King of England James I.

The essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 online

. (page 4 of 10)
Online LibraryKing of England James IThe essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 → online text (page 4 of 10)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Ane worm bred of her afhe : Though fhe, alace,

(Said he) be brunt, this lacks but plumes and breath

To be lyke her, new gendred by her death.



E envoy.

Apollo then, who brunt with thy reflex
Thine onely fowle, through loue that thou her bure,
Although thy fowle, (whofe name doth end in X)
Thy burning heate on novvayes could indure,
D



50 PHOENIX.

But brunt thereby : Yet will I the procure,
Late foe to P/uznix, now her freind to be :
Reuiuing her by that which made her die.

Draw farr from heir, mount heigh vp through the air,

To gar thy heat and beames be law and neir.

That in this counrrey, which is colde and bair,

Thy gliflring beames als ardent may appeir

As they were oft in Arabic: fo heir

Let them be now, to make ane Phasnix new

Euen of this worme of Phcenix afhe which grew.

This if thow dois, as fure I hope thou fhall,
My tragedie a comike end will haue :
Thy work thou hath begun, to end it all.
Els made ane worme, to make her out the laue.
This Epitaphe, then beis on Phoenix graue.

Here lyeth, vvhome too euen be fur death and end

Apollo hath a longer lyfe her fend.

FINIS.




A' PARAPHRASTICALL

TRANSLATION OVT OF
THE POETE LVCANE.

LVCANVS LIB.

Q V I N T O.

f3?

AEfaris an curfus veflrce fenfire putatis

Damnum pojjfe fiiga ? Velutift cunfta mincntur
Flumina, quos mifcent pelago, fiibdueere fontes :
Non magis ablatis vnquam decreverit (gquor y
Quam mine creftit aquis. An vos momenta putatis
Vila dediffe mihi ?



If all the floods amongft them wold conclude

To flay their courfe from running in the fee :

And by that means wold thinke for to delude

The Ocean, who fould impaired be,

As they fuppofde, beleuing if that he

Did lack their floods, he fliould decreffe him fell :

Yet if we like the veritie to wye.

It pairs him nothing : as I mail you telL



52 LVCANVS LIB. V.

For out of him they are augmented all,

And mofl part creat, as ye fhall perfaue :

For when the Sunne doth fouk the vapours fmall

Forth of the feas, whilks them conteine and haue,

A part in winde, in wete and raine the laue

He render dois : which doth augment their flrands.

Of Ncptuns woll a coate fyne they him weaue,

By hurling to him fafl out ower the lands.

When all is done, do to him what they can
None can perfaue that they do fwell him mair.
I put the cafe then that they neuer ran :
Yet not thelefs that could him nowife pair :
What needs he then to count it, or to cair,
Except their folies wold the more be fhawin ?
Sen though they flay, it harmes him not a hair,
What gain they, thogh they had their courfewithdrawen?

So euen ficlike : Though fubiecls do coniure
For to rebell againft their Prince and King :
By teauing him although they hope to fmure
That grace, wherewith God maks him for to ring,
Though by his gifts he fhaw him felfe bening,
To help their need, and make them thereby gaine :
Yet lack of them no harme to him doth bring,
YVhen they to rewe their folie fhalbe faine.



Lenuoy.

Then Floods runne on your wounted courfe of olde,

Which God by Nature dewly hes prouyded :

For though ye flay, as I before haue tolde,

And cafl in doubt which God hath els decyded :

To be conioynde, by you to be deuyded :

To kythe your fpite, and do the Depe no fkaith .

Farre better were in others ilk confyded,

Ye Floods, thou Depe, whilks were your dewties baith.

FINIS.



AN E S C H O RT

TREATISE,

CONTEINING SOME REVLIS

and cautelis to be obferuit and

efchewit in Scottis

Poefie.




A QVADRAIN OF ALEXANDRIN

VERSE, DECLARING TO QVHOME THE
Authour hes direflit his labour.

