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available and profytable both to the quycke and to the deed allthoughe yt lieth
not in the power of man to lymyte howe myche or in what measure the same
doothe avayle but to induce us perfectlie to thinke and credyte the same wee
muste consider that the quycke and dead niaketh but one bodie whereof crista
ys the head, .-^nd that thys Artycle hathe been taughte and receaved in the
churche of criste evyn from thapostells tyme.

That the churche of christe hathe doothe and may lawfully ordre soome
priestes to be mynystrees of the Sacramente althonghe those same bee not apte
to preache nor be worthye to be admytted thereimto.

Suprascripta schediila fuit publico recitata et declarata per Edwardum Crome
sacrse theologize professorem Rectorem ecclesice beata; mariaj vocatac Alder-
mavie london in concione sua facta apud crucem panlinam Secunda die
dominica post diem sive festum Paschse nono viz. mensis Mail .Anno Domini



sio dicti









T}ic Submission of the saide doctor Croome with the true declaration of

liyin self.

Whereas I dydpromyse and take upon meplaynelie and clyerlie to settefc.rth
and declare at paulis Crosse the seciinde Sonday after Easter certayne Articles
by nie subscribed, I doo acknowledge and mooste humble witli my harte con-
fesse that I dyd nor intended not tosette foorthe the same with asymple mynde
according to the true sense and meaning of them but having one mcanynge
secreatelye in myne harte knowinge in my conscience the sense and meanyng
of thartycles to be contrarie to the same. I dyd use collusion and colour of
my hole proceeding concernynge the declaration of the saide Articles whereby
I mighte appeare boothe to mantayne myne owne former evyl opynyon and
neverthelcsse to satysfic my promyse in setting foorthe of Thartycles afore-

Item I doo say and affirme, that the masse used in the Ralme of Englande
ys agreeable to the Institution of chryste And that wee have in tliis churche
of Englande the veiye true sacramente whiche ys the verye bodye and blonde
of oure Savyour chryste under the form of breade and wyne.

Item I doo say and affyrme that yt ys not a thinge of necessitie that the
sacrament of U'haultare shulde be mynystered to the people under bootlie
kyndes of breade and wyne and that yt ys none abuse that the same bee
mynystered to tlie people under one kynde lorasmoche as in every of boothe
kindes whole cryste boothe body and bloode ys conteyned.

Item I doo say and affyrme that yt ys no derogation to the vertue of the
masse althoughe the prieste doo receave the Sacrament alone and none other
rcceave yt with hym.

Item I doo say and affyrme that all tlioose Artycles whiche I snbscrybed and
jiromysed to declare at ])aulis cross bee utidoubtedlie trewe understandinge by
the masse mcntyoned in the same Artycles the self same Masse whiche ys
daylic used in this churche of Englande.

Item I doo profes-^e and proteste that I never hadde anny suffycyent grounde
of scripture or of holy Authors to mantayne myne opynyon why to dyssent in
anny of the saide Artycles from the receaved doctrine of the churche of Eng-
lande neyther was I so satisfied in my saide opynyons in myne owne conscience
as I dyd surelie beleave them my self or loke them for undoubted truythe.

Fynully where as heretofore I have been of a contrary mynde and opynyon
toucliynge theese Artycles aforesaide And therefore dyd not according to my
dnvtie and promyse plavnelie prcacho and declare suche doctrine as 1 agreed
and subscribed unto I doo therefore nowe moost humblye submytte my self to
ihe Kings Majesties mercifull clemencye bcinge mooste sorye for my saide
oflonse and redy to thuttermooste of my power to make amends accordinge to
liis mooste gracyouse ordree and appoyntment as well in the mayntenaunce and
settyng foorthe of the saide Artycles as in dyscloosyng and openyng of all
tilings whiche shalbe demaunded of mce by his Majestie or his mooste honour-
able counsell concernyng my proceedings in the same or anny other matters as
shall please his highnus to requyre of me.

Die dominica 27 viz. die mensis Junii Anno lolG. prenominatus Edwardus
Croome in concione sua tum publice facta apud crucejli paulinam rccitavit in
Etfectu .\rticul()s proxime preccdentes, praesiiitibus et audientibus honorabili-
bus viris domino Thoma Wryotliesley Militc Sumnio cancellario Ang!i:e
domino Thoma duce NorfF. domino Willielmo I'awlctt domino Seynt John
domino Edmundo London Episcopo et multis aliis.




