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Prof. Edwards in the preparation of a work on classical studies,
containing essays on classical subjects, mostly translated from
the German. He assisted Prof. Longfellow in the preparation
of the "Poets and Poetry of Europe," which appeared in 1845.
In 1847, editions of the " Panegyricus " of Isocrates, and of the
" Agamemnon " of ^Eschylus, with introductions and English
notes, were published by him. A second edition of the former
appeared in 1854, and of the latter in 1859. In 1849, he trans
lated, from the French, the work of Prof. Guyot on physical



424 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.

geography, called " The Earth and Man ; " and, in the same
year, he published an edition of the "Birds" of Aristophanes,
with an introduction and English notes, which was republished
in England. In 1852, he edited a selection from the writings of
Prof. Popkin, his predecessor in the Eliot professorship, with
an introductory biographical notice. In the same year, he pub
lished a volume of selections from the Greek historians, arranged
in the order of events. The period from April, 1853, to May,
1854, was spent by him in a European tour ; in the course of
which he visited Great Britain, France, Germany, Switzerland,
Italy, and Greece ; giving about five months to the last-named
country, visiting its most interesting localities, and carefully
studying its architectural remains. In 1855, he revised, for pub
lication in the United States, Smith s "History of Greece," adding
a preface, notes, and a continuation from the Eoman conquest to
the present time. In the same year, an edition of Lord Carlisle s
" Diary in Turkish and Greek Waters " was prepared by him for
the American press, with notes, illustrations, and a preface. In
1856, a selection by him from modern Greek writers, in prose
and verse, was published. Besides the above, he compiled
an elementary work on Greek and Roman metres ; was the au
thor of a life of Gen. Eaton, in Sparks s "American Biography;"
of various occasional addresses ; and of numerous contributions
to the " North- American Review," "Christian Examiner," and
other periodical publications. A series of vigorous articles on
spiritualism, which appeared in the "Boston Courier" in 1857 8,
were understood to have proceeded from his pen. He delivered
three courses of lectures before the Lowell Institute in Boston,
on subjects connected with the history and literature of Greece.
In the summer of 1858, he made a second visit to Europe, partly
on account of his impaired health, and partly to complete some
investigations into the language, topography, and education of
Greece. He was a member of the Massachusetts Board of Edu
cation , and one of the regents of the Smithsonian Institution ; a
member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of
the Massachusetts Historical Society ; and a corresponding
member of the Archa3ological Society of Athens. The degree



1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 425

of doctor of laws was conferred upon him by Amherst College
in 1848. He was a gentleman of genial and social habits, and
was warmly loved by a large circle of friends.

He married, in the summer of 1838, Mary Whitney, daugh
ter of Asa Whitney, a merchant of Boston. She died 12 April,
1845, leaving two daughters. He married, for his second wife,
28 September, 1846, Mary Louisa Gary, daughter of Hon.
Thomas Greaves and Mary (Perkins) Gary, of Boston. By
his second wife he had two sons and one daughter, who, with
their mother, survived him.

1829. JOSIAH QUINCY LORIXG died in Weston, Mass.,
6 April, 1862, aged 51 years, lacking four days. He was the
youngest son of Elijah and Abigail (Rand) Loring, and was
born in Boston, 10 April, 1811. He was a pupil of the some
what celebrated Lawson Lyon, of Boston (H.C. 1805) ; but
subsequently entered the Boston Latin School. At this school
he was fitted for college. He entered in 1825. He left college
at the end of his sophomore year ; but rejoined his class at the
beginning of his senior year, and graduated with them. In
November, 1829, he entered the Law School at Cambridge.
Here he remained one year ; when he relinquished the study of
the law, and passed the winter of 183031 in Boston, pursuing
some favorite mathematical studies with Rev. Tilly Brown Hay-
ward, of Boston (H.C. 1820). In the summer of 1831, he
taught a school at Jamaica Plain, Roxbury ; and in the autumn
following went into his father s counting-room, having at length
reached the occupation he had most desired. He did not, how
ever, long pursue mercantile business. He finally removed
to Weston, where he had purchased a farm ; and was engaged in
agriculture the remainder of his life. He was possessed of excel
lent natural gifts, of a fine literary taste, and of many scholarly
acquirements. He was a man of the most unbending integrity,
of a high sense of honor, and of most benevolent feelings, man
ifesting themselves in many a generous deed. If he had faults,
others were not made the sufferers, except as they sympathized
with his suffering and pain. Intimately known to but few,
those few will never forget his many kind and generous qualities.

54



426 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.

