Junius F. Wells.

The Contributor: representing the Young men's and Young ladies ..., Volume 12 online

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3. Select Smging. 4. Discourse, John
Henry Smith. 5. Verbal Reports:
Cache, Box Elder, Weber, Davis»
and Salt Lake Stakes. 6. Anthem,
* 'Heavenly Father.** 7. Benediction.

7:30 p. m. Music by Tabernacle Choir,
Evan Stephens, director. — Invocation:
(i) Singing, ''Pilgrims* Chorus;** (2)
prayer; (3) singing, "Vales of Deseret.*'
2. Lecture, Angus T. Wright. 3. Glee,
by Harmony Glee Club. 4. Address,
"Mission and Opportunities of the Y. M.
M. I. A.,*' Moses Thatcher. 5. Verbal
Reports: Utah, Tooele, Morgan, Sum-
mit, Wasatch, and Uintah Stakes. 6.
Motette, "God of Israel.** 7. Benedic-
tion.

Monday Ju$te 1st, 10 a.m. Music by Sing-
ing Clubs South and West of Salt Lake



City, H. E. Giles, director. — Invocation:
(i) Singing; (2) prayer; (3) singing.
2. Lecture. 3. Singing. 4. Remarks,
Heber J. Grant 5. Verbal Re-
ports: Juab, Millard, Beaver, Paro-
wan, and St. George Stakes. 6. Sing-
ing. 7. Benediction.

2 p. m. Music, Singing Clubs North
and East of Salt Lake City, Geo. E
Hyde, director.— Invocation: (i) Sing-
ing; (2) prayer; (3) Singing. 2. Lec-
ture. 3. Singing. 4. Presentation pi
Officers and Statistical Reports. 5.
Verbal Reports: Sanpete, Sevier, Emery,
Panguitcl:, Kanab, and Arizona Stakes.
6. Singing. 7. Benediction.

Monday^ June isL 8:30 p. m. Musi-
cal contest for The CeifTRiBuroR prizes.
— I. Contest fbr second prize, |ioo.oo,
by clubs of sixteen voices. 2. Contest
for seventh prize, tenor solo: "Once
Again, **|i5.oo for best, |io.oofor second.
3. Contest for the third prizes, I75.00, by
double quartettes. 4. Contest for sixth
prize, baritone or bass solo: "The Old
Brigade," I1500 for best, |io.oo for
second. 5. Contest for fourth prize,
I50.00, quartette: "Like the Woodland
Roses.*' 6. Contest for fifth prize,
I25.00, duet: "Ship Ahoy,** bass and
tenor voices. 7. Contest for first prize,
I200.00, by clubs of not less than twenty-
five voices. 8. Grand Finale: "Com-
rades in Arms,*' by all the contestants. ^

Admission to the musical contest, any
part of the Tabernacle, twenty-five cents.



Tempo di Mareia,

mf ModercUo,



STAND BY THE FLAG-



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Stand by the flag, its folds have streamed in glory, To

Stand by the flag, though death shots 'round it rattl^. And

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STAND BY THE FLAG.



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foee a fear, to friends a feat - al robe, And spread in rhythmic
on - der-neath, its war-ing folds har^ met, In all the dread ar»



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lines the saored story, Of flreedom's triumph - Ter all the globe,
ray of sanguine battle, The guiding lance and glittering bayo-net



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Stand by the flag, on land and ocean bil-low. By it your fi&thers
Stand by the flag, all doubt and treason scorning, Beliere with courage



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stood unmored and true, Liring de - fend - ed dying from their

firm and fkith sublime. That it will float un - til the *ter - nal



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pil - low, With their last blessing passed it on to you.
morning. Pales in its glo - ry all the light of time.

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THE MUSICAL CONTEST.



We trust that all the singers intending:
to take part in the coming contest are
wide awake to the fact that only one
month now intervenes between us and
that event — the first of the kind in Utah.
Also that their names should immediately
be sent in to Prof. Evan Stephens, that
he may have .time to properly prepare
everything in order. Parties competing
should state name of club or ward, which
prize they are entering for ; and if solo or
duet, their names in full, and which solo.
This should have been done by May ist,
but names will be accepted until May
25th, when the list will be closed.

Prof. Joseph J. Daynes has been en-
gaged to accompany the 6ongs and duets
on a piano, and will practice privately
with any and all who desire him to
accompany them, during the two days
previous to the contest. They can make
arrangements as to time of meeting with
him Sunday morning. May 24th, at the
Tabernacle. He will do his utmost to
help every singer to sing his piece as
he (the singer) deems proper, and thus
aid each one to excel in his own way
in rendering the piece.

