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Adams Family, The, of Groton, Comi 239

Announcements.— Burr Family, 192. Button Family,
62. Higley Family, 63. History of Oxford,
Mass., 192. Hoag, Hoeg, Hoegg Family, 221.
Ladd Family, 63. Lamb Family, 64. Matters
and Men in Newport, R. I., 1858-1891, 192.
Moseley Family, 62. Parker Family, 63. Pullen
Family, 63. Snow family, 192. Williams Fam-
ily, 63.

Baiigor, Maine, Early history of 1

Book Notes.— About an old New England Church, 19.
A Genealogy of one branch of the Warren Fam-
ily, 256. An autobiographical sketch of Rev.
Royal Crafts Spaulding, 256. An account of the
Centennial Celebration of the Congregational
Church of Christ in Hinesburg, Vt., 256. An-
nals of the Redwood Library, Newport, R. L, 255.
Barrington on the Narragansett as a place of res-
idence, 60. Eastern Worcester, its first settlers
and their descendants, 255. FraLippo Lippi, 6L
Fugitive Facts, 191. Genealogy of the Bigelow
family of America, 256. Genealogical Records of
the descendants of John and Anthony Emery of
Newburg, Mass., 256. History and Genealogy of
the Burgner family in America, 25L History of
the Old South Church, Boston, 61. History of
Salisbury, N. IL, 252. Illustrated Popular Bi-
ography of Connecticut, 256. New England Di-


rectory for 1891, 190. Notes and Additions to
the Histor}'- of Gloucester, Mass., 255. Salem
Witchcraft in outline, 256. Soldiers in Kinor
Philip's War, 255. Some Phases in the Sexual
Morality and Church Discipline in colonial New-
England, 255. The Goodwins of Hartford,
Conn., 256. The grave of Myles Standish, 252.
The Ladd Family, " 255. The one hundred and
fiftieth anniversary of the founding of St. James
Parish, Birmingham, Conn., 255. The Sabbath in
Puritan New England, 253. The Say ward Fam-
ily, 256. The Wights, a record of Thomas Wight,
of Dedham and Medfield, Mass., and his descend-
ants, 61. Vital record of Rhode Island, 190, 254.
Worcester Town Records, 191. Year-book of
the Society composed of descendants of men of
the Revolution, 250.

Boston, The Original Liberty Hall 8

Braintree, Mass., The Coddington School Lands 228

Cartwright Family Genealogy, The Orient and Occi-
dent, or the 208

Centenarians in New Hampshire 241

Coddington School Lands, Braintree, Mass 228

Cook, Rev., Rozel, Record of Marriages of, 1784-1798,

Montville, Conn 186-213

Document with a history, A, 239

English home of the Seventh-Day Baptist Clarke's of R.I. 202
Extracts from the Letter Book of Samuel Hubbard,

1641-1688. Continued 172-193

Graffort's Fort and Queen's Chapel,Portsmouth, N. H... 16

Grant, General, Ancestry of, 14

Hillhouse, Rev., James, of New London, Conn., and

his Family, 92

Historical Societies 121

Hubbard,Samuel, Extracts from Letter Book of,1641-1688. 193
Indian Names of Places on Long Island, N. Y., and their

Correspondences in Virginia 154


Long Island, N. Y., Some Indian Names of Places and

their Correspondences, in Virginia 154

Masonian Proprietors' Records, New Hampshire 180

Montville, Conn., Record of Marriages, by Rev. Rozel

Cook, 1784 to 1798 186-212

Montville, Conn., Record of the Second Church of

1722-1740 42

New England Patents, Early, 183

New Hampshire, Masonian Proprietors' Record 180

New Hampshire, Centenarians in, 241

Newport, R. I., Record of Marriages, by Rev. Gardner
Thurston, Pastor of the Second Baptist Church of,

