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a book on " Consolation," by Dr. J. W. Alex-
ander. As he approached the dark valley his
faith grew stronger and stronger. Then I
asked him what was his trust, and he imme<
diately responded, ^^ The finished work of Christ.'^
His end was calm and peaceful. Without a
struggle his soul passed into the arms of his
Saviour. The " Good Pilot," as he called the
Lord Jesus just before his departure, conducted
him safely into the harbor.

His remains lie at the station he founded, and
on the hill where he loved to call together the
heathen and tell the stor}^ of redeeming love.

Mr. Lindley, who saw more of him than most
of his brethren, observed : " During all the
time he was in health, and in sickness, he
never said, or did, or left undone a single thing
which tended even in the least degree to
weaken the conviction deep in the minds of all
who knew him that he was eminently a man of
God. In his family he ever appeared as a beau-
tiful model of a husband and father. . . . He
was true and faithful and loving and generous

240 Forty Years Among the Zulus,

in all the relations and duties of life. It was
with an emphasis that we called him 'brother,'
so much was he loved by us all."

One whose influence will long be felt among
the Zulus was Rev. Silas McKinny, who went
to Natal in 1847. Readily mastering the lan-
guage, he saw much good accomplished at his
station, Amahlongwa, but liealth failed and he
came home. He preached in various places in
this country with acceptance, and died at Au-
burn, N. Y., April 21, 1888. It was well said of
him, " He was a tender, loving parent, a faith-
ful Christian, and a devoted and self-forgetful
minister of the gospel."

Two years before he left Natal, his wife,
Fanny Nelson McKinny, " slept in Jesus," and
was buried in the little cemetery at Adams.
Although of a timid, shrinking disposition, her
calm, good judgment and earnest faithfulness
as a Christian wife and mother endeared her
to all who knew her. It may be said of her,
" She hath done what she could."

Another beloved missionary. Rev. William
Ireland, born in England, but educated in this
country, died in Boston, Mass., October 12, 1888,
after forty years of service.

Leaving his wife in Africa, he came home to
rest, visit his children, and then resume his
labors. But the Lord said, " Come up higher."
He spent the first thirteen years of his useful
mission life at Ifumi. He was then requested
to take charge of the training institution at
Adams, a work for which he had exceptional

Deceased Missionaries. 241

qualifications. Through his instrumentality
that school gradually rose to great importance.
Mr. Ireland was for many years treasurer of the
Zulu Mission, and was so correct and so good a
penman that his books will compare favorably
with those of the best mercantile establishments.
He was methodical, conscientious, kind, and
sympathetic, an affectionate husband and father,
gentlemanly in his manners, a safe counselor,
and, above all, spiritually minded and earnestly
devoted to mission work. He was married
twice : first, to Jane Wilson, of New Ipswich,
Mass., who died at Ifumi, January 25, 1862.
His second wife was Oriana Grout, daughter of
Rev. Aldin Grout, the missionary. She still re-
mains in the field.

The reader will remember that when Mr.
Wilder and myself, with our wives, sailed for
Natal, we were accompanied by Rev. and Mrs.
Andrew Abraham. They were located in a
distant part of Natal among wild heathen, and
there they remained till death. Mr. Abraham
was not unworthy of the name, " Father of the
faithful." His faith never wavered, though he
toiled long without seeing results. When a
brighter day dawned, and he beheld the hea-
then emerging from barbarism, and building
houses in European style, his faith rose wonder-
fully. He said to me one day, as we were
riding over the mission reserve, " Brother Tyler,
I expect to see most of these hills covered with
the abodes of Christian natives." He was per-
mitted to see a goodly number of them thus

242 Forty Years Among the Zulus,

covered. Nothing seemed to discourage him.
One day he was cementing a cistern, and came
out just in time to see his house enveloped in
flames. Ten minutes later, his chapel also
was consumed. Although minus hat, boots,
and coat, he did not despair, but began immedi-
ately to build anew, nor did he stop till he had
a more substantial dwelling. His death in the
night of September 13, 1878, was very sudden,
and probably due to heart disease, as he ap-
peared in usual health the day previous. He
was considered our best translator, and to
him the mission had committed the work of
preparing the Old Testament for the press.
The grief of not only his associates, but of all
the natives who knew him, was profound when
told of his death. A chief remarked, "Our
teacher was a good man and did good to all."

