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The first book of the Kings : with map, introduction and notes online

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north of the kingdom of Judah, which is described (2 Kings xxiii. 8)
as extending ' from Geba to Beersheba.' It is mentioned among the
Benjamite towns (Josh. xxi. 17), and was one of those allotted to
the priests. Mizpah] The town spoken of in this verse is the

'Mizpah of Benjamin,' within a mile or two of Gibeah. 23. The

rest of all the acts of Asa] The reign of Asa is dealt with more
fully in the book of Chronicles. We learn there that he built fenced
cities in Judah, because the land had rest and no war. His army is
described as consisting of 300,000 men of Judah and 280,000 of
Benjamin. He defeated Zerah the Ethiopian, and with the help of
God drove him back as far as Gerar. A prophecy of Azariah the
son of Oded encouraged the lung to put down idolatry with a strong
hand, and he bound his people by a solemn oath to cleave unto the



I. KINGS, XV. 24—29. 99

he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written
in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? Never-
theless in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet.
And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers 24
in the city of David his father: and Jehoshaphat his son
reigned in his stead.

And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel 25
in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over
Israel two years. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, 26
and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith
he made Israel to sin. And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the 27
house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote
him at Gibbethon, which belongeth to the Philistines; for
Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon. Even in the 2ss
third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and
reigned in his stead. And it came to pass, when he reigned, 2!i

Lord, and those who would not do so he put to death. Asa, we are
told, was rebuked by Hanani the prophet alter the withdrawal of
Baasha, because he had relied on the help of the king of Syria, and
he was told that from henceforth he should have wars. In anger
Asa imprisoned the unwelcome prophet, and oppressed some of his
people at the same time. the cities which he built] No doubt

these are 'the fenced cities' spoken of in 2 Chron. xiv. 6, as built
during the days of peace. Nevertheless] B.Y. But. diseased

in his feet] In 2 Chron. xvi. 12 it is added 'until his disease was
exceeding great.' 24. and was buried with his fathers] There

is much more detail concerning the burial in 2 Chron. xvi. 14. | They
buried him in his own sepulchres, which he had made for himself
in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was filled with
sweet odours and divers kinds of spices prepared by the apothecaries'
art, and they made a very great burning for him.' At the f unerals of
the great it was the custom to burn beds and clothes, spices and
other things (see Jer. xxiv. 5).

25. reigned over Israel tiro years] These must have been but
portions of two years. Nadab's reign began in the second year of
Asa, and below (verse 31) we find that his successor began to reign
in the third year of Asa. 26. he did evil] R.V. he did that

which was evil. Nadab followed the same worship of the calves
which his father had introduced. 27. of the hon.se of Issachar]
Jeroboam's family was of the tribe of Ephraim (xi. 26), and it may
have been some tribal jealousy which led a man of Issachar to
exterminate the whole family of Jeroboam, and to found a new
dynasty. at Gibbethon, which belongeth [R.V. belonged] to

the Philistines] This was a town allotted originally to the tribe of
Dan (Josh. xix. 44), and was given as a Levitical city to the
Kohathites (Josh. xxi. 23), but it had been by this time taken by
the Philistines, and Nadab was endeavouring to drive them out.

all Israel laid siege] R.V. were laying siege. The work was
still in progress. 29. tchea he reigned, that he smote] R.V.

7—2



100 I. KINGS, XV. 30— XVI. 4.

that he smote all the bouse of Jeroboam; he left not to Jero-
boam any tbat breathed, until he had destroyed him, according
unto the saying of the Lord, which he spake by his servant
3d Ahijah the Shilonite: because of the sins of Jeroboam which
he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation

31 whereicith he provoked the Lord God of Israel to anger. Now
the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not
written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel ?

32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel
:vi all their days. In the third year of Asa king of Judah began

Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah,

34 twenty and four years. And he did evil in the sight of the

Lord, and walked in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin

16 wherewith he made Israel to sin. Then the word of the Lord

2 came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying, For-
asmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, and made thee
prince over my people Israel; and thou hast walked in the way
of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to pro-

3 voke me to anger with their sins ; behold, I will take away the
posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house; and will
make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

4 Him that dieth of Baasha in the city shall the dogs eat ; and

that as soon as he was king he smote. Being an usurper he

would desire to make his power secure by removing at once every-
one who might become a rival. by his servant] For the threat
against Jeroboam and the reason, see xiv. 9 — 11. 30. by
R.V. because of] his provocation] Of. Deut. xxxii. 19; 2 Kings
xxiii. 26.

