Joseph Rawson Lumby.

The first book of the Kings : with map, introduction and notes online

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The sea then stood at the south corner of the east side. There is
much uncertainty about the meaning of parts of the language in
this description of the bases. They appear to have been large
box-shaped structures, set on four wheels. The wheels did not
come up higher than the bottom of the box, and so needed shoulders
and stays in which the axles might run and by which they might
be kept in position. Above the box, which had a large hole in the
top, rose a sort of capital on which was fixed the laver. The sides
of the box and the capital as Avell as the stays were covered with

40. And Hiram made the lavers] Many ancient authorities (see
R.V. niarg.) read pots instead of 'lavers,' as in 2 Chron. iv. 11.

that he made hing Solomon] R.V. reads, with the same sense,
•that he wrought for king Solomon.' 42. and four hum!,; d

pomegranates] The original is definite. Read, 'and the four
hundred.' 43. and ten lovers] The Hebrew has. 'and the ten

hi vers.' So in the next verse we should have 'the one sea and
the twelve oxen.' 45. and all these, vessels] Better, at the

close of the list, 'even all these.' made to king Solomon] In

modern English we should say 'for,' in spite of the following 'for'
coming so close. But the R.V. has changed the phrase 'for the
house of the Lord ' both here and in verse 40 into in the house of
the Lord. The same construction is translated 'in the house of
the Lord' 2 Kings xi. 3, 15, and elsewhere. bright brass] The

R.V. gives burnished brass. The original word is a participle
and not an adjective. 46. in the clay ground] As the margin

of A.V. explains, the literal rendering is 'in the thickness of the
ground.' The Hebrews had a paucity of adjectives and were

I. KINGS, VII. 47— VIII. 1. 51

Succoth and Zarthan. And Solomon left all the vessels un- 47
weighed, because they were exceeding many: neither was the
weight of the brass found out. And Solomon made all the 4H
vessels that pertained unto the house of the Lord : the altar of
gold, and the table o/gold, whereupon the shewbread was, and 4
the candlesticks of pure gold, five on the right side, and five
on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps,
and the tongs o/gold, and the bowls, and the snuffers, and the 5i>
basons, and the spoons, and the censers o/pure gold; and the
hinges of gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most
holy place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the
temple. So was ended all the work that king Solomon made 51
for the house of the Lord. And Solomon brought in the
things which David his father had dedicated; even the silver,
and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures
of the house of the Lord.

Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the 8
heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of
Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem, that they might bring

obliged to express in suck wise what we mean by ' stiff ground ' and
which is excellently rendered by the English version. between

Succoth and Zarthan] The last word should be written Zarethan.
See Josh. iii. 16. That both Succoth and Zarethan were in the
circle, or district, of Jordan we can see both from that passage and
this, but their precise position is unknown. 47. neither teas

the weight of the brass found out] The E.V. gives 'could not be
found out.' The verb, which signifies literally ' to investigate,' ' to
search out,' seems employed to indicate that no attempt was made to
discover it. 48. that pertained unto the house of the Lord] The
construction is like that in verse 45. Hence E.V. has ' that were
in the house of the Lord.' the altar of gold] E.V. the golden

altar, i.e. the altar of incense made of cedar wood and overlaid
with gold. 50. and the bowls] E.V. has changed 'bowls ' here

to ' cups,' a rendering given for this word sometimes on the margin
of A.V. and the censers] This Hebrew word is frequently

rendered 'censer,' but as in Exod. xxvii. 3, xxxviii. 3 and other
places, where it relates to the altar furniture and fittings, the
plural is rendered ' fire pans,' the E.V. has introduced that render-
ing here. 51. So was ended, &c] The changes of order and
Avords in this verse made by E.V. (viz. Thus all the work
that king Solomon wrought in the house of the Lord was
finished.) are such as to bring as nearly as possible this passage
and 2 Chron. v. 1 into accord. among the treasures] E.V. 'in
the treasuries.' The word is used rather of the place than of
the things kept in it.

VIII. 1. Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel' Josephus
{Ant. vin. 4. 1) says the king summoned the assembly by a
formal document. the chief of the fathers] Better with

margin of A.V. and text of E.V. the princes of the fathers'


52 I. KINGS, VIII. 2—6.

up the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of the city of

2 David, which is Zion. And all the men of Israel assembled
themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month

3 Ethanim, which is the seventh month. And all the elders of
■i Israel came, and the priests took up the ark. And they

brought up the ark of the Lord, and the tabernacle of the
congregation, and all the holy vessels that were in the taber-
nacle, even those did the priests and the Levites bring up.

