Library of ^arfcara
EDITED BY JUSTIN WINSOR,
SPARKS MANUSCRIPTS IN HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY,
WITH AN APPENDIX SHOWING OTHER MANUSCRIPTS.
BY JUSTIN WINSOR.
RKPUBLISHED FROM THE BULLETIN OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
6g fye 3Lt6rarg of ^atbarfc
Already issued or in -preparation
If a star is prefixed, it indicates that the part is not yet ready.
1. EDWARD S. HOLDEN. Index-Catalogue of Books and
Memoirs on the Transits of Mercury.
2. JUSTIN WINSOR. Shakespeare's Poems : a Bibliography
of the Earlier Editions.
3. CHARLES ELIOT NORTON. Principal books relating to
the Life and Works of Michelangelo, with Notes.
4. JUSTIN WINSOR. Pietas et Gratulatio. An Inquiry
into the authorship of the several pieces.
5. LIST OF APPARATUS in different Laboratories of the
United States, available for Scientific Researches
involving Accurate Measurements.
6. THE COLLECTION OF BOOKS AND AUTOGRAPHS, be.
queathed to Harvard College Library, by the Honor,
able Charles Sumner.
7. WILLIAM C. LANE. The Dante Collections in the
Harvard College and Boston Public Libraries.
8. CALENDAR of the Arthur Lee Manuscripts in Harvard
9. GEORGE LINCOLN GOOD ALE. The Floras of different
10. JUSTIN WINSOR. Halliwelliana: a Bibliography of the
Publications of James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps.
11. SAMUEL H. SCUDDER. The Entomological Libraries
of the United States.
12. FIRST LIST OF THE PUBLICATIONS of Harvard Uni-
versity and its Officers. 1870-1880.
13. SAMUEL H. SCUDDER. A Bibliography of Fossil
14. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Notes on the Historical
Hydrography of the Handkerchief Shoal in the
15. J. D. WHITNEY. List of American Authors in Geology
16. RICHARD BLISS. Classified Index to the Maps in
Petermann's Geographische "Mittheilungen. 1855-
17. RICHARD BLISS. Classified Index to the Man- ' '
Royal Geographical Society's Publications.
:S. Ju IN WINSOR. The Bibliography of Ptolemy**
19. JUSTIN WINSOR. The Kohl Collection of Early Maps.
20. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference
Lists, no. i. 1884-1885.
ai. SECOND LIST OF THE PUBLICATIONS of Harvard Uni-
versity and its Officers. 1880-1885.
22. JUSTIN WINSOR. Calendar of the Sparks Manuscripts
in Harvard College Library.
33. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Third List of the Publica-
tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1885-
34. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference Lists,
no. a. 1885-1886.
35. W. G. FABLOW and WILLIAM TBELEASE. List of
Works on North American Fungi.
26. WILLIAM C. LANS. The Carlyle Collection.
27. ANDREW McF. DAVIS. A few notes on the Records
of Harvard College.
28. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Fourth List of Publica-
tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1886-
29. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference Lists,
no. 3. 1887.
30. SHELLEY'S " SKYLARK," a Facsimile of the original
31. W. G. FARLOW. Supplemental List of Works on
North American Fungi.
32. H. C. BADGER. Mathematical Theses, 1782-1839.
SPARKS MANUSCRIPTS IN HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY.
BY JUSTIN WINSOK, Librarian of Harvard University.
