King of England James I.

The essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 online

. (page 7 of 10)
Online LibraryKing of England James IThe essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 → online text (page 7 of 10)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

met with them. The ftory may poflibly have been connected
with other names befides Tarleton, the \Velflnnan, and Raleigh.

Oldys, in quoting the legend, remarks.

This I say, if true, has nothing in it of more surprising or unparallel'd
simplicity, than there was in that poor Norwegian, who upon the first sight
of Roses could not be induced to touch, tho' he saw them grow, being so
amazed to behold trees budding with fire ; or, to come closer by way of
retaliation, than there was in those Virginians themselves, who, the first
time they seized upon a quantity of Gun-powder which belong'd to the English
colony, si'w'd it for grain, or the seed of spine strange vegetable in the earth,
with full expectation of reaping a plentiful crop of combustion by the next
harvest to scatter their enemies. Life of Sir W. Raleigh, xxxi. Ed. 1736.

6. \Ve may conclude this firing of ftories, with a trufhvorthy
account of Sir W. Raleigh's Tobacco Box. OLDYS in his Life,
xxxi. Note e, Ed. 1736, tells us, that

Being ^ at Leeds in Yorkshire, soon after Mr. Ralph Thoresby the anti-
quary died, Anno 1725. I saw his Musieum; and in it, among other rarities,
what himself has publickly call'd (in the catalogue thereof, annexed to his
antiquities of that town) Sir Walter Ralegh's tobacco box. From the best
of my memory, I can resemble its outward appearance to nothing more


nearly than one of our modern Muff-cases; about the same height and width,
cover'd with red leather, and open'd at top but with a hinge, I think like
one of th*=e. In the inside, there was a cavity for a receiver of glass or
metal, which might hold half a pound or a pound of tobacco ; and from the
edge of the receiver at top, to the edge of the box, a circular stay or collar,
with holes in it, to plant the tobacco about, with six or eight pipes to smoke
it in. This travelling box, with the MSS. Medals and other rarh:
company, descending to a young clergyman, the son of the deceased, was
soon after reported to have been translated to London.

V. The general credence and aflbciation of Smoking with
Sir \V. Raleigh being remembered ; may it not be taken as proof
of a malignancy towards him even thus early on the part of
the Writer of the Countcrblajle ; in that he depreciates ' the firfl
Author' as neither King, great Conqueror, nor learned Doctor
of Phyficke,' and affirms the cuftome to be 'brought in by a
father fo generally hated ;' in that he wilfully or ignorantly falfi-
fies the hiftory of the Introduction of Tobacco ; concocting a de-
grading ftory for his purpofe.

VI. We have now but to notice the early beginnings of the
Tobacco Controverfy, which fometimes {lumbering, fometimes
raging has lafted to our own time, and will yet go on. It
created a larger early Tobacco literature in England than is gene-
rally thought, or than we have been able to trace. It raged over
Europe as well as in England.

And here we may exprefs fume aftonifhment that no one among
the countlefs myriads of Smokers, has ever written a Hiftory of
the Tobacco Literature and of the progrefs of Smoking through
civilized and uncivilized communities, even unto this laft age,
wherein the Whahabees of Arabia punim it, under the name of
Drinking the /hameritl with death. Of (ketches there are feveral .
Mr. F. Tiedeman has given an excellent one of the general
Introduction of the plant into Europe, in his Gefckichte des Ta-
baks, etc., Frankfort, 1852. Mr. F. W. Fairholt in his Hijlory
of Tobacco, London 1842, has given a good instalment towards a
Hiftory of the fubject: while A Paper: of Tobacco, by Jofeph
Fume [W. A. Chatto] London, 1832, is a flighter ftudy ftill.
Another work, - / Pinch of Snuff, London, 1837, I have been
unable to meet with. Dr. H. W. Cleland in his privately printed
work On the Hiftory and Properties, Chemical and Medical, of
Tobacco, Glasgow. July 1840 which work also we have not had
the advantage of confulting gives a lift of 150 works on this
fubject All thefe modern works are but helps to the future Hif-
toriaii of Tobacco.

