minister in Taunton, Mass. About this time, Gen. Lincoln
marched his troops against Shays during the rebellion. Young
Sumner, then about six years old, saw the troops, under Major
Spooner, march from Meeting-House Hill in Roxbury, where
the church now stands in which the Rev. Eliphalet Porter then
preached. From the Roxbury school he was taken away in
1789 ; was placed in the family of his uncle, Charles Cushing
(H.C. 1755), and sent to the writing-school of Master Oliver
Wellington Lane (H.C. 1772), in the westerly part of Boston.
When Gen. Washington visited Boston in that year, the boys
1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 391
of all the schools formed the front lines of the streets through
which he passed ; and Sumner well remembered the dignified
manner in which Washington received the plaudits of the peo
ple in the streets and houses ; and that he, with the rest of the
boys in the school, about seventy in number, carried long
quills with the feathers on ; and, when Washington passed, they
paid him a salute by rolling those quills in their hands. In
1793, he was sent to Phillips Academy in Andover, where he
was fitted for college. He remained there two years. During
the first part of that time, he was under Ebenezer Pember-
ton (N.J. 1765), then under Abiel Abbot (H.C. 1787), and
finally under Mark Newman (D.C. 1793). When he entered
college, in 1795, the rooms in the college buildings were so full,
that for three years he lived in the house of the late Prof.
Wiggles worth. He held a respectable rank of scholarship in
his class. In his senior year, he delivered an English oration
at exhibition. The subject was, "The Spirit of Innovation."
It was a creditable performance. At commencement, the part
assigned to him was a colloquy with John Harris on " The
Importance of a National Character to the United States ; " but,
on account of the death of his father a few weeks before, his
performance was omitted. Immediately after graduating, he
entered the office of Hon. John Davis (H.C. 1781), under
whose instruction he pursued his legal studies ; was admitted to
the bar in 1802, and opened an office at No. 4, Tremont Street,
Boston ; and subsequently removed to Scollay s Building,
where he occupied an office with Judge Davis, when the latter
was appointed judge of the District Court as successor of Judge
Lowell. He early distinguished himself by his successful
defence of John Whiting, of Franklin, who was indicted for
robbing himself, when he was carrying money to be exchanged
in Maine for money of the Franklin Bank, of which he was an
officer. He said he was assailed by robbers, and showed the
holes, in the top of the chaise, made by the bullets which
the pretended robbers fired at him.
Gen. Sumner was aide-de-camp to Governors Strong and
Brooks, to the former in 1806 and from 1813 to 1816, and to
392 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.
the latter from 1816 to 1818, when he was appointed adjutant-
general by Gov. Brooks, and then relinquished the practice
of the law. He held the offices of adjutant-general and quar
termaster-general under Governors Brooks, Eustis, Lincoln,
and Davis, until 1834 ; when, upon his resignation, General
Dearborn was appointed his successor. In 1808, and the eleven
following years, he was one of the representatives of Boston to
the legislature. On the 10th of September, 1814, he was ap
pointed by Governor Strong executive-agent to repair " to the
district of Maine (which was then invaded by the enemy) , and
promptly to provide any practicable means for the defence of
that part of the state." On the same day, the commissioners
for the sea-coast defence (Hon. David Cobb, Timothy Picker
ing, and John Brooks) also confided to him their full power.
In December, 1814, he was appointed by the board of war to
borrow money of the banks to pay off the troops which had
been called out in Maine ; and when it was afterwards proposed
to send three commissioners, two from Massachusetts and one
from Maine, to the general government, to confer with it
upon the measures of defence of the state in future, the mem
bers of the legislature from Maine agreed upon him as their
commissioner to represent the interest of that part of the state.
In 1816, he was sent, with Hon. James Lloyd, to present the
Massachusetts claim to the general government for militia
services. In November, 1826, he was appointed by the secre
tary of w^ar a member of the board of army and militia officers,
of which Gen. Scott was president, to report a plan for the
organization of the militia, and a system of cavalry tactics. In
December, 1831, he contracted for the purchase of Greenough s
half of Noddle s Island (his sister and uncle owning the other
half) , and projected the settlement of it as a part of the city of
Boston ; and, with other gentlemen, founded and put in opera
tion the East-Boston Company, which thus came into possession
of the whole island, and under auspices of which the improve
ments which have given East Boston its present measure of
prosperity have been carried on. Since that time, he has done
much for the welfare and adornment of the place. A few years
1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 393
since, he gave land to the value of six thousand dollars, the
income to be applied to setting out shade-trees on the island.
