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and all-merciful Father.

When lie was gone down the stairs from my chamber, I straightways did shut
my chamber-door, and went into my study, shutting the door unto me, and
took the New Testament of Erasmus translation in my lumds, kneeled down Appmdit.
on my knees, and with many a deep sigh and salt tear, I did with much delibe-
ration read over the tenth chapter of St. Mattliew his Gospel ; and when I had
so done, with fervent prayer 1 did commit unto God that our dearly beloved Dalaber's
brotlier Garret, earnestly beseeching him, in and for Jesus Christ's sake, his prayer for
only-begotten Son our Lord, that lie would vouchsafe not only safely to conduct
and keep our said dear brother from tlie hands of all his enemies ; but also, that
he would vouche endue his tender and lately-born little flock in Oxford with
heavenly strength by his Holy Spirit, that they might be well able thereby
valiantly to withstand, to his glory, all their fierce enemies ; and also might
quietly, to their own salvation, with all godly patience bear Christ's heavy cross,
wliich I now saw was presently to be laid on their young and weak backs, unable
to bear so huge a one, without the great help of his Holy Spirit.

This done, 1 laid aside my books safe, folded up Maister Garret's gown and
hood, and laid them into my press among mine apparel ; and so, having put on
my short gown, shut up my study and chamber doors, and went towards Fris-
wide's to speak with that worthy martyr of God, one Master Clark, and others, Master
and to declare unto them what had happened that afternoon. But of purpose I Clark a
went by St. Mary church, to go first unto Corpus Cliristi college, to speak with ^^^^^1^^°'
Diet and Udal, my faithful brethren and fellows in the Lord there. But by learned
chance I met by the way with a brother of ours, one Master Edon, fellow of ™*°-
Magdalen college, who, as soon as he saw me, came with a pitiful countenance
unto me, saying, that we were all undone, for Maister Garret was returned again
to Oxford, taken the las-t night in the privy search, and was in prison with the
Commissary. I said, it was not so. He said, it was so. I said nay, and he said
yea. I told him, it could not be so, for I was sure he was gone. He answered
me and said, ' 1 know he was gone with your letters, but he came again yester
even, and was taken in his bed at Radlei's this night in the privy search ;
for,' quod he, ' I heard our Proctor, Master Cole, say and declare the same
this day in our college to divers of the house.' But I told him again, that I was
v/ell assured he was now gone, for 1 spake with him later than either the Proctor
or Commissary did : and then I declared the whole matter unto him, how and
wlien he came unto me, and how he went his way, willing him to declare the
same unto other our brethren, whom he shoidd meet withal, and to give God
hearty thanks for this his wonderful deliverance, and to pray him, also, that he
would grant him safely to pass away from all his enemies : and told him
that I was going unto Master Clark of Friswide's, to declare unto him this mat-
ter; for I knew and thought verdy, that he and divers others there were then
in great sorrow for this matter, and prayed maister Edon that he would go home
by Alborne Hall to desire my bedfellow Sir Fitzjames (for I lay with him in
Alborne Hall) to meet me at Sir Diet's chamber in Corpus Christi college about
V. of the clock after Evensong, and then I went straight to Friswide's, and
Even-song was begun, and the Dean and the other Canons were tliere in their
grey amices ; they were almost at ' Magnificat ' before 1 came thither. I stode
at the quier door and heard Master Taverner play, and others of the chapel
there sing, with and among whom I myself was wont to sing also ; but now my
singing and music was turned into sighing and musing.

As I thus and there s( ode, in cometh Dr. Cottisford, the Commissary, as fast
as ever he could go, bare-headed, as pale as ashes (I knew his grief well enough);



42-t THE STORY OF THOMAS GARRET, MARTYR,

JJtnTf and to the Dean he goeth into the quier, where he was bitting in his stall, and
Vfll. talked with him very sorrowfully: what, I know not; but whereof, I niigiit and
. .^ did well and truly guess. I went aside from the quier door, to see and hear
^ ■ ■ more. The Commissary and Dean came out of the quier wonderfully troubled,

_ — as it seemed. About the middle of the cliurch met them Dr. London, pulling,

The pha- blustering, and blowing, like a hungry and greedy lion seeking his prey. They
troubled talked togetlier a while, but the Commissary was much blamed of them for
at Gar- keeping of his prisoner so negligently, insomuch that he wept for sorrow. And
ret's es- jj y..^^ known abroad that Master Garret was escaped away, and gone out of
cape out ,, „ . > 1 1 T' • 111 . 1 11

of prison, the Commissary s chamber at Lvensong tune; but whether, no man could tell.

