slight in person. He was a man of great industry and energy, the principal note
of his character that I could get when I made inquiry twenty years ago of those
who still remembered him being that he was very vigorous in his administration
of public duties, and impatient of sluggards. His health was not vigorous after
his early army experience, which brought him some permanent injury, and
doubtless somewhat shortened his life.
He left a fair estate, which was divided among his sons, with the reservation
of a comfortable maintenance for their mother.
His wife, Mary Campbell, born February 27, 1752, died November 26,
1837, was a daughter of Eev. John Campbell, a minister of the Presbyterian
church, and Mary Hubbard. She was a woman of great physical and mental
vigor, ruled well her household, and retained throughout her life the respect and
affection of her sons, whose letters to her, which are still preserved, furnish many
proofs of their attachment to her, and supply much material for the history of
the family in the first third of the nineteenth century.
GENERATION XVII. 35
Margaret Harris (XVII 13) was a woman of exemplary piety, of great
industry and cheerfulness, much respected in her old age, and a member of St.
Peter's Episcopal church, where she is buried. She lived in her later years on
the Old Provincial road, about half a mile west of the Harris homestead.
David Christie lived in bis youth in Tredyffrin township, Chester county.
His brothers, James and John Christie, were officers during the Revolutionary
war. John Christie entered the navy, and, October 4, 1776, was in command
of the Fire Brig Vesuvius. He was a prominent person in the Great Valley
Presbyterian church. He and James are frequently mentioned in the public
records during the Revolutionary war and afterward.
Elizabeth Harris (XVII 14) lived after her marriage at Brandywine
Manor, West Brandywine township, Chester county. She and her sister Hannah
were very handsome women, of medium height. Their sister Agnes was tall,
comely and had a good figure. All the sisters were noted for their housewifely
virtues, excelling especially in the then universal and necessary accomplish-
ments of spinning and weaving. Their stores of linen and cloth were the won-
der and admiration of the neighborhood.
It was at the hospitable mansion of "Aunt Betsey Mackelduff" that her
nephews, Thomas and William Harris, lived while pursuing their studies at
Brandywine academy, and all of her relatives were sure of a hearty welcome
and good cheer there.
Her husband, Joseph Mackelduff, was a son of Samuel Mackelduff, who
emigrated from the north of Ireland, and took up a part of the lands of Springton
Manor. This property is still held by the Mackelduff family. He built a mill
on the west branch of the Brandywine creek, near what is now Ferndale station,
on the Wilmington and Northern railroad. Joseph Mackelduff, the oldest son
of Samuel, was a man of good position and of large means.
Agnes Harris (XVII 15) lived one mile east of the Great Valley Presby-
terian church, north of the Swede's Ford road, and on the north side of the
Valley creek. The property was bought by Israel Davis, her husband, from
John Christie, and is the farm which was, in 1876, owned by Henry Reynard.
Israel Davis was a member of a numerous and influential family of Welsh
descent, and a man of considerable means. Their only child, Mary (XVIII 39)
dying in infancy, her mother took her gig and traveled alone, a distance of
nearly two hundred miles, to Juniata county, where her sister, Hannah Calbraith,
lived. She returned home with her niece, Jean Calbraith, who was two years
younger than her own lost child, and intended to make her her heir. But Agnes
36 THE HAEEIS EEC0ED.
died before her husband, and on his death he left all his estate to his relatives
of his own name.
Hannah Harris (XVII 16) lived at McVeytown, in Juniata county, Penn-
sylvania. Her husband's name was usually spelled "Calbraith," and was so
pronounced, though in one of the documents in my possession, dated December
7, 1799, he writes it George "Galbraith." He was an emigrant from the north
of Ireland, but there is little doubt that he was of the family of Galbraith, who
are people of influence in Scotland, as that family had representatives among the
Scotch-Irish emigrants who settled in Donegal, Lancaster county, about 1722,
and became very influential there in Revolutionary times.
