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Preflentations to the Library during 1903.— The following works,
many of which are of considerable value, were presented by the
Bentham Trustees : Angelita^ Ipomi d^oro^ 1607 ; Conder, Land*
scape Gardening in Japan^ mi Supplement^ 1893; Oallesio^

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Pdmana italiana^ 1817-39, a magnlfioent work in 6 folio yolames;
and Gli agrumi dei giardini hotanico-agrarii di Firmzsy 1839, by
the ^ame author ; Jordan <k Fourreau^ Iconea ad floram Europae^
1903, the completion of vol. ii. (74 plates), and the whole of
vol. iii. ; Lonitzerj Botanicon: plantarum historiasy cum earundem
ad vivum arteficioae expreasis iconibus^ tomi duoy 1565 ; Markham^
The English Husbanaman^ 1635 ; Mascall, A hooks of the arte
and maner howe to plant and graffe all sortes of TreeSj etc., 1572 ;
Orttis SanitatiSj in German, printed by Schdnsperger at Angsbnrg
in 1496 ; VenxAti^ De agricultura opuectdumy 1541 ; The Engli^
Flower Garden ; a monthly magazine . . . by W. Thompsony
1852-^53, 2 vols., and all published of a third ; UHorticuUeur
universel . . . r&lige par (7. Lemairey etc., 1839-46, 7 vols.
The continuation of about 20 serial publications have also been
presented by the Bentham Trustees. Further publications of the
Mus6e du Congo, including Etudes de systimatique et de gio-
graphie botaniques sur la flore du Bos- et du Moyen-Oongoy par
E. De Wildemany i., fasc. 1, have been received from the
Secretaire General du D^partement de Tlnt^rieur, Brussels, and
several works by Dr. De Wildeman, chiefly on the flora of the
Congo, from the author. DonUy Ho^Hus cantdbrigiensiSy ed..8,«
1815 ; Haworthy Synopsis plantarum succulentarumy 1812,
2 copies ; and 37 photographs, chiefly of species of Agave in the
collection of Baron de Jonge van Ellemeet, were presented by
Mr, T. H. Kellock. FraseVy Notes on the Natural Historyy etc.,
of Western Australiay 1903, received from Dr. A. Morrison ;
Oearcy A list of the publications of the United States National
Museum (1875-1900), etc., 1902, from the Secretary, Smithsonian
Institution ; KiekXy Relation Sune promenade botanique et
agricole dans la Oampine (1835), from Prof. A. Cogniaux ;
7 paintings of Orchids, from Mr. J. F. Last ; 49 plates from the
Acta horti petropolitaniy from Mr. S. Sommier ; Preliminary list
of vernacular names of TreeSy ShrubSy etc., ftund in the forests of
the Madras Presidency y 1901, from Mr. A, W. B. Higgens ;
Maideny The Forest Flora of New South WaleSy parts 1-5, 1902-03,
from the Hon. the Secretary for Lands, N.S. Wales ; and A critical
revision ofthegemts Eu^calypttiSy'paria 1-3, 1903, also by Mr. Maiden,
from the author ; Manny The Tea soils of Cachar and Sylhety
1903, from the Secretary of the Indian Tea Association, Calcutta ;
Micheliy Leguminosae Langlasseanacy 1903, from Madame Micheli ;
Map of the Republic of PerUy 1903, from the Consul of Peru,
Southampton ; Bodwayy The Tasmanian Floray 1903, from the
Hon. the Treasurer for Tasmania ; SpoerrVy Die Verwendung
des Bambus in Japany etc., 1903, from Sir W. T. Thiselton-Dver,
K.C.M.O. ; Theobaldy First report on Economic Zoology y 1903,
from the Trustees of the British Museum ; Watt A Manny The
Pests and Blights of the Tea Planty ed. 2, 1903, from the Reporter
on Economic Products to the Government of India; Warburgy
Baum*s Kunene-Sambesi Expeditiony 1903, from Mr. J. G. Baker ;
BoUettino agricole e commerciale delta Colonia Eritreay 1903,
fo)m Dr. J. Baldrati ; 10 original sketches of Australasian (chiefly
New Zealand) Trees, by W. Swainson, from Miss Quinan. The
following works have been presented by their respective authors :
E. A. L. BatterSy A catalogue of the British Marine AlgaCy 1902 ;
E. Boulangery Oerminatioh de VAscospore de la Truffe^ 1903, and