These doctors departed, and sent abroad their servants and spies every where.
Maister Clark, about the middle of 'Compline,'' came forth of the quier: I
followed him to his chamber, and when he had put off his grey amice and sur-
plice, he asked me how I did and what news. I answered him, not so well as
I would, because the news were not good, but very doubtful and perilous, and
so declared what was happened that afternoon of Maister Garret's escape : he
Sumner '^^^^ gl'id, for he knew of his fore-taking. Then he sent for one Master Sumner
and bets, and Master Bets, fellows and Canons there. In the meanwhile he gave me a
very godly exhortation, praying God to give me, and all the rest of our bre-
thren, ' Prudentiam serpentinam et siniplicitatem columbinam;' for we should
sliortly have much need thereof, as he verily thought. When Master Sumner
and Master Bets were come unto him, he caused me to declare again the whole
matter unto them two; whereof they were very glad, that Maister Garret was
so delivered, trusting that he should escape all his enemies. They would have
had me to tarry and have supped there with them : but I would not tarry, for
I said I had promised to go unto Corpus Christi college to comfort our other
brethren there, who were no less sorrowful than they, and prayed them to tell
unto our other bretherne there what was happened (for there were divers else
in that college). When I came to Corpus Christi college I found together, iu
sir Diet's chamber, tarrying and looking for me, Fitzjames, Diet, and Udal.
They knew all the matter before by Maister Edon, whom I had sent unto Fitz-
james; but yet I declared the matter unto them again. And so I tarried there,
and supped with them in that chamber, where they had provided meat and
drink for us, before my coming: at which supper we were not very merry,
considering our state and peril at hand. W'hen we had end our supper and
committed our whole cause, with fervent sighs and hearty prayers, unto God
our heavenly Father, Fitzjames would needs have me to lie that night w ith him,
in my old lodging at Alborne Hall ; and so did I. But small rest, and little sleep,
took we both there that night.

In the Sunday, in the morning, I was up and ready by five of the clock ; and
as soon as I could get out at Alborne Hall door, I went straight towards
Glocester college to my chamber. It had rained that morning a good shower,
and with my going I had all to-be-sprinkled my hose and my shoes with the
rainy mire. And when I was come in unto Glocester college, which was about
six of the clock, I found the gates fast shut; whereat I did much marvel, for
they were wont to be opened daily long before that time. Then did I walk up
and down by the wall there, a whole hour before the gates were opened. In
the mean while, my musing head being full of forecasting cares, and my sorrow-
ful heart flowing with doleful sighs, 1 fully determined in my conscience before
God, that if 1 siiould chance to be taken and be examined, I would accuse no
man, nor declare any thing further than I did already perceive was manifestly
known before. And so, when the gate was opened, thinking to shift myself,
and to put on a longer gown, I went in towards my chamber, and, ascending
up the stairs, would have opened my door, but I could not in a long season do
it; wherebv I perceived that my lock had been meddled withal, and therewith
was somewhat altered: yet, at last, with much ado, I opened the lock and went
Palaber's in- W'hen I came in, I saw my bed all to-tossed and tumbled, my clothes in
riianibcr niy press thrown down, and my study-door open ; whereof I was much amazed,
for Giir-' '"^"'^ thought verily there was made there some search that night for Maister
ret. (Jarret, and that it was known of his being with me, by the monk's man that

brought him to my chamber.

Now was there lying in the next chamber unto me a 'young priest, monk of
Shirborne abbey in the county of Dorset, come thither to be student, where I was
(1) The 'Compline,' was the last or evening prayer.— Ed.



WITH THE TROUBLE OF ANTHONY DAI.ABER. 425

brought up from my childhood ; for whose sake partly I came indeed unto that Henry
college, to instruct him in the Latin tongue, and in other things wherein I had ^^^^-
better knowledge than he. This monk, as soon as he heard me in the chamber, ^ jj
called unto me, and asked me where I lay that night; 1 told him that I lay with j^'^q'

my old bedfellow Fitzjames at Alborne Hall; he came to me straightway, and 1.

