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God hath laid upon him all our iniquities," etc.
Article XV. *' Hc saith, ' No man may be hired to pray.' " Fol. 155.
The words in " The Obedience" be true, which are these:

'To pray one for another, are we equally bound : and to pray, is a thing tliat
we may always do, whatsoever we have in liand; and that to do, may no mai*
hire another: Christ's blood hath hired us already;' etc.

Article. XVI. *' He saith, * Why should I trust in Paul's prayer or holi-
ness.'^' If St. Paul were alive, he would compare himself to St.
Paul, and be as good as he." Fol. 159.
The words of Tyndale be these :

The ' Why, am not I also a f;xlse prophet, if I teach thee to trast in Paul, or in

words of )iis liolincss or prayer, or in anything save in God's word, as Paul did? If
import no 1'''*^'^ were here, and loved me as he loved them of his time, to whom he was a
such servant to preach Christ, what good could he do for me, or wish me, but preach
meaning c},rist^ jjjj^ pray to God for me, to open my heart, to give me his Spirit, and to
article. bring me to the full knowledge of Christ I Unto which port or haven when I

am once come, I am as safe as Paid, fellow with Paul, joint heir with Paul of

all the promises of God;' etc.

Article. XVII. " He saith, that all that be baptized, become Christ
himself." Fol. 163.

With this article confer the words of " The Obedience," whicli
be these :

' In Matt. XXV. saith Christ, Inasmuch as ye have done it to any of the
least of these my brethren, ye have done it to me : and inasmuch as ye have
not done it unto one of the least of these, ye have not done it unto me. Ileve
secst thou that we are Christ's brethren, and even Christ himself, and whatso-
ever we do one to another, that do we to Christ V etc.


iirlicle is





hcTi-iy is
in this {

XVIII. " He saith, that the children of faith be under no law."
Fol. 163.

The words of Tyndale be these :

' I serve thee not because thou art my master or my king, for hope of reward
or fear of pain, but for the love of Christ. For the children of faith are under
no law, as thou seest in the epistles to the Romans, to the Galatians, and tlie
first of Tinu)thy, but are free. The Spirit of Christ hath written the lively law
of love in their hearts, which driveth them to work of their own accord, freely
ami williiiglv, for tlie great love's sake only which they see in Christ; and,
therefore, need they no law to compel them,' etc.

XIX. "There is no deed so good, but that the law condemneth
it." Fol. 167.

The place in " The Obedience" is this :

'Thou hast the story of Peter, how he smote Malchus' ear, and how Clirist
healed it again. There liast thou, in the ])lain text, great learning, great fruit,
and groat edifying, which I pass over. Then come I, when I preach of the
law and the gospel, ami borrow this example, to express the nature of the law
and of till" gospel, and to paint it unto thee before thine eyes; and of Peter and
liis sword make I the law, and of Christ tlie gospel, saying. As Peter's sword
''utteth otf the ear, so doth the law. The law damneth, the law killeth and


maiigleth the conscience. There is no ear so righteous, that can abide the Henry

hearing of the law. There is no deed so good, but that the hiw damneth it. vill.

But Christ (that is to say, the gospel, the promises and testament that God hath ^ jy.

made in Christ), healeth the ear and conscience, which the law hath hurt.' 1546

XX. " To ask of God more than he hath promised, cometh of a Article,
false faith, and is plain idolatry." P'ol. 171.

The words of Tyndale are these :

' Look wherein thou canst best keep the commandments ; thither get thyself, ^Vhat
and there abide,' etc. ' If we have infirmities that draw us from the laws of God, ,f ^tl. »*
let us cure them with the remedies that God hath made. If thou burn, marry;
for God hath promised thee no chastity, as long as thou mayest use the remedy
that he hath ordained ; no more than he hath promised to slack thine hunger
without meat. Now, to ask of God more than he hath promised, cometh of a
false faith, and is plain idolatry,' etc.

XXI. " Our pain-taken in keeping the commandments, doth Artide.
nothing but purge the sin that remainetli in the flesh ; but to look

for any other reward or promotion in heaven, than God hath promised
for Christ's sake, is abominable in the sight of God." Fol. 171.
Consider the place in " The Obedience," which is this :

'To look for any other reward or promotion in heaven, or in the life to come,
than that wliich God hath promised for Chi'ist's sake, and which Christ hath
deserved for us with his pain-taking, is abominable in the sight of God; for
Clirist only hath purchased the reward. And our pain-taking to keep the com-
mandments, doth but purge the sin that remaineth in the flesh, and certify
us, that we are chosen and sealed with God's Spirit, unto the reward that
Christ hath purchased for us.'