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Les myceliiMn truffiers btancs^ 1903 ; F. Chauvel^ Reckerches sur
la famiUe des Oxalidacees^VdOZ ; A. CogniauXj Petite Flore de
Belgiquey ed. 3, 1895, and EUmente de sciences naturelles • • •
Botaniquey ed. 12, 1901 ; J. A. Dominguez^ Datos para la Materia
Midica Argentina, i,, 1903 ; J. F, DiUhie, Flora of th$ Tipper
Qangetic Plain^ etc., part 1, 1903, 2 copies ; Sir W, T. TTiiseUon -
Dyer, Morphological notes, i.-x. ; N. GhAstasp, Das Stockholz, 1903 ;
A. von Huegel, Charles von Huegd, 1796-1870, 1903 ; T. Ito, New
lessons in elementary Botany [1903 ?] ; JB. Kot6 & S. Kanazawa,
A catalogue of the romanized geographical names of Korea, 1903 ;
O. Lignier^ Le fruit du Williamsonia Oigas, Carr., et les
Bennettitaies, 1903 ; U. Martdli, Le collezioni di Q. E. Rumpf
ctcquisate dal Oranduca Cosimo III. de Medici, 1903 ; E. D.
Merrill, Botanical work in the Philippines, 1903 ; F, Niedenzu,
De genere Heteropteryge, 1903 ; A. Rehder, Synopsis of the genus
Lonicera, 1903; F. Slander A Co., Addenda to Sander^ s Orchid
Quids, 1903 ; O. S. Sargent, Tlie Silva of North America,
Bupplement vol. xiv., 1902; H. Schinz, Versuch einer mono-
graphischen tlbersicht der OcUtung Sebaea, 1903, and other papers ;
M. J. Teesdale, The Trees of Dulwich, 1902 ; A. Whyte, Report
. . . on . . . travels along tJie seor^xmst belt of tJie British
East Africa Protectorate, 1903 ; the continuation of Natal Plants,
by J. Medley Wood, also from the author. The continuations of
several periodicals have been received from Sir J. D. Hooker,
O.C.S.I. Mention should also be made of the numerous pamphlets
which have mostly been presented by their respective authors,
including Prof. G. Arcangeli, Mr. W. W. Ashe, Dr. I. Baldrati,
Prof. A. Cogniaux, Dr. W. C. Coker, Prof. E. Hackel, Dr. F. B.
Power, Prof. F. Ramaley, and Prof. C. S. Sargent, and of the
numerous publications of the United States Department of
Agriculture which have been presented by the Secretary of

PresentationB to the Library daring 1904.— The numerous
presentations by the Bentham Trustees include : Burgess, Eido-
defidron, views of the general character and appearatice of trees,
1827-31 ; Drapiez, Herbier de VamcUeur de fieurs, etc., 1828-35,
8 vols. ; Hofland, A descriptive account of the mansion and gardens
of White-Knights, 1820; Markham, A way to get weaWi, etc.,
1683-84; Mattioli, Herbdr aneb Bylindr, 1596, a Bohemian
edition of Mattioli's well-known work, by Huber and Adam ;
Nova Acta Academics Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae
Curiosorum, vols. xxvi. pars. 2 to vo 1. Ixxix., 1858-1901 ; Cot^us,
Annotationes in Pedacii Dioscoridis Anazarbei de madica materia
libros v., etc., 1561 ; C[hambers], An olde thrift newly revived,
1612; Cook, The manner of raising, ordering, and improving
forest trees, ed. 2, 1717 ; Holl6s, Oasteromycetes Hungariae, 1904 ;
Oltmanns, Morphologic und Biologic der Algen, Bd. i., 1904;
Colgan, Flora of the County Dublin, 1904 ; Toumsend, Flora of
Hampshire, ed. 2, 1904 ; Woosler, Alpine Plants, 1874, 2 vols. ;
Kane, Arctic explorations in tlie years ISSS-SS, 1856-57, 2 vols. ;
Pinto, How I crossed Africa from the Atlantic to the Indian
Ocean, 1881, 2 vols. ; also the continuation of about 20 serial
publications. Sir W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, K.C.M.G., has present^