He married, 27 December, 1849, Miss Christian W. Eenton,
daughter of Dr. Peter Renton, of Boston. They had four chil
dren ; of whom three, with their mother, survived him.

1831. ALEXANDER RAMSAY BEADLEY died in Fryeburg,
Me., 16 February, 1862, aged 52 years. He was the third
son of Robert and Abigail (Bailey) Bradley, and was born in
Fryeburg, 5 November, 1809. His father was born in Con
cord, N.H., 17 June, 1772; removed to Fryeburg in 1801,
where he resided until his death. His great-great-grandfather,
Samuel Bradley, was killed by the Indians, near Concord, N.H.,
11 August, 1746. His maternal grandfather was Col. Ward
Bailey, of Lemington, Vt. ; and his maternal grandmother was
Mary Sargeant, sister of Hon. Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant
(H.C. 1750), formerly chief-justice of the Supreme Court of
Massachusetts. The early studies of young Bradley were pur
sued under the instruction of Rev. Benjamin Glazier Willcy
(Bowd. C. 1822), of Conway, N.H. ; in whose house he passed
several years, preparatory to entering Phillips Academy in Ex
eter, N.H., where he was fitted for college. While in college,
he was remarkable for his social amenity, and for his athletic
characteristics. After graduating, he pursued his professional
studies in the office of his uncle, Col. Samuel Ayer Bradley
(D.C. 1799), who was, at that time, in partnership with John
S. Barrows, Esq., of Fryeburg. He there acquired a good
knowledge of law as a science, although having a distaste
for the practice, as he had also for the details of business ; the
characteristics of his mind being rather for general literary pur
suits. In 1835, on motion of Hon. Charles Stewart Daveis,
he was admitted to the bar ; but, for some years, was engaged
in the speculations in timber-lands, in which, at that time, the
fortunes of so many were embarked. More fortunate, if not
wiser, than numbers who make similar ventures, he returned to
the practice of law with some small capital yet remaining ; and
thenceforth attended to his professional duties, without much in
terruption, until the time of his death. His practice, though
somewhat extensive, both in his own state and in New Hamp
shire, was never a source of much profit to himself; the chief



1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 427

reason of which was his neglect of keeping proper accounts,
and collecting his dues. In his social and domestic relations,
he was fortunately and happily situated. He married, Novem
ber, 1835, Mary O. Barrows, daughter of William Barrows,
Esq., of Yarmouth, Me. ; by whom he had thirteen children,
ten sons and three daughters. Two sons and two daughters
died at an early age. His wife died 27 December, 1861.
There are eight sons and one daughter living. The first and
second sons graduated in the same class at Bowdoin College in
1858 ; the elder of whom, Samuel Ayer Bradley, is now pro
fessor of mathematics in Western Union College, Fulton, 111. :
the second, Alexander Stuart Bradley, who has been engaged
in surveying western government-lands for the last two or three
years, came home in the fall of 1861 to see his sick parents ; and,
in consequence of their decease, remained to take care of the
younger members of the family, and pursued the study of law.

The attachment of Mr. Bradley for his wife was one that
years, and the care and trouble attendant upon providing for a
large family, never diminished, but strengthened ; and her death,
which occurred after a lingering illness of consumption, entirely
prostrated him. He seldom left his room after that event ; and
there is no doubt that the final attack of the disorder which
proved fatal to him was brought on by excessive grief at her
loss. A week before his death, it was-evident that the faculties
of his mind were giving way ; and he did not regain posses
sion of them during life ; passing into total unconsciousness a
few hours before he expired. All who were intimate with him
bore testimony to the unusual amount of general knowledge
which he possessed, which rendered him exceedingly entertaining
and instructive in his social intercourse with them ; and to his
high character as an honorable and upright man.

1832. Rev. CHARLES MASON died in Boston, 23 March,
1862, aged 49 years. He was son of Hon. Jeremiah (Y.C.
1788) and Mary (Means) Mason, and was born in Portsmouth,
N.H., 25 July, 1812. His father, who was an eminent jurist,
and one of the most brilliant members of the bar, was born in
Lebanon, Conn., 27 April, 1768 ; and died in Boston, 14 Octo-



428 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.

