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THE CHURCH HISTORIANS
OE ENGLAND.



B. CLAY, PKINTEB, BREAD STREET HILL, LONDON.






THE CHUECH HISTOEIANS
OF ENGLAND.



FFR 1 1915






REFORMATION PERIOD.



THE ACTS AND MONUMENTS OF
JOHN FOXE.



CAREFULLY REVISED, WITH NOTES
AND APPENDICES.



VOL. VI.— PART II.



SEELEYS,

FLEET STREET AND HANOVER STREET.
MDCCCLIX.




Wk S




feil,,r,. vt r"



CONTENTS.

VOL. V^L

CONTINUATION OF BOOK IX.

CONTAINING THE ACTS AND THINGS DONE IN THE REIGN OF KING EDWARD

THE SIXTH.

A.D. ^ ^ PAGE

1549. The reign of Edward VI. continued.

Books in the Latin Service abolished ; with the King's Decree. 3
J 550. Taking down of Altars and setting up the Table instead thereof. 4

The King's Letter to Bishop Ridley ; together with certain
Reasons why the Lord's Board should rather be after the

Form of a Table than an Altar 5

L549 A Letter of the Lady Mary to the Council 7

to A Remembrance of certain Matters appointed by the Council

1550. in Answer, etc 8

Letters between the Lady Mary, and the King and Council . 10
A Copy of the King's Instructions, given to the Lord Chan-
cellor, etc 22

1547 The History of the Doings and Attempts of Stephen Gardiner :

to with the Examples of certain Letters, written by him, con-

1550. taining divers Matters not unworthy to be known in this

■present History 24

Certain Additions after these Letters above specified, with

Notes and Solutions answering to the same 55

The Sum and Conclusion of all Winchester's Drift, in his

Epistles before 56

A Letter of Gardiner, containing Objections made to a Sermon

of Master Ridley's, made at the Court 58

1550. Nineteen Articles and Positions, objected, severally, to the

Bishop of Winchester 64

A Copy of a Writ," touching the order and manner of the Mis-
demeanour of Winchester, copied from the Public Records . 77
A Copy of a Letter to the above, signed by the King and sub-
scribed by the Council : also Six Articles delivered to him. SO
The Copy of the Last Articles sent to the Bishop of Winchester. 82
The Words of the Sequestration, with the Intimation to tbe

Bishop of Winchester 85

A Letter to Stephen Gardiner, from the Duke of Somerset and
the rest of the Commissioners, touching such Points as tlie

Bishop should entreat of in his Sermon SG

VOL. VI. b



n CONTENTS.

A.D. ' PAGE

1550. A Sermon of Stephen Gardiner, preached before the King . 87

The First Session or Action against Stephen Gardiner ... 93

The Second Session 97

Letters Missive to Drs. Standish and Jeffrey 99

The Third Session 100

Answer of the Bishop to a Request for more full Answers to

certain Articles 101

1.J51. The Fourth Session 104

A Long Matter Justificatory, proposed by Gardiner . . .105

Tlie Fifth Session 119

A Letter froxn the Judges to Gardiner's Witnesses . . . .120

The Sixth and Seventh Sessions 121

The Eighth Session; with Interrogatcries aiinistered by the

Office 123

The Ninth Session ; with Articles additional exliibited by

Gardiner _ 125

The Tenor of the Matter exhibited by Gardiner, etc. . . . 127

The Tenth Session 130

The Eleventh and Twelfth Sessions 131

The Thirteenth Session : Allegations of Winchester, etc. . . 133

The Fourteenth Session 134

The Fifteenth and Sixteenth Sessions 135

The Seventeenth Session 136

The Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Sessions . . .137
Copy of a Letter of King Henry to Stephen Gardiner . . . 138

Part of a Letter of Francis Driander 139

A Letter of Gardiner to the Lord Protector, out of the Fleet . 140
The Attestations of all such Witnesses as were produced,
sworn, and examined, upon the Articles ministered by the
Office, against Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester . 143
The Depositions of certain Witnesses, produced and examined
upon the Positions additional, laid in by the Bishop in his
First Matter, specified before in the Ninth Session . . . 240
Notes for the Reader : containing Specialties, whereunto Ste-
phen Gardiner did agree and grant ; concerning Reformation

of Religion 255

Notes and Points, concerning Reformation of Religion, where-
unto he would not grant 257