Mrs. Abraham lived but a short time after
her husband's decease. The shock she received
may have hastened her own departure. That
she was his true helper in mission work the
native women at Mapumulo as well as all who
knew her can testify.

A more genial and humorous companion, a
missionary with a more practical turn of mind
than Rev. H. A. Wilder is rarely found in a
foreign field ; as one said of him, he had a
"many-sided capacity." He was so absorbed
in plans to advance the natives in civilization,
as well as Christianity, he probably overworked
himself. In taking a long journey to select a
site for a new station, he had a severe attack

Deceased Missionaries, 243

of illness, from which he never fully recovered.
He died in Hartford, Conn., September 7, 1877.
His son. Rev. George Wilder, occupies the sta-
tion made vacant by the death of his father.
Mrs. Wilder is now in this country.

Rev. Seth B. Stone began his work at the
Ifafa station in 1850. Faithful as a preacher,
busily employed in translating parts of the
Bible, composing hymns, teaching and dis-
charging other missionary duties, he continued
in the field till the ill health of his wife neces-
sitated his return to America. His heart was
in Africa, and to the last his prayers were for
the good of the Zulus. His death occurred in
New York City, January 27, 1877. His widow
is still living.

Joining the mission in 1862, Rev. Charles H.
Lloyd entered on his work with a spirit of
earnest consecration. Battling with disease, he
was ever patient and showed true Christian
submission. He lived only two years, dying
at the Umvoti Mission station, in 1865. Mr.
Grout wrote of him : " When the shortness of
his missionary life was referred to, he said, ' Yes,
I would have had it otherwise : but I have not
a doubt that God called me here, and I am
glad I came. If God cuts my life thus short,
I can only say, Thy will be done.' " At his
request, he was buried near a large tree in
front of the native church, that the peo})le
might be reminded of one who had it in his
heart to preach to them the gospel.

Mr. Lloyd was an accomplished gentleman,

244 Forty Years Among the Zulus.

a fine musician, with a large share of practical
common sense, was quick to read character and
anxious to know the best methods of doinof
good. Had he lived, he would doubtless have
proved an efficient and successful missionary.
His death-bed testimony of the power of reli-
gion to sustain and comfort the soul will never
be forgotten by the natives on the Umvoti

Mrs. Catharine C. Lloyd, daughter of the
distinguished physician, Dr. Willard Parker, of
New York City, remained in Natal after the
death of her husband, working with enthusiasm
and success, until 1870. She then married Dr.
Newton Lindle}^ son of the missionary. Rev.
Daniel Lindley, and returned soon after to this
country. She died in New York, July 23,

We cannot speak too highly of this self-
denying and laborious missionary. Thoroughly
educated, in possession of all that wealth could
furnish, she left her refined home and labored
earnestly and untiringly for the degraded
Zulus. Great was her joy when she was per-
mitted to see a large number of them emanci-
pated from ignorance and superstition through
her efforts. While in the field, she wrote let-
ters home which awakened deep interest, and
which were collected in a volume entitled
"The Seeds and the Sheaves," published by
Randolph & Co.

Rev. Elijah Robbins began mission work in
1851 at Umzumbe, where he remained thir-

Deceased 3Iissionaries. 245

teen years. He then established a theological
school at Adams, the success of which is in a
great measure the fruit of his zeal and perse-
verance. Native preachers, now in various
parts of the field, are ready to testify to the
diligence and thoroughness of their teacher.
He died July 1, 1889, joining his wife in the
" better land." Mrs. Robbins had died only a
few months previously. Testimonies of the
worth of Mrs. Addie Bissell Robbins are im-
pressive and tender. One is from the pen of
Rev. Charles Kilbon, who knew her well : " A
precious wife and mother has gone from the
home which she lighted by her smile and ani-
mated and inspired by her buoyant and ener-
getic nature. A beloved companion in work
has been taken from our mission circle. A
vigorous worker for the good of this people
has forever ceased from her labors. How she
used, with her light and agile form, in days of
health, to flit from house to house over the
station, leaving words of instruction, of warn-
ing, of comfort, as needed ! She has gone to a
higlier sphere of activity, where she will never

Mrs. Holbrook, of Mapumulo, wrote: "She
was a rare woman, beloved by natives and
whites alike. An enthusiastic missionary, a
consecrated Christian, devoted to her family,
her people, and her God."

