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1834. Common School System of Pennsylvania established May 1.

Philadelphia "and Columbia railroad completed. Main
line of canal and railroad over the AUeghanies opened.
First Homceopathic medical school in the world erected
at Allentown. Abolition riot in Philadelphia, forty houses
destroyed, August 12. Insane Department Philadelphia
Hospital opened. An insane ward was first opened in the
old AlmshoL¬їse, Eleventh and Spruce streets, in 1803.

1835. Chief Justice John Marshall died in Philadelphia. United

States Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, completed. Lancas-
ter and Harrisburg railroad commenced. *

1836. Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, incorporated. United

States Bank of Pennsylvania chartered. Gas-works at
Pittsburg erected. Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane
at Philadelphia erected; opened Januar}^ 1, 1841.

1837. Dodge's Female Seminary, Mount Joy, founded. Suspension

of specie payments. United States ship Pennsylvania
launched at Philadelphia, July 18.

1838. New School Presbytery of Erie held its first meeting at Mead-

ville, June. Convention to revise State Constitution met
at Philadelphia, and closed their labors, February 22. The
amended constitution adopted by the people at the next
election. Pennsylvania Hall, Philadelphia, dedicated May
14, destroyed by a mob May 17. Monument Cemetery,
Philadelphia, chartered. Buckshot war, December 4-8.
Erie Female Seminary incorporated.

1839. Pennsylvania Medical College chartered. Commodore John

Rogers died in Philadelphia, August 1. The Pennsylvania
banks suspended specie payments, August 13. National
Whig Convention met at Harrisburg, December 4 ; Har-
rison nominated for President.

1840. Madison Academy, Luzerne county, incorporated. Ex-gov-

29*



342 HISTORY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

ernor George "Wolf died in Philadelphia, March 1.
Matthew Carey, the celebrated printer and author, died
in Philadel-phia, September 17. Pennsylvania and Ohio
canal completed; commenced 1827.

1841. United States and Girard Banks failed.

1842. New wire suspension bridge over the Schuylkill at Philadel-

phia finished. Eight Kev. Henry Conwell, D.D., second
Koman Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia, died, April 22.

1843. Lehigh and Susquehanna railroad completed.

1844. AVyoming Conference Seminary, Luzerne county, established.

"Native Americans" and Irish riot in Philadelphia;
thirty houses and three churches burned ; fourteen per-
sons killed and forty wounded. Grand Division of Sons
of Temperance organized.

1845. Commodore Jesse D. Elliot died in Philadelphia, December 10.

1846. First telegraph lines erected in Pennsylvania. Grand Temple

of Honor and Temperance organized.

1848. Hon. Francis E. Shunk, ex-governor of Pennsylvania, died at

Harrisburg, July 30; he had resigned his office on ac-
count of ill health on the 9th of July. Commodore James
Biddle died in Philadelphia, October 1.

1849. State Lunatic Asylum, Harrisburg, erected ; corner-stone laid

April 7.

1850. "Western House of Eefuge, Pittsburg, chartered, April. Wy-

oming Institute, Wyoming, incorporated. An Amend-
ment to the State Constitution passed. School of Design
for Women, at Philadelphia, established.

1851. Christiana riot, Lancaster county, against the attempt to rescue

fugitive slaves, September 11.

1852. Ex-governor J. Andrew Shultze died, November 18. Pennsyl-

vania Training School for Feeble-minded Children
founded at Germantown ; removed to Media, 1859.

1853. Pennsylvania Female College, Harrisburg, incorporated.

Grand Lodge of Good Templars instituted.

1854. The office of County Superintendent established. Normal

School at Philadelphia founded. Wilkesbarre Female
Institute chartered.

1855. National convention of colored people met in Philadelphia,

October 16. Corner-stone of the new Masonic Hall,
Philadelphia, laid. Over 4000 Masons present.

1856. North Branch canal completed. May 20. Western Pennsyl-

vania Insane Hospital at Pittsburg opened.