The adjudicators will be Professors
Ebenezer Beezley, Salt Lake City; Alex-
ander Lewis, Logan; and T. E. Daniels,
Provo; three men beyond reproach as to
ability and fairness. They will be placed
where they can hear perfectiy and undis-
turbed, but cannot see the performers,
who will be called to sing by numbers
and not by name. Each adjudicator will
give his own verdict separately, and
when two or the three shall have agreed,
the victor will be announced to the
audience at once; if no two decide on the
same, the verdict will be withheld until
they meet to discuss the matter, and
either agree upon the winner, or
order the sharing of the prize, all
of which doubtless can be done be-
fore the audience is dismissed. The
order in which the contestants must
appear will be drawn for, as No. 1,2,3, etc.
The first name received by Mr. Stephens
having the first draw for place, and so on
in like order as they are received.

The precise pieces (choruses) to be



used in the contest will be announced in
good time before the contest takes place;
in the mean time, all clubs should master
all the pieces issued in The Contributor,
and **Conu^des in Arms" to be sung col-
lectively by all at the close.

It now only remains for us to urge
the young men to be confident and
fearless about this contest. It is not
humiliating to lose, thoifgh honorable to
win. There can be but one best, per-
haps, but there can be ra^xiy good\ and
the benefit of the study and earnest
work given to master the pieces will be
a reward worth more than the prize;
while your example in attempting to
excel in a noble refining pursuit will be
equally beneficial on the rising genera-
tion as will be that of the winners. En-
ter with the one determination to do
your best according to your present
ability, and if that doesn't win the prize,
aim at once to better that ability untO
you excel the winners. You will have
an orderly,sympathetic audience who will
appreciate your every endeavor.

The points of merits will be general
all around excellence; the best^ most
correct, soulful, truthful rendering of the
piece. Of course the necessary qualifica-
tions to accomplish this must be present
in the performers, before such a rendi-
tion is possible. A poorly -balanced club
cannot render a chorus as well as a well-
balanced club can do— if th<6 well-bal-
anced club sing with equal care and truth-
fulness of expression; otherwise they may.

So to sing well *The Old Brigade,"
one having compass and [>ower, has the
advantage of one deficient in these re-
quisites. Yet others, by being care-
ful and true in expression, soulfulness,and
in bringing out the meaning of the various
lines and making the whole a living pic-
ture, may excel the former in the rendi-
tion of the piece.

Do not fancy you have no chance be-
cause someone else has a louder voxct
than you have, or is better, and more
favorably known. Remember, general
all around merit will be the test

Let us hear from you all soon.

Evan Stephens.



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THE CONTRIBUTOR.



Vou XII.



lUNE. 1891.



No. a.



CHURCH EMIGRATION.



PLACES OF GATHERING.

*Ye are called to bring to pass the
gathering of mine elect, for mine elect
hear my voice and harden not their
hearts; wherefore, the decree hath gone
forth from the Father that they shall be
gathered in unto one place upon the face
of this land (America), to prepare their
hearts and be prepared in all things
against the day when tribulation and
desolation are sent forth upon ' the
wicked." Doc. and Cov., sec. xxix: 7, 8.

The foregoing is a quotation from a
revelation given through Joseph the Seer,
in the presence of six elders, in Fayette,
Seneca Counftr, New York, in September,
1830, about five months after the Church
was organized. It tells, in plain language,
that the dispensation just opened, through
the instrumentality of Joseph the Prophet,
was to be a gathering dispensation, and
that the elect should be brought into one
place upon the western continent. Prev-
ious to this the Lord had revealed to
Joseph Smith that the New Jerusalem
was to be built within the borders of the
United States, or "on the borders by the
Lamanites." Doc. and Cov., sec. xxviii: 9.

In the beginning of the year, 1831,
Joseph Smith removed with his family to
Kirtland, Ohio, about two hundred and
fifty miles southwest of his temporary
home in Fayette, Seneca County, New
York; and on February 4th, 1831, a few
days after his arrival there, a revelation
was given in which the Lord commanded
His people '*to assemble themselves to-
gether" at Kirtland. Doc. and Cov., sec.
xli: 167.

Thus the village of Kirtland, Ohio,
where a large branch of the Church had
8



•been raised up by Parley P. Pratt, and
fellow-missionaries, a few months previ-
ous, became the first place of gathering
in this dispensation; and as the spirit of
persecution pursued all the branches
organized m the State of New York and
elsewhere, to a very great extent, the
Saints, agreeable to the commandment
of God, commenced to gather to Kirtland.

