King of England James I.

The essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 online

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ON THE EARLY USE OF TOBACCO IN ENGLAND. 119

nothing (some Silkes, and Cloath of Sillier and Gold excepted) but ready
Money, and Siluer plate could content them.

This Trade therefore, where the Treasure of this land is vented for smoke,
cannot but great'y preiudice the Common-weale : which although it \vere in
some sort tollerable, by reason that many shippes and Mariners were employed,
and that thereby wee kept our knowledge of the West Indies, and bred many
sufficient Marrincrs : yet seeing the Spaniards haue now vtterly banished our
Merchants, and put all to the sword, or to a more croell death, which they
can maister, or betray in those parts : I haue thought good, as well for the
keeping within the Land of the Treasure before spoken of, then carried into
the Indies, and now into Spaine, as for other respects htreafter remembred;
to instruct those of our Nation how to sow, plant and perfect this drugge.

For besides the ill exchange mads for this fantastical! merchandize, and
besides, the extreame rate, and price of the Indian Tobacco , of which the
greatest part is sold for ten times the value of pepper, and the best of it,
weight for weight, for the finest siluer; it is hard to find one pound weight
in fiue hundred, that is not sophisticate.

The naturall colour of Tobacco 's a deepc yellow, or a light tawnte : and
when the Indians themsehies sold it vs for Kniues, Hatchets, Beads, Belles,
and like merchandise, it had no other complexion, as all the Tobacco at this
day hath, which is brought from the coast of Guiana, from Saint Vincents,
from Saint J^ncia, from Dominica, and other places, where we buy it but of
the naturall people, and all these sorts are cleane, and so is that of St. Do-
iiiiii Zti, where the Spaniards haue not yet learned the Art of Sophistication.

There is also a sort of Caraccas Tobacco, which the Indians make vj>, and
sell to the Spaniards, which is wholesome enough; but there comes little of
it into England.

Now besides these harmefull mixtures, if our English which delight in
Indian Tobacco, had scene how the Spanish slaucs make it vp, how they dresse
their sores, and pockie vlcers, with the same Tnwasht hands with which they
slubber and annoynt the Tobacco, and call it sauce Perlos ftrres Lutcranos,
for Lutheran dogges, they would not so often draw it into their heads and
through their noses as they doe : yea many a filthy sauour should they find
therein, did not the smell of the himny maister it. which smell euery man
may plainly perceiue that takes, of the blacke roll Tabacco, brought from
Orenoqiie, Trinidado, and else-where.

1616. JOHN DEACON who appears to have been another
Phillip Stubbes dedicated Tobacco tortured ; or the filthie fume
of Tobacco refined: to James I.

This work is in the form of a dialogne between Capnijltts and
Hydrophorus. It is divided into two parts: (i.) The Fume of
Tobacco taken inward, is very pernicious vnto the Body. (2.)
The Fume of Tobacco taken inward, is too too profluuious for
many of our Tobacconists purfes, and moft pernicious to the
publike State.

The following extracts will fhow the nature of the work.

Capn. Alas poore Tobacco, my pretie Tobacco; thou that hast bene hitherto
accompted the Ale-knights armes, the Beere-brewers badge, the Carousers
crest, the Drunkards darling, the Draff e-sacks delight, the Easterlings ensigne,
the Fantasticals foretresse, the Gormandizers glorie, the hungry Hostesses ale-
pole, the Mad-braines merriment, the New-fangles noueltie. the Poope-noddies
p.iramour, the Ruffians reflection, the Swil-boles swine-troffe, the Tinkers
trull, the Tospots protection, the Vintners vintage, and the vn thrifts pasport :
thou must now (I feare me) bee enforced forthwith to take thy farewell to-
wards the vttermpst parts of India, from whence thou were first transported

to England by vicious and wild dispositions / 57-

Hydr. First therefore for the exceeding high rate that this Tobacco hath
euer bene at since the very first arriuall thereof into England, thou thy selfe,
and all our Tobacconists, are able to say this of your owne proper knowledge :



120 ON THE EARLY USE OF TOBACCO IN ENGLAND.

namely, that the same hath vsually bene sold by the pound, for twentie
nobles, fiue, foure, or three pounds : yea and when it came to the lowest
price, it could not bee had vnder foure markes or fortie shillings, which
amounteth to three shillings four pence an ounce at the lea.-t. Is not this
jthinke.st thou an exceeding high rate for filthie Tobacco? . . . p. 61.

tlydr. Concerning therefore that former superfluous and riotous waste, which
those Tobacconists do so wilfully make about their beastly Tobacco fumes,
do tell me in good sadnesse, whether it be not a superfluous waste, for any
man of great place, to paddle forth yearely one hundred pounds at the least,
for an hundred gallons of filthy fumes ? for a Gentleman of meaner condition,
to be at forlie pound annual! expences, about bare fortie pottels of stinking
flames, for a Yeoman, an Husbandman, an Artificer, a Trades-man, a Tinker,
a Shoomaker, or a Cobbler, to bestow weekely some three shillings four-
pence at the least, for but one onely ounce of fantastical fooleries? . . . p. 6x.

Hydr. So as by these meanes they make great noble Persons, but single-
soaled Gentlemen ; well bred Gentelmen, but bare thredded Yeomen ; bounti-
full Yeomen, but beggerly Husbandmen , hospitious Husbandmen, but shifting
Trades-men, artificious Trades-men but conicatching companions , conicatch-
ing companions, but vagabond rogues. Thus thou mayest plainly perceiue
how these their intoxicating Tobacco fumes are able in an vnpeiceiuable and
Circean manner to transforme nobilitie into gentrie, gentrie into yeomanrie,
yeomanrie into husbandry, husbandrie into maunuarie, manuarie into manu-
biarie, manubiarie into a vagrant and retchlesse roguerie, and what not
besides? p. 65.

The CoiinterbLi3te was reprinted this year in Bishop
Montagu's edition of James' IVorkes.

1616. Bishop Montagu publifhed a Latin translation of the
King's works : in which the Counterblajle appears as Mifocapnus,
feu de Abufu Tabacci. This provoked a Polish Jefuit to write
Antimifocapnus, a tract which I have not met with.

\Ve cannot better conclude thefe fcattered notices, than with
the following poem : sometimes called Tobacco Spiritualized : but
which is evidently reprinted in Two Broadjldes, iNic. 1072 : see

No. 4, /. 6.

The India* Weed withered quite.
Green at Noon, cut down at Night ;
Shews thy decay, all Flesh is hay :
Thus think, then drink Tobacco.

The Pipe that is so lilly-white.
Shews Thee to be a mortal Wight,
And euen such gone with a touch :
Thus think, then drink Tobacco.

And when the Smoke ascends on high,
Think thou behold'st the Vanity
Of worldly stuff, gone with a puff:
Thus think, then drink Tobacco.

^ And when the Pipe grows foul within,
Think on the Soul defil'd with Sin,
And then the Fire it doth require :
Thus think, tten drink Tobacco.

The Ashes that are Je/t behind
Miy serve to put thee sti/1 in mind.
That unto Dust return thou must:
Thus think, then drink Tobacco.

Answered by Geargt Withers thus,

Thus think, drink no Tobacco.



Muir & Paterson, Prittters, Edinburgh.



14 DAY USE

IETURN TO DESK FROM WHICH BORROWED



This book is due on the last date stamped below, or

on the date to which renewed.
Renewed books are subject to immediate recall.



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Online LibraryKing of England James IThe essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 → online text (page 10 of 10)