from England, and settled in Ipswich, Mass., about the year
1648. Both his parents were natives of Ipswich. They died
in Beverly, where they lived : the father, 5 March, 1829, in his
eightieth year; and the mother, April, 1827, aged 76 years.
Mr. Dane was fitted for college at Phillips Academy, Ando-
ver, and graduated with the second honors of his class. After
leaving college, he pursued his legal studies in the office and
under the instruction of his uncle, Hon. Nathan Dane, of
Beverly (H.C. 1778) ; and, having completed his term of study,
he was admitted to the bar in Essex county in July, 1802.
He was thoroughly prepared for usefulness and distinction in the
honorable profession he had chosen. Besides the advantages to
be derived from the large experience, exact and varied learning,
and practical good sense, of his immediate instructor, he could
not fail to be benefited by the intimate association of the latter
with Prescott, Jackson, Putnam, and Story, who were then
beginning to be distinguished for professional excellence, and
became the ornaments of the bar and the bench. After his
admission to the bar, Mr. Dane immediately began the practice
of law in Kennebunk, at that time a part of the town of Wells ;
where he soon became distinguished as an able lawyer, an



1857-58.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 171

upright and safe counsellor. lie continued in active practice in
the profession until 1837, when he retired. As a practitioner,
he was courteous, faithful, and honest ; and sought, by the
influence of his own example, to elevate the character of the pro
fession for integrity and moral excellence. "He concerned
himself with the beginnings of controversies, not to inflame, but
to extinguish them. He felt that he owed a duty to the com
munity in which he lived, and whose peace he was bound to
preserve. He was eminently a peacemaker, a composer of dis
sensions, and constantly aimed to prevent the mischiefs which
follow in the train of litigation." To him may very justly be
applied the language used in regard to another : " That he cast
honor upon his honorable profession, and sought dignity, not
from the ermine or the mace, but from a straight path and a
spotless life."

He was the last survivor of those who were members of the
bar of York when he began practice ; among whom were,
the honored names of Mellen, King, Holmes, Hubbard, and
Wallingford. He was often selected by his fellow-citizens for
places of trust and responsibility. In 1816, he was chosen one
of the delegates from the town of Wells to the Brunswick con
vention for forming a constitution for Maine, which then failed
to accomplish its object ; the popular majority required to author
ize it not having been obtained. In 1818, he was elected by the
legislature of Massachusetts one of the executive-council ; but
declined to accept the office, on account of professional engage
ments. In 1819, he was a member of the convention which
framed the constitution of Maine, and took an active part in its
proceedings and deliberations ; and was one of the committee
which draughted the constitution, Mr. Holmes being chairman.
Associated with him in this important committee, among others,
were Chief- Justice Whitman, Generals Wingate and Chandler,
Judges Bridge, Dana, and Parris. On the admission of Maine
into the Union in 1820, he was elected a member of the sixteenth
Congress, from the first district, to complete the unexpired term
made vacant by the election of Mr. Holmes to the Senate, and
also a member of the seventeenth Congress. Subsequently he



172 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1857-58.

was in the state legislature, as a member of the House, in the
years 1824, 1825, 1832, 1833, 1839, and 1840; and was
a member of the Senate in 1829. In 1841, he was elected a
member of the executive-council of Maine, but declined to
accept the office. He fulfilled the duties of the various and
important public trusts confided to him with acknowledged abil
ity, great singleness of purpose, and with an earnest, patriotic
desire to advance the public interest. After his retirement from
the bar and from public duties, he always interested himself
deeply in whatever was calculated to promote the welfare of the
community. Few men have lived so long, and enjoyed so
largely and uniformly the confidence, respect, and esteem of
their fellow-citizens.

He married, October, 1808, Mary Clark, daughter of
Hon. Jonas Clark, of Kennebunk, and grand-daughter of the
Rev. Jonas Clark, of Lexington, Mass. (H.C. 1752) ; a lady
of great excellence of character, who survived him. He had
three children, two sons and a daughter. The sons survived
him, prominent citizens of the county of York, Hon. Na
than Dane, of Alfred ; and Joseph Dane, jun., of Kennebunk.
He was happy in his domestic and social relations ; kind,
affectionate, and benevolent. His death was deeply lamented by
his neighbors and friends, who grieved most of all that they
should see his face no more. He had usually enjoyed good
health, the "ripe fruit of temperance, self-control, and a virtuous
life," until seized by the malady which terminated his earthly
existence. He sustained the suffering of his long and painful
illness with characteristic cheerfulness and equanimity, and with
Christian resignation ; and at last calmly and serenely yielded
up his life in the exercise of a reasonable religious faith and a
Christian hope.