her, 1848. The subject of this notice was fitted for college by
Rev. Andrew Preston Peabody (H.C. 1826). He held a high
rank of scholarship in his class, and graduated with honors.
After leaving college, he began the study of theology at the
seminary at Andover, and completed his course of studies at
the New- York Episcopal Seminary. He was ordained as dea
con, in Boston, 31 July, 1836. He was inducted rector of the
Episcopal church in Salem, Mass., 31 May, 1837, where he
continued a faithful and beloved teacher of the gospel until
30 May, 1847, when he resigned his pastoral charge, and
removed to Boston. He was inducted rector of Grace Church,
in Temple Street, Boston, in September, 1847. Being pos
sessed of a competence, his generous nature was evinced by the
fact, that he gave his entire salary back to the church. No cler
gyman in the city probably labored more earnestly than he to
advance the cause of religion. He was of an amiable and
social disposition, a kind husband and parent. The honorary
degree of doctor of divinity was conferred upon him by Harvard
College in 1858 ; and he received the like honor from Trinity
College in Hartford, Conn., the same year. He was elected a
member of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 10 November,
1859.

He married, 11 June, 1838, Susan Lawrence, daughter of
Amos Lawrence, of Boston, by whom he had three daughters
and one son. His wife died 2 December, 1844. He married
for his second wife, 9 August, 1849, Anna Huntington Lyman,
of Northampton, Mass. ; by whom he had two daughters and
one son. All his children and his second wife survived him.

1833. THOMAS BUTLER POPE died at his residence in
Appleton Place, Roxbury, near Longwood, 15 January, 1862,
aged 48 years, lacking seven days. He was son of Lemuel and
Sally Belknap (Russell) Pope, and was born in Boston, 22 Jan
uary, 1814. His father was a very respectable citizen, and, for
many years, president of the Boston Insurance Company. He
died in Roxbury in 1851. His mother was sister of the late
Nathaniel Pope Russell, Esq., and second cousin of Rev. Dr.
Jeremy Belknap. He was fitted for college at the Boston Latin



1861- 62.J OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 429

School, and entered at the beginning of the sophomore year.
His course in college was acceptable. After graduating, he en
tered the Law School of the University, and subsequently studied
in the office of Hon. Charles Greely Loring, of Boston (H.C.
1812). In the summer of 1836, he was admitted to the Suffolk
bar, and began to practise. In 1840, he formed a partnership
with Charles Henry Parker (H.C. 1835), which continued until
1853, and then terminated on that gentleman becoming treasurer
of the Suffolk Savings Bank.

Though beginning the practice of law under good auspices,
and, in some respects, manifesting proficiency, he was tempted
to enter into speculations quite foreign to his profession. In
this he simply followed the example of many other lawyers :
but, with him, his ventures met with disasters ; and, being con
tinued, resulted in bankruptcy of fortune, though his probity
was unscathed. His affairs were so much embarrassed in 1858,
the year when his class celebrated their " silver wedding," that
he was with difficulty induced to attend the meeting. In 1859,
he went into insolvency. His pecuniary misfortunes preyed
upon him, and, it was thought, somewhat affected his mind for
several of the last years of his life. The disease of which he
finally died was softening of the brain, which began to come on,
it was thought, about two years before his death. On the 1st
of April, 1861, whilst riding from Boston, he was seized with
an attack of paralysis, affecting his lower limbs. He was con
veyed to his home, and never left it again. After lingering
more than nine months, he died.

He married, 3 June, 1846, Gertrude, daughter of the late
John Binney, Esq., of Boston, who survived him. He left also
three daughters, Gertrude Binney, born 1847 ; Louisa Bin
ney, born 1855 ; and Mary Binney, born 1858.

1837. Dr. JOHN FOSTER WILLIAMS LANE died in Boston,
25 August, 1861, aged 44 years. He was son of Frederick
and Eliza (Bonner) Lane, and was born in Boston, 14 June,
1817. He was fitted for college at the Boston Latin School,
where a Franklin medal was awarded to him in 1831. He left
the school at that time; and, being only thirteen years of age,



430 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.

his parents, thinking he was too young to enter college, sent
him to Europe ; and he spent two years in Italy and France,
studying the modern languages. He returned in 1833, and en
tered the freshman class. He attained a high rank of scholar
ship in his class, and graduated with distinction. After leaving
college, he studied medicine under the instruction of Dr. Wins-
low Lewis (H.C. 1819). On receiving his degree of M.D.,
he established himself in Boston, where he soon acquired an
extensive practice. His prospects were flattering for attaining
an eminent rank in his profession ; but he was very suddenly cut
off in the prime of life. He married, 3 June, 1849, Phebe A.
Stewart, of Boston, who survives him. He had no children.

