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a very keen collector and tester of plants of all kinds. Mr.
Gumbleton knows more about garden plants than any amateur
that I have ever met, and his knowledge has full play in his own
garden. We were unfortunate in having to see the garden on a
pouring wet day. Some of the plants noted were Anemone
Fanninii, a mass 6 feet through, the peltate leaves 2 feet high and
15 inches across, and the scape 6 feet : I had never seen this plant
so good, although Kew introduced it about 15 years ago. Olearia
insignia against a wall bore 9 flowers. Freylinia cestroides^
10 feet ; Daphniphyllum glaiccescens, 18 feet by 18 feet ; Ptero-
8tyra^ hispida, a tree draped with its lovely white flowers;
Plagianthus Lyallii^ Xanthoceraa sorhifolia^ Btuidleia Colvilleiy
Eucryphia pinnati/olia, E. cordata, Romneya Coulter i^ EscalUmia
langieyensis, Veronica Hectori^ and F. Lindsay i were seen in fine
condition. Mr. Gumbleton also makes a speciality of Begonias,
Pelargoniums, Disas, and of course, herbaceous plants.

St. Anns. The stately home of Lord Ardilaun is more like an
English nobleman's residence than any that I saw in Ireland ;
and this is true of the garden also. The keep of the place is good,
the collections of plants are comprehensive and well cared for,
and there is an air of cultivation wherever one looks. Lady
Ardilaun is a keen gardener and loves to experiment with plants
of doubtful hardiness, providing shelter fences and hurdles for
those supposed to need it until they are well established.
Buddleia Colvilleiy a bush 12 feet high, was in flower ; also big
bushes of Cassia corymbosa, Carpenteria califomica^ and
Pentstemon coccineum. Roses and carnations are splendidly
grown there.

ASHBOURNB. Mr. Beamish has formed here a delightful garden
which in a few years will most likely be much talked about. It
is partly on a steep slope with the bare rocks showing here and
there, a situation that lends itself to rock gardening, and
Mr. Beamish has made the most of it. The whole garden is well
conceived and the construction of the rockery most picturesque.
Plants grow exceptionally well there, and as the proprietor spares
neither money nor pains to secure the best, his garden is sure to



Mr. Harry Dodd, a member of the gardening staflE of the
Royal Botanic Gardens, has been appointed by the Secretary of
State for the Colonies, on the recommendation of Kew, Curator
of the Botanic Station at Onitsha, Southern Nigeria.

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Mr. William Hbad, a member of the gardening staff of the
Royal Botanic Gardens, has been appointed by the Secretary of
State for India in Council, on the recommendation of Kew, a
probationer gardener for service in India.

Mr. RiTPHRT Badghrt, a member of the gardening staff of
the Royal Botanic Gardens, has been appointed by the Secretary
of State for India in Council, on the recommendation of Eew^
a probationer gardener fo^ service in India.

J. M. Crombib.— The Rev. James Morrison Crombie, F.L.S.,
ws^B bom at Aberdeen in 1831,* and wbb educated at Marischal
College there, and at Edinburgh University, where he took his
M.A., and was subsequently appointed a minister in the Estab-
lished Church of Scotland. He was early attracted to natural
history, and his first production was a small volume on Braomar
in 186 J • Five years later he came to London and held various
appointments till failing health in 1903 compelled him to give up
his latest post as Clerk to the Synod in England. He died at
Ewhurst, Surrey, on 12th May, 1906.

He was lecturer on Botany at St. Mary*s Hospital from 1879 to
1886, but the work by which he is beet known, was his work on
Lichens; he determined the collections brought home by
numerous travellers, and described them as parts of these series
or as detached papers in journals ; he also drew up accounts of
the Lichens in the herbaria of Dillenius and of Withering. He
issued a brief account of British Lichens in 1870, and designed a
fuller monograph with descriptions of the species in the British
Museum, of which he only completed the first volume. He was
thoroughly in accordance with his old friend Nylander in reject-
ing the symbiotic theory of Lichens, and this strong prepossession
coloured much of his writings. The Herbarium at Kew was
indebted to him for the determination from time to time of
Lichens belonging to the collection.