1759-1800. Continued, 51, 124, 150, 243

Notes. — A few Sunday Laws of the Plymouth Colony,
149. A Curious Legacy, 161. A quaint epitapli
in Attleboro, Mass., 185. A riot in East Green-
wich, R. I., 1774, 217. An Historical Building
Saved, 110. Beverley, Mass., Historical So-
ciety, 110. Dover, N. H., 97. Dr. Asa Mes-
ser, 221. Early population of Plymouth Colony
and Massachusetts, 50. Early laws in Massachu-
setts relating to Fires, 160. Fortifications on the
Piscataqua river, 41. Founder of Harvard Col-
lege, 109. Glass Making in Massachusetts, 17 9.
In Memory of Rev. Samuel Langdon, D. D., 1 12.
In Memory of Rev. Dr. Mansfield, of Derby,
Conn., 162. Mount Desert Island, Maine, 182.
Portsmouth, N. H., Historical Society, 111. Silk
Culture in Conn., 171. The first Marble Quarry
in Vermont, 55. The Massachusetts Society of
the Sons of the American Revolution, 109. The
Kenebec, Me., Natural History and Antiquarian
Society, 109. The Grave of Rev. Warham Wil-
liams, VValtham, Mass., 110. The Earle Family,
111. The old town of Quincy, Mass., 128. The
First English Settlement in New England, 149.
The 'Name Massachusetts, 13, 159. The New


England Courant, 160. The Piscataqua River,
207. The Capture of Gen. Prescott, 216. The
Williams Family, 216. The United Train of
Artillery, Providence, celebrates the adoption of
the Federal Constitution by Six States in 1788,
219. Rhode Island and the Constitution, 220.
The Right of Francliise during the early history
of Massachusetts, 227. Wages in 1638, 97.
Window-weights cast into Bullets, 1776, 212.
Woburn, Mass., 24.

Patents, Early New England 183

Paul, Sergeant John White, The part borne by, in the

Capture of General Prescott, 1777 98

Pearce, John, Mason, Portsmouth, II. I., Some descend-
ants of 129

Portsmouth, N. H., Graffort's Fort and Queen's Chapel . . 16
Queries, Genealogical. — Crandall, 59, Choate, 114.
Cook-Rushmore-Prior-Birdsall-Alling, 117. Ches-
ter, 119. (Jartwright, 224. Clarke, 225. Clajip,
226. Eddy or Addy, 57. EUery-Keith, 167.
Elton, 226. Eaton, 1 b5. Hopper, 165. Hutch-
ens, 166. Johnson, 114. Jones, 115. Lamb,
166. Lane, 113. Messer, 116. Myers, 116.
Malbone, 167. McLaffin-Fellows- Wells, 165.
Pullen, 58. Parker, 59. Reed, 120. Reynolds,
163. Salsbury-Eddy, 114. Snow, 166. Sisson,
225. Silsbee, 226. Taylor-Halcomb-Whitlock,
225. Tompkins, 224. Weaver, 118. Weare-
Lawton, 225. Waite, 167. Williams, 117.
Wood-Kinsley, 116.
Queries, Historical. — An invitation to settle in New
England, 57. Colonel Elias Starr of ("onnecticut,
113. Diary of Parson Hasey, 222. Early Ger-
man Emigration into New England, 222. Fort
Independence, Boston Harbor, 56. Fire Engine
in Boston, 1740, 168. Pastors, Teachei-s and El-
ders in the New England Churches, 163. Prizes


for Digging Graves, 163. Quinnatisset, Conn.,
57. Ringing the bells at three o'clock at St. Al-
bans, Vt., 57. Some interesting English Queries,
. 222. State Treasurer of New Hampshire, 1791,
113. The Oldest Baptist Church, 113. The
first Grammar School in Boston, 113. The first
Church Services in New England, 222.
Replies to Queries.— An invitation to settle in New
England, 120. Chester, 167. Ellery-Keith, 227.
Pastors, Teachers and Elders in the New Eng-
land Churches, 222. Quinnatisset, Conn., 120.
The Malbone Family, 170. The Oldest Baptist
Church, 167.