1837. DAVID HENRY THOREAU died in Concord, Mass.,
6 May, 1862, aged 44 years. He was son of John and Cyn
thia (Dunbar) Thoreau, and was born in Concord, 12 July,
1817. His father, who was a pencil-maker, son of John and
Jeannie (Burns) Thoreau, was born in Boston. His grand
father came from St. Helier, on the Island of Jersey, and was
of French origin. A Burns left property in Sterling, Scot
land, to his wife, the said Jeannie Burns, and said it was worth
attending to ; but the papers to obtain it, though three attempts
were made, never reached Scotland. This was about fifty years
ago. His grandfather had a brother Philip in the Island of
Jersey. He was a cooper ; but business was dull ; and he
shipped as a sailor on board a vessel in which John Adams
went to France, in the American revolution. He came to this
country about 1773. After the termination of the war, he
went into business at No. 45, Long Wharf, Boston, in a very
small way, in company with a Mr. Phillips, under the firm of
Thoreau and Phillips. He accumulated a large property, and
removed to Concord, where he died of consumption about one
year afterwards, in consequence of a cold caught in patrolling
the streets in Boston, in a heavy rain in the night, when a
Catholic riot was expected, about 1801. His first wife died
not long before he did ; and he married a Miss Kettle, of Con
cord, sometimes spelled Kettell, by whom he had no children.
Mr. Thoreau s mother was daughter of Asa and Mary (Jones)



1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 431

Dunbar, and was born in Kcene, N.H. Her mother belonged
to the Jones family of Weston. Her father, Rev. Asa Dun-
bar (H.C. 1767), was a minister in Salem, and afterwards a
lawyer in Keene, an eminent freemason; died 22 June, 1787,
aged 42 years, and was buried with masonic honors. Young
Thoreau was fitted for college at Concord Academy by Phineas
Allen (H.C. 1825). While in college, he kept school six
weeks in Canton, and boarded with Orestes A. Brownson.
They studied the German reader together very industriously,
and talked philosophy till eleven o clock, nights. Thoreau
became sick, and was obliged to leave his school. This was in
his junior year. After graduating, he taught the public school
a few weeks ; then a private school in Concord two or three
years. Not long afterwards, he spent six months as a private
tutor in the family of William Emerson (H.C. 1818), on Sta-
ten Island, N.Y. For two years at one time, and one year at
another, he was a member of the family of Ralph Waldo
Emerson (H.C. 1821) in Concord. With the exception of the
six months at Staten Island, he resided constantly in Concord,
leading chiefly an agricultural and literary life ; supporting him
self by his own hands, being a pencil-maker ; often employed as
a painter, surveyor, and carpenter. Nearly every year, he made
an excursion on foot to the woods and mountains in Maine, New
Hampshire, New York, and other places. For two years and
two months continuously, he lived by himself in a small house
or hut of his own building, about a mile and a half from Con
cord village. He was well known to the public as the author
of two remarkable books, "A Week on the Concord and Merri-
mack Rivers," published in 1849 ; and " Waklen, or Life in the
Woods," published in 1854. These books have never had a
wide circulation, but are well known to the best readers, and
have exerted a powerful influence on an important class of ear
nest and contemplative persons. He led the life of a philoso
pher, subordinating all other pursuits and so-called duties to his
pursuit of knowledge, and to his own estimate of duty. He
was a man of firm mind and direct dealing ; never disconcerted,
and not to be turned, by any inducement, from his own course.



432 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.

He had a penetrating insight into men with whom he conversed,
and was not to be deceived or used by any party, and did not
conceal his disgust at any duplicity. As he was incapable of
the least dishonesty or untruth, he had nothing to hide ; and
kept his haughty independence to the end. He was never
married.

1841. CHARLES FREDERICK SIMMONS was lost at sea, in
February or March, 1862, at the age of 41 years. He was the
youngest son of Hon. William (H.C. 1804) and Lucia (Ham-
matt) Simmons, and was born in Boston, 27 January, 1821.
His father was born in Hanover, Mass., 9 July, 1782 ; was a
lawyer in Boston, and for many years one of the judges of the
Police Court; and died 17 June, 1843, aged 61 years. His
mother was a native of Plymouth. He was a school-boy at
the Latin School in Boston, and nearly ready to enter college,
when ill health compelled an absence for several months of
country life : his preparatory studies were finished under the
direction of his brother, the Eev. George Frederick Simmons
(H.C. 1832) ; and he entered Harvard College in 1837. After
the usual college course, he studied law in the office of David A.
Simmons ; and except as interrupted by ill health, at one time,
in his early professional life, being from this cause absent for
three years from his office, he was in general practice as a
lawyer in Boston, devoting himself during the last three years
chiefly to conveyancing, and to the law of real estate. At an
early period of the war, he received a commission as adjutant
of the Fourteenth Massachusetts Volunteers, when he gave all
his energy to the formation of that regiment. The exposures
and hardships of military life were cheerfully borne by him ;
but a long march with his regiment, in severely cold and
stormy weather, proved too much for his physical strength :
from the ill effects of this march he never recovered. After a
long furlough, during which he hoped, in vain, quickly to regain
his customary health, he resigned his commission, and, for the
benefit of a sea voyage, left Boston, in the English brig
"Gypsy," on the 25th of February, 1862, for St. Jago, Cuba.
Violent gales swept along the Atlantic coast during the early