(See page 547 of this Volume.)

Rolls House, Chapter House Papers, 1st Series, No. 1448.

Attestation to the orthodoxy of Mr. Shaxton.*

My dewtie doon to y' goode lordship in alle luunble and lyk hertie maner
When hit is so that this bearer Maister Nicolas Shaxton now inceptor in
divinitie is so tried and proved before me and my brethren doctours of divinite.

Ryght reverend fathyr in god afiyr all devve ordyr of comendacion I have
me comendyd unto yow. certyfylng your lordsliyi^p that I have so tryed and
proved this berar Master Shaxton befor I dyd admytt hym inceptor in
dyvinytie and fownd hym so agreable to all thyng that we cowld requyre of
hym ill cantelam futurorum — y' ys to say to swere to such an othe as 1 dede
excogytate for quyetnes in theis trobyllows tymes, vvhereoff he hathe a copye,
And wyll bothe shew yt your lurdshypp and swere yt agayne before yow, I
dowbt not, yf ye requyre hym tlierto — that I dare be bold to testyfye wt hym,
lyke as befor iiys admjssyon bothe I and all doctors regentis in dyvinyte
within Chambryge dede swere lor hym that he is a good catholyke man :
And that whatsoever he iiath sayde or done in yowr diocese or ony wher ells
y' I have herd of he hath done it of a right purpose and a good zale tliowgh
perad venture it hath not all way be so takyn oft' alhnen. Wlierefor I beseche
yowr lordsliypp to accept this my testimony of hym for I trust verely that he
wyll stond suerly on the churche syde, and confute ernestly to his power all
erroneows opynyons contrary to the same, and that shall he have occasyon to
doo more fervently yft' it please yowr lordshypp to lycense hym to preche in
your diocese, and to assyste iiym in the exercysyngof such Icrnyng as he hath
receyved off almighty God who long preserve yowr good lordshypp to his
pleasure. From Cambryge the last daye of May.

From the Bonner Register, folio 100.
Recantation of Dr. Shaxton, July 9th, 154G.

The very true Copyc of the submission of me Nycolas Shaxton, late bysshopp Snbmis-
of Salysburie made to the Kings mooste excellent mnjeslie and sett forthe f^or *'" ^i-
this intenle, that glorye may be gyvyn to allmightie god whiche of his infinite shaxton
goodnes hathe not onylye gyvyn me grace to acknowledge niyne error and to re- nuper
Yoke the same, but also at the respecte of my moost humble submission hathe J'P'."
sty red the harte of the kings highnes to have pytie and compassion in remyttvnfe facta
the punyshment of deathe whereunto I was justelie condempned, and to rL-si*
extende hys bountyfull goodness upon me ; whiche in dede hys grace hathe '""J'^'^'^'^
iloone moost largelye.

Depyse not i man that turneth hym self away from synne, neyther caste
hym in the tythe with all, but remembre that wee are all poysoned with cor-
ruption. Eccle. viij. 1546.

To the kings mooste excellent majestie.

FoRAsMocHEAs, mooste dreed and soverayne lorde, myserablye nowe in myne
olde age evyn v. ithin this yere I have fallen into that mooste detestable and mooste
abhomynable heresye of them that bee callid Sacramentaricsdenyeng wretched-
lie the presence of Chrysts bleassed body in tholye Sacrament of thaultare
And forasnioche also as yt hathe pleased your majestie of youre greate charitie
and moost godlye care ye hade for my soull to sende unto me the righte honour-

(1) See the letter of Bishop Xi.p, dated June 30th, a.d. 1531, vol. iv. p. 680.

