Josephine Adams Rathbone.

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?Bi VIE.VPOINTS IN
§■1 TRAVEL




THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES




GO W



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

AT LOS ANGELES




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VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

AN • ARRANGEMENT • OF • BOOKS
ACCORDING • TO • THEIR
ESSENTIAL • INTEREST



BY



JOSEPHINE ADAMS RATHBONE

Vice-Director of the Pratt Institute
School of Library Science



CHICAGO

AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION
PUBLISHIXG BOARD

1919



£9505



In Preparation

Viewpoints in Biography, by Katharine Tappert, Assistant

Librarian of the Washington County Free Library,

Hagerstown, Maryland.

Viewpoints in Essays, by Marion Horton, Principal of the
Los Angeles Library School.



Go t I



PREFACE

This list aims to present a selection of those books usually
classed with the literature of travel that are interesting for
other than merely geographical reasons. They may appeal to
readers for their style of presentation, for their associations,
for the subjects emphasized, as hunting, folk lore, nature, or
for the personalities revealed. Much of this material has been
lost because the usual geographical arrangement has given no
clue to the wealth of subject matter in books of travel, and
people have often failed to find among them the sort of thing
that they are interested in — adventure, art, rural life, analysis
of national character — because there has been no grouping of
travel literature by these essential interests.

The annotations are largely taken or adapted from A. L. A.
sources, supplemented by the notes in the Open Shelf list of
the Buffalo Public Library (indicated by the initial B). I am
glad to acknowledge my indebtedness to Mrs. Theresa West
Elmendorf, Vice Librarian of the Buffalo Public Library, for
very welcome advice and help, and to my colleagues at Pratt
Institute for their interest and constructive criticism.

Because of the fluctuations in the book market it has not
been thought wise to attempt to give the prices of the books
listed, except in the case of very expensive books, and these
figures must be regarded as merely approximate.

The original intention was to include only books in print,
but a few out of print books that could not be spared were
added later, and others have doubtless gone out of print since
Mr. Parker of Baker & Taylor Co. kindly revised the list
for me.

J. A. R.



2950



^



CONTENTS



Page

Adventures 7

Antiquities 9

Architecture 9

Art 10

Artists' impressions 11

Birds 12

-^Classics of travel 12

The desert 14

East and West 15

Explorations 16

Folk lore 18

The forest 18

Frontier and pioneer life 19

Gossipy rambles 19

Historical associations 20

Home life 22

Horseback trips 23

Hunting 23

Industrial and economic conditions 25

Interpretations 27

The jungle 27

Literary associations 28

^Literature 30

Medical missions 30

Motor trips 31

Mountaineering 32

-Mountains 33

'National characteristics 34

- National ideals 38

-^Natural history 39

Mature 41

Ocean travel 42

'Oriental thought 43

Outdoor life 43

Out-of-the-way places 44

Personal impressions 45

Plantation life 48

Polar exploration 49

"-Politics and government 50

Pre-war conditions 51

Primitive peoples 53

Resorts 55

—Rural life 56



Page

Scenery 57

Sea life 58

Social li f e and customs 59

The Spirit of places 60

Sport 62

The U. S. and Japan 62

The U. S. and Latin America 63

The U. S. through foreign eyes 64

Unusual journeys 65

\'agabonding 67

Walking trips 68

The wilderness 69

Women of many lands 70

Index (author) 71

Index (geographical) 79



VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

Men change their skies but not their minds



ADVENTURE

Some stirring experiences will be found here, others are
under the headings: Explorations, Hunting, Mountaineer-
ing, Polar exploration, Sea life. Vagabonding and The
Wilderness,

O'Reilly, Edward S. Roving and fighting; adventures under
four flags. Century, 1918.

Story by a rover who enlisted in the Spanish-American war, fought in
the Philippines, went to Japan where he opened an English school, entered
the Chinese army, "hoboed" his way to Chicago, and took part in revolu-
tions in Venezuela and the Mexican overthrow of Diaz. The book is full
of entertaining anecdotes and gives interesting glimpses of people and
political affairs.

Safroni-Middleton, A. A vagabond's Odyssey. Dodd, 1916.

The tales of a sailor who with his violin shipped from Boston to Eng-
land and from England to the South Seas. He played with native
orchestras at wedding festivals, listened to stories of beach combers and
cannibal kings and met Robert Louis Stevenson in his Samoan home.

Burnaby, Frederick. Ride to Khiva. Funk, 1875.

A capital account of Russian central Asia before the construction of the
Trans-Caspian railway. — H. R. Mill (B).