XXII. " The pope hath no other authority but to preach only."" Article.
Fol. 173.

Christ said to Peter, " Feed my sheep ;"* " and thou being con-
verted, confirm thy brethren."* And to his apostles he said, " Go
ye into all the world and preach the gospel," etc. Again, St. PauP
saitli, that Christ sent him not to baptize, but to preach : to what
other office or function he sent the pope, let them judge, Avho con-
sider the Scriptures.'*

XXIII. " If thou bind thyself to chastity, to obtain that which Article.
Christ purchased for thee, so surely art thou an infidel." Fol. 175.

Read and confer the place of Tyndale, which is this :

'Chastity canst thou not give to God, further than God lendeth it thee. If Chastity,
thou canst not live chaste, thou art bound to marry, or to be damned. Last of all
for what purpose thou bindest thyself, must be seen. If thou do it to obtain
thereby that which Christ hath purchased for thee, so art thou an infidel, and
hast no part with Christ. If thou wilt see more of this matter, look in
Deuteronomy, and there thou shalt find it more largely entreated.'

XXIV. "He denieth, rebuketh, and damneth miracles." Fol. 176. Article.
The words in Tyndale's "Obedience" be these :

' And when they cry Miracles, Miracles, remember that God hath made Miracles
an everlasting testament with us in Christ's blood ; against which we may '^°^''' ^^'^
receive no miracles, no, neither the preaching of Paul himself, if he came agairi i^ueved
(by his own teaching to the Galatians), neither yet by the preaching of the
angels of heaven,' etc.

(1) John xxi. (2) Luke xxii. (31 1 Cor. i.

(4) This heresy is only to the pope • but none at all to God.


Henry ' The end of God's miracles is good : the end of these miracles is e\-il. For
^itf- the offerings, which are the cause of the miracles, do but minister and maintain
^ jj vice, sin, and all abomination, and are given to them that have too much, so
1546 ^''^^ ^^^ very abundance they foam out their own shame, and corrupt the whole
'— world with the stench of their filthiness.' Fol. 159.

XXV. " He saith, that no man should serve God with good
intent or zeal ; for it is plain idolatry." Fol. 177.
The place is this in " The Obedience :"

' Remember Saul was cast away of God for ever, for his good intent God
■quireth obedience unto his wi ' " "

;al3 which are without God's wc
woid. and worshipping of false Gods.'


iriaum't requireth obedience unto his word, and abhorreth all good intents and good
God's zeah which are without God's word ; for they are nothing else but plain idolatry-,


Article. I. '-'• To bind a man perpetually to any vow of religion, is without
doubt an error." Fol. 19.

The place of the book called " The Revelation," whence this
article is gathered, is this that followeth :

' Which the fathers did neither make nor keep (he meaneth vows), but with
the liberty of the spirit, binding no man perpetually to them. For, if they did,
without doubt, they erred according to man's fragility.'

Article. II. " To sav the constitutions of religion are good, because holy
men did ordain them, as Augustine, Benedict, Francis, Dominic,
and such others, and to follow such examples of fathers, is to leave
the faith." Fol. 19.

The place of the article is this :

' But they object, The statutes and ordinances are good : holy men did make
them, as Augustine, Benedict, Bernard, Francis, Dominic, and such others.
To this I answer, that is even it, that Christ and the apostles did mean,' that
these works should be like to those things which are taught in the gospel, for
that the}' call counterfeiting of the doctrine, and privily bringing in of sects
and heresies, because they take only of the fathers examples of works, and
leave the faith,' etc.

Article. III. " All moral divines have a wicked conscience, full of scru-
pulosity.'' Fol. 3.

Moral divines be they, whose doctrine and hope of salvation con-
sisteth in moral virtues, rather than in christian faith, apprehending
the free promises of God in Christ. And they that be such, can
never be certified in conscience of their salvation, but always be full
of fear and scrupulosity. St. Paul, therefore, saith, " It is therefore
of faith, that it might come by grace, and the promise might be firm
and s'jre to the whole sccd.""^

Artirie. IV. " Moral virtues, as justice, temperance, strength, chastity,
described bv natural reason, make a svnagogue, and corrupt Clirist's
faith." Fol. G4.

(1) Tranilafed by John Frith, A.D. 1529. (8vo. Marlborow in Hecse). This work, and ' The Sum
of the Scripturcf,' we extremely icarce.— £d.