told how our master Garret was sought in my chamber, and asked me whether
he was with me yesterday at afternoon or no ; and I told him. Yea. And finally
he told me that he was commanded to bring me, as soon as I came in, unto the
prior of students, named Anthony Dunston, a monk of Westminster, who now
is bishop of Landafe. And so while he made him ready by me, he told me what
a do there was made by the Commissary and the two proctors in my chamber
that night, with bills and swords thrusted through my bedstraw, and how every
corner of my chamber was searched for master Garret, and albeit his gown and
hood lying in my press was by them all to-tossed and tumbled with my clothes,
yet they did not perceive them there, for by like they took it to have been
mine own clothes. This so troubled me, that I forgot to make clean my hose
and shoes, and to shift me into another gown ; and therefore as soon as he was
ready, so all to-be-dirted as I was with the rainy weather, and in my short
gown, I went with him to the said Prior's chamber, where I found the said Brought
Prior standing, and looking for my coming. He asked me where I had been 'otl^e
that night. I told hitn I lay at Alborne hall, with my old bedfellow Fitzjames; cCices-
but he would not believe me. He asked me, if Master Garret were with me ter Col-
yesterday. I told him, Yea. Tlien he would know where he was, and where- '^^^'
fore he came unto me. I told him, I knew not where he was, except he were
at Woodstock. For so (said I) he had showed me that he would go thither,
because one of the keepers there, his friend, had promised him a piece of venison
to make merry withal the Shroftyde ; and that he would have borrowed a hat
and a pair of high shoes of me, but I had none indeed to lend him. This tale
1 thought meetest, though it were nothing so.' Then had he spied on my
fore-finger a big ring of silver, very well double-gilted, with two letters A. D.
engraved in it for my name : I suppose he thought it to be gold. He required
to see it. I took it unto him. VVhen he had it in his hand, he said it was his Dalaber's
ring, for therein was his name: An A, for Anthony, and a D, for Dunston. ""g'aken
When I heard him so say, I wished in my heart to be as well delivered from
and out of his company, as I was assured to be delivered from my ring for ever.

Then he called for pen, ink, and paper, and commanded me to write when Appre-
and how Garret came unto me, and where he was become. I had not written li^'ided
scarcely three words, but the chief beadle, with two or three of the Commissary's bled for
men, were come unto Master Prior, requiring him straightways to bring us away Garret,
unto Lincoln college, to the Commissary, and to Dr. London : whether when I
was brought into the chapel, there I found Maister Dr. Cottisford, Commissary;
Maister Dr. Higdon, then Dean of the Cardinal's college ; and Dr. London,
Warden of the New college, standing together at the altar in the chapel. When
they saw me brought unto them, after salutations given and taken between
them, they called for chairs and sat down, and called for me to come to them.
And first they asked what my name was. I told them that my name was
Anthony Dalaber. Then they also asked me how long I had been student in
tlie university, and I told them almost three years : and they asked me what
I studied. I told them that I had read sophistry and logic in Alborne hall,
and now was removed unto Glocester college, to study the civil law, the which
the foresaid Prior of students affirmed to be true. Then they asked me whether
I knew Maister Garret, and how long I had knowen him. I told them I knew
him well, and had known him almost a twelvemonth. They asked me, when
he was with me. I told them. Yesterday at afternoon.

Now by this time, whiles they had me in this talk, one came in unto them The exa
which was sent for, with pen, ink, and paper ; I trow it was the clerk of the "f'u^'a"
university. As soon as he was come, there was a board and tressles, with a form ber.
for him to sit on, set between the doctors and me, and a great mass book laid
before me ; and I was commanded to lay my right hand on it, and to swear that
I should truly answer unto such articles and interrogatories as I should be by
them examined upon. I made danger of it awhile at the first, but afterward,
being persuaded by them, partly by fair words, and partly by great threats, I

(1) See Appendix.



426



THE STOKY OF THOMAS GARRET, MAKTVR,



Henry

nil.

A.D.

1540.



Anthony
Dalaber
Bet in
the
stocks,



Exhorta-
tion of
Master
Clark to
Dalaber.



The rross
< (ininiiin-
ly follow-
elh the
guspel.



promised to do as they would have me ; but in my lieart nothing so meant to do.
So I laid my hand on the book, and one of them gave me my oatli, and, tliat
' done, commanded mc to kiss the book. Then made ihey great courtesy between
them, who should examine and minister interrogatories imto me. At the last,
the rankest papistical pharisee of them all. Dr. London, took upon him to do it.