He also gave land to the value of eighteen or twenty thousand
dollars for the erection of a library-building by the library-asso
ciation which bears his name, and to which he gave his own
private library. He wrote a very elaborate history of East
Boston, comprising eight hundred pages, with numerous en
gravings. He was a member of the Massachusetts Historical
He married, first, 4 October, 1826, Mrs. Mary Ann Perry,
daughter of Hon. James DeYTolf, of Bristol, R.I., and widow
of Raymond H. J. Perry, brother of Commodore O. H. Perry :
she died 14 July, 1835. He married, second, 13 December,
1836, Mrs. Maria Foster Greenough, daughter of Elisha Doane,
of Cohasset, and widow of David Stoddard Greenough, of Ja
maica Plain : she died 14 November, 1843. He married, third,
18 April, 1848, Mary Dickinson Kemble, of New York,
daughter of Peter Kemble, grand-daughter of Gen. Cadwallader,
and niece of Gov. Thomas Gage. She survived him. He had
no children by any of his wives.
1800. Rev. DANIEL KIMBALL died in Needham, Mass.,
17 January, 1862, aged 83 years. He was son of Lieut.
Daniel and Elizabeth (Tenney) Kimball, and was born in
Bradford, Mass., 3 July, 1778. Until he was sixteen years
old, he worked on his father s farm in summer, and attended the
district school in winter. He was fitted for college at Atkinson
Academy, N.H., under the instruction of John Yose (D.C.
1795). He held a respectable rank in his class, and graduated
with honors. After leaving college, he was assistant-teacher in
Sandwich Academy one year. For the next six months, he had
charge of a school in his native town. He then returned to
Cambridge as a theological student, under the direction of Rev.
David Tappan, D.D. (H.C. 1771), Hollis Professor of Divin
ity ; was approbated, and began preaching in the spring or
summer of 1803 : and, on taking his degree of master of arts
that year, he pronounced the Latin valedictory oration. At the
same time, he was appointed tutor for the Latin department.
394 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.
This office he held two years ; and, on resigning it, he returned
to Bradford, where he resided more than two years, supplying
vacant parishes, and giving what were termed "labors of love,"
pursuing theological and miscellaneous reading and study. In
August, 1808, he was appointed preceptor of Derby Academy,
in Hingham, Mass., where he remained until the spring of
1826. In addition to the duties of preceptor, he often preached,
sometimes in neighboring pulpits in supply, or giving " labors
of love." He was ordained at Hingham, as an evangelist,
17 December, 1817. In the spring of 1826, he removed to
Needham, where he purchased a farm, and opened a boarding
and day school for children of both sexes, which he continued
until 1848, devoting himself at the same time to agricultural
pursuits. His published works were, A Lecture in Poetry on
Temperance ; also another Address on Temperance, on the 4th of
July ; An Address before the Peace Society at Hingham, of
which he was president ; a Sermon on Unitarianism, preached at
Milton, Mass., where he supplied the pulpit at intervals for a
few years ; a Discourse before the American Institute of In
struction, at the State House, on the Employment of Female
He was president of the Needham Lyceum for twenty-five
years, and was for nearly as many years chairman of the school-
committee. He was a representative to the state legislature in
1846. In his religious principles he was a firm Unitarian. He
was highly respected as a man of unblemished character, a kind
friend, a hospitable neighbor, and a devoted husband and
He married, 23 March, 1808, Betsey Gage, of Bradford,
daughter of Peter and Mary (Webster) Gage, descended, 011
her father s side, from Major Benjamin Gage, an officer in
the American army in the struggle for our national indepen
dence. The children of this marriage were as follows (all
born in Hingham) : 1. Elizabeth Tenny, born 23 March, 1810 ;
died 2 April, 1833. 2. Harriet Webster, born 1 December,
1812 (afterwards widow of John M. Washburn). 3. Daniel,
bom 1 October, 1814 ; died 17 December, 1827 (was fitted for
1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 895
college at the time of his death). 4. Benjamin Gage, born
5 May, 1816 (H.C. 1837). 5. Mary Jane, bora 19 October,
1817 (now wife of Hon. James Ritchie, of Roxbury) (H.C.
1835). 6. Henry Colman, born 25 February, 1820 (H.C.
1840). 7. Charles David Tenny, born 6 September, 1821;
died at Hingham, 24 July, 1822. 8. Charlotte Sophia (Mrs.