Rev. David Rood, who died in Covert, Mich.,
April 8, 1891, entered the field in 1847, together
with Rev. Samuel Marsh.

246 Forty Years Among the Zulus,

After forty years of faithful service he came
to this country to rest, but did not wholly aban-
don the hope of a return to Africa till a short
time before his death. He wrote to me repeat-
edly, saying, " My heart is there." Rev. Lewis
Grout, one of his early associates, truthfully
says of him : '' He was gentle, quiet, modest,
winning in his ways, yet strong, courageous,
earnest, confident in his work, assured that it
was God who would make it to prosper and

As I remarked in the first part of this vol-
ume, it was through Mr. Rood's instrumentality
that I was led to choose Natal as mv field of
labor. Soon after reaching that colony, my
wife and I paid Mr. and Mrs. Rood a visit.
Their station was far removed from the abodes
of white men, and their surroundings were what
most people would call gloomy in the extreme.
But those devoted missionaries seemed to be
in the enjoyment of genuine happiness. Their
hearty and sincere welcome to a participation
in their joys nerved us for our future labors.

Our lamented brotlier early acquired a knowl-
edge of the Zulu dialect, and was able to preach
in it far more easily than he could in English.
He threw his whole soul into the work and
thoroughly enjoyed it. He occupied various
important posts, but his greatest work was at
the Umvoti station. While chairman of the
mission, he manifested wisdom, decision, and a
tender regard for the feelings of his brethren.
In translating the Scriptures and preparing ele-

Deceased Missionaries, 247

mentaiy books for our schools, he was thorough
and skillful ; but he excelled as a preacher and
spiritual adviser. His last conversation was
about Jesus Christ, the "Rock "on which he
had built his faith and hope, and his last words
were, " I am going home." When unable to
speak, a pleasant smile on his countenance was
a response to a brother's inquiry. He died as
he had lived, a true Christian man, one who
had no occasion for fears or sighs or regrets.
He left the wife of his youth and sharer of his
toils, and his two children, with the sweet con-
sciousness that heaven was his home. He has
joined the sainted Adams, Lindley, Bryant,
Marsh, and other fellow-toilers in the African
vineyard, and Zulus also, saved through his
instrumentality. I think of him as beckoning
to the old soldiers who fought by his side for
King Immanuel on Afric's dark coast to join
him in the better land, where they can recount
battles fought and victories won.

Rev. Jacob L. Dohne, a German, who was for
several vears connected with the mission, died
in 1879. He was a fine linguist, and prepared
an elaborate dictionary of the Zulu language
containing over 10,000 words. Of this work a
competent judge remarked: ''It is not only the
first dictionary of a South African tongue that
can claim any approximation to completeness,
but is also a living monument to the author's
industry, careful observation, and unfaltering

The mother of Rev. Mvron Winslow Pinker-

248 Forty Years Among the Zulus.

ton died when her son was three years old, but
when she gave him the above name, she said,
" I hope he will be a missionary." While in
college Mr. Pinkerton said that the wish of his
mother, which had been made known to him as
soon as he could comprehend it, would often
come to his mind. Later, when the time came
for him to choose his field, he observed, " Per-
haps there will be men who would wish to g(i
to Turkey and Japan, while few will go to

The station he occupied at first was Umtwa-
lume, in company with Mr. Wilder ; but in 1875
he moved to a place called Induduma, more
than a hundred miles from any of his brethren.
There he toiled until the inquiry arose, " Who
will explore Umzila's country with reference
to sending men there?"

Well do I remember his appearance and
his words when his brethren said to him, " It
is our unanimous opinion that you are the
man." "You place," he observed, "a solemn
and fearful responsibility on me ; but if it is
God's will, I will not shrink from it." He took
his wife and children to America, because, as
he remarked, of the possibility of his being
removed by death, while away.

I might particularize with regard to the hope-
fulness and courage with which he met obsta-
cle after obstacle in his attempts to start on
that long and perilous journey. In the inscru-
table providence of God, he was smitten with
malarial fever and died while on the way,

Mrs. Susan W. Tyler.

Deceased Missionaries. 249

November 10, 1880. He was buried under a
large, moss-covered tree, on the banks of the
Gabula River, a native Christian reading the
funeral service.

