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The first book of the Kings : with map, introduction and notes online

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the frequent Hebrew form of expressing the cherubim stretched
forth their wings. 29. within and without] Both here and

in the next verse these words can only refer to the inner and outer
rooms, the most holy place and the holy place.

31. the lintel and side jwsts] The idea meant to be conveyed
here is of the whole structure of the doorway, the framework with
its posts. were a fifth part of the wall] The expansion indi-
cated by the italics of A. V. is no doubt correct both here and in
verse 33. As the partition wall of the oracle was 20 cubits in
height and the same in breadth the opening filled by the frame-
work of the doorway would be 4 cubits high by 4 cubits broad.

32. The tiro doors also were] Render 'so he made two doors of
olive-wood.' and sj>read f/old] Better, and made necessary by
the text, 'and he spread the gold.' Here a different process is
described. The walls and floors were covered with flat plates of
gold nailed on (see 2 Chron. iii. 9), but to cover the carved work
the gold must be beaten to fit. 33. for the door of the temple]
The word translated 'door' is the same which is rendered enter-
ing in verse 31. afovrth part of the wall] The Hebrew has
here a preposition before the numeral. Render ' out of a fourth
part of the wall.' The meaning is that the aperture was a fourth
part of the wall in width, and the same measure in height.

34. and the two doors were of fir tree] As in 32 the expression is
not definite. It is therefore simpler to put a light punctuation at
the end of verse 33 and render ' and two doors of firwood.' the

two leaves of the one door were /oWi >/,'/] That is, could be doubled
back upon one another. 35. and covered them with gold fitted



I. KINGS, VI. 36— VII. 3. 43

the carved work. And he built the inner court with three 36
rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.

In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the 37
Loed laid, in the month Zif : and in the eleventh year, in the 38
month Bui, which is the eighth month, was the house finished
throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the
fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.

But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, 7
and he finished all his house. He built also the house of the 2
forest of Lebanon ; the length thereof was an hundred cubits,
and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof
thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar
beams upon the pillars. And it teas covered with cedar above 3
upon the beams, that lay on forty-five pillars, fifteen in a row.

upon the carved work] Here we have a definite statement of what
was done, and the same is no doubt meant in verse 32. upon

the carved work] R. V. graven work to mark the variation.
There is no doubt that the figures on the doors were cut in the
wood and in English ' graven work ' refers generally to metal.

36. And he built the inner court] This inner court is that
which in Jer. xxxvi. 10 is called 'the higher court.' It seems clear
that the inner was on a higher level than the outer court. Some
have thought that this elevation was made by three layers of stone
and then a wooden planking put over all. It seems better to take
it that the elevation was artificially made, and then to understand
the three rows of hewn stone, covered by one row of cedar-wood
at the top, to have made a sort of sunk fence all round the inner
court.

37. In the fourth year] i.e. Of king Solomon's reign. See verse
1. 38. in the month Bid] This month is only mentioned
here. The name is derived from the same root as mabhul=the
deluge, and intimates that the character of the month was rainy.

VII. 1. his own house] This includes all the buildings de-
scribed hi vv. 1 — 12. th irteen years] The longer time occupied
by this building, in comparison with the seven years and a half
spent on the Temple, is accounted for by the greater extent of this
latter work. and he finished] i.e. At the end of twenty years
and rather more. See ix. 10. 2. He built also] Better, For
he built, as R.V. the house of the forest of Lebanon] This
building which is mentioned again in x. 17 and 2 Chron. ix. 16
appears, from those passages, to have been Solomon's armoury.
The multitude of pillars made it admirably suited for the hanging
of shields and targets. upon four rows of cedar pillars] The
pillars must have been both very numerous and very substantial to
support the three tiers of building which stood above them.

3. And it was covered with cedar above upon the beams] The
word here rendered ' beams ' is the same which has been rendered
1 side-chambers ' in vi. 5. In two descriptions which are so closely
related as that chapter and this, it is difficult to suppose that the
word has a different sense in the two places. And we have here



44 I. KINGS, VII. 4—8.

4 And there icere windows in three rows, and light was against

5 light in three ranks. And all the doors and posts were square,
with the windows: and light teas against light in three ranks.



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Online LibraryJoseph Rawson LumbyThe first book of the Kings : with map, introduction and notes → online text (page 6 of 18)