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national welfare and civic duty which inspire their effort
from first to last, render this the book of our time on the
temperance question."

Professor Kennedy, D.D. (Edinburgh University). "I
gladly welcome your proposal to issue a cheaper edition
of your epoch-making book, The Temperance Problem
and Social Reform. It has made itself indispensable to
every worker in the cause of temperance. I am certain
you will have no warmer supporters in any scheme of
reform on the lines laid down in that work than the many
friends of temperance in the Church of Scotland."

Professor James Denney, D.D. " No book has ever been
published on legislative temperance reform so rich as this,
both in facts and ideas. Even those who begin to read it
with a prejudice, and end not quite convinced, will readily
admit that it has enlarged and cleared their minds, and
no one will say that it has cooled his ardour in the cause
of temperance. It is a book to be studied by everyone
who wishes to know what the law can and cannot do in
this distressing subject."

Professor Dove Wilson (Aberdeen University). " It is
most satisfactory to hear that Messrs. Kowntree and
Sherwell's work on temperance reform is about to appear
at a price which will place it within the reach of every-
one. There has been no more valuable contributic-n
towards the practical solution of the difficulty. . . . Th<3
crying evils of selling liquor to the young, to the partially
intoxicated, and to inebriates, will never be effectually
checked till the liquor-seller ceases to have any interest in
promoting the sale."



164 SOME PERSONAL OPINIONS

Thos. Hodgkin, D.C.L. " I am heartily in sympathy
with the scheme of temperance reform sketched in your
book on The Temperance Problem and Social Reform,
and shall rejoice if the circulation of that book in a
popular form shall bring us in any way nearer to the
adoption of your programme."

George J. Holyoake. " The most practical, the most
readable, and most informing book on the temperance
question I have seen."

Dean Farrar. " I have read Messrs. Eowntree and
Sherwell's Temperance Problem with great interest. It
is a careful and valuable work."

Rev. Nehemiah Curnock (editor of The Methodist
Recorder). " The proposals contained in this work
which I have read with the greatest interest ought to
be tried. The experiment should have a fair field and
neither favour nor disfavour. Its assigned area should be
sufficiently large, with populations varying in density and
character. Its period should be sufficiently prolonged, so
as to afford opportunity for all conceivable reactions.

"The present system is hopeless. Bad in itself, it is
cumulatively mischievous. Even imperial total prohibi-
tion, with all its dangers, would probably be less injurious.
The plan proposed by Messrs. Kowntree and Sherwell is
the nearest approach to a true and safe solution of the
problem that has yet appeared."

Canon Barker. " The book contains such an exhaustive
statement of the whole problem, and such voluminous
and valuable facts from which every man can draw his own
conclusions, that nothing but good can come from as wide
a circulation of the book as possible."

Rev. F. B. Meyer. " The publication of this book, as I
venture to think, will date an epoch in the history of the
temperance movement. I have read and pondered it with



SOME PERSONAL OPINIONS 165

profound interest, and am convinced that the conclusions
to which the authors have come afford a working basis for
the ultimate solution of the vexed problem of the liquor
traffic. . . . The complete and satisfactory reform of the
liquor traffic is impossible so long as it is organised and
conducted from motives of private gain. . . . May I live
to see this system adopted ! "

Canon Barnett (Warden of Toynbee Hall). " Messrs.
Rowntree and Sherwell show the overwhelming danger
which threatens our commonwealth in sober language,
and suggest a remedy acceptable to sober people."

Rev. R. J. Campbell (Brighton). "I have for years
advocated the reforms you mention, and would be most
sincerely glad to see them adopted."

Archdeacon Wilson. "I heartily support your proposals,
and have long advocated them. All United Kingdom
Alliance men should support them, for if these permissive
powers were given to localities, some would adopt prohibi-
tion, and in all who used these powers prohibition would
be indefinitely facilitated. All Church of England Tem-
perance Society men should support them; for they
will effectively carry out what we have at heart the
diminution in number and the better regulation of public-
houses."

Rev. R. A. Armstrong (Liverpool). "The scheme of
Messrs. Rowntree and Sherwell, as drawn by them, would,
it seems to me, be valuable and effective, if it can be
carried as a whole with all its safeguards and without
injurious amendments. All England owes a deep debt of
gratitude to the propounders for their toil and devotion."

