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tihraxy of trhe t:heolo0ical Seminary





BR 756 .C58 v. 4:2

The church historians of














1485. Henry VII 3

1486. Maximilian the Emperor ibid.

1490. The Burning of Joan Boughton, and others 7

1499. Hieronymus Savonarola, with two Friars, Martyrs .... 8

Articles objected against Hierome and the two Friars ... 9
1499 The Ten Grievances complained of by the Germans, and the

to Remedy against them 11

1503. An Advertisement unto the Emperor Maximilian, of the Subtle

Practices of the Pope and Popish Prelates 13

A certain Godly Exhortation unto the Emperor's Majesty . . ibid.

The Edict of Maximilian the Emperor 14

A Letter of Jacobus Selestadiensis to the Emperor Maximilian,
in Answer to the Edict ibid.

1503. The History of the Turks 18

Ottoman, the First great Emperor of the Tmrks, A. D. 1300 . 25

Orchan, the Second Emperor ibid.

Amurath, the Third Emperor 26

Bajazet, the Fourth Emperor 27

Calephine, the Fifth Emperor 29

Orchan, Mahomet, and Amurath, the Sixth, Seventh, and

Eighth Emperors 30

Mahomet II., the Ninth Emperor 36

Bajazet II., the Tenth Emperor 44

Seiim, the Eleventh Emperor 48

Solyman, the Twelfth Emperor 51

A Notice touching the Miserable Persecution, Slaughter, and
Captivity of the Christians under the Turks, and the Authors

of the Turks' Story 79

The Division of Asia Minor, called Chersonesus 88

Africa 91




1503 The Propliccies of the Holy Scriptures considered, touching
tiic Coming up, and final Ruin and Destruction, of this
wicked Kingdom of the Turks ; -with the Revelations and
Foresliowings also of other authors concerning the same . 93
A Comparison between the Syrians and the Turks . . . , 96
The Prophecies of Methodius, Hildegarde, and others, con-
cerning the Reign and Ruin of the Turks 109

Interpretation of Prophecy 112

A Prayer against the Turks 121

1500 William Tylsworth, Martyr, burned at Amersham . . . .123

to The cruel handling of Thomas Chase, of Amersham ; wickedly

1506. strangled and martyred in the Bishop's Prison at Woburn,

under William Smith, Bishop of Lincoln 124

Laurence Ghest, Martyr 126

1508 A notable Story of a faithful Woman, burned in Chipping

Sudbury 127

Verses upon Thomas Wittington, who was slain by a bull . 129

1509 John Blomstone, and eight others, persecuted at Coventry . 133
The Names of the Archbishops of Canterbuiy contained in the

Sixth Book 136

A Brief Note, with a Recapitulation of Ancient Ecclesiastical
Laws, by sundry Kings of this realm ordained, for Govern-
ment of the Church before the Conquest ibid.

The proud primacy of Popes described ; in order of their rising
up, by little and little, from fiuthful Bishops and Martyrs,
to become Lords and Governors over Kings and Kingdoms,
exalting themselves in the Temple of God. above all that is

called God 139

The First Rising of the Bishops of Rome 140

The Words of St. Paul expounded 141

The Exaltation of Popes above Kings and Emperors, out of

Histories 142

The Image of Antichrist exalting himself in the Temple of
God, above all that is called God ; out of his own decrees,
decretals, extravagants, pontificals, &c., word for word, as
it is out of the said books here alleged and quoted . . 145

An Alphabetical List of the Authorities here alluded to . . 157
Casus Papales LI. apud Fratrem Astesanum, sive de Ast. Doc-
torem solemnem in summa confessionis. Item apud Hostien-
sem, de offic. legat. reperti et his vcrsibus comprchensi. . 161
Cases Papal to the number of one and lift}' ; wherein the Pope
hath power to dispense, and none else besides . . . .162



1509. Henry VIII 166

The Tenor of the Pope's Bull, for the Conception of the Virgin

to be without Sin 168

1509 The State and Succession of Princes 173

to The History of divers good Men and Women, persecuted for

1518. Religion in the city and diocese of the Bishop of London :

briefly extracted out of the Registers of Richard Fitzjamcs ;

with their Examinations ibid.

