Karl Hudeczek.

The economic resources of Austria online

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dingly a great exporting industry, while the weaving indusiry
9,ppears to have a considerable cliance for development. The
branches that carry the manufacture further, printing, bleaching,
coloring, and finishing:-, are (m the other hand well tlfveloped
and need for full employment to import textiles in a crude state.
The clothing industry is also dependent on imports for its raw
material, but most of its j)iO(lucts are exported.

In the wool industry, which like the cotton industry, must procure
almost all of its raw material from foreign lands, the worsted
spinning mills have 133.000 sjiindles. l}ut there is in the coun-
try no great weaving establishment, except some efficient fac-
tories of blankets, car])ets, and furniture upholsterings. In Carin-
thia and the Tyrol there are several medium sized establisli-
ments that produce a woolen stuff known as "Loden".

The hemp spinning mills in noinial limes had to export S0**/(,
of their ])roduction.

In the linen industry, the spinning mills woiUed before the war for
export. The need of coarse linen goods was at that time covered by
domestic products, but Hue linen had to be brought almost wholly
from the regions th;it now belong to Czechoslovakia.

In general, Austria must come seconil to Czeclioslovakia in
its textile industry since the best labor conditions and raw
material supply have always been in Hohemia and .Moravia,
and now througli the aci|uisition of Slovakia otlier larg«' tt'xtile
factories have come into tlir ('/.'clioslov.ikian State. If we con-

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sider the most important branch, the cotton spinning- industry,
we find that only about 20 Vo of the productive capacity of the
former Austro-Hunortance of these concerns is the greater because
they not only operate in Austria but also control most of the
l)roduction in the territory of the Succession States so that the
|)aper production of the former Austria is still almost wholly
managed from Vienna. There is an especially active barter trade
with the Czechoslovakian factories; cellulose is sent to Austria
from Czechoslovakia, while Austria exports meclianicul pulp to
( "zechoslovakia.

A number of concerns of dillVrent size arc engaged in the
manufacture of paper goods, 180 factories in the manufju-ture of

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paper articles and 174 in making*- paper boxes. They are united
in the Association of Manufacturers of Paper and Cardboard
(Wirtschaftsverband dcr Papier- und Pappewaren-Erzeuger in
Vienna VJ.) Among the larger concerns are:

Manufactures of Paper: D. R. Pollak & Solme, Vienna VII:
Theyer & Hardtmuth, Vienna, I; Westermann, Seeburg & Co.,
Graz; A. Segal & Co., Vienna X\^; I. osterreichische Spielkarten-
fabrik A. G. Piatnik & Sohne, Vienna XIII; Lowit & Co., Kar-
tonagenfabrik, Vienna XVII; A. GIticksmann, Kartonnagenfabrik.
Vienna XVII.

Account hooks: F. Rollinger, Vienna XII; R. Strelez, Vienna
III; Geschaftsbiicherfabrik A. G. vorm. J. C. Konig & Ebhardt,
Vienna IV.

Cigarette paper: Adolf & Alexander Jacobi, Vienna VIII; Jac.
Schnabel & Co., Vienna XIX; Abadie, Vienna X; Adolf Reiss.
Vienna X.

Austrian Book PuhUshing Trade and Printing Industry: Be-
sides the study of science it is interested in the publication
of beUes lettres and art works and especially of music. Taking
account of present conditions it has also included in its activi-
ties the publication of original works in foreign languages. The
printing industry is united in the Association of Book Printers
(Wirtschaftsverband der Buchdrucker) in Vienna I. As important
concerns in this branch there should be named: Gesellschaft fur
graphische Industrie (Graphic Art Company), Vienna VI; Oster-
reichische Staatsdruckerei. Vienna, III (Government printing
office): Buchdruckerei der Manzschen Verlags- und Universitiits-
buchhandlung, Vienna IX; Waldheim, Eberle, A. G. Vienna VII;
C.'hristoph ReiBers Sohne, Buchdruckerei. Lithographie und Stein-
druckerei, Vienna V; Johann Vernay, Druckerei- und Verlags-
A. G. Vienna IX; Karl Scheibe, Buchbinderei, Vienna VI.

5. EleetPieal Industry.

Most of the concerns that manufactured electrical goods in the
Austro-Hungarian territory, are situated in Austria. Czecho-
slovakia cannot now nor in the near future supply its needs
by its own production; Jugoslavia, Poland and Rouraania have
at present no electrical industry at all. These countries are still

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for the most part supplied by the in-esent Austrian manufacturers.
There was also formerly a lively export to the Balkans, where
the Austrian firms maintain sales org-anizations, reachiuf? the
smallest places, and where they have the necessary aciiuaintance
with places and persons, so that they nmy be expected to find
a sure market in those regions also in the near future. Throujrh
the division of its former territory, the Austrian electrical industry
will be in the future mainly an export industry. At present the
factories, whose activity had l)een throttled during- the war. are
very busy with the rebuilding of- domestic industry, but in the
future the domestic demand will proljably re(piire scarcely more
than 30^'„ of their cai)acity, while 70",, will Ix- available for

In the following- table there is g-iven a summary statement

1 3 5 6 7

Online LibraryKarl HudeczekThe economic resources of Austria → online text (page 3 of 7)