Then he asked me again, by my oath, where Maister Garret was, and whether
I had conveyed him. I told him, I had not conveyed him, nor yet wist not
wlicre he was, nor whether he was gone, except he were gone to Woodstock
as I had before said, that he showed me he would. Then he asked me again,
when he came to me, liow he came to me, what and how long he talked with
me, and whether he went from me. I told him he came to me about evensong-
time ; and that one brought him unto my chamber-door, whom I know not;
and that he told me he would go to Woodstock for some venison to make merry
withal this Shroftyde ; and that he would have borrowed a hat and a pair of
high shoes of me, but I had none such to lend him: and then he straight went
his way from me, but whether I know not. All these my sayings the scribe
wrote in a paper book.

Then they earnestly required me to tell them whether I had conveyed him,
for surely, they said, I brought him going some whether this morning; for that
they might well perceive by my foul shoes and dirty hosen, that I had travelled
with him the most part of this night. I answered plainly, that I lay at Alborne
Haul, with sir Fitzjames, and that I had good witness thereof there. They asked
me where I was at evensong. I told them, at Friswide's, and that I saw first
Maister Commissary, and then Maister Doctor London, come thither at that
time unto Master Dean of Frisewide's ; and that I saw them talking together in
the church there. Dr. London and the Dean threatened me, that if I would
not tell the truth, -where I had done him, or whether he was gone, I should
surely be sent unto the Tower of London, and there be racked, and put into
Little-ease. I But Master Commissary prayed me with gentle words, to tell him
where he was, that he might have him again, and he would be my very great
friend, and deliver me out of trouble straightway. I told him I could not tell
where he was, nor whether he was become. Thus did they occupy and toss me
almost two hours in the chapel, sometimes with threatenings and foul words;
and then with fair words and fair promises flattering me. Then was he that
brought Maister Garret unto my chamber brought before me, and caused to
declare what ^Laister Garret said unto me at liis coming to my chamber : but
I said plainly, I heard him say no such thing ; for I thought my ' nay ' to be as
good as his ' yea,' seeing it was to rid and deliver my godly brother out of
trouble and peril of his life.

At the last, when they could get nothing of me whereby to hurt or accuse
any man, or to know any thing of that which they sought, they all three
together brought me up a long stairs into a great chamber over Master Com-
missary's D. Cotford's chamber, wherein stod a great pair of very high stocks.
Then Master Commissary asked me for my purse and girdle, took away my
money and my knife, and then they put both my legs into them, and so locked
me fast in those stocks ; in which I sat, my feet being almost as high as my
head ; and so departed they, locking fast the chamber door (I think unto their
abominable mass), leaving me alone.

AVhen all they were gone, then came unto my good remembrance tlie worthy
forewarning and godly declaration of that most constant martyr of God, ^L^ister
Jolin Clark, my father in Christ, who, well nigh two years before that, when I
did earnestly desire him to grant mc to be his scholer, and that I might go with
him continually when and wheresoever he should teach or preach (the winch he
did daily), who, I say, said unto me much after this sort, 'Dalaber! ye desire
ye wot not what, and tliat ye are, I fear me, unable to take upon you : for though
now my ])reaching be sweet and pleasant unto you, because there is yet no
persecution laid on you for it, but the time will come, and that peradvcnture
shortly, if ye continue to live godly therein, tliat God will lay on you the cross
of ))cr.=ecution, to try you withal, whether you can, as ]iure and purified gold,
abide the fire, or, as stubble ami (lro<s, be consumed therewith. For the Holy
Ghost pjaiidy aflirnicth by St. Faul, ' Qtu'd omnes qui pi6 volimt vivere in Christo
Jesu, persecutionem patientur.' ' Yea, ye shall be cabled and judged an heretic ;

(1) ' Little ease was one of the cells in the Tower : the name however was sometimes applied to
other pnsoiis • see vol. iv. p. 581, vol. vii. p. 77, and vol. viii. p. 205.— Ed. (2) 2 Tim. iii. 12.



WITH THE TROUBLE OF ANTHONY DALABER. 427

ve shall be abhorred of the world ; your own friends and kinsfolk will forsake M^ury
you, and also bate you; and shall be cast into prison ; and no man shall dare fill-
to help or comfort you ; ye shall be accused and brought before the bishops, to . .v
your reproach and shame, to the great sorrow of all your faithful friends and , / , ,'

kinsfolk. Then will ye wish ye had never knowen this doctrine; then will ye . '—

curse Clark, and wish that ye had never knowen him, bycause hehatli brought
you to all tiiese troubles. Tiierefore, rather than that ye should do this, leave
off from meddling with this doctrine, and desire not to be, and continue, in my
company.'