Joan Baker, and tliirty-nine others 175

The Deatli and Martyrdom of William Sweeting and John

Brewster 180

John Brown, Martyr 181



1,509 The Story of Richard Hun, Martyr ; with the Articles against

to him 183

1518. New Articles commenced against him after his death . . . 186

A solemn process of Fitzjames, Bishop of London, against Hun

being dead 188

The Verdict of the Inquest 190

The Depositions of Thomas Chicheley, Thomas Simondes,
Robert Johnson, John Spalding, Peter Turner, John Enderby,

Allen Cress well, and Richard Horsenail 192

Copy of the Letter of Richard Fitzjames, the Bishop of London,

sent to Cardinal Wolsey 196

The Words that the Bishop of London spake before the Lords,

in the Parhament-house . ibid.

The sentence of the Inquest subscribed by the Coroner . . ibid.
Tenor of the King's Letter in behalf of Richard Hun . . 197

A Defence of Richard Hun, against Sir Thomas More and

AlanuB Copus 198

Elizabeth Stamford, and others 205

The Names of divers others, who, in the Registers, be specified

to abjure 206

John South wick ibid.

John Stilman, and the Articles against him 207

Thomas Man, Martyr, and his Articles 208

Robert Cosin, of Buckingham, and William Sweeting, alias

Gierke, Martyrs 214

James Brewster, of Colchester, Martyr . ...... 215

Christopher Shoemaker, of Great Messenden, Martyr . . .217
Captious InteiTogatories ministered commonly by the Bishop

of Lincoln, against certain Examinates 219

1518 A Table describing the grievous AfHictions of good Men, in the

to Diocese of Lincoln, under John Longland, the Bishop, with

1521. the names both of the accusers and of them that were ac-

cused ; also with the crimes to them objected ; out of the

Registers of the said Diocese, a.d. 1521 221

Copy of the King's Letter for the aid of John Longland, Bishop
of Lincoln, against the Servants of Christ, falsely then called

Heretics 241

The Names of those who were abjured in the Diocese of

Lincoln, with a buief Summary of their Opinions .... 242
Copy of the Bishop's Letter to the Abbot of Enshani . . . 244
Penance enjoined under pain of relapse, by John Longland,

Bishop of Lincoln, Dec. 19, 1521 ibid.

The Names of them that were condemned for Relapse, and com-
mitted unto the Secular Power 245

Doctor John Colet, Dean of St. Paul's 246

The Beginning of the Reformation of the Church of Christ, in

the time of Martin Luther 250

Prophecies, going before Martin Luther, touching the Reform-
ation of the Church 253

The A. B. C. against the Pride of the Clergy 259

The History of Doctor Martin Luther, with his Life and Doc-
trine described 260

Review of Luther's Conduct and Writings 264

Substance of the Pope's Charge to his Legate, against Luther. 270
Protestation of Luther, with his Answer and Propositions

before the Cardinal 271

1521. The Acts and Doings of Martin Luther before the Emperor, at

the City of Worms 281

Luther's Answer to Eckius 284

The Emperor's Letter against Luther, and the Consultation

upon it ; Doctor Voeus's Oration, and Luther's Answer, &c. 287
The usual Prayer of Martin Luther 292



1521. Pope Adrian VI. to the renowned Princes of Germany, and to

the Peers of the Roman Emperors 295

1522> Instnictions given by Pope Adrian to Charegatus, his Legate,

touching his Proceedings in the Diet of Nuremberg, how and
by what persuasions the Princes were to be moved against

Luther 298

The Answer of the Noble and Reverend Princes, and of the
States of his Sacred Roman Empire, exhibited to the Pope's

Ambassador 303

Certain Grievances or Oppressions of Germany, against the
Court of Rome, collected and exhibited by the Princes, at
the Council of Nuremberg, to the number of a hundred,
whereof certain Specialities follow 308

1523. An Litimation given by Piiilip Melancthon to his Auditory at

Wittenberg, of the decease of Martin Luther, A.D.-1546 . . 320

A Prayer after the manner of Luther 321

Summary of Popish Decrees made at the Council of Ratisbon. 325
The History of the Helvetians or Switzers ; how they first re-
covered their liberty, and afterwards were joined in league

together ibid.