1800. Dr. SAMUEL WEED died in Portland, Me., 24 No
vember, 1857, aged 83. He was born in Amesbury, Mass.,
10 June, 1774. His father, Ephraim Weed, was a respectable
farmer. He worked on his father s farm until he was 17 years
old ; when he was sent to Exeter Academy, where he remained
nearly a year. The next four years he spent alternately keeping



1857-58.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 173

school in Amesbury ind Bradford in winter, and working on the
farm in summer. Being now desirous of obtaining a liberal
education, he went to Atkinson Academy, then under the charge
of Stephen Peabody (H.C. 1769), and prepared himself for col
lege. He entered college in 1796, the oldest member of his class.
A distinguished literary gentleman, who was long intimately
acquainted with him, gives the following particulars of his subse
quent life : "It was one of the college customs of that day, for
the freshmen, on the entry of every class, to be initiated into
their new life by a wrestling-match. The sophomores chal
lenged the new-comers to a trial of strength in this ancient and
classical exercise. The senior class was the umpire, and the
victors were treated to a supper on their invitation. In the con
test in 1796, after a hard and manly struggle, the freshmen
came off victorious, leaving three of their champions ready to
continue the contest : of these, Weed was one. The Monday
after, the juniors, not easy under this defeat, challenged the
freshmen to a new contest with them. This was accepted, and
Weed was the first to enter the list : he threw successively six
of the juniors, the first of whom was the late Judge Fay, of
Cambridge. Reeking with perspiration, and nearly exhausted,
he was required to renew the struggle with a fresh competitor :
in this struggle he was unfortunately overcome ; the victor being
Ebenezer Thatcher, then of Cambridge, but whose manhood
and age were spent in Maine, in the discharge of many
important offices, and w r ho died in 1841. After leaving
college, Mr. Weed took charge of the academy at Framing-
ham, where he continued four years; when he was invited to
unite with his classmate, Rufus Hosmer, in conducting a high-
school in Medford. In this occupation he remained three years.
He then began in earnest the study of his profession under the
wise and paternal direction of Dr. John Brooks, afterwards gov
ernor of the commonwealth ; the brave and gallant soldier, the
skilful physician, the prudent statesman, and the accomplished
gentleman. Here he saw the best practice, and improved his
admirable opportunities to acquire an accurate knowledge of his
profession. At the same time, he had the rare privilege of seeing



174 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1857-58.

and enjoying the company of many of the most distinguished
men of the old commonwealth, as Gore, Dexter, Bigelow, &c. ;
and of meeting the old physicians, Danforth, Dexter, Lloyd,
Rand, the elder Warren, &c., who came to Dr. Brooks for con
sultation or as friendly visitors. Here, too, he met the eccentric
and gifted Dr. Osgood, pastor of the church in Medford, then
in the vigor of his intellect and of his peculiarities. From these
rich and varied stores of instruction, his mind was imbued with
useful knowledge, and pleasant and instructive anecdote, which
his memory laid up for the entertainment of his friends and
companions through the long period of his remaining life. Dr.
Weed went to Portland, and entered on the practice of his pro
fession, in 1810. The principal physicians then there were Dr.
Coffin, who had been forty-four years in the practice, and stood
at the head of the profession, both in medicine and surgery ;
Drs. Erving, Thomas, Cummings, Harding, Kittridge, and Mor-
rill. A very healthy town, with a population of only seven
thousand, and pre-occupied with such a number of the faculty,
did not afford a very cheering prospect to a new aspirant,
especially when the charge for a medical visit, including medi
cine, was only fifty cents. At that time, it was the custom for
physicians to prepare the medicines which they prescribed :
patients were unwilling to go to the apothecary ; and articles
obtained there were not always to be relied on. It happened,
fortunately for Dr. Weed, that Dr. Erving, that good Samari
tan, and a most excellent man, soon after this moved to Bos
ton. Two years before Dr. Weed came, Dr. Kinsman, one of
the most learned and skilful practitioners who had ever pursued
his vocation in Portland, had died ; so that Dr. Weed was en
abled early to enter upon a remunerating practice. He was
quite successful in securing a goodly number of. first-class
patients, which he ever retained, and their families after them,
by a calm judgment, a good knowledge of his profession, and a
uniform gentlemanly deportment. Never was a physician fur
ther removed than he from cant and quackery, to which ignorant
practitioners often resort to gain business and popularity. He
gained the confidence of his patients, and secured their affection,