B. D. J.

* The late Mr. Orombie hae been stated by his widow to have been born on
2(hh April, 1830» by himself to have been bom in 1838. The latter date is
oertainlj inoorrect, the former is probably so. Professor Trail, who has kindly
made the necessary enqniries, finds that there is no entry in the Parish Register
of Mr. Crombie^s birth ; the entry refers to his baptism, and is as foUows :—
** Baptisms in Old Maohar in 1881, April 20, 1881, John Grombie, ship captain,
« Hnntly Street, and his spouse, Ann Morrison, had a son bom named James
** Morrison, baptised by the Rev. Joseph Thorbom ; witnesses, James and
•* William Morrison.'' Mr. Grombie attended the Arts Classes, Marischal CSollege,
Aberdeen, during the sessions 1847-48 and 1848-49.


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WILLUM J AJCBS Farrhb.— Sincere regret will be expressed not
only by those to whom he was personally known, but also by all
interested in. the important proUems connected with the improve-
meht of wheat, on learning of the sudden deaths resulting from^
heart disease, of Mr. William James Farrer, of Lambrigg, N.S.Wf

Farrer was born near Kendal in: Westmorland in 1845, and was
educated at Christ^s Hospital (Bluecoat School). He afterwards
entered Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he graduated in
1868, being placed among the Wranglers in the Mathematical
Tripos. .

On account of ill-health he sailed for Australia about 1870; and'
was employed as a surveyor under the Lands Department of New
South Wales. ' -

In 1886. he resigned his connection with the Survey Office and
devoted himself to the systematic improvement of wheat by
cross-breeding and selection^ always keeping in view two primary
objects — resistance to drought and to rust, maintaining at the
same time a high milling standard. The success achieved in this
direction is now common knowledge, and it is highly probable
that in the near future wheat will be profitably grown over
immense tracts in Australia, which up to the present have been
considered unsuited to it on account of drought or the prevalence
of rust. His work has also bsen appreciated outside Australia. A
few years ago Mr. Morland, Director of Agriculture in the United
Provinces of Agra and Oudh, India, paid a visit to Australia to
study the methods adopted by Farrer, with the object of institu-
ting similar lines of research in India. Farrer^s work ,was also
much appreciated in the United States.

Ill 1898 Farrer ws^ engaged as Wheat Experimentalist by the
Minister of Mines and Agriculture, a post which *he filled to the
time of his death.


Visits to Ireland and Scotland.— The Curator of the Oarden,
Mr. Watson, paid a visit to Ireland, which extended from June 18
to July 1, 19W>^ for the purpose of seeing some of the more notable
gardens in that country. Mr. Watson^s report on this visit, which
proved to be very interesting and profitable, is published in the
cafrent number of the Bulletin.

The Assistant Curator of the Ghtrden, Mr. Bean, visited Scotland
with a similar object between July 9 and July 27, 1906. This
visit was attended with equally satisfactory results. Mr. Bean's
report will appear in a subsequent Bulletin.

Elliottia racemosa, Muhl, — A peculiar, and to botanists a
regretful, interest attaches to those plants that have become or
are becoming extinct in £i wild state. Elliottia racemosa is one of
these. It was first discovered early in the last century by Stephen
Elliott — in honour of whom the genus is named— on the banks of
the Savannah River in Georgia. It was afterwards found again
twice on the banks of the same river. But the only site on which