Canon Moore Ede. " In the campaign against the liquor
traffic we have for long years tried the policy of frontal
attacks, only to find that at the end of the century the
enemy is more strongly entrenched in his position than



156 SOME PERSONAL OPINIONS

he was at the beginning. As wise men, we should alter
our tactics, and try to find some way round; and I believe
that the true way to outflank the position of the trade is
that indicated in your work on The Temperance Problem
and Social Reform.

" It stands to reason that if the liquor-sellers have no
interest in pushing the sale of liquor many of the worst
evils of our English system will disappear, for its worst
features consist of devices to induce people to drink.

" We cannot eradicate the social instincts of men, and
it is the social instinct which drives so many to the
public-house, which, as things now are, is the only avail-
able social gathering-place for, at any rate, the poorest ;
and those who go to the public-house must drink, and
must continue to drink as long as they remain. If,
however, the surplus profits from the trade are utilised
for the provision of various kinds of recreation, provision
will be made for the gratification of the social instincts
without imposing any necessity for cultivating the
drinking habit."

Eev. Mark Guy Pearse. " I feel most deeply that the
suggested solution has laid down the lines on which our
deliverance from this vast evil must come."

Rev. E. F. Horton, M.A., D.D. " To my mind, the most
attractive chapter in the book is the large-minded and
intelligent survey of the causes which lead our people
in the crowded streets to drink ; and it seems to me that
no remedy can be pronounced of any great value which
does not recognise that a large proportion of men go to
the public-houses not so much to drink but simply to
find a place of social communion, to find what one might
call a drawing-room, from the crowded tenements in
which they live."

Canon Armitage Robinson, D.D. "If we are to make



SOME PERSONAL OPINIONS 167

further progress with the problem of the liquor traffic,
we must stimulate the interest and claim the aid of the
great body of serious persons who at present hold aloof
from the question in perplexity or despair. It is to such
minds that the main propositions of Messrs. Rowntree
and Sherwell will, I believe, commend themselves as
offering a new hope of practicable reform. All who are
interested in the religious and social life of England
should study their book."

Rev. Alex. Mackennal, D.D. " Three things strike me
in the volume in addition to the valuable and carefully
given information, and the pleading for united action.

" One is the precision with which you have indicated
the first evil we have to conquer, and which, left un-
touched, will perpetuate all we deplore the private gain
in liquor-selling. Drunkenness itself is not so obdurate
an evil as this. ... I admire also the constructive part
of your book. I have long believed that mere demonstra-
tion will do very little for permanent deliverance of the
people from this snare; and I rejoice in the fact that
you have devoted so much space to this part of your
book."

Canon Scott Holland. " This book lays down admirably
the position which every sane man is bound to accept. . . .
The book's conclusion is most clear, intelligible, and
practical. . . . The whole scheme is perfectly practicable
to-morrow. It rests on unanswerable reasons for the
intervention of the State. It meets the broad human
needs and it assimilates the clearest teachings of ex-
perience. It combines those who are passionately bent
on restricting the evil and those who deem this futile so
long as social conditions are tintouched."

Rev. J. Monro Gibson, D.D. "The reading of this
admirable book has kindled in me a new hope for the



168 SOME PERSONAL OPINIONS

future of temperance reform. Nowhere else have I seen
the terrible facts so skilfully marshalled, or the remedies
so carefully examined. The suggestions which it throws
out for united action seem to me to be such as to commend
themselves to all who realise the necessity of the friends
of temperance acting together and acting at once."

Canon Gore, D.D. " I am exceedingly glad to learn that
you are going to circulate a very cheap edition of your
Temperance Problem, and Social Reform. I think the
book has really marked an epoch, because (1) it has
approached the problem as part of the whole social
problem, and because (2) you have provided such a broad
basis on which people of all sorts can co-operate. I am
most anxious that your fundamental proposal should be
carried into effect, and that nothing should be done in
the way of temperance reform which should block the
road towards the realising of your proposals."

Rev. Hugh Price Hughes, M.A. " These thoroughly
competent experts, after prolonged personal investigation
at home and abroad, have made the best statement of
the problem that has yet been printed. . . . We greet
its appearance with gratitude : it is by far the most
valuable and useful book on the whole temperance problem
that has been published. . . . We are convinced that the
method suggested by Mr. Kowntree and Mr. Sherwell is
the only practical method of dealing with this gigantic
evil in the towns and cities of Great Britain."

