Karl Sittl.

The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign India ... online

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This suit excited great interest in the
settlement.



WAKT or ▲ COUET OF JUDICATUas.

We have already remarked in a former
number, on the great and serious iocoove.
nience which tha mercantila community of
this settlement experience at preeent from
the want of a court 6f justice. The Euro*
pean merchants, owing to the peculiar con*
stitution of the trade of tha settlement,
are obliged to dispose of their goods t^
natives ; and not a few of these, we ava
sorry to say, being well aware that no au«
thority exisU here which can compel them
to pay their debts if exceeding the sura
of tbirty-two dollars (which nuiy ho re*
covered in the Court of Request), actually
set their creditors at defiance, and laugh at
their threats 1 This very justly destroys
confidence, and causes the merchants to
reftain from dealing so largely as they
otherwise could do, with siUety, were #
court in existence to protect them from
loss. Such a state of thinip cannot last
long, and, we trust, shall not. It i%
however, not likely to be remedied, if the
report which has reached us be true, and
which, we hear, is founded on good autho-
rity, that the Court of Directors have it
in contemplation to abolish the King's
Court in the eastern settlements, and esta-
blish a courtof thahr own, to be assisted by
a lawyer, which will constitute it a hfd/r
aiUah, and half we know not what.

The importance of these settlements, in
a commercial point of view, may be judged
of by the feet that the annual imports, ac-
-cordins to official statements, amount to
upwards of five millions sterling ; and the
immense quantity of British property aK
ways in the market, ought certainly to
render the consideration of tlia bestmeana
of proeidiog for theadniiusttatioa of ju*.



8S

tice a moM Mrious 6fie* In » co m ro«rci»l
tfettleoieDt like this, whert Um mtcrferenc^
of a court of judicature it required almost
daily* where many law caaet arise ia which
property to a considerable amount is in-
Tolled, where so many important points
are to be decided, and where society is so
very discordant, owing to the Tariety in
Ae languages and habits of the population,
we require a court much more efihctiTe thao
any court constituted after the manner of
a sillah court possibly can be. We hare
frequently had occasion to animadvert on
the inadequacy of the charter still in exis-
tence, and have often expressed a hope, tliat
if erer our rulers in England should again
be called upon to l^skte for us in this
respect, they would take the trouble to in-
Ibrm themselTcs of all the local circum-
stances connected with these settlements,
and prorideA court that would meet all
our exigencies. It may be questioned,
however, whether the charter, with its
manifold imperfections, and we may add
absurdities, was not better calculated for
the proper and impartial administration of
justice than the description of court which
report says is to be imposed upon us.
Many indiriduals in these settlements must
have obaerred, within the last twelve
months especially, thatCompany's servants,
no matter how distinguished they may be
for their impartiality and integrity, can-
not, from the nature of their education,
interests, and habits, be the best qualified
to decide on all cases that must naturally
come l>efore them. Of the truth of this,
we believe, none are more convinced than
some of those who, from tlieir station in
the civil service, have been required by the
charter to fill the awftilly responsible office
of judge. Many must have observed how
necessary it is to have a king's court, per-
fectly independent of the Company, with
a properly qualified law-officer at its head,
who will administer law and justice with
impartiality and unbiaased independence.

If the principle which actuates such a
proposition be that of economy ^a principle
before which all othen of a noiile and ge-
nerous nature seem now to fkde and die
away), we give it as our humble opinion,
that a king's court, with a moderate esta-
blishment, besides being more respectable
and popular* would not be a great burden
to Government, as the court-fees would
go a considerable vray towards its support.
-— ;Slng. Ckron,, Sqit. 10.



SOKOPKAK MAMUrACTUan.

The importations of British piece-goods
during the last month have been very con-
siderable, which, togrther with the heavy
stocks formerly on hsnd, have completely
glutted the market. The imports, indeec^
of nearly every description of Britidi oot.
ton goods, for the last eighteen months,



iifMtftc IntetBgenoe.^Singapihre.