Kennan, George. Tent-life in Siberia. Putnam, 1903.

Story of the effort of the Western Union to build a line of telegraph
up the west coast of America and down the east coast of Asia. Sir
Roderick Murchison calls it first of modern books of travel. Nation.

Tisdale, Alice. Pioneering where the world is old. Holt, 1917.

Descriptions of a journey taken by the author with her husband through
Manchuria. They traveled in a bullock-cart, stayed at native inns, made a
western home out of the most primitive material and had adventures in
plenty with native drivers and brigands. Throughout runs the true love
and enjoyment of adventure, which makes it all a lark.

Thornhill, J. B. Adventures in Africa under the British, Bel-
gian and Portugese flags. Murray, 1915.

For people who care for adventure in wild places and who understand
the pioneering spirit.



8 VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

Grenfell, Sir Wilfred Thomason. Adrift on an ice-pan. Hough-
ton, 1909.

A graphic account of one perilous night spent in company with his
dogs on an ice-pan (an enormous block of ice) . . . It is a human
document that reveals the unafraid determination with which a strong
man uses every device to prolong life.

Snow, H. J. In forbidden seas : recollections of sea-otter hunt-
ing in the Kurils. Longmans, 1910. o. p.

A book abounding in dangers of many sorts, dangers of wind and of
sea, of hostile natives and rival hunters.

Stuck, Hudson. Ten thousand miles with a dog sled. Scrib-
ner, 1914.

A virile tale of winter life and travel in the Yukon valley. As a story
of hardy courage and endurance it is almost unsurpassed. It has value
also for its sympathetic studies of the natives.

Lange, Algot. The lower Amazon. Putnam, 1914.

An interesting account of the author's experiences in a different district
from that discussed in The Amazon jungle. Besides furnishing adventure
and a picture of savage life for the general reader, the book offers valu-
able information to business men and students, on general conditions of
the country, different kinds of timber available, a vocabulary used by the
Indians, and describes fragments of ancient pottery found and something
of the Amazonian folklore. Many intimate illustrations from photographs.

Mathews, Mrs. Gertrude (Singleton). Treasure. Holt, 1917.

A mining engineer went to Dutch Guiana in an adventurous search for
a lost gold mine. He told his experiences to Mrs. Mathews, who here
records fascinating descriptions of the "Bush," the natives, his methods
of mining, giving the engineer's real love of primitive life and the beauty
of the tropics.

Whitney, Caspar. The flowing road. Lippincott, 1912.

Recounts in continuous narrative the author's experiences and adven-
tures during five separate overland and river expeditions, largely by canoe,
in Brazil, Venezuela and Argentine. Incidental commentary on the eco-
nomic and social conditions of the land dispel many popular illusions
concerning that misrepresented continent and there are frequent descrip-
tions of hunting expeditions. Though detailed, it gives a vivid picture,
is written in an informal, spontaneous manner, and is well illustrated by
the author's photographs.

Fitzpatrick, Sir James Percy. Jock of the Bushveld. Long-
mans, 1909.

Adventures of a remarkable dog, giving a faithful picture of the heroic
days of the Bushveld and of South Africa, the country, natives and animal
life.



VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL 9

ANTIQUITIES

Books that emphasize the traces of the past found in the
countries visited. This list does not include books that are
distinctly archaelogical.

Bell, Gertrude Lowthian. Amurath to Amurath. Dutton,
1911.

Records a five months' journey from Aleppo down the Euphrates, up
the Tigris and across to Konia. One of the most authoritative and com-
prehensive works on the antiquities of Mesopotamia, and extremely inter-
esting as a study of the daily lives of the people of Asiatic Turkey and
their attitude toward the Turkish government.

Jackson, Abraham Valentine Williams. Persia, past and pres-
ent; a book of travel and research. Macmillan, 1906.

Exhaustive, scholarly work, of interest to the student for its ethnological
and archeological information and its consideration of Zoroastrianism, to
the general reader for the descriptive sections.

Stein, Mark Aurel. Ruins of desert Cathay. Macmillan, 1912.
$12.50. o. p.

A monumental work recording the archeological and geographical ex-
plorations made by the author (1906-8) in central Asia and westermost
China. Modern inhabitants of the waste country are described with sym-
pathy and insight born of intimate knowledge, and the volumes are full of
vivid human and artistic as well as scientific interest. Illustrations from
photographs and reproductions, in color, of ancient objects of art.

Edwards, Amelia Ann Blanford. A thousand miles up the
Nile. Dutton, 1899.