The Twenty-first Session against Gardiner ; with his Exceptions

against the Witnesses 258

The Twenty-second Session 261

The Appeal of the Bishop before the Sentence Definitive . . 262

The Sentence Definitive 264

A Note of the Communication of Master Wilkes, had with

Dr. Redman 267

Another Communication of the same, to Master Nowel, etc. . 269
A Letter of Master Young to Master Cheke, concerning Dr.

Redman 271

1552. The History, no less lamentable than notable, of William
Gardiner, an Englishman, suffering most constantly in Por-
tugal, for the testimony of God's truth 274

1549 The Tragical History of the worthy Lord Edward, Duke of

to Somerset, Lord Protector ; with the whole Cause of his

1552. Troubles and Handling 282

A Letter of the Lord Protector to the Lord Russel, Lord Privy

Seal ; also the substance of the Reply 284

Contents of another Letter of the Lord Russel ; also a Letter

of the Lord Protector, to the Council assembled in London . 285
A Letter of the King to the Lord Mayor, in behalf of the Lord

Protector 287

A Letter of certain of the Council to the same, against the
Lord Protector 289



CONTENTS. Ill

A.D. J-AGB

Articles objected against the Lord Protector 290

1552. An Account of the Execution of Edward Duke of Somerset,

furnished by a noble Personage who witnessed it ... . 293
1549 Peter Martyr's Disputation holden at Oxford, about the Sacra-
to ment of the Lord's Supper 297

1552. The First Disputation, holden at Cambridge the 20th of June,

A.D. 1549, before the King's Majesty's Commissioners; by

Dr. Madew, respondent 305

The Second Disputation, holden at Cambridge the 24th day of

June, 1549 319

The Third Disputation, holden at Cambridge 327

Disputations of Martin Bucer, at Cambridge 335

A Fruitful Dialogue, declaring those words of Christ, " This is

my Body;" between " Custom " and " Verity " .... 336

1553. Epistles of the yoiuig Prince Edward to the Archbishop of

Canterbury; with the Answer 351

Commendation from the Prince's Scholmaster ibid.

The Prayer of King Edward before his Death 352

A Letter of the Lady Mary to King Henry VIIL ; also her

Protestation to certain Lords sent to her by him . . . .^353



BOOK X.

BEGINNING WITH THE REIGN OF QUEEN MARY.

The Preface to the Reader 356

The Whole Canon of the Mass, with the Rubric thereof, as it
standeth in the Mass-Book, after Salisbury Use, translated

word by word out of Latin into English 362

The Form and Words of conjuring Salt, Water, Flowers, and
Branches 381

Queen Mary.

The First Entering of Queen Mary to the Crown, with the
Alteration of Religion, and other Perturbations happening

the same time in the Realm of England 383

A Letter of the Lady Mary to the Lords of the Council, with

their Answer 385

An Inhibition from the Queen, for Preaching and Printing, etc. 390

Master Bourn preaching at Paul's Cross 391

The Tnie Report of a Disputation, had and begun in the Con-
vocation-house at London, the 18th of October, 1553 . . 395
The Precept of the Queen to Bishop Bonner, for dissolving

the Convocation 411

1554, The Oration of Queen Mary in the Guildhall, on the First of

February, 1554 414

The Communication had between the Lady Jane and Fecknam. 415
A Letter of the Lady Jane to her Father; followed by one to

Master Harding 417

A Letter written by the Lady Jane in the end of the New
Testament in Greek, which she sent to her Sister, the Lady

Katherine, the night before she suffered 422

A Prayer of the Lady Jane 423

The Words and Behaviour of the Lady Jane upon the Scaffold, ibid.
Certain Verses written by the Lady Jane ; Epitaphs, etc. . . 424
A Monition of Bonner to his Clergy, for the certifying of the
Names of such as would not come in Lent to Confession,

and Receiving at Easter 42()

Articles sent from the Queen to Bonner, etc., to be put in
speedy Execution ibid.