Hoadley), born 31 July, 1823; died at Lancaster, 12 June,
1848. 9. Clara Anna, born 7 January, 1825 ; died at Need-
ham, 25 December, 1847. Mr. KimbalFs wife survived him.
1801. HENRY NEWMAN died in Boston, 28 July, 1861,
aged 78 years. He was son of Henry and Deborah (Gushing)
Newman, and was born in Boston, 16 May, 1783. His father
was a distinguished merchant. His mother was daughter of
Hon. Thomas Gushing (H.C. 1744), representative of Boston,
and speaker of the house, in 1763 ; when he so warmly espoused
the cause of his country in the disputes with Great Britain, that
Dr. Johnson in his "Taxation No Tyranny," speaking of the
Americans, said, "If their rights are inherent and under! ved,
they may, by their own suffrages, encircle with a diadem the
brows of Mr. Gushing." He was also lieutenant-governor of
the state. The subject of this notice was fitted for college at the
Boston Latin School. While in college, his father became in
volved in consequence of speculations in Georgia lands, and
President Willard generously paid a part of young Newman s
college dues. Immediately after graduating, he entered as an
apprentice in a merchant s store, but soon relinquished the
situation ; began the study of law with Hon. Thomas Dawes
(H.C. 1777), and completed his legal studies with Hon. Wil
liam Prescott (H.C. 1783). Soon after his admission to the
bar, he went to the South, and spent most of the time for twenty
years in Washington and other southern cities ; being engaged
in securing the family property in the Georgia lands, and obtain
ing remuneration through the government at Washington. He
was also agent for Joseph Blake, and several others, who had
claims for lands in Virginia and other southern states. This
led him to great intimacy with many eminent gentlemen at
Washington, among others, Gen. Jackson, who treated him
396 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.
with creat kindness. He thus obtained an exhaustless fund of
information concerning those gentlemen, which rendered him a
very interesting companion.
A few years ago, when a committee of the Alumni of Har
vard College was appointed to raise funds for the college library,
the chairman of the committee, the late Thomas (jr. Gary, called
on Mr. Newman to ask him to take charge of the subscription
in his class. He readily accepted the office ; and, without any
special solicitation, handed Mr. Gary his check for five hundred
dollars as his own subscription, saying that he was not so well
able to give as he had once been, having lost some of his prop
erty ; and that he wished to contribute while he was yet able,
as further losses might put it out of his power to do so : thus
giving, as a reason for subscribing, what many would have con
sidered an ample excuse for refusing to give at all. He was
remarkable for his constant and unostentatious charities. He
was a member of the Cincinnati Society, through his uncle,
Capt. Samuel Newman, who was an officer of distinction in
the revolutionary war, and was killed, under Gen. Sinclair, in
a battle with the Indians. His manners were highly finished
and gentle, of the old school. Never was a more kind-hearted
man, a more devoted son, or affectionate brother. He was
1802. Deacon SAMUEL GREELE, of Boston, died in
Swampscott, Mass., where he went to pass the summer,
16 August, 1861, aged 78 years. He was son of Samuel and
Olive (Kead) Greele, and was born in Wilton, N.H., 3 July,
1783. He was fitted for college at the academy in New Ips
wich, N.H. After graduating, he studied divinity with Rev.
Jonathan French, of Andover, Mass. (H.C. 1771). He
preached for several years, but was never ordained as a minister
over any society ; and he resigned the sacred profession, much
against his will, on account of temporary ill health. He then
became a devoted and useful teacher. He was for some time
preceptor of an academy in Marblehead. He then removed to
Boston, where he taught a private school -from 1816 to 1822.
In 1825, he entered into partnership with John Baker, under the
18G1-G2.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 39?
firm of Baker and Grccle, in the business of manufacturing print
ing-types. This firm was dissolved in 1827 ; and, the next year,
Mr. Greele took into partnership Mr. Henry Willis ; and they
continued the business, under the firm of Greele and Willis, until
1832, when Mr. Greele retired from active business. He was
a devoted member of various charitable and benevolent institu
tions. He was an officiating deacon in the Federal-street
church for nearly fifty years, first under the ministry of Rev.
Dr. Channing, and subsequently under Rev. Dr. Gannett. His
steady and sincere adherence to the liberal faith, through all the
fluctuations of time and opinion, was remarkable. He was a
faithful worker in the American Unitarian Association. He
was elected a representative from Boston in the state legislature
in 1838, 1840, 1841, 1842, and 1843. He was a member of
the board of aldermen in Boston in 1834, 1835, and 1836.