*** There is a condensed list of these papers, in the Appendix (pp. 213-230) of The Catalogue of the Library of Jared
Sparks, with a list of the historical manuscripts collected by him and now deposited in the Library of Harvard University :
Cambridge, 1871. This appendix has been heretofore the only key to the contents of the collection, which is kept in a sepa-
rate case in the Library. The Roman numbers for headings in the present Calendar show the order in which the volumes' stand
in the case, being arranged alphabetically under four classes, English, French, Spanish, Miscellaneous. The Preface of the
above-named Catalogue says of the papers that under Mr. Sparks's will they were made the property of his son, Mr. "William
Eliot Sparks, with a conditional reversion to Harvard University. Mr. W. E. Sparks has since (Sept. 1886) died. The same
account adds that these papers " were collected with intuitive skill and increasing ability during various tours, undertaken
since 1819 for the purpose : first in the thirteen original states ; often elsewhere in his own enlarged country; three times in
prolonged visits to Europe ; by means also of his extensive correspondence during the years 1819-1866." Then referring to
papers still in the possession of Mr. Sparks's family, the preface goes on to say : " These letters are arranged in sixty large
volumes, with a daily index. The Journals of the tours point out the deposits of many unknown treasures ; sketching scenes,
characters and incidents thus preserving information and reproducing reminiscences of a period far more remote." This is
the material for some future adequate biography of Mr. Sparks, who has, however, already been commemorated in an
extended memorial, which was prepared with every advantage of access to his papers, by his friend, the Rev. Dr. George
Edward Ellis, for the Massachusetts Historical Society. This appeared first in the Proceedings of that society, May, 1868,
and then separately as a Memoir of Jared Sparks, LL.D., by Geo. E. Ellis, Cambridge, 1869, accompanied by two portraits,
one after an unfinished Stuart, painted in 1828; the other the profile of a bust taken later, by Hiram Powers, and "presented
to Harvard College by the students under his presidency." There is also a Memoir by Brantz Mayer, Baltimore, 1869.
Mr. Sparks's will reads as follows : " My will further is, that my historical manuscript papers, bound in volumes, shall
be kept together in a case by themselves, and shall become the property of my said son, when he arrives at the age of
twenty-one years ; and my request is that he or (in case of his death before he arrives at the age of twenty-one years) my said
wife will ultimately give them to the Library of Harvard College, at such time as he or she may choose ; or if such transfer
shall not be made before the death of my said wife and son, then my will is, that my executors shall give them to the said
library, on the express conditions that the said manuscripts shall always be kept together in one case, and be open to the
inspection of such persons as are authorized to consult books in said library under such rules as will secure their safe and care-
ful preservation, and that no part of them shall ever be allowed to be taken out of the library building." On July 2, 1866, the
Corporation received the manuscripts in advance of the deaths of the legatees, " subject to the terms of the will, the control
and property being reserved according to its conditions and during the life of the present legatees."
Ainslie's Journal, 1775. Small quarto. "From
the manuscripts of George Chalmers. Bought in
London, 1843." The title page, which is marked
" Thos. Ainslie " in an upper corner reads : Journal
of the most remarkable occurrences in the Province
of Quebec from the appearance of the Rebels in
September, 1 775, until their retreat of the sixth of
May. Sit mihi fas audita loqui. VIRGIL. 1776.
The MS. begins with transactions of the summer
of 1775, and becomes a daily record Dec. 1. On
the 30th the story of an Irish deserter from the
rebels is given. A full account is given of the
attack on the night following Dec. 31st. On Jan. 1,
1776, "Two deserters came in to-day. On their
report that Mr. Montgomery is missing, the dead
bodies were shown to the prisoners. They pointed
out their general," etc. The last entry is May 7,
1776, made up mostly of recapitulations and gen-
Joseph Bennett. Small quarto. Endorsed by
Mr. Sparks as The History of New England, and
Presented to me by William Vaughan, Esq., Lon-
don, Dec. 2d, 1840. It begins : " To Mr. Samuel
Savill of Currier's Hall, London, Attorney at law.
Dear Friend, I here present you with an ab-
stracted historical Account of that part of America
called New England, to which I have added the
History of our Voiage there to Anno . Domini
1740." This is followed by an apologetic letter
signed JOSEPH BENNETT. An " Introduction " on
the general colonizing schemes of the English fol-
lows, and then comes " The History of New Eng-
land in which is contained some general remarks
of what happened from the year 1620 in the first
of their attempts to settle colonies there, to the
year 1741." The eighteen chapters cover, 1, a
description of the country ; 2, the earliest settle-
ments ; 3, indian wars, sectarian disputes, perse-
CALENDAR OF THE SPARKS MANUSCRIPTS
cution of the quakers ; 4, Indians and the wars
with them : 5, from King James' accession to the
treaty of Utrecht, 1713; 6, Sir William Phips;
7, divisions and subdivisions of New England;
8, trades, manufactures and clothing; 9, food and
productions of the soil ; 10, religion, education and
charities; 11, government, laws and currency;
12, animals of draught, travel and diversions ;
13, zoology and meteorology; 14, witchcraft; 15-
18, the indians ; 19, the voyage. (He arrived at
Boston, June 1, 1740.)