But there was a land of still greater
importance, than Kirtland, Ohio, kept
in reserve for the Saints, although the
exact location of the same had not yet
been revealed. However, in a revelation
given through Joseph the Seer, in Kirt-
land, Ohio, February 9th, 1831, the Lord,
speaking to the elders, said: "From this
place (Kirtiand) ye shall go forth into the
regions westward; and inasmuch as ye
shall find them that will receive you, ye
shall build up my church, in every region,
until the time shall come when it shall be
revealed unto you fi-om on high, when
the city of the New Jerusalem shall be
prepared, that ye may be gathered in
one, that ye may be my people, and I
will be your God. ♦ ♦ ♦ That my
covenant people may be gathered in one
in that day when I shall come to my
Temple. ♦ * * *Thou shalt ask, and
it shall be revealed unto you in mine
own due time where the New Jerusalem
shall be built. ♦ * ♦ And ye shall
hereafter receive church covenants, such
as shall be sufficient to establish you,
both here (Kirtland) and in the New Jer-
usalem." Doc. and Cov., sec. xlii: 8, 9,
36, 62, 67.

In a revelation given at Kirtland, Ohio,
March 7, 1831, the Saints were com-
manded to gather up their riches, with
one heart and one mind, to purchase an



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282



CHURCH EMIGRATION



inheritance, which the Lord would point
out to them. This inheritance was to be
the place of the New Jerusalem or Zion.
Doc. and Cov., sec. xlv: 64-71.

June 7, 1831, the Lord, in a revelation
given through Joseph the Seer, at Kirt-
land, Ohio, commanded* Joseph Smith,
Sidney Rigdon, Hyrum Smith, Edward
Partridge, David Whilmer, Martin Harris,
Parley P. Pratt, Orson Pratt, and about
twenty other elders to journey westward,
two by two, preaching the word, and
building up branches of the Church
wherever the people would receive their
testimony. These elders were to take
different routes, and meet together in
the capacity of a conference in the west-
em part of Missouri. In this revelation
the Lord said that masmuch as His
elders were faithful, the land of their
inheritance should be made known unto
them. Doc. and Gov., sec. hi.

Joseph Smith, and a number of the other
elders mentioned, arrived in Independ-
ence, Jackson County, Missouri, about
the middle of July, 1831. A few days
after their arrival, having traveled a dis-
tance of nearly one thousand miles, in a
westerly direction, from Kirtland, Ohio,
a revelation was given, in which the Lord
said that the land of Missouri was the
land which He had appointed and con-
secrated for the gathering of the Saints.
* 'Wherefore, '» said the Lord, "this is the
land of promise, and the place for the
city of Zion. ♦ ♦ * Behold the place
which is now called Independence, is the
center place, and a spot for the Temple
is lying westward, upon a lot which is
not far from the court house. Wherefore,
it is wisdom that the land should be pur-
chased by the Saints; and also every
tract lying westward, even unto the line
running direcdy between Jew and Gen-
tile. And also every tract bordering by
the prairies, inasmuch as my disciples
are enabled to buy lands. Behold, this
is wisdom, that they may obtain it for an
everlasting inheritance."

By the same revelation, Sidney Gilbert
was appointed an agent for the Church,
to receive money and to buy land for the
benefit of the Saints; and Edward Par-
tridge, as the Bishop of the Church, was



commanded to divide to the Saints, who
should arrive in the land of Zion, their
inheritances, according to their families,
etc.

About a week/ after the arrival of Joseph
and his brethren in Jackson County,
the first company of emigrants, known
as the Colesville branch (because they
hailed from Colesville, Broom County,
iVew York) arrived and settled on the
borders of a fertile prairie, west of the
Big Blue, in Kaw District, and not far
from the present site of Kansas City.
On the second of August, 1831, Joseph
the Prophet, assisted the Colesville
branch to lay the first log for a house, as
the foundation of Zion in Kaw Township,
nearly twelve miles southwest of In-
dependence. On ttie same occasion,
through prayer, the land of Zion was
consecrated and dedicated for the gather-
ing of the Saints, by Elder Sidney Rig-
don. On the following day (August 3rd)
the^spot for the Temple, a short distance
west of the village of Independence, was
dedicated; and on the fourth the first con-
ference was held by the Saints in Jackson
County.