To ignorant s obdurde, quhair wilful errour lyis,
Nor zit to curious folks, quhilks carping dois. deiecl thec,
Nor zit to learned men, quha thinks thame onelie viyis,
Bot to the docile bairns of knowledge I direfl thee.




THE PREFACE TO

the Reader,

[HE caufe why (docile Eeader) I haue not
dedicat this fliort treatife to any particular
perfonis, (as commounly workis viis to
be) is, that I efteme all thais quha hes
already forae beginning of knawledge,
with ane earnefl defyre to atteyne to farther, alyke
meit for the reading of this worke, or any vthe'r, quhilk
may help thame to the atteining to thair foirfaid dg;
fyre. Bot as to this work, quhilk is intitulit, TJte
Rculis and cautelis to be obferuit and efchei-vit in Scott is
Poefie, ze may maruell paraventure, quhairfore I fould
haue writtin in that mater, fen fa mony learnit men,
baith of auld and of late hes already written thairof in
dyuers and fmdry languages : I anfwer, That nocht-
withflanding, I haue lykewayis writtin of it, for twa
cauflis : The ane is, As for them that wrait of auld.
lyke as the tyme is changeit fenfyne, fa is the ordour
of Poefie changeit. For then they obferuit not Flow-
///, nor efchewit not Ryming in tcr?nes t befydes fmdrie
vther thingis, quhilk now we obferue, and efchew, and
dois weil in fa doing : becaufe that now, quhen the
warld is waxit auld, we haue all their opinionis in writ,
quhilk were learned before our tyme, befydes our awin
ingynis, quhair as they then did it onelie be thair awin
ingynis, but help of any vther. Thairfore, quhat I
fpeik of Poefie now, I fpeik of it, as being come to \
mannis age and perfeclioun, quhair as then, it was bot '.
in the infancie and chyldheid. The vther caufe is,
That as for thame that hes written in it of late, there
hes neuer ane of thame written in our language. For
albeit fmdrie hes written of it in Englifh, quhilk is lykeft
to our language, zit we differ from thame in fmdrie reulis
of Poefie, as ze will find be experience. I haue lyke-
wayis omittit dyuers figures, quhilkis are neceflare to
be vfit in verfe. for two caufis. The ane is, becaufe
they are vfit in all languages, and thairfore are fpokin
of be Du Bcllay, and fmdrie vtheris, quha hes written



THE PREFACE. 55

in this airt. Quhairfore gif I wrait of them alfo, it
fould feme that I did bot repete that, quhilk they
haue written, and zit not fa weil, as they haue done
already. The vther caufe is, that they are figures of
Rhetorique and Dialeclique, quhilkis airtis I profeffe
nocht, and thairfore will apply to my felfe the counfale,
quhilk Apelles gaue to the fhoomaker, quhen he faid to
him, feing'him find fait with the fhankis of the Image
of Venus, efter that he had found fait with the pantoun,
Ne filter vltra crepidam.

I will alfo wifti zow (docile Reidar) that or ze
cummer zow with reiding thir reulis, ze may find in
zour felf fie a beginning of Nature, as ze may put in
praclife in zour verfe many of thir foirfaidis preceptis,
or euer ze fie them as they are heir fet doun. For gif
Nature be nocht the cheif worker in this airt, Reulis
wilbe bot a band to Nature, and will mak zow within
fhort fpace weary of the haill airt : quhair as, gif
Nature be cheif, and bent to it, reulis will be ane help
and flaff to Nature. I will end heir, left my preface
be langer nor my purpofe and haill mater following :
wifhing zow, docile Reidar, als gude fucces and great
proffeit by reiding this fhort treatife, as I tuke earnift
and willing panis to blokjt, as ze fie, for zour caufe.
Fare weill.

I Haue infert in the hinder end of this Treatife,
maift kyndis of verfis quhilks are not cuttit or
brokin, bot alyke many feit in euerie lyne of the verfe,
and how they are commounlynamit,with myopinioun for
quhat fubiectis ilk kynde of thir verfe is meiteft tobe vfit.