AJ'i'KNUlX TO vol.. V.

able bvssliopps-of London and Worcetiir, logyther \vith your graces worsliipfull
cliapleyiis doctor Robyiison and doctor Redman to conferre with me enforme me
and instructe me to thyntenttlial fynallie goddes grace woorkingbootlie in tlieni
and me I migbte be broughte from my saide erroure and hcresye unto the true
cathoiyck faythe Whiche tliinge accordinge to youre graces expectation bathe
taken good successe in me (thankes bee to ahnightie god), tor by sucbe learn-
ynge as they liave sliewed me and specyallie by the iinytorme consent of the
whoole chatliolyke churche in tliat Artycle evyn from the Apostelis tyme unto
this cure age, fewe excepte wliiche have been taken and justelie reputed for
heretiques, I am fullie persuaded perfectelie beleave and unfaynedhe confesse
that after the consecration rigiitelie doon by the priest there remaynetli none
otlier substaunce but onelye the substaunce of the bieassed body of oure
Savyoure Cliryste god and man lyke as before I have subscribed unto a bill
hereunto annexed. And fynully forasmoche as the saide honourable bys-
shopps and worshipfuU doctors have hadde furtlier conference with me not
onelie-in the reeste of the Syxe Articles but also in all other matters of contro-
versie that other they or I coulde call to our remembraunce and are agreed
fullie in the same, so that nowc I am fullie persuaded and resolved in all mat-
ters of anny weighte or importuance wherein I was before other ambyguouse
and in doubte or ells of a contrary judgment unto them, and doo nowe csteeme
and judge evyn as they doo in all tlioose things. Therefore I mooste humblie
evyn from the botome of myne harte thanke your excellent majestic, that ye
have hadde this godlie care for my soull heaUhe, and that by youre mooste
gracyous meanes I am broughte and reduced from that dampnabie errour that
I was in. And surelye hadde not this youre pytie and compassion been I
woolde obstynatelye have dyed in the same, and so from the temporall fyer
shulde have goon to the evei'lastyng fyer of hell. And nowe with all humyli-
tie and reverence I submytte my self wholly unto your grades clemcncie, redy
with all pacyence yf yt bee so sene to youre highnes to sufter evyn the very
deathe, as I have justelie deserved, or ells to doo any other thinge that youre
majestic shall thynke good and expedyent for reducyng your graces subjects
from therroure tliat they be wrapped in unto the true catholycke faythe, and
thorder taken in this youre mooste chrysten realme not onely in this one Arty-
cle, but also in all other wherein I my self am nowe (thankes bee to god and
yoar highnes) fullie resolved and throughlie persuaded, tluis to contynewe to
thende of my life by the grace and goodness of God, who evermore preserve
youre majestic to his glorie and the profytte of this your Ralme.

By yoar humble subjccte and moost bounden bedman Nycolas Shaxton,

late bysshopp of Saris, the nynthe day of Julye in xxxviij"* yere of

your mooste gratious Reigne.

Hereafter folowith the true copie of the Artycles.'

The fyrste. Allmightie God by the power of his.woorde pronounced by the
prieste at Masse in the consecration, turneth the breade and wync into the very
naturall body and bloode of oure Savyour Jliesu cryste. Soo that after the
consecration there reniayncth noo substaunce of breadde and wyne but onely
the substaunce of cryste, (iod and man.

The secunde. The saide bieassed Sacrament being ones consecrate ys and
remaynetli styll the very body and bloode of oiu-e Savyour cryste, all thoughe
yt be reserved and not presentlie distributed.

The thyrd. The same bieassed Sacrament being consecrate ys and ought to
be worshipped and adored with godly honour wiieresoever yt ys : forasmoche as
yt ys the bodie of Cryste inseperably unyted to the deitie.

The fourth. The churche by tlie mynystration of the prieste oflereth diyly
at the Masse for a sacryfice to Allmightie God the self same bodie and blonde ol
our Savyour Chryste under the forme of breadde and wyne in the remembraunce
and representation of Christs deathe and passion.

The fyfte. The same body and blonde whiche ys offered in the Masse ys the
very propitiation and saiistactiun for the Synnes of the woorlde for asmoche as
yt ys the selfsame in substaunce wliiche was offered upon the crosse for oure
iledemption. And the oblation and action of the prieste ys also a sacryticc of

11) The following Articles arc printed hy Burnet, Hist, book iii. Records No. xxix.


prayse and thanksgyvynge unto God for his benefites and not the satisfaction
for the synnes of the woorlde, for that ys onelye to be attributed to chrysts

The Syxte. The saide oblation or sacryfice so by tlie prieste offered in the
masse ys avaylable and profitable boothe for the quycke and the deadd, althoughe
yt lyeth not in the power of'man to lymyte howe moche or in what measure the
same doothe avayle.