Excellent companion and guidebook. Parts relating to ancient history
and interpretation of inscriptions authoritative.



ARCHITECTURE

Many descriptions and illustrations of beautiful buildings
will be found here. Some of the books under the heading Art
have a similar interest.

Edwards, George Wharton. Vanished halls and cathedrals
of France. Penn, 1916. $5.

Pictures and descriptions of the beautiful cathedrals of France most of
which have been destroyed by Germany on her "kultured" advance in the
present war. It preserves for us that which we shall never sec again,
except in ruins.



10 VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

Fryer, Eugenie Mary. The hill-towns of France. Button,
1917.

Delightful sketches, descriptive and historical, of these oldest towns of
France. The author's keen appreciation of beauty and knowledge of archi-
tecture will hold the interest of the well-informed reader. In the archi-
tecture, which is described in some detail, the author believes may be found
the key to the spirit of the early builders.

Jackson, Sir Thomas Graham. A holiday in Umbria. Holt,
1917.

The journey of a well known English architect into a little known part
of Italy in 1881 and 1889. His interest is primarily in the ancient archi-
tecture but his descriptions are accompanied by interesting historical details
which broaden the appeal and give it worth as a book of travel. Extracts
from // Cortegiano give a contemporary account of the court life in
Umbria in the sixteenth century.

Edwards, George Wharton. Vanished towers and chimes of
Flanders. Penn, 1916. $5.

A gift book with thirty-one full-page illustrations, many in color. Beau-
tiful, with interesting text partly historical, partly personal reminiscences
of what happened while the artist-author was making his pictures.

Stratton, Mary. Bruges. Scribner, 1914.

A brief record by one to whom Bruges is a personality. After a short
historical sketch, the main characteristics and the unusual features of the
city are described partly with a view to their picturesqueness, but specially
to their architectural form. Charles Wade illustrates with 120 admirable
line drawings of places of architectural interest with details of buildings,
ornamentation, etc.



ART

Lucas, Edward Verrall. A wanderer in London. Macmillan,
1906.

Loiterings among old and new scenes, and specially picture galleries.
Presupposes some knowledge of history, literature and art and is always
entertaining.

A wanderer in Paris. Macmillan, 1909.

Unaccompanied holiday saunterings through the streets, gardens, shrines,
show places and artistic haunts of Paris. Some knowledge of history,
literature and art is presupposed.



A wanderer in Florence. Macmillan, 1912.

A guide to the galleries and public buildings in this "City of the mira-
cle," allying literary charm to a surprising amount of interesting informa-
tion about the important works of art and to the sensitive impressions of



VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL 11

a writer practised in observation. By connecting the biographies of great

men, such as the Medici, Dante, Savonarola, Boccaccio, etc., with some

center where their activity found special development unity is given to a
thoroughly delightful book.

Lucas, E. V. A wanderer in Venice. Macmillan, 1914.

A sort of glorified guide to the art treasures, buildings, literary land-
marks, and other points of interest, designed like the volumes on London
and Paris "to kindle enthusiasm, to create a taste," rather than to instruct.
Yet abundant information is given, in the author's own leisurely, attractive
style, making the book one of real value for the traveler abroad or by the
fireside. Sixteen colored plates.

Williams, Egerton Ryerson, Jr. Hill-towns of Italy. Hough-
ton, 1903.

An introduction to rather inaccessible, rarely visited, but most interesting
places.

Plain-towns of Italy ; the cities of old Venetia. Hough-
ton, 1911.

A companion volume to Hill-Toums of Italy, giving in a scholarly, inter-
esting way much information on the art, history, legends and architecture
of Padua, Verona, Brescia, Vicenza, Treviso, and a dozen less known
towns.



ARTISTS' IMPRESSIONS

Records of travel made by pen and pencil.

Smith, F. Hopkinson. Gondola days. Houghton, 1897.
Text from Venice of to-day. Illustrated by the author.

White umbrella in Mexico; illus. by the author.



Houghton, 1889.

The grace of these artistic travels lies in freedom from fixed plan and
grasping of instantaneous impressions.

Peixotto, Ernest. Pacific shores from Panama. Scribner,
1913.

He travels from Panama down the west coast to Peru and Bolivia. He
visits Lima, and he goes to what he calls "the roof of the world," spending
some time in the land of the Incas, especially at Cuzco. . . . He goes
to Lake Titicaca and into Bolivia. Wherever he goes he is the artist.
. . . Mr. Peixotto's pencil docs much in a few lines, and the same is
true of his pen. His sketches, whether by pencil or pen, are delicious. —
Outlook. (B)



12 VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

BIRDS

Material will also be found under the heading Natural
History.