{F£t.



have been lar loo graaT for the deosand ;
and unless a very material decrease takes
place, prices must continue to decline on
every fnA arrival. Should we have no'
ftirthcr arrivals for the next twelve months, -
we do not think any want of goods would
be experienced (except, probably, of on«
or two articles most regularly in demand),
as the stocks are so heavy, and there being
no immediate prospect of an increase in
the consumption. Several sales of white
and printed goods have been made within
the last month at prices apparmUly as good
M have been obtained for the same descrip-
tions for some time past, but as neariy all
sales of piece-goods are effected at a credit
of three or four months, for payment in
produce, prices must of course be regu-
lated altogether by the mode of payment ;
and as tha« are such a variety of qualitias
of the same kind of goods, any quotations
we could give would be little or no guide
to the manufacturer, unless we could, at
the same time, state the cost, or nearly so« of
eacharticle laid down here. Two and a half
Spanish dollars per piece for | cambrics, for
instance, may be a very good or a very, bad
price (even supposing the produce that may
be received in payment to net only Ss. 9d.
or 3s. the dollar in England), as cambfics
may be laid down here to cost the manu-
facturer ftom 4s. to 90s. per piece, of so
many dififerent qualities are thiey made.—
&ng* Gmm, Beg^ Aug. 14.



riRACT.

Since our last publication, another na-
tive vessel has been cut off by pirates in
these straita; the whole, crew were mur-
dered vrith the exception of one individual,
who arrived in this settlement a few days
ago. It is reported that the SUbra sloop
of war has gone to cruise off the .Gari-
mons, in hopes of meeting with the pira-
tical vessels.

. To such persons as are acquainted with
the haunts and habita of these punning
desperadoes, sending forth a, man-of-war
to cruise for them on the open seas must
appear a rich force.

. Jf the British Government wish to effect
any permanent good, they must establish,
and keep up, a small naval force, as at
Rhio, consisting of at least six fost-sailing
prows, rigged Malay fashion, well arme(^
and manned with men of approved cfaarac
tars. (The war prows at Rhio are all
manned by Malacca men ; and the naoo-
dahs are paid sixty Java rupees a month
ea^.) Were thne prows to cmiae oon-
tinually about the straits, and to the south-
ward, as far as Lingin, in coojunctioo
with the Dutch provirs, we feel confident,
that in the course of one year the native
trade of this port would increase mate-



liSL]

retomed from her oniiie, briogiDg In^tir
jowpofu laden with Jhik, on their wagr
from Muar river to Singapore ; as tlie nen
had no paseea thcj were detained, bat die*
initecd on arrind liere^ as being peaceable
■objects. We conceive I be principle on
which Capt. Pridham acted to be a correel
one ; but the question is, how small entk,
coming from native ports, are to obtahi
passes if the neighbouring nijahs will not
condescend to give them.— ASti^. Cilron.,
Atig. 12.



mBDUcnovs.
The «<reduction '* of the form of the
Btraits* government from a presidency to ^
compound residencjyhas been accompanied
by curtailments of salaries in some of the
various public offices throughout the three
settlements, and by many dismissals in
others. This, we must say, bears very
hard upon those who are and were in em*
ployment; we speak particularly of this
aettlement, where, in the resident's and
treasury offices alone eight writers were
employed, at salaries which collectively
amounted to 1,000 sicca rupees and more
per month, whereas now only one clerk is
retained to do the reduced business of both
offices, at a salary of 150 rupees per
month. This is included in the sum of
400 rupees allowed monthly for all deriU
employed, as well in the above as the re-
gistnur's office, the master-attendant's, and

Ciet^ffice. The clerics employed in the
nd department, police office, and Court
of Requests, are in future to be |>aid out
of the proceeds of the revenue accruing to
them severally.— XMtf.