The Seventh. It j's not a thinge of necessitie that the Sacrament of Thaul-
tare shulde be mynystered unto the people under boothe kindes of bread and
^V}■ne. And yt ys none abuse that the same be mynystered to the people
under thoire kjjide forasmoche as in every of bootlie the kindes whole chryste
boothe body and bloode ys contayned.

The eighte. Yt ys noo derogation to the vertue of the Masse all tlioughe
the prieste doo receave the Sacrament alone and none other receave yt with

The nynth. The Masse used in this Realme of Englande ys agreeable to
thinstitution of Chryste. And wee have in this churche of England the verie
true Sacrament whiche ys the very body and bloudde of oure Savyour Chryste
under the forme of bredde and wyiie.

The tenthe. The Churche of Chryste hathe doothe and may lavvfullie ordre
some pryests to bee mynystres of the Sacramentes, althoughe the same doo not
preach nor bee admytted thereunto.

The Eleventh. Friestes being ones dedicate unto god by the ordre of preste-
hode and all suche men and women as have advysedlie made vowes unto god of
chastitie or wydowhode may not lawfuUie marry after theyre saide ordres
receaved or vowes made.

The twelfth, Secreete auriculer confession ys expedj-ent and necessarie to be
retayned contynued and frequented in the churche of chryste.

The thyrtenth. The prescience and predestination of Alhnightie god
althoughe in yt self yt bee infallible inducith noo necessitie of thactuition of
man, but that he may freelie use the power of his owne will or choyse, the
saide prescience or predestination notwithstandinge.

I Nycolas Shaxton with my harte doo beleve and witli my mowthe doo
confesse all thees Articles above wrytten to be true in Every parte.

Ne despicias hominem avertentem se a peccato, neque improperes ei : memen-
to quoniam omnes in corruptione sumus. Eccle. viij.

[Then follows Anne Askewe's alleged recantation, printed in the text p. 542,
from the Register folio 101.]


(See page 566 of this Folurne.)
From the Bonner Register, folio 91 verso.'

Illustribus et prudentissimis viris dominis de privato Concilio potentissimi Certifica-

in Christo principis et doniini nostri domini Henrici octavi dei gratia Anglise et '"rium

Hyberniae Regis, fidei defensoris et in terra ecclesiae AnglicanjR et Ilibernicae dominis

Bupremi capitis, dominis plurimum lionorandis, vester humilis Edmundus, per- depriyato

missione divina London Episcopus, Salutem et perpetuam in domino felicitatem. ^°""''°

Vestris magnificentiis honorandis tenorc pra-'sentium cum ea qua decet Reve- super

rentia certilicando significanuis et intimamus, quod nos debitam et effectualem concre-

Executionem Edicti sive proclamationis dicti lllustrissiini domini nostri Regis quorun.

nuper. viz. Octavo die Julii iilt. elapso salubriter ediri et promulgati pro extinc- dam

tione et abolitione (luorundam proliibitorum librorum in eadem i)roclamatione -''"■°''""i
._ 1 . , . „'. ... . ' n^ ■■ pTonihi-

specincat. quantum in nobis nut et pro viribus potumms, ac prout ex otncu tomm.

nostri debito tenebamur et tenemur, faciendo, nonnullos ex eisdem libris nobis

(1) This is preceded in the Register by the King's Proclamation (see p. 565 of this Volume), and
follovred by the List of Books (see No. X. oi these Documcits).


et niinistris iiostris post et citra divulgationem Edicti luijusmodi tradit. et deli-
berat., quoriiin tituli et iiomiiia in libro prtEsentibus annexo inscribuntur, juxta
f'orniani et tenorem ejusdejii proclamntionis sive Edicti Regis igni mitttiidos
et concremandos fore decrevimus, ct sic concremari ct coinbiiri vicesimo scxio
die instaiilis mcnsis Scpteinhris inaudavimiis et fecimus cum etfectii. In ciijus
Kei testimonium Sigillum nostrum pra-sentibus apponi fecimus. Uat. in a;dibus
iiostiis London vicesimo octavo die Mensis Septembris Anno Domini Miliesimo
<juingentesimo quadragesimo sexto et Rcgni lUustrissimi dicti Invictissimi do-
iiiini nostri Regis Anno Tricesimo Octavo.