(2) 2 Pet. U. (3) Rom. iv.

"the revklation of antichrist.'"' ' 683

The place of this article, gathered out of " The Revelation," is Henry
this :

' So many he (the pope he meaneth) corrupteth, as he hath suhdued and led ' '
under liis laws and empery. And who is he in the world that is not subject '^ '
under him, except they be infants, or peradventure some simple persons, who
are reserved by the inscrutable counsel and provision of God? O thou man of
sin ! O thou son of perdition ! O thou abomination ! O thou corrupter ! O thou
author of evil consciences ! O thou false master of good consciences ! O thou
enemy of faith and christian liberty ! Who is able to rehearse, yea, or to com-
prehend in his mind, the infinite waves of this monstrous king's evils?''

' If he had ordained these his laws in those works of virtues that are com-
mended in the ten precepts, or else in such as the philosophers and natural
reason did describe, as are justice, strength, temperance, chastity, mildness,
truth, goodness, and such others, peradventure they should only have made a
synagogue, or else have ordained in the world a certain civil justice ; for,
through these, faith also should have been coiTupted, as it was among the Jews.
Howbeit, now he keepeth not himself within these bounds, but runneth at riot,
and more at large, raising infinite tempests of mischief, enticing and drawing
us to ceremonies, and his own feigned traditions, and bindeth us like asses and
ignorant fools, yea and like stocks unto them,' etc.

V. " Christ took away all laws, and maketh us free and at liberty ; Article
and most of all he suppressetli all ceremonies." Fol. 63, 65.

The place of this article, gathered out of " The Revelation," is
this :

' Christ, taking away all laws to make us free and at liberty, did most of all
suppress and disannul the ceremonies, which did consist in places, persons, gar-
ments, meats, days, and such other ; so that their use should be to all men
most free and inditlerent,' etc.

What he meaneth by taking away all laws, lie declareth a little
before, saying :

' He hath not delivered us from the law, but from the power and violence of
the law, which is the very true loosing. But, for all that, he hath not taken
away from the powers and officers their right, sword, and authority to punish
the evil : for such pertain not to his kingdom, until they are made spiritual ;
and then freely and with a glad heart they serve God.'

VI. " If the pope would make all the observation of the cere- Article,
monies, as Lent, fasting, holy-days, confession, matrimony, mass,
matins, and relics, etc., free and indifferent, he should not be Anti-
christ ; but now, because he commandoth them in the name of Christ,

he utterly corrupteth the church, suppressetli the faith, and advanceth
sin." Fol. 67.

If the pope will infer a necessity of those things which Christ
leaveth free and indifferent, then what doth he make himself but
Antichrist ? The article is plain, and is founded upon the doctrine
of Christ, and St. Paul.

VII. " To believe in Christ, maketh sure inheritors with Christ." Article.
Fol. 1.

VIII. " If a man say, ' Then shall we do no good works ?' I an- Amcie
swer as Christ did : ' This is the work of God to believe in him whom

he hath sent.' " Fol. 1.

(1) By this king, he meaneth the kinsj effaces which Daniel speaketh of in the eighth chapter.
[Dan. .viii, 23. ' A king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences.' See also Note I,
p.age 589.— Ed.]


Ji'irv The place of tlicse two articles, gathered out of " The Revelation/
nil. '


is this :

« Who is this light, that we are exhorted to believe in ? Truly it is Christ, as

. :_ St. Jolin doth testify. lie was the true lijLcht, that lighteneth all men who come

into the world.' To believe in this light, maketh us the children of light, and
the sure inheritors with Jesus Christ. Even now have we cruel adversaries,
who set up their bristles, saying, Why! shall we then do no good works? To
these we answer, as Christ did to tlie people, in the si.xth of St. John, who
asked him what they sliould do, that they might work the works of God. Jesus
answered and said unto them. This is the work of God, that ye believe in him
whom he hath sent. And after it followeth. Verily, verily I say unto you, he
that believeth on me hath everlasting life. To this also conscnteth St. John,
in his epistle, saying, These things have I WTitten unto you that believe on the
name of the Son of God, that you may surely know, how that you have eternal
life. — What is the name of the Son of God ? Truly his name is Jesus, that is to
say, a Saviom- ; therefore thou must believe that he is a Saviour.