The Acts and Doings of Uldricus Zuinglius : and the Receiving

of the Gospel in Switzerland 327

Constitutions decreed in the Council of Bern 329

Answer of the Tigurines, or Men of Zurich, to the five Towns

of the Switzers

Message from the Council to the City of Strasberg .... 339
A Letter of Uldricus Zuinglius to N., his brother in the Lord. 316
Henry Voes and John Esch, Friars Augustine, burnt at Brus-
sels, a.d. 1523 349

1524. Henry Sutphen, Monk, a MartjT at Dithmarsch 350

Letter of Solyman the great Turk, to the Master of the Rhodes, ibid.
The lamentable Martyrdom of John Clerk, at Meaux, in

France 361

1525. The History of a good Pastor, murdered for preaching of the

Gospel : written by John fficolampadius 365

The like History of the Death of a certain Minister, named

Master Peter Spengler, who was drowned : collected by

CEcolampadius 366

Another History of a certain Man of the Country, wrongfully

put to death : collected by John G^^colampadius .... 369
The Story and Martyrdom of Wolfgangiis Schuch, a German,

burned at Lorraine 371

1526. John Huglein, Martyr, burned at Mersburg 373

1527. George Carpenter, of Emerich, Martyr, burned in the town of

Munich, in Bavaria 374

The History of Leonard Kcyser, ^NLirtAT, burned at Schar-

dingham " . . . ' 376

Wendelmuta, Widow, Martyr ; at the Hague 377

Peter Flisteden and Adolphus Clarebach, put to death at

Cologne 378

1524 A Table of the Names and Causes of such Martyrs as gave their
to lives for the testimony of the (lospel, in Germany, France,

1555. Spain, Italy, and other Foreign Countries, since Luther's

time : in which table are contained the Persecutions, the
ALirtjTs, and the Causes of their Martyrdom :

The Martyrs of Germany 379

Great Persecution in Gaunt, and other parts of Flanders, by
the Friars and Priests tliereof 383

1525 Another Table of those that suffered in France, for the like
fo witness of his Gospel :

15G0, The French Martyrs 396



1540 A Table of certain Martyrs, who, for the cause of Religion,

to suffered in Spain :

1560. The Spanish Martyrs 447

The Form and Manner of the Execrable Inquisition of Spain. 451
Thirty Christian Prisoners brought before the Council of the

Inquisition 453

1546 A Table of such Martyrs as suffered for the testimony of the

to Gospel, in Italy :

1560. The Italian Martyrs 458

Eighty-eight Martyrs in one day, with one butcherly knife,

slain like sheep. Sixteen hundred others also condemned

at Calabria 472

1530 A Notable History of the Persecution and Destruction of the

to People of Merindol and Cabriers, in the Country of Pro-

1547. vence 474

An Oration of Catiline, that is, the Oration of the Bishop of

Aix, seditious and bloody 482

An Oration of Bassinet in reply to the Bishop of Aix, followed

by another 483

Supplication of the Inhabitants of Cabriers, and the Answer of

Cardinal Sadolet

The Words of Durandi to the MerindoHans, with their Answer. 496
Notes upon the History of Merindol, above recited .... 505
1555 The History of the Persecutions and Wars against the people

to called Waldenses or Waldois ; in the Valleys of Angrogne,

1561. Lucerne, St. Martin, Pei'ouse and others; in the county of
Piedmont 507

Substance of the Articles and Confessions of the Angrognians,
exhibited to the President ; Avith their Interrogatories and the

Answer to them 510

The Crafty Message of tlie Lord of Trinity to the Angrognians,

with their Answer 525

Conditions and Articles proposed to the Waldois 548

Conclusions and Articles lastly agreed upon between the Right
Honourable Lord of Ranconis, on the part of the Duke's
Highness, and those of the Valleys of Piedmont, called the

Waldois 549

The Conclusion of the Story of Merindol and Cabriers . . .553
The Story of a Christian Jew martyred by the Turks . . . 555
The Conclusion ibid.



