Copyright
Kew Royal Botanic Gardens.

Kew bulletin online

. (page 18 of 69)
Online LibraryKew Royal Botanic GardensKew bulletin → online text (page 18 of 69)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Styles densely clothed with white, silky hairs.

Western Szechuan. Yalung Valley, at about 3000 m. in dry
stony places, rare, Wilsony 3050.

A very remarkable species w^th foliage very like that of
Achillea Millefolium^ only smaller. — E. H. W.

Magnoliaceae.

Hichelia sinensis, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils. ; affinis M. ohovatae^
ab ea foliis oblanceolatis, stipulis quam petiolis duplo triplove
longloribus, bracteis floralibus hirsutis, petalis paucioribus et
carpellis breviter rostratis diflfert. — ^W. B. H.

A hard-wooded tree, 6-15 m. high ; bark pale grey. Leaves
obovate-oblong or oblanceolate, narrowed into a short petiole,
10-15 cm. long, 5 cm. broad at greatest width, abruptly obtusely
acuminate, strongly reticulate, glaucous beneath, at length quite
glabrous, midrib somewhat tuberculate ; petioles rather under
1*5 cm, long. Stipules caducous, narrowly oblong, acuminate,



Digitized by



Google



190

three time8 the length of petiole. Flowers solitary, axillary,
shortly pedunculate, 5-7-5 cm. across, ivory-white, strongly aro-
matic ; peduncles stout, 8 mm. long, annular, pubescent ; bracts
covered with brown hairs. Sepals and petals 10, spathulate to
linear-oblong, rounded or acute. Stamens very caducous, 1'2 cm.
long ; filaments shorter than the anthers ; anthers mucronate.
Carpels when young minutely glandular-pubescent ; stigmas red.
Fruits 15-20 cm. long ; carpels woody, subsessile, obovoid,
lenticellate, shortly beaked.

Western Szeghuan. Mt. Omi and mountains to the west-
ward, at about 1000 m., Wilson, 3136, 4720.

A handsome evergreen tree with conspicuous flowers. Rare*
and only met with in woods and forests of Western Szechuan. —
E. H. W.

Schizandra pnbescens, Hemsl. et E. H. WiU. ; ab omnibus
speciebus hucusque cognitis pilis plano-compressis crispis flaccidis
unicellularibus recedit, ceterum S. glaucescenti proxima, a qua
foliis majoribus non glaucescentibus, venis primariis subtus
prominentibus, sepalis petalisque orbicularibus extimis pubes-
centibus et filamentis latissimis differt. — ^W. B. H.

Stems angular, purple, glabrescent. Leaves papyraceous, ovate
or suborbicular, including the petioles 9-12 cm. long, 4-6 cm.
broad, rounded or cuneate at base, acutely acuminate, remotely
toothed, ultimate veins terminating in minute callous teeth,
glabrous above, below, as well as the petiole, clothed with short,
flattened curled appressed hairs ; primary veins prominent
below. Flowers white, 2 cm. across, solitary, axillary ; peduncles
very slender, 4 cm. long. Sepals and petals 9, broadly obovate
to orbicular. Stamens about 15, closely imbricated; filaments
fleshy, oblong or almost square ; anther-cells widely separated.
Pistil of numerous carpels winged on the ventral line ; styles short,
simple, deciduous. Fruit-carpels subsessile, 1- or 2-seeded, 5-6*5
cm. long, orange-coloured, pendulous ; axis fleshy, cylindrical.

HUPEH. Changyang, Wilson, 2234 ; Patung, Henry, 1785 ;
Chienshih, Henry, 5907.

This species is not uncommon on the margins of woods and
shrubberies in South- Western Hupeh, at elevations between 1200
and 2200 m. The attractive yellow flowers are succeeded by the
still more conspicuous orange-red fruits. — E. H. W.



Menispbrmacbab,

Cocculus heterophyllus, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils. (nomen novum).
Cocculus (?) diversifolius, Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat.,
vol. iii., p. 10 ; Prol. Fl. Jap., p. 198, non DC.