George Calbraith, upon his emigration in 1773, brought with him a
certificate dated April 11, 1773, signed by Alexander Marshall, of the
"Protestant Dissenting Congregation of Ballymoney, County Antrim, Ireland,"
which states that "he was born in that parish, and that having an irreproachable
character he is recommended to the notice of any Christian society where he may
happen to settle."
He was a widower with six children at the time of his marriage to Agnes
Harris. He was wealthy, and is remembered as a very kind-hearted man. He
was a merchant and an innkeeper.
The name "Calbraith" is now extinct as a surname in this branch of the
MEMBER OF FAMILY.
The Children of Ann Harris (XVII 1) and Hugh Shiell.
Aug. 19, Hi
Jan. 1, 1S04
June 24, 1841.
The Children of Ann Harris (XVII 1) and Harry Innes.
Maria Knox Innes.
I. John Harris Todd
II. John Jordon
I. Oct. 30, 1817.
II. Nov. 15, 1826.
Sep. 8, 1851.
The Children of Mary Harris (XVII 3) and James Hanna.
Dec. 29, 1825.
John Harris Hanna.
II. Mary Sophia Hunt.
St. Joseph, Mo.
The Children of Elizabeth Harris (XVII 4) and Thomas Todd.
Harry Innes Todd.
Charles Stewart Todd.
John Harris Todd.
Anna Maria Todd.
John Harris Hanna
Maria Knox Innes
May 26, 1789.
Jan. 22, 1791.
Nov. 18 1792.
June 12, 1795.
May 29, 1801.
June 16, 1816.
Nov. 29, 1812.
May 16, 1871.
Aug. 31, 1824.
At 18 years.
Shelby county. Ky.
The Children of John Harris (XVII 5) and Jane Hunt.
Innes Todd Harris.
Sep. 22, 1800.
May 15, 1848.
THE HARRIS RECORD.
MEMBER OP FAMILY.
The Children of John Harris (XVII 10) and Mary Bowen.
Nov. 28, 1777.
June 2, 1842.
July 31, 1779.
Dec. 16, 1780.
Nov. 25, 1783.
Sep. 30, 1861.
July 6, 1785.
Nov. 11, 1837.
Aug. 18, 1789.
Mch. 16, 1886.
Nov. 25, 1792.
Martha Jones Harris.
Mch. 11, 1794.
Nov. 19, 1829.
The Children of William Harris (XVII 12) and Mary Campbell.
May 17, 1853.
Geneseo, N. Y.
Jan. 3, 1784.
I. Jan., 1820.
Mch. 4, 18G1.
II. Esther White
II. Apr. 30,1839.
I. Mary Forster.
II. Mary Gilliat Gray.
May 20, 1789.
I. Oct. 28, 1819.
II. Oct., 1845.
May 12, 1864.
Washington, D. C.
Aug. 18, 1792.
Apr. 20, 1S20.
Mch. 3, 1861.
James Bailey Harris.
Oct. 14. 1795.
June 23, 1881.
Geneseo, N. T.
Sep. 4, 1798.
Apr. 4, 1833.
Nov. 18, 1851.
The Children of Margaret Harris (XVII 13) and David Christie.
Mch. 9, 1782.
Mar. 2, 1805.
Nov. 24, 1851. IW. Whiteland, Pa.
The Children of Elizabeth Harris (XVII 14) and Joseph Mackelduff.
Apr. 30, 1787.
Aug. 19, 1820.
I. Rachel McClure.
II. Jean Calbraith
Nov. 14, 1788.
II. Mar. 29, 1829.
July 15, 1S72.
Nov. 17, 1789.
Aug. 2, 1822.
The Children of Aqnes Harris (XVII 15) and Israel Davis.
39 Mary Davis.
June 24, 1805.
MEMBER OF FAMILY.
The Children of Hannah Harris (XVII 10) and George Calbraith.
Jan. 24, 1801.
Jan. 2, 1803.
Aug. 8, 1804.
Dec. 27, 1806.
Sep. 24, 1809.
May 24, 1816.
Mar. 23, 1819.
Nov. 25, 1830.
Mar. 29, 1829.
May 9, 1844.
Sep. 1, 1834.
June 2, 1849.