1519 The History of Seven Godly Martyrs burnt at Coventry . .557

to Robert Silkeb, a. d. 1521 558

1527. Patrick Hamelton, martyred at St. Andrew's, in Scotland,

A. D. 1527 ibid.

Articles and Opinions objected against Master Patrick Hamel-
ton, by James Beton, Bishop of St. Andrew's; followed by
his Sentence 559

1527. The Copy of a Letter congratulator}' sent from the Doctors of

Louvain to the Archbishop of St. Andrew's and Doctors of
Scotland, commending them for the Death of Master Patrick
Hamelton 561

1528. A Brief Treatise of Master Patrick Hamelton, called ' Patrick's

Places;' translated into English by John Frith, with the
Epistle of the said Frith prefixed before the same ; treating
of the Doctrine of the Law ; the Doctrine of Faith ; of
Hope ; of Charity, etc 503



1528. Certain Brief Notes or Declarations upon the aforesaid places

of Master Patrick Hanielton 572

Henry Forest martjTcd at St. Andrew's, in Scotland .... 578
James Hamelton, Katherine Hamelton ; a wife of Leith ;
David Straton, and Master Norman Gurley ; the two last

burned 579

1530. Thomas Harding, an aged Father, dwelling at Chesham in

Buckinghamshire, a. d. 15,32 580

Persecution of simple men in the diocese of Lincoln . . . 582
A Table of all such as were abjured in King Henry's days,

after the first beginning of Luther 585

A Brief Discourse concerning the Storj' and Life of Thomas
Wolsey, late Cardinal of York, by way of digression ; wherein
is to be seen and noted the express image of the proud, vain-
glorious Church of Rome, how far it diSereth from the true

Church of Christ Jesus 587

1527 The Sacking of Rome and Taking of Pope Clement .... 592

to The Copy of an ambitious Letter written by Thomas Wolsey,

1530. Cardinal of York, unto Stephen Gardiner, one of King

Henry's Orators in the Court of Rome, for procuring of the

papal dignity to the said Cardinal 600

Instructions sent by the King's Highness to his Tnistj' Coun-
cillors and Servants, Master Stephen Gardiner, Doctor of
both Laws; Sir Francis Brian, Sir Gregory de Cassalis,
Knights; and Mr. Petre Vanne, the King's Secretary for the
Italian tongue ; his Ambassadors in the Court of Rome, for
the Election of the Cardinal of Y'ork to the Papacy, if Pope

Clement were dead

Grievances objected against the Clergy of England . . , .611
Articles objected against Cardinal \Volsev ." 614

1530. The Trouble of Humphrey Mummuth, Alderman of London . 617

Thomas Hitten, burned at Maidstone 619

Thomas Bilney ; also Thomas Arthur, who abjured at Nor-
wich ibid.

1531. Articles against Thomas Arthur 623

Interrogatories objected against Arthur and Bilney .... 624

Bilney 's Answers to the Interrogatories 625

A Brief Summary or Collection of certain Depositions, deposed

by the several witnesses aforenamed, upon certain interroga-
tories ministered unto them for the inqiuiy of ]\Iaster Bil-
ney 's Doctrine and Preaching; with certain other articles . 627

A Dialogue between Friar John Brusierd and Master Thomas
Bilney at Ipswich, concerning Worshipping of Images . 628

The Submission of Master Thomas Bilney 631

A Letter of Master Thomas Bilney to Cuthbert Tonstal, Bishop
of London 633

Another Letter from the same to the same 636

A Letter of Master Bilney, to Tonstal, Bishop of London, fruit-
ful and necessary for all Ministers to read 639

Master StalTord, of Cambridge 656

The Story of Master Simon Fish, author of ' The Supplication
of Beggars ' Hid.