Schoolhouse, The Old, 25

The Original Liberty Hall, Boston, 8

Thurston, Rev. Gardner, Pastor of the Second Baptist
Church, Newport, R. I. Record of Marriages of,

1759-1800. Continued, 51, 124, 150, 243

Williams, Robert, of Roxbury, Mass., and his descend-
ants, 64

Williams, Roger, The parentage of 20


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NE\V1H)UT, 1!. 1.:



Magazine of New England History.


Newport, R I. ( per Annum | Editor and Publishkr.

The Magazine of New England History is made up of Original and Sf.leoted Arti-
cles relating to New England local and family history; Notes and Queries, in which
department all interested may ask for information, historical or genealogical, to be sen''
to their address, or published in the Magazine; l?ooK Notes; Announcements of loea 1
and family history in preparation; and Wants, a department for the use of subscribers
only. Selected Articles will be corrected by the ai.thors before they are reprinted.

While such Historical and Genealogical matter, only, as may be relied on for accuracy
and authenticity will be published, it is understood that the publisher is not responsible
forlmisstatements of facts (if any,) or for the opinions contained or expressed in articles
printed under tlie names, or initials, of contributors, All interested are respectfully in-
vited to furnish, for publication, articles and items relating to New England local, family
and church history.

Direct all communications and exchanges to


Newport, R. 1.

Magazine of New England History.

Vol. [. No. i. January, 1891.


Early History ot Bangor, .Maine r

Tlie Original Liberty Hall. Bo.ston, Alas.s S

Ancestry of General U. S. Grant 14

Graffort's Fort and Queen's Chapel, Portsmouth. N. H 16

Tlie Parentage of Roger Williams 20

Tlie Old Schoolhouse 25

.A Sketch of the First Church in .Salem. Mass., and its Ministers 28

Record of the Second Church in the North Parish of New London.

(now Montville, Conn..) from 1722 to 1740 42

Record of Marriages by Rev. (lardner Thurston, pastor of the Second

Baptist Church. Newport, R. I.. 1759-1S00 51

Oueries Historical — Fort Independence : Quinnatisset. Conn. : An
invitation to settle in New England; Ringing the bells at 3
o'clock. Genealogical — Eddyor .Vdy; Notice to Town Clerks:

PuUen ; Parker; Rev. John Crandall ; Crandall 56

Book Notes — Announcements — Wants 60


Vol. 1. JANUARY, 1891. No. 1.

Early History of Bangor, Maine.

^HE ancient proprietors of this city were the Penobscot
tribe of Indians. This was the most numerous and
'^i!' /powerful tribe in Maine. The Pentagoet, or Penob-
scot, river and country was their domain. The French,
by main strength, took possession of the country soon after
1 600, and named it Acadia. Later on, tliat part of North
America east of Kennebec, or St. Georges, became known by
that name. November 8, 1603, King Henry IV, of France,
granted it to Pierre du Gast Sieur du Monts, who undertook
to coh)nize it and subdue and christianize the ancient inhabi-
tants. In 1604, he came over, accompanied by the famous
explorer, Samuel Champlain, and began a settlement at St.
Croix near Calais. Champlain made a voyage to the west-
ward tliat year, and came here in the month of September.
He describes the river and country as beautiful; on one side
of the river, here at Bangor, he found a forest of oaks, some
of the lineal descendants of which may be seen on the estate
of Deacon William S. Dennett on Grove street ; on the other
side. Brewer, he found numerous pines. The thousands of
stumps, which, even now, may be seen, bear testimony to his
description. The colony at St. Croix failed. Other settle-
ments were attempted at Port Royal, now Annapolis, Nova
Scotia, in 1606 and 16 U, which were failures. In the expe-
dition of 1611 were two Jesuit priests, Pierre Biard and En-


ermond Masse, who remained. These priests that year
voyaged to the westward, along the coast and came here to
Kadesquit. In a letter from Port Royal, dated January 31,
1612, Father Biard gives an account of his visit here. He
says if this is not the ancient Norombega that he and others
have been looking for, he cannot conceive where it is. He
found here "the finest C' immunity of savages he had yet seen;
there were eighty canoes and one shallop, eigliteen cabins and
as many as three hundred souls, the principal sagamore was
Betsabes, a man discreet and very sedate ; and in truth, one
recognizes in these savages, virtues, natural and political,
which would make anyone blush, who is not shameless, when
in comparison they consider a large part of the French who
came into the region.