' lint what availeth this ? The devils do thus believe and tremble. ^ They
know, that he is the Son of God, and said unto him, crying, O Jesu, the Son
of God ! what have we to do with thee? They know, that he hath redeemed
mankind by his passion, and they laboured to let it : for when Pilate was set
down to give judgment, his wife sent unto him, saying. Have thou nothing to
do with that just man ; for I have suffered many things this day in my sleep
about him. 3 No doubt she was vexed of the devil, to the intent that she should
persuade her luisband to give no sentence upon him, so that Satan might the
longer have had jurisdiction over mankind. They know, that he hath sup-
pressed sin and death ; as it is written. Death is consumed into victory. Death,
where is thy sting ? Ilell, where is thy victory ? The sting of death is sin ; the
strength of sin is the law ; but thanks be unto God which hath given us victory
through our Lord Jesus Christ : who by sin damned sin in the flesh. For God
made him to be sin for us, that is to say, a sacrifice for our sin (and so is sin
taken in many places) which knew no sin, that we, by his means, shoidd be
that righteousness, which before God is allowed.* It is not, therefore, sufficient
to believe that he is a Saviour and Redeemer ; but that he is a Saviour and
Redeemer unto thee,' etc.

Article. IX. " Numbering of sins niakcth a man more a sinner, yea, a
blasphemer of the name of God." Fol. 3.

The place of this article, gathered out of " The Revelation," is this :

' Acknowledge thyself a siimer, that thou mayest be justified. Not that tlie
immbering of thy sins can make thee righteous, but rather a greater sinner,
yea, and a blasphemer of the holy name of God, as thou nia3est see in Cain,
who said that his sins were greater than that he might receive forgiveness; and
so was a reprol)ate,' etc.

Article. X. " God biudcth us to that which is impossible for us to accom-
plish." Fol. 3.

The place of this article, gathered out of '* The Revelation,'''' is this :

' If thou ask of me, why lie bindeth us to that which is impossible for us to
accomplish, thou shalt have St. Augustine's answer, who saith, in the second
hook that he wrote to Jerome, that the law was given us, that we might know
what to do, and what to eschew ; to the intent that when we see ourselves not
able to do that which we are boimd to do, nor avoid the contrarv, we may then
know what we shall pray for, and of whom we shall ask this strength, so that
we may say unto our Father, Good Father! conunand whatsoever it pleaseth
thee, but give us thy grace to fultil what thou connnandest. And when we
perceive that we caimot fidfil his will, yet let us confess that the law is good
and holy, and that we are sinners and carnal, sold under sin.* Eut let us not

(I) John i. (?) James ii.; Malt. viii. (S) Matt. xxviL

l<) Hosca xiii.; lUb. ii ; 1 Cor. xv. ; Rom. viii. (5) Rom. vii.


here stick; for now we are at hell -gates, and doubtless should fall into utter Henry
desperation, except God did bring us again, showing us his gospel and promise, yiH-
saying. Fear not, little flock ; for it is your Father's pleasure to give you
kingdom,'* etc.



XI. " Sin cannot condemn us, for our satisfaction is made in Article.
Christ who died for us."" FoL 4.

The place of this article, gathered out of " The Revelation,"''' is this :

' Sin hath no power over us, neither can condemn us, for our satisfaction is
made in Christ, who died for us that were wicked and naturally the children
of wrath. But God, which is rich in mercy, through the great love wherewith
he loved us, even when we were dead through sin, hath quickened us with
Christ, and with him hath raised us up, and with him hath made us sit in hea-
venly places, through Jesus Christ ; to show, in times to come, the exceeding
riches of his grace in his kindness towards us through Christ Jesus. For by
grace are ye saved, through faith ; and that not of yourselves, for it is the gift of
God, and cometh not of works, lest any man should boast himself,'^ etc.

XII. " I will show thee an evident argument and reason, that Article-,
thou mayest know without doubt, who is Antichrist. All they that

do pursue, are Antichrists. The pope, bishops, cardinals, and their
adherents do pursue : therefore the pope, bishops, and cardinals, and
their adherents, are Antichrists. I ween our syllogismus be well
made." Fol. 9.

The place of this article gathered out of " The Revelation,'''' is this :

' I will show thee an evident reason, that thou mayest know without doubting
who is the very Antichrist : and this argument may be grounded upon their
furious persecution, which Paul doth confirm, writing to the Galatians. We,
dear brethren, are the children of promise, as Isaac was ; not the sons of the
bondwoman, as Ishmael. But, as he that was born after the flesh did persecute
him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. Mark Paul's reason.
By Isaac, are signified the elect ; and by Ishmael, the reprobate. Isaac did
not persecute Ishmael ; but, contrary, Ishinael did persecute Isaac. Now let
us make our reason :

Bar- All they that do persecute as Ishmael, be reprobates and Antichrists. Major.
ha- But all the popes, cardinals, bishops, and their adherents, do per- Minor.

ra. Therefore all the popes, cardinals, bishops, and their adherents, be Comlu-.