VII. To thefe ; we can add here but another iketch of the
earlier Controverfy ; and that a very limited one. It will be con-
venient to give the notices under each year : dwelling more par-
ticularly on thofe which incidentally illuftrate the growth of the
Habit, as well as the progrefs of the Controverfy. .


1587. De Herba Panacea, written by GILES EVAEARD, latinized
^EGIDIUS EVERARDUS, may be juft mentioned : becaufeit formed
the text of a larger Englifh work, Panacea : published in London
in 1659.

1595. WILLIAM BARLEY had a licence to print a Treatife de-
scribing the nature of Tobacco. Herbert's Ames, it. 277.

1596. BEN JONSON, in Ererv Alan in his Humour, Act in.
Sc. 2, acted on 25th November 1596, thus very skilfully represents
both sides of tlje controversy, in the speeches of fiobaJillii and Cob.

Bobadilla. Body of me : here's the remainder of seuen p und, since yes-
terday was seuennight. It's your right Trinidado : did you neuer take any,
signior ?

Stephana. No truly sir ? but i'le learne to take it now, since you commend
it so.

Bobadilla. Signior beleeue me, 'vpon my relation 1 for what I tel you, the
world shall not improue. I haue been in the Indies .where tins horbe growes)
where neither my selfe, nor a dozen Gentlemen more :of my kn.. lodge haue
receiued the taste of any other nutriment, in the world, for the space of one
and twentie weekes, but Tabacco onely. Therefore it cannot be but 'tis
most diuine. Further, take it in the nature, in the true kinde so, it makes an
Antidote, that had you taken the most deadly poysonous simple in all Flor-
ence, it should expell it, and clarifie you, with as much ease, as I speak.

And for your greene wound, your Balsamiint, and your are all meere

gulleries, and trash to it, especially your Trinidada; your AYr. >cr>ti<tn is
good too : I could say what I know of the verttie of it, for the exposing < f
rewmes, raw humors, crudities, obstructions, with a thousand of this kind ;
but I professe my selfe no quacke-saluer : only thus much : by Hercules I
doe holde it, and will affirme it (before any Prince in Kurope) to be the most
foiieraigne, and pretious herbe, that euer the earth tendred to the vse of

Immediately afterwards ; he'makes Cob reprefent the other side.

Cob. By gods deynes : I marie what pleasure or feiicitie they haue in
taking this rogish Tabacco : it's good for nothing but to choake a man, and
fill him full of smoake, and imbers: there were foure died out of one house
last weeke with taking of it, and two more the bell went for yester-night,
one of them ithey say) will ne're scape it, he voyded a bushell of soote yes-
ter-day, vpward and downeward By the stockes ; and there \\ .-re no wiser
men then I, I'ld haue it present death, man or woman, that should but deale
with a Tabacco pipe ; why, it will stifle them all in the'nd as many as vse
it ; it's little better than rats bane. Ed. 1601.

(3.) Tobacco is faid not to be alluded to by Shakefpeare or in
the Arabian Nights.

(4. ) It is often noticed by other Englifh dramatifts : as Dekker
and others later on. See alfo Malone, Hift. Ace. of the En^lifli
Sta^s, /. 5*4.

1597. THOMAS GERARD, ' Master in Chiurvrgerie,' figures and
defcribes the Tobacco plant in The Herbal or General Histoire of
Plantes, Bk. ii. pp. 285-9.

1597. Bp. JOSEPH HALL publishes his Satires, in which he al-
ludes to Tobacco Smoking, Bk. iv. Sat. 4 ; Bk. v. Sat. 2.

1598. PAUL HENTZNER, in his Latin Ilinerariiim under
Augufl 1598, has a paffage, of which the following is a tranfla-
tion by Mr. W. B. Rye :

At these spectacles, and everywhere else, the English are constantly smok-
ing the Nicotian weed, which in America is called Tobaca others call it
Pcetum [i.e. Petun, the Brazilian name for Tobacco, from which the allied


beautiful plar i its appellation.] and generally in dlis

pes on purpose made of clay, into the farther end of

which they pu: dry that it may be nibbed into powder, and

lighting it, they draw the smoke into their mouths, which they puff out again
through their nostrils like funnels, along with it plenty of phlegm and de-
fluxioa from the head. England as teen by Foreigners, p. 216, ed. 1865.