The names of sucbc Bootes proliibite as were burned at Paulis Crosse at the
Sermon tyme there accordinge to the Certificat above wrytten.

Kg. XIX.


(See 2^ci9^ 545 of Ihis J'olunie.)

Reprinted from Bale's Account of Anne Askevve.

Lyke as the armed knyght
Appoyiited to the fielde,

Witli thys world wyll I fygbt,
And fayth shall be my shielde.

Faytbe is that weapon stronge
Wiiych wyll not fayle at nede ;

Mv foes therfor amonge
Therwith wyll I precede.

As it is had in sirengthe
And force of Chiistes waye,

It wyll ])revayle at Icngtlie

Though all the devjis saye naye.

Faythe in the fathers olde
Obtayned rightwysenesse,

Whych make me veiye bolde
To feare no worldes dystresse.

I now rejoyce in hart,
And hope byd me do so,

For Christ wyll take my part.
And case me of my wo.

Thou sayst Lorde, whoso knocke
To tliem wylt thu atlende ;

Undo therfor the iocke.

And thy stronge power sonde.

More enmyes now I have,
Than heeres upon my heed,

Lete tiiem not me deprave,
But fyght thu ill my steed.

On the my care I cast,
For all their cruel spyght

I sett not by tlieir hast
For thu art my delyght.

I am not she that lyst

My auker to Ifte fall
For everye dryslynge mysi ;

My shippe substanciall.

Not oft use I to wryght,
In jirose, nor yet in ryme,

Yet wyll I sliewe one syght
That I sawe in my tyme.

1 sawe a ryall trone

Wiiere Justyce shold have sytt,
Uut in her stede was one

Of modye, cruell wylt.

Absorpt was rightwysnesse
As of the ragynge floude ;

Satlian in hys excesse

Sucte up the gyltelesse bloude.

Then thought I, Jesus Lorde
\N ban tlui slialt judge us all,

Ilarde is it to recorde

On these men what wyll fall.

Yet Lorde, I the desyre,
For that tliey do to me,

Lete tliem not tast the liyre
Of tlieir inyquyty.


No. XX.


VI. ARTICLES, APRIL 13th, 1547.

(See page 714 of this Volume, j

From the Bonner Register, folio 114 verso.

Coir.missio pro executione statuti Editi super articulis fidei catholicae.

Edwardus Sextus, dei gratia &c., delecto et fideli suo major! civitatis London
pro tempore existent!, ae prseclarissimo avunculo suo Edwardo due! Somerset
Thesaurario .Vnglite ac domino protector!, priedilectisque ac fidelibus suis
W!llmo. Poulet niilit!, domino Seynt John domino proesidenti consilii sui ac
magno magistro ac Seneschallo hospitii sui, necnon domino custod! magni
sigilli sui Johanni Russell militi, domino Russell, custod! privat! sigili! sui,
necnon re%'erendo in Christo patri Edmundo Episcopo London, ac dilectis et
fidelibus suis Radulpho Waren militi, Ricardo Gresham militi, Willielmo Roche
militi, Willielmo Laxton militi, Martino Bowes militi, Rowlando Hill militi,
Johanni Gresham militi, Roberto Brooke armigero, Recordator! ejusdem civi-
tatis, Richardo Morgan servient! ad legem, Archidiacono London, Cancellario
diet! Episcopi, Commissario dicti Episcopi, Roberto Cliydley, Edwardo Hall,
Guidoni Crayfoi-de, Tbomae Atkyns armigero, et official! ejusdem Archidiaconi,
Salutem. Sciatis quod assignavimus &c. [see the Commission suprd, No. IX.
of these Documents] ... in Articulis quibusdam tam in quodam Statuto in
Parliamento domini Henric! nuper regis Anglite octavi patris nostri praecha-
rissimi apud Westm. vicesimo octavo die .'\prilis anno regn! suiTricesimo primo
quam in quibusdam aliis statutis Annis tvicesimo secundo et Tricesimo quinto
Regn! dicti patris nostri tent. tact. edit, expressis et specificatis &c. [ut supra].
Teste meipso apud Greenwiche xiij die Aprilis, anno regni nostri primo.