7^ O knaw the quantitie of zour lang or fhort fete in
they lynes, quhilk I haue put in the reule,
quhilk teachis zow to knaw quhat is Flowing, I haue
markit the lang fute with this mark, and
abone the heid of the fhorte fute, I
haue put this mark <j .



SONNET OF THE AVTHOVR

TO THE READER.

g*

",Q En for zour faik I vvryte upon zour airt,
kJ Apollo, Pan, and zed Mufis nyne,

And thou, o Mercure, for to help thy pairt

I do implore, fen thou be thy ingyne,

Ni-xt efter Pan had found the quhiffill, fyne

Thou did perfyte, that quhilk he bot ejpyit :

And efter that made Argus for to tyne

(quha kepit lo] all his i-cindois by it.

Concurre ze Gods, it can not be deny it :

Sen in your airt of Poefie'I ttvyte.

Auld birds to learne by teiching it is try it :

Sic docens difcans gif ze help to dyte.

Then Reidar fie of nature thou haue pairt,
Syne laikis thou nocht, bot heir to reid the airt.



SONNET DECIFRING

THE PERFYTE POETE.



. Ne rype ingym, one quick and iwalkned i-ciit,

With fommair reafons, fuddenlie applyit,

^3 For euery purpofe ifing reafons fit t,
Withjkilfulnes, -There learning may befpyit,
With pit hie wordis, for to expres zow by it
His full intention in his proper leid,
The pur it ie qu hair of, vceill hes he tryit :
With memorie to keip quhat he dots reid,
Withfkilfulnes and Jiguris, quhilks proceid
From Rhetorique, vcith cuerlajlingfame,
With rthers 'tvoundring, preaffing with all fpeid
For to atteine to meritefic a name.
All thir into the perfyte Poete be.
Goddis, grant I may obtcine tfie Laurcll trie.



57



THE REVLIS AND C A V-

TELIS TO BE OBSERVIT

and efchewit in Scottis

Poefie,




CAP. I

IRST, ze fall keip iuft cullouris,
quhairof the cautelis are thir.

That ze ryme nocht twyfe in
ane fyllabe. As for exemple, that
ze make not/ra/^and reprone ryme
together, nor hone for houeing on
hors bak, and behouc.

That ze ryme ay to the hinmefl
lang fyllable, (with accent) in the lyne, fuppofe it be
not the hinmeft fyllabe in the lyne, as bakbyte zow,
and out flyte zow, It rymes in byte andfly/e, becaufe
of the lenth of the fyllabe, and accent being there, and
not in zow, howbeit it be the hinmeft fyllabe of
ather of the lynis. Or queftion and digc/lion, It rymes
in qnes and ges, albeit they be bot the antepenult
fyllabis, and vther twa behind ilkane of thame.

Ze aucht alwayis to note, That as in thir foirfaidis, or
the lyke wordis, it rymes in the hinmefl lang fyllabe
in the lyne, althoucht there be vther fhort fyllabis be-
hind it, Sa is the hinmefl lang fyllabe the hinmefl
fute, fuppofe there be vther fhort fyllabis behind it,
quhilkis are eatin vp in the pronounceing, and na way is
comptit as fete.

Ze man be war likewayis (except necefsitie compell
yow) with Ryming in Tennis, quhilk is to fay, that
your firfl or hinmeft word in the lyne, exceid not twa
or thre fyllabis at the maifl, vfmg thrie als feindill as
ye can. The caufe quhairfore ze fall not place a lang
word firfl in. the lyne, is, that all lang words hes ane