Ishmael ; reprobates and Antichrists. *'°"-

' I ween our syllogismus is well made, and in the first figure.'

Read the place, and see how he proveth the parts of this argument
more at larsfe.

XIII. " I think verily, that so long as the successors of the Article.
apostles were persecuted and martyred, there were good christian
men, and no longer.*''' Fol. 10.

The bishops of Rome in the primitive church, were under perse-
cution the space of well near three hundred years, under which perse-
cution, as good as thirty of them, and more, died martyrs. Since that
time have succeeded two hundred and four popes, who have lived in
great wealth and abundance, amongst wliom if the book of " The
Revelation" think that there be not four to be found good christian
men, I think no less but that he may so think without any heresy.

(1) Luke xii. (2) Ephcs. ii.






XIV. " It is impossible tliat the word of tlie cross should be
■without affliction and persecution." Fol. 10.

St. Paul saith, " Whosoever will live virtuously in Christ Jesus,
shall suffer persecution.'"' And how then can this be truth in Paul,
and in this man heresy ?

XV. " That the apostles did ever curse any man, truly we cannot
read in Scripture : for Christ commanded them to bless those that
cursed them." Fol. 11.

Upon what good ground of " The Revelation"" this heresy is
wrung out, let the place be conferred, which is written in these words
following :

' They are as merciful as the wolf is on his prey. Tliey were ordained
to bless men ; * but they curse as the devil were in them. Paul saitli, that
lie hath power to edify, and not to destroy.' But I wot not of whom these
bloody beasts have their authority, which do so much rejoice in cnrsinjif and
destruction. We read how Paul did excommimicate the Corinthian (and that
for a great transj^ression), to the intent that he might be ashamed of his iniquity,
and desired again the Corinthians to receive him with all charity : * but, tluit
the apostles did curse any man, truly we cannot read in Scripture ; * for Christ
commanded them to bless those that cursed them, and to pray for those that
persecuted them,' etc.

Article. XVI. " By works, superstitions, and ceremonies, we decay from
the fliitli, which alone doth truly justify and make holy." Fol. 15.

Note here, good reader, how perversely and corruptly this article
is drawn. For whereas the place of this book, which is written in
fol. 15, expressly spcaketh of trusting to works, meaning that we
should put no confidence in works, but only in faith in Christ Jesus,
False this article, to make it appear more infamous and heretical, leaveth
wresting, ^^j. ^.j^^ ^.,^^^^ trust, and spcaketh simply as though works should
decay ftiith. Read the place, which is written in these words fol-
lowing :

' Daniel calleth not this word pesch'iam, any manner of sin, l)ut those special
and chief sins, whicli resist and fight against the trutli and tiie faith : as are the
trusting in works, superstitions and ceremonies, by which wu decay from the
faith,' etc.

Article. XVII. " The abusion of the mass with all its solemnities, with
vigils, year-minds, foundations, burials, and all the business that is
done for the dead, is but a face and a cloak of godliness, and a de-
ceiving of the people ; as they were good works, rather for the dead,
than for the quick." Fol. 24.

True godliness consisteth in faith, that is, in the true knowledge
of the Son of God, whom he hath sent, and in the observation of
God's commandments. All their rites and additions instituted by
man, are no part of true godliness. And whoso putteth trust and
confidence therein, as being things meritorious for the dead, is de-
ceived. Such funerals St. Augustine calleth rather refreshings of the
living, than relievings and hcl))S of the dead.

Article XVIII. " To kccp and observe one day to fast, and an other to

abstain ; to forbear such a meat upon the lasting day to deserve hea-
ven thereby; is a wicked face and cloak, and against Paul." Fol. 92.

(1) 2Tiin. iii. (2) 1 Cor. x. (3) 1 Cor. xiii. (1) 1 Cor. v. (5) 2 Cor. iii. 6.



The truth of this article is manifest enough to be void of all error ^emy
and heresy, unless it be heresy, to believe and hold with the Scripture

St. Paul saith, " If heaven, and our righteousness, come by the law, A. D.
then Christ died in vain."' ' ^^^^- .

XIX. " The multiplication of holy-days, of feasts of Corpus Article.

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