Considerable parts of the volume have been
printed in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings, Jan.
Board of Trade. Folio. Marked by Mr. Sparks :
Journal of the Board of Trade, 1 766-1 767. From
the manuscripts of George Chalmers. Bought -in
London, 1843. Begins with the meeting of Dec.
23, 1766, and ends with that of July 29, 1767.
Mr. Chalmers was secretary of the board, and
this may have been the office record, or an early
Sir Francis Bernard's Official Papers. Thir-
teen folios, bound in full morocco. Entitled by
Mr. Sparks The Papers of Sir Francis Bernard,
Governor of New Jersey and afterwards Governor
of Massachusetts. Bought in London, 1846.
Each volume has a chronological index at the end,
but the papers in the volumes are not always in
this order. See Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc. ii., index.
Vol. I. " Letter books, 1758-1761, New Jersey,
Massachusetts." Begins with an address of the
free towns, and Borough of Elizabeth, Perth Am-
boy, 1758. Copies of letters to and from Gov.
Bernard, in part respecting indian troubles on the
frontiers ; the affairs of the militia, and treaties
and conferences with the indians. The letters of
1759 begin on p. 63, and those of 1760 on p. 214.
The drafts are sometimes in Bernard's own hand.
They include letters to General Amherst, Gov
ernors Hamilton, DeLancey, and Boone, Sir Wil-
liam Johnson, Col. Peter Schuyler, Secretary Pitt,
Lord Barrington, and others.
There are also letters to Lord Halifax and the
lords Commissioners for trade and plantations
during Bernard's New Jersey sojourn.
In April, May and June, 1760, there are several
letters to A. Oliver, touching Bernard's transfer to
Massachusetts, his first letter from Boston being
Aug. 7, 1760 (p. 272), to Lord Barrington. From
Boston he wrote to Pitt, Lord Halifax, W. Boll an,
Secretary Pownall, the letters of 1761 beginning
on p. 285, and the last in the volume bearing date
Aug. 17, 1761.
Vol. II. "Letter books, 1761-1763. Massa-
chusetts." The first letter is dated at Boston,
Aug. 17, 1761. Besides correspondents already
named there are letters to the Earl of Egremont,
Cadwallader Colden, Brigadier Timothy Ruggles,
General Gage, Thomas Lechmere, Maj. Gen. Bas-
tide, Col. Thwing. Most of the letters, however,
are to the Lords of Trade, though a considerable
number are addressed to Gen. Amherst. Bernard
often writes from Castle William, which was a
favorite summer retreat with him. Others are
addressed to Governors Hardy, Wentworth, Bel-
cher, Monckton, Fitch, Boone, Murray, Popple;
Gen. Shirley, Sir Geo. Pococke, Jasper Mauduit,
This volume also contains various letters respect-
ing a proposition to found a new college in one of
the western counties. One of Bernard's letters to
the Earl of Egremont (p. 201) introduces to the
King's attention the " small oblation " of the Pietas
et Gratulatio published by Harvard College on his
Majesty's accession, and giving the reason why it
had not been earlier offered. To one corre-
spondent, evidently referring to the book, Bernard
says: "Perhaps an American muse may be as
great a curiosity as any the country affords." Other
letters refer to the grant of Mt. Desert island to
Bernard, which he had solicited.
Several letters pertain to the Acadians one in
1762 forbids any more to be landed ; others in 1763
show that there were about 1100 souls of such then
in the province.
Other letters concern the dislodging of the
French from Newfoundland in 1762. The last in
the volume is Dec. 26, 1763.