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for many years it is known to have occnrred is now under cultiva-
tion, and Elliottia racemosa probably exists in a few places as a
cultivated plant only. Through the kindness of Mr. P, Q. Berck-
mans, a nurseryman of Augusta, Georgia, who at one time
possessed (as he expressed it) "the sole visible representatives
"of the species," Kew has in cultivation now two small, but
healthy, specimens. Mr. Berckmans first sent plants to Kew in
1894, and in a letter dated February 27, 1894, says : "I take
"pleasure in sending you a few plants of Elliottia racemosa^
" which are the first I have ever been able to propagate since I
"collected a few plants 30 years ago in company with the late
" Dr. Asa Gray. Our attention was called to some shrubs which
" were growing in a high sandy pine section about 15 miles from
" Augusta and producing very showy flowers. Very much to our
" delight we found these to be the exceedingly rare Elliottia.''*
These plants, sent in 1894, however, did not take root, and ulti-
mately died. In 1902 two more plants were sent, and these,
fortunately, are now well established in the open ground. The
species is evidently one not easy to propagate. Several methods
were tried by Mr. Berckmans, but even a moderate success was
only attained by means of root-cuttings. It is likely, therefore, to
long remain a plant of exceeding rarity. Kew possesses probably
the only plants in Europe.

Elliottia is a genus belonging to the Ericaceae, of which
E. racemosa is now considered to be the sole representative. Two
Japanese shrubs, viz., Tripetaleia bracteata, Maxim., and 2\panicu-
kUa, Sieb. <& Zucc, were, by Bentham and Hooker, placed under
Elliottia, but the genus Tripetaleia has latterly been restored
by Drude. Neither of these Japanese species possesses the
attractive qualities of the true Elliottia of Georgia, which grows
to as much as 10 feet in height, and has alternate deciduous leaves
li to 5 inches long, dark green above, paler and slightly hirsute
beneath. Its flowers are borne in terminal racemes 6 to 10 inches
long, each flower being about 1 inch in diameter, the corolla
consisting of four white narrow-oblong petals. The fruit is un-
known. The only published figure of the species is in " Garden
and Forest," 1894, p. 205.

PresentationB to Mnsenms.— Drift Fruits.— An interesting
series of Drift Fruitfl and Seeds collected by Dr. H. B. Guppy
during 1904 in the Guayaquil River and on the coast of Ecuador
and the Pacific and Atlantic sides of the Panama Isthmus has
been mounted and placed In the special case reserved for drift
material opposite Case 85, Museum No. I.

St. Louis Exhibition.— A Bronze Medal and a Diploma
awarded to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries for its exhibit
at the St. Louis Exhibition, 1904, have recently been received at
the Museum.

Part of the exhibit consisted of a plan and a series of photo-
graphic views of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, a duplicate set

25647 C 2

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of which will be found in MoBeam No. III., together with the
Diploma. The Medal has been placed in the case reserved for
aimilar pbjectB on the top floor of Moseam No. I.

It may mentioned here that copies of these views exhibited by
H.M. OflRce of Works gained a similar distinction at the Paris
Exhibition of 1900. The Medal and Diploma then obtained will
be found side by side with those awarded at St. Louis.

The official description of the St. Louis Medal is as follows : —

In the composition of the obverse of the medal are shown
two figures, one of which, Columbia, tall and stately, is about
to envelop the youthful maiden by her side, typifying the
Louisiana Territory, in the flag of the stars and stripes, thus
receiving her into the sisterhood of States. The other figure
is depicted in the act of divesting herself of the cloak of
Prance, symbolized in the emblem of Napoleon, the busy bee,
embroidered thereon. In the background is shown the rising
sun, the dawn of a new era of progress to the nation.

The reverse of the medal shows an architectural tablet
bearing an inscription giving the grade of the medaL Below
the tablet are two dolphins symbolizing our eastern and
western boundaries, the whole surmounted by an American
Eagle, spreading his wings from Ocean to Ocean.

On the Oold Medal there are three distinct comers, each
containing a wreath encircling a monogram or emblem, and
each of these wreaths is surrounded by 14 stars, representing
the- Louisiana Purchase States and Territories. On the Grand
Prize design there is the same number of stars in the upper
field of the shield, and there are 13 bars in the lower field,
representing the original States. On the design of the Silver
Medal the artist hais used the cross of the Order of Saint

The medal was designed by Adolph A. Weinman. The
design was approved by a conmiittee composed of J. Q. A.
Ward, Daniel C. French, and Augustus St. Gaudens.

The dies were engraved and the medals struck by the
United States Government Mint at Philadelphia. The alloy
for the medals was made especially for the Exposition after
samples were submitted and passed upon by expert medallists.