IV CONTENTS.

A.D. PASE

1554. Articles sent from the Queen, unto the Ordinary, and b}- him
and his Officers, by her Commandment, to be put in Exe-
cution in the whole Diocese 427

A Prescript of the Lord Mayor to the Aldermen 429

A Copy of the Queen's Proclamation for driving Strangers and
Foreigners out of the realm ibid.

The Style of Queen Mary altered, writing to Bonner for the
summoning of a Convocation 433

The Dignity of Priests extolled by Bonner, in a Fragment of
an Exhortation to them of tlie Convocation-house ; copied
out by them that stood by and heard him ibid.

The Sum and Effect of tlie Communication between Dr. Ridley
and Secretary Bourne, with others, at the Lieutenant's Table
in the Tower 434

l{ow Thomas Cranmer Archbishop, Bishop Ridley, and Master
Latimer, were sent down to Oxford to dispute; with the
Order and Manner and all other Circumstances unto the
said Disputation, and also to theirCondemnation, appertaining 439

The Arguments, Reasons, and Allegations, used in the Dis-
putation , 444

Disputation at Oxford, between Dr. Smith, with his other Col-
leagues and Doctors, and Bishop Ridley 469

The Disputation had at Oxford, the 18th day of April, 1554,
between Master Hugh Latimer, answerer, and Master
Smith and others, opposers 500

Address to the Reader; together with the Disputation of
Master Harpsfield, Bachelor of Divinity, answering for his
Form, to be made Doctor 511

Certain Observations or Censures given to the Reader, upon
the Disputations of the Bishops and Doctors above men-
tioned : declaring what Judgment is to be given, as well
touching the Arguments of the Adversaries, as also to the
Answers of the Martyi's 520

A Table declaring divers and sundry Respects how the Holy
Real Body of Christ our Saviour, both in the Sacrament and
beside the Sacrament, is present, eaten, and united to us . 523

A Table of the principal Arg^aments brought against Doctor
Cranmer 525

The same against Doctor Ridley 526

The same against Master Latimer 527

Tlie Answers and Resolutions to the Arguments above men-
tioned, by Number and Order of the same 528

The Report and Narration of Master Ridley, concerning the
misordered Disputation had against him and his Fellow-
prisoners at Oxford 532

A Letter of Bishop Ridley to the Prolocutor ; also a second . 534

The Copy of the Archbishop of Canterbury's Letter to the
Council, sent by Dr. Weston, who refused to deliver it . . 535

i'ishop Ridley to Archbishop Cranmer 53(1

Otlier Things which happened in this Realm, in this tumul-
tuous Time ibid.

A Purgation of Thomas Cranmer, against certain Slanders
and Rumours falsely raised upon him 53S

The godly End and Death of the Duke of Suffolk, beheaded
on Tower-hill 544

The Apology of Master Mantel the Elder 546

A Copy of a certain Declaration drawn and sent abroad out of
Prison by Master Bradford, Master Saunders, and divers
other godly Preachers, concerning their Disputation and
Doctrine of their Religion 55o

Verses of John White, Bishop of Lincoln, and of others, con-
cernhig Philip and Mary ; both Latin and English . . . 555



CONTKNTS.



A.l>.



PAGE

1554. A Story of a Rood set up in Lancashire ....... 564

A Mandate of Bishop Bonner, to abolish the Scriptures and

Writings painted upon Church Walls 565

Copy of a Letter sent from the Council to Bonner, concerning

Queen Mary's conceiving with Child 567

The Tenor of Cardinal Pole's Oration made in the Parliament

House 568

Copy of the Supplication and Submission, exhibited to the

King and Queen's Majesties, by the Lords and Commons

of the Parliament 570

An Absolution pronounced by Cardinal Pole to the whole

Parliament of England, in the presence of the King and

Queen 572

Copy of King Philip's Letter to Pope Julius, touching the

Restoring of the Realm of England: translated out of Spanish

into English; followed by the Cardinal's Letter on the

same Matter ibid,

A lamentable Example of Cruelty, sliowed upon John Bolton,

a Man of Reading, imprisoned for the true Testimony of a

Christian Conscience 575

Notes of a Sermon of the Bishop of Winchester, preached at

Paul's Cross 577

1555. Master Rose, with Thirty Persons, taken at a Communion in

Bow Church-yard 579

Extract of an Act for the Government of Queen Mary's Issue. 580
A Prayer made by Dr. Weston, Dean of Westminster, daily