He was the friend and associate of the young, his heart being
always youthful ; and nothing pleased him better than the so
ciety of little children. His fund of anecdote, geniality of
temper, and unfailing flow of spirits, made him the most agree
able of visitors and companions. His perfectly regular habits,
yearly journeyings, and equanimity of temper, no doubt con
tributed to his long life. He was always surrounded by the
most untiring and devoted love ; and he passed away in sweet
patience, without a murmur.
He married, 3 May, 1812, Lydia Maria Sewall, daughter
of Chief-Justice Samuel Sewall, of Marblehead (H.C. 1776).
She died in Boston, 11 August, 1822, in the 32d year of her
age, leaving no children. He married for his second wife, 19
October, 1823, Louisa May, daughter of Col. Joseph May, of
Boston. She died 14 November, 1828, at the age of 36 years,
having had two children, a son and a daughter. The son
graduated at Harvard College in 1844. He married for his
third wife, 18 October, 1831, Maria Antoinette Paine, daughter
of Hon. Eobert Treat Paine, of Boston (H.C. 1749). She
died 26 March, 1842, aged 58 years, leaving no children. He
married for his fourth wife, 8 October, 1844, Sarah Follansbee
Emerson, of ]S T ewburyport, who survived him.
398 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.
1802. Kev. CHARLES WELLINGTON died iir Tcmpleton,
Mass., 3 August, 1861, aged 81 years. He was the sixth
child and fifth son of William and Mary (Whitney) Welling
ton, and was born in Waltham, Mass., 20 February, 1780.
His parents had eight sons and five daughters. One of these
sons, Isaac, was drowned while a member of the senior class in
Harvard College, 12 November, 1796. No other death took
place among these children till more than fifty years afterwards.
The subject of this notice was fitted for college partly at New-
Salem Academy, and partly by Rev. Charles Stearns, D.D., of
Lincoln, Mass. (H.C. 1773). About the time of graduation,
he, with others, consulted Rev. David Tappan (H.C. 1771),
Hollis Professor of Divinity, about their theological studies,
and obtained from him a recommendation of a list of books for
perusal for that purpose. But Dr. Tappan died 27 August,
1803 ; and Dr. Henry Ware (H.C. 1785) was not appointed to
succeed him until May, 1805. These young men, therefore,
pursued their studies alone, as resident graduates ; meeting
together occasionally for reading of essays, and comparison of
He was ordained pastor of the Unitarian church in Tcmple
ton, 25 February, 1807, as successor of Rev. Ebenezer Spar-
hawk (H.C. 1756), who was born in what is now Brighton,
15 June, 1738 ; was ordained 18 November, 1761 ; and died 25
November, 1805, aged 67 years. Dr. Wellington continued his
ministerial relation to his society until his death, a period of
more than fifty-four years. About 1839, his health began to
fail, so much as to interrupt the constancy of his public services ;
and temporary provision was made for his aid : but he supplied
the pulpit most of the time until 1843, when arrangements were
made for the settlement of a colleague, and, 24 February, 1844,
Rev. Norwood Damon was ordained as his assistant. Mr. Da
mon resigned his ministry, 1 November, 1845 ; and the supply of
the pulpit was resumed by the senior partner. He preached
most of the time until August, 1846. On the 13th of January,
1847, Rev. Edwin Goodhue Adams was ordained as his col
league ; where he still continues. On the 25th June, 1857, Dr.
1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 399
Wellington preached a half-century sermon from his ordination.
It was printed as prepared for the anniversary-day, four months
before ; from which time it was postponed on account of the
author s ill health. A very large concourse of parishioners
and of other friends assembled on the occasion, and made most
gratifying testimonials of esteem and affection in which they had
held their aged pastor. In his sermon he gives a brief and very
modest account of his labors. His influence as a minister was
second to that of no one in the western section of Worcester
county. That influence was always exerted in favor of religious
and civil freedom, of Christian order, and scriptural piety. In
1854, the honorary degree of doctor of divinity was conferred
upon him by Harvard College.
Dr. Wellington married, 29 June, 1807, Anna Smith,
of Boston. The issue of this marriage was three sons and six
daughters, of whom two sons and all the daughters survived
their father. The two surviving sons graduated at Harvard
College in 1838 and 1846 respectively. His wife died
24 April, 1830 ; and he married for his second wife, 27
July, 1831, Adelaide Russell, of Templeton, who survived
him. By his second wife he had one child, a daughter, who died
1804. Dr. JONATHAN WILD died in Braintree, Mass.,
6 December, 1862, aged 77 years. He was the oldest child of
Jonathan and Deborah (Wild) Wild, and was born in South
Wcymouth, Mass., 3 April, 1784; but, when he was about a
year old, his parents removed to Braintree, where they lived
and died. His father was the son of Capt. Silas Wild, and
his mother was the daughter of Micah Wild, all of Braintree.