Forestry Exhibits.— His Grace the Duke of Wellington,
K.G., G.C.V.O., Strathfieldsaye House, Mortimer, has presented to
the Museum a fine series of Photographs illustrative of Forestry
in this country.

The Most Hon. the Marquis of Lansdowne, E.G., G.C.S.I.,
Bowood, Calne, Wilts, has presented to the Museum planks of the
following home-grown timbers : —

Liriodendron ttilipifera^
Quercus CernSj
Seqiuna gigantea.

G. F. Luttrell, Esq., Dnnster Castle, Dunster, Somerset, has
presented to the Museum a longitudinal section of " Brown Oak.'*

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Jamaica Tea. — Several Bamplee of Tea grown and prepared at
Claremont, Jamaica, have been presented to the Mnseom by
Mr. H. E. Cox at the request of Sir Daniel Morris, E.C.M.O.,
Commissioner of the Imperial Department of Agriculture, West
Indies. The samples will be found in case 10, Museum No. I.,
together with Tea grown and prepared at the Cinchona Planta-
tions, Jamaica, from Assam plants received in the Island in 1868.
This latter specimen was forwarded to Kew by Mr. B. Thompson
in 1874. Another sample from this island was obtained from the
Jamaica Court, Colonial and Indian Exhibition, 1886.

Oil Sebds. — Seeds of Tel/atria occidentalism Hook, f., which
is described as a lofty climber of the order Cucurbitaceae,^ have
recently been received from a Liverpool firm as an oil-seed from
the Gk)ld Coast, for determination. Samples of these seeds have
frequently been submitted for identification ; so far as was
previously known, they are only used as a food, for which
purpose the plant is commonly cultivated by negroes in Tropical
Africa, the seeds being boiled before eaten.

Specimens of the fruit, which is about two feet long and is
acutely ribbed, together with examples of the large orbicular
seeds from Lagos and the Oold Coast, and germinating seeds from
the Royal Gardens, are exhibited in case 57, Museum No. I.

Additions to the Herbarium during 1904.— Donations of speci'
mens were made by about ninety persons and institutions, and
amounted to over 8,000 sheets. The specimens purchased
amounted to over 4,000 sheets. The principal collections are
enumerated below.

Various Parts op the World. Presented .'^Uoeaes^ by Dr.
V. F. Brotherus; type-specimens of his species of Inocybe, by
Prof. C. H. Peck.

Purchased : — Heller, Fungi of Puerto Rico and Hawaii ;
Eneucker, " Oramineae Exsiccatae," lief, xv.-xvi.

EUROPH. Presented: — " Hieraciotheca gallica et hispanica,"
lasc. xiii.-xiv., by M. 6. Oautier.

Purchased : — ^Dahlstedt, Scandinavian Hieracia, Cent, xvi, ; W.
H. Pearson, British Hepaticae ; Woloszczak, " Flora polonica
exsiccata,'' Cent. x. and xi., part.

Orient. Presented : — Cyprus, by Miss E. A. Samson.

Eastern and Central Asia. Presented :—OrchidsLcea^ and
Ranunculaceae, by the Natural History Museum, Paris ; Japan, by
Mr. H. J. Elwes ; China, principally Hong Kong, by Mr. W. J.

Purchased : — Takeda, Japan, Cent, i.-ii.

INBIA« Presented : — By the Botanic Oardens, Calcutta ; by Sir
D. Brandis, K.C.I.E. ; by Lieut.-Col. A, A. Barrett ; Himalayan
Mosses, by Mr. J. F. Duthie.

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Malaya. Presw^.— Philippine Iriands, by the Bureau of
Government Laboratories, Manila; Northern Siam, by Mr. C. B.
Clarke ; Siamese trees, by Mr. D. 0. Witt.

Australasia. Presented :— Beckett, New Zealand Mosses, by
Mr. J. F. Duthie ; Chatham Islands, by Mr. F. A. W. Cox ; Norfolk
Island and New South Wales, by Mr, J. H. Maiden.