HUPBH. Nanto and mountains to the northward, Henry,
2014, 2590 ; Ichang and immediate neighbourhood, Henry, 4105 ;
Nanto and other localities, Wilson, 1203, 1203a, 1483, 1483a, 2267,
2675.

SzBOHUAN. Mt. Omi, Wilson, 4718,

A4so in Japan,



Digitized by



Google



151

Some of the epecimens are very Bimilar in foliage to PericanV'
pylus incanuSy Miers, but easily distinguished by the elongated
inflorescence usually exceeding the leaves. Of the numerous
specimens examined none bears female flowers. — W. B. H.



Berberidagbab.

Berberis Wilsonae, Hemsh ; species adspectu B, Thunhergii
similis, differt spinis infra foliorum fasciculos 3, foliis crassissimis
eximie reticulatis Acres excedentibus et floribus numerosis
minoribns in racemos congestos dispositis. — ^W. B. H.

A deciduous semi-prostrate shrub, 1 to 2 m. high. Sterna
angular, reddish-brown, puberulous. Leaves fascicled, coria-
ceous, subsessile, cuneately-obovate or linear -oblong, 2-2*5 cm.
long, entire, revolute, rounded or slightly truncate and emar-
ginate, mucronate or^ obtusely acute, tapering into a very
short }>etiole, glabrous, glaucescent below, strongly reticulated
on both surfaces. Stipular spines always 3, acicular, rather
under 1*5 cm. long. Flowers bright yellow, in sessile umbels or
shortly stalked corymbs, bracteate ; bracts small, scale-like, con-
cave, shortly acuminate ; pedicels erect, 4-6 mm. long. Sepals 6,
obovate-orbicular, 2-3 mm. long, outer whorl half size of inner
and reddish ; veins prominent. Petals 6, obovate, rather smaller
than the sepals, rounded, obtuse. Stamens shorter than the
petals. Stigma shortly stipitate. Fruit globose, salmon-red,
1-4-seeded.

Western Szechuan. Scrub-clad mountain-sides, 900-1800 m.,
Wilson^ 3154, 3147. Henry's 4675 from Patung, Hupeh, is probably
this species.

Remarkable amongst the Chinese species of Berberis for the
brilliancy of its autumnal tints. — E. H. W.

Berberis verruculoBa, HemsL et E, H. Wils. ; inter species foliis
simplicibus munitas B, pruinosae proxima, a qua cortice verru-
culoso, floribus majoribus solitariis vel binis, sepalis petalisque
camosis venosis et filamentis crassis clavatis facile distinguitur. —
W. B. H.

An evergreen shrub, about 1 m. high. Stems yellowish, scabrid,
densely covered with short thick, rigid hairs. Leaves in fascicles,
coriaceous, subsessile, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, l'5-2'5 cm. long,
about 1 cm. broad, sharply acute, base narrowed to the very short
petiole, remotely toothed, teeth sharp, spinescent, shining above,
glaucescent below. Stipular spines always 3, acicular, 1-2 cm.
long. Flowers solitary or in pairs, yellow, over 1 cm. across;
pedicels erect, 4-10 mm. long, surrounded at base with a cluster
of reddish scale-like bracts. Sepals and petaU concave, broadly
obovate to orbicular, rounded, entire, base shortly clawed, promin-
ently nerved. Stamens 6 ; filaments stout, 2 mm. long ; anther-
cells short, widely separated. Fruit violet-purple, oval, crowned
with the sessile stigma. — E. H. W.

Western Szechuan. Mountains around Tatieu lu^ in shrub-
l^eries^ Wilson^ 3150^ 3150a,



Digitized by



Google



102

Berberif (I Mahonia) Vettehiomm, Hemd. et E. H. Wils. ; a
B. nepalenai et B. euryhracteata foliolis moltidentatis a baa
pinnativenofiig, racemis denfidoribuB breyioribosqae bracteolis
angoBte lanoeolatis longe acominatiB flores exoedentibus difEert. —
W. B. H.