I4«UT. BOLMAir.

AoMig the arrivals of passengers will
bo lound that of the celebrated blind tni*
Teller, lieut. Holman, E N., who is oq
hia mmy to the celestial empire. This en*
lerpriainf and indefatigable gentleman^
thciagh labouring oader a loss of sight^
hat travelled through various countries,
and furnished the literary world with an
instructive and amniing volume of has
tntrali.



MVtDSft Sr «U tkAJA or VUM^AVV.

An industrious Chineee, named Lea
C^ing, settled at Tringanu ; but in the
habit (^coming occasionally to Singapore
to trade, having formed a predilection for
this place, had made up his mind to reu
move with his family and effects from
Tringanu. The rajah of the place having
been informed of his intention, sent for
him $ and on Lee Chins's denying such
intention, the ra}ah told him, that to give
a decisive proof to that effect he must cut
oiThis tail, and become Mahometan. This

.^liMrf Jbur.N. IS. yoL.4. No. 14.



Lea Gbing reftiaed to do. lHan^then.
findinc that be was possessed of specie and
valuaUes to the amount of 4,000 dpllan^
peremptorily told Lee Ching, that unlev
he beeama Mahomedan immedialely, ho
w«uld have him kUled, and seise hu e£i
IIkIs. Lee Ching still refusing, he waa
mufdared on the spot, as wdl aa bis mo»
ther and two childinen, his wife and wifs'a
sister; and all the effhcu Ibund in the
booee were carried awayd i Sing * Ckromp

Seforal Chineee tradeva in tfiia satdo^
Ment, it appears^ re p tase ute d tha case to
the Resident, requiting his interferanosi
aa Lee Ching owed them aoms at money^
vrhich they hud now no hopea of getting*
In the Ckromck of July S9, we observe
the following statement, wUeb observea
that their soggeetlon was acted on :—

« On the 17th the H. C. cotto- £m««
raid, returned from 2>^gofiti, but brings a
vary unfavourable account of the negocia.
tion with the r^. The letter of our
Resident to him touched both upon the
restoration of Lee Ching's property to hia
lawful creditors (the commissioners sent),
and the massacre of the crew of the Chu-
liah boat, in which we learn the rajah
himself has had some share. Havmg
waited in vain for some time^ the cut-
ter returned without an answer. The ra«
jab, however, thought better of it afteiv
wards, and despatched a letter with a pre^
aent in one of his own boeta : in this letter
he defends his conduct with recard to Lee
Ching, by stating that he was his subject
and about to leave bis territories in his
debt to the amount of Spanish dollars
18,000, for which he had him eiecuted,
and his p r o pe r ty coniscated. With ra>
prd to cutting off tiie crew of the Cho.
liah*s boat, an answer equally false and
evasive whs returned. Tlie consequence
was, several consultations have been held
between our Resident and Captain Frid*
ham. The Emerttldf two dajrs ago^ wat
despatched, on a secret expedition ; many
believe to IMnganu again, to join the
Zebm, which has proceeded tUther flrona
Rhio.?'

A fbrther account is as fbllows:—

We learn that the second letter ffrom on^
depu^.resident, despatched by tha Sma*
hUd to the rajah of IVinganu, met with
more respect and deference than the former
cme, and the niiah, as requested, has given
up Lee Ching^ft wife and two children.
His wife's sister and his mother>in.]aw
still remain. The rajah still persists in tha
justness of his action, on the ground that
Lee Ching was deeply indebted to him $
but through fear, we believe^ he is wiU
Ung to share the p ro p e rly he ^sed with
the other creditors. He denies all partid.
potion either in the massacre or plunder of
the crew of the ChuKah boat, and sayt the
perpetrators have nccl Ms kingdan !

(M)



9e



jJfMiic /iiM^Mitfr.— CSIbte.