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a large number of selected tracts from his own library, and the
following : Andriy Vart des jardins^ 1879 ; Bartleity The history
arid antiquities of the parish of Wimbledon, 1865 ; \_Casey'\y
Riviera Nature Notes, 1898 ; Engdmann, De Antholysi prO'
dromus^ 1832, a dissertation ; Latvson, The agriculturist'* s manual,
1836 ; Pictorial Handbook of London, 1854 ; Abstracts of the
papers printed in the Philosophical Transactions, vols, i.-vi.,
1832-54, and the continaation as Proceedings of the Royal Society
of London, vols, vii.-xxx., 1856-80. The following works from
the library of the late Mr. Hermann Herbst were presented by
Mr. Geo. Nicholson : Senary, Album Senary [28 coloured plates
of cultivated vegetables], 1876-82 ; Sowler, South African
Sketches, 1854 ; Eeden, Album van Eeden . • • coloured plates
of . . . Bulbous Plants, 1872-81 ; Petit, Pares et jardins des
environs de Paris, [s.a.] ; Pilot, Arbres de Vile Maurice, [s.a.],
a collection of 21 plates by Pitot and others ; and handbooks of
the World's Columbian Exhibition at Chicago in 1893, of the Exhi-
bition Building at Melbourne, and of North Carolina and Oregon.
Sir J. D. Hooker, O.C.S.I., has presented a number of tracts ; tiie
continuation of several periodicals ; Rein, Seitrdge zur Kenntnis
der spanischen Sierra Nevada, 1899 ; and the volume puMished
by the Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Rome, in commemoration of
the tercentenary of it^ foundation. Prof. Hans Schinz has pre-
sented 24 dissertations, and 3 have been received from iVof.
Hans Solereder. Kew is indebted to Mr. H. S. Thompson for the
4 following publications : Dunn, A preliminary list of tlie cUien
Flora of Britain, 1903 ; Ralfs, The British Phcenoganwus Plants
and Ferns, 1839 ; Sorensen, Norsk Flora, 1896 ; and Transactions
of the Worcestershire Naturalists' Club, 1847-99. Scritti botanici
pubblicati nella ricorrema centenaria delta morte di C. AUioni,
1904,. was received from Prof. Mattirolo ; Bigeard, Petite flore
mycologique, 1903, from Mesprs. Dulau & Co. ; BoliM and
Wolley-Dod, A list of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the
Cape Peni7isula, 1903, from Dr. H. Bolus ; Coville and
Macdougal, Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Insti-
tution, 1903, from Prof. F. V. Coville ; Index Kewensis, suppl. 2
(part 1), 7 copies, from the Delegates of the Clarendon I4ess,
Oxford ; Plantae novae vet minus cognitae ex herbario horti
thenensis, 1 re [-2 me] livraison, and the continuation of Plantae
selectae horti thenensis, from Monsieur L. van den Bosch ;
the continuation of the botanical publications of the Mus6e du
Congo, from the Secretaire General du D^partement de I'lnterieur,
Brussels ; Lelievre, Nouveau jardinier de la Louisiane, 1838,
from Mr. W. Beer ; Catalogue of the books . . . in the British
Museum (Natural History), vols, i.-ii., 1903-04, and The History
of the Collections contained in the Natural History Departments
of the British Museum, vol. i., 1904, from the Trustees of the
British Museum ; Macknight, Food for the Tropics, 1904, from
Messrs. W. Thacker & Co. ; SchlicKs Manual of Forestry, vol. ii.,
ed. 3, 1904, from the Registrar and Superintendent of Records,
India Office ; Ntles, Bog-trotting for Orchids, 1904, from Messrs.
Putnam ; First Report of the Wellcome Research Laboratories of
the Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum, 1904, from the Director ;
Ayinals oftl%e Kilmarnock Olenfield Ramblers'" Society, li^i-l^Oif
from Mr. D. Murray through Dr. A. Henry ; Recueil des Tfxtvaux