5 And king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel, that
were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark,
sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be told nor numbered

thou didst well that it was in thine heart. Nevertheless thou

shalt not build the house; but thy son that shall come forth

20 out of thy loins, he shall build the house unto my name. And
the Lord hath performed his word that he spake, and I am
risen up in the room of David my father, and sit on the throne
of Israel, as the Lord promised, and have built a house for the

21 name of the Lord God of Israel. And I have set there a
place for the ark, wherein is the covenant of the Lord, which

that none could remain within nor enter. 13. I hare surely

built thee a house to dwell in] B.V. 'a house of habitation.'
The king sees that God has deigned to accept the house that has
been built. 14. And the king turned his face about] He had

spoken at first looking towards the Temple, and beholding the
cloud which told that God was there. and blessed all the con-

gree/ation] The words which follow (15 — 21) are not words of
benediction on the people, but thanksgiving to God. We must
suppose the language of blessing to have been like the blessing
which follows later on in the chapter (57 — 61) where the king does
ask for guidance and help for Israel. 15. the Lord God of

Israel] E.V. ' The Lord, the God of Israel.' which spake with

his mouth unto David my father] The allusion is to the words of
2 Sam. vii. 5 — 7, where God by the prophet Nathan forbids David
to build Him a house. 16. that nnj name might be therein]

The expression in the Pentateuch is constant about the place which
is dedicated to the worship of God : ' God records His name there '
(Exod. xx. 24) ; cf. also Deut. xii. 5, 11. but I chose Da rid]

This is expanded in 2 Chron. vi. 6 so as to include both the place
and the person. ' But I have chosen Jerusalem that my name might
be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.'
17. And it was in the heart, &c] Better, 'Now it was, &c.'
19. thou shalt not build the house} It was not necessary for
Solomon to add the reasons given in 1 Chron. xxii. 8, ' Thou hast
shed blood abundantly and hast made great wars.' 21. the

ark, wherein is the covenant of the Lord] It has just been said
(ver. 9) that only the two tables of stone were in the ark. They
must then be meant bv ' the covenant of the Lord.' But ' the book

I. KINGS, VIII. 22—29. 55

he made with our fathers, when he brought them out of the
land of Egypt.

And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the 22
presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth
his hands toward heaven : and he said, 2a

Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in heaven
above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and
mercy with thy servants that walk before thee with all their
heart : who hast kept with thy servant David my father that 24
thou promisedst him : thou spakest also with thy mouth, and
hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day. Therefore 25
now, Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my
father that thou promisedst him, saying, There shall not fail
thee a man in my sight to sit on the throne of Israel ; so that
thy children take heed to their way, that they walk before me
as thou hast walked before me. And now, God of Israel, let 2«
thy word, I pray thee, be verified, which thou spakest unto thy
servant David my father.

But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven 27
and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less
this house that I have builded? Yet have thou respect unto 28
the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, Lord my
God, to hearken unto the cry and to the prayer, which thy
servant prayeth before thee to day: that thine eyes may be 29
open toward this house night and day, even toward the place
of which thou hast said, My name shall be there : that thou

of the covenant' (Exod. xxiv. 7) appears to have included all the
laws contained in Exod. xx. — xxiii.

22. And /Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord] This was
the altar of burnt offerings which stood in the Temple court.

23. who keepest covenant and mercy'] The phrase is found in
Deut. vii. 9, 12. In God's intent, the covenant and the mercy were
the same thing. It was transgression on man's part which called
forth any other character in the covenant. with thy servants]
The supplication becomes an appeal to God that He will remember
towards David's race the promise which at first was made to all
Israel. See Chap. ii. 4 and 2 Sam. vii. 12, &c. 25. so that
thy children tale heed] In modern English 'so that' = 'if only,'
'provided that,' is not common, but was so when the A.V. was
made. The E.V. has the modern 'if only.' 27. will God
indeed dwell on the earth?] The LXX. adds 'with men.'

the heaven and heaven of heavens] The expression is found in
Deut. x. 14; Ps. lxvii. 36, cxiii. 16. this house that I have

builded] The LXX. adds 'for Thy name.' 28. Yet have

thou respect] Literally, "Yet thou wilt have respect." The tense
is chosen to intimate the assurance in the mind of the king that
his prayers will be answered. 29. even toward the place of

which thou hast said, My name shall be. there] These words refer

56 I. KINGS, VIII. 30—30.

niayest hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall make

30 towards this place. And hearken thou to the supplication of
thy servant, and of thy people Israel, when they shall pray
towards this place: and hear thou in heaven thy dwelling
place: and when thou hearest, forgive.