to be said for the Queen's Deliverance; followed by another

Prayer that the Child may be well-favoured and witty, etc. ;

also another Prayer for the same Object 581

A Letter sent to Master Hooper, concerning the Taking of a

godly Company in Bow Church-yard, at their Prayer;

with the Answer unto it 585

A Letter of Consolation sent from Master Hooper, to the

godly Brethren taken in Bow Church-yard in Prayer, and

laid in the Compter in Bread-street 586

A Supplication of the Persecuted Preachers to the King and

Queen JSO



BOOK XL

WHEREIN IS DISCOURSED THE BLOODY MURDERINGS OF GOd's SAINTS, WITH
THE PARTICULAR PROCESSES AND NAMES OF SUCH GODLY MARTYRS, BOTH
MEN AND WOMEN, AS, IN THIS TIME OF QUEEN MARY, WERE PUT TO
DEATH.

1555. The Story, Life, and Martyrdom of Master John Rogers . .591

The Examination and Answer of John Rogers, made to the
Lord Chancellor and to the rest of the Council, the 22d of
January 593

The Second Confession of John Rogers, made, and that sliould
have been made (if it might have been heard), the 2Sth
and 29th day of January 597

The Sentence Condemnatory against Master Rogers . . .601

Other godly Matter, penned by Master Rogers, including his
Admonitions, Sayings, and Prophesyings ...... 603

The History and Martyrdom of Laurence Saunders, burned
for the Defence of the Gospel, at Coventry G12

A Parcel of a Letter of Laurence Saunders, sent to the Bishop
of Winchester, as an Answer to certain Things wlierewitli
he iiad before cliarged him 017

Letters of Laurence Saunders, to his VMfc and lo a Frii'iul, etc. 618



VI CONTENTS.

A.D. PAGE

1555. The same to Archbishop Cranmer, to his Fellow-prisoners in

the Marshalsea, to his Wife; witli two others, on the Com-
munion of Saints, and the true Taste of God's Love by

Faith, with the Fruits thereof 620

The First Examination of Laurence Saunders 62o

A certain Communication between Laurence Saunders and

Dr. Pendleton, in the beginning of Queen Mary's Time . 628
A Letter to Master Ferrar Bishop of St. David's, Dr. Taylor,

Master Bradford, and Master Pliilpot 630

A Letter which Laurence Saunders did write to his Wife, and
others of the faithful Flock, after his Condemnation to the
Fire ; written the last of February, 1555, out of the Compter
in Bread-street 631

Other Letters of Laurence Saunders, to Mrs. Lucy Harring-
ton ; to his Wife, with a Remembrance to Masters Harrington
and Hurland ; also to the same and other Friends, etc. . .632

Letters to his Wife, a little before his Burning ; also a Letter
to Masters Robert and John Glover, written the same
Morning that he was burnt 635

A Letter of Justice Saunders ; and another wherein he seeketh
to win Laurence Saunders to Popery 636

The Story, Life, and Martyrdom of Master John Hooper, Bishop
of Worcester and Gloucester ; burnt for the Defence of the
Gospel at Gloucester, Feb. 9 ibid.

The King's Letter or Grant for the Dispensation of John
Hooper, elected Bishop of Gloucester, written to the Arch-
bishop of Canterbury and other Bishops 640

A Letter of the Earl of Warwick to the Archbishop, in the
behalf of Master Hooper .641

A Letter of Ridley to the said Bishop of Gloucester .... 642

A Letter or Report of a certain godly Man, declaring the
Order of Master Hooper's Deprivation from his Bishoprics,
March 19, a.d. 1554 645

Master Hooper examined before the Commissioners . . . 646

The true Report of Master Hooper's Entertainment in the
Fleet; written with his own hand, the 7th of January, 1555. 647