In the meantime another expedition was got up in France
by j)ious Catholics, and Madame de Guercheville, who had ac-
quired the patent of Du Monts, determined to plant a colony
in some other part of Acadia, where they could pursue these
objects unmolested. By the advice of the Jesuit Fathers
who came here, Kadesquit, now Bangor, was determined upon
as the place where this settlement should be made. The ex-
pedition sailed from France, March 12, 1613, and on its way
here called at Port Royal, June 22, 1613, for those who were
there. June 27th, they departed for Kadesquit, but were de-
tained for several days, off Grand Manan, by a regular Pas-
samaquoddy fog, and got sick and discouraged, and made the
first land, which proved to be Mount Desert Island, probably
at South West Harbor, and there the settlement was made.
Father Biard says, the Providence of God prevented their
going to Kadesquit as originally intended. And thus Ban-
gor failed to become a French Catholic Colony and settle-
ment. I may say here that long before the Pilgrims settled
at Plymouth, the Catholic religion prevailed here, and prior
to 1700, Catholic Chapels with bells thereon were heard at
Old Town, Passadumkeag, Mattawamkeag, and we think
Mount Hope. Controversies between France and England
began to arise in the claim for territory. The French in a


manner controlled the Indians ; and the white settlers to the
westward were kept in a continued state of fear by their in-


Was sent to the eastward to fight the Penobscot Indians.
In August and September, 1696, he came here and found no
Indians. He then went to "The Bend," to Indian Old
Town, and to Passadumkeag, where were Indian settlements.
The Indians, nearly all of them fled, and he returned.


The Indian and French troubles continued, and in March,
1723, Massachusetts sent Capt. Thomas Westbrook eastward
with ti-oops to fight or drive off the Indians. He came here
and found no Indians ; he then went to Old Town, Indian
Island, but found no Indians there. He burned the fort,
chapel, and priest's house, and twenty-three other houses,
and then returned to the westward.


Came here in 1759, and built a fort at Fort Point. It was
named Fort Pownal. He came to this place May 23, in his
sloop, and had trouble getting over Treat's Falls. He landed
on the east side of the river, and with 136 men went above
"The Bend." At the head of the Falls, there on the steep
bank, he buried a leaden plate with the following inscription :

"Province of Massachusetts Bay
^ Dominions of Great Britain, Possession

Confirmed by T. Pownal, Gov'r."

He then erected a flag staff, hoisted tlte King's colors and
saluted them. The next day he left and went down the river.

From 1758 to 1769-70, this place was visited by fishermen
and hunters only. In 1770, Jacob Bussell, who was the first
settler, came here with his family, and his son Stephen and
his wife, and Caleb Goodwin and his family.

In 1771, Thomas Howard, Jacob Dennett, Simon Crosby,
Thomas, John and Hugh Smart, Andrew Webster, Jr., Jo-
seph Rose and David Rowell from Woolwich and Brunswick,


with their families, Solomon and Silas Hathorn from Worces-
ter, Mass., and their families. Tn 1772, James Dunning with
his family, came, and the same year Robert Treat from Bos-
ton, by way of Fort Pownal.