Townsend, Charles Wendell. In Audubon's Labrador. Hough-
ton, 1918.

A short history of the Audubon expedition of 1833, followed by a record
of the author's travels through the same region. It contains interesting
observations on bird life, plants, inhabitants and physical features of the
particular part of the country explored.

BoUes, Frank. Land of the lingering snow, Houghton, 189L

Short essays describing country tramps near Boston, or in eastern Mas-
sachusetts. Gives much information concerning homes and habits of
birds.

Torrey, Bradford. Spring notes from Tennessee. Houghton,
1896.
Bird studies made on Tennessee battlefields.

Field-days in California. Houghton, 1913.

Fifteen genial essays and sketches, dealing mainly with bird-life in Cali-
fornia, but including also chapters on the Grand Canon, the Yosemite and
the redwood grove near Santa Cruz, and a delightful essay on the pleas-
ures of reading a checklist.

Haviland, Maud D. A summer on the Yenesei. Longmans,
1915.

The author, a keen observer of bird life, recounts the adventures of a
party of four, which traveled during the summer of 1914, 2,000 miles on
the Yenesei River. The friendly gossip of travel, descriptions of bird life
on the "tundra" and observations on the Siberian colonists and shy natives
are pleasantly intermingled. Good illustrations.

Beebe, Mary Blair and Charles William. Our search for a
wilderness. Holt, 1910.

An account of two ornithological expeditions, the first through the
jungle north of the Orinoco delta, the second through the wilderness of
British Guiana. The narrative is full of life, color and constant surprise.



CLASSICS OF TRAVEL

These are books of perennial interest. The literature of
Travel is largely ephemeral, but these have survived where
many later books have disappeared.



VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL 13

Borrow, George. The Bible in Spain ; or, The journeys, adven-
tures and imprisonments of an Englisliman in an attempt
to circulate the Scriptures in the peninsula ; new ed.,
with notes and a glossary, by U. R. Burke. Putnam.

A thrilling narrative of travel and adventure in Spain as it was in
1835.—//. R. Mill.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. English traits. Rev. ed. Houghton,
1891. First ed. 1856.

Its genuine insight into the real character and underlying forces of
English civilization makes this of enduring interest.

Hawthorne, Nathanial. Our old home and English note
books. Houghton. 2v.

The result of Hawthorne's consular life in England: the two are alike
and yet different, they resemble each other as an English flower garden
resembles an English park; in the one there is more of elaboration, in the
latter more of ease. — Atlatitic.

Heine, Heinrich. Pictures of travel. Translated by H. D.
Gillman. Low, 1907.

These witty and entertaining sketches are translated with liveliness and
ease, though not with scholarly exactness. They were first published in
Germany in 1831.

Irving, Washington. The Alhambra, with an introd. by E. R.
Pennell and illus. by Joseph Pennell. Macmillan, 1896.
First ed. Phil., 1832.

The charm of "The Alhambra" is largely in the leisurely, loitering,
dreamy spirit in which the temporary American resident of the ancient
palace-fortress entered into its mouldering beauties and romantic associa-
tions. — C. D. Warner. (B)

Kinglake, Alexander William. Eothen, with an introduction
by James Bryce. Century, 1900.

The record of a journey made to the East about 1835. It is delightfully
compounded of personal impressions with a small proportion of outward
facts.

Parkman, Francis. Oregon Trail. Illus. by Frederick Rem-
ington. Little, 1918.

Parkman's first book, describing his actual wanderings in 1846, with a
company of Siou.x Indians across the regions of the Platte river, buffalo
hunting in the Black hills and return through the Rocky mountains.



14 VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

Story, W. W. Roba di Roma. Ed. 8. Houghton, 1887. 2 v.
First ed., 1862.

The eye of an artist, the knowledge of a scholar, the sympathy of a lover
of the city and its people, combined to make this one of the best descrip-
tions of Rome.

Taylor, Bayard. Views a-foot ; or, Europe seen with knapsack
and staff; with pref. by N. P. Willis. Burt, 1902.

Two years' travel on foot through Germany, Italy and France, spending
$500 earned on the road.

Twain, Mark. The innocents abroad. Harper. First ed. 1869.

Besides much excellent fooling and vigorous destruction of what is
revered but not reverend, there is in "Innocents Abroad" a good deal of
fine, clear description of things seen. Indeed, the book is on the whole a
serious report of sights and events. — John Macy. (B)

Young, Arthur. Travels in France by Arthur Young during
the years 1787, 1788, 1789; with introd. biog. sketch, and
notes by M. Betham-Edwards. 3d ed. Macmillan, 1890.