Apr. 10, 1863.
Dec. 30, 1842.
Sep. 5, 1891.
Dec. 17, 1866.
Nov. 7, 1838.
Apr. 7, 1833.
Catharine Harris Shiell (XVIII 1) passed her early life in the house of
her stepfather, Judge Harry Innes, in Frankfort. She and her half-sister,
Maria Knox Innes (XVIII 2), were constant companions, and she did not know
that their fortunes were different, or that she was an heiress, until after her
marriage, when Judge Innes transferred to her the large property she had in-
herited from her father.
The Bodleys were of Lexington, Kentucky, and Thomas Bodley and his
wife exercised a lavish hospitality there. Transylvania University, which was
located in Lexington, Kentucky, was then the chief seat of learning in the
southwest, and the gracious hospitality of the Bodley home made the mistress
a queen in the little community, as is evidenced by many still existing letters
from those who had been students in Lexington, and had been recipients of her
The family came to number twelve children, and there were in her house-
hold a French governess, an English head-nurse, and a host of negro servants,
but she found time and heart to care for a host of college boys, to influence them
for good, and to give them some of the comfort and protection of motherly care.
The husband died suddenly from cholera in 1834, when it made its first
and most fatal visit to America, and after his death she found that their gen-
erous living had greatly diminished their means, and that, because her husband
and her stepfather had always relieved her of the care of her estate, she was so
ignorant of the nature of her investments that she could not trace them.
Nearly forty years after her death one of her grandsons found, among a bundle
of old papers, a lease for the term of ninety-nine years that had been made by
40 THE HARRIS RECORD.
her father to persons in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The property had become
very valuable, but the rights of the owners had been so long neglected that the
title had passed from them irrevocably.
Mrs. Bodley died in Lexington, Kentucky, where she had spent all of her
Maria Knox Innes (XVIII 2) was distinguished for her great beauty, and
for her social charm. Her first husband, John Harris Todd (XVIII 10), was
her cousin. Her second husband, John Jordon Crittenden, was born in Wood-
ford county, Kentucky, September 10, 1787, and was a widower at the time
of their marriage. He was a lawyer, and was, through a large part of his life,
very prominent in state and national politics. He was elected to the United
States Senate in 1817, and again in 1835, in 1843 and in 1855. He was ap-
pointed United States attorney -general by President W. H. Harrison in 1841,
and again by President Fillmore in 1853, and was chosen governor of Kentucky
in 1848. He made, in the last year of his congressional career, earnest efforts
to avert the Civil war, bringing forward for that purpose a series of resolu-
tions, which were known as the Crittenden Compromise. He was, perhaps,
after Henry Clay, the most influential man that Kentucky has produced. He
died in 1863.
Mary Hanna (XVIII 3). Her husband, Samuel Spotts, served in the
United States army throughout the War of 1812-15. He was a first-lieutenant
in command of a battery of artillery, and was brevetted captain January 8th,
1815, "for distinguished and meritorious service in the battle of Xew Orleans,
and for his uniform gallant conduct in the army." He remained attached to
the artillery arm of the service till 1829, when he resigned. General Jackson
presented him a sword in recognition of his services at New Orleans. He died
July 11, 1853.
John Harris Hanna (XVIII 4) was born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania,
but removed to Kentucky while still a boy. For the last fifty years of his life
he was a resident of Frankfort, Kentucky, and he died there. The Hanna
house is still one of the landmarks of that town. It is a large house, built in
the colonial style, and stands facing the entrance of the bridge across the Ken-
tucky river, between Xorth and South Frankfort.
Mr. Hanna was a lawyer. He was for thirty years clerk of the United
States Circuit and District courts, was president of the Farmers' Bank of
Frankfort for a long period, possessed a considerable fortune, was an owner in
woolen, cotton and flour mills, and was for fifteen years one of the proprietors
GENERATION XVIII. 41
of the line of stages that ran between Louisville and Lexington. He built at
his own cost the Episcopal church in Frankfort. He was generous and philan-
thropic, and was a man of broad and liberal views. After the death of his first
wife, Elizabeth Richards Todd (XVIII 9), who was his cousin, he married Mary
Sophia Hunt, daughter of John W. Hunt, of Lexington, Kentucky, but he had
no children by either marriage, and his heir was Hunt Reynolds, a nephew of
his second wife.