1599. HENRY BVTTES, M.A. and Fellow of C.C.C., in Clam-
bridge], wrote a strange work, Diets Dry Dinner, of which title
he gives this explanation

Dyets dry Dinner. That is, varietie of Fare ; prouided, prepared and or-
dered, at Dyets own prescription : whose seruant and Attendant at this feast
1 professe my selfe. Thusf.r \DryDinner,

not only Caninum Pruadiam, without N\ ine, but Ace: -put all

drinke except Tobacco, (which also is but Dry Drink- : like to

be Eked of many. What ere it be f as he saith in the Comedie) Habeas vf
Kacta, lake it as you finde it, and welcome. More then which I cannot pei-

The following preface To my Country-men Readers, is fo allu-
five that its entire infenion may be pardoned, though it wander a
little from onr fubjecl :

Welcome courteous Countreymen. I mean e especially NorfoOcmen. For
tley are true Catholiques in matter of Dyet : no Recusants of any thing that
is mans meate. I bid all in general, excepting cnly such as are affrayed of
roasted Piggc, a breast or legge of Mutton, a Dudce &c. To co:
forbid no man, but him onely that bath uiaried a wife and cannot con.
man shall loose his labour. Here are Lettvses for euery mans lips. For the
Kortheren-man. White-meates, Bee/e, Mutton, Venison : {ortitcSoutkerne-
man, f nates, Hearbes, Fotele, Fith, Spice, and Sauce. As for the Middle-
sex or Londoner, I smell his Diet. I'rscitur aura eetheria. Here is a Pipe
of right Trinidado for him. The Yorkers they will be content with bald
Tabacodocko. What should I say ? here is good Veale for the Essex-man :
passing Leekes and excellent Cheese for the Welsh-man. Veniqtte quid non f
ere are neither Eg-pies for the Lancashire-man, nor Wog-taylex for
the Kentish-man. But that is all one, here is other good cheere enough.
And what is wanting in meate, shall bee supplyed in kinde welcome and offi-
cious attendance.

Least any thing should be amisse, or missing to thee, I hane my selfe (for
fault of a better, taken vpon me all such Offices as any way concerns this
1 .. - . r.

i CHOISE. First, I am Cator: and haue prouided the very choise of such
dayntics as Natures Market affoordeth.

a VSE. Secondly, I am Tasters commending each dish to thy Palate, ac-
cording to his right vse and vertue.

T. And (since nothing is so perfectly good, as it partaketh of no euifl
property) I haue put into a by-dish like Eg-shelles in a Saucer what worthily
may breed offence. Herein imitating a merry Greeke, who esp\nng an haire
in a dish of Buiter, called for another dish and dished it by it self.

4 PREPARATION or CORRECTION :r.e Cooke : so prepar-

ing, seasoning, and sancing the hannefiill disposition of euery meat, as it
shall be either in whole abolished, or in part qualified.

[5] DEGREE, SEASON, AGE, CONSTITUTION. Lastly, I assume the Cor-
ners office : and tj'""g noted the nature and operation of each particular
dispense to euery of my Guests according to the Season, his Age, and Con-

Thus very rudely, I obtrude vnto thee not a banquet, but a byt rather of
each dish Schollfr-litely, that is, badly carued. For Schollers are bad Car-
vers. Do thou, by thy kindly feeding on Dyets dry Dinner, but cause thy
selfe to thirst for Dyets Drinking: and I shall with like alacrity, act thy Cup-
bearer. Wherefore vntill thou beest Dry drunke, Fare-well. Thy Comiry-


Applying his method, Buttes thus difcourfes of Tabacco :

CHOISE. Translated out of India in the seed or roote ; Natiue or satiue in
our own fruitfullest soiles : Dried in the shade, and compiled very close : of
a tawny colour, somwhat inclining to red: most perspicuous and cleare :
which the Nose soonest taketh in snuffe.

VSE. It cureth any griefe, dolour, opilation, impostume, or obstruction,
proceeding of cold or winile : especially in the head or breast : the leaues are
good against the Migram, cold stomackes, sick kidnies, tooth-ache, fits of
the moother, naughty breath, scaldings or burnings : 4. ounces of the iuyce
drunk, purgeth vp and dnwne : cleanseth the eyes, being outwardly applied.
The water distilled and taken afore the fits, cureth an Ague.

