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leathery leaves are ovate-orbicular, sharply toothed and gland-
dotted. Its small flowers are rosy, followed by small, oblong, red
fruits, which often remain on the plant till the succeeding year.
The Kew plant — now about seven feet high, trained on a wall —
was raised from seed received from the Harvard Botanic Garden
in 1897. Linospadix Micholitzii, a New Guinea species, is unique
in the genus by reason of its unisexual spadices. Its introduction
to our gardens is due to Messrs. Sander & Sons, by whom a plant
was sent to Kew in 1896. The Mexican Cereus Scheerii has been
in cultivation at Kew for many years. The plant figured flowered
in 1900 and during the two succeeding years. It has since died.
The species was named in commemoration of Mr. Frederick Scheer,
of Kew, the author of " Kew and its Gardens," published in 1840.



Botanical Magazine for October.— The plants figured are : —
Odonotoglossum fiaevium, Lindl., Abies Manesii\ Masters, Blakea
gracilis^ Hemsl., Chloraea virescetis, LindJ., and Pasaifiora
jjunctata, Linn. The Odonioglossum is a Colombian species
allied to O. gloriosunty Lindl. and Reichb., from which it differs
in having undulate sepals and petals, and subhastate lateral lobes
of the lip. The plant figured flowered at Kew in February last.
Ahies Mariesii is a handsome Japanese species which was first
introduced to cultivation by Messrs. James Veitch & Sons
through their collector, the late Mr. Charles Maries. The figure
was prepared from material sent to Kew by Messrs. D. Stalker &
Son, who procured it from a tree growing on the estate of the Earl
of Elgin, at Dumphail, near Nairn. This is believed to be the
first occasion on which the tree has proiluced cones in Britain.
Blakea gracilis^ a Melastomaceous plant, native of Costa Rica,
has rose- white flowers about an inch and-a-half in diameter.
The Kew plant which furnished the material figured was
purchased from Messrs. Lemoine & Sons, of Nancy, in 1904.
Chloraea virescens has been re-introduced from Chili by
Mr. H. J. Elwes, F.R.S., who sent plants to Kew, where they
flowered in April, 1903. Its flowers are large, yellow veined
with green, and are arranged in a dense raceme, four to six inches
long. The Passiflora is a small-flowered species with sublunate
leaves prettily variegated with purple, a native of Colombia,
Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil. The figure was prepared from a*
plant received from the Stat« Botanic Gardens, Brussels, in 1904,
under the name of P. maculata.



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402

Botanical Magazine for Noyember.— Figures and descriptions are
given of the following plants : — Lilium myriophyllum^ Franch.,
Lycaste dyeriana^ Sander, Cotyledon devensis^ N. E. Brown, Rihes
cruentum, Greene, and Pleione yunnanensis, Rolfe. The Lilium
is one of the allies of L. Brownii, F. E. Brown, and is a native
of Ynnnan and North-west Szechuen, having been introduced
into cultivation from the last-named province by Messrs. James
Veitch & Sons, who supplied the material figured. Franchet, when
he described the species, had not seen a bulb, but remarked the
presence of a rhizome. Messrs. Veitch sent a specimen bearing a
bulb. Lycaste dyeriana^ a Peruvian species, is curious in having,
like Cattleya citrina^ Lindl., and a few other Orchids, a pendulous
habit. The plant drawn was received, in 1 903, from the Royal
Botanic Garden, Glasnevin ; it flowers annually at Kew. The
Cotyledon is of garden origin, and is probably a hybrid between
C glaucay Baker, and C. gibhiflora, Baker. The plant is
remarkable in the genus on account of its extraordinary stature,
having a stem fifteen inches high, and oblanceolate leaves eight
to ten inches long, while the flower stems are as much as five to
seven feet long. The Kew plant was received from Messrs.
Dicksons, of Chester, in 1902. Rihes cruentum is a pretty species
belonging to the section Orossularia^ and is a native of the
Western United States. Its globose crimson fruits are armed
with long straight prickles. The material figured was obtained
from a plant purchased from Mr. L. Spaeth in 1899. Pleione
yunnanensiSy from Yunnan, is a new introduction to gardens,
and differs from the species already in cultivation by having
globose-ovoid pseudobulbs and a taller scape. The drawing was
prepared from material sent to Kew by Messrs. Suttons & Sons,
Reading.