1861-62.] OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 433

part of March, and in these the brig must have foundered :
after her departure from Boston, no tidings of the brig, her
passengers, her crew, ever came ; no floating spar, no fragment,
was ever seen.

Mr. Simmons was a man of artistic tastes, of reserved
manners, of great penetration, and much power of sarcasm.
The influence of his residence at Concord, during the last year
of his life, led him to embrace the soldier s life early and ear
nestly, and to associate the welfare of the negro race closely
with the objects of the war.

1842. GEORGE EDWARD RICE, of Boston, died in Rox-
bury, Mass., 10 August, 1861, aged 39 years. He was son of
Henry and Maria (Burroughs) Rice, and was born in Boston,
10 July, 1822. He was fitted for college partly at the Latin
School in Boston, and partly at the school of Mr. E. L. Gush
ing (H.C. 1827). After leaving college, he studied law with
Charles G. Loring (H.C. 1812) and William Dehon (H.C.
1833), of Boston, und practised his profession in his native city.
He was a gentleman of fine literary taste ; and contributed valua-.
ble articles to the best periodicals in the country, including the
"North- American Review." He also possessed much poetical
talent, with keen wit. He was author of several humorous
plays, which were performed at theatres, and received with great
applause. He published several matters of a humorous charac
ter, and subsequently two small volumes of poems, under the
titles of " Ephemera " and " Nugamenta." He was widely
known as a writer of genuine sarcastic wit. He was possessed
of a sensitive mind and nervous temperament, easily excited by
any unusual event of joy or sorrow.

He married, 28 December, 1857, Tirzah Maria Crockett,
daughter of George W. Crockett, Esq., of Boston. She died
10 January, 1859, at the age of 27 years, without issue.

1845. GEORGE DWIGHT GUILD died in Brookline (Long-
wood Village), 5 May, 1862, aged 37 years. He was son of
Moses and Juliette (Ellis) Guild, and was born in Dedham,
Mass., 17 March, 1825. He was fitted for* college at Wren-
tham Academy. After graduating, he began the study of law

55



434 NECROLOGY OF ALUMNI [1861-62.

at the Law School at Cambridge ; and completed his studies in
the office of Charles Mayo Ellis (H.C. 1839), of Boston. On
his admission to the bar, he established himself in the practice
of his profession in Boston, where he remained until his death.
He devoted himself to his profession -with great assiduity, and
soon acquired an extensive practice. He was a safe counsellor ;
and his legal acquirements, had his life been spared, would
probably have obtained for him judicial honors. Single-hearted
integrity was the basis of his whole intellectual life. His gen
tleness and uncompromising uprightness commanded the esteem
and insured the confidence and respect of all with whom he came
in contact.

He married, 13 September, 1860, Mary M. Thomas, daugh
ter of William Thomas, Esq., president of the Webster Bank
in Boston. His wife and an infant child survive him.

1849. HENRY MIDDLETON KUTLEDGE FOGG, of Nash
ville, Tenn., was killed in the battle of Somerset, Ky., 19 Janu
ary, 1862, aged 31 years. He was the second son of Francis
Brinley and Mary (Rutledge) Fogg, and was born in Nashville,
16 September, 1830. His father was a son of Eev. Daniel Fogg
(H.C. 1764), an Episcopal clergyman of Brooklyn, Conn.;
was born in Kensington, Conn., 18 August, 1743; married
Deborah Brinley, daughter of Francis Brinley, of Newport, R.I.,
and Alef, his wife, a daughter of Hon. Godfrey Malbone, of that
city ; and died in Brooklyn in 1815, aged 72 years. His mother
was daughter of Hon. Edward Rutledge, of Charleston, S.C.
He was a fine scholar, and graduated with high honor. After



Online LibraryJoseph PalmerNecrology of alumni of Harvard college, 1851-52 to 1862-63 → online text (page 39 of 49)