The fume taken in a Pipe is good against Rumes, Catarrhs, hoarsenesse,
ache in the head, stomacke, lungs, breast : also in want of meat, diinl.o,
slecpe, or rest.'

HURT. Mortifieth and benummeth : causeth drowsinesse : troubleth and
dulleth the sences : makes (as it were) drunke : dangerous in meale time.

CORRECTION. The leaues be-ashed or wanned in imbers and ashes : taken
once a day at most, in ye morning, fasting.

DEGREE. Hot and dry in the second : of a stiffening and soddering nature.
A'so disensingand dissoluing filthy humours, consisting of contrary qualities.

SEASON. AGE. CONSTITUTION. In Winter and the Spring, for hot, strong,
youthful, and fat bodies only, as some thinke.

Buttes alfo compofes A Satyricall Epigram, vpon the wanton,
i'fe of Tabacco.

IT chaunc'd me ga/ing at the Theater,
To spie a Lock-Tabacco-Chevalier,

Clowding the loathing ayr with foggie fume

Of Dock-Tabacco, friendly foe to rume.

I wisht the Roman lawes seuerity : Alex. seu. Edict.

Who smoke selleth, tuith smoke be dot: :

Being well nigh smouldred with his smukio stir,

I gan this \v;. , gallant Sir :

Cortes, me ihinketh ,Sir) it ill beseems,

Thus here to vapour out these reeking steams :

Like or to Maroes steeds, whose nosthrils ftam'd ;

Or Plinies Nosemen (mouthles men) surnam'd,

Whose breathing nose supply'd Mouths absency.

He me regreets with this prophane reply :

Nay; I resemble (Sir) Jeltouah dread,

From out whose nosthrils a smpake issued :

Or the mid-ayrs congealed region,

Whose stomach with crude humors frozenon

Sucks vp Tabacco-like the vpmost ayr,

Enkindled by Fires neighbour candle fayr :

And hence it spits out watry reums amaine,

Asphleamy snow, and haile, and sheerer raine :

Anon it smoakes beneath, it flames anon.

Sooth then, quoth I, it's safest we be gon,

Le*t there arise some Ignis f'atuns

From out this smoaking flame, and choken vs.
On English foole : wanton Italianly :
Go Frenchly : Duchly drink : breath Indianly.

He then gives this Storiefor Table-talke.

This Hearbe is of great Antiquitie and high respect among the Indians,
and especially those of America or new Spain. Of whom the Spaniards
tooke it, after they had subdued those Countries, first vpon a likiiig of the
hearbe verie faire and glorious to the eye ; afterward vpon triall of his vertues
woithie admiration.

The Name in India is Pilciet, surnamed Tabacco by the Spaniard, of the


ile Talaco. By their meants it spred farre and neare : but yet wee are not
beholden to their tradition. Our English Vlisses, renomed Syr H'alter
RawleifJt, a man admirably excellent in Nauigation, of Natures priuy coun-
sell, and infinitely reade in the wide booke of the worlde, hath both farre
fetcht it, and deare bought it : the estimate of the treasure I leaue to other :
yet this all knew, since it came in request, there hath bene Magniis Jumi
questus, and Finni-veiuiulus is the best Epithite for an Apothecary-.

Thus much late Histories tell vs : among the Indians it is so highly hon-
oured, that when the Priests are consulting in matter of importance, they
presently cast Tabacco into the fire, and receiue at their nose and mouth,
the smoa': through a Cane, till they fall downe dead-drunke. Afterward
reuiuing againe, they giue answeres according to the phantasmes and visions,
which appeared to them in their sleepe.

1602. fi) " U\irk for Chimney-fweepers : or A warning for To-
bacconijls. Defcribing the pernicious vfe of Tobacco, no lefle
pleafant than profitable for all forts to reade : Fumits patria:,
Jgne alifno Liicultntior. As much to fay, Better be chokt with
Englifh hemp, then poifoned with Indian Tabacco." Written
by PHIL.VRKT: s, who alleges eight reafons againft Tobacco;
whereof one is

7 Seauenthly, for that the first author and finder hereof was the Diuell,
and the first practisers of the same were the Diuells Priests, and therefore not
to be vsed of vs Christians.