Followed by a " breve regium " to Bonner, same as before, and of the same
date as the Commission.

These are followed by a similar Commission and Brief, dated .^pril 19th.

No. XXI.

(See page 433, Uiie 40, of this Volume.)

From the Miscellaneous Documents of the Treasury of the Receipt of
the Exchequer, in a Volume lettered " Tractat. Theolog. et Politic,
vol. ix." (A. l.lo, pp. 277—284,) in the Public Record Office,
Rolls House.

" Et ecce duo ex illis ibant ipsa [die in] castellum quod erat in spacio [&c.]"

Soche is the worlde, [that I am] compelled to wrytt tliose [tliinges] that I

now iiitende to [sjjeak.] So that 1 have bounde niy[selfe this] daye to do that

thing [that] I wokie 1 had done before. To be shorte and to speke

iiotliinge but that is penned. Soche I saie is the worlde, that I must nedes
this do, for to advoyde misreporters and slaunderers. Wberfore I desier you
right honourable lordes (?) to consyder well the argument I take in band, and

to note well . . . cyrcumstances s of . . . selfes and by them

selfes maye be evyll taken, yf it be not coupled with wdiat is sayde before and
what after, you (?)... my argumentes with the whole . . . bothe of the occa-
syone, and also of my conclusions.

When I consyder within my selfe the auncyent wryters and fath[ers] of
Christes churcbe, how they have ordered and behaved themselves, in wrytyn'^e
of sermones not onlye of many places of the scryplure, but moost specially of

this place and upon this gospell for Christes (?) resurreccyon which

.... have purposed m . . y . . . . s my mynde in 1 d

m;mer of wrytyng, but also their whole purposes and ententes. So that what-
soever place of scryptur they tooke in hand, this was allwaye the .... of ther
purpose, that yf there were any errouis amoiige the people, they went rather


aboiite to remove them, tlieii to shew (?) and declare that parte of scrypture by
jirocesse unto them. And where as they liave spyed eny enormyties amoiige
the people, tliey liave not so moche regarded the truth and verytye of the
scrypture in that place, as the reformacyon of the saide enormityes and vyces.
So that, I save, tlie niynd of all (?) those that I have red, which have wryten
any sermones upon this place, hath evermore been [enjtente to reforms vyces
knowne among the people.

Thes there doynges then consydred and pondered, I have deter-

myned within my selfe, shalhe unto me a rule at this tyme. I am also as
desyrous to rcprevc erroiirs and other enormyties, as I am to utter unto you
the pure and sy[ncere] sentence of the wholie ghoost in this place mencyoned.

Ye, for so moche as I trust, the one p .... of tliis the f mynds is

taken awaye from this audyence, that is,t]iat ther shuld be any errour amongest

you, as was amongest them : for the resurreccyon, which now

ffa]ythfully beleved })rof I wyll after the argument

sh[ewe] the entente of tliem. And I will use this storye of Christes resurrec-
cyon, to declare unto you our eleccyon ; and that don, I trust to saye certene
other thinges appertaynyng to the tyme.

It shall make 'moche for the stablyshment of every Christene

man, to knowe the manor of our eleccyon, yf we wyll consj'der the unspeakable
love which he shewed unto us, as wytnessetli saynt Paul, " Qui [elegit] nos in
ipso ante mundi constitucionem, ut esscmus sancti et immaculati in conspectu
ejus, &c.," Tiiat had chosen us in Jesu Christ before the makynge of the worldc,
that we shuld be holy and without blame in his syght.

The next waye to attayne to tliis his wonderfull eleccyon, I thynk, shall
apere more playnlye unto us, yf we wyll resorle to the scrypture. And moost
specially yf we laye fyrst before us tlie ingrattytude of our first parentes, whycli
yet after they were [ca]st onte of paradyse to increate them, God of his mercy

Online LibraryJosiah PrattThe church historians of England : Reformation period (Volume 5) → online text (page 84 of 86)