An erect shmb, aboat 1 m. high, glabrous in all parts. Leaves
coriaceous, 15-30 cm. long, shining above, yellowish below,
3-6-jugate ; leaflets sessile, oblong, 5-10 cm. long, 4-4"5 cm. wide,
acuminate, mucronate, base oblique, entire, regularly spinescent-
dentate ; lowest pair of leaflets small, terminal l^iflet largest,
oblong-ovate, base rounded ; veins pinnate and reticulate ; petioles
very short, sheathing; rhachis angular, swollen at the point of
insertion of leaflets. Inflorescence racemose, terminal ; racemes
about 8, in a cluster, ascending, 5-12 cm. long, bracteate at the
base ; bracts oblong, acute, 1-2 cm. long, fibrous, persistent.
Flowers yellow, about 1 cm. across, densely crowded on the
racemes, bracteate ; bracts subulate, acuminate, 8-12 mm. long,
overlapping the flowers, membraneous^ persistent; pedicels
2-3 mm. long, naked, erect. Sepals 6, outer 3 oblong, shorter
than the inner ; inner oblong-ovate, obtuse, 6 mm. long, promin-
ently veined. Petals similar to inner sepals, but smaller. Stamens
4 mm. long ; anther-cells short ; filaments flattened. Fruit bluish-
bla«:;k, ovoid, 6-8 mm. long, crowned with the small, sub-sessile
stigma.

Western Szbchuan. Cliflfe 600-1800 m., Wilson, 3142. Mt
Omi, Wilsony 4725 ; Henry, 8993.

A rare and very remarkable species, known only from the
neighbourhood of Mt. Omi. Its relatively large flowers and very
long floral bracts give it a very distinct appearance. — ^E. H. W.

Podophyllam Veitchii, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils.; species foliis
binis subcentriee peltatis saepius 8-lobatis, lobis acute trilobatis
remote denticulatis, floribus inter folia opposita terminalibus et
sepalis quam petalis paullo longioribus distinguitm*. — ^W. 6. H.

Stems erect, 12 to 20 cm. high, round, glabrous. Oauline leaves
2, opposite, papery, nearly centrically peltate, orbicular, about
20 cm. across, usually 6-8-lobed above the middle ; lobes cuneate-
oblong, often trifid at apex, sinus rounded or acute, irregularly
coarsely toothed, ciliolate, slightly hairy below, upper surface
glabrous, blotched with brownish-red. Flowers 3i-6 in sessile
terminal umbels ; peduncles pendulous, 1*5-2 cm. long, pubes*
cent. Sepals 6, membranous, 2 cm. long, caducous, oblong-
obovate, rounded or subacute, outer whorl narrower and
pubescent outside. Petals 6, purple, rather shorter than sepals,
elliptic, rounded at apex. Stamens 6, slightly longer than petals ;
filaments very short and broad ; connective fleshy, apiculate.
Pistil half the length of stamens ; ovary ellipsoid ; style short,
thick ; stigma large, fringed. Fruit unknown. — E. H. W.

Western Szbchuan. In woods and forests, 2500 m., Wilson,
3170.

Podophyllam diffbrme, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils, : species e grege
floribus extra-axillaribus distincta, fere undique glabra, foliis
tenuiesimie circumscriptione variabiUbus excentrice peltatis, nunc



Digitized by



Google



153

semiorbicularibus apice vere truncatis, nunc varie lobatis asym-
metricis inaeqailateralibasqne, lobis acutis remote calloso-denti-
colatis, floribud parvis, petalis tenuissimis disoretis lignlatiB
obtusis.— W. B. H.

Rhizome slender. Steyn 15-20 cm. high, glabrous. Cauline
leaves usually two, alternate, rarely three with uppermost oppo-
site, subequal, excentrically peltate, 5-11 cm. long, 7-15 cm. wide,
papyraceous, glabrous, broadly truncate or occasionally more or
less lobed, base more or less rounded, sparsely toothed, teeth
mucronate, petioles subequal, 2*5-11 cm. long, glabrous. Flowers
3-5 in. pendulous, sessile umbels, extra-axillary, except when
three cauline leaves occur ; peduncles rather under 2 cm. long,
recurved, pilose. Petals 6, salmon-pink, linear-oblong, about
1-5 cm. long, rounded. Stamens 6, half the length of petals,
incurved, long apiculate ; filaments half length of stamens. Fruit
small, globose.