Young AVild was fitted for college under the instruction of Rev.
Dr. Jonathan Strong, of Randolph (D.C. 1786). After gradu
ating, he studied medicine with Dr. Ebenezer Alden, of West
Randolph, father of the present Dr. Ebenezer Alden (H.C.
1808), of Randolph. After completing his studies, he settled
in Braintree, where he continued in active and successful prac
tice until 1844, when he retired from the profession. His per
sonal interests were seriously affected by his too-indulgent
400 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.
leniency towards his patients ; for, had he been more rigid in
exacting his dues for his professional services, he would have
become a wealthy man ; but he suffered his accounts to remain
uncollected, much to his pecuniary detriment.
He married, first, 12 December, 1811, Nancy Lynfield, of
Randolph, by whom he had three children, all daughters,
of whom one only survived him. His wife died 23 August, 1827.
He married for his second wife, 11 February, 1830, Livia D.
Thaycr, of Braintree, sister of Col. Sylvanus Thayer (D.C.
1807), the distinguished engineer, an officer in the Military
Academy at West Point. By his second wife he had three
children, two daughters and one son, of whom one daugh
ter deceased before him. The other two children, with their
mother, survived him.
1806. Rev. WILLIAM TURNER TORREY died in Madison,
Lake county, O. , 29 October, 1861, aged 75 years. He was the
second son of James and Eunice (Turner) Torrey, and was born
in Kingston, Mass., 5 February, 1786. His mother was the
eldest daughter of Rev. Charles Turner (H.C. 1752), who
was born in Scituate, Mass., 3 September, 1732 ; was ordained
at Duxbury, Mass., 23 July, 1755 ; dismissed 10 April, 1775 ;
was afterwards chaplain of Castle William, and senator in the
state legislature: died in the town of Turner, Me., August,
1818, aged 86 years. A classmate of the subject of this notice
has furnished some particulars of his life, from which we extract
the following: "Torrey entered college in 1802. During all
the term of his collegiate course his moral character was un
blamable, his diligence in study exemplary, his standing in the
class highly respectable. He graduated with collegiate honors.
After he received his degree, he studied theology under Rev.
Dr. John Reed, of West Bridgewater (Y.C. 1772). Dr.
Reed was a decided Unitarian ; and Torrey, at that time, was
of the same sentiments. Soon after he was licensed to preach,
he took charge of the only Congregational church in New Bed
ford, but was not ordained. It was when the Unitarian con
troversy, early in this century, was at its height ; when the
odium theologicum pervaded many of the religious societies of
1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 401
this order in Massachusetts. It may not be too strong an
expression to say, that it raged at that time in New Bedford.
The church and society were split between the two factions.
The majority of the church technically so called separated
from the society, and held distinct worship at another place ;
while the society, as a body, continued in the old place of wor
ship, and adhered to Unitarianism.
" Torrey, a young man, undrilled and unskilled in ecclesiastic
tactics, found himself, in this logomachy, in a moral, or rather
immoral, atmosphere, not congenial with his natural disposition,
which was full of benevolence to all. His situation became
unpleasant ; and he finally removed to Canandaigua, in New
York, and was settled over a Unitarian society there. [He was
ordained at Marlborough, Mass., in January or February, 1812,
as minister of the Congregational church in Canandaigua, and
resigned in the latter part of the year 1817.] He could
not have been settled there long, when he experienced a
change of religious feeling and of religious views, and became
as orthodox in sentiment (using the term in its claimed and
generally accepted sense) as before he was liberal. As was to
be expected, he did not continue over the church in Canandaigua
long after this. He was installed 1 January, 1818, in Ply
mouth, Mass., near his native town; and resigned 12 March,
1823. His heart was naturally a loving one ; and his new
views, if possible, increased the intensity of this love to all.
Free from dogmatism, yet was he earnest and sincere. This
charity, in its true sense, and his full belief in what he viewed
all-important in religion, prompted him to revisit his former
associates of the liberal order, and to kind efforts to convince
them of their doctrinal errors ; which met with but little success."
From Plymouth, Mr. Torrey went to Newport, R.I., where