Tropical Africa. Presented .— Whyte and Sim, Liberia, by
Sir H. H. Johnston, G.C.M.G., K.O.B. ; Pobiguin, Grasses of
French Guinea, by the Natural History Museum, Paris ; W. R,
Elliott, Nigeria, by the Imperial Institute ; Elaine, Gaboon, by
the late M. L. Pierre ; Hereroland, by Prof. H. H. W. Pearson ;
Sudan, by Mr, A. F. Broun ; Somaliland, by Major D. Thomson ;
Uganda, by Mr. M. T. Dawe ; Allen, Victoria Falls, by Sir C.
Metcalfe, Bart. ; do., by Mr. C. E. F. Allen ; Thymelaeaceae, by
Botanic Garden, Berlin.

South Africa. Presented :—'Bj Dr. H. Bolus; by Prof. P.
MacOwan ; Schlechter, South and South-West Africa, by Dr. H.
Schinz ; Transvaal, by Mr. J. Burtt Davy ; Bonomi, Tristan
d'Acunha, by Prof. P. MacOwan ; Cape Ericaceae, by Mr. E. E.
Galpin ; Asclepiadaceae, by Dr. S. Schonland.

Purchased : — Junod, Transvaal.

North America. Presented i-^Greenhindy by Mr. C. H.
Ostenfeld ; Langworthy, Vancouver Island Mosses, by Mr. W.
Bellerby; Centi-al New York, by Dr. J. V. Haberer; Williams,
Fungi of the United States, by the U.S. National Museum ;
Orchids, by Mr. Oakes Ames ; Crataegus, by the Arnold

Purchased: — Heller, California ; Hall, California; C. F. Baker,
West Coast, North America ; Metcalfe, New Mexico ; Eggleston,
North-Eastem United States.

Cbntral America. Presented: — Gaumer, Yucatan, fasc. ii.,
by the Field Columbian Museum, Chicago.

Purchased .— C. F. Baker, Nicaragua.

West Indies. Presented .—By the New York Botanic Garden,

Purchased : — Curtiss, Isle of Pines ; Nichols, Jamaici.

Tropical South America. Pr^n/ai;— Seed-drift from the
rivers and coasts of Ecuador and Panama, by Mr. H. B. Guppy ;
Weir, Mosses, by Mrs. S. Weir.

Purchased ;— Ule, Amazons ; Fiebrig, Paraguay ; Reineck,
South Brazil.

Temperate South America. Presented /—Cryptogams from
Gough and South Orkney Islands, by Mr. R. N. R. Brown;
Argentine Republic, by Mr. T. Stuckert.

The largest collection received was from the Philippine Islands,
and consisted of about 1,600 specimens presented by the Bureau

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of Government t.aboratorie8, Manila, to whioh Institution nine
volnmee of Hooker's Icones Plantarum, Ser, III., were sent in

An interesting series of collections by Messrs. A. Whyte and
D. Sim in the Republic of Liberia was communicated by Sir H. H.
Johnston, Q.C.M.G., K.C.B., on behalf of the Monrovian Rubber
Company. The collections were made in the following locali-
ti^ : — (1) Within a radius of six miles round Monrovia ; (2) in
the hinterland of Monrovia, within a radius of 20 miles from
Kaka Town ; (3) in the basin of Ihe Since River. They com-
prised over 260 species, of which 67 were found to be new.
Sim^s collections consisted chiefiy of Apocynaceae, and the
novelties have been described in the Addenda to Dyfer, Fl. Trop.
Afr., vol. iv., sect. 1. Among the plants collected by Whyte were
4 new genera and 58 new species, which have been described in
a paper by Dr. 0. Stapf , entitled " Contributions to the Flora of
Liberia " (Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot., vol. xxxvii., pp. 79-115).

The first instalment,^ numbering 500 sheets, of an interesting
collection from the Amazons region was acquired by purchase
from Dr. E. Ule. Besides exploring the Jurua and other Brazilian
tributaries of the Amazons, Dr. Ule traversed much of the ground
formerly botanized over' by Spruce, and his collections^ besides
supplementing those formed by the latter, actually contain new
species from such places as Tarapoto, where Spruce collected a
very extensive series of specimens.