A certain Libel or Book entitled 'The Supplication of Beggars,'
thrown and scattered at the Procession in Westminster, on
Candlemas-day, before King Henry VIII,; for him to read
and peruse. Made and compiled by Master Fish . . . 659

The Names of the Books that were forbidden at this time,
together with the New Testament 667

A com])endii)u$ old Treatise, showing how we ought to have
the Scriptures in English (i71

A Proclamation for the resisting and withstanding of most
danuiable Heresies, sown within this Realm by the Disciples



1531 of Luther and other Heretics, perverters of Christ's Re-
ligion , • ;• / ^''^

The Copy of a Letter sent by Bishop Nixe, of Norwich, which
was taken out of the Letter subscribed with his own hand . 679

Richard Bayfield, Martyr ^- " ?o2

Articles laid against Richard Bayfield, and his Answers to them. bbZ
The Sentence given against him ...... ,•••.* ^^*

The Sentence of Degradation given against blessed Bayfield,

with the Proceedings thereon , " .^ ; ^^^

The Letters of Requiry, directed to the Mayor and Sheriffs of
the City of London, that they should be present that day,
when the Sentence should be given, to receive the Heretic

(as they called him) that was condemned 687

John Tewkesbury, leatherseller, of London, Martyr . _ . .688
The Examination of John Tewkesbury, before Tonstal, bishop

of London


Articles extracted out of the Book of 'The Wicked Mammon.' 690
Another Examination of John Tewkesbury, on Articles drawn

out of ' The Wicked Mammon ' 691

Additional Articles objected against John Tewkesbury . . .692

The Sentence against him ^^>*

John Randall \ -o" • " ' ' •? ^

The Story and Apprehension of Edward Freese, a Fainter . lOicl.

James Bainham, Lawyer and Martyr 697

Interrogatories against James Bainham 698

1532. The Process against James Bainham, in case of Relapse . ./02

John Bent, Martyr J^f

One Trapnel, Martyr ',/ • ' .J-J

Robert King, Robert Dedham, and Nicholas Marsh, Martyrs, tbid.


King Henry the Eighth in Council page 165

The Murder of Richard Hun , . 184

Seven Godly Martyrs burnt at Coventry 557

Thomas Bilney twice plucked from the Pulpit 627


converted, was bid to step up to the stage ; where tlie people beginning to give French

a little audience, thus he said ; ' O Lord, make haste to help me ! tarry not ! Jiistory.
do not despise the work of thy hands ! And you, my brethren ! that be students


and scholars, I exhort 3'ou to study and learn the gospel: for the word of God
abideth for ever. Labour to know the will of God ; and fear not them that kill
the bodj', but have no power upon your souls.' And after that, ' My flesh,' , , ,°^
said he, ' repugneth marvellously against the Spirit ; but shortly I shall cast it
away. My good masters! I beseech ye pray for me. O Lord my God! into His
thy hands I commend my soul.' As he was oft repeating the same, the hang- TTh^
man took and haled him upon the steps in such sort, that he strangled him. students.
And thus that blessed saint gave up his life ; whose body afterward" was with
fire consumed.

Francis Bribard, martyred ad. 1544.

Francis Bribard was said to be the secretary of the cardinal of Bellay ; who
being also for the gospel condemned, after his tongue was cut off, did with like
constancy sustain the sharpness of burning.^

William Husson, an Apothecary at Rouen, was persecuted by the
High Court of Rouen, by a Widow keeping a Victualling-house
in the Suburbs of Rouen, and by a Carmelite Friar, a.d. 1544.