HuPBH. Woods at elevations between 1200 and 1800 m.,
Wilson, 966.

This delicate and rare species is the '^ Hsao Pa-chiao-lien " of the
Chinese. The rhizome is highly valued as a drug.

From the description of P. Ddavayij Franchet (Bull, du Mus.
d'Hist. Nat., 1895, p. 63), we suspect that it is very near this, as
our plant has sometimes only one ftdly-developed flower ; but the
leaves of our plant are always excentrically peltate and the petals
are rounded, characters opposed to Franchet's description. —
E. H. W.

Cbugifbrab.

Oardamine (§ Eucardamine) Prattii, Hemsl et E. H. Wils. ;
species ex afBnitate C Oriffithii et C. multijtcgiy aquibus differt
parvitate, foliis longe petiolatis, foliolo terminali 3-5-lobato,
lateralibus oblique inaequilateralibus 2- vel 3-lobatis omnibus
distincte petiolulatis, floribus albis majoribus numerosioribus
et siliquis crassioribus. — ^W. B. H.

A creeping herb. Flowering stem ascending, 10-30 cm. high,
rarely branched, usually pubescent. Leaves petiolate, pinnati-
sect, narrowly oblong, 6-7*5 cm. long, rather over 1 cm. wide,
sparsely pubescent ; segments obcuneate, acute, pinnatifid, ter-
minal lobe palmately 3-5 lobed, 6 mm. long and broad, larger than
the others, slightly cordate or truncate at base; petiole J-2'5 cm.
long, base dilated, pubescent. Flowers numerous, racemose, white,
1*5-2 cm. across. Sepals broadly ovate, sparsely pubescent. Petals
spreading, four times the length of sepals. Style long, narrower
than the pods. Pods 2*5-4 cm. long, stout.— E. H. W.

Wbstbrn Szbchuan. Moist alpine meadows at 3300-3700 m.,
around Tatien lu, Wilson, 3199 ; PrcUt, 265, probably from the
same locality.

TBRNS'i'ROBMIAOBAB.

Ch)rdonia sinensis, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils. ; haec species G. ^««t-
antho Americae borealis proxima, differt imprimis foliis majori-
bus acutis grosse serrato-crenatis, floribus minoribus, sepalis extra
glabris et fllamentis e comparatione longioribus fere liberis. —
W. B. H.



26S62

Digitized by



Google



154

Tree aboufc 12 m. high. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, including petiole
12-18 cm. long, 5-6*5 cm. broad, shortly acuminate, base cuneate,
crenate-serrate, coriaceous, dark green above, paler, often brownish,
below ; primary veins 10-14 on each side of mid-rib, very promi-
nent on both surfaces ; petioles stout, rather under 1*5 cm. long.
Flowers erect, solitary, axillary, pedunculate, bracteate, 5-6*5 cm.
across, white ; peduncles stout, angular, 4-4*5 cm. long ; bracts 2,
immediately below calyx, obovate 8 mm. long. Sepals orbicular,
3-5 mm. long, ciliolate, glabrous outside, silky-pubescent inside.
Petals ovate or obovate, 2*5-3 cm. long, about 1*5 cm. broad,
rounded, connate at base, glabrous save at base, which is silky-
pubescent. Stamens adnate to, and about ^ length of petals ;
filaments flattened, subulate ; anthers nearly globular. Ovary
silky-pubescent, 5-lobed ; style shorter than stamens ; stigma
large, capitate.

West Szbchuan. Mt. Omi, rare, WiUoriy 4805.

A strikingly handsome tree only met with on Mt. Omi. It is
very distinct from all other Asiatic species, having a closer affinity
with the American species O, Lasianthus^ L. — E. H. W.

IGACINACBAE.