Best contemporaneous account of landholding classes, replete with val-
uable economic object lessons.



THE DESERT

The fascination of the desert is the same whether it be in
the Old World or in the New.

Rendall, Montague John. Sinai in spring ; or, The best desert
in the world. Button, 1911.

A simple and very pleasing account of the author's journey to Mt. Sinai
by the old pilgrims' way, starting from the quarantine station of Tor. His
pleasure in the events of the trip, the life and beauty of the desert, and the
significance of all he saw he succeeds in passing on to his reader,
though he uses no "fine language." The forty-seven illustrations are
characteristic.

Woodberry, George Edward. North Africa and the desert;
scenes and moods. Scribner, 1914.

A reader rises from some descriptive passages [of this book] with the
full spell of the great waste upon him. ... In such passages and in
the simple narrative of the author's movements from place to place, and
his every-day observations of people, details of scenery, color, . . .
Mr. Woodberry's power and beauty of interpretation [is shown]. — Book-
buyer. (B)



VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL 15

Scully, William Charles. Lodges in the wilderness. Holt,
1916.

Mr. Scully is, or should be, well known as a writer on South African
subjects. His Kafir stones, with their unflinching directness of presenta-
tion and their vivid colouring, were not likely, once read, to be forgotten ;
and the volume before us shows something of the same quality. . . .
A real record of real experience, cUid a very attractive book. — Athen-
aeum. (B)

Austin, Mrs. Mary (Hunter), The land of little rain. Hough-
ton, 1903.

Describes with unusual fidelity the marvels of the desert, the strange
birds and beasts and flowers, the Indian, the greaser and the gold-hunter
Well illustrated.

Lummis, Charles F. Some strange corners of our country.
Century, 1892.

Contains descriptions of the American Sahara and the great cafion of
the Colorado, besides vivid characterizations of the Indian.

Prudden, Theophil Mitchell. On the great American plateau.
Putnam, 1906.

Impressionistic portrayal of formation, scenery, present and past inhab-
itants and life of the stranger in the deserts of Wyoming, Arizona and
New Mexico.

Van Dyke, John Charles. The desert ; further studies in nat-
ural appearance. New ed. Scribner, 1918.

"My book is only an excuse for talking about the beautiful things in
the desert world." — Preface.



EAST AND WEST

Studies in the reactions upon one another of orientals and
westerners. Books of somewhat similar interest will be found
under the heading Oriental Thought.

Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes. Appearances. Doubleday,
1914.

Detached sketches of institutions, places and types in the Far East and
America. There is in them a graceful blending of travel pictures, the
reflections and meditations of an experienced observer, and much sug-
gestive criticism, as the writer records the social and spiritual conflict
between the East and the West.

Cooper, Clayton Sedgwick. The modernizing of the Orient.
McBride. 1914.

In reply to the question. What has resulted from the mingling of East



16 VIEWPOINTS IN TRAVEL

and West, the writer makes an interesting study of conditions, as he has
observed them, in North Africa, India, China, Japan, and the Philippines.
He believes strongly that while the East has undoubtedly benefited by the
contact, the permanent modernizing of thought and society must grow out
of the "awakened, active brain and heart" of the East herself.

Noble, Margaret E. Studies from an Eastern home, by Sister
Nivedita. Longmans, 1913.

The author was an Irishwoman who embraced Vedantisni and founded
a school for Hindu girls in Calcutta. She loved the East and its people,
"above all, she loved their indifiference to the common aims of earthly
satisfaction, comfort, amusement and success, their perpetual conscious-
ness of eternal things, and their meditation upon the glories that human
thought appears at moments to reveal." — Nation (Eng.). These slight
sketches reveal to the West some of the charm and mystery of India.



EXPLORATIONS

These books are full of the thrill of discovery. Under the
heading Polar Exploration will be found records of both Arctic
and Antarctic expeditions. Some of the books under Antiquities
are also of interest as explorations.

Hedin, Sven Anders. Trans-Himalaya. Macmillan, 1909. 2 v.
$7.50.

A report of great scientific importance, revolutionizing the geography
of the Asiatic interior and giving political, social and economic data of
particular interest.

Johnston, Sir H. H. Nile quest ; a record of the exploration
of the Nile and its basin. Stokes, 1903.

Characterized by breadth of outlook which helps reader to grasp not a
mere succession of facts, but their relation to general currents of world
history. — Geographical Journal.

Landon, Perceval. Opening of Tibet; introd. by Colonel


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