1857-58.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 175

by a safe and judicious application of remedies, by courteous
deportment, and strict attention to the wants of the sick-chamber.
His great caution sometimes gave him the appearance of doubt
and hesitation : but he thought it better to be slow than to be
wrong ; that it was better to assist nature, than to prostrate it by
hasty and violent applications. The estimation in which he was
held by his numerous friends, many of whom were children of
parents who had enjoyed the benefit of his earlier services, was
manifested in a manner most gratifying to both parties. In De
cember, 1852, Dr. Weed fell upon the ice, and broke his hip-
joint ; a severe misfortune, which disabled him from future
practice. His friends, believing that, deprived of his usual re
sources, he must be straitened in his means of support, came
cheerfully forward, and contributed to procure for him an annu
ity of five hundred dollars a year during his life. This at once
relieved his anxiety, and made him comfortable for the remainder
of his days. In 1816, Dr. Weed married Maria Condy, of
Medford, an amiable and accomplished lady, whose death in
1835 was a deep and lasting sorrow, depriving him of a wise
counsellor, an admirable companion, and an unfailing friend.
Her grandfather, Rev. Jeremiah Condy (H.C. 1726), was a
Baptist clergyman in Boston ; predecessor, in the First Baptist
Church, of the eloquent Stillman. By her he had three sons ;
of whom the only survivor is Edward Condy, of Boston. From
his earliest life, Dr. Weed was an example of a true philosophi
cal and religious moderation. His whole conduct was regulated
by strict principle. He was never known to deviate from the
paths of rectitude and honor : he knew no guile, and was never
guilty of detraction. He had entire control over himself, and
so was able to apply to useful purposes the whole vigor of his
powers. As a physician, he was not rapid in his perceptions,
nor fertile in expedients ; but by great caution, sound judgment,
and natural experience, he arrived at just conclusions in the
diagnosis of disease. By a course so uniform and so worthy,
he conferred dignity on his honorable profession, and grace and
beauty on his daily life."

1802. CHARLES WINSTON GREENE died in East Green-



176 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1857-58.

wich, R.I., 24 December, 1857, aged 74. He was son of
David Greene (H.C. 1768), and was born in Norwich, Conn.,
3 July, 1783 ; but, when quite young, removed with his father s
family to Boston, where he passed a great portion of his life.
His mother s name was Rebecca Rose ; and his father married
her in the island of Antigua, of which she was a native. She
died at the age of forty, leaving eight children. Mr. Greene
was fitted for college at the Boston Latin School, where he won
a Franklin medal for his superior scholarship. On leaving col
lege, he entered his father s counting-room for the purpose of
preparing himself for the mercantile profession, in which his
father had long held a prominent rank. In 1805 or 1806, he
went to England, where he remained a few months, when
he returned; and on the 7th of December, 1806, he was married
to Esther Ward Bowen, daughter of Hon. Pardon Bo wen, of
Providence, R.I., and settled in New York. She died in March,
1808, leaving no children. Mr. Greene shortly afterwards sailed
for Europe ; visited many ports in the Mediterranean, and went
as far as Odessa, in the Black Sea, in the ship "Calumet,"
which was the first American vessel that visited that port, and,
it is believed, was the first that ever entered the Black Sea.
He remained in Europe five years ; during which time he
acquired a thorough knowledge of the French language, which
he spoke as fluently as he did his native tongue. He returned
in 1813; and, on the 27th of September of that year, he was
married to Frances Bowen, a sister of his former wife. He then
established himself in Boston as a merchant ; but, meeting with
reverses, he relinquished the mercantile profession, and engaged
in the business of teaching, for which he was by nature peculiar
ly fitted. He opened a private school at Jamaica Plain (now
West Roxbury), Mass., which he continued for more than thirty
years with eminent success. In 1849, he removed to East Green
wich, R.I., where he continued his school until the 13th of Feb
ruary, 1856 ; when he was seized with a slight paralytic affection,
which compelled him to relinquish his labors. During the time
he was engaged in teaching, more than seven hundred youth went
forth from his school, many of whom now fill high places, and



1857-58.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 177

have achieved deserved eminence. Among those who gratefully
testify to the good influences exerted upon them, while at his
school, may be mentioned George W. Curtis, the " Howadji ; "
J. Lothrop Motley, the historian ; Frank B. Goodrich, author of
the "Court of Napoleon ;" Charles G. Leland, and Fletcher and
Edward Webster. The great feature of this school consisted
not so much in its educational advantages, though these were
undoubted, as in the excellent influences which were brought to
bear upon the characters of the pupils. The boys were trained
to be courteous and gentlemanly, with a modest but manly
bearing, and a noble scorn of all that was mean or ungenerous.
Himself a gentleman of the old school, Mr. Greene labored
earnestly and successfully to train up his pupils in all the virtues
which belong to that type. It was to this moral training that
Mr. Greene chiefly confined himself. Though admirably quali
fied, it was his custom to devolve upon assistants the main
burden of instruction, under his general supervision. Those
who have had familiar opportunities to observe how admirably
he understood the nature of boys, and how wisely and well he
managed them smoothing down their rough angularities, and
instilling into them gentlemanly courtesy, mutual forbearance,
and a manly deference for their superiors in age and acquire
ments during his thirty -nine years experience, will be
tempted to compare him, not out of empty compliment, but
with full conviction, to the celebrated Dr. Arnold, the model
teacher of England. It may not be out of place to chronicle
an illustration of the high integrity which actuated Mr. Greene
in his dealings with his fellow-men. At the close of his mer
cantile life, he failed to the amount of thirty thousand dollars,
a sum which, legally, he was not bound to pay ; but, with a
sense of obligation wholly independent of legal enactments, he
discharged the entire debt out of the subsequent profits of his
school. It was many years before he could accomplish it ; but
he steadfastly persevered until every dollar was paid. Mr.
Greene employed himself for some time in writing a history of
the country around the Black Sea, an account of his own voy
age and observations while there and at Constantinople, with