CF«-



. We Iftrn the khfg ef 8i«n it tbont to
make wer upon him on acooimt of nume-
ront piracies committed by the Tringana
prows on Sismese Teasels, and his detain-
ing a number of captured Siamese as
slaves. The rajab, in eipectation of an
attack, has mounted an extra number of

Sns on his battery, and raised an armed
ce.

Hm country, from being once culti.
vatcd and flourishing, bow wears a deso-
late and neglected appearance, caused by
the withering hand of tyranny and oppres-
sion* A duty of 2^ doUara is levied on
erery picul of pepper exported, and other
taxes equally vexatious and ruinous ara
levied. The consequence is, the inhabi-
tants are obliged by necessity to seek a
Uvelibood eitlwr by lawful or unlawful
means; to which latter they are roost in-
clined both from example and habit.

We are afraid this description suits
many neighbouring native states besides
Tringanu. — Sing, Chron., Aug. 26,



Cfiinau



So requisite is it to keep a most vigilant
eye over the proceedings of the Chinese,
and to check every attempt at aggression,
that notwithstanding the most positive di-
tections of his Excellency the Viceroy, pro-
mulgated by a public edict last year, stat-
ing, that the feea before exacted by the
fioppo, for the licensing of compradora to
Attend foreign ships, should in future be
diminished ; we now 6nd, on the appear-
ance of the country ships of this season,
the linguists and compradon in combina.
tioo, boldly demanding a considerable in-
crease of the allowance formerly made by
the consignees of ships to the linguists for
pftMuring compradora. They now adi-
fnnce their pretensions to 450 dollars,
srherMB formerly the sum was 900 dollar^
using a policy, we presume, of commenc-
ing with exorbitancy, which may admit of
a compromise, and end in the confirma.
tion of the previous ratea. This has hi-
therto been resisted by the consignees of
the two ships now at Wbampoa, they pro-
mising however to pay whatever may be
Axed upon hereafter; as a tacit complL
ance would not onry be an injustice to the
interest of their constituents, but would be
•vindng a bad compliment to the autho-
rities who had taken tlie pains to modify
a system, which has so lately been com-
plained of by the foreign merchants. —
Canton Beg,, Maif 15.
• The linguists who manage foreign com-
merce have formed a combination to
oblige each foreign ship to pay six bun-
^Ired dollan ; but it is said the senior
Hong .merchant has set hit face against il^



Md threatened to name the kidar to the
governor if the foreignen should make
any opposition to it^—TUd., Jufy 17.

The port dues now established are, on
ships of the firat class, Taels 7. 8. 7. 4. 75^
second. Tales 7. 2. 3. 1. 910; third*
Tales 5. 0. 6. 2. 330 ; which is an increase
on the former rates; but the present,
which continues to be the same amount on
ships of every size, is reduced to Taels
1600. 6. 8. 3.— iifricL



TBI MKAOO-TSIK.

Some of the mountaineers called Meaou-
tsze, from the province of Kwei-chow,
have been seen in Canton. They came
down the western river in small boats, not
larger than a London waterman's wherry^
with oil for sale, and wishing to carry
back to their native bills beteUnut, opium,
&c. They had acquired the Mandarin
tongue, as an uneducated Higblandman
or Welshman learns English. From them
it was ascertained, that tlieir native tongue
is entirely different from Chinese ; that it
is an unwritten language, and conseu
quently they have no books ; nor have they
any temples, or pri«>sts, or set forms of re-
ligion, or visible objects of worship. The
only religious service they would acknow*
ledge was a new year's ceremony, which
they had learned from the Chinese. Poly-
gamy is confined to a few rich men among
them. These men had not shaved their
heads in the Tartar. Chinese manner, but
braided up their hair on the top of the
bead, somewhat in the manner of Chineso
women; which circumstance the poor
Chinese seized hold of to distinguish them
from their fellow.countrymen, whose dres|,
in other respects, tlie mountaineera had as-
sumed, on quitting their native bills.
They bad been about a month in coming
down to Canton. It was remarked of
them, by some Chinese, that the^ were a
race of people who would not submit to
the reigning dynasty. These people vrens
taken to visit some European ladies and
gentlemen, who made them presents of
bandkerchieft, wines, &c.— Cbnlow' Reg,^
Ma^lS.

vntSTKEir TAKTAKT WlfT f TSARS AQO.