58 REVLIS AND CAVTELIS

%

fyllabe in them fa verie lang, as the lenth thairof eatis
vp in the pronouncing euin the vther fyllabes, quhilks ar
placit lang in the fame word, and thairfore fpillis the
flowing of that lyne. As for exemple, in this word,
Arabia, the fecond fyllable(ra) is fa lang, that it eatis
vp in the prononcing [a] quhilk is the hinmeft fyllabe
of the fame word. Quhilk [a] althocht it be in a lang
place, zit it kythis not fa, becaufe of the great lenth of
the preceding fyllable (ra). As to the caufe quhy ze
fall not put a lang word hinmeft in the lyne, It is, be-
caufe, that the lenth of the fecound fyllabe (ra) eating
vp the lenth of the vther lang fyllabe, [a] makis it to
ferue bot as a tayle vnto it, together with the fhon
fyllabe preceding. And becaufe this tayle nather fer-
uis for cullour nor fute, as I fpak before, it man be
thairfore repetit in the nixt lyne rvming vnto it, as it
is fet doune in the firft : quhilk makis, that ze will
fcarcely get many wordis to ryme vnto it, zea, nane at
all will ze finde to ryme to fmdrie vther langer wordis.
Thairfore cheifly be warre of inferting fie lang wordis
hinmeft in the lyne, for the caufe quhilk I laft allegit.
Befydis that nather firft nor laft in the lyne, it keipis
na Flailing. The reulis and cautelis quhairof are
thir, as followis.



CHAP. II.

jIRST, ze man vnderftand that all fyllabis
are deuydit in thrie kindes : That is,
fome fchort, fome lang, and fome indiffer-
ent. Be indifferent I meane, they quhilk
ere ather lang or fhort, according as ze
place thame.

The forme of placeing fyllabes in verfe, is this.
That zour firft fyllabe in the lyne be fhort, the
fecond lang, the thrid fhort, the fourt lang, the fyfi
fhort, the fixt lang, and fa furth to the end of the
lyne. Ahvayis tak heid, that the nomber of zour fete




OF SCOTTIS POESIE. 59

in euery lyne be euin, and nocht odde : as four, fix,
aucht, or ten : and not thrie, fyue, feuin, or nyne,
except it be in broken verfe, quhilkis are out of reul and
daylie inuentit be dyuers Poetis. Bot gif ze wald afk
me the reulis, quhairby to knaw euerie ane of thir thre
foirfaidis kyndis of fyllabes, I anfwer, Zour eare man
be the onely iudge and difcerner thairof. And to
proue this, I remit to the iudgement of the fame,
quhilk of thir twa lynis following flowis bed,



- U <~> -



Into the Sea then Lucifer vpfprang.



In the Sea then Lucifer to vfprang.

I doubt not bot zour eare makkis zou eafilie to
perfaue, that the firfl lyne flowis weil, and the vther
nathing at all. The reafoun is, becaufe the firfl.
lyne keips the reule abone written, to wit, the firfl
fute fliort, the fecound lang, and fa furth, as I fhewe
before : quhair as the vther is direcl contrair to the
fame. Bot fpecially tak heid, quhen zour lyne is of
fourtene, that zour Seclioun in aucht be a lang mono-
fyllabe, or ellis the hinmefl fyllabe of a word alwais
being lang, as I faid before. The caufe quhy it man
be ane of thir twa, is, for the Mufique, becaufe that
quhen zour lyne is ather of xiiij or xij fete, it wilbe
drawin fa lang in the finging, as ze man reft in the
middes of it, quhilk is the Seclioun : fa as, gif zour
SecJioun be nocht ather a monofyllabe, or ellis the
hinmefl fyllabe. of a word, as I faid before, bot the
firfl fyllabe of a polyfyllabe, the Mufique fall make zow
fa to reft, in the middes of that word, as it fall cut the
ane half of the word fra the vther, and fa fall mak it
feme twa different wordis, that is bot ane. This aucht
onely to be obferuit in thir foirfaid lang lynis : for
the fhortnes of all fhorter lynis, then thir before men-
tionat, is the caufe, that the Mufique makis na reft.
in the middes of thame, and thairfore thir obferuationis



60 REVLIS AND CAVETLIS

feruis nocht for tharae. Onely tak heid, that the
Seclioun in thame kythe fomething langer nor any
vther feit in that lyne, except the fecound and the lafl,
as I haue faid before.

