Joseph Palmer.

Necrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 online

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of Trinity Church, Boston, and bishop of the Protestant Epis
copal Church in Massachusetts. Deprived of the directing care
of his father before he had completed his eighth year, he enjoyed
the careful tutelage of a Christian mother, whose fidelity and
consistency were a lantern in his path. He entered the Boston
Latin School in the year 1808 ; and, having successfully pursued
a literary course in that institution for three years, he left, and
went into the counting-house of Blodget, Power, and Wheeler,
where he remained until the dissolution of that firm, when he
was transferred to the counting-house of the late James Carter,
on Central Wharf. Soon after the breaking-out of the war, he,
being of the age at which military duty was required, was
draughted from the militia to serve on the defenceless forts in
Boston harbor ; but a substitute was obtained by his employer,
with whom he remained a year or two longer, when, by one of
those little incidents directed by the guiding Spirit, he was led
to the determination to devote himself to the Christian ministry.
One Sunday, after attending the services of the church, he
was thoughtlessly induced to enter one of those places of re
freshment which the vigilant eye of the law often overlooks or
ignores ; and, on coming out of that place, his thoughts became
ill at ease, at what, from maternal instruction, he was convinced
was a violation of the sanctity of the Lord s day. He at first
thought of the pain it would give to a Christian mother, should
she know where he had been ; and this reflection was followed
by a consideration of the reasons why she would disapprove of
such a resort on such a day. Stung by the reflection, his walk
homeward was prolonged, he knew not whither, until he reached
the open air and sunshine of the country. There was a quiet
ness around him not in unison with his feelings within ; and it
became evident to him that he was the object of an internal
struggle between the world above and that below. By the grace
of God, the world below was vanquished ; nor did he rest until

268 . NECROLOGY OP ALUMNI [1858-59.

he had resolved to give himself heart and soul to the service of
God. This was the beginning of a new life. From that time,
he determined to relinquish the flattering prospects of mercantile
advancement before him, and to renew his studies under the
direction of that rare and ripe classical scholar, the late Rev.
Dr. John S. J. Gardiner, of Trinity Church, the assistant and
successor of his father, with the view of preparation for the min
istry. He was soon prepared for college, and entered in 1818.
In his freshman year, he obtained a Bowdoin prize for an essay
on the Life and Character of Dr. Johnson.* He graduated with
high rank. His religious sympathies received fostering encour
agement under the faithful ministry of the Rev. Dr. Asa Eaton
(H.C. 1803), of Christ Church, of which he became a commu
nicant in 1816, two years before his entrance into college.
While preparing for the ministry, he opened a private school in
the vestry of St. Paul s Church, in his native city ; and, as a
remarkable instance of his perseverance, it may be mentioned, that
for nearly four months he here labored with only three pupils.
His persevering fidelity, however, was soon rewarded ; and he
was compelled to limit his numbers, and deny many applications
for admission. He was ordained a deacon by Bishop Griswold,
in Trinity Church, Boston ; and was admitted to priest s orders
at St. Michael s Church, in Bristol, R.I., 17 May, 1826. Soon
after his ordination, he gave up his school, then in the full tide
of successful experiment, for the beloved object of his heart,
the work of the Christian ministry. His first labors were in the
church in Gardiner, Me. ; but, by the persuasion of his bishop,
he was induced to visit Lenox, in Massachusetts, to attempt
to resuscitate a church then almost extinct in that place. Be
coming interested in this new field of labor, he remained six
years in that beautiful but retired village, instead of a few months
as he expected. From Lenox he removed to Woodstock,
Vt., where he labored for a similar period. He afterwards
labored in Plainfield and other places for three years ; uniting,
as it were, the labors of a pious missionary with those of a faith-

* This production will be found entire in the " Aids to English Composition," a
work prepared by his brother, Richard Greene 1 arker (H.C. 1817), p. 380.