Another Examination of Master Hooper 648

Another Examination, followed by the third and last , . . 649

A Letter of Master Hooper, for the Stopping of certain false
Rumours, spread abroad, of his Recantation 650

Degradatio Hooperi 651

The Form and Manner used in the Degrading of Bishop
Hooper 652

Master Hooper's Prayer 657

Verses on Hooper ; also a Letter which he wrote out of Prison
to certain of his Friends 659

Comparison between Hooper and Polycarp 6G1

A Letter of Hooper to certain godly Professors and Lovers of
the Truth, instructing them how to behave themselves in
that woeful Alteration and Change of Religion .... 662

To Master Ferrar, Dr. Taylor, Masters Bradford and Philpot,
prisoners in the King's Bench in Southwark 664

An Exhortation to Patience, sent to his godly Wife, Anne
Hooper; whereby all true Members of Clu-ist may take
Comfort and Courage to suffer Trouble and Affliction for the
Profession of his Holy Gospel 665

To a certain godly Woman, instructing her how she should
behave herself in the time of her Widowhood; also another
Letter to Hooper's dear Brethren, his receivers and lielpers
in London 670



CONTENTS. VU

V.D. PAGE

555. To a Merchant in London, by whose means he had received
much Comfort in the Fleet; also to Mistress Wilkinson, a
Woman hearty in God's Cause, and comfortable to His afflicted
Members ; afterwards dying in exile at Frankfort . . . 672
To bis dear Friends in God, Master John Hall and his Wife,
exhorting them to stand fast in the Truth ; also to his beloved
Sister in the Lord, Mistress Anne Warcop 673

A Letter of Master Bullinger to the most reverend Father,
Master John Hooper, Bishop of Worcester and Gloucester,
and now Prisoner for the Gospel of Jesus Christ, my Fellow-
elder and most dear Brother in England 675

The History of Doctor Rowland Taylor, who suffered for the
Truth of God's Word, the 9th of February 076

The Examination of Dr. Taylor 681

Dr. Taylor's Deprivation • 684

Dr. Taylor before the Bishop of Winchester and others . . 685

A Letter of Dr. Taylor, containing the Report and Talk be-
tween him and the Lord Chancellor and other Commission-
ers, January 22d ibid.

The Copy of another Letter to his Friend, touching his Asser-
tion of the Marriage of Priests, etc 687

The Places of the Doctors alleged before, in Dr. Taylor's
Letter 689

A brief Recapitulation out of Dr. Taylor's Causes afore
touched, for the Reader more evidently to see how the
Papists do against their own knowledge, in forbidding
Priests' Marriage ibid.

Dr. Taylor, the fourth Time, with Masters Bradford and
Saunders, brought before Winchester and other Bishops. . 690

The last Will and Testament of Dr. Rowland Taylor, written
in the Book which he gave to his Son 693

A Letter of Dr. Taylor to his Wife 701

Certain Letters of the King of Denmark to Queen Mary,
respecting Miles Coverdale 705

Queen Mary's Answer 707

The Declaration of the Bishop of London, to be published to
the Lay-people of his Diocese, concerning their Recon-
♦ ciliation 708

The Form of Absolution to be kept by the Pastors and Curates
in private Confessions, concerning this Reconciliation, etc.. 710

The lamentable and pitiful History of Master James Hales,

Judge ibid.

■ The Communication between the Lord Chancellor and Judge

Hales 712

The History of Thomas Tomkins, Martyr ; who, having first
his hand burned, after was burned himself by Bishop
Bonner, for the constant Testimony of Christ's true Pro-
fession . tl7

The First Examination of Tomkins, with his Confession of
Faith .- ' l^^

Articles objected against him ; also his Second Examination . 720

His Confession repeated by Bonner; also his last Appearance
and Condemnation '21

The notable History of William Hunter, a young man, an
Apprentice, of nineteen years, pursued to death by Justice
Brown, for the Gospel's sake; worthy of all young men and
parents to be read '^2

The History of Master Causton and Master Higbed, two wor-
thy Gentlemen of Essex, who, for theii* sincere Confession
of their Faith under Bonner Bishop of London, were mar-
tyred and burned '29



nil CONTEXTS.