(2.) This provoked "A Defence of Tabacco: with a friendly
answer to the late printed Booke called IVorke for Chimney-

;. Si iudicas, cognofe : ft Rex es, tube."

(3.^ Sir WII.LIAM VATGHAN, in his Xaturall and Artificiall
Dircclions for health, &c. Sect. ii. ch. 8. Of Hcarbes. p. 22.

Cane Tabacco we!', dryed, and taken in a siluer pipe, fasting in the morn-
ing, cureth the megrim, the tooth ache, obstructions proceeding of cold, and
helpeth the fits of the mother. After meales it doth much hurt, for it infect-
eth the braine and the liues.

In his fourth edition of this work, publifhed in 1613, he al-
tered his mind and wrote againft Smoking.

(4.) Another anonymous work dedicated ' To my loving Friend
Mafter Michael Drayton,' appeared, entitled The Metamorphofu
of Tabacco. It opens with the following lines :
I sing the loues of the superiour 5
With the faire mother of all fragrant flowers :
From which first loue a glorious Simple springs,
Belou'd of heau'nly Gods, and earthly Kings.
Let others in their wanton verses chaunt
A beautious face that doth their senses daunt,
And on their Muses wings lift to the skie

idiant oeames of an inchaunting eye.
Mo let the sound of great Tabaccoes praise
A pitch aboue those loue-sicke Poets raise :
Ltt me adore with my thrice-happie pen
The sweete and sole delight of mortal! men,
The Contu-copia of all earthly pleasure,
Where bank-rupt Nature hath consum'd her treasure,
A worthie plant springing from Floraes hand,
The blessed ofspring of an vncouth land.

1604. In the course of thisyear ; there was anonymoufly publifhed





-t-3t 1*

Imprinted at London

by R. B.
Anno 1604.


euery humane body (dears Countrey men)
how wholefome foeuer, notwithjlanding
fobiefl, or at If aft naturally inclined to fame
forts of difeafes, or infirmities : fo is there
no Common-wealth, or Body-politicke, how
well gouerned, or peaceable foeuer it bee, that lackes the
owne popular errors, and naturally endined corruptions :
and therefore is it no wonder, although this our Countrey
and Common-wealth, though peaceable, though wealthy,
though longflourijhingin both, be amongst tlie rcjl, fubiefl
to tJie owne naturall infirmities. We are of all Nations \
the people most louin* and most reuerently obedient to
Prince, yet are wee (as time hath often borne witneffe) \
too eafte to be f educed to make Rebellion, vpon -very flight \
grounds. Our fortunate and oft prooued -valour in
warres abroad, our heartie and reuerent obedience to our '
Princes at Jiome, hath bred -us a long, and a thrice Jiappy
peace : Our Peace hath bred wealth : And Peace and
wealth Jiath brought foorth a generall fluggijhnefsc, which
makes rs wallow in all forts of idle delights, and foft
delicacies, tJie firft fecdes of the fubucrfion of all great
Monarchies. Our Clcargie are become negligent and
lazie, our Nobilitie and Gentrie prodigall, and folde to


their private delights, Our Lawyers couetous, our Com-
mon-people prodigall and curious ; and generally all forts
of people more care fill I for their priuat ends, then for
their mother the Common-wealth.

For remedie whereof, it is the Kings part (as the pro-
per Phifician of his Politicke-body] to purge it of all thofe
difcafcs, by Medicines mcete for the fame : as by a certaine
milde, and yet iuft forme of goucrnment, to maintaine the
Publicke qnictnejfe, and preuent all occafions of Commo-
tion : by the example of his owne Perfon and Court, to
make vs all afJiamcd of our flnggifJi delicacie, and to
fliire i's vp to the praclife againe of all honest excr-
cifes, and Martiall JJiadowes of Warrc ; As I ike-
wife by his, and his Courts moderatenejfe in Apparell,
to make vs afliamed of our prodigalitie : By his qnicke
admonitions and carefull oticrfeeing of the Clcargie, to
waken them vp againe, to be more diligent in their Offices :
By thcfJtarpetriall, andfeuerepunifJtmcnt of thepartiall,
conetons and bribing Lawyers, to reforme their corruptions:
And generally by the example of his owne Perfon, and
by the due execution of good Lawes, to reforme and aboliJJi,
piece and piece, tJiefe old and euill grounded abufes. For
this will not bee Opus vnius diei, but as euery one ofthefe
difeaf's, muflfrcm the King rcceiue the owne cure proper
for it, fo are there fome forts of abufes in Common-
wealths, that though tJiey be of fo bafe and contemptible
a condition, as tJicy are too low for the Law to looke on,
and too m cane for a King to interpone his authoritic, or
bend his eye vpon : yet are they corruptions, afwell as the
greatcfl of them. So is an Ant an Animal, afwell as an
Elephant : fo is a VVrenne Auis, afwell as a Swannei
and fo is a fmall dint of the Toothake, a difeafe afwe
as the fearefull Plague is. But for thcfe bafe forts of
corruption in Common-wealthes, not onely the King, or