1858-59.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 269

ful parish-priest. In 1842, he removed to the city of New York,
and supplied the Church of the Ascension during the absence of
its rector, the present Bishop of Massachusetts. He subsequent
ly took charge of a church in Flushing, L.I., for six months ;
when he was invited to the scene of his last labors, the "Float
ing Chapel for Seamen," where for more than fifteen years he
labored with singular ability and -fidelity. This was a field of
labor entirely congenial to his taste, and for which he pos
sessed signal qualifications. The hardy mariners, they who
go down to the sea in ships, and behold the wonders of the Lord
on the deep, were met with a sympathy, which, like a key,
opened the secrets of their souls ; and thousands of volumes
Bibles, prayer-books, tracts, religious stories were sent on their
missionary labors in the ships forecastles ; and many a foot, that
came to the chapel to scoff, " remained to pray." His labors
were brought to a sudden close. He died, after an illness of
six days, of congestion of the lungs. His physical sufferings
during this period were intense ; but his mind was clear, tran
quil, and composed. He was fully aware of his situation ; but
his soul, in perfect peace, reposed in Christ. Disdaining all
dependence on his own merits, he trusted solely to the atoning
sacrifice of his Saviour for his acceptance at the mercy-seat ; and,
with simple, childlike faith, he resigned himself wholly to
use his own words "to the adorable, lovely, blessed will of
God ; " and, in this delightful frame of mind, he passed at last,
without a struggle or a groan, to a blissful immortality.

He married, 7 February, 1833, Frances, daughter of the
late Dr. Shirley Erving, a descendant of the celebrated Gov.
Shirley, a lady whose religious sympathies had long been in
unison with his own, and with whom he enjoyed a life of matri
monial harmony, extending over a period of more than a quarter
of a century. She survived him. They had no children.

1825. Dr. CLIFFORD DORR, of Boston, died in the McLean
Asylum, Somerville, Mass., 19 August, 1858, aged 52. He
was son of John and Esther (Goldthwait) Dorr, and was born
in Boston, 2 November, 1805. He was fitted for college at the
public Latin School in Boston. After graduating, he studied


medicine under the instruction of Dr. George Hay ward, of Bos
ton (H.C. 1809) ; and received the degree of M.D. in 1829.
He practised his profession in Braintree and Quincy, Mass., and,
for a short time, in Matagorda, Tex. On the 6th of Septem
ber, 1840, he sailed from New York, as a passenger, in the ship
" Coriolanus," Francis A. Bertody (his brother-in-law), master,
to Sydney, New South Wales ; and returned home by way of
Calcutta and St. Helena ; arriving at New York in January,
1842. In March, 1855, he was seized with a severe paralysis
of the brain ; from which, however, he partially recovered the
following year, and his convalescence continued for five months :
but in December, 1856, he experienced a second attack, which
so affected his mental faculties, that it became necessary to re
move him to the Hospital for the Insane, in Somerville, where
he remained until death closed the scene. He was never mar

1826. Dr. SAMUEL SAWYER died in Cambridge, Mass.,
5 January, 1859, aged 54. He was son of Samuel Flagg and
Patience (Learned) Sawyer, and was born in Cambridge, 20
March, 1804. His father was a mason in Cambridge, and was
born in Sterling, Mass. His mother was a native of Water-
town, Mass., and survived him. After leaving college, he was
for some time employed as a teacher in Chelmsford, Mass. He
then began the study of medicine ; and after going through a
regular course, and receiving the degree of M.D., he settled as
a physician in Fairhaven, Mass., where he practised with good
success for several years. Soon after the discovery of gold in
California, about the year 1849, he was applied to by a company
to go to that place ; which application he accepted, and went
round Cape Horn. On his arrival there, he resumed the prac
tice of his profession, and also kept an apothecary s-shop. After
remaining there about four years, he returned, and settled in
Cambridge, where he passed the remainder of his life. He was
a very successful agent, for a year or two, among the poor in
Cambridge, during which time he published one or two reports.
He was also a member of the city-council; and, in 1857 and
1858, was one of the school-committee. He was highly es-

1858-59.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 271

teemed as a physician and a citizen. He married, 23 Novem
ber, 1833, Miss Lucy Tufts, of Charlestown, Mass., by whom
he had six children, all daughters, who, with their mother,
survive him.

1830. HORATIO SPRAGUE EUSTIS died at his plantation
in Issaquena County, Miss., 5 September, 1858, aged 46.
He was son of Gen. Abraham (H.C. 1804) and Rebecca
(Sprague) Eustis, and was born at Fort Adams, Newport,
R.I., 25 December, 1811. He was fitted for college at Round-
Hill School, Northampton, Mass., under the superintendence
of Joseph Green Cogswell (H.C. 1806) and George Ban
croft (H.C. 1817). After leaving college, he studied law;
went to the West ; and finally settled, as a lawyer, in Natchez,
where he continued in the practice of his profession, with the
exception of an interval of a year or two, until his death. He
married, 10 May, 1838, Catharine, daughter of Henry Chotard,
a planter. He left a widow and ten children, seven sons and
three daughters.