Kev. John Clifford, D.D. " The appearance of this book
is surely one of the best signs of the times. Every
patriotic citizen should read it, and read it at once, and
seek to promote legislation along the lines it suggests."



INDEX



Acland, Rt. Hon. A. H. D., quoted,
154

Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, quoted,
29 (footnote)

Adventitious attractions to the
public - house. See under
" Games "

Age limit for sales, 40, 55, 67, 78

Aked, Rev. C. F., quoted, 143 (foot-
note), 156

Alcohol, excessive expenditure
upon, 4, 128, 141; need for
reducing consumption of, 4,
128

Alcoholic liquors, sale of, not
pushed under Company
system. See under " Company
control "

Alliance News, quoted, 85

Allsopp, Samuel, & Co., Ltd.,
quoted, 99 (footnote)

Alternatives open to temperance
reformers, 147

America, expenditure of, upon
alcohol, 129

Appropriation of profits. See
under " Profits "

Arg/us, London, quoted, 94 (foot-
note)

Armstrong, Rev. R. A., quoted, 165

Australia, South, proposed State
monopoly in. See under
" South Australia "



Bands of Hope, membership of,

108

Barker, Canon, quoted, 164
Barnett, Canon, quoted, 165
Beath, Hill of. See under " Hill

of Beath"
Beer, proportion of sales of, to

spirits. See under " Spirits "
Belfast News-Letter, quoted, 88
Belfast Public-House Trust, !

(footnote), 87. See also under

" Carnmoney "
Bennet, Rev. F. S. M., quoted,

25
Bergen Samlag, association with

municipality, 7
Biddulph, Lady Elizabeth, quoted

156
Birmingham Corporation, expeii-

ment in public management.

See under " Elan Valley Can-
teen "
Birmingham, number of licensed

houses in, 134
" Black List," absence of a, 67, 77 ;

attempt at a, 47
" Boar's Head," The, Hampton

Lucy, 9
Boebmer, Captain, quoted, 20, 29

(footnote)

"Bolag," definition of a, 5 (foot-
note)
Booth, Mr. Charles, quoted, 158



169



INDEX



Borrowing Powers of Trusts, pro-
posed, 103, 118
Bowling-green, provision of a, 68,

82
Bradford, proposed Public-House

Trust for, 1 (footnote)
Braithwaite, Mr. W. 0., quoted,

159
Bristol, number of licensed houses

in, 134

Broad Clyst, Devon, 26, 41
Broomhill, public management

in, 93
Bryce, fit. Hon. James, quoted,

154

Burns, Mr. John, quoted, 161
Buxton, Mr. E. N., quoted, 99

(footnote)



Campbell, Rev. R. J., quoted, 165

Capital of Companies, 18, 44, 65,
81, 102, 118, 124

Carlow, Mr. Charles, quoted, 63, 64

Carnmoney, public management
in, 87

Chamberlain, Rt. Hon. Joseph,
quoted, 154

Chester, Bishop of, Experiments
in public management, 1,
15-42, 46, 110. See also tinder
" People's Refreshment House
Association, Ltd."
hildren, sales of liquor to. See
under " Age limit "

Chiklswickham, the "New Inn"
at, 91

Clifford, Rev. John, D.D., quoted,
168

Clubs, drink, effect of upon drunk-
enness, 83

Collyns, Rev. C. B., quoted, 32

Company control, conditions of
success iu, 3, 39, 128 et seq.,
141 et teq,; subordination of



commercial considerations in,
8, 16, 37, 59, 65, 87, 95, 119,
125 ; sale of alcoholic liquors
not "pushed" under, 16, 20,
22, 25, 37, 46, 59, 66, 89, 95,
125; good results of, 11 25,
32, 34, 36, 37, 48, 56, 60, 62,
142, 150 ; chief test of value
of, 4, 128 ; widespread accept-
ance of, 1, 137, 153 et seq. ; in-
evitableness of, 138, 139, 147 ;
how to effect, 13, 145, 147;
effect of, upon drunkenness,
see under " Drunkenness." See
also under " Public manage-
ment " and " Public-House
Trusts "

Compensation, declaration of
Glasgow Trust as to, 100, 120.
See aho under " Time-notice "

Competition, effect of. See under
" Monopoly "

Complicity in liquor traffic, fear
of, 149 (footnote)

Contemporary Review, quoted, 139,
151 (footnote)

Council, Public-House Trust, con-
stitution of a, 105, 115

Counter-attractions to the public-
house, 12, 26, 30, 31, 41, 42,
55, 61, 68, 81, 112, 113, 121,
125, 131, 134, 142, 144, 148-9

Cowdenbeath Public - House So-
ciety, Ltd., 86

Craufurd, Major, quoted, 1, 17, 39
(footnote), 42

Credit, sales on, abolished under
Company system. See under
each experiment separately

Crombie, Mr. J. W., quoted, 161

Crossgates. See under " Hill of
Beath."