At which his words I was so grieved, that I fell down on my knees at his
feet, and with abundance of tears and sithes, even from the bottom of my heart
I earnestly besought him, that for tlie tender mercy of God, showed unto us in
our Lord Jesus Christ, he would not refuse me, but receive me into his com-
panv, as I had desired ; saying that 1 trusted verily, that he which had begun
tJiis in me, would not forsake me, but give me grace to continue therein unto
the end. When he heard me say so, be came to me, and took me up in his
arms, kissed me, the tears trickling down from his eyes, and said unto me :
' The Lord Almighty grant you so do, and from henceforth for ever take me
for your father, and I will take you for my son in Christ.' Now were there at
that time in Oxford divers graduates and scholers of sundry colleges and halls,
whom God had called to the knowledge of his holy word, which all resorted unto
INlaistcr Clark's disputations and lectures in divinity at all times as they mought ;
and when they might not come conveniently, I was by Maister Ciark appointed
to resort unto every one of them weekly, and to know what doubts they had in
any place of the Scriptures ; that by me, from hiin, they might have the true
understanding of the same ; which exercise did me most good and profit, to the
understanding of the holy Scriptures, which I most desired.

This foresaid forewarning and godly declaration (I say) of this most godly
martyr of God, Maister Clark, coming then to my remembrance, caused me with
deep sighes to cry unto God from my heart, to assist me with his Holy Spirit,
tliat I mought be able patiently and quietly to bear and suffer whatsoever it should
jilease him of his fatherly love to lay on me, to his glory and the comfort of my Dalaber
dearly beloved brother, whom I thoui^ht now to be in great fear and anguish, armed
lest 1 would be an accuser of them all : for unto me they all were well knowen, ^gn^/^"
and all their doings in tiiat matter. But, God be blessed! I was full bent and con-
never to accuse any of them, whatsoever should happen of me. Before dinner stancy.
Maister Cottisford came up to me, and requested me earnestly to tell him where Co"isford
ALiister Garret was, and, if I would so do, he promised me straightways to tor of
deliver me out of prison. But I told him I could not tell where he was: no Daiaher
more indeed I could not. Then he departed to dinner, asking me if I would
eat any meat : and I told him, ' Yea, right gladly.' He said he would send me
some. When he was gone, his servants asked me divers questions, which I
do not now remember, and some of them spake me fair, and some threatened
me, calling me heretic ; and so departed, locking the door fast upon me.

Thus flxr Anthony Dalaber hath prosecuted this story, who, before
the finisliing, departed this year, anno 1562, in the diocese of Salis-
bury ; the residue thereof, as we could gather it of ancient and
credible persons, so have we added hereunto the same.

After this, Garret being apprehended and taken by Master Cole, the Garret
proctor, or his men, going westward, at a place called Hinxsey,' a little heluied, •
bevond Oxford, and so being brought back aijain, was committed to ^"'^ ,.

"it 1 iifi ■ x-v brouffht

ward: that done, he was convented before the commissary. Dr. toOx-
London, and Dr. Higdon, dean of Friswide's (now called Christ's Lo„'i„n^
college), into St. Mary's church, where they, sitting in judgment, anf^'g-
convicted him according to their law as an heretic (as they said), and secutors
afterward compelled him to carry a faggot in open procession from g^^^"*^''
St. ]Mary's church to Friswide's, and Dalaber likewise with him ; and Daia-
Garrct having his red hood on his shoulders, like a maister of art. fa'j^r^.o^fin
After that, they were sent to Osney, there to be kept in prison till o-^for^i-
farther order was taken.



and Gar
ret.



(1) See the Appendix. — Ed.



428 THE SrOKY OF THOMAS GARRET, MARTYR.

Henry *Articles ' obicctcd arainst Thomas Garret,' Maister of Art, some
y III . * . ,
'— time Curate of the Parish of AIl-Halos in Honey-hine.

A. D. First, for being divers and many books, treatises and works of Martin Luther and of
1540. hissect, as also for dispersing aliroad of the said books to divers and many persons within

this realm, as well studientsin the university of Oxford and Cambrid^'e, as oilier spiritual,

temporal, and reliuious men, to thentent to have advanced the Siiid sects and opinions.

Item, for having the said books in his custody; for reading them secretlv in privy places
and suspect company, declaring and teaching heresies and errors contamed in them.

Item, for that in his own person, he followed, advanced, and set forth, the said sect
and opinions, and also moved, stirred, and counselled other to follow and advance the
same ; not only within the city and diocese of London and Lincoln, but also in the
universities of Oxford and Cambridge, with divers other places.



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