1830. Rev. BARZILLAI FROST died in Concord, Mass.,
8 December, 1858, aged 54. He was born in Effingham, N.H.,
18 June, 1804. He was fitted for college at Exeter (N.H.)
Academy, under the charge of Benjamin Abbot, LL.D. (H.C.
1788), and graduated at that institution with the highest honors.
He then entered the sophomore class at Harvard. While in
college, he held a high rank in his class, and graduated with dis
tinction. On leaving college, he was appointed preceptor of
Framingham Academy, which situation he held two years. In
1832, he entered the Divinity School at Cambridge, where he
completed his theological studies. During this period, he was
appointed instructor in mathematics to the senior class in the
college, in place of Prof. Farrar, who visited Europe for the bene
fit of his health. This situation he filled two years, pursuing his
theological studies at the same time. On leaving the Divinity
School, he began to preach ; and in January, 1836, received an
invitation to settle as pastor of the Unitarian Church and Society
in Barnstable, Mass. ; and, in September of the same year, he
received a call to settle in Northfield, Mass. : both of which


invitations he declined. On the 1st of February, 1837, he was
ordained as colleague with Rev. Ezra Ripley, D.D. (H.C. 1776) ,
over the Unitarian Church and Society in Concord. Dr. Ripley
died 21 September, 1841, at the age of 90 years; and Mr.
Frost continued in the uninterrupted, active, and successful dis
charge of his duties as pastor until the autumn of 1855, when,
in consequence of a severe cold, his lungs became seriously
affected, and he was obliged to relinquish his pastoral duties.
In February, 1856, he sailed for St. Thomas ; and, after spend
ing nearly three months on that island, and on the islands of
Jamaica, Cuba, and St. Croix, he returned to the United States.
He came home by way of Charleston, S.C. ; and reached Con
cord the last of May. His health continuing feeble, he sailed on
the 24th of November for St. Croix, where he passed about five
months ; and, on his return, he visited the Island of Bermuda,
where he remained several weeks. He arrived home the latter
part of June, 1857. His health being still in a very precarious
state, he was obliged, on the 13th of September, 1857, to ask a
dismission, which was granted with great reluctance ; his parish
ioners unanimously expressing on the occasion their great regret
that the interesting relation which had so long existed between
them and their beloved pastor should be terminated, and mani
festing in various ways their strong and affectionate regard for
him. His pastoral relation closed on the 3d of October, 1857.

A few weeks before the termination of his connection with
the church and society, he suffered a severe affliction in the de
parture from this life of his distinguished and excellent parish
ioner, the Hon. Samuel Hoar (H.C. 1802). One of the last,
and probably the very last sermon which he wrote, was that which
he preached on the Sunday after the interment of his lamented
and faithful friend. Though written by Mr. Frost while in a
feeble state of health, it was a full and just tribute to the memory
of a great and good man. For a period of about twenty years,
Mr. Frost performed all the duties of an active, zealous, and
faithful minister. Every good cause found in him an earnest
and efficient friend and advocate. His ministry was a very use
ful and successful one. A satisfactory evidence of this is, that,

1858-59.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 273

during the whole course of his labors at Concord, he secured the
entire respect, and enjoyed the uninterrupted confidence and
friendship, of Samuel Hoar.

On the 24th of November, 1857, Mr. Frost, accompanied
by his faithful and excellent wife, and his youngest son, a very
interesting boy of about ten years of age, sailed from Boston
for Fayal, one of the Azores, in the hope that it might restore
him to health. After remaining at the island about eight
months, he returned to his native shore. Pie arrived at Boston
on the 17th of August, 1858. His visit to Fayal was a most
unfortunate movement. It happened that the weather was, for
a considerable time, cold and chilly : so inclement a season was
never before known at that island. Mr. Frost suffered very
much on account of the cold and dampness ; and it became
manifest that there was little or no chance of his recovery. In
the midst of his suffering, a most distressing affliction befell him,
in the loss of the child who accompanied him. On the 31st of
May, the lovely boy went up a mountain near the residence
of his parents, in company with a party of friends ; and, on
their return, he deviated from the path usually taken, and fell
over a precipice into a ravine about seventy feet deep : by
the fall his spine was broken. After lingering about two days,
he expired in the arms of his distressed mother. Great sympa
thy was manifested on the occasion by the members of the
several very respectable families of Fayal ; and great kindness
was shown to Mr. Frost and his family by all the people, during
their residence on the island.