31 If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be
laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before

32 thine altar in this house: then hear thou in heaven, and do,
and judge thy servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his
way upon his head; and justifying the righteous, to give him
according to his righteousness.

33 When thy people Israel be smitten down before the enemy,
because they have sinned against thee, and shall turn again to
thee, and confess thy name, and pray, and make supplication

34 unto thee in this house: then hear thou in heaven, and forgive
the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the
land which thou gavest unto their fathers.

35 When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they
have sinned against thee ; if they pray towards this place, and
confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afrlictest

36 them : then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy
servants, and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the

back to verse 16, and appear to imply quite as much as is
contained in the expansion there alluded to from '2 Chron. vi. l>,
viz. that God had chosen Jerusalem as the place for His temple.

towards this place] For the king was not in the Temple but-
looking towards it. Hence it came to pass that in foreign lands
the Israelite turned his face in the direction of Jerusalem. Cf.
Dan. vi. 10; Jonah ii. 4; Ps. v. 7. 31. If any man trespass]

The sense of 'trespass' in this verse must be = 'be supposed to
have trespassed.' The person presumed to have offended is to be
challenged to take an oath, and to God is left the punishment of
the guilty and the acquittal of the innocent. Cf. Exod. xxii. 7 — 11.

and the oath come] Bender "and he come and swear".

32. then hear thou in heaven] As the truth in such a case can be
known to God alone, He is prayed to act the part assigned to
judges in the Law (cf. Deut. xxv. 1) and to make known in His
own way which persons take the oath justly, and which unjustly.

33. When thy people Israel be smitten down before the enemy]
Such an event is contemplated in the language of Leviticus xxvi. 17
and Deuteronomy xxviii. '25 as well as the restoration and delivery
of the people on their repentance (see Lev. xxvi. 40 — 4'2).

because they hare sinned against thee] From what follows it
seems as if idolatry, to which the people were so prone, were
noted as the special sin. 35. When heaven is shut up] The

king next intreats against a plague of drought. 36. forgive

the sin of thy servants and of thy people Israel] Probably Solomon
means by 'servants' the kings who should hereafter reign over
Israel. that thou teach them ! Rather 'when thou teachest

I. KINGS, VIII. 37—43. 57

good way wherein they should walk, and give rain upon thy
land, which thou hast given to thy people for an inheritance.

If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blast- 37
ing, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpillar; if their enemy
besiege them in the land of their cities; whatsoever plague,
whatsoever sickness there be; what prayer and supplication 3«
soever be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel, which
shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread
forth his hands towards this house : then hear thou in heaven 3!)
thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man
according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou,
even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men ;)
that they may fear thee all the days that they live in the land 40
which thou gavest unto our fathers.

Moreover concerning a stranger, that is not of thy people 41
Israel, but cometh out of a far country for thy name's sake;
(for they shall hear of thy great name, and of thy strong hand, 42
and of thy stretched out arm ;) when he shall come and pray
towards this house; hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, 43
and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for:
that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee,
as do thy people Israel; and that they may know that this
house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.

them,' as at the close of the previous verse. The forgiveness
is to come, when the lesson of chastisement has been given
and learnt. 37. If there be in the land famine'] In

this verse the king gathers together various judgements which
God had threatened on His people if they sinned. For famine
cf. Lev. xxvi. 20; Deut. xi. 17: for blasting and mildew, Deut.
xxviii. 22; for locust, Deut. xxviii. 38. in the land of

their cities] The Hebrew word translated 'cities' usually signifies
'gates.' But in 'gates' the 'cities,' which alone possessed them,
are implied. 38. which shall know every man the plague

of his own heart] i.e. The special infliction which is sent to him
for his own correction. 39. whose heart thou knowest] This

is the other aspect. God will know whether the discipline have
wrought its effect. 40. that they may fear thee] i.e. Being

instructed and warned by God's judgements may cease to offend.

41. Moreover concerning a stranger] Consideration for the
stranger was a marked feature of the Jewish legislation. for

thy name's sake] i.e. Having heard of Thy wondrous works per-
formed for Israel. 42. of thy strong hand, and of thy
stretched out arm] A constant phrase in Deuteronomy to express
God's power, see Deut. iii. 24, iv. 34, v. 15,

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Online LibraryJoseph Rawson LumbyThe first book of the Kings : with map, introduction and notes → online text (page 7 of 18)