Lilium BrowniL— The name Lilium Broivnii has been used for
two different plants ; first by Poiteau in Rev. Horfc. 2me ser., ii.,
496 (1843), for a plant which is synonymous with L. japonicum^
Thunb., Fl. Jap., 133 (1784), and afterwards for another species
by F. E. Brown, a nurseryman at Slough, in whose catalogue the
name first appeared. A description of the Slough plant was
published by Spae in Ann. Soc. Agric. Gand, i., 437, t. 41 (1845),
wl^o quoted as the authority " Brown in litt." In the same year
this plant was also described by Lenxaire and figured in the Flore
des Serres, t. 46, and enumerated by Mielle in his catalogue ; as a
result these writers have sometimes been regarded as the authorities
for the specific name. The plant referred to in the Botanical
Magazine and now extensively grown as L. Brownii^ of which
several colour forms exist, is this L. Brownii of F. E. Brown, not
that of Poiteau.

L. japonicum,, Thunb. (which is confined to Japan), has
glabrous filaments, fewer and irregular bulb-scales, more mem-
branous shortly-petioled leaves, and a more widely campanulate
perianth than L. Brownii, F. E. Br., while the latter has numerous
regularly imbricate bulb-scales, usually sessile leaves and papillose
filaments, and is a native of China and the Corean Archipelago.

C. H. W.



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Flora Oapenflis.— Another part of this work (vol. iv,, seot. 1.,
part iii., pp. 337-480) was issued in October, 1906. It contains
the remainder of the Ericaceae by Mr. N. E. Brown ; the Plumha"
gineae by Mr. C. H. Wright ; the Frimulaceae, Myrsinaceae^ and
Sapotaceae by the late Dr. W. H. Harvey, with additions by
Mr. C. H. Wright ; the Ebenaceae by Mr. W. P. Hiem ; and part
of the Oleaceae by Dr. W. H. Harvey, with additions by Mr. C. H.
Wright. The genera of the Ericacec^^ apart from the genus Ericas
constitnte one of the most difiQcnlt groups in the gamopetalons
flowering plants on account of the often exceeding smallness
and the glutinous nature of the flowers of many of their species.
Twenty-two genera, including four new ones, are described ; and
out of 159 species 66 are new. The Plumbagineae are represented
by eleven species of Statice, three of PlumbagOy and Vogelia
africana. The Primulaceae are represented by three species each
of AnagaUi8 2Lnd Lt/simachia^ by the almost cosmopolitan Samolus
Valerandij and by S. porosus, Thunb., an endemic species. The
Myrsinaceae and Sapolaceae are represented by three genera and
eight species, and three genera and sixteen species, respectively.
The Ebenaceae are relatively numerous, the four genera numbering
collectively 37 species.

The late Dr. Harvey's manuscript is printed almost as he left it,
except as regards the geography. Strange to say, it contains
descriptions of about half-a-dozen new species which nobody had
taken up during the interval of 40 years since it was written.



Manual of the New Zealand Flora.— It is now upwards of 40 years
since Sir Joseph Hooker's * Handbook of the Flora of New Zea-
land ' appeared, and botanists have long felt the want of a new
edition, or a new work, embodying the results of the always active
investigation of the vegetation of that country during this con-
siderable period. In the Kew Bulletin for 1899, p. 21, notice was
taken of the fragmentary Students' Flora of New Zealand^ left
incomplete owing to the lamented death of Professor T. Kirk. It
was then announced that in addition to the publication of the
fragment, arrangements had been made for the preparation of a
Flora of the country on a less comprehensive plan. Now comes
Mr. T. F. Cheeseman's admirable ' Manual,' containing descriptions
of all the native flowering plants, ferns, and lycopods, &c. — in other
words, of all the vascular plants — which shows tiiat there has been
an increase of about one-third in the number of species during the
period indicated. Unfortunately this book does not fully meet
the requirements of local botanists, because New Zealand is in the
peculiar position of sheltering upwards of 600 species of plants of
foreign origin, many of which are exceedingly abundant. Indeed,
in Mr. Cheeseman's words, they now constitute the larger propor-
tion of the Flora in some districts, and there is no part of the
country, however remote, into which some plants of foreign origin
have not penetrated. Mr. Cheeseman gives a list of the colonists,
and expresses a hope that he may be able to publish a companion-
volume dealing with this foreign element, for after all it is as
necessar}' for the botanist to know the aliens as to know the natives.