Hosiea, Hemsl, et E, H, Wils. ; genus novum Icacinacearum ex
affinitate Natsiati, a quo habitu vagante non volubili, inflorescentia
laxe cymosa, floribus polygamls, petalis longe inflexis, nectarii
sq'uamis carnosis rotnndatis, filamentis flliformibus, stylis pro-
ductis, embryone aurantiaco crasso carnoso qaam albumine tenui
vix breviore, cotyledonibus ellipticis et ratlicula brevissima
recedit.

Hosier sinensis, HemsL et E. H. Wilff,, sp. unica Natsiatum

sinense, Oliv. in Hook. ic. PI., t. 1900.

HUPBH. Wihon^ 638 ; Chiensih, Henry ^ 5598& ; South Patung,
Henry, 1U2.

SZBCHUAN. Mt. Omi, Wflson, 4957 ; South Wushan, Henry,
5598, 5598^.

We have contrasted this plant with Natsiatum because it has
been referred to that genps, but in several characters it approaches
more nearly to other genera. Thus, the inflorescence and flowers
are more like those pf Ghariessa, Miq, (Pletiropetalum, Bl.).

Sabiacbab.

Meliosma Eirkii, Hemsl. et E. H, Wils, ; species a M.Amottiana
foliis majoribus, foliolis numerosioribus in eodem folio f<M*ma
va^iabilibus subtus pallidas apieulatis et panicularum ramis
primariis horizontalibus recedit. — W. B. H.

Tree 12 m. high ; young branches reddish, lenticellate, rusty-
puberulous. Leaves pinnately 7-13-foliolate, including petioles
l*/-50 ciii. long ; leaflets subopposite, shortly petiolulate, oblong-
lanceolate, 4-15 cm. long, 1*5-4*5 cm. broad, basal pairs often
shorter and broader, acuminate and mucronate, remotely toothed,
dark green above, glaucescent and pubescent below, primary and



Digitized by



Google



15S

secondary veins prominent on utider side ; teeth mncronate <
petiolules 6-10 mm. long, pubescent* Panicle 25 cm. by 45 cm.,
mnch-branched, terminal and axillary from the upper le^ axils ;
secondary branches of panicle horizontally disposed ; all parts
of panicle covered with short, rusty-grey indumentum. Flowers
very numerous, densely clustered on the branches of panicle,
white, shortly pedicellate ; pedicels pubescent. Sepals 5, unequal,

2 outer the smaller, ovate, rounded, ciliolate, concave. Petals 5,

3 outer subvalvate, orbicular, rounded, concave, fugacious ;
2 inner n^inute, scale-like. Disk cupulate, toothed. Ovary
pubescent ; style longer than stamens ; stigma simple.

Western Szbchuan. At 800 m., Wilson, 2371.

A very handsome low-level tree, not uncommon in the woods
around the base of Mt. Omi and the low mountains to the south-
west. Its large panicles of white flowers make it a conspicuous
object in the woods.

Named in compliment to William Kirk, M.D., of the Chinese
Imperial Maritime Customs — a keen lover of nature and the
collector's companion on many rambles. — E. H. W.

Meliosma Veitchiorain, Hemsl. ; inter species foliis pinnatls
munitas foliorum et panicularum amplitudine distincta, foliis
maximis fere metralibus, foliolis usque ad 20 cm. longis, paniculis
terminalibus ad 40 cm. longis, ramulis insigniter lenticellatis et
floribus albis innumerabilibus.

A tree about l2 m. high, the young parts more or less clothed
with a rusty pubescence. Flowering branches very thick and, as
well as the branches of the panicles themselves, thickly studded
with large lenticels. Leaves imparipinnate, the largest nearly
1 m. Ion?, of which about a quarter is petiole ; leaflets usually
9 or 11, the lower elliptical or almost orbicular, about 6 to 7 cm.
across ; upper ovate oblong, and as much as 20 cm. long ; the
leaves immediately under the panicles are much smaller. Panicles
erect, narrowly pyramidal, much-branched, 40 to 45 cm. long.
Flowers white, exceedingly numerous, about 3'mm. in diameter.
SepcUs oblong, obtuse, about 1*5 mm. long. Petals obcordate,
crested on the inside. — W. B. H.