This, then, was the con^mencement of
building the dty of Zion— the New Jeru-
salem — or whac has since been designated
the central city or Center Stake of Zion.
All other gathering places, which have
since been selected and dedicated for the
benefit of the Saints, have been and are
still known as Stakes of Zion.

As this lovely and fertile land has
previously been described in The Con-
tributor and other periodicals, together
with the subsequent persecutions and
mobbings of the Saints, and their final
expulsion from Jackson County, we will
here simply state that, as soon as it be-
came known that the Lord had pointed
out the land of promise, and commanded
His people to gather there, the Saints
responded cheerfully to the call, and the
following two years witnessed a steady
emigration from the scattered branches
of the Church in the diflferent parts of the
Union, into Jackson County, where that
industry, frugality, thrift, and union,
which has since characterized the people
of God in all their subsequent gathering



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CHURCH EMIGRATION,



283



places, soon asserted itself, and caused a
marked distinction between the Saints
and their rather lazy and indolent neigh-
bors, who mostly hailed from the South-
ern States. Large tracts of land were
bought from the government at the rate
of I1.35 an acre; several hundred farms
were opened, and mills and many exten-
sive improvements commenced. A mer-
cantile house was also established at
Independence, and a printmg office
opened, from which the first Chlirch
periodical, the Evening and Morning
Siar, was issued. The Saints also en-
deavored to comply with the law of con-
secration, which the Lord had revealed
and established among them, but inex-
perienced as they were, at that time, they
were unable to keep it.

In the meantime trouble arose belween
the Saints and their Gentile neighbors.
Jealousy, hatred, contention, mobbings,
persecutions, and expulsion followed;
and in the foil of 1833, the Saints were
driven, as a body, nimibering then about
twelve thousand souls, by their merciless
persecutors, out of Jackson County,
and have never since been privileged to
return.

On the north side of the Missouri River,
or on the opposite bank from Jackson
County, lies the county of Clay. There
the Saints found temporary shelter, after
their expulsion from Jackson County,
the people there being more fHendly
* toward them than in any other place
where they sought protection at the time.
Hence, Clay County may be considered
the third general gathering place of the
Saints; and most of the members of the
Church who had been expelled from
Jackson County, as well as others who
emigrated to Missouri, principally from
the Western and Middle States, spent
nearly three years in that particular
locality, while the headquarters of the
Church actually were in Kirtland, Ohio,
where Joseph the Prophet and most of
the general authorities of the Church
resided, and where the first Temple
reared by the Saints in this dispensation,
was built in the years of 1833-36.

Thus, while Clay County, Missouri,
was a general gathering place for the



Saints in the West, many of the members
from the branches and conferences in the
Eastern States, flocked into - Kirtland,
which had been properly organized as a
Stake of Zion, and a regular gathering
place.

It was here, in the House of the Lord,
that the keys for the gathering of Israel
were restored, and conmiitted to Joseph
the Prophet This most important event
took place on Sunday, the third of April,
1836, when, after the administering ot
the sacrament, Joseph Smith and Oliver
Cowdery retired to the pulpit, in the west
end of the Temple, to pray. The vail,
which separated the pulpit from the con-
gregation, was dropped, and while the
two servants of God were engaged in
solemn and silent supplication, the vail
was taken from their minds, their under-
standings were opened, and a glonous
vision given them, in which they saw the
Lord standing upon the breastwork of
the pulpit before them, and heard Him
speak with a voice that resembled the
sound of the rushing of great waters.
"After this vision dosed,*' writes the ^
Prophet, '*the heavens were again opened
unto us, and Moses appeared before us,
and committed unto us the keys of the
gathering of Israel, from the four parts
of the earth, and the leading of the Ten
Tribes from the land of the north. ♦ ♦ «
After this vision had closed, another
great and glorious vision burst upon us,
for Elijah the Prophet, who was taken to
heaven without tasting death, stood
before us and said: 'Behold, the time
has fully come which was spoken of by
the Prophet Malachi, testifying that he
(Elijah) should be sent before the great
and dreadful day of the Lord come, to
turn the hearts of the fathers to the child-
ren, and the children to the fathers, lest
the whole earth be smitten with a curse.
Therefore, the keys of this dispensation
are committed into your hands, and by
this ye may know that the great and
dreadful day of the Lord is near, even at
the doors.** Doc. and Cov., sec. ex:
11-16.