William Husson, apothecary, coming from Blois to Rouen, was lodged with
a certain widow in the suburbs of the city; who asking her, at what time the
council or parliament did rise , she said at ten o'clock. About which time and
hour he went to the palace, and there scattered certain books concerning chris-
tian doctrine, and the abuse of men's traditions; whereat the council was so
moved, that they commanded all the gates of the city to be locked, and diligent
search to be made in all inns and hostelries, to find out the author. Then the
widow told of the party who was there, and asked of the rising of the council ;
and shortly upon the same he took his horse and rode away. Then were
posts set out through all quarters, so that the said William was taken by the Boldness
way riding to Dieppe, and brought again to Rouen ; who, being there examined, stant """
declared his faith boldly, and how he came of purpose to disperse those books martj-r.
in Rouen, and went to do the like at Dieppe.

The week ensuing he was condemned to be burnt alive. After the sentence
given, he was brought in a cart, accompanied with a doctor, a Carmelite friar,
before the great church, who putting a torch into his hand required him to do
homage to the image of our Lady, which because he refused to do, his tongue
was cut out. The friar then, making a sermon, when he spake any thing of
the mercies of God, the said William hearkened to him ; but when he spake
of the merits of saints, and other dreams, he turned away his head.^ The friar
looking upon the countenance of Husson, lift up his hand to heaven, saying
with great exclamation, that he was damned, and was possessed with a devil.
When the friar had ceased his sermon, this godly Husson had his hands and Cruelty
feet boimd behind his back, and with a pidley was lifted up into the air ; and of the
when the fire was kindled, he was let down into the flame, where the blessed saries"
martyr with a smiling and cheerful countenance looked up to heaven, never
moving nor stirring till he let down his head, and gave up his spirit. All the
people the-'-e present were not a little astonied thereat, and were in divers
opinions, some saying that he hiid a devil, others maintained the contrary, Friar
saying. If he had a devil, he should have fallen into despair. Mnveu-

This Carmelite friar abovesaid was called Delanda, who afterwards was ed.
converted, and preached the gospel.^

James Cobard, a Schoolmaster, and many others taken at the same
time, A.D. 1545. Their Persecutors were Three Popish Priests,
and the Duke of Lorraine.

This James, schoolmaster in the city of St. Michael in the dukedom^ of
Bar in Lorraine, disputed, with three priests, that the sacrament of baptism,
(1) Ex Crisp. (2) Custodite vos a simulachris. IJohn v.

(3) Ex Gallic. Hist. Crisp, lib. ii. [That is, ' Histoire des vray tesmoins de la verite de rEvcn-
gile,"p. 131, Edition 1570. Lib.iil. p. 155, Edition 1619.— Ed.]


French and of the supper did not avail, unless tlicy were received with faith : which
^"'<"-y- was as much as to say, that the mass did profit neither the quick nor dead. For
^ £) this, and also for his confession, which he being in prison sent of his own accord
1525 ^y '"'^ mother unto the judge, he was burned, and most quietly suffered.'

1560. Fourteen blessed Martyrs burnt at Meaux, a.d. 1546. Their Per-
secutors were the Franciscan Friars, the Doctors of Sorbonne, and

Peter Ic Clerc, brotlier to Jolm Ic Clerc burnt before, Stephen
Mangine, .James Bouchbcck, Jolin Brisebar, Henry Butinot,
Thomas Honnore, John Baudouin, Jolm Flesch, Peter and John
Picquere, John Mateflon, Philip Petit, Michael Caillon, and
PVancis le Clerc.

Arp''dix These fourteen dwelt at ISIeaux, a city in France, ten leagues from Paris,
where William Briconet, being there bishop, did much good, brought to them
the light of the gospel, and reformed the church : who, straitly being examined
for the same, relented; but yet these with many other remained constant.
AVho, after the burning of James Pavanes before-mentioned, and seeing
superstition to grow more and more, began to congregate in Mangine's house,
and to set up a church to themselves, after the example of the French church in
Strasburg. For their minister they chose Peter le Clerc. First they beginning with
A French twenty or thirty, did grow in short time to three or four hundred : whereupon
ciiurch the matter being known to the senate of Paris, the chamber was beset where
Meaux!' ^^'^^^ were, and they taken ; of whom sixty-two men and women were bound

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