A nobler, more enthusiastic and self-reliant
missionary than Mr. Pinkerton it would be
difficult to find. Why he was so suddenly cut
down in the strength of manhood and midst
of usefulness we cannot tell. The Lord will
doubtless reveal to us the reason in another

Mrs. Pinkerton now resides in Chicago, 111.

Mr. John A. Butler, whose narrow escape
from a crocodile has already been mentioned,
responded to a call for a missionary printer, and
went to Natal in 1850. His health was so
weakened by the terrible ordeal through whicli
he had passed that he was forced soon to return
to America. Though never again robust, his
life was greatly prolonged by the unwearied
care of his wife. He died August 27, 1889,
leaving a widow and two children.

Of her who was the companion of my joys
and sorrows, the light of my dwelling, the de-
voted wife, mother, and missionary, I must leave
others to speak. A brother with whom we had
been associated from the first, one who soon fol-
lowed her to the heavenly world, Mr. Ireland,
wrote as follows : " Becoming a Christian in early
life, Mrs. Tyler gave herself to missionary work
with all her heart and soul, and during all these
years has impressed those who had the privi-
lege of knowing her, as one who possessed an

250 Forty Years Among the Zulus,

unusually faultless character, and whose life
was filled with Christian consecration. Her
interest in the Zulus was ever finding ways to
manifest itself in their behalf, especially in her
judicious advice to them when in trouble.
Hence we are not surprised that large numbers
of them, both Christians and heathen, learned
implicitly to trust and love her, oftentimes bet-
ter than their own kindred. . . . As long as she
was able to converse, her room was the center of
peacef ulness, brightness, and jo}^, and she begged
to have no sorrow or gloom felt, or tears shed,
as she was simply ' going home.' Her earnest
words of appeal to the natives who entered her
sick room, or, when too weak to speak, her
bright smile and peaceful face, were powerful
influences for good. At the funeral service it
was truthfully said, ' The grave has not closed
in Natal over one who led a purer, gentler, and
more useful life.' " Mrs. Pixley, a missionary,
wrote as follows : —

" A large company of both Christian and
heathen natives gathered at the burial, coming
from a distance in the surrounding region, and
from her old Esidumbini station. It was pa-
thetic to see one old heathen man, the day after
the funeral, come weeping that he had not
received word in time for him to take a last
look at his dear teacher's face, and mourn with
others at her burial. . . . During the last weeks
of her illness, she had such a sweet assurance
because of her perfect trust in Christ, that
peace, perfect peace, was her motto. She loved

Deceased Missionaries, 251

to talk of Christ and his nearness, and spoke
much of Bible study. Her room was cheery,
bright, and the center of joy and peace. While
we mourn the loss of such a friend and fellow-
worker, we rejoice in her bright example, pray-
ing that her mantle may fall upon us with a
double j)ortion of the spirit which characterized
her, and that the seed sown by her, in prayer
and labor for the people, may grow into an
abundant harvest. ... In her long missionary
life she was permitted to see many spiritual
children, and many, we doubt not, were waiting
for her at the gate of the City, as she en-
tered in."

A friend in this country wrote of her : —

" Those who knew Mrs. Tyler could not fail
to recognize her as one who had so trained her-
self that all Christian dispositions, a tranquil
nature, a loving spirit, meekness, gentleness,
disinterestedness, had become so habitual as to
be unconscious to herself. And yet, with this
measure of quiet grace, she was eminent in
active labors. She ' labored much in the Lord.'

" It has been said, ' The best work given to any
missionary is the ordering of a Christian home
in a heathen land.' This, in connection with
her work for the heathen, Mrs. Tyler perfectly
fulfilled. The home over which she presided
so brightly and usefully was characterized by
the grace and cheer and restfulness of the home
which Jesus loved at Bethany.

" She spent her life in cultivating the ideal
and practical side of character among the Zulus,

252 Forty Years Among the Zulus.

heathen and Christian, showing by her own ex-
ample the value of a life that blends spiritual
truth and care-taking, home-making duties in
one rounded whole.''

On the seventeenth of November, 1887, she
fell asleep and awakened to be " forever with
the Lord."




NATIVE education is receiving more
iittention than ever, not only from
American, but other societies. Our hope for
the future regeneration of Africa lies in the
young. Consequently, training institutions for
youth of both sexes, at central points, are
deemed a necessity. They are not designed to
take the place of primary schools, but to
advance pupils to a higher stage.