Vol. III. " Letter books, 1763-1765. Massa-
chusetts." The letters are between Apr. 9, 1763,
and July 15, 1765. Some new correspondents
appear, Thos. Townshend, William Fitzherbert,
etc. With the exception of a single letter by
Thomas Gage, Feb. 20, 1764, the copies are of
letters by Bernard.
Vol. IV. " Letter books, 1765-1766. Massa-
chusetts." The letters are between Oct. 26, 1764,
and Jan. 24, 1767. They are all letters from Ber-
nard except an order from him to Capt. Bradbury
Saunders, Commander of the sloop "Massachu-
Vol. V. "Letter books, 1765-1768. Massa-
chusetts." Letters to John Pownall, Thomas
Pownall, R. Jackson, Wm. Fitzherbert, W. Ellis,
Lord Barrington, Gray Cooper, H. S. Conway,
Sir Henry Moore, W. Franklin, Gov. DeWindt,
Lt.-Gov. Jas. Poole, Maj. Gen. Gage, Jno. Ste-
vens, P. V. Livingston, Chas. Read, Gov. Went-
worth, Gov. Hopkins, Rev. Mr. Palmer, Col.
IN HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY.
Dalrymple, Oliver Partridge, Edmund Quincy, Jr.,
etc. The letters are usually dated Boston, occa-
sionally Castle William and "Jamaica Farm, near
Vol. VI. "Letter books, 1767-1768. Massa-
chusetts." This volume is mainly made up of let-
ters addressed to lords Barrington, Shelburne and
Hillsborough ; to J. Pownall and R. Jackson.
Vol. VII. " Letter books," 1768-1769. Massa-
chusetts." This volume is mainly made up of let-
ters to Hillsborough, Barrington, Gen. Gage, Com.
Hood, J. Pownall, R. Jackson, Gov. Carleton, etc.
Vol. VIII. " Letter books, 1769-1772. Massa-
chusetts." This volume contains letters to Bar-
rington, Hillsborough. Hutchinson, Thomas Oliver,
At p. 182 is a long paper called " State of the
Disorders, Confusion and Misgovernment which
have prevailed and do still continue to prevail
in his Majesty's Province of Massachusetts Bay
in America." Mr. Sparks has dated it "Jan.
At p. 229 is a " Narrative," which concerns the
destruction of tea in Boston harbor, 1773. It
begins : ' ' The advices received from Boston in
letters from Gov. Hutchinson, Admiral Montagu,
and the Commandant of the King's troops at Castle
William, and the information taken here of Capt.
Scott, lately arrived from thence, contain the fol-
At p. 244, is a "List of papers relative to the
province of Massachusetts bay, selected from the
papers concerning riots and tumults in North
America, laid before the House of Lords, from the
first day of Jan. 1764 to the present time. [Jan. 28,
Vol. IX. "Original Correspondence, 1758-
1762. Massachusetts." Consists mainly of letters
to Gov. Bernard, from William Pitt, General Am-
herst, Lord Halifax, Lord Barrington, Earl of
Sterling, John Pownall, the Lords of Trade, Lord
Egremont, Wm. Bollan, etc.
' ' Some account of the New Jersey Provincial
troops" (p. 51).
" Champlain's account of St. Croix and Mount
Desert" as translated by Thomas Hutchinson
Vol. X. " Original Correspondence, 1762-1766.
Massachusetts." Letters to Gov. Barnard from
Gen. Amherst, Lords Barrington, Halifax, Egre-
mont, General Gage, H. S. Conway, J. Pownall,
The volume opens with a copy of the votes con-
veying gifts of twelve townships between the Pe-
nobscot and St. Croix rivers ; and contains a jour-
nal of a voyage to Mt. Desert, Oct. 1762 ; draughts
and boundaries of townships on the Penobscot,
Sagadahock and Union rivers ; an inquiry into the
origin and use of the terms " Acadia" and " Nova
Scotia " ; a statement of facts on which the Massa-
chusetts title to lands between the Penobscot and
St. Croix rivers depends ; proposal for settling
Germans on Mount Desert ; memorial about trade
at Mount Desert, and proposals for fishing colo-
nies there ; and the grant of the island to Bernard,
with a description of Mount Desert by an officer of
the " Cygnet," with coast views, and plans of the
Bernard's instructions to his son JFrank upon
returning to College.