Sophia Hanna (XVIII 5). Her husband, Wilson Merrill, was of St.
Charles Stewart Hanna (XVIII 6) was a paymaster of the United States
navy. He died in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Harry Innes Todd (XVIII 7) was graduated in the summer of 1822 at the
Medical school of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He started
to return to his home in Frankfort, Kentucky, but was taken ill at Bedford,
Pennsylvania, where he remained till his death. He was buried at Bedford.
He is remembered as a young man of great promise.
Charles Stewart Todd (XVIII S) was born in Lincoln county, Kentucky,
and was educated at William and Mary college, Williamsburg, Virginia, in
1807, 1808 and 1809. He was graduated in law at Litchfield, Connecticut,
where was the foremost law school of that time, in the early spring of 1812, and
began at once the practice of his profession in Lexington, Kentucky. He en-
listed in the summer of 1812 as an ensign in the local military company which
was called into service on the outbreak of the war of 1812. During the next
winter he was promoted to a captaincy of the Twenty-eighth Infantry, May,
1813, and was appointed aide-de-camp and assistant inspector-general May
20, 1813, on General William Henry Harrison's staff, in which capacity he
served at the Battle of the Thames, October, 1813. He was appointed November
1, 1813, assistant inspector-general with the rank of major, and was assigned
to duty in the eighth district, comprising the states of Kentucky and Ohio, and
the territories of Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Missouri. He resigned his
commission in 1815, and resumed the practice of law in Frankfort, Kentucky.
In 1817 he was, for a few months, Secretary of State in the Administra-
tion of Governor Madison, who died soon after his inauguration.
In 1818 he abandoned the practice of law, and settled on a fine farm called
'Stockdale" in Shelby county, Kentucky, which land had been surveyed for,
and patented to his wife's father, Governor Isaac Shelby, in April, 1776.
42 THE HARRIS RECORD.
In 1820 Colonel Todd was appointed by President Monroe Charge d' Af-
faires, and in 1822 Minister to the State of Colombia, South America. It was
during his administration of the latter office that President Monroe made
the declaration in regard to the necessity of non-interference in American
affairs by European powers, which has since been known as the Monroe
doctrine. He returned from Bogota in 1825. On his way home in a United
States frigate he was attacked by yellow fever when off Santiago, Cuba. His
life was despaired of, and he was landed at Charlestown, South Carolina, to
die. He did recover, but it was a singular consequence of his sickness that,
whereas he had from his infancy hair of positive redness, it changed at the age
of 34, before his arrival at home in Kentucky, to a dark brown, and so remained
throughout his life, being but slightly tinged with gray when he died, at the age
of 76 years. It is further worthy of note that all of his children had dark hair,
and that among his descendants, which have now reached to the fifth generation,
red heads occasionally appear, which can only be traced to Colonel Todd.
A stay of six weeks in Charlestown so far recruited his health that he was
able to undertake the journey of six hundred miles on horseback to his Ken-
tucky home, where his fine blue-grass farm became noted as a model of agricid-
tural management, as well as the seat of a gracious hospitality.
During the Presidential campaign of 1840 Colonel Todd spent many
months in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he edited the "Republican," and took an im-
portant part in promoting the candidacy of his old commander, General William
Henry Harrison. President Harrison lived but one month after his inaugura-
tion, but John Tyler, his successor, carried out Harrison's wishes in appointing
Colonel Todd Minister to Russia, which position he held from 1841 to 1845.