" Crown and Shamrock," Carn-
money, 87

Curnock, Rev. N., quoted, 164



INDEX



Cupidity, public, necessity for
preventing, 5, 72, 84, 112, 113,
130. 137, 143. See also under
" Profits, appropriation of "



Declaratory Act, necessity of a, 136

" Deed of Foundation," provisions
of the, 116

Deferred Shares, arrangements as
to, 105, 115

Denney, Professor James, quoted,
163

Directors, proposed borrowing
powers of, 103, 118 ; ordinary
powers of, 105, 106, 109, 115,
122, 123, 126; payment of,
109, 118-20, 124; number
of, 104 ; influence of, 104,
106; disqualification of, 117
(footnote), 123

Dispensary System in America,
138

Dividends of Shareholders, under
Public-management, 1, 16, 45,
65, 86, 94, 110 (footnote), 119,
124

Dods, Dr. Marcus, quoted, 162

Drunkenness, effect of controlling
system upon, 10, 11, 12, 25, 29,
32, 36, 48, 54, 56, 60, 73, 77, 83

Dunfermline Public-House Society,
Ltd., 86

Durban, municipalisation of liquor
traffic in, 139 (footnote)

Durham, late Bishop of, quoted,
153

Durham, proposed Public-House
Trust for, 1 (footnote)



East of Scotland Public-House
Trust, 1 (footnote), 105 (foot-
note), 124

Ede, Canon Moore, quoted, 165



Education Act, general principles

of, 130

Elan Hotel, 52
Elan Valley Canteen, 43 (footnote),

50
Essex, proposed Public-house

Trust for, 1 (footnote)
Expenditure upon alcohol. See

under " Alcohol "



Fairbairn, Rev. A. M., LL.D.,

quoted, 158

Farrar, Dean, quoted, 164
Fife Coal Co., Ltd. See under

" Hill of Beath " and " Kelty "
Flax Bourton, appropriation of

profits in, 41
Food, sale of, in public-houses, 10,

16, 20, 22, 23, 29, 31, 34, 36,

37, 46, 52, 59, 68, 78, 95, 125
Fortune, Alderman, quoted, 58, 59
Fowler, Kt. Hon. H. H., quoted,

154
" Fox and Pelican," Grayshott, 43



Gambling, abolished under public-
management, 37

Games and recreations in public-
houses, 22, 27, 35, 37, 46, 47,
53, 61, 67, 76, 135 ; necessity
for prohibiting, 47, 69, 107,
108, 132

Garrett, Rev. Charles, quoted, 155

Gibson, Rev. J. Monro, quoted, 167

Glasgow Herald, quoted, 120 (foot-
note), 145

Glasgow Public-House Trust, 1
(footnote), 100, 105 (footnote),
114, 118 ; chairman of, quoted,
136

Gore, Canon, quoted, 168

Gothenburg, relief of rates in, 5,
89, 112



INDEX



" Gothenburg" system of public-
management. See under
" Public - management " and
" Company control "

Grayshott and District Refresh-
ment Association, Ltd., 43

Gresham's law of currency, 133

Grey, Earl, quoted, 1, 2, 69, 93-7,
100 (footnote), 103 (footnote),
106, 109, 114. See also under
" Public-House Trusts '*