Grants from the General Court for the encour-
agement of manufactures, 1754-1765.
Resolutions of Virginia and Massachusetts in
respect to the right of Parliament to impose taxes,
and report thereon of a Com. to the Privy Coun-
Vol. XI. " Original Correspondence," 1766-
1768. Massachusetts." Letters to Bernard from
H. S. Conway, Lord Barrington, Earl of Shel-
burne, J. Pownall, Hillsborough, General Gage.
Resolutions of the House of Commons for an
humble address to his Majesty respecting manu-
factures in the colonies.
His Majesty's orders in Council respecting the
correspondence of the governors.
" Descriptio insulae de Mount Desert," with pro-
posals for a German colony, 1767.
Stations of the regiments in America from June
1765 to Dec. 1767.
Proposal of John Hozo of Broad Bay to settle at
Mount Desert, 1768.
" Journal through part of Mount Dessart, by
Joseph Chadwick, begun Aug. 3, 1768."
Petition of the inhabitants of Mount Desert.
Vol. XII. "Original Correspondence, 1768-
1779. Massachusetts." Letters to Bernard from
Lords Hillsborough, Barrington, North; General
Gage, Lieut.-Gov. Hutchinson, J. Pownall, Andrew
A recall of Bernard, signed by Hillsborough and
countersigned by the King, dated Mar. 23, 1769
Bernard's petition to be heard before the Privy
Council in answer to charges against him by the
House of Representatives of Massachusetts (pp.
Orders appointing Jan. 27 and Feb. 28, 1770, as
the days for the complaint against Bernard to be
heard (pp. 171, 203). Petitions of Dennis De
Berdt (p. 207), and of Bernard (p. 175), with an
account of the hearing (pp. 211, 219) and evidence
CALENDAR OF THE SPARKS MANUSCRIPTS
List of gentlemen who have been turned out of
the Council in Massachusetts since the repeal of
the stamp act (p. 183).
Act to confiscate Bernard's property (p. 315).
Plan for appointing a bishop to reside in America
Reasons for the claim of Massachusetts to the
lands between the Penobscot and St. Croix (p. 265).
Resolutions of both houses of Parliament rela-
tive to the public transactions in Massachusetts
Observations upon the answer of the Council
Bernard's petition to the King for an increase of
Vol. XIII. "Orders and Instructions, 1758-
1761. New Jersey and Massachusetts." Instruc-
tions as governor of New Jersey, Apr. 1, 1758
(p. 1), and further orders as to trade and navi-
gation laws (p. 75), and as to paper currency, Feb.
12, 1759 (p. 141).
Instructions as governor of Massachusetts Bay,
Mar. 18, 1760 (p. 149) ; Commission as Captain
General and Governor-in-chief, Mar. 12, 1761
(p. 223) ; and the royal permission for Bernard to
return to England, June 22, 1768 (p. 243).
American Papers. ' ' From the manuscripts of
George Chalmers. Bought in London, 1843."
Vol. I. 1493-1784. Copies, principal among
which are :
1493. The Pope's grant of America to Spain.
1496. Commission of the Cabots by Henry VII.
1604. Bacon's account of the conduct of James I.
1607. Spanish maxims about America.
1630. Treaty of Madrid.
1644. DeLaet's account of the Dutch West India
1683. Ships cleared to England and the Plantations.
1688. English revolution. Journal of events.
1689. Papers relating to New York, New Jersey
1692. Pardon granted to the Colonies.
1696.. Supply and trade of the West Indies. Mis-
cellaneous order of Parliament.
1698. Notes on English Taxation.
1699. Imports and exports to and from the Colo-
1701. Representations of the Board of Trade as to
1713. Colonial Post Office.
1714-18. Ships cleared from England to the Colo-
1734. Population of the West Indies.
1740. Carthagena expedition.
1743. Essay on government.
1746-58. Journal of the Board of Trade.