any inferior Magiftrate, but Quilibet b populo may
ferue to be a Phifician, by difcouering and impugn-
ing iJu error, and by perfiuading reformation tJiereof.

And furely in my opinion, there cannot be a more bafe,
and yet hurtfull, corruption in a Countrey, tJien is the
vile vfe (or otJier abufe) of taking Tobacco in this King-
dome, which hath mooued me, ffiortly to difcouer the
abufes thereof in tliis following little PampJilet.

If any thinke it a light Argument, fo is it but a toy

that is beflowed rpon it. Andfince the Subiefl is but of

Snioke, I thinke the fume of an idle braine, may feme for

& Sufficient battery against fo famous aud feeble an enemy.

If my grounds be found true, it is all I lookefor ; but if

they cary the force of perfwafion with tliem, it is all I can

wi/Ji, and more then I can expcfl. My onely care is, that

you, my deare Countrey-men, may rightly conceiue euen

Ms fmallest trifle, of the finceritie of my meaning

in greater matters, neuer to f pare any

paine, that may tend to the

procuring of your weale

and profpcritti*



Hat the manifolde abufes of this vile
cuftome of Tobacco taking, may the
better be efpied, it is fit, that firft you
enter into confideration both of the
firft originall thereof, and likewife of
the reafons of the firft entry thereof
into this Countrey. For certainely
as fuch cuftomes, that haue their firft
inftitution either from a godly, neceffary, or honorable
ground, and are firft brought in, by the meanes of fome
worthy, vertuous, and great Perfonage, are euer, and
moft iuftly, holden in great and reuerent eftimation and
account, by all wife, vertuous, and temperate fpirits: So
mould it by the contrary, iuftly bring a great difgracein to
that fort of cuftomes, which hauing their originall from
bafe corruption and barbarity, doe in like fort, make
their firft entry into a Countrey, by an inconfiderate
and childtfh affeclation of Noueltie, as is the true cafe
of the firft inuention of Tobacco taking, and of the firft
entry thereof among vs. For Tobacco being a common,
herbe, which (though vnder diuers names) grovves

i oo A counterblajle to Tobacco.

almoft euery where, was firfl found out by fome of the
barbarous Indians, to be a Preferuatiue, or Antidot
againfl the Pockes, a filthy difeafe, whereunto thefe
barbarous people are (as all men know) very much
fubiec~l, what through the vncJeanly and aduft confti-
tution of their bodies, and what through the intemperate
heate of their Climat : fo that as from them was firft
brought into Chriftendome, that mofl deteftable dif-
eafe, fo from them likewife was brought this vfe of
Tobacco, as a (linking and vnfauorie Antidot, for fo
corrupted and execrable a Maladie, the (linking Suf-
fumigation whereof they yet vfe againfl that difeafe,
making fo one canker or venime to eate out another.

And now good Countrey men let vs (I pray you)
confider, what honour or policie can mooue vs to imi-
tate the barbarous and beaflly maners of the wilde,
godleffe, and flauifh Indians, efpecially in fo vile and
(linking a cuflome ? Shall wee that difdaine to imitate
the maners of our neighbour France (hauing the (lile

1 2 3 4 5 7 9 10

Online LibraryKing of England James IThe essayes of a prentise, in the divine art of poesie. Edinburgh. 1585. A counterblast to tobacco. London, 1604 → online text (page 7 of 10)