On the arrival of Mr. Frost at Boston, he was in a very
prostrate condition ; and was borne from the ship to the resi
dence of a friend in the city, where he remained about a week.
He was then carried to Concord, and was there received into
the house of his kind and faithful friend and physician, Dr.
Josiah Bartlett (H.C. 1816). Finding himself in so com
fortable a mansion, among a host of his friends, consisting of
his former parishioners and other esteemed acquaintances, his
spirits revived, and his strength seemed to be considerably
improved. He rode out a few times, and had the satisfaction



of taking a parting look at the places endeared to him as hav
ing been the scenes of the cares and pleasures with which he
was conversant during his Christian ministry. He took great
comfort in being able to see and converse with his dear friends
once more. At length, he began to grow weaker; and, about
the 1st of November, the symptoms of a speedy dissolution
were manifested : but he still lingered until the 8th of Decem
ber, when, in the presence of his wife and son, and his faithful
physician and other dear friends, his spirit took its flight to
another and a better world.

Mr. Frost married, 1 June, 1837, Elmira Stone, youngest
daughter of Daniel and Sally (Buckminster) Stone, of Fra-
mingham. They had four children, two of whom died in infan
cy. Another died in Fayal, under the circumstances above
mentioned. The surviving son graduated at Harvard College
in 1858 ; and became a student-at-law in the office of Hon.
Ebenezer Kockwood Hoar, in Boston (H.C. 1835). This son
stood by the bedside to smooth the pillow and administer to the
wants of his languishing parent. The faithful and affectionate
wife devoted herself, with unremitting care and watchfulness, to
the beloved husband through all the stages of his disease, until
the last moment came, when she closed his eyes, and witnessed
with what faith and hope a Christian could die.

1834. EUGENE FULLER was drowned from on board the
steamship "Empire City," 21 June, 1859, on the passage from
New Orleans to New York via Havana. He was forty-four
years old. He was the eldest son of Hon. Timothy (H.C.
1801) and Margaret (Crane) Fuller, and was born in Cam
bridge, Mass., 14 May, 1815. After leaving college, he
studied law, partly at the Law School in Cambridge, and
partly in the office of George Frederick Farley, Esq., of Gro-
ton, Mass. (H.C. 1816). After his admission to the bar, he
practised his profession two years in Charlestown, Mass. He
afterwards went to New Orleans, and was connected with the
public press of that city. He spent several summers there ;
and, some two or three years ago, was affected by a sun-stroke,
which resulted in a softening of the brain, and ultimately in a

1858-59.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 275

brain-fever, which came very near proving fatal, and left him in
a shattered condition. His friends hoping that medical treat
ment at the North might benefit him, he embarked with an
attendant on board the " Empire City," for New York. When
one day out, his attendant being prostrated with sea-sickness,
Mr. Fuller was left alone, and was not afterwards seen. He
must have been lost overboard. The "New-Orleans Picayune"
of the 30th June, with which he was some time connected, says,
" His industry, reliability, and intelligence were equalled only by
his invariably mild, correct, and gentlemanly demeanor ; and he
was liked and respected by all who knew him."

Mr. Fuller married Mrs. Rotter, a widow lady of New
Orleans, originally of Philadelphia. They had five children,
three sons and two daughters.


1835. Dr. AARON LARKIX LELAXD died in Detroit,
Mich., 14 November, 1858, aged 45. He was son of Jo
seph P. and Tryphena (Richardson) Leland, and was born in
Sherburne, Mass., 21 August, 1813. His mother was daughter
of Dr. Abijah Richardson, of Medway, Mass., a surgeon in the
Revolutionary war. He was fitted for college by Mr. Nathan
Ball (B.U. 1826), and Rev. Amos Clarke (H.C. 1804), of
Sherburne. After leaving college, he pursued his medical stud
ies with Drs. Charles Harrison Stedman and Jerome Van
Crowninshield Smith, of Boston. During his pupilage, he
spent much of his time in various hospitals in the vicinity of
Boston : viz., at the Marine Hospital in Chelsea, of which Dr.
Stedman was then the physician ; at Rainsford Island, of which
Dr. Smith was superintendent, and where Dr. Leland re
mained, and took much of the charge during a season when the
small-pox was very prevalent ; and also at the Lying-in Hospi
tal on Boston Neck. In July, 1839, he removed to Pontiac,
Oakland County, Mich. ; and settled there in the practice of
his profession, in connection with Dr. Isaac Paddack, an old
and esteemed practitioner of that place. In 1847, he removed
to Detroit, where he continued in successful practice until his
death. He was a thorough and scientific practitioner ; having
brought to the aid of discriminating qualities of a high order,