Ze man tak heid lykewayis, that zour langefl lynis
exceid nochte fourtene fete, and that zour shorteft be
nocht within foure.

Remember alfo to mak a Seftioun in the middes of
euery lyne, quhether the lyne be lang or fhort. Be
Seflioun I mean, that gif zour lyne be of fourtene fete,
zour aucht fute, man not only be langer then the
feuint, or vther fhort fete, but alfo langer nor any
vther lang fete in the fame lyne, except the fecound
and the hinmeft. Or gif your lyne be of twelf fete, zour
Seftioun to be in the fext. Or gif of ten, zour Seflioun
to be in the fext alfo. The caufe quhy it is not in
fyue, is, becaufe fyue is odde, and euerie odde fute
is fhort. Or gif your lyne be of aucht fete, zour
Seflioun to be in the fourt. Gif of fex, in the fourt
alfo. Gif of four, zour Seclioun to be in t\va.

Ze aucht likewife be war with oft compofmg
zour haill lynis of monofyllabis onely, (albeit our
language haue fa many, as we can nocht weill efchewe
it) becaufe the maifl pairt o'f thame are indifferent,
and may be in fhort or lang place, as ze like. Some
wordis of dyuers fyllabis are likewayis indifferent, as

Thairfore, rejlore.
I tfiairfore, then.

In the firfl, thairfore, (thair) is fhort, and (fore) is
lang : In the vther, (thair) is lang, and (fore) is mort,
and zit baith flowis alike weill. Bot thir indifferent
wordis, compofit of dyuers fyllabes, are rare, fuppofe
in monofyllabes, commoun. The caufe then, quhy
ane haill lyne aucht nocht to be compofit of mono-
fyllabes only, is, that they being for the maifl pairt
indifferent, nather the fecound, hinmeft, nor Seclioun,
will be langer nor the other lang fete in the fame lyne.



OF SCOTTIS POESIE. 61

Thairfore ze man place a word compofit of dyuers
fyllabes, and not indifferent, ather in the fecound,
hinmeft, or Seftiowi, or in all thrie.

Ze man alfo tak heid, that quhen thare fallis any
fhort fyllabis efter the lafl lang fyllabe in the lyne,
that ze repeit thame in the lyne quhilk rymis to the
vther, even .as ze fet them downe in the firft lyne : as
for exempill, ze man not fay

Then feir nocht
Nor heir ocht.

Bot

Then feir nochi
Nor heir nocht.

Repeting the fame, nocht, in baith the lynis : becaufe
this fyllabe, nocht, nather feruing for cullour nor fute,
is bot a tayle to the lang fute preceding, and thairfore
is repetit lykewayis in the nixt lyne, quhilk rymes vnto
it, euin as it fet doun in the firft.

There is alfo a kynde of indifferent wordis, afweill
as of fyllabis, albeit few in nomber. The nature quhair-
of is, that gif ze place thame in the begynning of a
lyne, they are fhorter be a fute, nor they are, gif ze
place thame hinmeft in the lyne, as

Sen patience I man haue perforce.
I Hue in hope with patience.

Ze fe there are bot aucht fete in ather of baith thir
lynis aboue written. The caufe quhairof is, that
patience, in the firft lyne, in refpecl it is in the be-
ginning thairof, is bot of twa fete, and in the laft lyne,
of thric, in refpect it is the hinmeft word of that lyne.
To knaw and difcerne thir kynde of wordis from
vtheris, zour eare man be the onely iudge, as of all the
vther parts of Flowing, the verie twicheftane quhair-
of is Mufique.

I haue teachit zow now fhortly the reulis of Ryming,




62 REVLIS AND CAVTELIS

fete, and Flov-'ing. There reflis yet to teache zow the
worclis, fentences, and phrafis neceflair for a Poete to
vfe in his- verfe, quhilk I haue fet doun in reulis, as
efter followis.