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404

In the meantime, as a large proportion of them are British, he
recommends students to procure Hooker's Students' Flora of the
British Islands.

W. B. H.



Text-book of Pungi.*— The interest aroused in the fungi by the
methods of investigation initiated by De Bary, and the extreme
importance of a clear understanding of their relations to other
organisms, especially to mankind and to animals and plants of
economic value, have resulted in so rich a harvest that the books
of even a few years ago are quite inadequate guides to the study
of these plants. The old landmarks have been shifted or even
swept away, and old problems have been resolved, but only to be
replaced by new and still more perplexing ones. New methods of
research have opened up new possibilities of advance ; and new
hypotheses have been framed as to the relations and origins of the
several groups. Ideas unfamiliar to the writers of the existing
text-books have found expression, and have been fruitful in
resultfl, which form a starting point for new investigations. Thus
there has arisen a pressing need for a trustworthy guide to the
results of recent years, that should state clearly what has been
established, and indicate problems in need of investigation. Such
a book could be produced only as the fruit of long-continued per-
sonal investigation of the structure and life histories of numerous
types of fungi, and of intimate acquaintance with the writings of
many investigators, scattered through the recent literature of
almost every civilized country. Access to the necessary literature
can only be obtained in a very few libraries. Few botanists
possess the qualifications required in the preparation of such a
work, and there is reason to welcome the Text-book of Fungi
recently issued by Mr. George Massee, whose familiarity with the
fungi has been so amply proved by previous books and papers,
while the library of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew has fur-
nished him with the requisite literature. Even with these
advantages the task must have been a very heavy one. The object
of the book, it is stated in the preface, is to serve as an introduc-
tion to the comparatively new lines of research that have led to so
great an advance in our knowledge of fungi from so many new
standpoints, and also to indicate where fuller information can be
obtained. The field to be surveyed is wide, and one might be
excused a doubt if it were possible in a small manual to give an
adequate account of the many different lines of progress. But a
careful perusal of the book (and it is not one that yields itself to
other than careful study) reveals how thoroughly the author has
studied these plants and the literature that relates to them ; and it
also shows how desirous he is to represent truly the opinions held
by the several writers, while ready at all times to give reasons for
the beliefs held by himself.

The several topics are well armnged, beginning with the cell
and its various parts, passing on to the tissues and the anatomy
and morphology, then to the methods of reproduction, sexual and

♦ Text-book of Fanifi, includiog Morphology, Physioloffy, Pathology, Classifi-
cation, &c., by George Maasee. 8vo. London : Duckworth k Co. 1906.



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405

asexual, the dispersion and germination of the reproductive cells,
the nutrition and eflEects on them of varied environments, en-
zymes, and ferments, parasitism and the relations of the parasites to
their " hosts," symbiosis, various agencies, chemical and physical,
that affect their well-being, and their distribution in space and in
time. A chapter on " personal views in phylogeny " opens up
several important questions, and will be found both interesting
and suggestive, whether the author's views do or do not commend
themselves to the reader. The very important practical questions
of diseases produced by fungi, and the action of the legislature
with a view to checking the spread of disease, receive careful con-
sideration. The last part of the Text-hook is devoted to the
exposition of the systematic groups, in the course of which their
relations to one another are discussed, and reasons are adduced for
the conclusions arrived at. A most valuable feature is a list, at
the close of each section, of all important works relatiug to it.
There are many excellent wood-cuts, which add much to the
value and clearness of the exposition. Mr. Massee deserves the
thanks of students of fungi for having placed at their service an
exceedingly useful and stimulating book, in which they will find
aids to further research.