33. in Tirzah, twenty and four years] To complete the sense the
R.V. inserts in italics after 'Tirzah' the words '■and reiyned.'
Tirzah seems to have become by this time a more common royal
residence than Shechem.

XVI. 1. Then [R.V. and] the word of the Lord came] The
conjunction is the simple copula. Jehu the son of Hanani]

This prophet, named in this chapter and in 2 Chron. xix. 2, xx. 34,
was the son of that prophet Hanani who rebuked Asa (2 Chron. xvi.
7 — 10) for his alliance with the Syrians against Baasha. Jehu
seems to have lived in Jerusalem, though his prophetical niinistry
was mainly directed to the kingdom of Israel. 2. / exalted

thee out of the dust] This may signify that Baasha was of humble
origin. prince over my people] Though Israel has offended,

they are still God's people. They have rejected His law, but He
does not reject them. to provoke me to anger with their sins |

For the last three words the LXX. gives ' with their vanities ; ' a
common form of expression in similar phrases. 3. / u-ill tale

away the posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house] R.V.
I will utterly sweep away Baasha and his house. Here we
have precisely the same expression as in the closing words of xiv.



I. KINGS, XVI. 5—11. 101

him that clieth of his in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat.
Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what he did, and his 5
might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the
kings of Israel? So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was 6
buried in Tirzah : and Elah his son reigned in his stead.
And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani 7
came the word of the Lord against Baasha, and against his
house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the
Lord, in provoking him to anger with the work of his hands, in
being like the house of Jeroboam ; and because he killed him.

In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began 8
Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two
years. And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, 9
conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself
drunk in the house of Arza steward of his house in Tirzah.
And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the 10
twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned
in his stead. And it came to pass, when he began to reign, n
as soon as he sat on his throne, that he slew all the house of
Baasha : he left him not one that pisseth against a wall,

10. See note there. 6. So [R.V. And] Baasha slept with his

fathers] He had reigned not quite twenty-four full years. Tirzah
was now sufficiently distinguished to be made a burial-place by the
kings of Israel. 7. And also [R.V. moreover] by the hand

of the prophet Jehu] 'Moreover' connects the two prophetic
messages more directly than the 'also' of A.V. even for [R.V.

both because of] all the evil} There are two reasons given for
the divine message sent to Baasha. and because he killed

[R.V. smote] him] The R.V. gives on the margin 'it' for 'him.'
The reference must be to Jeroboam and his house. God had raised
up Baasha, and sent him against Jeroboam, but it is clear from this
verse that the manner in which punishment had been inflicted by
Baasha was not such as God approved of.

8. In the twenty and sixth year of Asa Mug of Judah began]
These words, like most other chronological dates, are omitted by
the LXX. in Tirzah, two years] Here as in xv. 33 the R.V.

inserts in italics after ' Tirzah ' the words and reigned, which makes
the sense clearer. 9. And his servant Zimri] The expression

is used of any officer who served under the king. Here ' the servant '
was a chief commander of the royal troops. Arza steward

o/'his house] R.V. (see also A.V. margin): Arza which was over
the household. Cf. for a similar officer over the household of
Joseph, Gen. xliii. 16, 19. It would almost seem that this major
domo was mixed up in the plot for the murder of his master. The
opportunity of the absence of the troops at Gibbethon would seem
very favourable for carrying out such a scheme. 10. in the

twenty and seventh year of Asa Tcing of Judah] Here again if we
refer to verse 8, it is plain that Elah's two years cannot have been
full years. 11. that he slew] R.V. smote. Zimri made a



102 I. KINGS, XVI. 12—10,

J2 neither of his kinsfolks, nor of his friends. Thus did Zimri
destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the
Lord, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,

II for all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, hy
•which they sinned, and hy which they made Israel to sin, in
provoking the Lord God of Israel to anger with their vanities.

u Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, are they
not written in the hook of the chronicles of the kings of
Israel?

15 In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did
Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were en-
camped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.

j(i And the people that were encamped heard say, Zimri hath
conspired, and hath also slain the king: wherefore all Israel
made Omri, the captain of the host, king over Israel that day

17 in the camp. And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all

18 Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah. And it came to
pass, when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went
into the palace of the king's house, and burnt the king's house

i!) over him with fire, and died, for his sins which he sinned in
doing evil in the sight of the Lord, in walking in the way of
Jeroboam, and in his sin which he did, to make Israel sin.

complete end, he left not a single man child. 13. by which

the;/ simied, and by which then wade] E.V. which they sinned
and wherewith they made, as in other places. vanities

This word is often employed in the Old Testament


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Online LibraryJoseph Rawson LumbyThe first book of the Kings : with map, introduction and notes → online text (page 13 of 18)