A.D. PAGE

1555. Tlieir Examinations, and Articles ministered by Bonner . . 730
Other Examinations, and their Answers to the Articles, etc. . 731
The Confession of their Faith, delivered to the Bishop of Lon-
don, etc., and for which they were condemned 734

William Pygot, Stephen Knight, and John Laurence, with
their Examinations and Articles or Interrogatories objected

by Bishop Bonner 737

Their Answers to the Articles 738

The last Appearance of the aforesaid Prisoners 739

The Prayer that Stephen Knight said at his Death, upon his

knees, being at the Stake, at Maiden 740

The Death and Martyrdom of John Laurence, Priest . . . ibid.



Appendix to Vol. VI y^



ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. VL

The Cruel Handling of William Gardiner in Portugal .... 281

611
628
658
700



The Burning of Master John Rogers, Vicar of St. Sepulchre's
The Burning of Master Laurence Saunders, at Coventry
The Burning of Master Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester . ,
The Martyrdom of Dr. Rowland Taylor, at Hadley . .



ABOUT THE HEAL PRESENCE. 401

No more was said in this ; but afterward tlie prolocutor demanded of Philpot, Mar,,.

whether he would argue against the natural presence, or no? To whom he —

answered, Yea, if he would hear his argument without interruption, and assign A. D.
one to answer him, and not many ; which is a confusion to the opponent, and ISo.'J.
especially for him that was of an ill memory. ^7 '

By this time the night was come on ; wherefore the prolocutor brake up the vocation
disputation for that time, and appointed Philpot to be the first that sliould ^"»'inu*^tl
begin the disputation the next day after, concerning the presence of Christ in next"day.
the sacrament.

The Act of the Fourth Day.

On Wednesday, the 25th of October, John Philpot, as it was before appointed, Philpot
was ready to have entered the disputation, minding first to have made a certain '?°' '^"'"
oration, and a true declaration in Latin of the matter of Christ's presence, m'ake'his
which was then in question. Which thing the prolocutor perceiving, by and declara-
by he forbade Philpot to make any oration or declaration of any matter; com- ''""■
manding him, also, that he should make no argument in Latin, but to conclude
on his arguments in English.

Then said Philpot, •' This is contrary to your order taken at the beginning of Philpot.
this disputation. For then yovi appointed that all the arguments should be
made in Latin, and thereupon I have drawn and devised all my arguments in
Latin. And because you, master prolocutor, have said heretofore openly in
this house that I had no learning, I had thought to have showed such learning
as I have in a brief oration and a short declaration of the questions now in
controversy ; thinking it so most convenient also, that in case I should speak
otherwise in my declaration than should stand with learning, or than I were
able to warrant and justify by God's word, it might the better be reformed by
such as were learned of the house, so that the unlearned sort, being present,
might take the less offence thereat."

But this allegation prevailed nothing with the prolocutor, who bade him still
form an argmnent iir English, or else to hold his peace. Then said Philpot,
" You have sore disappointed me, thus suddenly to go from your former order:
but I will accomplish yoiu' commandment, leaving mine oration apart ; and
I will come to my arguments, the which as well as so sudden a warning will
serve I will make in English. But before I bring forth any argmnent, I will. The pre-
in one word, declare what manner of presence I disallow in the sacrament, to cTr^st*in
the intent the hearers may the better understand to what end and effect mine the sacra-
arguments shall tend; not to deny utterly the presence of Chri.st in his sacra- m'^"t.''is-
ments, truly ministered according to his institution : but only to deny that gross ed Hi's'
and carnal presence, which you of this house have akeady suijscribed unto, to tiue pie-
be in the sacrament of the altar, contrary to the truth and manifest meaning of jj^'^^g^""'
the Scriptures: That by transiibstantiation of the sacramental bread and wine, The gross
Christ's natural body should, by the virtue of the words pronounced by the presf^nce
priest, be contained and included mider the forms or accidents of bread and papists
wine. This kind of presence, imagined by men, I do deny," quoth Philpot, denied.
" and against this I will reason."



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