But there are certain features that should be altered in a future
edition. Among these are occasional obscurities in expression,
which might readily be misunderstood, and would probably be so
by one using the book as an introduction to the fungi. It is at
times difficult to be sure whether some passage states the author's
own view of the question or is quoted by him, but not accepted ;
eg.y on page 68, one might suppose that he accepted the multiple
or polyphyletic origin of fungi from algae, which the statement
of his *' personal views on phylogeny " shows he does not. In
the section on classification the relative subordination of tlie
several grades would be much easier to follow were the names of
families and lower grades not all printed in type of the same size,
a size, by the way, less important, as regards the appearance of the
tjrpe, than the frequent heading in capitals "KEY TO ... "
The names of the families and sub-families alike are made to end
in ece or iece^ so that there is confusion between these grades when
a sub-family of the same name exists within the family, e.g,^ in
^^ Perispoinece,^'* But these are all minor defects, which detract
but slightly from the value of the book as a guide to the study of
fungi. Its usefulness will be greatest to those who already possess
some knowledge of the subject and can appreciate its merits ;
the tyro may find both the terms and the ideas somewhat beyond
his depth for a time.



Kew Bulletin : Additional Series VII.— The various papers dealing
with rubber that have appeared in the Bulletin since 1887 have
been collected as the third instalment of " Selected Papers from
the Kew Bulletin," and issued as the seventh volume of its
"Additional Serie«i." The following preface accompanies the
reprint : —

" The object of the volumes of * Selected Papers from the Kew
Bulletin,* to which the present one belongs, has been explained



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406

in the preface to the first selection of the kind, which deals with
' Vegetable Fibres,' and was issued eight years ago.

"The practical value of previous selections has been so great
that the issue of the present volume, which deals with * Rubber,'
requires no explanation.

" The arrangement of the papers here reprinted from the pages
of the Kew Bulletin is that adopted in the selection which deals
with * Fibres ' ; the notes and papers regarding individual rubber-
yielding plants are given in the sequence adopted in the Oenera
Plantarum of Bentham and Hooker, of the natural families to
which the various species belong. Those few papers, of a general
character, which cannot in their entirety be allocated to particular
natural families, and at the same time cannot conveniently be
divided into sections, precede the more special articles."



Oovernment Botanist, Western Australia.— We learn with regret
of the abolition by the Government of Western Australia of the post
of Government Botanist in the Colony held by Mr. A. Morrison.



Index to Eew Bulletin.~An index to the Bulletin from its
inception in 1887 to the end of the present volume is in course
of preparation. This is being issued as an additional appendix
(Appendix V.) to the volume for 1906, with the object of
enabling those who file the Bulletin to bind the general Index
with the current volume, or to bind it separately, as may suit their
convenience.



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407



INDEX.



Abercaimey, 266.

Abies Mariesii, 401.

Abutilon Cecili, N. E. Brown^

99.
Achatocarpns pnbescens, C. H.

Wright, 6.
Achillea sieheana, Stanfj 73.
Acidanthera Schinzii, Baker ^ 27.
Acrostichum (Polybotrya) si-

nense, Baker^ 14,
Actinidia curvidens, Dunn, 1.

— Henry i, Dunn, 1.

— rubricaulis, Dunn, 2.
Aeranthes ramosa, Rolfe, 87.
Agriculture and the Empire, 94.
Aleurites cordata, 120.

— Fordii, 120.

— triloba, 121.

— trisperma, 119, 121.

Algae, marine, from Corea, 366.
Alniphyllum megaphyllum,

Hemsl et E. H. Wils., 162.
Alsophila costularis. Baker, 8.
Amygdalus leiocarpa, 109.
Androcymbium decipiens, N, E.

Brown, 29.
Andropogon caesius, 341, 360.

— citratus, 297, 322, 357.

— coloratus, 321, 356.

— confertiflorus, 318, 355.

— flexuosus, 319, 356.

— Jwarancusa, 313, 354.

— laniger, 297, 354.

— Martini, 335, 359.

— muricatus, 297, 346, 362.

— Nardus,297,314,354.

— odoratuB, 297, 349, 363.

— polyneuros, 345, 361.

— Schoenanthus, 297, 303, 352.

Anemone (§ Euanemone) Mille-
folium, Hemsl et E. H. Wils.,
149.

— (— ) Wilsoni, Hemsl., 149.



Anisopappus Junodi, Hutchin-
son, 249.

Anthericum (Phalangium) re-
curvifolium. Baker, 28.