The reader will here bear in mind that,
although the Saints had gathered in from
the different States in the Union, previous



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284



CHURCH EMIGRATION,



to this no general gathering of Israel
from the four quarters of the earth had
been contemplated; neither could this be
effected until the keys for that purpose
were committed to men in the flesh: but
soon after the appearing of Moses to
Joseph and Oliver, in the Kirtland
Temple, the first foreign mission was
opened, and the gathering of Israel from
the British nations, and subsequently
from Scandinavia, Germany, France,
Italy, the islands of the sea, and many
other countries, has since been going on
steadily; and it will thus continue until
all the ancient and modem predictions
concerning the gathering of that chosen
people, in the last days, shall be fulfilled.

The reader should also bear 4n mind
that the keys committed to Joseph Smith,
by Elijah the prophet, are closely con-
nected with those restored by Moses;
for, while the latter opens the door for
Israel to gather, the former opens up a
most glorious and important labor to be
performed by the people of God, after
they are gathered, namely, to erect holy
Temples into which they can enter and
perform ordinances of salvation both for
themselves and their ancestors; and thus
bring about a most happy condition of
af&irs among the human family, by caus-
ing the hearts of the fathers to yearn
with the deepest sense of gratitude and
affection toward their descendants, who,
as saviors on Mount Zion, by bonds of
the most sacred covenants and labors of
love, are bringing about the redemption
of their progenitors who have died with-
out the knowledge of the Gospel.

In the fall of 1836 the second driving of
the Saints took place, but was not, as
had been the case in Jackson County,
attended with bloodshed. This time it
was the Clay County people, who, raising
objections to the Saints, ''because they
were eastern men, whose habits, cus-
toms, and even dialect, were essentially
different from the Missourians,*' made
an earnest appeal to them to leave the
County of Clay, and seek homes else-
where. During the three years the Saints
had resided in Clay County, they had,
by industry, economy, and prudence,
acquired considerable wealth, and enjoyed



prosperity and the comforts of life; and
had also been enabled to purchase
large tracts of land. But in order to
avoid more disastrous results they chose
to sacrifice their homes a second time
and leave the older inhabitants of Clay
County in peaceful possession, as they had
found them three years previous. These
resolutions they inmiediately carried into
practice by moving into an almost unin-
habited r^on of country, lying about
thirty-five miles northeast of Liberty,
Clay County, and which was soon after-
wards given a separate county organiza-
tion under the name of Caldwell County.
Into this prairie country the Saints com-
menced their retreat in September, 1836,
and soon founded Far West, and other
smaller settlements. During the follow-
ing t<(ro y«ars Caldwell County was
changed from a naked prairie to one of
the most flourishing counties in Missouri,
and as the emigration from Ohio and
other states increased, the foundation of
another town called Adam-ondi-Ahman
was laid on Grand River, in Davis County,
twenty-five miles north of Far West, and
a village commenced in Carroll County,
on the Missouri River, called De Witt
Altogether, several hundred thousand
acres of land were entered at the land
office, and thousands of large and flour-
ishing farms opened. The corner
stones were also laid for a Temple at Far
West, a printing office established there,
and numerous industrial pursuits com-
menced. Both Far West and Adam-
ondi-Ahman were organized into Stakes
of Zion, and the Iqnd dedicated for the
gathering of the Saints.

In the meantime persecutions, caused
principally by the treachery of apostates,
had broken out in Kirtland, Ohio, which
resulted in another sacrifice of homes
and property in 1838, when nearly all the
Saints in Ohio, including Joseph the
Prophet, and other leading men in the
Church, were forced to leave their first
Temple city and join their brethren in
Missouri. This was the third general
driving which took place in the experi-
ence of the Church.

The Saints from Kirtland had barely had
time to locate themselves at Adam-oodi-



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CHURCH EMIGRATION.



286



Ahman in Davis County, Missouri,
when persecutions of a more desperate
character than thitherto had been konwn,
broke out against them and termin-
ated in the expulsion of about twelve
thousand people from Missouri in the
winter of 1858-39 and the spring of 1839.
The house-burnings, whippings, impri-
sonments, and murd^ connected with
those sad and memorable days are mat-
ters of history that do not belong to this
narrative. Suffice it to say that it was a
religious persecution from beginning to
end, as the Saints had done nothing to
bring these troubles upon themselves, ex-
cept that they believed in revelations
from God and had organized themselves
according to the pattern of the Church of
Christ The exodus from Missouri is
known in Church history as the fourth
of a series of five general drivings of the
people of God in the last days.

After finding temporary shelter in



Online LibraryJunius F. WellsThe Contributor: representing the Young men's and Young ladies ..., Volume 12 → online text (page 45 of 76)