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Botaniques Neerla)idais^ No. 1, 1904, from the Society Botauiquo
Neerlandaise ; Roxburgh^ Flora indica^ a copy of the manuscript
containing the Cryptogams as well as the Phanerogams, from
Mr. Douglas M. Govan and Major-General C. M. Govan. The
following have been presented by their respective authors :
jB. T. Baker^ Botanical papers on the Australian Flora, 1904 ;
O. Beadle, Chapters on papermaking, vol. i., 190 1; G. E. C.
Beautnsage, Chnera montrouzieranaplantarum Novae Caledonian,
1901, and Guide des itudiants au jardin botanique de la FaciUti
de MSdicine et de Pharmacie de Lyon, ed. 4, 1903 ; F. O. Bower,
Studies in the morphology of spore-producing members, part 5,
1903 ; P. T. Cleve, A treatise on the Phytoplankton of the Atlantic
and its tributaries, 1897 ; E. J. Cole, Grand Rapids Flora, 1901 ;
De WUdeman, Notices sur des plantes utiles ou tnUressantes de la
Flore du Congo, fasc. i., 1903 x A. Farmar, Place-name synonyms
classified, and PUzce-name corre^nmdences, 1904 ; W. Fawcett,
Guide to the Botanic Gardens, Castleton, Jamaica, 1904 ; P. Fitz-
gerald, A Juindbook to Kew Palace, [s. a.] ; B. P. G. EochretUiner,
Le Sud'Oranais, 1904 ; W. H. Johnson, The cultivation and pre-
paration of Para Rubber, 1904 ; D. M. Mottier, Fecundation in
Plants, 1904 ; D. Prain, Bengal Plants, 1903, 2 vols. ; A. B.
Rendle, The classification of Flowering Plants, vol. i., 1904;
L. Sodiro, Contribudones al conodmiento de la flora ecuatoriana,
MonografUM UMii., 1903. The publications of the Bureau of
Government Laboratories of the Philippine Islands have been
received from the Superintendent and Mr. E. D. Merrill, those of
the Botanic Gterden, Buitenzorg, from Dr. M. Treub, and a selection
of those of the United States Department of Agriculture, from the
Secretary of Agriculture. Amongst the numerous donors of
pamphlets may also be mentioned Dr. A. Baldacci, Prof. H. G.
Hallier, Prof. A. S. Hitchcock, Mrs. Olga Fedtschenko, Mr. Boris
Fedtochenko, and Prof. 0. Lignier.

Liberia.— The Library of the Royal Botanic Gardens is indebted
to its author for a copy of this work.* This gift is but the
latest manifestation of Sir Harry Johnston's great and unfailing
generosity to Kew.

The work gives an extremely interesting account of the history
of the territories that are included in the Republio of Liberia
and of the pr(>gres6 and present condition of the State.

The physical features, climatic conditions and natural history of
Liberia are fully discussed and amply illustrated. The part
devoted to the flora, which is that in which the readers of the
Bulletin are more immediately interested, consists of about
150 pages with 58 illustrations, chiefly of useful plants, with a
sprinkling of peculiar and new types, partly from Sir Harry's
own drawings, partly from Miss Matilda Smith's pen and ink
sketches. It opens with an interesting chapter by Sir Harry on
the aspects, composition, uses, etc., of the vegetation. This is
followed by a briefly descriptive enumeration of all the
phanerogams and higher cryptogams at present known to inhabit

* Liberia : By Sir Harry Johnston, G.O.M.G., E.O.B., D.8c. With an Appendix
on the Flora of Liberia by Dr. Otto Stapf, F.L.S., 2 vols. London : Hntchinson
k Oa, 1906.

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the country, by Dr. Otto Stapf. Of course it can only be re-
garded as a fragment, some natural orders that almost certainly
occur in Liberia not being represented in the collections, whilst
other groups are very poorly represented. Of ferns, for example,
only four species are enumerated and only seven orchids. But
this fragment will doubtless be very useful, as it includes a large
percentage of plants of economic value. Altogether about
540 species are enumerated, belonging to ninety natural orders*
The orders most numerously represented are : — Leguminosaey
60 species ; Rubiaceae, 50 ; Apocynaceaey 38 ; Cyperaceae, 29 ; and
Qramineae^ 25 species. Mr. Alexander Whyte's collection was by
far the largest, and the consolidated collection yielded four new
genera and about seventy new species mostly described in the
37th volume of the Journal of the Linnean Society. Mr. Whyte
paid special attention to rubber-yielding plants, especially those
belonging to the order Apocynaceae ; the most important are
accurately figured.