An trophy tum petiolatum.
Baker, 14.

Aposphaeria Canavaliae, Massee,
258.

Apple disease, 193.

Appointments, 48, 88, 121, 173,
224, 225, 383.

Arachnanthe annamensis, 126.

Arden, S., 383.

Ardisia gigantifolia, Stapf, 74.

Argyrolobium reflexum, N. E,
Brown, 18.

— variopile, N, E. Brown, 18.
Aristea cuspidata, Schinz, 25.
Aristolochia (Gymnolobus) con-

similis, Masters, 7.

— ( — ) daemoninoxia, Mastern,
6.

— (Polyanthera) flagellata,
Stapf, 80.

Asclepias fornicata, N. E.
Brown, 250.

— semilunata, fibre from, 397.
Ashbourne, 224.
Asparagus Sprengeri, 125.
Aspilia vulgaris, N, E, Brown,

164.
Asplenium (Diplazium] lepto-
phyllum. Baker, 10.

— ( — ) parallelosorum. Baker, 9.

— (Anisogonium'i Sanderi,
Baker, 15.

— (Athyrium)sinense, Baker, 9.
Astragalus brevidentatus, 0. H.

Wright, 200.

— Henry i (with plate), 382.
Auricularia Butleri, Massee, 94.
Australian grass wrack, 397.



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Bulbophyllum Kerrii, Rol/e, 84.




— Mahoni, Rol/e, 32.


B.


Burbidge, F. W., 392.




Burbridge, K. G., 48.


Babiana orthosantha, Baker^ 27.


Burmese glass mosaics, 146.


Badgery, R., 225.


— lacquer ware, 137.


Balucanat^ 111>.


— varnish, 137.


Bambarra ground-nut, 68, 192.


Butyrospermum Parkii, 177.


Baphia nitida, 373.




Barwood, 373.




Bass, Berg, 289.


C.


Beeches, South American, 379.




Beet canker, 49.


Calanthe madagascariensis.


— , diseases of, 49.


Bol/e, 84.


— heart rot, 59.


— Warpuli, Jiol/e, 85.


— leaf spot, 52.


Calathea Gouletii, Stapf, 76.


— mildew, 53.


Callopsis Volkensii, 127.


— rust, 51.


Calonectria gigaspora, Massee,


— scab, 59.


257.


— sickness, 58.


Camel-grass oil, 297, 312. 353.


— , sugar, bacterial disease of, GO.


Camel-hay, 303.


Beetroot tumour, 56.


Campbell, J. W., 383.


Begonia calabarica, Stapf^ 20.


Camwood, 373.


Belgrove, 224.


Cananga odorata, perfume


Bentham, George, 187.


from, 398.


Berberis (§ Mahonia) Veitchi-


Canarium Schweinfurthii, 172.


orum, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils,^


Cape, diseased apples and melons


152.


from, 193.


— verruculosa, Hemsl. et E. H.


— Flora, 186.


was., 151.


Cupucin fruita, 398.


— Wikonae, HemsLy 151.


Cardamine (§Eucardamine)


Berg bass, 289.


Prattii, Hemsl et E. H. IVils.,


Bidens simplicifolia, C. H,


153.


WrighU 5.


Carissa Wyliei, N. E. Brown,


Blair Cjistle, 263.


165.


Blakea gracilis, 401.


Castle Kennedy, 270.


Bolbitius umbonatus, Massee^


Castlewellan, 221.


46.


Catasetum ( § Pseudocatasetum)


Boronia fastigiata, 296.


eburneum, Rol/e, ^^.


Botanical departments, list of


— galeritum, var. pachyglos-


staflPs of, Appendix IV.


sum, 400.


— Magazine, 125, 126, 127, 185,


Cattleya Jenmanii, Uol/e, 85.


237, 296, 400, 401, 402.


Cedars, old, at Kew, 396.


— Survey of Tropical Africa,


Celastrus albatus, N. E, Brown,


239.


16.


Bothriocline inyangana, N. E,


— concinnus, N. E. Brown, 16.


Brown, 107.


Ceramium hamatum, Cotto^i,


Boxwood sundial, primitive, 398.


370,


Brillantaisia Mahoni, C. B.


Cercospora beticola, 52.