CHAP. III.

jjlrft, that in quhatfumeuer ze put in verfe,
ze put in na wordis, ather metri caufa, or
zit, for filling furth the nomber of the
fete, hot that they be all fa neceflare, as
ze fould be conftrainit to vfe thame, in
cace ze were fpeiking the fame purpofe in profe.
And thairfore that zour wordis appeare to haue cum
out willingly, and by nature, and not to haue bene
thrawin out conftrainedly, be compulfioun.

That ze efchew to infert in zour verfe, a lang rable
of mennis names, or names of tounis, or fik vther
names. Becaufe it is hard to mak many lang names
all placit together, to flow weill. Thairfore quhen
that fallis out in zour purpofe, ze fall ather put bot
twa or thrie of thame in euerie lyne, mixing vther
wordis amang thame, or ellis fpecifie bot twa or thre
of them at all, faying (With t/ie laif of that race) or
( With the rest in thay pairtis^) or fie vther lyke wordis :
as for example,

Out through his cairt, quhair Eous zi'as eik
With other thre, quhilk Phaeton had drazi'in.

Ze fie thair is bot ane name there fpecifeit, to feme
for vther thrie of that forte.

Ze man alfo take heid to frame zour wordis and
fentencis according to the mater : As in Flyting
and Inuedtiues, zour wordis to be cuttit fhort, and
hurland ouer heuch. For thais quhilkis are cuttit fhort,
I meane be fie wordis as thir,



OF SCOTTIS POESIE. 63

Jis neir cair,
for

I fall ncuer arir, gif zour fubiecl
were of loue, or tragedies. Becaufe in thame zour
words man be drawin lang, quhilkis in Flyting man
be (hort.

Ze man bykewayis tak heid, the ze waill zour wordis
according to the purpofe : As, in ane heich and learnit
purpofe, to vfe heich, pithie, and learnit wordis.

Gif zour purpofe be of loue, To vfe commoun lan-
guage, with fome paffionate wordis.

Gif zour purpofe be of tragical! materis, To vfe
lamentable wordis, with fome heich, as rauifhit in
admiratioun.

Gif zour purpofe be of landwart effairis, To vfe cor-
ruptit and vplandis wordis.

And finally, quhatfumeuer be zour fubiecl, to vfe
Tocabula arfis, quhairby ze may the mair viuelie repre-
fent that perfoun, quhais pairt ze paint out.

This is likewayis neidfull to be vfit in fentences, als
weill as in wordis. As gif zour fubiecl: be heich and
learnit, to vfe learnit and infallible reafonis, prouin be
neceffities.

Gif zour fubiecl be of loue, To vfe wilfull reafonis,
preceding rather from paffioun, nor reafoun.

Gif zour fubiecl be of landwart effaris, To vfe
fklender reafonis, mixt with groffe ignorance, nather
keiping forme nor ordour. And fa furth, euer framing
zour reafonis, according to the qualitie of zour fubiecl..

Let all zour verfe be Literall, fa far as may be,
quhatfumeuer kynde they be of, botfpeciallie Tumbling
verfe for flyting. Be Literall I meane, that the maift
pairt of zour lyne, fall rynne vpon a letter, as this
tumbling lyne rynnis vpon F.

Fetching fude for to feid it fast furth of the Farie.

Ze man obferue that thir Tumbling verfe flowis not
on that faffoun, as vtheris dois. For all vtheris keipis
the reule quhilk I gaue before, To wit, the firft fute
fhort the fecound lang, and fa furth. Quhair as thir




64 REVLIS AND CAVTEL1S

hes twa fhort, andane lang throuch all the lyne, quhen
they keip ordour : albeit the maift pairt of thame be
out of ordour, and keipis na kynde nor reule of Flowing,
and for that caufe are callit Tumbling verfe : except
the fhort lynis of aucht in the hinder end of the verfe,
the quhilk flowis as vther verfes dois, as ze will find in
the hinder end of this buke, quhair I gaue exemple of
fmdrie kyndis of verfis.



