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Kenneth A Countryman.

Operations deep freeze 63 and 64. Summer oceanographic features of the Ross Sea online

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Security Classification



DOCUMENT CONTROL DATA - R&D

ot title, body of abstract and indexing annotation must be entered when the



26 GROUP



1. ORIGINATING ACTIVITY (Corporate author)

U. S. Naval Oceanographic Office
Oceanographic Surveys Department
Ocean Surveys Division

3- REPORT TITLE

OPERATIONS DEEP FREEZE 63 AND 64, SUMMER OCEANOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF THE ROSS SEA



. REPORT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

Unclassified



4. DESCRIPTIVE NOTES (Type of report and inclusive dates)

Final February 1963 - March 1964



5- AUTHORS (Last name, first name, initial)

Ocean Surveys Division: Countryman, Kenneth A.

Gsell, William L.



6- REPO RT DATE

June 1966



8a. CONTRACT OR GRANT NO.

GA-153

b. PROJECT NO. 7T_T_

01
GE

AMC



7a. TOTAL NO. OF PAGES

193



7b. NO. OF REFS



9a. ORIGINATOR'S REPORT NUMBERfSj

TR-190



9b. OTHER REPORT N O(S) (A ny other numbers that may be assigned
this report)

None



10. AVAILABILITY/LIMITATION NOTICES

Qualified requesters may obtain copies of this report from DCD,



11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES



12. SPONSORING MILITARY ACTIVITY

National Science Foundation

1800 G St., N. W. , Wash. D. C. , 20550



13. ABSTRACT



Results of oceanographic research during the U.S. Navy operations in support



3f DEEP FREEZE 63 and 64, 1962-63 and 1963-64, are presented. Oceanographic observa-
tions were conducted aboard USS EDIST0 (AGB-2) during DEEP FREEZE 63 and USS ATKA
(AGB-3) during DEEP FREEZE 64. Emphasis was focused on the distribution of water
masses in the Ross Sea and the identifying physical characteristics of each type.

NAV0CEAN0 personnel obtained data at 122 stations during DF-63 and at 79 stas.
during DF-64. Included in these totals are 23 annual ice forecasting stations which
were reoccupied both years along the Victoria Land coast and in McMurdo Sound to deter-
mine sea ice potential by the heat budget reversal. The stations occupied on DF-63
were in the western half of the Ross Sea and most of those occupied on DF-64 were in
the eastern half.

Station data include vertical distribution of observed temperatures, salinities,
dissolved oxygens, and phosphate-phosphorus and machine computed densities, specific
volume anomalies, dynamic height anomalies, and sound velocities. Selected cross-
section profiles of observed physical and chemical properties are presented to illus-
trate the water masses in the Ross Sea.

Water types are defined and discussed. From the data presented, it is evident
that warmer water from oceanic depths moves in over the continental shelf and is forcfed
to the surface causing the central Ross Sea to become ice free earlier than surround-
ing areas. Additionally, there is evidence of the formation of colder, more dense,
Shelf Water during the austral winter which acts as a barrier to this warmer water
intrusion into the south-southwestern extremities of the sea.



DD



1 JAN 64



1473



Security Classification



KEY WORDS



ROLE WT



ROLE WT



ROLE WT



Antarctic - oceanography

Antarctic - water masses

USS EDISTO - DEEP FREEZE 63 oceanographic cruise

USS ATKA - DEEP FREEZE 6^ oceanographic cruise



(i)



(2)



(3)



(4)



(5)



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Online LibraryKenneth A CountrymanOperations deep freeze 63 and 64. Summer oceanographic features of the Ross Sea → online text (page 28 of 29)