Clarke, 251.


Cereus Scheerii, 400.


Bulbophyllum calabar icum.


Ceropegia f usca, 127.


Rolfe, 114.


Cervaritesia glabrata, Stapf, 76.


— capituliflorum, Rol/e, 84.


Ceylon, oil-grasses of, 297.


— Ericssoni, 296.


— , Para rubber, 241.



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Cheeseman, T. F., ' Manual of
New Zealand Flora,' 403.

Cheilanthes (Alenritopteris)
snbrufa, Baker^ 8.

Chilian nut palm, 175.

China, Flora of, 192.

Chinese plants, new, 147.

— wood oil, 117, 398.
Chloraea virescens, 401.
Chlorophytum asphodeloides,

C. H. Wright, 170.

— glabriflorum, (7. R. Wright,
170.

Churchill, G. C, 384.
Churchill herbarium be-
queathed to Kew, 387.
Cissus adenopodus, Sprague, 21 .
Citronella grass, 314, 355.
:- in Java, 363.

— oil, 297, 316, 355.
Clarke, C. B., 271.

Cocculus heterophyllus, Hemsh

et E. H. Wils., 150.
Codonopsis Tangshen, 296.
Coelia densiflora, Rolfe, 375.
Coffee leaf disease, preventive

measures, 36.
Cola acuminata, 89.

— Labogie, 89.

Colax tripteruB, Rolfe, 34.

Colchicum crociflorum, 126.

Colons scaposus, C. H, Wright,
167.

Colletotrichum echinatum,
Massee, 257.

Colorado rubber, 218.

Connaropsis acuminata, H.H. W.
Pearson, 2.

Coquito nut palm, 175.

Corea, marine algae from, 366.

Cotoneaster microphylla natura-
lised in England, 231.

Cotyledon devensis, 402.

Crassula Barklyi, N. A'. Brown,
19.

— sedifolia, N. E. Brown, 20.
Craterellus verrucosus, Masses,

256.
Crinellino stuffing, 289.
Crombie, Rev. J. M., 225.
Crossandrella, C. B. Clarke,

gen. no v., 251.

— laxispicata, (7. J5. Clarke,
251.



CryptophoranthusMoorei, Rol/e,

30.
Cucumis Cecil i, N.-E. Brown,

101.
Cuscuta (SMonogynella) Up-

craftii, H. H» W. Pearson, 5.
Cuviera minor, %C. H, Wright,

105.
Cyanothyrsus sp., 199.
Cymbopogon caesius, 341, 360.

— citratus (with plate), 322, 357.

— coloratus, 321, 356.

— confertiflorus, 318, 355.

— flexuosus, 319, 356.

— Jwarancusa, 313, 354.

— Martini, 335, 359.

— Nardus, 314, 354.

— polyneuros, 345, 361.

— Schoenanthus, 303, 352,
Cynoglossum amabilis, fi'/a///e/

Drummond, 202.
Cynorchis compacta, 125.

— villosa, Rolfe, 88.
Cypripedium tibeticum, 127.

— Wilsoni, Rolfe, 379.
Cystopus bliti, 57.



D.



Daedalea suberosa, Massee, 94.
Daemonorops didymophyllus,
197.

— Draco, 198.

— Draconcellus, 198.

— micranthus, 197.

— propinquus, 198.
Dalkeith Palace, 268.
Daniella thurifera, 199.
Dasyscypha abscondita, Massee,

46.
Davallia (Eudavallia) henryana.
Baker, 8.

— (Leucostegia)rigidula,J5c?Z"^r,
8.

Day, John, drawings of orchids,

177.
Decades Kewenses, 1, 71, 200.
Dendrobium (§Clavipes) anna-

mense, Rolfe, 113.

— (Stachyobium) compactum
Rolfe, 113.

— convolutum, Rolfe, 375.
J — Hodgkinsoni, Rolfe, 32,



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Dendrobium (§Stachyobiura)
Madonnae, Rolfe^ 32.

— (Cadetia) Schinzii, Rolfe^ 31.
Derreen, 222.

Deutzia Wilsoni, 237.
Diagnoses Africanae, 15, 78, 98,

163, 245.
Diandrolyra, Stapfy gen. nov.,



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