Haldane, Mr. E. B., quoted, 161
Hampshire Public-House Trust,

102 et $eq
Hampton Lucy, the " Gothenburg"

system in, 9

Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, 91
Hardie, Mr. Keir, quoted, 162
Harleston Inn, The, 91 (footnote)
Harrogate Corporation, Experi-
ment in public-management.
See under "Scargill Water-
works Canteen "
Hayes, Rev. E. C., quoted, 89, 90
Hertfordshire, proposed Public-
House Trust for, 1 (footnote)
Hicks, Canon, quoted, 156
High Licence, defects of, 147, 148
Hill of Beath, Public manage-
ment in, 43 (footnote), 63
Hoar Cross, appropriation of profits

in, 41

Hobson, Mr. J. A., quoted, 159
Hodgkin, Mr. Thomas, D.C.L.,

quoted, 164

Holland, Canon Scott, quoted, 167
Holyoake, Mr. George J., quoted,

164

Horton, Rev. R. F., quoted, 166
Hours of sale, monopoly required
for reduction of, 40, 47, 48, 63,
86, 86, 142. See also under
each experiment separately



Hughes, Rev. Hugh Price, quoted,
168



Inspection of public-houses, 38
Intemperance, causes of, 142
Ireland, public management in, 87



Jeakes, Rev. J. M., quoted, 48
Jensen, Mr. Lars 0., quoted, 85
(footnote)



Keir, Mr. William, quoted, 66
Kelty Public-House Society, Ltd,

74

Kennedy, Professor, quoted, 163
Kent Public-House Trust, 1 (foot-
note)



Lang, Principal Marshall, quoted,
157

Lechmere, Sir E., the late, 91

Leeds, proposed Public - House
Trust for, 1 (footnote) ; num-
ber of licensed houses in,
134 ; appropriation of spirit
tax in, 149 (footnote)

Lees, E. A. quoted, 52 (footnote),
53-56

Legislation, need of, 2, 86, 127,
131, 136, 137, 145, 151;
principles upon which should
be based, 130, 141 et seq.

Leicester, number of licensed
houses in, 134

Leng, Sir John, M.P., quoted, 161

Licensed Houses, number of, 134 ;
reduction in number of, 97
(footnote) ; dangers in pur-
chase of, 99, 101, 127; in-
flated values of, 94, 99;
methods of acquiring, 97,



INDEX



173



120. See alto under " Public-
Houses "

Licensed Trade News, quoted, 135

Licenses. See under ''Licensed
Houses" and "Public-Houses"

Liquor, limitation of quantity
sold, 23, 54, 77, 89

Liquor traffic, profits of. See
under " Profits "

Liquors, purity of, 9, 11, 12, 16,
22, 38, 53, 95

Liverpool, Bishop of, quoted, 154

Liverpool, proposed Public-House
Trust for, 1 (footnote)

Local Committees, appointment
of, 124, 125, 144

Local sentiment, release of. See
under " Progressive senti-
ment "

London Argus, quoted, 94 (foot-
note)

London, Bishop of, quoted, 153

London County Council, temper-
ance policy of, 100 (footnote)

Lords' Committee on Intemper-
ance, quoted, 149



Mackennal, Rev. Alex., quoted,
167

Managers, remuneration of, 10,
16, 23, 29, 37, 46, 51, 59, 66,
78, 89, 91, 95, 109, 126.

Manchester, number of licensed
houses in, 134

Mann, Mr. John, Junr., quoted,
118, 120 (footnote)

Meyer, Rev. F. B., quoted, 164

Mineral Waters, sale of. See
under " Temperance bever-
ages "

Monopoly necessity for a, 6, 13,
14, 19, 27, 29, 34, 39, 47,
48, 52, 62, 68, 85, 86, 90,
98, 133



Monopoly Values, 86, 93, 98, 99,
139

Mordaunt, Rev. Osbert, quoted,
9-14, 91, 92

Municipal Journal, quoted 100
(footnote)

Municipalisation of liquor traffic.
See under "Public Manage-
ment "

Music, etc., in public-houses. See
under " Games."



Natal, municipalisation of liquor
traffic in, 139 (footnote)

Non-alcoholic drinks. See under
" Temperance beverages "

Northamptonshire, proposed Pub-
lic-House Trust for, 1 (foot-
note)

Northumberland Public - House
Trust, 1 (footnote), 114, et
seq.