SZBOHUAN. South Wushan, at 1500 to 2000 m., Wilson, 1046.

Anacardiacbae.

BhoB Wilsonif Hemsl. ; species modo B. semialatae foliorum
rhachi inter f oliola alata, ceterum omnino diversa, foliolis 5-T8-jugi8
sessilibus pubescentibus oblongis vel lanceolato-oblongis rotundatis
apiculatis; etiam E. copallinae, praesertim varietati e Florida
(Curtiss, 5129), similis sed foliis moUiter pubescentibus, alls
latioribus et foliolis paucioribus apice rotundatis differt. —
W. B. H.

Bushy 65 cm. to 1 m. high ; branches pubescent. Leaves
11-17-foliolate, including petiole 12-20 cm. long, 7-10 cm. broad ;
petiole 2-5-4 cm. long ; leaflets subsessile, rarely sessile, lanceolate-
oblong or oblong, 4-6*5 cm.* long, 1*5-2 cm. broad, rounded, apicu- •
late, 1^186 cuneate, dark green above, grey beneath, pubescent on
both surfaces ; rhachis decurrent. Panicles small, 10 cm. long,

36362 B 2



Digitized by



Google



156

dense, terminal and axillary in the npper leaves, thyrsoid ;
peduncles pilose. Flowers 3-5 mm. across, creamy-whifce, pedi-
cellate, bracteate ; pedicels 1-2 mm, long, hairy ; bracts minute,
scale-like. Sepals ovate, rounded, pubescent outside in basal
half. Petals oblong, rather more than twice the length of sepals,
rounded, base narrowed slightly ; upper surface with prominent
nerves, and bearded along the centre of lower iialf. Statnens
rather more than half the length of petals ; anthers large, yellow.
Disk cup-shaped, slightly crenate, glabrous. Styles 3, free,
shorter than stamens, angular ; stigma simple ; ovary pilose. —
E. H. W.

Western China. Tung Valley, 600-900 m., rare, Wilson, 3370.

Leguminosab.

Ormosia Hosiei, HemsL et E, E, Wils, ; inter species sinenses
O. strlatae affinis, differt foliis mlnoribus 5- vel T-foliolatls, foliolis
saepias supra medium latioribus, pedunculis brevioribus pauci-
floris, pedicellis lons^ioribus, et legumine ovali recto compresso
fere piano.— W. B. H.

Tree 9-15 m. high, bark ^rey and smooth. Leaves pinnately
5-7-foliolate, including petioles 12-20 cm. long ; leaflets oblong or
oblong-ovdte, 5-12 cm. long; terminal leaflet ovate and larger,
acuminate, cuneate at base, subcoriaceous. dark green above,
paler and prominently reticulate below, glabrous when mature ;
petiolules 6-8 mm. long, slightly thickened, pubescent, or
glabrescent and somewhat tuberculate. Leaf-huds naked, covered
with a dense brown velvety indumentum. Flotvers few in
terminal or axillary shortly stalked panicles ; pedicels 1*5-2 cm.
long. (7a/yj? cupulate ; sepals short, orbicular. Ovary yellowioh'
green, erect, 5-6-0 vuled. Legume brown, woody, oblong, 4-6*5 cm.
long, 2*5-3 cm. broad, laterally compressed, beaked. Seeds 1-2,
bright red, 1*5-2 cm. long, flattened laterally.

Central China. Changyang, rare, Wilson, 1994.

W. China. Chentu, 500 m., Wilson, 3407.

This is the Hung-tao shu (Red bean tree) of the Chinese.
A large umbrageous tree, rather scarce, with valuable, heavy, rich
red-coloured wood, beautifully marked, and in great demand for
making better class furniture, and for carviug and other purposes.
A short account of this tree is given in Hosie's Report on the
Province of Ssu-cbuan (Cd. 2247), p. 55. No. 3047 was collected
from the identical tree mentioned in the report. The specimen
from Central China has rather more membranous leaves than that
from Chentu. Both are in fruit.

This species is named in compliment to Alex. Hosie, Esq., of
H.B.M. Consular Service. China, to whom we are indebted for
much information respecting Chinese economic products. —
E. H. W.