Other valuable accessions were : — A series of over 500 Indian
plants, including 160 Acanthaceae from 'the Malay Peninsula,
presented by the Botanic Gardens, Calcutta ; about 500 Uganda
plants, collected by Messrs. M. T. Da we and E. Brown, and pre-
sented by the former ; about 450 West Indian plants presented by
the New York Botanical (harden ; 300 plants from the Isle of
Pines, near Cuba, purchased from the collector, Mr. A. H. Curtiss ;'
and 200 sheets of Ellaine's Gaboon specimens, presented by the
late M. L. Pierre, who published descriptions and. discussed the
affinities of many of the novelties in the Bulletin Mensuel de la
Societe Linn^enne de Paris.

Ootoaearter microphylla, WalL^ naturalised in Bngland.— Mr.
S. T. Dunn {Alien Flora of Britain^ p. 71) records Cotoneaster
microphyUay Wall., as ** said to be naturalised on Brean Down, in
Somerset." The specimen on which this statement is based is at
Eew, and was received in 1892 from Mr. Arthur Smith, with the
information that it 'Ms established on Brean Down,- Somerset.*'
Wijbhin tl)e last few weeks two other specimens, collected under
conditions suggesting actual naturalisation, have reached Eew.
One came from the chalk" downs, near Yentnor, in the Isle of
Wight, and was communicated by Mr. P. R. Armitage. The
other was found by Mr. A. D. Anneslev, of Amberley, Stroud,.
(Moucestershire, on Radborough Common, near Stroud, several
hundred yards away frcmi any house. O. microphylla is a native
of the Himalayas from KasWir to Bhutan, and ranging from

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4,000-8,000 feet, and in a varietal form (var. glacialia) even up to
14,000 feet It was first grown in England aboat 1825 from seeds
sent by Dr. Wallich, and has bver since been in cultivation in this
country, usually for covering walls. It is not often the case that
woody plants become naturalised, and authentic cases are therefore
worth being put on record.

Bhododendron aaoabifoliam ^When working out the genus

Rhododendron for the enumeration of Chinese plants in the
Journal of the Linnean Society, I described a 22. aibcy^ifoUum
(vol. xxvi., p. 19), and on the authority of Dr. A. Henry, stated
that it was very rare, only one bush having been observed. The
specimens were mounted, and the flowers detached from the
branches when they came into my hands ; but there was no
apparent reason for doubting the relationship of the leaves and
flowers. However, Mr. E. H. Wilson, who visited the locality in
which it was supposed to grow, failed to find a Rhododendron
agreeing in foliage with my R. avbcubifolium. Recently com-
paring his very long series of specimens of Rhododendron^ Wilson
was struck by the strong likeness of the flowers of R. aucubi-
folium to those of R. pittoeporifoUum^ Hemsl., and on placing
them side by side they proved to be the same. Then a close
examination of the leafy branches brought to light the fact that
inflorescences of R. pittosporifolium had been inserted in the tips
of the somewhat thick branches of DaphniphyUum macropodum.
The basal part of the inflorescence of the Rhododendron is still
present in each specimen in the branch of DaphniphyUum^ and
so deftly were the inflorescences inserted that it is necessary to
look very close to see the deception.

This is not the only instance of this kind of perverted
ingenuity practised by one of Dr. A. Henry's Chinese coolies,
named Li Ten Yao. These artificial combinations were not
detected by Dr. A. Henry, because he had not time to examine a
tithe of the plants brought in by his collectors. However, Li
was a good collector, though a little unscrupulous as to the nature
of some of his novelties, and Mr. Wilson engaged him as an
assistant, knowing of his wicked ways. One day Li, who by the
way was a convert to Christianity, came with " a very rare and
curious plant," which he had had the good luck to discover. He
was permitted to go into particulars, and then his fraud wap
exposed before his comrades, and he had to suffer the loss of a
fortnight's pay. In this instance he had associated Rhtcs semiakUa
and a species of Viburnum^ and, so &r as we know, this was his
last creation.

W. B. H.

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