Norway, Company system in, 3-7,
40, 60, 101, 106, 110, 112
(footnote), 120, 123 (foot-
note), 138, 148

Nottingham, number of licensed
houses in, 134

Nottinghamshire, proposed Pub-
lic-House Trust for, 1 (foot-
note)



" Off " sales in " Gothenburg "

houses, 22, 28, 31, 33-5, 46,

54, 61, 68, 78
Orange River Colony, proposed

State liquor monopoly in, 139

(footnote)



Paton, Rev. James, D.D., quoted,

157
Paton, Rev. J. B., quoted, 160



174



INDEX



Tay-day, effect of upon public-
house takings, 79

Payment of Managing directors,
109

Pearse, Rev. Mark Guy, quoted,
166

Peel, Hon. Sidney, quoted, 98

Peel, Lord, quoted, 101, 137, 145

People's Refreshment House Asso-
ciation, Ltd., 1, 15-42, 94,
110; aim of, 15; advantages
of, 37, 110 ; defects of, 39

Pirie, Captain, M.P., quoted, 162

" Plume of Feathers," The, Sher-
borne, 33

" Plymouth Arms," The, 91

Plymstock Inn, 30, 41

Pollock, Sir Frederick, quoted, 43

Poor Law, arrangements in respect
of, 130

Private profit, necessity for
eliminating, 1, 2, 4, 9, 50, 51,
94, 109, 110 (footnote 2 ), 141,
142, 148 ; elimination of, under
public management, 11, 37,
46, 51, 66, 78, 89, 91, 95

Profit, " unaccountable," 38

Profits of liquor traffic, 13, 18, 19,
49, 56, 61, 70, 80, 96, 102;
appropriation of, under con-
trolling system, 5, 6, 11, 17,
18, 24, 29, 32, 41, 45, 49, 56,
61, 65, 71, 81, 84, 87, 89, 92,
94, 105, 111, 115, 117, 121,
125, 130, 132, 137, 144, 148

Progressive sentiment, release of
under Company system, 7,
129, 136, 143

Public Health legislation, principle
of, 130

Public- House Societies. See under
"Hill of Beatb," "Kelty,"
Public-House Trusts," and
"Company Control"

Public-House Trust; Association,



constitution of, 103 (footnote).
See also under " Public-House
Trusts"

Public-House Trusts, 87, 93 et seq ;
objects of, 87, 95, 110, 119,
124, 125, 128; conditions of
success in, 3 ; possibilities of
the system, 97, 103 ; dangers
of, 5, 99, 101, 103, 106-8, 110,
112, 113, 118, 121, 127, 137;
serviceable sphere of, 103, 127.
See also under " Council "

Public-Houses, reduction in num-
ber of, 97 ; inflated values of,
93, 94, 98, 99; profits of, 13,
18, 19, 49, 55, 61, 70, 80,96;
Music, etc., in. See under
"Games." See also under
" Licensed Houses "

Public management of liquor
traffic, growth of movement
towards, 1, 17, 18, 87, 138;
possible forms of, 143, 146 ;
conditions of success in, 3, 39,
141 ; character of success
aimed at in, 3, 4, 15, 44, 59,
86, 89, 95, 119, 124; wide-
spread acceptance of principle
of, 1, 137, 153; how to
establish, 13, 145 ; recom-
mendation by Lords' Com-
mittee as to, 149. See alto
under " Company control "
and " Public-House Trusts "

Purchase of licences, dangers of.
See under " Licensed Houses "

Pure liquor, importance of. See
under " Liquors "



Rainy, Principal, quoted, 157
Ramsay, Professor, quoted, 162
Rates, relief of. See under

"Profits, appropriation of";

alto under " Gothenburg "



INDEX



175



Recreative features in public-
houses. See under " Games "
" Red Lion " Inn, Broad Clyst,

Devon, 26
Regulations, special. See under

" Restrictions "
Renfrewshire Public-House Trust,

1 (footnote)
Restrictions, special, absence of,

19,23, 29, 35, 47, 67, 77, 89;

enactment of, 53, 59
Robinson, Canon Arrnitage, quoted,

166

Rochester, Bishop of, quoted, 153
Rosebery, Lord, quoted, 145
Ross, Mr. John, quoted, 63, 69, 74,

77 (footnote), 82
Ross, Rev. D. M., quoted, 120

(footnote)
Royal Commission on Liquor

Licensing Laws, Minority

Report of, quoted, 137, 145
Rules, special, for conduct of

public - houses. See under

" Restrictions "

Russell, Mr. T. W., quoted, 155
Russian Spirit Monopoly, 138, 148



Salmond, Principal, quoted, 158
" Samlag," definition of a, 5 (foot-
note) ; capital of. See under

" Norway "

Scargill Waterworks Canteen, 58


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