Of these institutions, the Amanzimtote
Seminary at Adams is at present the only
training school for Zulu lads connected with
the American mission. This was commenced
in 1805, by Rev. William Ireland. The
medium of instruction is the English language,
which pupils must understand to a certain
degree before entrance. Connected with the
seminary is an industrial department, in which
are taught carpentering, blacksmithing, shoe-
making, and printing. Tlie great object in
view is to give practical training. Its
religious character is of a high order, the
teachers aiming first of all at moral regener-
ation, without which their training may prove a
curse instead of a blessing. Stress is laid upon
Bible study, and the importance of overcoming


254 Forty Years Among the Zulus.

hereditary prejudices and superstitions. Its
record thus far is a noble one. Most of its
graduates are useful members of society, some
of them being teachers and preachers.

Jubilee Hall was opened in December, 1885,
at the semi-centennial anniversary of the mission.
It is a large, commodious structure, accommo-
dating about one hundred pupils, and costing
fl5,000, a part of which was contributed by
American friends and the remainder bv Natal
colonists. Beautifully located on a grassy hill
sloping towards the river Amanzimtote (^siveet
water'), it commands a line view of the Indian
Ocean, eight miles distant. Here the students
find a true home.

Those interested in this institution hope
much for its future. If funds are forthcoming,
a medical department is to be opened at
Adams, and the boys will receive such instruc-
tion as will overcome much of their supersti-
tious fear of disease. In every department
there is opportunity for enlargement, and to no
more worthy object can assistance be rendered.

The theological school was commenced in
1869 by Rev. Elijah Robbins. From time to
time men have gone forth to be missionaries to
their own people. We trust many more will
avail themselves of the faithful teaching and
preparation for service which is given them
by Rev. Charles Kilbon, who has charge of
that department.

The Inanda Seminary for girls is not only
a school, but a home. From sixty to seventy




Native Education. 255

bright girls, varying in age from twelve
to sixteen, most of them born of Christian
parents, are here taught the elements of a
good education. The success of the school is
owing in a great measure to the wise judg-
ment and unwearied efforts of Mrs. Edwards,
who began it in 1869.

The course of study pursued embraces bibli-
cal histor}^ harmony of the Gospels, reading,
translation and dictation in Zulu and English,
writing, arithmetic, geography, history, physi-
ology, and English composition. Special atten-
tion is paid to needlework in its various
branches, as well as domestic employment and
gardening. The fee for board and tuition is
twenty-five dollars per annum for each pupil.
So anxious are girls to attend this school that
they frequently run away frorh their kraals, pur-
sued by their fathers or brothers, whose chief
desire is to secure the cattle for which they may
be sold when of a marriageable age. After a
palaver of half an hour or so, if they find the
girl is determined to stop, they leave her and
go home. The girls cultivate twenty acres of
land and endeavor to make the school self-sup-
porting. This end has not yet been wholly
accomplished. Friends in America have kindly
assumed the res^)onsibility of supporting some
whose parents are too poor, or unwilling to
furnish the means.

The girls are taught singing and render diffi-
cult music by note correctly and sweetly, tak-
ing the soprano and alto with ease in anthems.

256 Forty Years Among the Zulus,

duets, etc. Their new building, Edwards Hall,
erected by gifts from mission circles in this
country, amounting to 15,000, is all that can
be desired for convenience and utility. In
describing an examination at Inanda, a few
years ago, Mrs. Tyler wrote : —

" As I sat on the platform facing forty girls,
two at each desk, T wondered what would be
the future of them all, and I am thankful that
my faith, which has been many times weakened
by disappointments, did not fail to predict a
happy life for them. They have stepped a
long way out of heathenism, and, in their reci-
tations and conversation, appear to me to know
better than ever what the ' Light ' means, and
what an infinite blessing has come to them
through Christian teaching. It is a great gain
to secure them for several vears, so that their
habits may become fixed and their minds have
elevating influences which they do not find at
their homes. I counted ten whose mothers had
lived with me when they were children."

Umzumbe Home is another school for girls,
but, unlike Inanda Seminary, the majority of
scholars come from heathen kraals, without
previous preparation. Of the Christian in-

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