Other settlers followed. Deacom William Boyd from
Bristol, 1791 ; Abraliam Tourtelotte from Newport, R. I. ;
Nath. Harlow and John Harlow, brothers, from Plymouth,
Mass., about 178i>-90 ; Robert Hichborn, Jr., 1794 ; Mark
Trafton, William Hasey, Jonathan Lowder, Theodore Traf
ton, William Forbes, 1799 ; Capt. James Budge, Nathaniel

The early settlers were squatters. They supposed that the
State owned their lands. Prior to 1800 the owners of the
Waldo Patent made a claim on the State, by reason of the
fact that re-surveys had taken away a part of the quantity
which the Patent called for. To satisfy this claim the State
gave the Waldo heirs the four townships, now Bangor, Her-
mon, Hampden and Newbury, with a reservation of 100 acres
to each actual settler. Prior to 1801 not a settler had a deed
of his land. Possessory rights were invariably respected.

March 5, 1801, the General Court passed a law giving to
each actual settler prior to Jan. 1, 1784, one hundred acres of
land for !|S.70, and for each actual settler between that date
and Feb. -3, lT9o, one hundred acres for $100. Park Hol-
land wa.s appointed surveyor and ran out these lots in 1801,
and by his survey the titiei to the settlers' lots are now held.
Outside of the settlei's' lots the Waldo heirs were the owners,
and conveyed their Imds by otiier surveys.


The whole territory on the west side of the river, from
Wheeler's mills in Hampden, up, was erected into a planta-
tion in 1787, c died Condeskeag Plantation.

The town of Bangor was incorporated Feb. 25, 1791, and
the first town meeting was held March 22, 1792. Andrew
Webster, Jr., was elected Town Clerk. The records from
that time to 1798-9 are lost.


I give some sketches of the professional and business men
early in Bangor :


Several ministers came here early as missionaries. Rev.
Seth Noble, a revolutionary soldier, was settled as a minister
Sept. 10, 1786. He was a good preacher and was in-
clined to be convivial in his habits ; but was liked and re-
spected by the best people in this vicinity. He resigned
Nov. 4th, 1797, and returned to Massachusetts.

Rev. James Boyd, a minister of the "standing order,'
came here in September, 1800, and staid until November,
1801. He was reputed easy in his morals.

Rev. Hai-vey Loorais was ordained minister of the First
Parish church, Nov. 27, 1811. He was a sincere Christian and
acceptable preacher. He died 1825.


Dr. John Herbert, from Deerfield, Mass., came here in 177-4.
He was a surgeon and chapUiin in the British array. He left
in 1779. His grandson, George Herbert, Jr., settled in Ells-
worth as a lawyer in 1801.

Dr. Phineas Nevers, a Revolutionary soldier, came here in
1782, and died October, 1785.

The next physician was Doctor Horatio G. Balch, who
came about 1804. He is said to have cared more for politics
than business. He was the second Representative from the
town, 1807. He removed to Lubec before 1817.

Dr. Hosea Rich came here in July, 1805. He continued in
practice more than sixty j^ears. He died January 30, 1866.


One Jethro Djlano, who was here in 1790, did much legal
business and tried mmy cases before justices. I know but
little of him except that he signed his name "Jethro Delano,

Oliver Leonard, from Norton, Mass., settled in Brewer,
1796. Was Representative there several years. ' He moved


over to this city and died here. He was the first educated
lawyer on Penobscot river.

Allen Gihnan came here in 1801 from Brewer village,
wliere he first located. He was the first mayor of Bangor,
in 1884. After 1801, came William D. Williamson, after-
ward governor, Jacob McGaw, Samuel E. Button.


Jedediah Preble came here in 1770-1 and settled above
Trent's Falls. He was government Truck Master and mer-
chant. He was said to be a Tory and very unpopular with
the Indians. He built the first framed house in Bangor. He
left about 1773.

Major Robert Treat came from Boston in 1773 and settled
first at the mouth of the Penjejawock stream, and afterward
at Penobscot Falls, later known as Treat's Falls. He owned
saAV mills here and at Frankfort and Orland. He also built
vessels, and, it is said, the first one on Penobscot river. Par.
son Noble in his diary says ; "Nov. 3, 1791, Mr- Treat's brig
launched." Major Treat was an active, enterprising mer-
chant and useful citizen.

Joseph Junin, a Frenchman, came from Castine in 1790.
He was an Indian trader. He was murdered in his store at
City P.oint, February 18, 1791.