CHAP. IIII.

|ARK alfo thrie fpeciall ornamentis to verfe,
quhilkis are, Comparifons, Epithetis, and
Prouerbis.

As for Comparifons, take heid that they
be fa proper for the fubie<fl, that nather
they be ouer bas, gif zour fubiecl be heich, for then
fould zour fubieci \Comparifoun?\ difgrace zour Com-
parifoun [fubject?], nather zour Comparifoun be heich
quhen zour fubiecl: is baffe, for then fall zour Compari-
foun [fubjecl?] difgrace your fubiecl \Compar if on nt\
Bot let fie a mutuall correfpondence and fimilitude be
betwix them, as it may appeare to be a meit Compari-
foun for fie a fubiect, and fa fall they ilkane decore
vther.

As for Epithetis, It is to defcryue brieflie, en paffant,
the naturall of euerie thing ze fpeik of, be adding the
proper adie<ftiue vnto it, quhairof there are twa faffons.
The ane is, to defcryue it, be making, a corruptit worde,
compofit of twa dyuers ample wordis, as

Apollo gyde-Sunne
The vther faffon, is, be Circumlocution, as

Apollo reular of the Sunnc.

I efteme this laft faffoun befl, Becaufe it expreffis
the authoris meaning als weill as the vther, and zit
makis na corruptit wordis, as the vther dois.

As for the Prouerbis, they man be proper for the
fubiedt, to beautifit it, chofen in the fame forme as the
Comparifoun,



OF SCOTTIS POESIE. 65



CHAP V.




\T is alfo meit, for the better decoratioun of
the verfe to vfe fumtyme the figure of
Repetitioun, as

Qnhylis toy rang,
Qiihylis noy rang. o>v.

Ze fie this word quhylis is repetit heir. This forme
of repetitioun fometyme vfit, decoris the verfe very
mekle. zea quhen it cummis to purpofe, it will be
cumly to repete fie a word aucht or nyne tymes in a
verfe.

CHAP. VI.

ZE man alfo be warre with oompofing ony thing
in the fame maner, as hes bene ower oft vfit of
before. As in fpeciall, gif ze fpeik of lone, be
warre ze defcryue zour Louts makdome, or her fairnes.
And ficlyke that ze defcryue not the morning, and ryfing
of the Sunne, in the Preface of zour verfe : for thir
thingis are fa oft and dyuerflie writtin vpon be Poetis
already, that gif ze do the lyke, it will appcare, ze bot
imitate, and that it cummis not of zour a win Iniicntioiiii,
quhilk is ane of the cheif properteis of ane Poete.
Thairfore gif zour fubiecl; be to prayfe zour Lone, ze
fall rather prayfe hir vther qualiteis, nor her fairnes, 01
hir fliaip : or ellis ze fall fpeik fome lytill thing of it,
and fyne fay, that zour wittis are fa final, and zour
vtterance fa barren, that ze can not difcryue any part
of hir worthelie : remitting alwayis to the Reider, to
iudge of hir, in refpecl fho matches, or rather excellis
Venus, or any woman, quhome to it fall pleafe zow to
compaire her. Bot gif zour fubiecl be fie, as ze man
fpeik fome thing of the morning, or Sunne ryfing, tak
heid, that quhat name ze giue to the Sunne, the Mone,
or vther Harris, the ane tyme, gif ze happin to wryte
E




66 REVLIS AND CAVTELIS

thairof another tyme, to change thair names. As gif ze
call the Sunne Titan, at a tyme, to call him Phoebus or
Apollo the vther tyme, and ficlyke the Mone, and vther
Planettis.

CHAP. VII.

fOT fen Invention, is ane of the cheif vertewis


1 2 4 6 7 8 9 10

Online LibraryKing of England James IThe essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 → online text (page 4 of 10)