Botanical Magazine for July.— The plants figured are: Euphorbia
procumbensy Mill., Deutzia WiUotiiy Duthie, Paphiopedilum
gtaucaphyllum^ J. J. Smith, Ourania malacophylla^ Cogn., and
Genista cinei^ea^ DC. The Eu2)horbia is a dwarf, succulent. South
African species, allied to E. Caput-mediMae^ Linn., but diffei*s in
having brightly coloured lobes to the involucres. The specimen
figured is in the possession of Mr. Justus Corderoy, of Didcot.
Deutzia WiUoni is a free-flowering new species from Western
China, diflfering only very slightly from D. discolor y Hemsl. The
material from which the drawing was prepared was supplied by
Messrs. J. Yeitch & Sons. Paphiopedilum glaucophylluniy a
recent introduction from Java, resembles the well-known
P. chamberlainianumy Pfitzer, from which it is distinguished by
having uniformly coloured, glaucous and broader leaves, and
pubescent petals. The Kew plant was purchased from Messrs. F,
Sander & Sons. It remains in flower for a long time. Chtrania is
a curious cucurbitaceous genus, tiie species of which are usually, if
not always, dicecious, and mostly, as in the case of Q. maUtcophylla^
known only in the male form. This species is a native of the
Upper Amazons, and was figured from a specimen communicated
by Mr. Ed. Andr^, who had it in cultivation as G. eriantha^ Cogn.,
a species with a spicate, not a globose, inflorescence. The Genista
is a small, free-flowering shrub, '^ a characteristic constituent of the
bush vegetation and the underwood of the forests of the western
Mediterranean region." It has been in cultivation for many years,
but is apparently not well-known.

Flora of Tropical Africa.— With the issue of Part III. of Section 2
the fourth volume of the Flora of Tropical Africa has been
completed. It contains the conclusion of the Scrophulariceae
Opp. 385-466) by Mr. W. B. Hemsley and Mr. S. A. Skan, the
urobanchaceae (p]p. 462-i68)yLenttbulariaceae (pp. 468-499) and
Pedalineae (pp. .538-570) by Dr. 0. Stapf, the Gesneraceae (pp. 499-
512) by Mr. J. 6. Baker and C. B. Clarke, and the Bignoniaceae
(pp. 512-538) by Mr. T. A. Sprague, and "Addenda" (pp. 571-575),

The Tropical African genera of ScrophtUariaeeae are now
brought up to 54 with 368 species. In this part 29 species of

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Scrophulanaceae are described for the first time, by Mr. Skan,
but no new genus is added. There are four genera recorded
which are endemic in tropical Africa, but two* of them are very
closely allied to other genera of wide distribation. On the other
hand the nnmber of non-endemic species is surprisingly small.
The tribe Oerardieae^ most species of which are treated in this
part, numbers not less than 179 species or about one-half of all
the tropical African Scrophulariaceae. This is noteworthy as
probably most of them are more or less parasitic. This circum-
stance no doubt also accounts for their absence from our green-
houses, which not a few of them would adorn on account of their
brilliant flowers. To show the enormous extension of our
knowledge of the flora of tropical Africa during the last 25 years,
it may be worth mentioning that almost two-thirds (62*8 per
cent.) of the Tropical African species of this family have only
become known since the beginning of 1881. This is a family
which with few exceptions does not attract the collector very

The Orobanchaceae comprise only two genera, with seven species,
none of them endemic in tropical Africa.

The Lentibulariacecce number 38 species in two genera : UtrU
cularia (with 35 species) and OerUisea. The principal interest is,
of course, in their very peculiar morphology and oecology ; but
one species which differs from all the Old World Utricularias in
that it grows in rapid streams and is destitute of bladders, is also
remarkable in so far as its only near ally lives under similar
conditions in Brazil.

The GesneraceaSy so abundantly developed in South-Eastem Asia,
are very scantily represented in tropical Africa, where only seven
genera, with 33 species, are known. They are, however, geo-
graphically interesting. Four genera (three of them monotypic)
are endemic in tropical Africa, inhabiting mostly very limited
areas, whilst a fifth genus {Streptocarpus^ with 23 species) extends
beyond tropical Africa only as far as extra-tropical Soutti Africa
and Madagascar.