Bulkley Emerson, from Kennebunk, came about 1795. He
was the first postmaster of Bangor, 1801.

William Hammond, Jr., from Newton, came about 1794-5.
He built mills and did much to promote the interests of

Up to 1800 Bangor had not grown much. Brewer village
was a formidable rival, and to some extent Hampden. Soon
after 1800 it began to be seen that the natural situation of
Bangor was better tlian any other town on the river, and a
new emigration commenced, which brought here vigorous,
enterprising, ambitious men, who gave it character and stand-
ing. The most notable of tliese (not before mentioned) Avdio
came prior to 1819, were : Charles Hammond, Capt. William


Hammond, senior, Elisha Hammond, John Pearson, Isaac
Hatch, Silas Hatcli, James Bartlett, John Barker, George
Barker, Mark Trafton, Oliver Frost, Wiggins Hill, Luke
Wilder, Samuel W. Hayes, Tliomas Bartlett, John Ham,
James Drummond, Moses Patten, Amos Patten, James B.
Fisher, Philip Coombs, Robert Lapish, Edmund Dole, Abner
Taylor, Thomas Bradbury, Newell Bean, William Dole, Ste-
phen Kimball, Eliashel Adams, Deacon George W. Brown,
Joseph Whipple, Samuel Sherburn, John Sargent, Col. Sam-
uel Dutton, Francis Carr, M. C, 1812; Joseph Carr, senior,
James (^arr, M. C, 1812; James Thomas, first representa-
tive from Bangor ; Michael Sargent, Caleb C. Billings, Tim-
othy Crosby, William Lowder, Capt. Israel Snow, David W.
Haynes, John Giddings, Stephen Giddings, and others.

These men were tlie real founders of the town and the
city. Except in one or two instances the first settlers moved
away up the river. With this hurried sketch, I leave to
others better qualified to write, the history of later Bangor.

— J. B. Porter in Bangor Courier.

Pamphlets and newspapers began, as early as 1765, to dis-
cuss the question of slavery. And, as the country approached
the crisis of the Revolution, masters, in many cases, volunta-
rily emancipated their slaves ; and appeals began to be made
to the courts, by those held in bondage, to be declared free.
There were two such cases in Middlesex Co., Massachusetts,
between 1768 and 1770, in which judgment was rendered in
favor of the parties suing for freedom ; and another was de-
cided in the same way in Essex Co., in 1773, which were re-
ferred to rather as examples, than to indicate the number or
localities of these actions.

In the trade with Barbadoes, Surinam, and other Southern
ports, no article of export was more profitable in early times,
than horses. A Law Avas enacted, in Connecticut, in 1660,
requiring that every horse sent out of the colony should be
registered, with its marks, age and owner.


The Original Liberty Hall, Boston, Mass.

i^AlE "Book of Possessions" of Boston, 1635, tells ns
i(m ^'^'^^ ^^^^ P^*^^ °^ ground on tlie east side of Washing-
ton street, between Essex street and Beach street, was
a})[)ortioned to Garrett Bourne for a house and garden.
He took the oath and became a freeman, and built a house
and occupied it in the following year, 1636. He set out a
variety of shade trees about his house, many of which were
elms. In 16-46 he transphinted an elm a little distance
northwest of his house. It was a chosen, selected tree, on
account of its shape and vigor. Garrett Bourne "built and
planted better than he knew." In about a century the house
became noted as a tavern, and a little later on, as the meeting
place of the sons of Liberty. In about the same time, that
transplanted elm became famous as the Liberty Tree, as the
sons of Liberty used to rally under its wide-spreading
branches. It was under this tree that the tirst public act of
resistance to British tyranny showed itself. At dawn, on the
14th of August, 1765, an effigy of Andrew Oliver, the stamp
officer, was discovered hanging to one of the larger branches.
This caused great excitement. The sheriff was ordered by
the colonial Governor Hutchinson to remove the eWigy from

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