Ormosia Henryi, Hemsl. et E, H. Wils. ; species distincta foliolis
5-9 breviter petiolulatis patentissimis subtus albo-tomentosis,
legumine crasso maximo 11 cm. longo lO-spermo inter semina
spongioso-septato. — W. B. H.



Digitized by



Google



157

Tree 6-9 m. high. Leaves pinnately 5-9-foliolate, including
petioles J 2-28 cm. long; leaflets elliptic or oblanceolate, 7-12 cm.
long, 2-5*5 cm. broad, very shortly petiolulate, acute, margins
slightly revolute, coriaceous, glabrous above, lower surface, rhachis
and young shoots covered with short brownish-white velvety
indumentum, as are also the peduncles, pedicels and calyx.
Flowers in large much branched terminal or axillary panicles ;
pedicels 1-1*5 cm. long, bracteolate ; bracteoles minute, scale-like.
Calyx large, pubescent ; sepals obovate, acute. Legumes 7-11 cm.
long, 2-3 cm. wide, bluish-black, flattened, slightly beaked,
8-10-peeded. Seeds cival S-15 mm. long, separated one from
another by corky ingrowths from the walls of the pod.

KwANTUNG. Ford, 60.

Chbkiang. Hichen.

HuPBH. Tree 6 m., smooth bark, wood bright yellow, Henrys
Ibll ; Patung, tree 9 m., Wilson, 2587.

A very distinct tree not closely related to any known species.
The four specimens in the Kew Herhirium are all in ripe fruit,
and though collected in widely separated districts are absolutely
identical.— E. H. W.

ROSACBAE.

Sosa maltdbracteata, HemsL et E. H. Wils.; species B, Web-
bianae similis, differt imprimis floribus saepius confertis pedun-
cnlis pedicellisque bracteis numerosis lanceolatis instructis,
carpellis pauci<»ribus et stylis longiorbus. — ^W. B. H.

Bush 2 m. high; primary branches erect, lateral branches
spreading, glabrous, reddish, somewhat glaucescent ; prickles on
main shoots numerous, on secondary shoots in infrastipular pairs,
yellowish, straight, sharp, 8-12 mm. long, base slightly dilated.
Leaves shortly petiolate, ft-9-foliolate, including petioles 2-5 cm.
long, 2-2*5 cm. broad ; petiole 8-16 mm. long ; leaflets shortly
petiolulate, obovate. rarely oblong-obovate, 6-16 mm. long,
6-12 mm. broad, rounded, toothed, entire towards the cuneate
base, dark green and glabrous above, pale green below with
prominent silky-pubescent veins ; rhachis with few prickles, and
numerous short stipitate glands. Stipules adnate, rather over
1 cm. long, glandular-ciliolate ; wings broad, free ends ovate or
oblong-ovate, 4-6 mm. long, obtuse or acute. Flowers pink,
2*5-3 cm. across, in narrow terminal thyrsoid panicles ; bracts
very numerous, crowded, somewhat imbricate, tips recurved,
lanceolate-ovate, 8-12 mm. long, shortly acuminate, remotely
toothed in apical half, glandular-ciliolate ; pedicels 0*5-2 cm. long,
stipitate-glandular. Calyx- tube ellipsoid, 3-4 mm. long, stipitate-
glandular ; lobes ovate, rather over 1 cm. long, caudate-acuminate,
slightly foliaceous, sparsely pubescent and clothed with many
stipitate glands outside, very pubescent within. Petals orbicular,
about 1*5 cm. in diameter, deeply emai^inate. Styles about 12,
long exserted, slender, pilose. Fruit globose, 6-8 mm. long, red,
with few stipitate glands, crowned by erect persistent calyx-lobes.
Carpels with apical tuft of yellowish setose hairs.

SZBCHUAN. Min Valley, 2100 m., Wilson., 3531^



Digitized by



Google



158

A singalar species having a multitude of bracts crowded around
the flowers. It is one of the constituents of the flora of the warm,



Online LibraryKew Royal Botanic GardensKew bulletin → online text (page 18 of 69)