By a Chinese, who travelled in those re-
gions, and who writes from much that he
saw, and some things that he heard.

First, the Ha-sa.kih, a large country on
the north-west of Ele, the ancient Tae-
yuen. During the 21st year of the Em-
peror Kien-lung (A. D. 1756), his ma.
jesty*s forces entered the nests and dens of
these people ; and their khan, whose name
was Opoolai, submitted, in the presence
of bis imperial msjesty, to the royal influ*
ence of Chinese renovation. He was
created a prince ; but his people and tern-
tory all reverted to the Empire of- Chine,



In dils covintry there ere no ddei nor
bouses ; tents ere considered houses. They
do not cttltiTate the five sorts of grsin ;
but are scattered abroad attending their
herds and flocks. The earth is covered
with grass, which has a green blade and a
white root, and grows to the height of five
or six inches. The herds and floNcks fatten
upon it with ease.

The chiefs of. these people are called Pe
(Bey ?). They all call each other by their
names. Their king at present is Opoolai
Pe. The country is extensive, and very
populous. Rich men reckon their cattle
and horses by tens of thousands. The
sheep are innumerable.

Several men have among them but one
wife, with whom they cohabit by turns.
When a son is sixteen years of age, they
give him some cattle, and let him after-
wards provide for himself.

At (their feasts they eat the flesh of ca-
mels, horses, cows, and sheep. Of mare's
milk they make wine. Their eating uten.
sils are ill of woo.l. The rich have copper
and tin. Their elegance of dress consists
in the quantity. Even in summer, when
the weather is hot, they do not approach a
feast without putting on over each other
eight or nine garments. They are very
fond of Chinese earthen-ware, tea, vari-
gated cloths, silks, &c When they set
them, they regard them as the most valu-
able gems.

They have no penal code of laws ; nor
do they much respect the onlers of the
king. When any man commiu a crime,
they hold a general council. If the crime
be small they fine him a certain number of
cattle: if the crime committed be a great
one, they all join to kill him, and divide
his property among them. In such cases
they do not deem it necessary to inform
the king. Even when going to war,
the king assembles with all the people,
end those who do not like to go are not
forced.

Of cattle and horses they give as a tri.
bute to China one of everv hundred, end
of sheep one of a thousand. The gover-
nor-general of Ele sends officers to levy
them. Tlie king and chiefs collect them
from tlie people. At first there was a
great deal of trouble in procuring them.
The people said, *' Heaven give us water
and grass, and make our cattle breed;
while we take care of them ourselves, why
should we pay tribute?" The king how-
ever persuadcNl them, and at last they gave
the tribute with reluctance ; but now they
pay it cheerfully. There are two tribei
of the Ha-sa-kih : the more northern have
no intercourse with China.*— CbTUon Beg-f
July 'J.

MHCBLLANSOI78.
European &amfn.— A few days ago,
two seamen were escorted into Canton