1857. Normal School act passed. First school uuder the act recog-

nized 1859. Upland Normal Institute, Upland, Delaware
county, erected. Academy of Music, Philadelphia, com-
pleted.

1859. Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, Center county, opened,

February 16. State Normal School at Millersville recog-
nized.

1860. People of Pittsburg refused to permit the shipment of ordnance

from the arsenal to Southern forts, December 24.



APPENDIX. 343

1861. Act passed to organize the militia of the State, April 12. Bill
passed by the State Senate to define and punish treason,
April 13. Two Pennsylvania regiments raised for the
United States reported ready for service, April 13. Camp
Curtin formed at Harrisburg, April 18. Five compa-
nies of Pennsylvania volunteers, accompanied by regular
troops from Carlisle, reached Washington, D. C, April
18 ; being the ^irs^ volunteer troops that entered the national
capital under the call of President Lincoln. " The Patriot
Daughters," a soldier's aid society, organized at Lancaster,
April 22. Military Department of Pennsylvania created :
headquarters at Philadelphia, commander, Major-General
Patterson, April 27. Act passed to organize the Keserve
Corps of the Commonwealth, May 15. Cooper-shop lie-
freshment Saloon opened at Philadelphia, May 26. The
Union Volunteer Kefreshment Saloon opened at Phila-
delphia, jSEay 27. Lieutenant John T. Greble, of Phila-
delphia, killed at the battle of Great Bethel, Ya., June 10,
the first Pennsylvania officer who fell in the war for the
Union. Pennsylvania Keserve Corps marched to the de-
fense of Washington, July 21. First victory won by
Pennsylvania troops at Drains ville, December 20. State
Normal School of the Twelfth District, at Edinboro, Erie
county, recognized.

1862. Normal School of the Fifth District, at Mansfield, Tioga county,

recognized. Governor Curtin called out the whole militia
force of Pennsylvania to repel invasion of the State, Sep-
tember 4. General Stuart's Confederate cavalry made a
raid into Pennsylvania, and demanded the surrender of
Chambersburg, destroyed the military stores, and burned
the machine shops, depot buildings, etc., October 10.

1863. Second invasion of Pennsylvania; Lee's advance north of

Chambersburg, June 16. Kcbels occupied Chambersburg ;
skirmish near Gettysburg, June 23. Kebels advanced to
Shippensburg, June 24. Kebels near Carlisle, June 25.
Kebels occupied Gettysburg, and unionists evacuated Car-
lisle, June 26. General Meade assumed command of the
Army of the Potomac ; rebels occupied York ; threatened
Harrisburg ; skirmish at Columbia bridge ; bridge burned,
June 28. Kebels shelled Carlisle on the night of July 1.
Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3. General Keynolds killed,
July 1. Union League House, Philadelphia, erected.
Gettysburg Cemetery dedicated, November 19.

1864. Great Sanitary Fair at Logan Square, Philadelphia; opened

June 7. Third invasion of Pennsylvania by the rebels,
July. Chambersburg burned, July 30. Monument to
General Keynolds erected at Lancaster.

1865. Keception of the remains of President Lincoln at Philadelphia,

April 22.

1866. Normal School of Third District, Kutztown, Berks county,

recognized.



344 HISTORY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

1867. Legislature ratified the 14th Article of Amendments to the

National Constitution, January. Soldiers' Monument
erected at Harrisburg.

1868. Soldiers' Monument erected at Doylestown. General McCall

died at West Chester, February 25. Corner-stone of the
new Masonic Temple laid in Philadelphia, June 24. James
Buchanan, Ex-President of the United States, died at
"Wheatland, near Lancaster, June 1. Thaddeus Stevens
died at Washington, D. C, August 11; buried at Lan-
caster.



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Online LibraryJosiah Rhinehart SypherSchool history of Pennsylvania, from the earliest settlements to the present time → online text (page 24 of 24)