The Bignonidceae comprise ten genera, with 38 species, of
which seven (species of Kigelia) are new. All the genera with
the exception of two, which extend into the Indo-Malayan region,
are African, The general tendency of the order towards differentia-
tion into small genera is also evident in the African Bignoniaceae^
only one genus {Kigelid) numbering more than five species.

The PedalineaSy an order limited entirely to the Old World, are
represented by 12 genera, with 53 species, most of which are
endemic in tropical Africa, Of the genera, only two extend
beyond Africa, being represented by a very few species in
Southern India. Out of the 53 species described here, 33, or
almost two-thirds, have only become known within the last
25 years. The order is remarkable on account of the great
diversity of the structure of the fruit ; but many species also
possess handsome and often curiously shaped flowers, and might
with advantage be introduced into cultivation. The best known
member of ttie order— the Sesame plant {Sesamum indicum)^mAj

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now, from its distribution in Africa, and its close relationship to
species endemic in Africa, almost with certainty be considered as
of African origin.

Botanical Survey of Tropical Africa.— The conclusion of the
fourth Tolume of the Flora of Tropical Africa affords an oppor-
tunity for briefly summarising the whole of its contents with
regard to the progress which it marks in the botanical survey
of tropical Africa.

When, in 1891, it was decided to resume the preparation of the
Flora of Tropical Africa^ one volume was assigned to the orders
Oleaceae to Bsdaliaceae . of Bentham and Hooker's ^' Genera
Plantanun.*'. At that time the number of species of those
orders recorded as occuring in tropical Africa might have been
estimated at somewhat over 700. Volume III. contains 1,134
species. Allotting to volume IV. ^ppro^jmately th^ same number
of species, there was therefore a margin for 400 additional species,
corresponding to an increase of 60 per cent. 'But so extraordinary
was the accession of new material during the progress of the
preparation of volume IV!, that in the end the number of species
of the orders reserved for it rose to 2,176, double the original
estimate. That, of course, necessitated the subdivision of the
volume into two parts, each equalling in size an ordinary volume.
The increase was very unequal in different orders — ^as will be
seen from the list given below — ^varying in the larger orders (of
over 100 species) from slightly over 50 per cent, in Solanaceae to
well over 300 per cent, in Apocynacea^y and almost 600 per cent,
in Loganiaceas. The significance of these figures will perhaps
more readily be grasped when we consider that the increase from
813* species known before 1891 to 2,176 known at present means
that for every three species then known, five species have since been
added ; and if we assume that the same proportions hold good in
the case of the orders dealt with in the first three volumes of the
Flora of Tropical Africa^ these orders would, if worked out at
present, fill at least eight volumes. That this is by no means an
exaggerated view may be seen firom the fact that the Tropical
African Myrsinaceae and SapotaceaCy which in the third volume
(1877) numbered 11 and 23 species respectively, are, in rclcently
published monographs, represented by 36 and 92 species respec*

This phenomenal increase of our knowledge of the flora of
Tropical Africa since 1891 has been due to several causes. Old
collections of very considerable extent which had only casually
and partially been studied have now been worked up systemati-
cidly {e.g. Barter's West African, Schweinfurth's Sudan, and
Welwitsch's Angola collections) ; fresh collections have poured in
as jiew countries were opened up or the establislmient of botanical

* These figrazes inolnde a number of species which, although known prior
to 1891, were not reoorded from tropical Africa nntii after 1890. To make oat
their exact number would have taken more time than could reasonablr be
spared ; but it probably does not exceed 70 or 80, so that the species of the
orders in question which were known from tropical Africa at the end of 1890
majr be estimated as somewhat over 700.

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stations in the older colonies facilitated a more exhaustive
exploration of their neighbourhood ; finally it was just then that
Germany started with remarkable and well directed energy on the
botanical survey of her colonies, with the result that in not a few
orders 50 per cent or more of all the additions from recent
collections are due to her enterprise.

The following table shows the increase in new species since
1891, distributed over the orders dealt with in volume IV, : —



preyions to



known since



Vol. IV., Sect. 1. iUiued iViw. 1904).

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•• • .« ...





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