9J

under elwiy ^ * Bfaadarin, and m pmtf
of police^ having been discovered, as we
understand, at Ting.tam-theing, near
Fock-chow-fou, a little to the northward
of Formosa, and conveyed from thence,
chiefly by land, to the authorities here, and
are now residing in the Consoo House,
under the care of the Cohong. Th^
state having sailed from Bristol in April
18S9, in the Lucy, Captain Waters, with
a quantity of dollars, and a small assort-
ment of manufactured goods and hard*
ware. Touched at filew York, but do
not recollect the length of the passage;
afterwards rounded Cape Horn, and
touched on the Coast of Peru ; but are
ignorant of the names of places, and only
recollect bartering hardware, flour, and
rum, for skins, at tliree different pUces^
or islands, all designated by the name oC
the Black Bock. After this, they re.
mained totally unacquainted with their
destination, till they were wrecked off one
of the Japan Isles; most of the .ct9W
supposed to have been instantly lost, and
they ultimatelv, they conclude, the only
survivors, as six of their companions, who
reached the shore with them, afterwards
died of hunger ; the cepuin, they think,
was lost in his gig, as they saw the oart
floating past them. They ware on shore
eleven days, and then taken away by e
vessel under American colours ; but bavr
ing> by their own confession, behaved in |i
very refractory nuinner, were put on shore
on an island off the coast of China.

To the interrogations that have been
made, the^ answer so vaguely, and profess
to be so little acquainted with the common
operations and pursuits of the vessel, in
which they originally, sailed, as to leave
the public tmder very unfavourable Im-
pressions.

Several seamen, either British or Ame-
rican, have, at different times in the course
of the past season, reached Canton under
similar drcumsUnces, and the most of
them have been sent to England in some
of the Company's ships. — Canton Beg*,
June 1.

The two seamen who were in confine-
ment in the Consoo House, were yester-
day sent to Macao, under a very strong
Chinese escort, to be there intern^ted \^
the British authorities, in consequence of
some late disclosures, which cast strong
suspicions on tlieir character, and former
pursuits of life.— /6{tf., June 15.

The iToi^.— The elder Chupqua has
gi^en security for tlie payment of the du-
ties due by his brothere; and it is m-
moured that he is making arrangements
for the earlv liquidation of the European
claims; and that he means personally to
superintend thesffkinof the Hong. — Ibid,

The Imperial Howitf.— The commander-
in-chief at Mougden has written to tbo
Emperor to inform him, that there ere n|K



99



AntHi TnftUig^nUif. ' jfiwrfnitoiiii



[n^



wmcdt ttf dint huiidrtd pttions «hcf« r».
ktei to Um Imperial Hom^i and wlcboM
eBiploymeiiU He requests that Ihcy iney
be allowed k> stand candidates for writer-
ibips IB the public Courts.— iiKd.

Formo t a, —Success againM the insur-
gents is jeported to Court, and rewarda
are oonferred on the officers.— /&id.



The Jmrfud de$ Ddmtt colilains tb«
foUowfing news, which is said to bare occa*
Slotted considerable embcurassment in the
Russian cabinet:—

' *' Persia is at this moment a prey to a
tetrible civil war. The eldest son of the
Shah has raised the standard of rebellion,
and marched against his father. Prince
Abbas Miria hastened to the succour of
Ms ftither, and is fighting against his bro.
Iber. A great part of the army is orga-
nised and trained upon the European
principle. The inhabitants of the Cauca-
kus, habitually impatient of the ydte of
Rinsia, have also risen in insurrection in
«ome pans near the Black and Caspian
Aeas. A detachment of the Russian army
IMS been attacked on tbe road to Tiflis,
where it lost two pieces of cannon. Mar-
■hal Pisachewitch EriTanskt has order»>to
employ a considerable force in order to
'•ubdue and puniih the rebels.'*



NEW SOUTH WALE&

LAW.

Supreme Court, June 23. — HarHn v.
MawMd, This was an action, brought
by Mr. Robert Montgomery Martin, of
Calcutta, against tlie Rct. — Manvfield,
cditok* and publisher of the Sydney Go-
%ette, for a libel on the plaintlflT, iA that
paper of the 28th NoTember 1829, in the
following terms ;



BgnOdt imo which he eopte theilsniiwrmM.dlhfc
sbv of Mr. iron(«or. He has bett rtngliig^e
cfaaagestai the sflUrofSuddssiid Thomsoa: bat



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