and a judgment of great soundness, minute and extensive read
ing and a wide practice. He deservedly ranked among the
first medical men of the day. In his personal attributes, he
was eminently prudent, thoughtful, reflecting, and sagacious ;
correct in every principle ; of scrupulous uprightness ; prompt
and diligent in his profession ; trustworthy arid punctilious in
every transaction. He won the esteem of all who knew him,
by his urbane manners, his integrity of character, and his hu
mane disposition. He married, 17 June, 1856, Sarah Elizabeth
Livermore, daughter of Hon. Isaac Livermore, of Cambridge,
Mass. He had two children, a son and a daughter. The
former died in infancy : the latter, with her mother, survived

ton, 20 February, 1859, aged 41. He was the fourth son of
Hon. Benjamin William and Mary (Boardrnan) Crowninshield,
and was born in Salem, Mass., 25 February, 1817. He was
fitted for college at Round-Hill School in Northampton,
Mass., under the charge of Joseph Green Cogswell (H.C.
1806) and George Bancroft (H.C. 1817). After leaving
college, he went through a course of legal studies in the office
of Franklin Dexter (H.C. 1812) and William Howard Gardi
ner (H.C. 1816), and was admitted to the bar, but never
practised ; his pecuniary circumstances being such as not to
require him to toil for his daily bread. About the first of
December, 1859, in company with some friends, he went on a
pleasure-excursion to Europe, and returned the next year.
In 1856, he again went to Europe, with the hope that the
voyage would be the means of restoring his health, which had
been for some time previously in a delicate state. He spent the
winter of 1856-7 at Pau, in the south of France ; thence he
went to Madeira, where he passed the winter of 18578 ; and
returned the following June, without having experienced any
permanent relief. He was a gentleman of exceedingly pleasing
manners and prepossessing appearance. Of an equable temper
ament, he had no ambition for public honors or political promi
nence ; but w^as a great lover of literature, and was passionately

1858-59.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 277

fond of books. He had one of the rarest and choicest private
libraries in this part of the country. His taste in bibliography
was exquisite. He wanted not only the best books, but the best
editions. His library was particularly rich in early American
history and biography. He had a copy of the "Bay Psalm
Book," the first book that was printed in New England.
Among other rarities, he had an original copy of Cushman s
"Plymouth Sermon;" "Purchas his Pilgrimes;" Smith s "His
tory of Virginia and New England " (an original copy) ;
" Hypocrisie Unmasked," by Edward Winslow ; Hakluyt s Voy
ages, published in 1582; an original copy of "The Christian
Commonwealth," by John Eliot ; and a similar copy of "Brad
ford and AVinslow s Relation," published in London ; " The
Schoolmaster," by Roger Ascham ; "Coryat s Crudities* of
1611, from the library of the Duke of Sussex; "The Whole
Book of Psalms," by Sternhold and Hopkins ; a book on
angling, by Bernes, bearing date of 1486; the "Nuremburg
Chronicle " of 1493 ; King James s Works ; Dibdin s biblio
graphical works ; and " Samuel Gorton s Answer to Morton s
Memorial," in manuscript.

Mr. Crowninshield read the books he bought, with discrimi
nation and profit. His mind, manners, and language indicated
refinement and scholarship. His whole life was regulated by
good sense, good taste, and good feeling. He secured the
esteem, the confidence, the affection, of all who were sufficiently
acquainted with him to know his true character. He was for
some time a trustee of the Boston Athenaeum, and took a deep
interest in the art-exhibitions of that institution. He was
elected, 11 November, 1858, a member of the Massachusetts
Historical Society ; an honor to which his scholarly acquire
ments and literary taste -justly entitled him. He married, 15
January, 1840, Caroline Maria Welch, daughter of Francis
Welch, Esq., of Boston. They had three children, all sons;
the eldest of whom graduated at Harvard College in 1861.

died in Baltimore, Md., 19 May, 1859, aged 39. He was the
only child of William and Mary (Clark) Briggs, and was


Online LibraryJoseph PalmerNecrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 → online text (page 25 of 49)