During the next Administration, which was democratic in politics, he held
no office, but in 1850 President Fillmore appointed him one of the commis-
sioners to treat with the Indians of western Texas and New Mexico, a region
which had but lately come under our control, and which was inhabited by the
fiercest and most imtamable savages which have ever been wards of the gov-
ernment of the United States. The familiarity with the topography and with
the possibilities of this region, which he acquired while engaged in this duty, led
him to become one of the projectors of the Southern Pacific railroad, and when
a company was formed to build it, he was elected to its vice-presidency. While
he held that position he made his home at Marshall, Texas, where he lived till
1861, when he returned to Kentucky, settled at Owensboro, and was appointed
by President Lincoln Assessor of Internal Revenue for the district of western
GENERATION XVIII. 43
Colonel Todd was a successful man throughout his life, making a shining
mark as a scholarly writer, a brilliant diplomatist and a distinguished soldier,
and he is remembered as one of the ablest public servants whom his native state
His wife was the youngest daughter of Isaac Shelby, the first governor of
Kentucky, and a granddaughter of General Evan Shelby, who was in command
of all the troops which were actively engaged in the hard-fought battle, and the
important victory over the Indians, known as the "Battle of Point Pleasant,"
or the "Battle of the Great Kanawha," which was fought at the confluence of
the Ohio and Kanawha rivers, October 10, 1774. Theodore Koosevelt, in
his history of the "Winning of the West," says that Evan Shelby was a stout old
Marylander of Welsh blood, and that his son, Isaac Shelby, a stalwart, stern-
visaged young man, was a subaltern in his father's company, but was put at its
head when, upon the wounding of Colonel John Field, the command of all the
forces engaged devolved upon Evan Shelby. General Andrew Lewis was the
commander of the expedition, but he was not in the field during the fighting.
The Shelbys were at this time citizens of the debatable land claimed by
Virginia and North Carolina, which afterward became the eastern part of the
state of Tennessee, and Isaac Shelby was, in 1779, made county lieutenant of
Sullivan county, a part of that territory. October 7, 1780, he was in com-
mand of the left wing of the American army at the battle of King's Mountain,
which was, perhaps, the most completely successful action fought by the Ameri-
cans during the war of the Revolution.
He removed to Kentucky, of which he became the first governor 1792-6,
and was again governor 1812-16. He was born in Maryland, December 11,
1750, and died in Kentucky, July 18, 1826.
Evan Shelby's wife was Letitia Cox, and the wife of Isaac Shelby was
Susanna Hood, a daughter of Nathaniel Hood and Sarah Simpson. Colonel
Hood was killed and scalped by the Indians at Boonesborough, Kentucky, in
A romantic story is told of the meeting of Letitia Shelby, the youngest
daughter of Isaac Shelby, with Charles Stewart Todd, who afterward became
her husband. After the disastrous battle of the Kiver Raisin, Upper Canada,
January 22, 1813, General Winchester, who was in command, sent Captain
Todd with dispatches to Governor Shelby, apprising him of the disaster to the
Kentucky troops. After a journey of great hardship and privation through
pathless forests in the dead of winter, Todd arrived at the executive mansion
at Frankfort to find the governor at the theater. With torn and mud-stained
44 THE HARRIS RECORD.
uniform, showing signs of his wrestle with the difficulties of his journey, and of
his haste to deliver his dispatches, he entered the theater and presented them to
"His Excellency's" box. They told of the defeat and capture of five Kentucky
regiments, and almost every person in the audience had a relative or a friend
whose life was in jeopardy. The whole theater sat in suspense while the gov-
ernor perused them, and the suspense but grew greater when, burying his face in
his hands, he gave them to his secretary that he might read them aloud.
But the sad tale was no new one to the messenger. During his long jour-
ney he had become habituated to the moving details, and his wandering gaze
being soon arrested by the sight of Letitia Shelby, seated in her father's box, he
fell at once a victim to her charms. Her portrait remains to testify to her great
beauty, and she, on her part, found the herald a young hero, who captivated her
fancy, so that a mutual attachment was then formed which led to their marriage
at the executive mansion three years later. She was fourteen years old when
they met, having been born June 11, 1799, and she died July 22, 1868.
Colonel Todd outlived her nearly three years, dying while making a visit at
Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He and his wife lie buried at Elmwood cemetery,
Elizabeth Richards Todd (XVIII 9) had two children, both of whom died
in infancy. The mother and the children were buried on the Todd farm in