1756. Lord Halifax to Sir Chas. Hardy.
1759. Colonial trade.
1761. Admiralty Courts. Letter of Col. Wm.
Byrdon a campaign against the Cherokees.
Misrepresentations in Galloway's Political
1766. Anecdote of Lord Chatham.
1767. Sir William Johnson to Lord Shelburne.
1768. Number of American built ships.
1770. Shipping trade with the American Colonies.
1771. Exports of British sugar islands.
1773. Address of Virginia House of Burgesses.
1774. Mode of appointing the first Congress, in
Gen. Gage to Lord Dartmouth ; Dartmouth
Estimate of population in the Colonies.
1775. Answer of Congress to the proclamation
against rebellion. Depreciation of paper
currency. Causes of the capture of
1776. Letter of Chatham, Mar. 9.
Lord and General Howe's commission to
treat of peace.
May 25, letter from Ticonderoga, recount-
ing the bad news from Canada, of the
July 14, Declaration of Lord Howe at New
1777. Chatham's speech, Nov. 20. Staff of Ameri-
can army. Movements of the northern
army, giving dates, detailed by Col. Skene ;
with statements of British forces, given
July 1 as 6997, and Nov. 1 as 4599.
1784. Henry Harford's memorial of sufferings as
Vol. II. 1783-1814.
1784. Papers regarding loyalists.
1786. March 16. Desires of the loyalists.
1787. John Forster on American loyalists. Ships
cleared from Massachusetts Bay.
1788. Claims of American loyalists.
1793. Jefferson and Hamilton on the American
1794. Nov. 19. Treaty of amity between U. S. and
1796. Calculation as to population of the U. S.
1802. Oct. 1. Convention between the King and
the U. S.
1803-5-6. Commissioners and Loyalists.
Chalmers's Annals of the United Colonies. Part
Second. " Copied from the original manuscript."
This is a continuation of Chalmers's Political An-
IN HARVAED COLLEGE LIBRAEY.
nals of the United Colonies. The First Part was
published in 1780, and this continuation by the N. Y.
Hist. Soc. in 1868.
" Letter to Lord Mansfield on the history of the
American Colonies by George Chalmers. Written
in the year 1780. Copied from the original manu-
script in the handwriting of Chalmers, 1846."
' ' The following memorandum is at the beginning
of the manuscript in Chalmers's handwriting : This
letter to lord Mansfield was really sent to his lord-
ship as a letter ; and it was read by his lordship,
who said that he would warrant the truth of it."
It makes 153 pages and is dated "The corner of
Park Street, Oxford Street, 18, Sept. 1780."
Notes and Extracts. "In the handwriting of
George Chalmers, relating to Maryland and Vir-
ginia; bought in London, 1843." It covers 1727-
1761 ; in quarto.
" Papers relating to Massachusetts and Plymouth,
from the manuscripts of George Chalmers. Bought
in London, 1843."
" Letters of Governor Sharp and others, chiefly
concerning the American Revolution. Copied
from the originals, 1843."
1. 1629. "Instrument from the Council at
Plymouth in Devon," printed in Hazard i. 298.
" Extracts from Plymouth (N. S.) records, 1649-
1661," relating to the Kennebec region.
2. " Papers relating to Plymouth in the hand
writing of George Chalmers." Data and memo-
3. "Letters of Governor Sharp and others,
copied from the originals in the office of the secre-
tary of State of Maryland, 1843."
1754-68. Sharp to lord Baltimore ; to Calvert ;
to John Sharpe ; to Wm. Sharpe ; to Loudon.
Cecil Calvert to Sharpe. Sharpe to Pitt ; to Hali-
fax ; to Gage ; to Chas. Lowndes ; to Gen. Con-
way; to Lord Hillsborough. Hillsborough to
Samuel Chase, Nov. 21-23, 1776, on the sur-
render of Fort Washington, and the condition of
Dartmouth to Gov. Sharpe, 1775.
Gen. Smallwood to the Maryland Convention
Oct. 12, 1776, about the battle of Long Island.
Gen. Greene to the Council of Maryland, High
Hills of Santee, July 17, 1781.
Papers relating to New England. 4 vols.