23



178 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1857-58.

the intention of publishing them ; but, on being applied to by
Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn for information on those subjects,
finding the latter was preparing a work on the " Commerce of
the Black Sea," he handed him his manuscripts, desiring him to
make what use of them he might wish, and then gave up all
thoughts of publishing any thing himself.

Mr. Greene s second wife survived him, but had no children.

1803. Rev. ASA EATON died in Boston, 24 March, 1858,
aged 79. He was born in Plaistow, N.H., 25 July, 1778 ; was
fitted for college by Rev. Giles Merrill, of Haverhill, Mass.
(H.C. 1759). After a brief preparatory course of theological
studies, he was instituted rector of Christ Church in Boston,
23 October, 1805, where he labored diligently and faithfully
until May, 1829, when he resigned his rectorship ; and, for eight
years subsequently, was employed as a city-missionary, labor
ing among the destitute in Boston, and preaching to the poor in
a hall where the seats were free. .From 1837 to 1841, he was
connected with a literary institution in New Jersey. For a
short time previous to his death, he was attached to the Church
of the Advent in Boston. He was a distinguished member of
the Masonic Fraternity, and at one time held the office of deputy
grand-master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. He was
widely known throughout the county, from his long connection
with the Episcopal church, his blameless life, and his entire
consecration to the work of the Christian ministry. His tall and
commanding figure, with locks of snowy whiteness, attracted
attention wherever he went ; and his memory is revered as a
beloved and faithful expounder of divine truth. He married,
9 October, 1813, Susannah Storer, youngest daughter of Eben-
ezer Storer, of Boston (H.C. 1747), and had six children,
three sons and three daughters ; of whom two sons and one
daughter survived him. His wife died 26 November, 1853, aged
71 years.

1804. BENJAMIN GUILD died in Boston, 30 March, 1858,
aged 72. He was son of Benjamin (H.C. 1769) and Eliza
(Quincy) Guild, and was born in Boston, 8 May, 1785. His
father was born in Wrentham, Mass., 28 April, 1749; was a



1857-58.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 179

tutor in Harvard College from 1776 to 1780 ; and was a mem
ber of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was
for some time a preacher ; but subsequently opened a book-store
in Cornhill (now Washington Street), Boston, which he kept for
some years. He died in October, 1792, aged 43 years. The
subject of this notice was fitted for college at Hingham Academy.
He studied law with Hon. William Prescott (H.C. 1783). On
his admission to the bar, he opened an office in Boston, and
afterwards became a law-partner with Mr. Prescott. He was
subsequently associated in the practice of his profession with
Benjamin Hand, of Boston (H.C. 1808). He married, 31
March, 1817, Eliza Eliot, daughter of Samuel Eliot, a dis
tinguished and wealthy merchant of Boston ; and had five chil
dren, three sons and two daughters, who, with his widow,
survived him. All his sons have graduated at Harvard College ;
viz., Samuel Eliot in 1839, Charles Eliot in 1840, and Edward
Chipman in 1853. Mr. Guild was, for more than thirty years,
an active and efficient member of the Massachusetts Society for
the Promotion of Agriculture ; was for some time its recording-
secretary; and was the writer of many of its annual reports.
He was a gentleman of polished manners, of an exceedingly
affable and sociable disposition, and was highly respected and
beloved by a large circle of acquaintance.

1805. EPHRAIM HIXDS died in West Boylston, Mass.,
18 June, 1858, aged 77. He was son of Benjamin and Tabitha
(Holland) Hinds, and was born in that part of Shrewsbury
which is now within the limits of West Boylston, 7 November,
1780. His father was a farmer, and one of the earliest settlers
of the town. His mother was a native of Boylston. He was
fitted for college partly at Leicester Academy, and partly by
Rev. William Nash, of West Boylston (Y.C. 1791). After
leaving college, he taught school in Boston, Watertown,
Sterling, Lancaster, Mass., and several places in Vermont.
After some years spent in teaching, he entered upon the study
of law under the instruction of Eleazer James, of Barre, Mass.



Online LibraryJoseph PalmerNecrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 → online text (page 16 of 49)